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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, October 20, 1919, Image 1

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Read the Real Estate Advts.
tn today's Journal. To sell or rent
Real Estate, advertise la The Jour
nal. The Journal has been the lead
ing Real Estate medium In West
Florida for over 20 years.
FLORIDA WEATHER.
Fair Monday and prpbably
Tuesd.iy with not much change
.n temrerature; gentle variablo
winds. "
V0L. XXII NO. 278.
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA. MONDAY MORNING OCTOBER 20, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
REPOBUSN
ES PER ATE
TO
OCK ; RATIFICATION
S
MA
KM
D
EFFORT
BL
ORGANIZED LABOR FIGHTING
MOST CRITICAL BATTLE OF
FEDERATION'S EXISTENCE
While in Death Grip With Steel
Corporation I. . W. -W. Agents
From Within Knaw at Its
Very Heart Strings)
REIGN OF TERROR IN
INDUSTRY THREATENED
Gompers in Address Before In
dustrial Conference Made
Strong Appeal For Arbitra
tion of Steel Strike
(By GEORGE H. MANNING-)
Washington, p. C. Oct. 19. Organ
ised labor, as represented by . the
American Federation of Labor, Is
fiaiiting the most critical battle of Its
fx.stence. While in a death grip with
the United States steel corporation
ami straining every sinew to obtain a
victory in the strike whlch-may mean
Iif or death to the organized labor
movement, it is the beast from within.
acents of the I. "W. V. and intensely
radical elements working for its down,
fall, that gnaw at its very heart
itrinjrs. The foremost leaders of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor know that
thoy must obtain a victory in the
ilash with the steel corporation, and
mut also obtain from the , industrial
conference now in session here a
ri-copr.ition of . union principles and
a new, liberal ajid humanitarian work
in? agreement to be put in force be
':wn capital and labor in all "Aroerl
nn industries, or must give way to a
radical or Bolshevik movement that
'ill attain its ends by . force and de
struction. While the labor leaders are battling
'nr tlm .-ir Itta nt tYiet linlnn labor
organization, the structure, is being
torn down also from within, and while
puhlie sentiment is being turned
csainst the organized labor movement
V tho succession of unauthorized
strikes and hasty walkouts that have
within the past few . weeks caused
M-rious paralysis to important public
business.
The radicals and I. W. "W.'s in the
ranks of labor are dissatisfied with
the peaceful, persuasive and concili
atory processes through , which the
A. F. of L. leaders have sought to
tt.iin ground. Their constant claims of
defeat for peacful methods and ad
vocacy of ruthless destruction of in
ijstry as a better weapon are respon
sible, the A. F. of L. officials attend
ing the industrial conference assert,
tcr the numerous unauthorized strikes
vvl overwhelming votes in favor of
r.rikf: in almost all wage disputes.
A.t intense feeling of indifference
to consequences and recklessness
anions the working element has been
lrouht about by a sudden relaxation
from tho strain of the war that has
Riven the radical agitators a fertile
ffM upon which they have worked
Industriously with marked success, the
labor leaders declare. '
The rank and file of the union work
are pood, patriotic citizens, well
ifiM-i;, lined -.rvd having the general
P-Nie welfare at heart, and the labor
'fa iers attending the industrial con
rente assert, and unauthorized or
spontaneous walkouts like that of the
kneshoremen, the expressmen and
t"i nsters in New York, represent only
Wti.ite cases of a few radicals galn
the upper hand and guiding an un
and destructive course.
The indifferent and reckless atti
' of the working classes first
'.Hve,i itself in Russia following the
a- "f Czar Nicholas, spread to all
countries of EuroDe. nartlcularlv
E-S'unci. and is now gaining ground
:; and bounds in the United
s 's until it has reached the point
-fr- the I. W. W.'s and Bolshevikis
""eaten In. nvnrt Vt mxxr the A V rf T.
'' '.he recognized orderly and con--"vative
leaders of union labor and to
yz command with a wave of the red
-ie. they admit. '
Pr:,ient Samuel Gompers admitted
existence of this state of affairs
eloquent address to the indus-r;4'-
conference here last Tuesday,
Vn he made an impassioned appeal
th representatives of the public
the employers to adopt his reso-'-'or.
for arbitration of the 'steel
The employers group would
' J'-P'.d howivpr unrl XTr Rnmmrs.
tM', Grani !d Man," went home
to Lc-ci suffering from a mental
I'.vs.;cal breakdown. -
" situation within the ranks ff
j-zM labor, with the radicals and
gvcV' 8 exertin8' aI1 their powers
Vn, enhrw the conservatives led by
-Pers, with occasional indications
6.-rtnKasure of success, is bringing
if-nibje uneasiness . to the lead-
I
I
tCoatinued on page three
TREATY FIGHT
TO ENTER ON
FINAL PHASE
Republicans Expect to Block
Ratification by Standing To
gether on Program of Reser
vations. "Washington, Oct. 19. The long
treaty fight in the senate is about to
enter Its final phase. Leaders hope
during the coming week to clear away
all proposed amendemnts and make
substantial progress in framing the
ratification resolution.
Virtually conceding that no amend
ments will be adopted, opposition man
agers are determined to .- mil if y the
ratifying resolution with reservations,
and Senator Lodge, Republican leader,
declared In a statement tonight that
a decisive majority would stand for
reservations that would be "unequiv
ocal and effective."
Privately - opposition leaders de
clared Lodge's claim was backed by
an understanding amountlngvirtually
to compelete agreement ambong all
the forty-nine Republicans , and six
Democrats to stand together,' for a re
servation program evolved after many
weeks of conference. How far the re
maining forty-one senators will go In
opposition to reservations is an un
certain question even in the minds of
some of their leaders. They have stood
unreservedly through the long fight
cation that would not require the
for the president's program of ratifi
treaty's submission to other powers,
but it is for the president himself to
decide finally whether and reserva
tions adopted will recquire resubmis
sion, and his Illness has left the ad
ministration leaders somewhat in the
dark.
CONDITION OF
PRESIDENT IS
ENCOURAGING
CONDITION OF
Washington, Oct. 19. Having ob
tained relief from the prostatic condi
tion which retarded his recovery last
week. President Wilson was the vic
tim today of slight digestive troubles.
His condition otherwise throughout
the day. Rear Admiral Grayson an
nounced tonight, was unchanged." The
bulletin said: "The president has a
slight digestive disturbance today.
Otherwise his condition is unchanged."
During the day it was said the presi
dent's physicians were greatly encour
aged by his condition, notwithstand
ing the digestive troubles and that
last night was the first time Dr. Gray
son had not been called for some rea
son to attend the president after he
retired. Dr. - Grayson has 6pent the
night at the "White House ever since
the president returned from his speak
ing trip.
WEST FLORIDA TO
GET MORE CARS
FOR SAW MILLS
Washington. Oct. 19. Congressman
Smithwlck, of Pensacola, called on of
ficials of the railroad administration
today to urge that steps be taken to
furnish more cars to the lumber ship
pers of Florida situated west of the
Apalachicola river. Several complaints
have been received from the saw mill
men of western Florida. The railroad
administration officials promised Mr.
Smithwlck that a considerable im
provement in the situation would be
made within the next week. -
Drew Peacock has been appointed a
permanent rural carrier at Altha, Cal
houn county, Florida. ' ! '-'
RAILWAY CLERKS
MAY WALK OUT IF
DEMANDS NOT MET
Boston. Oct. 19. Approximately 1,
200 members of the local branch of
the express division of the Brpther
hood ' of Railway Clerks today unani
mously endorsed the proposition for a
nation-wide strike of the brotherhood
early next morning unless the wage'
demands before the railroad adminis
tration were granted by November Z
LEPER COLONY
BE DISCUSSED
IN CONFERENCE
State Health Officer Green Ar
ranges For Engagement Be
tween Catts and Surgeon Gen
eral Blue Next Week.
Washington, Oct. 19. Senators
Fletcher and Trammel! have received
telegrams from Dr. Ralph M. Green,
state health officer of Florida, ttating
that he had been requested by Gov
ernor Catts to request, them o ar
range with Surgeon Geierol Blue for
an appointment for a conference with
the governor next Thursday motnlng.
Dr. Blue said he would be delighted
to see the governor and those who
may accompany him to conference.
While Dr. Green did not mention the
purpose of the conference it 13 presum
ed it will be In regard to the pro
posed plan t-t locate a federal leper
wony In Florloa.
The Florida senators arranged for
a conference of Governor Catts and
several other officials with Surgeon
General Blue last week but the delega
tion failed to arrive or send any ex
planation. There Is no possibility of locating
the leper colony in western Florida,
but if it is put in the. state at all it
is learned it will be located on an
Biland off Cedar Keys. -
BARRICADE DIXIE
HIGHWAY; HOLD UP
ALL AUTOMOBILES
Chattanooga. Oct, 19. When indig
nant citizens of James county put a
rope aroundj the neck of James Oliver
and strung him up to a tree shortly
after midnight near Oclewah, he broke
down and is alleged to have told the
name of his companion, who he said
shot and killed "W. H. Mcintosh,
deputy sheriff, a few hours earlier.
It is .charged Oliver, who is not yet
twenty-one, and Ed Martin, whom he
named, barricaded ,a section of the
Dixie highway Saturday night, and
held up all automobiles ! that passed.
Citizens went armed with pistols and
shotguns to capture the bandits and
were themselves captured by the bays,
and for a time six men and one woman
were held at bay by one while the
other continued the holdups. Oliver
was finally wounded while the other
scaped. Oliver is in jail, while posses
are searching for Martin. Both are
Just discharged from the army.
"CONGRATULATIONS!"
GERMS UN
DER
GUARD CLEAN UP
RUINS OF WAR
Between Ypres and Dixmude by
Thousands They Are Stacking
Shells, Burying the Dead and
Fixing Land to Till. - -
Dixmude, Belgium (By Associated
Press) Scattered over the ; low-lying
country between Ypres and Dixmude,
scenes of many a battle, are thousands
of German prisoners under guard of
British and Belgium soldiers as wll
as civilians who have been called into
the gigantic task of clearing up the
battlefields and once more making it
fit for. habitation. They are "stacking
shells, recovering "brass - cases , and
burying the dead.' ' There is a mili
tary efficiency about their work and
the progress they are making is most
gratifying for all the governments con
cerned. ,- " '' , .
One may still see the ruins of many
British and Belgian tanks, caught in
the German shell fire, now twisted and
broken wrecks. . Now they. lie rustei
and neglected, mere shells of the once
powerful - machines which went , into
action. Some , of them . are ' almost
buried in the mud, other shang pre
cariously on the edge of dilapidated
trenches, while still others stand high
in the 'fields where they were aban
doned by such of their crews as sur
vived. Many of them are torn and
riddled as though their heavy armored
(Continued on Page Two.) ;
VISCOUNT ASTOR
DIED SATURDAY
HEART DISEASE
London, s Oct. ; 19. Viscount Astor of
Hever Castle, died of heart disease
Saturday morning. He ..had been In
failing health for a year. The body is
lying "at the residence of his son. "Wal
dorf Astor, "member of parliament, . In
St. James square.. ,' : .
Through Viscount Astors wish his
body will be cremated, and it is un
derstood the ashes will be placed In
a private chapel in his one-time coun
try home, Cliveden at Taplow Bucks,
now occupied by Waldorf Astor.
William Waldorf Astor was born in
New York in 1848, and was the great
grandson of John Jacob Astor, founder
of the. Astor millions. He became a
British subject In the early nineties,
was made a baron in 1916, and a vis
count in 1917. He was the richest man
in England, and had also large hold
ings in the United States
START
FOR RGCKAWAY
AT 6:30 TODAY
Long Flight From Local Station
to Be Completed in .Two and
a Half '-- Days If. Plans Are
Fulfilled.
Expecting to complete flight to Rock
away, Long Island, in two' and a half
days, a distance ' of approximately
2,800 miles, Lieutenant Webster "Wright
and Lambert Hewitt will hop-off from
the Naval Air" station this morning at
6:30 o'clock, it was announced . last
inight by Lieut. Wright. Fair weather
conditions are promised.
From a point in. .the vicinity of
Cedar Keys the. flyers in two H-16A
flying, boats will proceed across coun
try a distance of about 120 -miles, to
Jacksonville. They will spend the
first' night at Brunswick, Oa, the sec
ond at Hampton Roads and arrive at
Rockaway Wednesday at noon. A
water course will be followed all the
way up the coast from Jacksonville,
as well as from Pensacola to the vi
cinity of Cedar Keys.
Lieut.' Wright Is to be In charge of
the expedition and will pilot one of
the boats with Machinist M. P. Cook
as assistant r pilot. Lieut. Hewitt will
be chief pilot of the second boat and
will be assisted by Ensign Burr Chase.
A crew of mechanicians .will .be as
signed to each boat.
- Lieut. Wright admits that wind and
weather .will have much to do . with
the success of the expedition,"' but as
serts that, although , the distance is
nearly the same as from New York to
Liverpool, he will have no trouble
in making it if the weather Is favor
able. :
The H-16A . boats are two-Liberty
motored and are the largest used at
the local air station. - Many hops to
New Orleans and Mobile have been
made. It being nothing- unusual for
pilots to make the round trip in an
afternoon. Last spring a number f
the 16's flew to Cuba and manouevor
ed with the fleet in annual practice.
Probably the most severe tet on the
present flight will come when the 120
miles overland flight across Florid is
made, because any failure of motor or
plane would mean a forced, and prcb
ably fatal landing; In the woods5 or
B ffimps. - -. ,
; The men connected wit'i lh sxptdi
tlon which in many respects is to be
one of the most remarkable under
taken by the navy, received J -radically
all their training st tne local
station, and Li--;t. Wright sinrnt a year
in patrol flight over the English chan
ncl Curing tho war. , '
FLYERS
TRAM LOAD OF PENSACOLA
BOOSTERS FOR CENTENNIAL
GET AWAY TO TALLAHASSEE
F
ISH ARMY
REPORTS FALL
OFPETROGRAD
Finnish Announcement Not Cor
roborated From Other Sources
Says Report From Wash
ington. Washington, Oct. 19. The fall of
Petrograd and the occupancy of that
city and the fortress of Kronstadt by
the Russian anti-Bolshevik troops,
has been reported officially by the
general staff of the Finnish army to a
Vpsburg representative of the north
west government of Russia.
This Information reached the state
department tonight. .It was said, how
ever, a direct dispatch dated today
from the state department's represen
tative nearest Petrograd, said the
Finnish official announcement was not
corroborated from other sources.
, London, Oct. 19. Red troops which
returned from Krasnoye . ,.Selo and
Gatchlna 'shortly T. afterwards reoccu
pied both "towns and the soviet army
started a counter, offensive, which
promised success, says a wireless dis
patch tonight from Moscow. The dis
patch adds land batteries at Kronstadt
repelled attacks of the British fleet.
New York, Oct. 19. Appeals to the
people of Russia to throw off the yoke
of Bolshevism and .turn to a govern
ment of "true domocracy," written by
a score or more of prominent Ameri
can statesmen, business men, editors
and leaders, are to be given wide pub
licity throughout that country by the
magazine "Struggling Russia,'' it was
announced today. -
The magazine published by the Rus
sian Information bureau in the Uni
ted States, announces that articles are
being prepared in a special issue,
thousands of copies of which will be
sent to the land of the Red Terror for
distribution.
FAIL TO AGREE
ON EMPLOYER AND
LABOR QUESTIONS
Washington, Oct. 19. The solution
of the difficulties threatening the life
of the national industrial conference
seemed more hopeless than ever to
night after the conferences of the cen
tral committee in a three-hour session
tailed to conciliate the differences be
tween the labor and employer wings.
The. tentative agreement which was
reached late Saturday on the vital
question of collective bargaining was
shattered at the meeting today when
the employers' group insisted on add
ing to 'it a substitute resolution clause
declaring for thfe right of employers
and employees to bargain individually.
The labor delegates unqualifiedly re
jected this clause. The conference re
convenes tomorrow.
GERMAN BODIES
WILL BE REMOVED
SAYS COMMANDANT
Chattanooga", Tenn., Oct. 19. The
local post of the American Legion af
ter an investigation of ther charges
that American soldiers and German
prisoners were buried together in the
national cemetery here, the com
mandant, Charlie Hood, announced to
day the Legion will see that the graves
are changed "if it's necessary to take
the matter to the floor of congress
for authority to 'separate the loyel,
patriotic Americans from the traitor
ous aliens who were Interned because
of their plottings against the United
States government."
The Confederate veterans, G. A. R..
and Women of the American Federa
tion will aid, it is said. ,
COMMANDER GETS
DISTINGUISHED
SERVICE MEDAL
New York. Oct. 19. A distinguished
service medal was conferred on Com
mander Evangeline Booth of the Sal
vation Army today for exceptionally
'meritorious and distinguished service.
Ufl
Spirit Demonstrated at Concert
on Departure Was Evincing
of Unanimity of Local People
in Enterprise.
PENSACOLIANS WILL
PLAY TRUMP CARD
Florida Purchase Commission
Will Be Shown This City Has
Not Only the Spirit But Fi
nancial Arrangements as Well
Pensacola's special train load of
Centennial Boosters left for Tallahas
see at 8:30 o'clock last night. Before
leaving a concert was held and hun
dreds of people, friends of the dele
gates and centennial boosters, saw the
special on its wy. The train left
from the L. & N. .station on time
'midst the cheering of the happy and
hopeful throng.
John Frenkel spent a half hour be
fore the train started, teaching t all
hands to sing "Pensacola Town." The
Fort Barrancas band mn.rl tn trin
with the delegates and gave a concert
before the train pulled out.
There was all kinds of enthusiasm
In evidence and Pensacola workers
felt confident of annexing the centen
nial. Pensacola has one strong card to
play today. Under the laws of the
State of Florida, no municipality can
issue bonds without a special author
izing act from the legislature. Jack
sonville therefore has no way to raise
money-except by taxation, which will
bring an undue strain on the tax pay
ers. Pensacola is prepared to sell bonds,
a special act of the legislature, giving
her authority to sell $1,000,000 for the
purpose of a centennial.
A full discussion of all the aspects
of the case by centennial workers last ,
night gave the impression that if Pen
sacola does not get the big centennial
today it will be because there Is some
thing wrong in Denmark.
- Following were among the local
business and professional men on the
train who are determined to land the
big show enterprise: J. H. Collins, Leo
Fabisinskl, Everlasting Fabrics Co,
Bennie Landrum. Isis Theatre by John
nie Jones, Pensacola Electric Company
by J. A. Holtzclaw, Consolidated Gro
cery Company, Pensacola Crockery &
Dry Goods Company by Ike Hirsch
man. White & White. Oentry-Strick-
W.HU company, Harry w. Thompson,
w . xi. ivilDee. JVfarntnn JB. r,,t i...
ler music House, Elebash Jewelry
Company, Fisher-Brown Insurance
Mumo, iUl
AKency. Angeio Griffin, D. S. Oppen
heimer. Child Restaurant, M. L. Roch
& Son, H. M. Ban- Boiler Works, J. E
?aar"W T-J160' Baa. E. R. Malonej
John H. Cross. Vasso & Company.
Pensacola Evening News, Mayes
Printing Company, Central Garage by
Fred Schad, .Rox Crowley, Palace Cafe.
xeoaujt, A. Henry White
rr0iners, u. It ayi A p Wlck
cv;ann ,Alre Repair Company.
Ready-to-Wear, Balkcom Drug Com
pany, George Emanuel. Meharg &
Testman. San Carlos Hotel Company.
The John White Store. Pensacola
Bulck Company, M. & O. Clothing
Store, Sol Cahn & Company, John Sl
derls & Company. M. G. Forche'mcr
& Company. L. E. Nobles & Company.
Victor Bokas, Dr. J. C. Baldwin, W E
Lazelle, George P. Wentworth. W M
ii. S,P,nk,e. Peter Llndenstruth
Chero-Cola Bottling Works, Hyeia
Bottling Works. Albert Klein, LaSiode
rfh- n ComPy. Charle,
LIberis. B. & B. Fruit Store. B. & B
Cafe, W. C. Difflnderfer. J. O. "Walker
nVH,nr,Ch8' CUy cni!ssIoner:
John B. Jones, city attorney; Ray
Hardware Company, Levy & Hallmark
Riverside Cafe. B. C. Duval. SouThern
Yacht Club. Lime-Cola Bottling Com.
SEE IThM-we,bster-4The
Brother ft r n Agncy- "arrison
SSrtir' ?h ?rT?, 'Phased 3
tickets), The Lewis Bear Company
5S ',c
NO AGREEMENT IN
SOVIET BLOCKADE
MADE BY GERMANY
Berlin, Oct. 19. Contrary to reports
from London and Paris. Germany has
not yet replied to the note from the
entente urging a common blockade of
savlet Russia, according to official
inTormation today by the Associated
Press. The statement was made that
the German cabinet had not yet taken
up the- subject for serious deliberation.

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