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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL;" TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 28, 1919.
DAILY WEEKLY - SUNDAX Journal Publishing Company, ' lOI8 K. MATES. President. WATNB THOMAS. Vice-President and Mnc. HOWARD LEE MATES. Secretary and Treasurer. Conducted from 1892 to 11S Under Editorship and Management of Col. Frank I Mayes. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS American Newspaper Publisher Association Florida iress Association. Beothern Newspaper Publishers' Association SUBSCRIPTION RATES . 0n Week. Dally and Sunday ..I TWM VTMka YA . n SS - -- . - " , t . Bill nuiiuar .......... BUSINESS OKF1CU w. KDITORIAL. DEPT. PHONES PHONES Pra. and Mgr. ISO!) V. Managln Editor 81 Advertising 1-rr. 41 W ttocletv Editor 48 Office; Journal BWr.. Cor. Intendencla and DeLuna Sta xuw Ainucuicd rngs is exclusively ejuucu i ds for republication of aQ news credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper and also to local news published. Entered as second class matter at the postcflce in pensacola, Fla.. under Act of Congress, Mr.rch 1879. Represented tn the General Advertising; Field by CONE. LORENZEN & WOODMAN New fork. Chlca.ro. Detroit. Kansas City. Atlanta. PENSACOLA, FLA., MONDAY. OCT. 27. 1919. PENSACOLA TRUSTS FAIRMINDED NESS OF COMMISSIONERS. At the last hour. Jacksonville la coming out into the arena, and is attempting: to make a last sfand (or the centennial celebration, and in spite of the fact that St. Augustine, Tampa and Miami are sup posed to be out of the running, expressions from St. Augustine and Jacksonville papers indicate that these two cities are unwilling- for Pensacola" to have the celebration which belongs to her by every his torical, sentimental and commercial claim. John S. Beard, in his speech before the Centennial Purchase Commission yesterday voiced the senti ment of "West Florida tshen he said that under no consideration would this section of the state con tent to four -centennial celebrations, and reminded lie commissioners that their duties, as designated by :he Florida legislature, consisted in the designation f the centennial site, and not in the location of ny fair or number of fairs in the state. It was spe :lfically stated by the legislature that the duties de volving upon the commissioners was the choice of a lite for a centennial" celebration, international in its scope, and splitting the centennial Into four state 'airs, to satisfy various sections of the state, is en irely without the province of the Florida Purchase Centennial Commission. The following editorial, appearing- in The Times Jnlon of Saturday, is an indication that the entire ate is waking up to the fact that Pensacola Intend o have the big show. y At the meeting of the Florida centennial expo sition committee and business men in the cham ber of commerce Thursday afternoon, it was stated by some of the speakers that there was a sentiment abroad that Jacksonville was not ca pable of handling a big international exposition or fair. These speakers emphatically repudi ated such an assertion and called upon those present to witness the fact that Jacksonville had never fallen down on anything it had under taken. In a dispatch from Tampa Friday morning-, it is stated that the centennial committee of Tam pa held a meeting about the same time in Tampa and decided to go before the commission ap- pointed by the legislature, at its meetings in Pensacola Saturday and Jacksonville Monday and demand that the Centennial Exposition be split up into four fairs to be held in Tampa, Jacksonville, Miami and Pensacola. Something over a month ago Tampa decided that it was unable to entertain the centennial and now it has taken the responsibility of deciding- for Jack sonville that this city is in the same boat. By what authority does it pass this to the commls- elon. If such a ridiculous position were taken by the commission it would result In four cities in the state holding local celebrations of the one hun dredth anniversary f the purchase of Florida by the United States from Spain, Each of these cities would be shooting wild in its advertising and duplicating each other and the result would be a confusion among the people and a decision to the effect that Florida was a house divided against itself and none of the little shows were worth making the trip to Florida for. In other words, the Tampa crowd hates to be left out of , it, although unwilling to take the initiation in the big affair and for purely personal gain would kill the great opportunity of advertising Florida as it has never been advertised before. But enough of this, as the plan will not be given serious consideration by the commission. At the meeting held here Thursday it was de cided to appoint a committee of fifteen repre sentative citizens to meet the commission Mon day, take them on a tour of the city and suburbs, showing them several desirable sites that are available for the exposition grounds, the new million dollar union depot and transportation facilities, the many hotels and apartments that will be available for the entertainment of the , crowds and the other general advantages of Jacksonville for the location of the centennial. This committee will then go into session with the commissioners and present a definite propo sition for the handling of the big international fair, give assurance of their ability to finance it and carry it to completion in a manner that will do credit to the state and the country. The personnel of this committee is vastly im portant and we hope it will be selected purely on public spirited lines with the sole idea of hav ing each man on the committee a man who stands for something back of him. He need not be the brainiest man or the smartest man but he should stand for something substantial and represent backing that is the same as bonds. Such a committee should have as its members the mayor of the city, president of 'the council, chairman of the board of city commissioners, chairman of the board of county commissioners, president of the chamber of commerce, president of the real estate board, president of the Rotary . club, president of the Klwanis club, president of the county liberty leagues, presidents of at least three of the big banks and editors of the two daily newspapers. Such a committee would rep- -resent the public officials of the city and county, the civic organizations, the financial institutions and the publicity centers and when this is done Hire Months. Pally and Sunday 1. six Months. Dally and Sunday Dne Tear. Dally and Sunday 3undy Only. One Tear fha Weekly Journal. One Tear 1 0 jwii subscriptions are payatole in aavancg. . it means that the bone and sinew of the city and county are standing back of this movement in a solid phalanx and are prepared to put it over 100 per cent strong. Wo have many advantages to offer over any other city in the state but all of these offers' must be backed up with adequate financial re sources and each organization represented oh this committee should be prepared to back up its representative with a definite offer of finan cial and moral assistance. Personalities should . be entirely eliminated at this time, the selection of a site is an after thought, the management is something to be considered later, when the lo cation is finally decided upon. Now it is a pull altogether to land the centennial in Jacksonville and everything else should be relegated to the rear until that Important question is settled. . The Journal has this to say: The commissioners which met in Pensacola Monday heard claims put forward based on fairness and justice; they were informed of the historical reasons; they were shown commercial and financial reasons for holding the ex position here. Not one point was overlooked. The decision now rests with the commission, which is composed of five of the most representative men in the state. There is one West Floridian on that board, but he has back of him the sentiment of an entire section, he has the financial backing' of all West Florida, and he has the knowledge that he is fighting for his own. In the fairmindedness of the commisslo. Pensa cola rests secure. I MAKE THE NEXT GENERATION FIT When a year or two years ago the young man hood of America was being called to the colors by the thousands and tens of thousands, the disagree able but undoubted fact was born home to the country that an appalling percentage of her citizens were physically . unfit. ' While the requirements for military service were high, they were not too drastic. They represented in their physical aspects only that which the average man would want himself to be and his sons to be. Yet it is stated that one out of every three, men called before the draft boards was disqualified for physical disability, and that, of the 800,000 men re jected on all grounds, 75 per cent were disqualified for preventable disability. ( That is one startling fact brought out during the war which America can not afford to forget, though it forgets all others.) Eight hundred thousand of our sons are not strong, not well enough to do a man's work or fight a man's fight. And seventy-eight per cent of them would not be in such deplorable condi tion had the remedy been applied in time. We can not help them now, but we can help and we should help our sons' sons. It rests with us to say whether one out of three of the next generation shall be weaklings, or whether we shall apply the remedy that will save them from such a fate. We have such a remedy in the future plans of the Amer ican Red Cross for the health and welfare of our nation. By supporting the work of the Red Cross to the limit we are taking the surest means within our power to. make our children and our children's children, stronger, healthier and happier than their forebears. BOND ELECTION FOR ROADS The movement backed by the Kiwanls club and other public spirited citizens of Pensacola, for the call of an election to place 125,000 bonds on the market for the purpose of completing the road be tween Pensacola and the government reservations, should have the support of the people of Pensacola, and should serve as a warning for future public con struction. In the issue of The Journal, December 11th, 1918, a warning note was sounded, with the publication of a charge made by the chairman of bond trustees of the county, who appeared before the commission ers on December 10th, to serve notice that in the event that the original specifications for the inter bayou road were changed, it would mean that the contractors would be paid nearly one-third more for the change, and that lack of funds would leave about one mile of the road uncompleted. A member of the county board of bond trustees is authority for the statement that the unfinished stretch of road is just about a mile as was predict ed in December and that had the work been done according to the original plans, the deficit would not have occurred, and the road by this time would have been completed. y The original estimate called for a road five inches In thickness at the curbing and six inches thick in the center. The change in specifications required that the road be six inches in thickness at the curbing and seven inches at the center. The fact that the road which was put down by the United States government is not as thick as required In the later specifications would seem to prove con clusively that the change in specifications wasv un warranted, as the traffic which passes over the road built by the government and that now under con struction by the county commissioners is the same. It seems very clear that a serious mistake has been made. It is too late now to correct that mis take, and the only plan which seems open to the commissioners, or which presents a practical solu tion of the difficulty, is the calling of an election, under Section 5. Law 122. in relation to the issuance of bonds for construction and maintenance of roads and bridges,, which, if carried, will authorize the county commissioners to issue additional bonds of the same denomination and running the same num- Walt Masons Daily Poem WEATHER All moods are due to weather, I often sadly think; when rain clouds get together they put me op the blink. They chafe my sunny spring, so you'd with me condole; they freeze, or pretty near it. the cur rent of my soul. Outdoors it's raining, rainimr, with steady beat and slow; the night wind is c-.nip:r.lning of some unchartered woe. It tells of ghastly sorrows that long dead people knew, and hints that our to morrows will all be lemons, too. And I have grim forebodings that evil is in store; disaster, stern, corroding, is waiting at the door. But now the dawn is breaking, the night has journeyed by; and I, from sleep awaking, behold a cloudless sky. And I am blithe and chipper, and happy as can, be, as I pour down a dipper of fragrant wormwood tea. How could I be so silly. I ask, with great disdain; how could my feet grow chilly because of wind and rain? But when once more the torrent pours down from leaden skies, and when the winds abhorrent fill all the night with sighs, the fantods will come to me, as always they have come; and I'll be sad and gloomy, and sick and out of plumb. Copyright by George Matthew Adams. - ber of years and bearing the same interest as the original bonds voted for the carrying out. of the original program. One thing i3 ' very clear; some means must be devised for finishing the Barrancas road. The fact that mistakes have been made in the past and that the work has been delayed for many months, makes it more imperative that some Immediate steps be taken to place the road in proper condition. As it la now it is a detriment' to this entire section. Con stant complaint has been made by officials Of the Naval Air Station, the Pensacola Shipbuilding plant, and Fort Barrancas for some relief from the pres ent Inconvenience caused by work on the road being held up. x . The special election, and i 'aclng on the mar ket of $25,000. additional I eems to offer the only solution of the problem. Kiwanls Club and business men back of the movement to have the road completed are deserving of the closest cooperation. I Florida's Centennial I (Savannah News) , Georgia, especially this portion of the state, is much interested in the proposed celebration of the hundredth anniversary of the signing of the treaty by which Florida passed under the legal Jurisdiction of the American flag and was placed in position to become a territory and then a member of the family of the United States. Following complicated and at times indefinite con ditions Florida, embracing more territory than it now Includes, under part British, part Spanish and sometimes French control, was In a bad way. In the early part of the past century the land was over run by white adventurers, escaped negro slaves and marauding Indians. Indians and negroes crossed in to Georgia frequently and plundered, burned and killed to flee into Spanish territory beyond the reach of the United , States authoritlesT' Georgians were anxious to have that annoying condition elimi nated and there was a natural desire on the part of the residents of this state to see the rich Florida peninsula taken into the fold. In 1818 Gen. Jackson, according to one historian conducting operations against the Seminoles, invaded Florida, defeated the Indians and took Pensacola, the government of which place had been supplying the red men with guns and ammunition. The town was restored to Spain, but in 1819 a treaty was concluded by which two years later, in 1821, Florida passed to the Uni ted States. It became a territory in March, 1822, and was admitted. to the union as a state in 1845. It was the necessity for protection of Georgians which first led to the efforts which opened the way to the acquisition of Florida, Georgians, as they studied the problem of protecting themselves from the ravages of the mongrel hordes which swarmed across the border, looked at the lands of the flowery country and decided that it would be a good thing to take it over as the work of correcting the evils which came from Its irresponsible population pro ceeded. ''... The plan worked. The acquisition and the elimi nation of the red and black "perils, flavored with the alien influences brought into the states one of the finest sections, a territory unique and to itself in many characteristics. Georgia is, therefore, more in terested in the centennial of the treaty-signing and the purchase of the Florida country than the people of any other state, save Florida itself, could be Georgians will watch with unusual Interest the plans of the centennial commission and will be glad to Join the peninsula state in its coming- celebration. - "Put It Over" Jacksonville. . Press accounts would indicate that Pensacola "put it over" Jacksonville at the . centennial meeting in Tallahassee Monday. The location of the big show was not decided by the commission, the members deciding to visit the two contending cities before awarding the coveted prize. Pensacola undoubtedly will be chosen in the wind up and we are so confi dent of this fact that we hereby tender thanks to the commission in advance. Bonifay Advertiser. f Escambia Might Do the Same. If Walton county wants any of the state and fed eral road money out of the present appropriation it is time to bet busy and very busy. The state road department has given notice that all counties not taking action to meet this appropriation by the first of January will be considered as having waived their rights in the matter and the money used in the counties that have taken such action. If we want the $60,000 to $100,000 assigned to this county we have barely time to circulate he petition, have the election called and held, and that without delay. DeFuniak Breeze. Not only Walton county but every county that is lagging behind, should take energetic steps to secure a portion of this road money. Good roads will help Florida more than any one thing that can be sug gested. Apalachicola Times. Thorn Favors Short Week. What's the matter with all men of all professions "rich man, poor man, beggar man, thief, doctor, lawyer," an the whole darn mix making this life a six hour five-day week, and thus secure two whole days for refreshment and sleep! The farmer would be glad were such a thing possible and the way to make it possible is to "demand;" the poultryman would be delighted to . separate himself from his flocks and chicks for 48 hours at a stretch; the milkman would be tickled to secrete all the products of his kine for two days, and the patrons would be correspondingly overjoyed; and so on and -so Orth, etcetera. I'm favoring this short week, you bet at least till half of us starve to death. Thorn in Palm Beach Post. They Were Cheerful Liars, Anyhow. The iconoclasts are smashing up lots of our war legends. One is that the Germans after the battle of Belleau Wood called our marines "devil dogs." It now comes to light that this was invented by an American correspondent and the Germans never heard of it until the war was over. Those corres pondents were a cheerful lot of liars. They were de cidedly at discount at the front, but much may be forgive them,- for they kept up the hearts of the people at home. Ocala Star. . More Ham and Bacon Florida-Grown. Federal statistics for February, 1919, show that Florida ranks twentieth as a hog producing . state, and twenty-fifth in estimated value of hogs on the farm. This Is encouraging to those breeders who have been endeavoring to raise the standard of qual ity of the hogs in this state, since the federal sta tistics for the previous year showed that Florida ranked forty-seventh in the estimated value of hogs, and nineteenth as a hog producing state. Field Agent Sam T. Fleming says that this In crease in the quality of Florida hogs will be greater during the present year than during- the past. Gxaceville News.' . .... ; I , WHICH SHALL IX BE? j Shall we have a small regular army and trust to luck that If we ever get Into a war somebody will hold the enemy for a year or so while we frantically squander fifteen or twenty billion dol lars getting ready? Or shall we adopt a system cf universal military training which not only will Insure our national security but will be of untold benefit to the health, discipline, and patriotic spirit of every young man, rich or poor, In the country? to murmurs, with the first hint of fall, swept on the winds that sent the clouds scurrying across the sky, mak ing the plane at last invisible. And then, suddenly, over the water, here and there a light glimmered in the dusk, then another, and another, as if some prodigal hand had reached down, and dropped glistening jewels to deck the breast of the waters. And, as if in answer to a summons, suddenly thousands of other friendly lights flashed out, to form a chain, diamond-bright, along the frnge of the bay. Up above in his plane the pilot swooped from behind the cloud and looked down on Pensacola harbor, which gleamed and gjistened with thousands of lights of the flotilla, rid ing safely at anchor. Perhaps it was because, so far from earth, everything takes on a strange and new significance, that looking on that jeweled fleet he seemed to see the ships of Spain, and of France, and of Great Britain, and of America, rid ing at anchor together, in the harbor over which the flags of five nations had been flung, long ago' to the Gulf Breeze. He seemed to see a great pageantry on which the world looked in wonder, to marvel that here, oii these historic waters, were assemble! the fleets from those countries which In the storied past had fought here for su premacy. But, as his plane came nearer, the fancy passed, and he saw lying below him on the water, a great flotilla, fly ing the insignia of his own country, and his heart thrilled to the sight. The ships lay there in the harbor, brilliant with lights, thirty destroyers and their auxiliaries like a handful of toy vessels against the miles of water with which they were Surrounded. And the man in the plane let his fancy free again, and he caw a d&y, in 1922, when this great flotilla and VIEWS OIN JOU RNAL READ E R S The Journal is glad to print Bhort communications from read ers on any topic of interest. 'Letters should be typewritten if possible, and double spaced. Editor The Pensacola Journal. Dear Sir: As November 11, Armis tice Day, draws near, the thought has occurred to me that Pensacola should take some steps to prepare for a suit able celebration. May I suggest that the city be asked to designate November 11, 1919, as a legal holiday and that a monster parade be held in which every organ-1 izatton in the city should be well rep resented? In the parade should be the Confederate veterans, the G. A. R., the local camp of the American Legion (veterans of this war), officers and men ffom the local forts and naval air station, the Red Cross, W. C. C. S., Jwish Welfare, K. of C.,- Y." M. C. A., Salvation Army, Army nursing corps, the Rotary club, Kiwanls club, all school children. W. O. W B. P. O. E., the centennial committee of one hundred, city and county officials, police and fire departments, all city and county employes, and many other local organizations too numerous to mention in detail. In former parades a lack of music has to a certain extent put a damper on the occasion and I would suggest that as many bands as possible be re quested to march. The- day should be given over to thanksgiving and merry making. In Jacksonville, on November 11, 1918, crowds thronged the streets from the moment the news of the signing of the armistice was flashed until a late hour he following morning. Bands played and those who cared to, danced and sang. It was an" inspiring sight and I trust that the heads of the or ganizations I have enumerated will get together and arrange some program to fittingly commemorate Armistice Day in Pensacola this year. . Very truly yours, . . R. M. KENNEDY. N 1914. Arras and near Ypres 3e nan. troops Arrasi and near Ypres German troops on left bank of Vistula rtivar in full retreat; Russian cavalry In Dadom General Botha, Premier of South Afri ca, commanding loyal forces routs rebels under General Beyers Agree ment between U. S. and Central Powers raises embargo on drug3 and chemicals. , 1915. French Cabinet, " headed by Premier Viviani resigns; Brand to succeed him 150.000 French land to aid Serbs; but German push on in North Serbia while Bugars take Taiecar and Pirot American troops arrive on Mexican border in Arizona to prevent raiding. 1916. Rumanians cheek invaders m the north Washington I receives British reply to its protest against "black list" of American flrms French close in on Fort, Vaux near Verdun; take quarry above . , Douaxnont Australia AND IT CAME TO PASS. Night cast its spell over the city, and the shifting clouds hid the stars behind their billowy banks, that but a few hours past had been gilded with the glory, cast by the last rays of the sun. in its dying splendor. There was a stillness in the air, broken only by the sleepy song of a bird , in the liveoaks. and a far off whirring of a giant plane which swept up and out beyond the cloud.-?, fia if searching for some mysterious un charted sea, leading to that undiscov ered country, in star-lighted realms of space, hidden from the world be low. ' , The waters of the bay fretted against the docks and wharves stirred Or shall we have a huge standing army that will cost a mint of money every year and result In the development of a militaristic clan and spirit In the country? - other mammoth ships of the United States navy would ride the watere, the centre of a great carnival of ship of Spain, of France, of Great Britain,, under whose domination the affalra off this city had been administered in th past. And the flags of the Alliea were there, and men who had made history in the world war trod th decks, In place of those who 'i .co had been in command of t!ie fleets which had invaded thia harbor, and which had fought their battles on Pensacola bay. And the pilot at his wheel vlsioneil another fleet which came up from the horizon, like mammoth birds rising on the . wings of the wind, and there vera hundreds of these great ships that flew over the city, and the .sound of their wings was as the voice of a great host, and they said: "We are the ships, of the air, chart ing the domain that lios between earth and sky; we are a part of the greatest panorama that has ever been viewed by the peoples of the nations of tha earth. Below us lie the ships of th Allies, and representatives of Spain assembled here in honor of that hour when' the state of which this city if a part, became one with this union, through purchase from its Mother Country." And the pilot rubbed his eyes, and awakened from his dream, and d-.fld down in his seaplane until be 'as close to the ships that lie fat crrhw In Pensacola bay. The ships that are an aus'jrj' of things to come; of a great navai re view, unequalled in all the history of the world, and a great historic pageant, to be held in Pensacola at the great World Exposition to celebrate the Pur chase Centennial in the Year 1922- iX3 What Happened Oct. 28. votes "no conscription." 1917 Two Italian armies in a disorgan ized rout. Austro-German forces press forward from Julian Alps to the sea taking Goriza and Cividale an! menacing Udlne; prisoners now toUl 100.000 and guns taken 700 Allies gain in Flanders; strive desperately to break German lines to relieve pres sure on Italian front. , 1918. Austria accepts all of Wilson's con ditions; asks for an armistice imme diately on Allies' terms French Srlve Germans back between the Oise and the Serre; gain two miles in deptn crossing Peron Rtvtr and liberate? many villages British troop inter Lys Italian and British forces ad vance four miles beyond the r,d River; take 9.000 Austrian- and 51 guns Count James Mlnotto. 'German nobleman, names Joseph Caillaux x Premier of France as member of own spiracy to disrupt the Allies. L A. Lm