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DAILY WEEKLY SUNDAY
Journal Publishing Company LOT It. MATES. President. . WAYNE) THOMAS. Vlce-fresldent Mn. HOWARD UCE UATF.3. Becretary and Trwiuw Conducted from 1891 to IBIS TTnder t Editorship and liana rment of Col- Frank 1 Mayem. - MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS America Newspaper Publisher Association Florida irM Association. Bootnern Newspaper Publishers' Association SUBSCRIPTION RATK3 m On Week, Dally and Sunday (wo weex-a, iiiy ana eunaay - .ne iontri, piny and sunaay ............. Three Month. Pally and Sunday .. Fix Mentha. Dally and Sunday 23 I'M Tear. Daily and Sunday indy Only. One Tear The Weekly Journal. One Tear Mall subscriptions are payable in advance .eo 19 1 t BVSINRFS OFFICE PHONES Prta. and Mar. 1S01 Advertising micr. i Office: Journal BMf.. EDITORIAL DEVT. sCZ&S PHONES Ifanaetn Editor 3S Society Editor Cor. Intendonela and DeLuna St The Associated Press le exclusively entitled te tne use for republication of aO new credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper and also to local newa Publlrhed. ' Entered as second class matter at the potcTlce n Ptnsacola, Fla. under Act of Congress. March 4. Represented in the General Advertising Field by CONK. LORENZKN & WOODMAN New York. Chicago. Detroit. Kansas City. Atlanta. PENSACOLA. FLA, FRIDAY. OCT. 24. 1919. THAT SILVER PLATTER Declaring that Pensacola by her active campaign has given herself much favorable advertising, and has shown that she Is aformldable candidate, and has given Jacksonville and the eastern portion of Florida the scare of their lives, The St. Augustine Record Is calling upon peninsular Florida to make an eleventh hour stand for the centennial. In a last rally cry. the Record says: "Pensacola is making a hard and determined fight for the world's fair and unless the counties of the east coast and central Florida rally to the support of Jackson ville there Is. a strong probability that Pensacola Will land the big fair." In its issue of the sixteenth, the Record says; West Florida has shown that it has some' energy, that it Is awake and that It can do big things in a big way. Pensacola Is ambitious and that is always admirable. Pensacola thinks she can handle the centennial; of course she can't, but she has made herself believe she can." The Record, after .complimenting Pensacola and West Florida says, in another column: "We sin cerely trust that Jacksonville, which rose from her slumbers less than a week ago (while her rival has waged a vigorous campaign for months) will win." The reasons the Record gives for backing Jack sonville, however, are not convincing. The Record says: "St. Augustine people who visited the world's fairs at Chicago. St. Louis and San Francisco will appre ciate what an exposition of this kind means to Florida. They will also appreciate the value of the proposed centennial exposition to St. Augustine, if it is located in Jacksonville. Next" to Jacksonville, this.clty will profit most." The Record declares that it could give one hun dred and five reasons for the location of the fair in Jacksonville, but so far neither the Record nor the Jacksonville Metropolis have given one sound reason, based on any just claim. - Here are the reasons which have been brought forward, so far, for holding the centennial in Jack sonville. First because Jacksonville and St. Augus tine want it held there. Jacksonville claims (1) that the exposition would push Jacksonville twenty-five years ahead of Its present status; (2) that it will draw hundreds of thousands of people to Jackson ville to spend from several days to months, during the life of the exposition; (3) that during the months of preparation for the centennial, Jackson ville will enjoy an era of prosperity which will be of tremendous benefit to that city; (4) that for every dollar expended ten dollars will return to Jackson ville for her expenditure: (5) that Jacksonville will .receive hundreds of thousands of columns of adver tising, in newspapers and magazines, if the centen nial Is held in that city; (6) that Jacksonville is nearer the centre of the state than Pensacola; (7) has more railroads; (8) better dockinjr facilities. Pensacola based its ' claims not on the fact that the centennial will help Pensacola. but that it will be or oenem to the entire state, of which West Klor Ida is an important part; (2) that in the past this section has not received the recognition that it has deserved, and that the centennial would help the j ueui mat u owes to this part of rionaa, so long overlooked; (3) t5at the centennial idea was conceived in Pensacola; (4) that it was mu-oauced into the state legislature by a Pensa collan; (5) that through special act of the legisla ture this city has already been empowered to sell one million dollars worth of bonds for the mirrwM, of holding the centennial in this city; (6) that the centennial is designed to commemorate historical events that were enacted on Pensacola soil; (7) that Pensacola. with four railroads-and State Highway Number One, In addition to water transportation. can take care of any crowd Jacksonville could pos "I,,u"f. yt mat me aocKs and terminals of Pensacola are not only far superior to those of Jacksonville, but are acknowledged to be the best south of Newport News; (9 that Pensacola is nearer the center of population of the United States than any other city in Florida; (10) that Pensacola is nearer the Panama canal and therefore more acces si Die to ija tin -America and the countries of the Orient than any other city in Florida, with deep water facilities; (11) that Pensacola is the only city In Florida that could possibly stage a great naval carnival, which would be an attraction of unequalled value; (12) that holding the centennial In Pensacola would mean the advertising of the entire state, for not only could this city offer unsurpassed advan tages for staging the exposition, but those who vis ited the great show and then continued on their way to south Florida, would have seen practically all of the state, and not Just one section of Florida: (13) that Jacksonville and St. Augustine have, openly ac knowledged that they hnve slept on the Job; (14) and they have openly warned! the people of the state that Pensacola has been fighting for its rights for months, and that unless Jacksonville comes In at the eleventh hour and takes it away from us we will get what we have worked for; (15) that Jack onville has never claimed any right to the centen Blal. but has attempted to take it through superior numbers and wealth; (18) that In spite of the fact that Jacksonville Is so superior In numbers to Pen sacola. that city sent a delegation over to Tallahas see that did not com para In numerical strength with she Pensacola delegation, proving conclusively that the Jacksonville bunch are not on their Job; (17) , that In spite of the claim of Jacksonville to superior wealth, so far the people of that city have been un able to take up the state fair bonds; that the only means they have for financing the centennial is through" direct taxation and popular subscription; (18) that It will not be possible for Jacksonville to bond, without special act of legislature, which the law-makers of Florida would never stand for, as they have already passed legislation empowering this city to bond; (19) that Pensacola, at thla pres ent moment, has nearly one and a quarter million dollars at her command for the centennial, and therefore this would not only be the most logical place but the most economical place to hold the world's fair; (20) and that, furthermore, Pensacola relies upon the fairmlndedness of the men of "the commission, who do not represent private interests or certain municipalities, but the sentiment of the 'people of the state, which, after acknowledging that Pensacola has worked with unfailing determination and courage for what Is hers by every right, will most assuredly not hand the centennial over to Jack sonville. on "the silver platter. 'of which the Jack sonville Metropolis has boasted. PULL FOR PENSACOLA Within the past ten days three Important develop ment projects have been launched, the sale of the G. F. and A., and Its reorganization as the Gulf, Pensacola and Northern Railroad Company; the sale of the Gulf, Florida and Alabama railroad, and Its reorenization as the Andalusia. Florida and Gulf Rahroad; and the issuance of bonds in the sum of $500,000 for the Gulf Ports Terminal Railway Com pany, with the backing of the Pensacola Chamber of Commerce. Each of tfeese movements Is of great Importance to the development of Pensacola and West Florida, and clearly indicate that it is a question of months rather than years, when West Florida will have railroad facilities which will compare favorably with those of any section of the state, and which will open up territory as yet practically undeveloped. There are at this time approximately 5,000 miles of railway in Florida, On every ton of freight destined for Pensacola and all other Florida points-origi nating west of the Mississippi, south of Memphis, transportation charges for 44 -miles of unnecessary rail haul are now paid. This . fact was clearly brought out at the meeting of the Chamber of Com merce on Wednesday afternoon, when President Mc Laughlin. of the Gulf Ports Terminal Railway Com pany appeared before the commercial body outlining a proposition for issuing bonds, to make the comple tlon of this railroad a certainty. It was pointed out at this meeting that if the citizens of Pensacola back the Gulf Ports Terminals Railway Company, to the extent of becoming part ners In the undertaking, through the purchase of bonds, the sixty miles of railway may be kept as an independent line, to be operated in the interest of Pensacola, eventually bringing four new lines to this port. Pensacola should give to every legitimate railroad enterprise at this time the combined backing "of its citizens. With the Louisville and Nashville, the Gulf, Pensacola and Northern, the Gulf Ports Ter minals, andMhe line Just bought by Mobile interests, known as the Andalusia, Florida and Gulf, which will act as a feeder to this port, Pensacola and West Florida would have rail facilities which, together with the terminals in operation and contemplated, would place this port in the very front rank. Many railroads have been projected in Pensacola In the past, and have been sunk in oblivion, swal lowed up by private interests. This may in a meas ure be explained by the fact that in the past Pen sacola had to go out In search of capital today cap ltal is setting steadily towards this port, looking for opportunity for Investment. It is not too much to say that outside the port of New Orleans, which now ranks second only to New York, Pensacola is the most important port in the south. Had Pensacola had these railroad facilities one year ago, it is possible this port might have ri valed New Orleans. -" ' " New Orleans does not compare with this port In Its natural advantages. Situated 110 miles from the mouth of the Mississippi river, a ship that cargoes there is 24 hours from the open sea. Pensacola, sit uated on a harbor which is the widest and deepest and best land-locked in the south, and nearer than any other port to the Panama canal, offers oppor tunlties that no other port in the country possesses. . Situated as .we are on the open sea. and contagi ous to the rich territory of 'Alabama and Tennessee, with their valuable coal and steel, we present to the world a site unequalled not only for export and 1m port, but as a location for manufacturing interests, -The growth of Pensacola has not been spectacular, But it has been sound and' its progress has been because of what It has had to offer to investors, rather than for its exploitation by promoters. The concentration at this port of various development enterprises is merely recognition of the fact that the port of Pensacola is necessary to the development of the trade of the United States. It is natural, then, that at this time railroad, interests should look to this port as an outlet. The tide of world trade has turned. ' Today the United States is looking to the ports of the' south, particularly v to the ports of the Gulf, for important trade routes. This is not through any boom or boosting' or fictitious values, but because the United Walt Masdris Daily Poem MAIDENS FAIR' " In old time books the damsels swooned whene'er they had occasion; and when with loving knights they spooned, it was with shy evasion. They were such coy and modest things, as hoar romance dls closes, that if you spoke of wedding rings they'd blush to beat the roses. J . They languished in their virgin bowers, embroidering, crocheting, or spent the long and luscious hours the spinet softly playing. They all were known as "females" then, the maid and wife and widdy and when girls looked on bearded men, it made them pale and giddy. But times have changed; no more we meet the girls of Scott and Cooper; but In the modern tale we meet the woman known as "super." She doesn't care a picayune for dilcimer or needle; you couldn't coax this girl to swoon, hd- odds how much you wheedle. To her the old time arts are vain, and old traditions phoney; she goes up In a monoplane, or rides a bucking pony. She's struck our fiction with a rush, and when a yarn Is finished, it is the bearded men who blush and hide their heads diminished. I know it's treason, if not rot, but, tired of women "super," I long for blushing belles of Scott, and swooning girls of Cooper. Copyright by Geoge Matthew Adams. ' .. - THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, FRIDAY, States, In building up Its merchant marine. Is look ing to trade south of us, and the ports of the Gulf are nearest to that trade. With Pensacola the nearest on the Gulf, with the harbor here the best In the world, and with a public pirit that is unequalled anywhere In Florida, Pen sacola today has greater potentialities than any other port In this country. The fact that these possibilities have been latent here, but unutilized, while In a way retarding the growth of this section, have rendered Its future aU the brighter. - Pensacola will go forward with some mistakes to correct, but fewer than most port si The equipment that will be put In her. win be the most modern; the improvements will be of the best; and the port, within a decade can rank any port in the south.-- ... But Pensacola Is at crucial hour. There has never been a time In all Its history when lY was so neces sary for private gain to be set aside for public weal It behooves every man to stand shoulder to shoul der; ; to work with an open mind; to give of the best that is in him; and to have faith in himself. In his town and in bis townsmen, if we are to reach the plane of development that is ours by every natural right. ." - .. ' , , ' Florida Press Opinion Jacksonville and St. Augustine , on the Centennial St. Auflusine Boosting for Jacksonville. St. Augustine people who visited the world's fairs at Chicago, St. Louis and San Francisco will appre ciate what an exposition of this kind means to Florida. They will also appreciate the- value of the proposed centennial exposition to St. Augusine if it is located in Jacksonville. Next to Jacksonville this city will profit most, as nearly all who visit Jack sonville will run over to see the Ancient City and in addition to this the overflow from Jacksonville will come here, this being the nearest city to "the state metropolis. But St.' Augustine will not be the only beneficiary, for the whole peninsular will be crowded with people who are attracted to Florida by the exposition. Many will tour the entire state while others will desire to reman at some resort after viewing the attractions at the big fair. West Florida will ' benefit as much as east Florida, as Jacksonville is a central distributing point for the entire state. However, If the exposition goes to Pensacola the east coast of Florida will receive very little benefit from it, as Alabama and Louisiana cities will take advantage of the opportunity to draw the crowds westward, Pensacola being just across the- state line from Alabama. The exposition is for the purpose of drawing people to Florida and should be located in the heart of the state. s. Pensacola is making a hard and determined fight for the world's fair and unless the counties of the east coast and centralFlorida rally to the support of Jacksonville there Is a strong probability that Pen sacola will land the big fair. Of all counties on the East Coast St. Johns is most vitally interested and should work shoulder to shoulder with Jacksonville. Volusia, Flagler, Brevard, St. Lucie, Palm Beach, Boward, , Dade and all counties of the peninsular should give their loyal support to Jacksonville vin order that the state may as a whole derive the full benefit from the exposition. Tomorrow nlerht a meeting will be held In the plaza for the purpose of stimulating interest In the exposition and pledging the support of St. Augustine to our neighbor to the north. It is essential that the meeting be well attended as evidence of our sup port of Jacksonville, therefore the people of this city are urged to sidetrack all other engagements for this nrca)lon and be at the nlaza at 8 o'clock to hear the addresses of the Jacksonville speakers. St. Au gustine Record. ( v When Will Jacksonville Do All This? Jacksonville will offer the centennial commission a definite, concrete proposition. Jacksonville will offer the commission a pledge to present the expo sition on a scale of true magnificence . Jacksonville will go after the expositi6n with the true Jackson ville epirit, the city solidly behind the movement, the council and the board of county commissioners pledged to aid it In every possible way toward sue cess. ..- - " " l " Jacksonville wants this exposition. Florida wants Jacksonville to have it. Jacksonville Is in a position to present such an ex nositlon fittingly and properly. Florida "' realized this fully and is standing back of Jacksonville's ef forts In this direction. , Jacksonville is a cosmopoli tan city, modern in every respect, well prepared to handle an event of such size and character. Jacksonville is the Gateway to Florida. .Pensacola Is far removed from the center of pop ulation In the state, Is inaccessible to the majority of Florida and Is on the very borders of Alabama. In fact, Pensacola is so closely allied to Alabama in terests and enterprises that until a very short time ago, when the centennial effort became paramount in that city, there was a well defined and more or less concerted movement in that section of the state to annex West Florida to Alabama. Jacksonville can and will, if given the opportunity, present a real, befitting, creditable exposition that will be fittingly Floridian In character. Jacksonville pledge herself to do this. v- And Jacksonville will not falL Jacksonville Me tropolis. - ' Can Do Big Things 5n Big Way. On Monday the Florida Purchase Centennial Com mission will meet In Tallahassee to decide whether Jacksonville " or Pensacola will be - the site of the world's fair for the holding of which the last legis lature liberally appropriated. If Pensacola loses she will win. And the chances are she will lose. Pensacola by her active campaign has given her self much favorable advertising. She has shown that she can be a formidable candidate. She has given Jacksonville and the peninsular portion of Florida the scare of their lives. West Florida has shown that it has some energy, that it is awake and that it can do big things in a big way. Pensacola Is am bitious and that Is always admirable. Pensacola thinks she can handle the centennial; of course she can't but she has made herself believe she can. All of the energy and money that Pensacola has put forth to land the exposition has been well spent and she should have no regret at losing this particular show. " .' . " : On the other hand, if Pensacola should win. she would lose, because to make an utter failure of a thing especially the entertaining of visitors within your gates does a town untold damage. So" Pensa cola. in truth, wins if she loses. St. Augustine Rec ord. : OCTOBER, 24, 1919. THE CHEERFUL CHERUB WHerv I -mtw Teeling rY&.ppy rVbw $6 very qviet ' I must Keep Or I'll recall my woe vomits It feels liKe when my Poot asleep. 'v - 1914 : Germans fight way across Yser Ca nal near Dixmude; Allies repulse at tacks at Nieuport; French warship bombards Ostend Russian armies operate beyond 'the Vistula; retreat ing German reported withdrawn to Skierniewice 41 miles from Warsaw. 1915 Bulgars take Uskub completely Iso lating the main Serbian army Austro Germans cross the Danube near the Rumanian frontier Arrest German Lieutenant in New York with ex plosives to blow up ships leaving New York. 1916 Von Mackensen's success In Ru mania continues; invading forces take ere They Dogfish? Ernest had, a day off, and when he returned to the ehop . the following morning his friends wanted to know why he looked so disgruntled. "Everything went wrong!' ho grumbled. How was that?" one asked. "Ever go fishing with a girl?" "Once." "Did she protest against hurting the fish?" "No. She said she" was sure they were perfectly happy, because they were all wagging their talis. " Boston Post. . ing: well above 90 degrees on several days, rivaling previous October rec ords. ' . Precipitation: The week's rain was much less than the normal, except locally over small areas in the several divisions, where it was sufficient for all requirements. Asa rule rain is needed overfall divisions, especially on high lands, where cane would be bene fited very much. Quite a number of stations received no rain during the week. The greatest amounts fell on the southeast coast. The following - Suspicious. , Patience Tou know how he just cried fori Joy. Why, tears were run ning down his cheeks and down mine, too Patrice Well, all I have to say Is you must have been pretty close to him to have" his tears run down your cheeks. Houston Post. Compensation. "Food is very high." KJheer up That engagement ring your husband gave you ten years ago has doubled in value. Louisville Courier-Journal. totals "are noted: Miami, 2.8; Oxford. 1.0; Titusville, 1.4 Condition of general rains was very favorable for harvesting corn, peanuts and hay. , ; Proper Way. , "How did Jims do with, his new broom factory?" "It is sweeping "everything .before it." Baltimore American. . Most of the corn crop has been gath ered, and very little of the cotton crop remains to be picked; : it is the Odd Items From verywhere. J' New freight cars 'are being placed in, service by the railroad administra tion at the rate of, 834 a day. Fifty years ago Enoch Thompson left his home in Taylor, Penn, to go to Stafford, Kansas. He was interested at the time in Miss Anna Smiley, of Taylor, but he did not see her again until this summer, when he visited his old home. The two have Just been married in Kansas City. ; , - At the Grand Army encampment at Columbus there was a meeting of two Ohio born brothers, soldiers of the civil war, who had not eeen each other for 49 years. WEATHER AND CROP REPORT MADE PUBLIC Grape Fruit Is Beginning " to Move Harvest Conditions Good, , The weather and crop report for, the week ending October 21, shows the rainfall to be less than normal at this time of -the year. Harvesting condi tions are good as a consequence but all crops are beginning to need mols ture. The grape fruit crop will be good and in some instances shipments have commenced. The report for the week follows: Temperature: The v temperature averaged from 3 degrees to 7 -degrees above the seasonal, the maximum be ALLIES (Clip and paste this in your scrap book) Copyright 1919. New Era Features. WHAT HAPPENED OCT. 24: two more towns . and 6,700 prisoners . retreating forces in confusion. 1917.' French consolidate . gains on Alsne front Germans break , Italian lines; attack successful on Bainslzza Pla teau, at. Tolmlno and Flltsch, begin ning big counter-drive into Italy. .1918 Americans advance on both side of the Meuse; gain one kilometer oh 3 kilometer front despite desperate re sistance British again push forward ; Germans forced back on whole front between the Sambre and the Scheldt; tighten their . grip, on Valenciennes Ex-President Roosevelt assails Presi dent Wilson's 14 . points in telegram to Senator Lodge. shortest crop for several decades. The cane crop' Improved very much dur ing the last few weeks, and the longer frost is delayed the greater will be the crop . some cane has been cut for syrup making, but no material part has left the fields. Tomatoes, egg plants, cucumbers, and other truck are being shipped from southern coun ties. Rain would benefit all truck and fruits, except on low lands. Some grape fruit is dropping, but the crop, as a whole will be good; shipments are being made, but the fruit Is not mature. Seed beds are being cared for and the setting of plants continues, especially In the south and south central counties. Mean temperature during the week; Jacksonville, 76 de grees; Miami, 80 degrees; Key West, 82 degrees; Pensacola, 74 degrees; Tampa, 80 degrees. Ft. Lauderdale, 3.8; Davie, 3.4; Ocala, 3.8; Pinellas Park, l.l, and inches. Crops: The absence of -DAytlNilSTOiy " - . ' . The FrercW' icirs - iW IVa.'ALT' Three years ago today, October 24, 1916, the French penetrated the Uerman lines at Verdun, and won back the fort and village of Douau- mont - Find another prisoner. , ,,. , Answer to yesterday's puzzle: Right side down, eye hit hai;d. V.