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THE PENSACOLA! JOURNAIi SUNDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 26, 1919.
DAILX WEEKLY SUNDAX MATE. Pre-id-nt. wATNHS THOMAS, Vlc-Pr1int and Mner. HOWARD UCK MATK3. Secretary and Tmwrw. Conducts from 1831 to 191 S trader th Editorship and Mmmmtnt of Col. Prank I Maya. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS American Nwrrpapr Publlnbem AaaoclaUoa . Flortda iresa Association. Southern Newspaper Publurtfers' Association o.- w ,. SUBSCRIPTION KATES 2" Hk' Dally and Bandar . 3w m1"1 Dally and Sunday - One Moffth. Dally ,nd Sunday Three Months. Dairy and Sunday elx Montha. Daily and Sunday Una Tear. Dally and Sunday Sunday only. One Tear 77... .... Tha Weekly Journal. Ona Tear " aoacnptiona are payable in aavance, .t J . l.S t. as .00 l.0 BCSINK8S OrFICB EDITORIAL DEPT. PHONES -c? PHONES Prta. and Mar. 1505 - Managing; Editor SI Aaemains t. 41 w . Society Editor 41 Office; Journal BMn, Cor. Intandancla and DeLuna Bta ...j wni:a jrreas 19 exclusively e;iuuea i aaa for rapubltcatlon of all news credited to It or nat otherwise credited In this paper and also to local news OuMlrhed. . ' Entered as aaoond claaa matter at the posteflce tn Fensmcola, Fla.. under Act of Congress. March . 1879. Represented In the Qeneral Advertising: Field by CONE. LORENZKN A WOODMAN N-wYork. Chicago. Detroit. Kansas City. Atlanta. PENSACOLA. FLA.. SUNDAY. OCT. 2 6. 1919. ELEVENTH HOUR. STAND At the eleventh hour, Jacksonville and St. Augus tine are making a hard fight for the centennial. Friday morning's issue of the Record carries an urgent call to the people of tu- Augustine to attend a meeting that evening, at Artiich the Jacksonville Centennial Exposition committee was to address the people of St. Augustine, urging their support in se curing the world's fair for Jacksonville. The Rec ord says: This morning Charles E, Toung, president of the St. Augustine Hotel Men's Association, re ceived a phone message from the secretary of the Jacksonville Hotel Association, asking for the support of St. Augustine in behalf of Jack sonville in this contest for the centennial expo sition. Mayor Martin and members , of the Jacksonville council, also other prominent men will come over from Jacksonville to address the people of this city at the proposed mass meeting. The Jacksonville committee left the matter of setting the time and place for the meeting with the St. Augustine Hotel Men's Association and Friday night was designated at a conference held this morning, subsequent to the telephone .message. r G. B. Lamar, president of the St. - Augustine National Bank; Eugene Masters, city manager; and C. E, Young, president of the Hotel Men's Association, displayed keen interest in the ex position, realizing what it means to St. Augus tine and they requested Acting Mayor Davis to call a meeting for Friday evening at 8 o'clock. Efforts will be made to bring the municipal band out for the occasion and those efforts will no doubt be successful. A world's fair, such as is proposed, will be of enormous value to St. Augustine if held in Jack sonville, but practically valueless to this section if Pensacola is chosen as the site. The exposi tion is to last for one year and will bring hun rirufi t thousand of dmhIa from all nnarrrrn of the globe. Our proximity to Jacksonville will men an era of prosperity that this city has never known. Business and building will be st'mu lated enormously here as well as in Jacksonville, so it is of the utmost Importance that St. Au gustine bend Its efforts toward securing the ex position for Jacksonville. - The people of this city are requested to turn out 100 per cent on Friday evening and mow the Jacksonville visitors that we are behind them in this fight. Pensacola is now making a tremendous effort - to capture the exposition, but if It is successful v this section of the state will benefit very little from It. as Pensacola is located At the extreme West end of the state, practically on the border of Alabama .and visitors to the fair would scat- ter in all direcflons. only a fraction of them coming to the east coast, whereas from Jack sonville they would go to all sections of Florida. It will be seen from this that a strong concerted effort is to be made by Jacksonville and St. Augus tine to wrest the centennial from Pensacola at all hazards. Key West, Miami and Tampa, after retiring from the field, have refrained from taking any active part in the campaign for the centennial. Not so St. Augustine, and pensacola awaits with keen interest the outcome of the present contest that St. Augus tine and Jacksonville are waging. Commenting on the -delay in deciding on the site for the centennial, the Gadsden County Times says: The site for the Florida Centennial Exposition Is still undetermined as no decision was made at the Tallahassee meeting of the commissioners Monday, one of the commissioners being absent. It is agreed that the commissioners should go to Pensacola Saturday, inspect conditions and ad vantages there, then go to Jacksonville and do . - .iiMrln Mnni1.1T flnd then de- Wne same uii - tide the question, although no date for the de cision has been fixed. This inspection trip to the two cities is a good plan, but there has been too much delay already, and while many feel ings wiU.be hurt and there will be sore disap pointment no matter which city wins, the de cision should not be delayed beyond next week, for there isn't a day to lose In beginning the pre- , Jiminary work and arranging to finance the big gest enterprise in the history of Florida. It will cost a huge sura of money, but we talk and . think in millions now all over the TJ. S. A., and we feel sure that the winning city can raise the necessary means to put the big show over. : RED CROSS IN PEACE In preparing for the Third Red Cross Roll Call, November S-U. the peace time program of that or ganization is extended to include adequate func tioning of the Red Cross military relief department. The latest reports show that 30,000 service men still are ! the military hospitals, many of them crippled for life all requiring Red Cross attention. Hospital canteen and motor transport service must continue. " And the fifty base hospitals organized by the Red Cross before 'the United States entered the war and turned over to the army during the war period now are back from the field and must be reorganized and held ready for any call, civil or military. - The Red Cross has a great assignment of work pn its hands in this single particular alone. A DRIVE FOU EDUCATION At a meeting of the Rotary Club in Miami, on last Thursday, after listening to an address on the coming campaign for funds to push the work among the young men of this country, by the Y- M. C. A., a leading buslneo man remarked: "If we would get together and Insist on paying the teachers of the public schools ' adequate sal aries and would Insist on having the right kind of . men and women as teachers In the schools, we would sot have to be 'called upon to give up our money for these - special campaigns among the boys." V The Miami Herald, which uses this as the basis for an editorial, says: "His remark was not made in disparagement of the proposed campaign, in the least, but he voiced a reck bottom truth when he intimated that, the most of our difficulties with boys and young men come from the. fact that we have never employed In our public schools Just the right kird of men and women that are needed to bring out the best in the growing young people, and that we have always refused to pay decent salaries to those whom we are compelled to take as teachers." There is much truth In what The Herald has to say. . Today the people of the United States are alive as they have never been to educational needs of the youth of this" country." It is a fact, and may be said to the shame of more than one municipal ity, that criminals in many Instances are h'V-S'id better than are the boys and girls In the schools. President Eliot of Harvard recently declared that the scrub women of Boston were better paid than many of the professors of Harvard. No win der, then that It becomes more apparent every day, that the salaries that are paid the teacher of .his country are frequently no more inadequate to the teachers, thanx the teachers are to the positions they are attempting to hold. If it were a question of fitting the teacher to the salary or the" salary to the teacher, the problem would not be so difficult as it is now. But. instead, it is a question of fitting the teacher to the child. Of putting men and women of education and high ideals in our schools to teach our children, and to pay these men and women a living wage. ' It is pointed out by The Herald, that many an unskilled negro laborer receives nearly as much for a week's pay as many school teachers receive 'n a month. , It Is a'fact that we must face, that neither sal aries nor teachers. In- many instances, are at all adequate torneet educational needs. Men and wom en who have spent years in preparation for their life-work, who have equipped themselves to meet the highest demands that may be made upon them, will not work for less than a living wage. For that reason, these men and women are taking up other avocations in order that they may have at least a fighting chance with other tollers. And so the places, of those who are fitted to teach, who are men and women of education, of ideal3. are filled in many Instances by those who have not been adequately trained for the work. The men and women who are at the head of our schools, with whom our boys and girls are most closely associated, and for long Intervals of time, should be men and women of the highest Ideals, as well as of broad culture. To quote again from The Herald: The unskilled man has had to put in no time and expend no money 1n securing such educa tion as he may need to handle a shovel or to carry a hod. The school teacher must fit him self by years of training, at considerable cost, and he . must be a constant student. And yet when he begins work In his profession he finds that he could make a better living If he had omitted education and depended solely upon his muscles to get along. v ' This is a continuing and a living disgrace to our system of education and is a reflection on the intelligence of our people who seem to be lieve with old Pharaoh, that bricks can be made without straw, that teachers can be educated and continued In their work without ample pay. , Now, as the speaker said. If we wou'd put o-:r money into the securing' of the ablest minds to teach the young folks, there would be much less occasion to Inaugurate these great campaigns to secure funds to do the work that ought to have been done in the schools and when the boys and girls are at the most impressionable age. . What we need is a campaign, an intensive drive, to open the eyes of the people to the ac tual needs of our public schools." FINE ESCAMBIA STOCK The county fair will be featured this year by a sale of live-stock, which will take place at the fair grounds. November 14th. .. This is In line with the larger expositions of the country, and will go far towards promoting good results and arousing in terest in exhibits of live stock at the annual fair. It 'is uriderstood, from advance notices received from the State Fair Association in Jacksonville, that the exhibits of live stock to be made at the state fair will also be unusually good, and in this connec tion attention may be called to the fact that West Florida farmers are raising some of the finest stock in the state. . . Santa Rosa county lays claim to having raised the best hogs in "West Florida, so far, and has sent out a carload to make the rounds'' of the Southern Fair circuit, but Santa Rosa will find it hard to beat Escambia when It comes to porkers and high 'grade cattle this year, . ' Mr. Hardy declares that some of the finest cattle raised in the state will be exhibited at the fair, and from reports that are coming in from all sections of the county, the sale at the fair grounds will be worth attending. - It is understood that much of the livestock exhib ited at the fair will later be taken over to the state fair, in Jacksonville, and placed in competition with, other counties of the state, and that some surprises are in store for the counties south of us which are bragging on their pure bred hogs and cattle. : West Florida is proving that this is the Ideal lo cation for stock farms, the practical results obtained attracting attention from farmers and stockmen from all parts of the country. Few men can stand prosperity. We grlaned while scratching cooties and dodging bullets, and now growl about working eight hours .to earn a miserable ten dollars. . " The menace in this thing we call social unrest Is that those who have not, side with strikers, and those who have side against thern. Exporters are clamoring for early ratification of the peace treaty. Business win do more than states men to Interpret the treaty, anyway Florida Presa Opinion They prefer congregations to Audiences. - To Van and Hully: "Hire a halL" Tampa Tri bune.. . . ' " Linger Longer Summer v Seems like "summer, has come to spend the win ter" In Florida this season. Lakeland Telegram. Twice as Many as We May Have Not much danger of California pointing the finger of scorn at us, even If we do get that leper colony. She has two or more of her own. Tampa Times. BBBBBIBBSiiBBBBBBsSSSSS Our Centennial Is a World Exposition. ' The Pensacola Journal gives Jacksonville a knock out blow when It declares the proposed centennial is not a "state fair." Tampa Tribune. The Forbidden Is Always Sought From different parts of the state - come reports of churches that are being forcibly entered, while there are a lot of people in DeLand who can not be Induced to enter the churches when the doors are thrown wide open and announcement is made that no collection will be taken. Volusia County Record. ' ' A Visions That Have Been Realized Bradford has the largest and best equipped corn elevator ' and feed grinding plant in the state of Florida, and Its people are justly proud of that dis tinction. Fortunate is that community where there are men of vision who anticipate the requirements, and have the foresight and courage to provide them. Bradford Progress. . This Editor Bats .300 on Ten Commandments A certain Florida editor says he has kept all the Ten Commandments but a little corroborative evi dence would not be amiss. Tampa Times. He said he had tried to keep them, friend Times, not that he had succeeded. As far as that is concerned, we have kept all but seven of them ourself. There are two real easy to keep and one we have never had a chance to break. Ocala Star. Did Travel Do It? Travel enough to shatter the nerves of any man has been the lot of President Wilson since the sign ing of the armistice. Twice he crossed the Atlantio and returned. He has made side trips to London, Manchester and Cumberland In England. Paris, Brussels and Rome have seen him. Then back home, and he crossed the continent in a strenuous speech making tour and was on his way home when the break-down came. Twenty-one thousand miles of travel for the league of nations since November Is enough to break a strong man's health. Orlando Reporter-Star. Sell Your Watches and Buy Florida Land. A watchmaker In Montreal, five years ago, was making $30 a week. He decided to change and be a farmer. Today he Is rated as one of the most suc cessful farmers In the Great Clay Belt In Northern Ontario. He owns 640 acres of land, a fine home, a large dairy herd, horses, sheep and hogs. His wheat crop last year at war prices netted him more than he made all his life as a watchmaker. Buy a farm, son, and get in line for a prosperous and peaceful future. Plant City Courier. Pensacola Fighting Hard. a, Pensacola and Jacksonville are contending for the honor of entertaining the Florida Centennial cele bration next year. Other cities appear to have dropped out of the race. Thereare five centennial commissioners who will hear the claims of the rival cities and who wlIL, it is understood, be the final arbiters in deciding the 'issue. Since Pensacola is such a close neighbor of Mobile the citizens here would undoubtedly welcome such an easy oppor tunity to visit the centennial in the event Pensacola is the lucky competitor.- Pensacola Is making a plucky fight for the centennial honor. Mobile Register. Big Cigar Factory for St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg is to have a big cigar factory, em playlng In the beginning some seventy-five persons and"ultimately to expand Into one of the biggest fac tories In this section.11 The W. H. Streeter Cigar Company has bought from the Bayboro Investment Company a tract of land at Third street and Elev enth avenue south and will at once erect a concrete block building 45x95 feet in which to manufacture cigars. The company plana to build additional buildings of the same type as the business grows. The first building will cost $20,000. In this connec tion it is also announced that the Bayboro company will provide homes for the workers in the cigar fac tories skid can now take care of seventy-five. The Bayboro company, of which Leste Harvey Is man ager, will erect cottages for the cigar makers in the section between the Bayboro basin and Fourth street, ,iorth of Salt creek. St. Petesburg Independent. Orlando Growing Old Gracefully. We noted during a recent hurried trip to Orlando that In three years it has 'almost outgrown itself. It has bullded and builded; it Is going out far Into the country, and, 'like Alexander the Great, Is ready nojv for other countries to conquer. Not a street but was busy in the building line; not one business but Is enlarging itself; not a man but was talking about the great things "we are doing," and not an Indication that there Is anything but prosperity In the land. We do not know Orlando's secret for growing old gracefully and beautifully, for it is quite a young city yet; but we do "know that during the past three years it has gone forward with a vim and a retained beauty of youth with a.confidence which has convinced the world and has made the city noted all over the country . for being cie city in Florida most admirably governed, and officered Tampa Tribune. If Palmer enlists the gentler sex in his fight for lower prices, it will mean fewer scraps in the gar bage can and more hash. The trouble about economic pressure as a weapon Is that those who are to be influenced by it are the last to be affected by it. Two can't live as cheaply as one can live, but two can live as cheaply as one does live. . . The quickest way to bring prices down is to stop buying; while they are up -. THE CHEERFUL CHERUB Wher 1 o.rrv feeling tvfcppy now very qoiet " I rru5t. 'keep Or Til recall my woe wrk If feels 'like" vherV my Foot'. fc.sle.ep. S8 Strictly So. "Is your friend a man of any ex traction 7" "Most popular dentist we've got." Baltimore American. No Doubt They Believed It. We're not so old but we can remem ber when old women used to say that It was good for a young girl's eyes to have the lobes of her ears pierced. Detroit Free-Press. Under a New Name. Ton't you women have -sewing -circles any more?" We don't call them that any more; we call them, community scandal con ferences." Houston Press. ' . He Approved. Mother How do you like ypur pew teacher. Artie?" . Seven-Year-Old nFIne! She hasn't .spoken to me yet. Buffalo Express. Odd Items From Everywhere. One hundred and eighty soldiers of the A. E. F. were blinded. Germany has about 4,000,000 trade union workers. The last elephant in Zululand has Just been killed. ' The forest fire loss last year is es? timated at $25,000,000. An electrical device used to locate oil has been perfected.' Germany is dickering with Argen tina for a loan of $100,000,000. The population of Japan is said to be increasing at the rate of 800.000 a year. , More than. 5,0 od styles of rubber footwear have been discontinued In the United States.' VIEWS OF JOURNAL READERS The Journal is glad to print short communications from read ers en any topic of interest. Letters should be typewritten If 'possible, and double spaced. Bobl - Burns . the Scotch poet once said, "some books are lys fra end to end and some great lys was never penned. Even ministers have been kened in holy rapture to tell a roar ing lys and tried to nail it with the scripture. But this what I am going to tell is just as true as the devil in Hell, and Dublin City." The Mobile Register a short time ago elaborating on the Mobile Ship building plant, made the statement that Mobile had built, and made ready for sea the largest ships in the South. Of course, I don't blame the Register for expressing enthusiasm over the great and good work that they have done, and . if they don't blow their horn for Mobile, no one will blow it for them. But facts are stubborn things. The fact that Pensacola has built and put in the water five of the largest steel ships in the whole South. As the Mobile ships are of the 7,800 ton type, whereas the ships built in Pensacola are of the 9,800 ton type. One of these ships is now on the other .side with a cargo valued at one and a half million dollars loaded from Pensacola. The steamship Cush noc and the other steamship Escambia is now loading another million dollar cargo, from Pensacola.- Three more of the five ships is rapidly being finished for their respective cargoes. Five more of the same" tonnage are under construction, one of them almost ready to go to her natural element. I admire any people who will stand up and proclaim to the world, the great things they have done, what they contemplate doing and working together for the upbuilding of their city and community. The Mobile people are doing the right thing constantly boosting their city. One has only to inquire into the merits of Pensacola, and its surround ings to be convinced of the superior advantages which surround the ancient- city, where you can find every advantage of location, water, and rail a step to the beaches, waters teem ing with fish, lands blossoming with the delicacies of the groves and or chards and yielding stores of wealth of every description, and ozone laden healthful breeze right from the Gulf, situated on one of the finest harbors in the United States, land-Jocked fine holding bottom, sheltered from storms, protected by high rolling bluffs an hills, a harbor that is large enougi to accommodate one hundred ships cr more at the same time. UnsurpasseJ for climate, pure fresh air coming In from the Gulf laden with the ozoH from the ocean, constant breezes waft ing to your nostrils the aroma frod the balsam giving pines, which give J youyigor and strength with the In haling of every breath, no marshes c low swamps around to throw out ma laria, pure salt tide water abound with fish of all kinds and finest t: oysters, water on the bar deep enoug' for any ship. There is no port 0: the Gulf or Atlantic coast where ; ship can be alongside any dork c-1 wharf to take or discharge cargo i one hour from over the bar, excepi Pensacola. The commerce of the world dement! speeded economy in transportation Not alorle on handlins: the varioui articles of commerce chiefly, but th saving of time, and without fear c being contradicted there la no por either North, South, East or TV1 that can compete with Pensacola, fci possessing of the natural blessings at fording every comfort, every rwiuire- ment of the pleasure eet-ker. the m valid or the sportsmen. Pare inif'' Is it to find the perfect blending C- nature with the master hand an mind of man such t as it Is here t be found. Here you have advantage of magnificent houses of worship 0? all the leading denominations, ar.. here is to be found tho skill d ph.w clan who can give you treatment ear- passed by none, in as fine and 1 complete a hospital as in any era A most hospitable people extend th cordial , hand of welcome to all whew would enjoy life's greatest blessing1 in the oldest and most historical cu: in the United States. In conclusion I would advise a larg funeral for all knockers and teach t all the slogan, "A Greater l' nsacoia. J. C. PATTERSON. WHAT HAPPENED OCT. 25. mm 7 1914 German ' ' advance checked along Yser canal; Germans bring ing up more troops and big guns; 7,000,000 Belgians face starva tion; less than two weeks foodup ply, in the cities; first American sup plies to be shipped tomorrow; great battle rages in Poland; Russians pur sue Germans toward frontier. 1915 Serbs capture Veles, but Ger mans advance southward on a 100. mile front; Lord Lansdowne in Houe of Lords, says Serbia cannot resist long. ' 191C Rumanians blow up bridge at Cernavodavto halt German pursuit; French repulse four German attacks near Veaux and Douamont; hold all gains In that region; Germans increase their forces on the Somme; speeches In House of Lords criticize neutrality of our warships during the raid of German U-boat off Nantucket: ten German destroyers make raid In the English channel; one British deatrover lraisslsg, .another, disabled and one transrort sunk. . 1917 First American continent fair on Ita nlno in firm line trf-nohPJ in drive north of Aiane the French win lriiDorta.nt Malmalson fort; A " tro-Germans croes the Isonzo at tv nolnta Italians evneua.tlnir tho Hair. Hvo nlntau- 70 000 Troll-in prisoner and 80 guns taken in retreat; canlntl resigns; Brazil declares war on Oer many;- Haig and Petain Fucceed it local action near Yprew; fear or rograd's fall now past; German viin Ovel . railway; radical council p!ar meeting for "November 2nd. 1918 German official paper ar. i t.nlcAM has as Ant TjTJ'' dorfs request for retirement; Fref-" pierce formidable Hunding line r.w Laon In wide offensive between Olse and the Aisne; penetrate to de?' of two miles at some points and ta 2,300-prisoners; Italians assault Ao trian defenses on the Piave river " take 2. COO prisoner.