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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, October 25, 1919, Image 1

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Florida weather.
Read the Real Estate Advts.
in today's Journal. To sell or rent
Tral showers Saturday, and
f.w Sunday, cooler interior
advertise in The Jour
nal. The JoTmiaihas been the lead
ing Real Estate medium in West
Florida for over 20 years.
5a fresh south winds.
1 II I II II I! Ill II' 1 1 1 . M SJ9uo- u 1 ' IIS
H MAS H H M B B m V a M k W " W
imerican Association Coal Deal
ers Pledge Efforts to Prevent
Any Increase In Price As Re
sult of Strike.
President Lewis of Miners An
nounced Last Night After
Conference That Strike Will
Go Into Effect Nov. 1.
Washington. Oct. 24. Efforts of
Secretary Wilson to avert a strike of
rift coal miners iauea wnigni, wiieu
ainers rejected the proposal from
President Wilson that controversies
he arbitrated. Operators previ
ously had accepted the proposal after
i miners' rejection of a conference.
The two scale committees here were
idjourned with every prospect that a
rnke would take place on November
President Lewis, of the miners, an-
sounced after the break-up of the
inference the strike would go into
effect November 1. -
Coal dealers represented in the
American wholesale coal, association.
ni doing an annual business of a
undred million tons in the principal
ities of the country, pledged their
ftorts today to prevent any increase'
j the price of coal as a result of the
spending strike, or after such strike
t called.
The association recommended to
innan. Frelinphuysen, and ,members
if the senate committee investigating
al prices that to insure coal for pub
x utilities, including tho railroads,
a event of a strike, the war de part
sent will be asked to put the draft
aw into operation to supply mines
ith workers.
Final appeal was made to Presi-
wnt Wilson today to prevent the
trike after miners and operators,
meeting Jointly with Secretary Wil-
'm, had turned down two propositions
5 negotiate a new wage agreement.
While on the point of breaking up.
he two groups, heeding the plea of
secretary Wilson, agreed to return at
o'clock this afternoon to receive a
".ssage the secretary hoped to bring
"om the president.
Both sides rejected the new wage
roposal. Mr. "Wilson then pleaded
ith leaders not to break up, but to
-nurn at 4 o'clock, stating that mean
while he would get in touch with the
Thite House. The meeting was held
'"tether with the two groups dls-
1 cased separately what course thev
oi'.d take.
The operators would not accept be-
ause the miners refused to withdraw
e strike order, and Mr. "Wilson then
me forward with still another pro-
josal for settlement on which both
des immediately went to work. -
This provided for a straight increase
p! 15 cents a ton for picked mining
th an increase in the same ratio for
machines and other classes of labor.
"e proposal also provided that there
should be an eight-hour day, "from
ank t0 bank." and a half holiday on
aturJay, the agreement to be ef
uve November 1 and to continue
tatil March 31. 1922.
Some of the miners indicated that
" Wilson's proposal would not be
t:sfaetory, saying that they had been
r'-"t'meel th nivratnra had boon vil.
s to grant an increase greater than
Per cent, the rate in the secretary's
t Coming out of the meeting John I
'ir'if 9 A 1 1 -1 .
The outlook is less hopeful than
s- ":'ht. We are returning to hear
the president and the secretary
"t say, but there seems little
Unra . .
vi. ruaenms an agreement.
crtury "Wilson refused to express
2 on- ..
p:nion as to the hope of averting
Strike throue-h meil it Inn. TT ma
-hiy worried and hurried awnv tn
"Sj Ml...
officials before pro-
to the White House. Some
fcrs of the miners' group said the
lP" had about ertma and tVn
' directed to start for home to---'..-.ton.
W. Va., Oct. 24. Gov-
to t CornWe11 today sent a message
ed Mine Workers of America, Un
,'ch h" barged that a second armed
"1'-,n of the Guyan valley coal lis-
' "as being planned by the miners
yae cabin Creek coal section."
covt rnor also charged arms ajid
5ur,:tK',a had been distributed
k;fn?.th,e minrs and there had been
''!i:k of shooting public oficials
k:s control of the government.
Mine Workers' President As
serts Wages Are Too Low to
Equal the High Cost of Liv
ing. R InMN .1. I FWIfi.
. , -
Figures officially collected show that
the ( average income for the Illinois
mine 'workers for 1918 was $1,434; for
Indiana mine workers, $1,400; for Ohio
mine workers, $1,250, and for Western
Pennsylvania mine workers, $1,200.
The output of coal in 1918 was the
largest in the history of the coal in
dustry, and the miners worked more
days that year and produced more coal
per man than ever before; therefore,
the wages which they earned in 1918
represent the extreme peak of their
earning records.
These figures should be a complete
answer to the statement of the op
erators that the coal miners of the
country have enjoyed enormous in
comes. -
State and government statistics for
the years from 1913 to 1919 show also
that the average incomes of the mine
workers' lii" these " four" states " for all
of . those years, was approximately as
follows: Illinois, $800 to $850; Indiana,
$800; Ohio, $700; Western Pennsyl
vania, $700.
The government recently issued a
bulletin from the bureau of statistics
ot the Department of Labor in which
it was stated that after a careful and
exhaustive survey of the country the
bureau had concluded that the average
American family of four required an
income of $2,500 a year in order to
maintain a decent standard of living.
We contend that the wages of the
miners under the Washington agree
ment would not permit the miner to
give his family the kind of living that
it is entitled to. We cite these facts
in order that the public may know ex
actly the reason why the miners de
cline to continue to work under the
Washington agreement until March 31,
That the public is about to be goug
ed by coal operators because of the
coming strike of miners is evident from
statements credited to operators and
published in the newspapers. Some are
quoted as saying the price of coal will
rise one dollar on the ton by the end
of the week.
The public has a right to know that
there is no reason in the world why
the price of coal should advance at
this time except that some one wishes
to make an enormous profit.
Any concern that Increases tho p.-ice
of coal to the consumer at this t"rr.e
is a plain every-day profiteer, and if
there is any way under the law by
which profiteers may be prescuted, the
profiteer who seeks to gouge the pub
lic by advancing coal prices at this
time merits the undivided attention of
the authorities.
- The strike that has been called by
the United Mine Workers does not
take effect until November first, and
there will be no suspension of work
until that date. Therefore, there will
be no interruption of coal production
before November first.
Coal operators never made as much
money in their lives as they have made
in the past two years, and yet they
come forth now with a statement that
the price of coal is to be advanced an
other dollar per ton.
Washington. Oct. 24 Portugal has
made no concessions in the Azores
for a United States naval base, Sec
retary Daniels said today, commenting
on news from Europe.
Norfolk. Va, Oct. 24. A northwest
storm with rain and mist, today held
up the two navy planes bound from
Pensacola to Long Island in an en
durance test. One was forced to re
turn here yesterday and the other re
turned today from Ocean City, Mary
land. They will hop off as soon- as
Observers See in Action of Great
Labor Leader Greatest Indus
trial Battle in History Im
Heads of Hundred and Twelve
International Unions to Dis
cuss Present and Impending
Capital-Labor Disputes.
Washington, Oct. 24. What may
prove one of the greatest industrial
battles in history is believed by some
observers to.be forecasted by the an
nouncement today of Samuel Gompers
that a conference of the heads of a
hundred and twelve international
unions affiliated with the American
Federation of Labor will be held here
soon to discuss present and impend
ing disputes. "
Co-operation of the four railroad
brotherhoods, farmers and Canadian
labor will probably " be sought it was
This was disclosed today in the fol
lowing telegram sent by Samuel Gom
pers, president of the federation, to
the Illinois state federation of labor
In session at Peoria: .
"Executive council American Fed
eration of .Labor, ..before its adjourn
ment Tuesday evening, adopted a
declaration calling for a conference to
be ''field ""in ' -"-Washington at an'earry
date , to deal with several of the sub
jects contained in your message."
. The Illinois federation had asked
that a special convention of the
American Federation be held here for
the purpose of perfecting an alliance
of the international unions of the
United States and Canada, "more ef
fectively to fight out the life and
death struggles of the workers now in
The date for the conference author
ized by the executive council has not
yet been determined.
Washington, Oct. 24. Plans of the
government to deport a majority of
the enemy aliens still in custody, with
their dependents, was disclosed today
in a letter from Attorney General Pal
mer to Chairman Colt of the senate
Immigration committee urging early
action on the house bill empowering
the secretary of labor to repatriate en
emy aliens and aliens convicted of vio
lations of certain specified statutes.
Washington,, Oct. 24. Denial of a
seat in the house to Representative
Bergerof Milwaukee, socialist, who is
under conviction for violat'on of the
espionage law, was recommended to
day by a special house committee.
Representative Rodenburg, republican,
of Illinois, filed a minority report,
recommending delay pending Berger's
appeal. '
Fiume, Oct. 24. (By the A. P.) A
lively movement of allied warcraft sta
tioned in Adriatic ports is in progress.
The United States destroyer Foote,
which has been stationed here, has
been ordered to Spalato and has left
for that Dalmatian port. Similar
movements of British and French war
craft are occurring.
The Associated Press correspondent
was informed by an American naval
commander that the movement prob
ably was connected with the Fiume
New Tork, Oct. 24. Protests against
smoking by women caused an uproar
at the international conference - of
women physicians here today. An el
derly American woman, physician
sought a resolution in favor of aboli
tion of the use of tobacco. Dissent
was prompt, vigorous and in a. variety
of languages The antia left the room.
Boston, Oct. 24. Asserting that
nineteen . out of every, hundred
men . both - in the wholesale and
- retail business are taking . only
; a fair profit. Attorney . General
Palmer in an address here today,
announced the department of
justice's policy of asking honest
business men to enforce the laws
against profiteering so as to
avoid public scorn which will
come to them as a class if they
; do not drive out every man who
charges unjust, and unreasonable
profit. - '
. Speaking at a cost of living
conference. Palmer demanded an
ending of the vicious cycle of
: higher wages and higher prices
, and . urged increased production,
saying that idleness is a sin in
this emergency and said the de-
. , partment of justice is- making
every effort to punish profiteer-
: ing. ' ; . - "
Kanawha County Coal Workers
Plan March to Guyon Valley
Fields to Force Organization
of Union There. .
Charleston, W. Va., Oct. 24. From
three to five thousand coal miners of
Kanawha county. West Virginia, held
a conference here tonight on first or
ganizing the Guyon Valley coal fields
in Logan county before November 1.
According to reports from Governor
Corn well's office, many of the miners
participating were well armed. The
governor's reports indicated the possi
bilities of a march to Guyan - Valley
similar to the one attempted recently.
was discussed at the conference.
Louisville, Ky.7 Oct, 2fi Orders "have
been received at Camp Zachery Taylor
from the war department, it was learn
ed today to hold four provisional bat
talions of infantry and machine gun
ners of the famous First division ready
for riot and strike duty.
The battalions will number 2,500
Colonel Peabody, chief of staff,. Is
quoted as having said no actual en
training order had been received, but
the order to hold the troops in readi
ness indicated the battalions might be
sent to West Virginia and Pennsyl
vania. .
Washington, Oct. 24. War depart
ment officials said today they had sent
no orders to Camp Taylor. Louisville,
Ky., for holding of troops there In
readiness for riot and strike duty. It
was suggested that if any orders had
been received at the camp they were
issued by Major General Wood, com
manding the central department, with
headquarters at Chicago. .
Pensacola people have been quick
to take advantage of the opportunity
offered by Lieut. Arthur Whltted for
flights above the city and Pensacola
harbor in his new F-type flying boat.
The "Blue Bird." as the ship , is
called, from the deep blue color It is
painted, was seen yesterday in nearly
a score of flights. At the height, of
from one thousand to fifteen hundred
feet, the city, waterfront, shipyard.
Bayou Chico and Texar are unrolled
in a fascinating map that will impress
any beholder with a wonderful idea
of the attractions of Pensacola and
Its environs. Just now with the flo
tilla of destroyers in the harbor an
added feature is given to the flights.
The many ships flying at the naval
air station are not permitted to take
up civilian passengers and Lieut.
Whitted's enterprise is heartily wel
corned in affording those who desire
the sensation of getting a real bird's
eye view of Pensacola,
While Lieut. Whitted has had sev
eral years of flying experience in near
ly all types of machines he attempts
no "stunts" with passengers and he Is
rated as one of the best and safest
pilots in the service.
Among those, who have gone up In
the "Blue Bird" in the first two days
she has flown are: F. C. Brent, Mrs.
J. A. Whitted, W. E. King. J. M. Mul-
don, Jrv Wayne Thomas, W. P. Pinke,
A. G. Runyan, Mrs. Cora B. Warren,
J. E. Kinney, A. P. Ward, Miss Bessie
Kelly, Miss Belle .Brent. Randall Bell.
A. D. - Burdett. Don McLellan. Will
Brownson, Brent Watson, Thomas
Watson, E. L. Gonzalez, B. J. Clutter
and Mrs. S. C. Colderman.
Steel City Now Under Martial
Law Was Hot Bed of Follow
ers of Lenine, Senate Com
mittee Is Told.
Would-Be Instigators of Revolu
tion Were All Foreigners,
Mostly ; Russians, Witness
Tells Committee.
Washington, Oct. 24. Followers of
Lenine and Trotsky in the steel city
of Gary, Indiana, which is patrolled
by troops as a result of violence dur
ing the steel strike, grew so bold this
summer that they attempted organ
ization of the "Red Guards" with dis
charged soldiers. Lieutenant Donald C.
Van Buren. military intelligence offi
cer, today told the senate labor com
mittee. Lieutenant Van Buren who is on the
staff of Major General Wood in com
mand of the troops at Gary laid be
fore the committee scores of pamph
lets, circulars and propaganda tracts
along with statements of men ar
rested after the military occupation,
to back .up his assertion that the
agitators at Gary were urging the
workers to get ready and get pre
pared to take over the Industries and
the government and run it themselves.
Some of the circulars were signed
by the German-American Citizens
League, which he said would support
any kind of anti-American agitation.
Speaking of efforts to get the agita
tors deported, Van Buren said, "It
seems as if you have to get them with
a bomb in their hands before the im
migrating officials will act."
Oscar E.. Anderson, chairman of the
steel workers council at Gary put up
a staunch challenge to most of Van
Buren's conclusions, saying "that there
are only two hundred and fifty to
three .hundreds Reds at Gary and that
they i don't counts ' -r
U,r"Our "first "in terest'lrt Gary he -said.
"came when Chief of Police Forbis
came to Chicago from that city last
spring with a request for machine
guns and military intervention. He
told us the 'reds' there, were planning
to parade May 4 and start a revolu
tion. Two names were given us as
those of leaders of the anarchist club
at Gary, Ivanoff and de George. They
were Russians or Austrians. De
George was a chemist and we learned
later -that he was operating near the
Aetna explosive works outside of
Gary, where gun cotton was available
from the wastes outside of the mill."
Replying to Chairman Kenyon, Lieu
tenant Van Buren said a report Was
made to the department of Justice,
but so far as he knew there had been
no prosecution. He added that the
two men had left Gary. ,
We ifound in Gary after military
occupation there tremendous quanti
ties of 'red literature," he continued,
explaining that local police and asso
ciations of citizens had prepared the
way for raids on the storage places.
The. bible of the 'red. ' the anarch
ist anA Bolshevist," he .said, "is the
manifesto of the communist party of
Russia put out at what is known as
the 'third international which assem
bled at Moscow in March. Many thou
sand copies of this were in Gary.
Lieutenant Van Buren read extracts
from a booklet . seized at Gary. It
urged - revolution upon all workers in
all lands in the name of the "con
quering proletariat of Russia," and
said "open combat," was the only road
to the redress of alleged grievances.
All the radicals of, the country are
centering on the propaganda of Lenine
and Trotzky, the witness continued.
I call to your attention the fact that
it was printed in - J Chicago by the
Arbiter Zeitung Publishing Company,
which is significant."
'Are there any organizations in
Gary which adopt this program?"
asked Senator Phippe, republican of
"Yes, I have a list of them" said
the witness.
He commenced producing a series
of documents printed in Russian with
names of societies attached and a con
siderable quantity of I. W. W. litera
ture. ,
"How many foreigners are taking
part in this strike at Gary?" asked
Senator McKellar, democrat of Ten
nessee. "
- "1 haven't found an American yet,"
the witness .said, "though some of the
leaders have second naturalization
"Here are some of the productions
of the union of Russian worker,'
Lieutenant Van Buren continued.
"That's a straight " anarchist society.
Here's one of them, entitled 'the
crimes of God," an anti-religious
pamphlet discussing war."
A whole series of tracts and pamph
lets in Russian, put out by the union,
were read into the record.
"Did you get these in houses or
how?" Chairman Kenyon asked.
j "In houses and halls," Van' Buren
replied. "Some times men arrested
(Continued on Page Two.)
Automobile owners who are
willing to devote the use of
their machines to the common
good during the hours of the
morning tour, Monday, from
9:45 to 11 o'clock, are urged to
communicate without further in
vitation, with . Ben Clutter,
chairman. -
Likewise, without additional
urging, motorists who prefer the
joys of the afternoon tour are to
communicate Immediately with
A. T. Barkdull or other mem
bers of the afternoon tour com
mittee. This is a chance to show the
old Pensacola "pep."
Let's go!
Group Representing Public Re
ports to President Wilson That
They Are Unable to Do Use
ful Work.
Washington, Oct. 24. The public
delegation to the national industrial
conference, the remaining group in
conference, adjourned sine die tonight,
bringing to an end that body, which
met October 6 in an effort to estab
lish better industrial relations.
Only one delegate in the group op
posed adjournment. . .. . ;
The: purpose- for ' wfileh -ihe confer
ence was called will be carried out by
a commission of Industrial experts.
The group framed a tentative re
port for submission to President Wil
son outlining the work of the confer-
ence up to the time the representatives
of organized labor withdraw.
The action of the committee was in
line with a suggestion of its chairman
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., who thought
a commission should be created to
deal with industrial problems gen
erally. 4
Edward S. Hurley, former chairman
of the shipping board, who called at
the White House today to inquire as
to the president's health, approved the
stand taken by organized labor in
withdrawing from the conference.
"I do not see how Mr. Gompers
could have done anything different,"
Mr. Hurley said. . "He did the best
thing from his standpoint and prob
ably the best thing for the country.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., chairman
of the committee appointed to deter
mine the future course of the public
representatives said the conference
was bankrupt and urged the appoint
ment of a "commission on unrest," to
take up the work.
Mr. Rockefeller's position was that
the public delegates having partici
pated in the full conference would be
handicapped by unfavorable public
opinion and that an entirely new body
should be created. i
Officials of the American Federa
tion of Labor had been approached
as to their attitude toward the pro
posal that the public group go ahead
with the conference work and they
were understood to have promised co
operation. BOY OFFICER IS
Washington, Oct. 24. Second Lieu
tenant Thornton Waring Eastin, of
Nitro, W, Va., is the youngest commis
sioned oif icer in the army, war depart
ment records show. He was born
March 16, 1902, at Louisville, Ky, and
enlisted at the age of 15 years with
the consent of his parents. Recover
ing from severe wounds received in
action in France, he was commission
ed in the infantry reserve corps, Feb
ruary 1, 1919, six weeks before his 17th
New Tork, Oct. 24. Mayor Hylan
today put New Tork on a daylight sav
ing basis despite congressional repeal
of the national . daylight, saving law.
He announced his official approval of
a new ordinance providing that city
clocks be turned ahead an hour at 2
a. m., on the last Sunday in April, and
turned back on the last Sunday in
"This will save the people of the city
from paying such large gas and elec
tric light bills. the mayor said.
Arrangements Are Being Push
ed by Special Executive Com
mittee of Three Having Un
limited Powers.
Every Provision Will Be Com
pleted Today So That There
May Be ' No Slip-up When
' Honored Guests Arrive.
Pensacola will entertain the Stat
Centennial Commission Monday, the
date having been definitely set by
Chairman Brorein, dtnd announced In
a telegram to Mayor Sanders yesterday.
Complete plans for the meeting have
been arranged by the special executive
committee of three, appointed by
Mayor Sanders. The members of the
special committee axe J. Hobart Cross,
Ben S. Hancock and Leslie Partridge.
They were appointed following a meet
ing of the committee of twenty-five
at the mayor's office yesterday af- r
ternoon and their authority Is un
limited in this matter,- all workers
having agreed to take orders from the
Hon. Peter L. Rosasco, of Milton,
telegraphed last night that the Santa
Rosa county' delegation will come in
force Senator McLeod is one of the
Santa Rosa county men who will be
in the delegation. An extraordinary
meeting of all special committeemen
has been called at the mayor's office
ot 10 o'clock this morning. The meet
ing will be short and is extremely im
portant. All committeemen are urged
to be present
The committee and arrangements
are as follows:
Arrival of Commission.
The arrival is in charge of Ben E.
Clutter, chairman. The commissioners
will arrive at 9:45 and are to be re
ceived at the station by the entire cen
tennial committee, conslsing of the
citizens' centennial committee of one
hundred, city board of centennial com
missioners, the county commissioner
of Escambia county. and all cityvnd
county oft iciala together with all loyal
The Morning Tour.
The morning tour to points of inter
est autos leave depot in the follow
ing order: City Commissioners, Com
missioner Brorein. accompanied by A.
C. Blount and Wayne Thomas; Com
missioner Burgueries, accompanied by
Dr. Renshaw and P. L. Rosasco; Com
missioner McWilliams, accompanied by
Senator John P. Stokes and Senator
McLeod of Santa Rosa county; Com
missioner Logan, accompanied by B.
S. Hancock, Pope Reese and Charles
B. Hervey; Commissioner Jones, ac
companied by John H. Collins and
Felo McAllister.
Centennial boosters will take care
of visitors from Tallahassee and other
points, and county and state officials.
Each loyal Pensacollan is expected to
see to it that every visitor on the oc
casion is properly accompanied and
shown the proper courtesy.
The itinerary of the morning tour
will be in charge of J. Harvey Bayliss.
S. H. Burke and P. D. Tebault, and
will Include all points of historical
interest as well as possible sites for
location of the Florida International
Centennial. The tour ends at 11 o'clock
at the city hall, where the commission
ers meet to hear presentations of
Pensacola's rights. All Pensacola. Is
invited to be present.
Following the hearing the commis
sioners are to be entertained as guests
of Charles B. Hervey at the San Carlos
hotel at 'luncheon.
Afternoon Tour.
At 2 o'clock the commissioners, ac
companied by the same official es
cort as during the morning hour, will
leave the San Carlos fn charge of
Messrs A. T. Barkdull. H. E. Root and
Tom Hall, for an auto tour to the air
station and Fort Barrancas, upon
completion of which a tour of the har
bor will be made in charge of Fleet
Captain J. C. Watson of the yacht
club, Dr. F. G. Renshaw and Hon. F.
D. Sanders. The party will arrive at
Pensacola wharf at 4 o'clock.
Parade and Demonstration.
The commissioners will be met at
the foot of Palafox street at 4 o'clock
by all loyal Pensacollans, who will
parade to Mallory Court, in charge of
James G. White. W. H. Bradford and
Rox Cowley. All the boosters who
went o Tallahassee ; will be in line
a.galn. four abreast, and will sing
"Pensacola Town", on the inarch and
at Mallory Court, where a band 'con
cert will be given. During the time
of this parade all stores will close and
excuse their clerks for participation.
The matter of decorations at city
hall. Mallory Court and Plaza Ferdi
nand, is entrusted to City Commis
sioners Hinrlchs and Pou, and John
A. Jones. Points of historical interest
will be marked by Oliver Semmes. R.
Pope Reese and J. E. D. Tonge. All
business houses are expected to decor
ate and to close during the hours of
the afternoon parade, and co-operation
in this matter is entrusted to Edward
(Continued on Page TwoJ
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