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: THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL', SATURDAY MOKNING, OCTOBER 25, 1VI9L DAILY .WEEKLY SUNDAY WATJfB TaoiUB. Vlee-Presldent and Manrr. HOWARD LBB M&TKS. StcnUrr and Treasurer. Conduct i from M to 191 S Under the Kdltorsnlp and Management of CoL Frank I Mayes. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS American' Nwppr Publishers' Association Florida il-ss Aaaoctatlon. Southern Newspaper Publishers' Aaaoctatlon ' . SUBSCRIPTION RATES Ona Waak. Datlyand Sunday Si t-v ft . n . r x nrw MOnina I)all-r And SundlT ' !? Mentha. Dally ana Sunday -f Ona Tear. Dally and Sunday ?. gwnday Only, On a Year The Weekly Journal, ona Taar 1 rvKiy journal, una Tear Mall subscriptions ara payabla In advance). bcswkbs onrxcis mmm editorial, dkpt , Prta. and Mar. 1609 ' Managing Editor W Asvertistns: tUmt. 4a -J"" .i. Editor 41 ; Office: Journal BM, Opr. Intandancla and DeLuna St aaa for r publication of aO imwi credited to It or not : stberwlae credited In tbla paper and also-to local news , PubHaned. Kntared aa aeoond ciaea matter at tba poetcflce n Penaaoola. Fla, under Act of Congress. March . 1879. Represented tn the General Advertising Field by CONK, LORBNZEN A WOODMAN New York. Chicago. Detroit, Kansas City, Atlanta. PENSACOLA. FLA, SATURDAY. OCT. 25. 1919. SENTIMENTALITY AND LABOR Thera la a great deal of aentimentallty Involved In every controversy between an employer and his employes. "Whether the dispute Is between a email employer and a few poorly paid workmen or a public errlee corporation and a body of highly paid expert employee who realize that they can halt the Industry of a nation, there la a tendency on the part of the general public to preaume In every Instance that the men who are demanding higher wages or shorter houra are, In the very nature of things, justified in their demands and therefore deserving of public sympathy and support. Such support, given without question and without Inquiry, is probably one of the chief factora In bringing about the success of nu merous atrlkea In every industrial field. When the employe organized and tasted the sweet ness of a long succession of victories, he was quick to recognise the value of public opinion and did all he could to keep alive every spark of sympathy for his cause. In these efforts, he has merely been among the first to appreciate the Importance of propaganda In pupblic affairs and has probably done more than was right. But the people who still take a sentimental view of labor disputes, who presume that every strike is called for a just pur pose and that the employe is a person whose every demand should be granted whatever the reason and whatever the cost, do not apparently realize that the relation of the employer and the employe has changed greatly in recent years. It would be unfortunate if public opinion ever reached the stage where It always adjudged either side wholly right or wholly wrong. The Just attitude for the public to take would be to recognize the fact that the relatione of employer and employe are very much the same as the relations between buyer and seller. Each tries to safeguard his own interests and each sometimes overreaches in trying to get the best of a bargain. They are on the same plane, con tending In a wholly unsentimental manner, not nec essarily for rights, but for advantages and privileges. Sometimes one Is right, sometimes the other; but it Is seldom correct to presume that either party to a labor controversy is wholly right or wholly wrong until the facts In the Individual case are carefully studied and accurately weighed. The public "should recognize the fact that the em ploye is at least as well equipped to get what he demands as Is his employer, and It should withhold sympathy from either side in any specific dispute until it has had full opportunity to compare the merits of the rival claims; it should recogn'ze -.he fact that tho whole controversy is nothing more nor less than a business proposition, an effort at collec tive bargaining In which as high a price as posslblbe Is sought for labor that is already at a higii pre mium. Above all, blind emotion should not be al lowed to displace reason. It Is absurd, for instance. to become sentimental over a demand for a twelve dollar day as It would be to weep when the corner grocer balks at a jobber's demand for seventy per ' eent profit on a shipment of potatoes. In weighing the arguments for or against any strike, consideration should be given fo general prin ciples as well as specific motives. Just now. It Is almost universally recognized that the one great need of the nation is production, and more production, , to make up for the tremendous waste of war and correct the unfavorable balance between money and commodities which Is the primary cause of the "high cost of living." If the urgency of the need for pro duction were realized by the sentimentalists who approve of trivial strikes that make production im possible, public opinion would soon force the strikers to defgr their disputes until the nation had recov ered from the sK ck of war. THE PORT AND THE PEOPLE "The Centennial Exposition Is a big thing and the commission cannot be blamed for taking its time In the matter of deciding on a location for such an ambitious undertaking in Florida. If Jacksonville expects to get it, every detail of Its plans should be worked out before the commission visits this- city next Monday and one of the principal presentments should be a most attractive water front site for the exposition grounds and one that could be developed Into a place of great beauty and lmpresslveness," ays the Jacksonville Times-Union. 4 If the centennial committee Is looking for a good good water front site, the place for the location of the big fair is Pensacola. Jacksonville is situated several miles from the open sea. Pensacola is locat ed directly on the deepest and best harbor in the south, and the contrlbutary waters form a chain of bayous and rivers unequalled in their beauty. It goes' without saying that wherever the centen nial is held, the exposition grounds, should overlook the water, and be advantageously situated for the exhibits which would be brought to this country from Europe, South America and the Orient. A second, and perhaps more important, consider ation, is the great water carnival, assembling the fleets of the world, and such a spectacle' could be staged nowhere else in the south so well as at thjs . port, where the harbor Is not only deep enough, but wide enough and long enough to float the navies of the world. . At this hour of the nation's history, when the mer chant marine takes precedence of evry other eom- txnarcial move, and when the trade of the world is looking southward, no possible) choloo for a world's fair could be made, which would compare with Pen sacola. In 1922, when the centennial will held, Pensa cola win have cot only the best harbor in the Uni ted States, but will have bunt some Of the greatest sea-going vessels that have been the product of any ship building plant in the country; will have & dry dock which compares in its equipment with any in the south, and will have bunkering facilities such as no other city in the south can surpass, and win have at least four railroads into this port. Already the great terminals of the Gulf , Pensacola and Northern, formerly the O. T. and A, rank ahead of any on the Gulf or South Atlantic; the fuel oil stations now at Pensacola are the best on the Gulf; and with the municipal docks and belt line that will be part of Pensacola'a progress, this pott offers op portunities greatly superior to those of Jacksonville. Pensacola has the historical background, without which a centennial would" be a misnomer; it has commercial reasons for a great exposition, which no other Florida city can claim; It has moro than one million dollars worth of authorised bonds, which can be used towards financing the great fair; it has the backing of entire West Florida, the good will of all of the peninsula part of the state, and. most Important of all. it is nearer the center of pop ulation than any other port hi the United States. THE SPANISH TRAIL In a recent letter from H. B. Ayers. field director of the Old Spanish Trail, the historic highway from Florida to California, he says: "I hope that Pensa cola will find ways of co-operating with us. We want to see the Spanish Trail develop across Bald win county, and into Pensacola. There is some talk about its going through Bay Mlnette. but in that case, Pensacola would be off the course. We think much depends upon the liveliness with which Pen sacola enters into this Trail movement work. The writer feels that a strong delegation from your sec tion should attend the annual convention which meets at San Antonio. November 14-15. Over 1100,000,00 in bonds have been voted, or are In process of voting, considerable portions of which are for highway work on this tralL The conventions are not restricted to members, but are open to everyone Interested in seeing the Trail developed. A delegation from Pensacola means one more impulse toward bringing this section to the front. The central offices of the Old Spanish Trail Asso ciation are at San Antonio, and in every county needed is not thrift but parsimony. Thrift consists of wise and Intelligent buying, wise and Intelligent use of what Is bought, wise and in telligent saying and wise and safe investment, such investments as War Savings Stamps, Treasury Sav ings Certificates and Liberty Bonds. By following these precepts of thrift youywill do your part to re store healthy normal processes of industry and com merce and solve the problem of the high cost of living. , Florida Preso Opinion Jacksonville and St. Augustine on the Centennial Winter sans Nothing to the Deep Water City. If the state road department wants to show tho people of the' state that maybe after' all there Is something in the centralization of road authority for the securing .of federal and state aid, it ought to get busy this Instant on" Road No. 1, a good brick highway from Jacksonville to "Pensacola.! Wo have had enough of plans and promises; let's see some work and some returns for the automobile taxes that the counties have been pouring into the state tills for road purposes since 1915. If Pensacola wins the site for the Florida Purchase Centennial when the f l&b- with Jacksonville culminates at Tallahassee next Monday, the proposed Jacksonvllle-Pensacola highway will become an absolute necessity to every man, woman and child in Florida south of the 20th parallel and will not be unwelcome to the main-land portion of the state through which the . road will pass. "Without a first class highway from Pensacola to 'the only Florida that is Florida, the advantages to this state ef a great world's fair will be complete ly lost. If Jacksonville is victorious, Pensacola and West Florida, without the cross-state thoroughfare, will find themselves benefitting from the Victory centennial on a par with the Philippine islands. We sincerely, trust that Jacksonville, which arose from her slumbers less than a week ago (while her rival has waged a vigorous campaign for months) will win. Because': Pensacola cannot handle the expo sition If it gets it, because a world's fair held in Pensacola would be of no value to tho state as an advertising project, and for 105 other good reasons. St. Augustine is some fifty times more able to han dle the centennial crowds than Pensacola, and had we known that the metropolis was going to sleep so late we might have put In a bid on the strength where live leaders can be found, members are being enlisted and a county club is being formed. All the ) o( our history, hotels and CoL Mac Williams' posl- power of centralized effort today is being put behind j t-on on tne commission to decide the site. Pensacola the Old Spanish highway to build It up and to beau- . nas Dut ono reaj hotel and needs no more, for win tify It. Iter means nothing to the Deep Water City but a As a tourist highway it is without a peer. It Is - change in temperature. But Jacksonville Is aroused lined with historical associations from end to end. f aH tne peninsular part of the state is helping THE GREAT AMERICAN HOME 'Jp' V acHooi- woftp 1 , &GHAH$ TUB UNIVERSALISTS WILL MEET AT DE FUNIAK Pehsacolians Are on Elaborate Pro gram Arranged. The tenth annual convention of rep resentatives of the Unlversalist churches of. Florida will be opened at DeFuniak Springs on October 30 and will remain In session through No vember 2, it is announced. Local Uni versalists as well as members of the ever, that anything can happen these days in Flor ida or most anywhere else.: st. Augustine Record. As the great military highway so much discussed it !her now. so prospects are bright for the centennial creed throughout the state are mani- embraces San Diego, the greatest military center In ! being held where it belongs. We shall .be there the United States and the gateway to Mexico; New j Monday rooting for the right, fully realizing. how- Orleans, the central southern military outlet; and Pensacola, the southern naval base. Historically it reaches back 400 years to tho fascinating exploits of the Spanish cavalier and the heroic ministrations of the Franclscian Friars and this history like the Trail spans the continent. San Diego in CrUfornia marks "the beginning of Cali fornia and of the white conquest of the Pacific coast. Southern California, Arizona, New Mexico and Tex oo ar-m mission centers and many of these won derful mission buildings still stand along the TraiL j In Louisiana Is the romantic country Evangeline and New Orleans, the "Paris of America." Then the Mississippi Gulf Coast and old Mobile, Pensacola and Tallahassee, the Suwannee river, Jacksonville, St. Augustine, Tampa. "It is the trail for the traveler and one that will mellow his heart every day he travels It." "There Ain't Goin' to Be No Core" Some papers have gravely discussed shutting Catts out of the next democratic primary. There Isn't going to be any next democratic primary. Tho primary next June will be a scrub race into which any man who can pay the fees may go, and which will not bind anyone. Ocala Star. THRIFT IN INDUSTRY The factors and processes of the industrial world of America are closely interdependent. Everything that is bought has its bearing on the employment of a long line of workers going back to the ultimate source of the raw material from which the article Is made. At the far end of that line stands the man or woman who obtains the raw material from the earth for the earth or products of the earth is the source of practically all raw materials. Next stands the workers who advance the raw material through the various processes of develop ment and manufacture. Then the men and women who transport the article and distribute If and final ly those who sell It to the ultimate consumer. When you buy foolishly, unnecessarily or extrava gantly, you disrupt that long line of workers upon whom the community and the nation depends for Its necessary supplies. By Just so much, you injure yourself and every other consumer which means every citizen, of the United States. When you buy wisely, intelligently and reasonably, what you need, you do your share to keep the workers of the nation employed in healthy, normal, essential procession of production. " , Thrift Is not parsimony. Thrift is a necessity for the improving of conditions which now face this nation. To spend money foolishly, unnecessarily or to no good purpose is to disrupt the productive sys tem and throw away financial and material re sources sorely needed to reduce the cost of neces sities. On the other hand, it Is necessary to refrain from buying useful and necessary things. The en deavor to "get along without the things actually Wait Till It Gets Ripe Florida products will be more popular In the big markets of the country if they are not picked too soon, are properly graded and well packed. Effi ciency should be the watchword in such a progres sive state. Jacksonville Times-Union. How .Much Cash Do We Have to Have? We would like to have the gentlenian who says he is "for the masses against the classes" to tell us the line of demarcation between the sheep and the goats. We'd like to know where we're at. Who is It that constitute the "classes" in Florida, anyway? Is it the people who by energy and industry have accumulated some small means or property? And what amount is a man supposed to possess to re move him from the masses and put him in Vbe classes? $100? $500? $1,000? We Just want to know, you know. Lakeland Telegram. Wait Masons Daily Poem Still Talking About a State Fair. " Jacksdnville Is the logical place for the exposition because: r 1. This city is nearest Str Augustine, the oldest city In the United States and the seat of the Span ish government when Florida was purchased by the United States! , 2. Jacksonville is vastly more accessible to the greater part of Florida than Pensacola, which is re motely removed and on the very border of Alabama. 3. Jacksonville Is far more able to accommodate great exposition crowds than Pensacola. Tackson ville's hotel facilities are the best. 4. Jacksonville is the gateway to Florida and is served by excellent rail and steamship lines, with through trains to the principal cities of tho north, east and middle west. Jacksonville Times-Union. CHEER UP AGAIN v , 1 We say the prices now are high, so high we're often stricken bumb; we shudder when we go to buy; cheer up, the worst is yet to come! The shoe men say there are no hides, and dally leather grows more rare; and so the price of footwear slides ten parasangs up in the air. The clothiers say there is no wool, the sheep are dead and on the ice; ft takes some Influence and pullo get a suit at any price. The bakers say therei is no flour, and so the chil dren have no bread, and we are weeping every hour because our hopes are lying dead. The barbers say there are no barbs, and we must let our whiskers grow until they spread like noxious yarbs, and wave and wiggle to and .fro. 'The grocer says he cannot groce fr .less than ninety-five per cent; he sees the sheriff drawing close when profits sink, is hlsy lament. And so things go, from day to day, the whole blamed world Is out of plumb; but let us all be blithe and gay; cheer up, the worst Is- yet vo come. The worst will come, and then the slump, the Come Over to West Florida and Get Them This favorite bivalve will soon be with us, because the months now have the "K" In them. Ah! fine, splendid, delicious old oyster. How fondly we shall greet you and take you to our bosom. But please don't come In costryraiment, or whatever it was that made you cost so much last year. The poor like you, as well as the rich. You grow m free waters and you are protected by the state. Came in cheaper raiment "this winter. We are hungry for you. Ex. The Anopeles Mosquito on the Blink - The extirpation of yellow fever was accomplished by destruction of the breeding places of the stegomia mosquito, which was found to be the agent of trans mission. Malaria, which in the south probably pro duces more debility , and loss of time from work than any other disease, is disseminated by the ano peles mosquito.-This disease, too, can be eliminated by destruction of the mosquito's breeding places. It is estimated that there are 1,500,000 cases of malaria a year in the United States, and that the disease causes an annual loss of $10,000,000. This could be prevented. :J The Rockefeller " international . health board has recently completed some studies in ma laria control, which ""furnish proof. Thus, at Cros sett, a lumber town of 2,000 population In Arkansas, through a campaign of mosquito extermination through Oiling and drainage, the number of physi cians' calls was reduced from 2,500 to 200 a year, big reaction will appear; and we will carry, to the The drainage cost2,000. "Within natural limlta- dump the pirate and the profiteer. Copyright by . tlons any community can determine its own death George MatthewAdams. jrate.- ' Tampa Tribune. festing great interest in the meeting. An elaborate program has been ar ranged for the event, embracing a number of Pensacolians. It follows: The Program. Thursday, Oct. 30th. 7:30 p. m. Praise and prayer service. 8:00 p. m. Sermdn, Rev. A. Q. Strain, Ariton, Ala., Alabama State Supt." of Churches.' 0:30. a. m. Prayer service, Rev. II. B. Robinson, Tarpon Springs. Friday, Oct. 31st. 10:00 a. m. Call to order State President. Address of welcome, Cecil Gordon, DeFuniak Springs. Response Rev. II. B. Robinson. 10:30 a, m. Appointment of Session Committees. Business. 11:00 a. m. Occasional Sermon Rev. Stanley Manning. Pastor's Con fe:ence or School of Methods. 2:30 p. m. Praise Service, Mrs.- T. C. Credille, Pensacola. Report of State Convention Secretary. Report of State Convention Treasurer. Re ports of Committees. Report and An nual Address of the State Superin tendent of Churches. 7:30 p. m. Prayer Praise Service. Rev. A. G. Strain. 8:00 p. m. Fellowship evening- G. F. Carden, W. T. Tiller. W. M. Kem- ptr., J. B. Murphy and Pastors of the various churches. Saturday, Nov. 1st. 9:00 a. nV: Prayer service, Mrs. Nancy Manning, DeFuniak Springs, Fla. 10:00 a, m. Business reports. 11:00 a. m. Sermoa, Rev. II. B. Robinson. 2:30 p. m. Devotional, MUSL-Winnie Warren, DeFuniak Springs. E'?ctIon of officers. Reports of committees. 4:00 p. m. Bible School Methods conducted by Rev. Stanley vManning, of the General Sunday School Asso ciation of the Unlversalist church. 730 p. m. T. P. C. U. meeting, leader, Miss Emma Hess, Pensacola, Fla. 8:00 p. m. Sermon. Sunday, Nov. 2nd. 9:45 a. m. Sunday School. 11:00 a. m. Convention Sermon to be selected. Communion, Rev. M. L. Hadley and visiting clergymen. 3:30 p. m. Woman's Congress on Missionary Work, conducted by Rev. M. L. Hadley, of the Woman's Na tional Missionary Association. The Clara Barton Guild State Director will be chosen and installed.''' 7:00 p. m. T. P. C. U. meeting, leader, Malcolm White, Pensacola, Fla. 1 , 8:00 j. m. Young People's Mass Meeting in charge of Rev. Stanley Manning. State T. P. C. IT. officers will be chosen and installed. Adjournment. IN MEMORIAM. Of Bn J. GrHfln, Who Departed ThIV Lr. At.rtl 19, 1919. "lene but net fbrjwtten . vw Tna ffean fnnpfle can tcVl. fhe - loved to hesr ! now for- "- fV-H f w-- ; win. In ftr 1i t) M1 Thy "Miinrr f mm tn-'.v as In th .' "henr you Tsed ri !- '. VfVI ii:, V?rf? ' '-, . blrtbday. October ts. 1819. i N - WHAT HAPPENED OCT. 25. 1914 More German troops thrown across Yser Canal; 500 British taken pris oners Berlin says Allied flanking movement in northern France has failed: Predict steadv German advance southward Russians driving Germans before them take" Lovicz, Skiernlewice and Rawa. 1915 t Allies encourage Serbia to "hold out five days more" Two more arrested in New York in German conspiracy to blow up ships French in Cham pagne take 1200 yTards of a German salient but lose part of it by counter attack. 1916 Cernavoda, head of Danube bridge. taken by von Mackensen in Dobrudja offensive; have now lost railroad com munication . with southern front; Ru manians on Transylvania border fight desperately to repel invasion from tha,t source; Lloyd George tells Com mons that all possible help is being' sent French repel German counter attack at Verdun. 1917 General Retain renews attack on Alsne . takes two villages, 2000 pris oners and 50 guns; French forces ln: sight of Laon Germans extend gainst on the Isonzo front; 10,000 Italians, prisoners taken; defenders in hurried retreat. 1918 British take seven miles of Valenciennes-lye Quesnoy railroad Amer icans win savage fight; finally take Belleau Wood won and lost six times In three days French advance on Olse and Serre successful at all point; take 3.000 prisoners Allies on Italian front between Brenta and Piave rivers take 3,000 Austrlans Col. Edward M. House, President Wilson's perianal representative, reaches Paris. RED CROSS HOLDS ANNUAL ELECTION James E. Perknis Becomes Head of Local Organization. Annual election of officers featured the meeting of the Pensacola Chapter, American Red Cross, Saturday morn ing J. B. Perkins will again head the organization, with Sam Pasco as vice- chairman; J. S. Leonard, treasurer, and Mrs. C. M. Sweeney, secretaj-v. A financial statement was rendered and other reports received. The total receipts for the Pensa cola chapter were $2Q,565.30; dis bursements. $18,990.47, leaving a total of $1,574.83. The detailed report follows: Membership, $2,760; rent of offices, $42V, salaries, $890; refund to Milton. $134.25; advanced to Laurel Hill. $95.52; men shower. $519.50; head quarters for supplies, $1,430.26; tele phone and telegraph, $67.43; canteen. $470.79; U. S $138.25; office and other supplies, $449.33; local relief, $208.02; total,) $18,990.47. Mrs. S. R. Mallory Kennedy, execu tive secretary of the homo eerrtce section of the Red Cross, made a splendid Teport of the work; Mrs. W. K. Hyer, chalrjnan .on education, re ported some fine results, and Mrs. F. S. Mellen, for the entertainment com mittee, gave a detailed report of the work accomplished. The scope of the entertainment com mittee was very broad, including the visiting of hospitals, checking and en tertaining at dances, and oth?r en tertainments, Christmas boxes, anil a number of other activities. To Fortify The System Against Grip Take LAXATIVE BROMO QUININE Tablets which destroy germs, act as a Tonic and Laxative, and thus prevent Colds. Grip and Influenza. There is only one "BROMO QUININE." E- W. employment bureau, GROVE'S signature on the box. S'c. DAiJNfcHISTOM Five hundred and four years ago today, October 25, 1415, the English defeated the French at Agincourt. . Find an English knight. Answer to yesterday's puzzle: Right side denvn, eye at wheel