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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBE 2, 1919.
NAWS EAT1 COMING Giving the NC-4 Final Inspection Before Flight NC-4 With Com. Read Due In Port Today Famous Pilot of Famous Plane Has Same Crew as That Which Successfully Crossed the Atlantic With Him in May, 1919. Will Tou Far Up the Mississippi River. JOSEPHUS DANIELS Ut o - v t - . GR PLANE ( - i w v i ' , ."W L, 7 vvi' :.m I? l y 3C Here Is the NC-4 with a ssuad of mechanics and riggers climbing all over her, giving her the last "double the trans-Atlantic flight, with her crew of five United States navjr avia tors. v Caproni Sees Wonderful Future Facing Aviation (By Countess Maria Albertini Loschl of the Foreign Press Service.) (Special Despatch to the Foreign Press Service, Copyright, 1919, all rights reserved.) Rome, Nov. 1. "Our workers -in aviation at Zizzola have never gone on strike," said Gianni Caproni. , '.'They seem too Interested in the develop ment of aviation to think of social war. ies. Naturally we . have not ig nored the tendencies toward social evolution hre. Someone recently put; forward in our shops a program for an aviation soviet. I had no rea son to complain personally, for the workers offered me a salary of Sixty thousand. That is much more than I ever got from the government." The Jocular air of this industrial pioneer In Italian aviation was easy to understand. Vizzola-brughiera, a picturesque Lombard town' on the banks of the Ticino Is a. beautiful tpot. Caproni loves it because ! there his first inventor's shop was located. He had seen that shop grow into a great aviation school, at a time when flying was less encouraged and : much less understood than today. Now it is the Bite of his great factories for fly ing machines. Each workman here has a comfortable cottage. The avia tion works, besides, have their own outdoor and indoor baths and gymna sia, their own movie theatre, their own automobiles for picnicing trips. There are school and university scholarships for the children of the workmen. I was asking Caproni his opinion of the various trans-Atlantic flights and the reasons why Italy did not com pete. I believe our Italian machines could have crossed the Atlantic three years ago," said Caproni. "We were ready to try, but the government was not at all interested, perhaps rightly so, because then there was plenty of other -things to worry about." -Just - a suggestion of disappointment" flitted across the face of tM clever inven- j tor, to whom the world owes the ere- j TO Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays;. Sundays All Departments , Closed PALAFOX AND GREGORY V V::; ation of the most stable of all ma chines, the Caproni plurimotor and plu-ri-pilot aeroplane' which made possi ble the alternate use of. engines, of fering the best possible security for long flights such as that across the Atlantic. . , "Xow however," continued? Caproni "the time for stunt flights . Is ' pass-' ing. ' Wo are entering a- great com mercial era In aviation, and the com petitions of the immediate future will be Industrial competitions. Govern ment patronage is going to be re placed entirely by private enterprise. Aviation has got to make good on its own feet, or wings, if you wish as something that pays." - J 'What is to be the part of Italy In this effort?" I asked. "Up to yesterday,'' answered Gianni Caproni, "Italy had three hundred and fifty thousand specialized workmen in aviation, not to mention - her- army of pilots whose competence everybody knows. Ihis gives us ' an exceltent start, because, .as you are doubtless aware. In the manufacture of aero planes, eighty per cent of the success depends on workmanship and only twenty on raw materials. Italy can not plead poverty of resources, if she falls behind In aviation. We have then a natural, a geographical advantage. Italy is a natural stopping place for aerial navigation between the West nd the East. We are . going to become one of the great 'aerial docking places' of the world. ; The condition which made Italy the greatest mediae, val maritime, nation may reappear to some extent in aviation." ' . , . Something of what Caproni was thinking of, could be seen from the great plane beside which we were standing. It was a plurimotor and double-decker Caprortl triplane, with seats for forty persons and all the conveniences of homebesides. Why a similar machine could not.be made fdr a Hundred people, promenade decks and all was surely;, not obvious .to the A L L Effective since October .-29thy TANDAI , f '-4. 'i7K , 'i simple-minded observer. ' What will the world be like, when aerial navigation between the nations becomes an ordinary fact of life," I asked. "The aerial age," said Caproni. "will be the beginning of real contact and understanding between peoples. There will be a blending of . political ideas, and systems, a close interchange of manners and customs, not to mention fashions and the like. Just imagine! A New" York specialist will be able to answer an urgent call for an opera ation in London in a few hours. If you "think your dealer is not giving you real Turkish cigarettes, you can take a hop to Constantinople or Pera and get some for. yourself. If your husband scowls at your frock in 1 the morning you can run over to Paris and come back with a new one hr time for dinner. If he says some eve ning that he must go to the club, you can answer, 'Very well, I'll Just drop down for a call on Edith at' Rio Janeiro. See you later.'. There is no limit .you see, to what aviation may dor for the world." "Is that all you are going to do for the women folks?". I asked. "We can offer you jobs in our shops," he replied "We used a great many women, "especially at Taliedo' during the war, and they gave excel lent results." ,x. ."And how about " ' ' . Tes, yes, everything, schools for girls, gymnasia, shower baths ma ternity hospitals, recreation rooms, all the up-to-dae stuff. The social re formers have got to fly some to catch up with aviation. We are too busy to bother with Bolshevism." And it was easy to see why Gianni Caproni was popular with his men. HIS PROUDEST "HONOR." .' Lieut.-Commander Read received many medals for his Trans-Atlantic Flight, but his proudest honor was that conferred by his mother when she pinned a rose on his blouse. PEAKE ELECTRIC CO. The Home of Exidp Battery " . Service v - , . West Garden St . Phone 345 Mm T we have changed our hours of closing", and will ohserve from this date the following hours in our sales Thursdays and Fridays Closing at 8 P. M. : ': : : , : : : Saturdays Closing at 10 P. M. Except the Storage Department, Which Will Remain Open 8 to 9 A. M. and 6 to 7 P. M. MOTOR yi. s - O" before she takes-to he air for ITINERARY OF NC4. , ; The following schedule covers trip of NC-4 from Washington, D. C. to the end. All dates are subject to change due to weather conditions etc. Attention is called to the fact that the dates given are the dates of leaving the corresponding towns. Date of arrival in a town is in every case the same as the .date of leavng the preceding town. The Naval Recruit ing Occifers along the route will be kept informed by Lieut. Commander Read of the progress of the tour: Washington, D. C-, October 18. Norfolk. Va., October 23. Charleston,-S. .C. October 27. Savannah, Ga October 27. Jacksonville,' Fla., October 30. Miami, F4a"prNovember 3.? v ' Pensacola, Fla., November 5. Memphis, Tenn., November 6. Cincinnati. Ohio, November 10. Louisville, Ky November 13. 5 Owensboro, Ky., November 15. , . Evansville. Ind., Novemberl7. Faducah. Ky., November 19. St. Louis, Mo, November 22. Cairo, 111., November 25. Helena, Ark., December 3. . Arkansas City, Ark., December 3. ; Greenville, Miss, December 5. Vicksburg, Miss., December 8. Natchez, Miss. December 10. V Baton Rouge, La., December 13. ;.New Orleans, La., December 17. -Galveston, Texas December 17. "Mobile Ala, December 22. Pensacola, Fla., December 22. THE QUALITY SHOP 125 S. Palafox St. Ladies' to Wear THEY ALL RAVE OVER IT THE LIZZIE SCOOTER If Tou Drive a -Ford Investigate. You Will Eventually Own One. II. A. Beard, Route 1. WATCH WINDOWS POSS NEW DRY GOODS STORE 31 South Palafox Street 7 O MOBILE' OWN Successors to Abbott Auto Supply Co. C P. ROWAN, Manager The IT. S. Navy's famous sea plane, NC-4, the largest plane in the world and first to cross the Atlantic Ocean, which is now making a tour of the eastern coast and Mississippi River and tributaries in the interest of the Recruiting Service, : will in Pensacola tomorrow. The mammoth trans-atlantic flier is in personal command of Lieutenant Commander Albert C. Read and orig inal crew that successfully piloted her across the oce i in her epoch making flight. Starting at Portland, Me., the flo tilla, which comprises the NC-4 and the destroyer Isabel, have made stops at all important cities on the east coast and have been given tremen dous receptions in all cities visited. The NC-4 comes to Pensacola ex actly intact as when she made the now historical flight. At the termination of the flight across the ocean she was dismantled and returned to the United States and placed on exhibition in Grand Central Park, New York City, where hundreds of thousands of per sons viewed her. She was then as sembled atRockaway Beach, Long Island, N. Y., and started the Re cruiting "tour on, September 21, at Portland, Maine. Not only is the -NC-4 the first heavier than air craft to cross the Atlantic, but she is the largest sea plane ever constructed and of a pure ly American design. She has a wing spread of 126 feet, length over all 6S feet, with a 45 foot hull. Without crew, fuel or equipment she weighs eight tons and loaded with fuel and manned ready for flight her total weight is fourteen tons. Her maxi mum speed is ninety three miles per hour, and she has carried as mar as fifty passengers at one time. The building of planes of such mammoth size was strictly in line with the program laid out. by the Navy Department to combat the sub marine menace, and had the enmy under sea craft gained the upper hand during' 1918 there would not be hun dreds of these giant planes crossing the Atlantic, making the operation of the submarine an impossibility. On the first trans-Atlantic flight the, NC-4 left Rockaway Beach, Long Secretary Daniels "Tries Out" The NC-4 " : i lLl It ' - - " " -v - mm Secretary Daniels made his first inspection of the NC-4, the first tr ans-.lantlc plane, and tried . a seat In the cockpit, when it was brought to Washington to be made ready for tour of Atlantic coast and gulf cities. Lieutenant Commander Read also isaeaSed in the plane. After its exhibition tour the NC-4 will be brought back, dismantled -and placed in the National museum. GAR Island, X. Y..' on May 8. arriving at Plymouth, England, on May 11, 1918, having covered a total distance of 4,486 miles in 57 hours and 16 minutes at an average speed of 78 miles per hour. , ; . . Prior, to the trans-Atlantic flight of the NC-4 no- airplane had ever flown out "'to sea far enough to warrant the use of the sun, moon and stars for fix. ing a geographical position as is done on sea-going ships. Therefore, to cope with this situation is was neces sary to invent numerous , new and novel instruments for navigational u.e, foremost among which are the aerial sextant, drift and speed indica tor, and course and 'distance indica tor. ; Therefore, "In addition to her his torical status, 'the NC-4, offers many interesting structural features, all of whvich the " officers in charge take pleasure in explaining to visitors. At the termination of the present recruiting tour the historical craft will be placed on permanent exhibi tion in the National Museum so that future generations may see the type of craft which first spanned the Atlantic Ocean 3iy the' air route. ' The tour of the NC-4 Is being con ducted by the Recruiting Division of the Bureau of Navigation, Navy De partment, in the interest of the re cruiting service. Enlistments are now being made in all branches of the service, and never befsre were such opportunities offered to the ambitious young men of the country. Our Navy now is among the foremost in the $-rld. During the -war-, new;. ships were pla-ced in: commission :so : fast that it was necessary to man them with Naval Reserve men, all of whom are now be ing placed on Inactive duty, and pro motion for the Regular Service man was never so quick or" so certain as at the present time. Congress has also recently made the , war pay per manent,' making our navy the high est paid service, men in the world, today.;'' ;V v v:,tV:--v" 41: v"?"- On this stop'J.he NC-4 and Its .per sonnel ; are-not paying their official visit to the city of Pensacola, but are merely stopping for fuel and minor ad justments or repairs to the NC-4. The exact length ' of their stay 4 at the Air Station is uncertain, but; will not be - -.X.- - j -. - gsg V " ' i- I V.'-..--- M . f. ... . v--"- COMPANY LAX J fx pu ikTDaui EL& Secretary of the Navy more than a very" few days, at the most. The NC-4 will then proceed west ward on her general tour and on her return trip in December will make her official visit to the city. Two naval air station seaplanes of the single Liberty engine type, HS-2 will meet the NC-4 today at Apalaehicola nd convoy her to the station. The NC-4 as she will be seen by the neonle here is exactlv the same as when she dropped Hshtly on the water at Lisbon, Portugal, and thus success fully brought home to the United States the honor of being the first nation to successfully put an airplane across the Atlantic. In each of the towns visited all are Invited to see her. Young men in particular are asked to talk with the men that fly her and then make up their mind whether It la worth while to join the Navy. In all of the cities so far visited, recruiting has been almost doubled. Young men. who are unable to af ford the training of advanced school, have joined the Navy to obtain a bet ter education and learn a trade. Naval Aviation has many advantages and offers many opportunities. Men who previously were enlisted men have now passed out of these ranks and into thoso of an officer. There is a need of pilots and the enlisted mn may sooner or later qualify which will entitle him to 60 per cent Increase in pay. THE LE ADER Stadium Clothes- Union Made 218 S. PaJaifox St. department! PHONE 415