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THE PENSACOLA! JOURNAIi SUNDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 26, 1919.
DAILX WEEKLY SUNDAX
MATE. Pre-id-nt.
wATNHS THOMAS, Vlc-Pr1int and Mner.
HOWARD UCK MATK3. Secretary and Tmwrw.
Conducts from 1831 to 191 S trader th Editorship and
Mmmmtnt of Col. Prank I Maya.
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS
American Nwrrpapr Publlnbem AaaoclaUoa .
Flortda iresa Association.
Southern Newspaper Publurtfers' Association
o.- w ,. SUBSCRIPTION KATES
2" Hk' Dally and Bandar .
3w m1"1 Dally and Sunday -
One Moffth. Dally ,nd Sunday
Three Months. Dairy and Sunday
elx Montha. Daily and Sunday
Una Tear. Dally and Sunday
Sunday only. One Tear 77... ....
Tha Weekly Journal. Ona Tear
" aoacnptiona are payable in aavance,
.t
J
.
l.S
t. as
.00
l.0
BCSINK8S OrFICB EDITORIAL DEPT.
PHONES -c? PHONES
Prta. and Mar. 1505 - Managing; Editor SI
Aaemains t. 41 w . Society Editor 41
Office; Journal BMn, Cor. Intandancla and DeLuna Bta
...j wni:a jrreas 19 exclusively e;iuuea i
aaa for rapubltcatlon of all news credited to It or nat
otherwise credited In this paper and also to local news
OuMlrhed. . '
Entered as aaoond claaa matter at the posteflce tn
Fensmcola, Fla.. under Act of Congress. March . 1879.
Represented In the Qeneral Advertising: Field by
CONE. LORENZKN A WOODMAN
N-wYork. Chicago. Detroit. Kansas City. Atlanta.
PENSACOLA. FLA.. SUNDAY. OCT. 2 6. 1919.
ELEVENTH HOUR. STAND
At the eleventh hour, Jacksonville and St. Augus
tine are making a hard fight for the centennial.
Friday morning's issue of the Record carries an
urgent call to the people of tu- Augustine to attend
a meeting that evening, at Artiich the Jacksonville
Centennial Exposition committee was to address the
people of St. Augustine, urging their support in se
curing the world's fair for Jacksonville. The Rec
ord says:
This morning Charles E, Toung, president of
the St. Augustine Hotel Men's Association, re
ceived a phone message from the secretary of
the Jacksonville Hotel Association, asking for
the support of St. Augustine in behalf of Jack
sonville in this contest for the centennial expo
sition. Mayor Martin and members , of the
Jacksonville council, also other prominent men
will come over from Jacksonville to address the
people of this city at the proposed mass meeting.
The Jacksonville committee left the matter of
setting the time and place for the meeting with
the St. Augustine Hotel Men's Association and
Friday night was designated at a conference
held this morning, subsequent to the telephone
.message. r
G. B. Lamar, president of the St. - Augustine
National Bank; Eugene Masters, city manager;
and C. E, Young, president of the Hotel Men's
Association, displayed keen interest in the ex
position, realizing what it means to St. Augus
tine and they requested Acting Mayor Davis
to call a meeting for Friday evening at 8 o'clock.
Efforts will be made to bring the municipal band
out for the occasion and those efforts will no
doubt be successful.
A world's fair, such as is proposed, will be of
enormous value to St. Augustine if held in Jack
sonville, but practically valueless to this section
if Pensacola is chosen as the site. The exposi
tion is to last for one year and will bring hun
rirufi t thousand of dmhIa from all nnarrrrn
of the globe. Our proximity to Jacksonville will
men an era of prosperity that this city has never
known. Business and building will be st'mu
lated enormously here as well as in Jacksonville,
so it is of the utmost Importance that St. Au
gustine bend Its efforts toward securing the ex
position for Jacksonville. -
The people of this city are requested to turn
out 100 per cent on Friday evening and mow
the Jacksonville visitors that we are behind
them in this fight.
Pensacola is now making a tremendous effort
- to capture the exposition, but if It is successful
v this section of the state will benefit very little
from It. as Pensacola is located At the extreme
West end of the state, practically on the border
of Alabama .and visitors to the fair would scat-
ter in all direcflons. only a fraction of them
coming to the east coast, whereas from Jack
sonville they would go to all sections of Florida.
It will be seen from this that a strong concerted
effort is to be made by Jacksonville and St. Augus
tine to wrest the centennial from Pensacola at all
hazards.
Key West, Miami and Tampa, after retiring from
the field, have refrained from taking any active
part in the campaign for the centennial. Not so St.
Augustine, and pensacola awaits with keen interest
the outcome of the present contest that St. Augus
tine and Jacksonville are waging.
Commenting on the -delay in deciding on the site
for the centennial, the Gadsden County Times says:
The site for the Florida Centennial Exposition
Is still undetermined as no decision was made at
the Tallahassee meeting of the commissioners
Monday, one of the commissioners being absent.
It is agreed that the commissioners should go to
Pensacola Saturday, inspect conditions and ad
vantages there, then go to Jacksonville and do
. - .iiMrln Mnni1.1T flnd then de-
Wne same uii -
tide the question, although no date for the de
cision has been fixed. This inspection trip to
the two cities is a good plan, but there has been
too much delay already, and while many feel
ings wiU.be hurt and there will be sore disap
pointment no matter which city wins, the de
cision should not be delayed beyond next week,
for there isn't a day to lose In beginning the pre- ,
Jiminary work and arranging to finance the big
gest enterprise in the history of Florida. It will
cost a huge sura of money, but we talk and .
think in millions now all over the TJ. S. A., and
we feel sure that the winning city can raise the
necessary means to put the big show over.
:
RED CROSS IN PEACE
In preparing for the Third Red Cross Roll Call,
November S-U. the peace time program of that or
ganization is extended to include adequate func
tioning of the Red Cross military relief department.
The latest reports show that 30,000 service men
still are ! the military hospitals, many of them
crippled for life all requiring Red Cross attention.
Hospital canteen and motor transport service must
continue.
" And the fifty base hospitals organized by the Red
Cross before 'the United States entered the war and
turned over to the army during the war period now
are back from the field and must be reorganized
and held ready for any call, civil or military. -
The Red Cross has a great assignment of work
pn its hands in this single particular alone.
A DRIVE FOU EDUCATION
At a meeting of the Rotary Club in Miami, on
last Thursday, after listening to an address on
the coming campaign for funds to push the work
among the young men of this country, by the
Y- M. C. A., a leading buslneo man remarked:
"If we would get together and Insist on paying
the teachers of the public schools ' adequate sal
aries and would Insist on having the right kind
of . men and women as teachers In the schools, we
would sot have to be 'called upon to give up our
money for these - special campaigns among the
boys." V
The Miami Herald, which uses this as the basis
for an editorial, says: "His remark was not made
in disparagement of the proposed campaign, in
the least, but he voiced a reck bottom truth when
he intimated that, the most of our difficulties with
boys and young men come from the. fact that we
have never employed In our public schools Just the
right kird of men and women that are needed to
bring out the best in the growing young people,
and that we have always refused to pay decent
salaries to those whom we are compelled to take
as teachers."
There is much truth In what The Herald has
to say. .
Today the people of the United States are alive
as they have never been to educational needs of
the youth of this" country." It is a fact, and may
be said to the shame of more than one municipal
ity, that criminals in many Instances are h'V-S'id
better than are the boys and girls In the schools.
President Eliot of Harvard recently declared
that the scrub women of Boston were better paid
than many of the professors of Harvard. No win
der, then that It becomes more apparent every day,
that the salaries that are paid the teacher of .his
country are frequently no more inadequate to the
teachers, thanx the teachers are to the positions
they are attempting to hold.
If it were a question of fitting the teacher to the
salary or the" salary to the teacher, the problem
would not be so difficult as it is now. But. instead,
it is a question of fitting the teacher to the child.
Of putting men and women of education and high
ideals in our schools to teach our children, and
to pay these men and women a living wage.
' It is pointed out by The Herald, that many an
unskilled negro laborer receives nearly as much for
a week's pay as many school teachers receive 'n
a month. ,
It Is a'fact that we must face, that neither sal
aries nor teachers. In- many instances, are at all
adequate torneet educational needs. Men and wom
en who have spent years in preparation for their
life-work, who have equipped themselves to meet
the highest demands that may be made upon them,
will not work for less than a living wage. For that
reason, these men and women are taking up other
avocations in order that they may have at least a
fighting chance with other tollers.
And so the places, of those who are fitted to teach,
who are men and women of education, of ideal3. are
filled in many Instances by those who have not been
adequately trained for the work.
The men and women who are at the head of our
schools, with whom our boys and girls are most
closely associated, and for long Intervals of time,
should be men and women of the highest Ideals, as
well as of broad culture.
To quote again from The Herald:
The unskilled man has had to put in no time
and expend no money 1n securing such educa
tion as he may need to handle a shovel or to
carry a hod. The school teacher must fit him
self by years of training, at considerable cost,
and he . must be a constant student. And yet
when he begins work In his profession he finds
that he could make a better living If he had
omitted education and depended solely upon his
muscles to get along. v '
This is a continuing and a living disgrace to
our system of education and is a reflection on
the intelligence of our people who seem to be
lieve with old Pharaoh, that bricks can be made
without straw, that teachers can be educated
and continued In their work without ample
pay. ,
Now, as the speaker said. If we wou'd put o-:r
money into the securing' of the ablest minds to
teach the young folks, there would be much less
occasion to Inaugurate these great campaigns
to secure funds to do the work that ought to
have been done in the schools and when the boys
and girls are at the most impressionable age. .
What we need is a campaign, an intensive
drive, to open the eyes of the people to the ac
tual needs of our public schools."
FINE ESCAMBIA STOCK
The county fair will be featured this year by a
sale of live-stock, which will take place at the fair
grounds. November 14th. .. This is In line with the
larger expositions of the country, and will go far
towards promoting good results and arousing in
terest in exhibits of live stock at the annual fair.
It 'is uriderstood, from advance notices received
from the State Fair Association in Jacksonville, that
the exhibits of live stock to be made at the state
fair will also be unusually good, and in this connec
tion attention may be called to the fact that West
Florida farmers are raising some of the finest stock
in the state. .
. Santa Rosa county lays claim to having raised
the best hogs in "West Florida, so far, and has sent
out a carload to make the rounds'' of the Southern
Fair circuit, but Santa Rosa will find it hard to beat
Escambia when It comes to porkers and high 'grade
cattle this year, . '
Mr. Hardy declares that some of the finest cattle
raised in the state will be exhibited at the fair, and
from reports that are coming in from all sections of
the county, the sale at the fair grounds will be
worth attending. -
It is understood that much of the livestock exhib
ited at the fair will later be taken over to the state
fair, in Jacksonville, and placed in competition with,
other counties of the state, and that some surprises
are in store for the counties south of us which are
bragging on their pure bred hogs and cattle. :
West Florida is proving that this is the Ideal lo
cation for stock farms, the practical results obtained
attracting attention from farmers and stockmen
from all parts of the country.
Few men can stand prosperity. We grlaned while
scratching cooties and dodging bullets, and now
growl about working eight hours .to earn a miserable
ten dollars. . "
The menace in this thing we call social unrest Is
that those who have not, side with strikers, and
those who have side against thern.
Exporters are clamoring for early ratification of
the peace treaty. Business win do more than states
men to Interpret the treaty, anyway
Florida Presa Opinion
They prefer congregations to Audiences. -
To Van and Hully: "Hire a halL" Tampa Tri
bune.. . . ' "
Linger Longer Summer v
Seems like "summer, has come to spend the win
ter" In Florida this season. Lakeland Telegram.
Twice as Many as We May Have
Not much danger of California pointing the finger
of scorn at us, even If we do get that leper colony.
She has two or more of her own. Tampa Times.
BBBBBIBBSiiBBBBBBsSSSSS
Our Centennial Is a World Exposition.
' The Pensacola Journal gives Jacksonville a knock
out blow when It declares the proposed centennial
is not a "state fair." Tampa Tribune.
The Forbidden Is Always Sought
From different parts of the state - come reports
of churches that are being forcibly entered, while
there are a lot of people in DeLand who can not
be Induced to enter the churches when the doors
are thrown wide open and announcement is made
that no collection will be taken. Volusia County
Record.
' ' A
Visions That Have Been Realized
Bradford has the largest and best equipped corn
elevator ' and feed grinding plant in the state of
Florida, and Its people are justly proud of that dis
tinction. Fortunate is that community where there
are men of vision who anticipate the requirements,
and have the foresight and courage to provide them.
Bradford Progress. .
This Editor Bats .300 on Ten Commandments
A certain Florida editor says he has kept all the
Ten Commandments but a little corroborative evi
dence would not be amiss. Tampa Times. He said
he had tried to keep them, friend Times, not that
he had succeeded. As far as that is concerned, we
have kept all but seven of them ourself. There are
two real easy to keep and one we have never had a
chance to break. Ocala Star.
Did Travel Do It?
Travel enough to shatter the nerves of any man
has been the lot of President Wilson since the sign
ing of the armistice. Twice he crossed the Atlantio
and returned. He has made side trips to London,
Manchester and Cumberland In England. Paris,
Brussels and Rome have seen him. Then back home,
and he crossed the continent in a strenuous speech
making tour and was on his way home when the
break-down came. Twenty-one thousand miles of
travel for the league of nations since November Is
enough to break a strong man's health. Orlando
Reporter-Star.
Sell Your Watches and Buy Florida Land.
A watchmaker In Montreal, five years ago, was
making $30 a week. He decided to change and be a
farmer. Today he Is rated as one of the most suc
cessful farmers In the Great Clay Belt In Northern
Ontario. He owns 640 acres of land, a fine home,
a large dairy herd, horses, sheep and hogs. His
wheat crop last year at war prices netted him more
than he made all his life as a watchmaker. Buy a
farm, son, and get in line for a prosperous and
peaceful future. Plant City Courier.
Pensacola Fighting Hard. a,
Pensacola and Jacksonville are contending for the
honor of entertaining the Florida Centennial cele
bration next year. Other cities appear to have
dropped out of the race. Thereare five centennial
commissioners who will hear the claims of the rival
cities and who wlIL, it is understood, be the final
arbiters in deciding the 'issue. Since Pensacola is
such a close neighbor of Mobile the citizens here
would undoubtedly welcome such an easy oppor
tunity to visit the centennial in the event Pensacola
is the lucky competitor.- Pensacola Is making a
plucky fight for the centennial honor. Mobile Register.
Big Cigar Factory for St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg is to have a big cigar factory, em
playlng In the beginning some seventy-five persons
and"ultimately to expand Into one of the biggest fac
tories In this section.11 The W. H. Streeter Cigar
Company has bought from the Bayboro Investment
Company a tract of land at Third street and Elev
enth avenue south and will at once erect a concrete
block building 45x95 feet in which to manufacture
cigars. The company plana to build additional
buildings of the same type as the business grows.
The first building will cost $20,000. In this connec
tion it is also announced that the Bayboro company
will provide homes for the workers in the cigar fac
tories skid can now take care of seventy-five. The
Bayboro company, of which Leste Harvey Is man
ager, will erect cottages for the cigar makers in the
section between the Bayboro basin and Fourth
street, ,iorth of Salt creek. St. Petesburg Independent.
Orlando Growing Old Gracefully.
We noted during a recent hurried trip to Orlando
that In three years it has 'almost outgrown itself.
It has bullded and builded; it Is going out far Into
the country, and, 'like Alexander the Great, Is ready
nojv for other countries to conquer. Not a street
but was busy in the building line; not one business
but Is enlarging itself; not a man but was talking
about the great things "we are doing," and not an
Indication that there Is anything but prosperity In
the land. We do not know Orlando's secret for
growing old gracefully and beautifully, for it is quite
a young city yet; but we do "know that during the
past three years it has gone forward with a vim and
a retained beauty of youth with a.confidence which
has convinced the world and has made the city
noted all over the country . for being cie city in
Florida most admirably governed, and officered
Tampa Tribune.
If Palmer enlists the gentler sex in his fight for
lower prices, it will mean fewer scraps in the gar
bage can and more hash.
The trouble about economic pressure as a weapon
Is that those who are to be influenced by it are the
last to be affected by it.
Two can't live as cheaply as one can live, but two
can live as cheaply as one does live. . .
The quickest way to bring prices down is to stop
buying; while they are up -.
THE CHEERFUL CHERUB
Wher 1 o.rrv feeling
tvfcppy now
very qoiet " I rru5t.
'keep
Or Til recall my woe
wrk
If feels 'like" vherV
my Foot'.
fc.sle.ep.
S8
Strictly So.
"Is your friend a man of any ex
traction 7"
"Most popular dentist we've got."
Baltimore American.
No Doubt They Believed It.
We're not so old but we can remem
ber when old women used to say that
It was good for a young girl's eyes
to have the lobes of her ears pierced.
Detroit Free-Press.
Under a New Name.
Ton't you women have -sewing -circles
any more?"
We don't call them that any more;
we call them, community scandal con
ferences." Houston Press.
' . He Approved.
Mother How do you like ypur pew
teacher. Artie?" .
Seven-Year-Old nFIne! She hasn't
.spoken to me yet. Buffalo Express.
Odd Items From Everywhere.
One hundred and eighty soldiers of
the A. E. F. were blinded.
Germany has about 4,000,000 trade
union workers.
The last elephant in Zululand has
Just been killed.
' The forest fire loss last year is es?
timated at $25,000,000.
An electrical device used to locate
oil has been perfected.'
Germany is dickering with Argen
tina for a loan of $100,000,000.
The population of Japan is said to
be increasing at the rate of 800.000 a
year. ,
More than. 5,0 od styles of rubber
footwear have been discontinued In
the United States.'
VIEWS OF
JOURNAL
READERS
The Journal is glad to print
short communications from read
ers en any topic of interest.
Letters should be typewritten If
'possible, and double spaced.
Bobl - Burns . the Scotch poet once
said, "some books are lys fra end to
end and some great lys was never
penned. Even ministers have been
kened in holy rapture to tell a roar
ing lys and tried to nail it with the
scripture. But this what I am going
to tell is just as true as the devil in
Hell, and Dublin City."
The Mobile Register a short time
ago elaborating on the Mobile Ship
building plant, made the statement
that Mobile had built, and made ready
for sea the largest ships in the South.
Of course, I don't blame the Register
for expressing enthusiasm over the
great and good work that they have
done, and . if they don't blow their
horn for Mobile, no one will blow it
for them. But facts are stubborn
things. The fact that Pensacola has
built and put in the water five of
the largest steel ships in the whole
South. As the Mobile ships are of
the 7,800 ton type, whereas the ships
built in Pensacola are of the 9,800
ton type. One of these ships is now
on the other .side with a cargo valued
at one and a half million dollars loaded
from Pensacola. The steamship Cush
noc and the other steamship Escambia
is now loading another million dollar
cargo, from Pensacola.- Three more of
the five ships is rapidly being finished
for their respective cargoes. Five
more of the same" tonnage are under
construction, one of them almost ready
to go to her natural element.
I admire any people who will stand
up and proclaim to the world, the
great things they have done, what
they contemplate doing and working
together for the upbuilding of their
city and community.
The Mobile people are doing the
right thing constantly boosting their
city. One has only to inquire into the
merits of Pensacola, and its surround
ings to be convinced of the superior
advantages which surround the ancient-
city, where you can find every
advantage of location, water, and rail
a step to the beaches, waters teem
ing with fish, lands blossoming with
the delicacies of the groves and or
chards and yielding stores of wealth
of every description, and ozone laden
healthful breeze right from the Gulf,
situated on one of the finest harbors
in the United States, land-Jocked fine
holding bottom, sheltered from storms,
protected by high rolling bluffs an
hills, a harbor that is large enougi
to accommodate one hundred ships cr
more at the same time. UnsurpasseJ
for climate, pure fresh air coming In
from the Gulf laden with the ozoH
from the ocean, constant breezes waft
ing to your nostrils the aroma frod
the balsam giving pines, which give J
youyigor and strength with the In
haling of every breath, no marshes c
low swamps around to throw out ma
laria, pure salt tide water abound
with fish of all kinds and finest t:
oysters, water on the bar deep enoug'
for any ship. There is no port 0:
the Gulf or Atlantic coast where ;
ship can be alongside any dork c-1
wharf to take or discharge cargo i
one hour from over the bar, excepi
Pensacola.
The commerce of the world dement!
speeded economy in transportation
Not alorle on handlins: the varioui
articles of commerce chiefly, but th
saving of time, and without fear c
being contradicted there la no por
either North, South, East or TV1
that can compete with Pensacola, fci
possessing of the natural blessings at
fording every comfort, every rwiuire-
ment of the pleasure eet-ker. the m
valid or the sportsmen. Pare inif''
Is it to find the perfect blending C-
nature with the master hand an
mind of man such t as it Is here t
be found. Here you have advantage
of magnificent houses of worship 0?
all the leading denominations, ar..
here is to be found tho skill d ph.w
clan who can give you treatment ear-
passed by none, in as fine and 1
complete a hospital as in any era
A most hospitable people extend th
cordial , hand of welcome to all whew
would enjoy life's greatest blessing1
in the oldest and most historical cu:
in the United States.
In conclusion I would advise a larg
funeral for all knockers and teach t
all the slogan, "A Greater l' nsacoia.
J. C. PATTERSON.
WHAT HAPPENED OCT. 25.
mm
7
1914 German ' ' advance checked
along Yser canal; Germans bring
ing up more troops and big
guns; 7,000,000 Belgians face starva
tion; less than two weeks foodup
ply, in the cities; first American sup
plies to be shipped tomorrow; great
battle rages in Poland; Russians pur
sue Germans toward frontier.
1915 Serbs capture Veles, but Ger
mans advance southward on a 100.
mile front; Lord Lansdowne in Houe
of Lords, says Serbia cannot resist
long. '
191C Rumanians blow up bridge at
Cernavodavto halt German pursuit;
French repulse four German attacks
near Veaux and Douamont; hold all
gains In that region; Germans increase
their forces on the Somme; speeches
In House of Lords criticize neutrality
of our warships during the raid of
German U-boat off Nantucket: ten
German destroyers make raid In the
English channel; one British deatrover
lraisslsg, .another, disabled and one
transrort sunk.
. 1917 First American continent
fair on Ita nlno in firm line trf-nohPJ
in drive north of Aiane the French
win lriiDorta.nt Malmalson fort; A "
tro-Germans croes the Isonzo at tv
nolnta Italians evneua.tlnir tho Hair.
Hvo nlntau- 70 000 Troll-in prisoner
and 80 guns taken in retreat; canlntl
resigns; Brazil declares war on Oer
many;- Haig and Petain Fucceed it
local action near Yprew; fear or
rograd's fall now past; German viin
Ovel . railway; radical council p!ar
meeting for "November 2nd.
1918 German official paper ar.
i t.nlcAM has as Ant TjTJ''
dorfs request for retirement; Fref-"
pierce formidable Hunding line r.w
Laon In wide offensive between
Olse and the Aisne; penetrate to de?'
of two miles at some points and ta
2,300-prisoners; Italians assault Ao
trian defenses on the Piave river "
take 2. COO prisoner.

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