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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 5, 1919.
DAILY WEEKLY SUNDAY Journal Publishing Company I.OI8 K. MATES, President. " mmm HOWARD LEE MATES. Secretary and Treasurer. Conducted from 1892 to 1915 Under tb Editorship and Management of Col. Frank L. Mayes. - MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS American Newspaper PuMIsr-erW Association Florida AYess Association. . Southern Newspaper Pntmsners' Aagoclatlon SUBSCRIPTION RATES One Week. Dally and Sunday Two Weeks, Daily and Sunday One Month. Dally and Sunday Tihu HfnntHB Ttallv mnri Rlinl1lV ........ .15 M .eft 1.65 S.2S .50 1.69 1 SO A. . . V " V V"t J . J " t. . cut &i oni no, i&ujr inn One Tear. Dally and Sunday . Sunday only, one year Th TCTob-lTr Tniiraal Onn "Tear . Mall unbscrtpMons are payable In advance. nTT?rJP"sl OFFlCtJ KDITOP.IAli DErl. ""f"' rtiTtx- "Editor 48 Office: Jcmal BWg.. Cor. Intendencla and DeLuna sis. ttae. for republication of all news credited to It or noi ctherwlse credited In this paper and also to iocai n published. ' Kntered second class matter at the : poate'fice n Ptnsacola. Ha., under Act of Congress. March s, Represented m the General Advertising- Field by CONK, LORENZEN & WOODMAN New Tork. Chicago, Detroit. Kansas City. Atlanta, PENSACOLA. FLA., WEDNESDAY. NOV. 5, 1919 THE JOURNAL AWAITS DECISION ' Beforo the commission has met, before any an nouncement of Its findings has been made; before any . definite conclusion has been reached by the commission, the Jacksonville Metropolis makes the following announcement: - The designation of Jacksonville as the Bite for the staging of the big centennial to cele brate the purchase of Florida from Spain will open the way for unprecedented activity m tne development of realty In this city. The period preceding the actual staging of thei big cele- bration will witness a large influx of people, especially workers, who will settle in Jackson ville. The celebration itself will also bring whom will become permanent residents. This will necessitate the building of new hotels, nrartmonta and homes. Anartment houses and hotels will be In special demand and it is the wise man who will get In on the ground floor and lay plans immediately for the construction of apartment houses. ' Jacksonville is going to leap forward many years with the staging of the centennial and there is real opportunity for the investor. . It would seem to The Journal, if Jacksonville has received any assurance from the commission that the centennial celebration is to take place -In that city, that such announcement as' is made to the public should come from the commission and not from the Metropolis. Eut The Journal does not believe that The Me tropolis has any such assurance, nor does It believe that any such unfounded claims will aid Jackson ville in getting the,, centennial celebration. The Journal awaits the decision of the commit tee, "before announcing the site of the centennial celebration, and would advise The Metropolis to do the same. ;- - v FOR OUR RED CROSS Are you ' wearing a Red Cross button today, or are you too rich or too poor to Join the Red Cross? Are you so rich that you do not need its ministra tions; so rich, that you do not come in touch with its needs ; so rich that you have no place for its service; so rich, "that you do not hear the voices that speak the name of the Red Cross in reverence and love? Or are you so poor . that you cannot afford to wear a Red Cross button? So poor "in spirit that you cannot spare enough, cannot deny yourself enough, cannot go without enough of bodi ly comfort or recreation to pay a dollar for mem bership in the Red Cross? 1 :V Thank God, there are few In the United States, bo poor as that. There I are few, . whose penury is such that they cannot become a member of the greatest organization in all the world. And for. those who cannot spare the dollar, and there are some few who are not able, there is the good word that may be said, the gpod.wish that may be given, the prayer that may be offered for the success of the Red Cross Roll Call. God . pity the man who is too poor to say a word, to offer a prayer, or to give a dollar for the Red Cross. And for , the man; who is too rich to understand the needs, to realize the hope that the work of the Red Cross has put into the heart of world, his penury is even greater. The Red Cross needs only the dollar that is blessed with good wilL . And there are thousands of those dollars in Pensacola today, that will roll up a mighty total for the Red Cross Roll Call, which will close on Armistice Day. PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRESS That public sentiment was strongly back of the health program that haa been outlined by the Uni ted States government, and which is being put into practice &11 over the United States, was clearly demonstrated at the Public Health convention, re cently held in New Orleans. This meeting was attended by many hundreds of health experts from all over the United States, and nothing was so stressed as the importance of a full-time health officer , and the necessity of child welfare work, at this time. The most prominent physicians in the United States attended the conference, and it was stated by many of them that the child welfare work was the one thing most needed at this time. The most prominent physicians in the United States attended the convention, and it was brought out that the two crying needs of the hour are ganitation and child welfare work. ' : Without ore dissenting voice,' the conclusions of ;the convention were that the only effective health program was that conducted under the di rection of a full time health officer. The recent meeting in Pensacola, under the auspices of the state board of health, and the ex aminations of the children ' cf the public schools, are a step forward In public Jiealth work, and it is to be hoped that the day may yet come when Escambia county may have not only competent welfare workers, but a full time health officer' as well, and that the sanitation of the city, and the work of the public- health department may be such as to place this county above reproach. COTTON AND THE SOUTH Senator Hoke Smith, of Georgia, is quoted as having said in a recent speech In New Orleans: "The Southeastern , states would be today in a vastly, more prosperous condition if they had never raised a bale of cotton. Their farm lands are splendidly suited for raising food crops. In no section can cattle and hogs be raised at less cost. In these states pasturage is good nine months out of the year. Corn can be produced in limitless quan tities. Peanuts and velvet beans fatten hogs and cattle at nominal cost. , "The farmers of the middle west grew rich by producing foodstuffs. Their lands reached a value of 150 per acre, while lands in the southeastern states, due to cotton, were worth less than $20.00 per acre. Commenting on this the Industrial Index says : It is to bo doubted if Senator Smith said just this. He has stood staunchly atWashington for the rights and welfare of the cotton farm er, and undoubtedly he " appreciates the great value of the cotton crop to the south. The soil and climate of the south are fitted peculiarly for the production of cotton. In no other part of the' world are the conditions so ' favorable for the growing of cotton of equal quality. To say that this great natural ad vantage should have been permitted, to go. un used is hardly reasonable. ; The trouble has not been with the crop, but . rather with the system under which it has been grown. All that the senator says regarding the growing of other crops -and the raising of livestock shows his keen, comprehensive in sight into conditions. The diversification of crops so long urged has been made a neces sity at.last and. the results will be beneficial. But, the millions of dollars received annual ly for the south's cotton crop and by-products must be counted an important" factor in the prosperity . and - progress of this part of the country.. ' -.vi 't GREAT CATTLE SHOW Less than a month distant, the Florida State Fair and Exposition, for the 1919 season, is rap idly getting into shape, according to The Times Union, and is giving promise of not only being the greatest fair ever produced inrf Florida, but one of the largest and best" ever assembled in the south. More than fifteen hundred head of livestock will be exhibited at the fair, forming the largest cattle chow ever held in the south. Premiums in the live .stock department alone- total $16,000, while the total cash prize lisj for this year's fair is $30,000, exclusive of special prizes in the' Poultry Show, which will be another big fair feature. Work has been going on at the fair grounds for more than three months In active preparation for the fair, and the principal exhibit buildings have been Increased in. capacity.' The cattle barns and the swine barns have been added to give accom modations for fifty per cent increase in the num ber of exhibits showing at the fair last -year, and It. has been found necessary to make provision for handling more cattle than even this increase can oare for. THE CROP OUTLOOK , The October crop report of the Department of Agriculture forecasts a yield of 2,900,511,000 bushels of corn. This indicated production compares ' with 2,582.S14,000 bushels 'harvested in 1918, and 3,965, 233,000 bushels in 1917. The Indicated production of spring wheat this year ' is 203,170,000 bushels., compared with 358,651,000 bushels in 1918, and 223,754,000 bushels in 1917. The preliminary yield of winter wheat this year is 715,301,000 bushels, com pared with 558,449,000 bushels in 1918, and 412, 901,000 bushels in 1917. The indicated production of all wheat this year is given as 918,471,000 bushels, against 917,100,000 bushels in 1918, and 636,655,000 bushels in 1917. Following are other' government crop estimates: Rye, 84,552,000 bushels, against 90,183,000 bushels last year; rice, 44,261,000 bushels, against 40,424,000 -bushels lastyear; peaches, 51, 327,000 bushels, against 34,133,000 bushels last yar; pears, 13,687,000 bushels, against 10,342,000 bushels last year; tame hay, 86,623,000 tons, against 66,696,-. 000 tons last year; wild hay, 16,821,000 tons against 14,374,000 tons last year; sugar beets, 17,303,000 tons, against 5,090,000 tons last year. i Potatoes and Tea. I The people of Jackson, Tennessee, eat potatoes. They buy a great many potatoes from Chicago. They pay a freight rate of 49 cents a hundred to get a car of potatoes hauled from Chicago, a dis tance of 477 miles. t - But the railroads will haul that car of potatoes right through Jackson and on to New Orleans, a distance of 929 miles, for a freight rate of only 45 cents a hundred from Chicago a less rate for twice the distance. That makes the cost of living higher in Jackson, even though it. is nearer the source of supply. The railroads arbitrarily levy a tax on every meal eaten at Jackson, Tennessee. A tax on tea started the Revolutionary war. More people eat potatoes than drink tea. Yet po tatoes Is only an example. The railroads have been for year? levying the same kind of a tax Walt Masons Daily Poem THE CRISIS The crisis of a year ago looks flabby, now its days are o'er; but, oh, what fits we used to throw, when that cheap crisis had the floor i We viewed that crisis with alarm, it was a fightful thing to see, it couldn't fail to wound and harm the bul warks of our liberty. It crised around a day or two, and then abjectly looped the loops; another crisis loomed in view and called for wails and maudlin whoops. I've seen a hundred crises come and rear themselves on end and go; I've seen my neighbors stricken dumb by threats of coming doom and woe. And still our country jags along, and finds release from every plight; and if a dozen things are wrong, about a million things are right. Whene'er a crisis blows its trump, the rabbit-hearted tear their hair, and say we're headed for the dump, in haste but I refuse to scare. I've heard the croy of "Wolf so long, I look on wolves as hop-joint brutes; no crisis can dis'turb the song of sane and joyous souled galoots. Bring on your crisis," one by one, or trot 'em forth in groups of eight; the optimist" will take his gun, and make the blamed things rull their freight. Copyright by George Matthew I Adams. 1 against the intermediate . South and the interior West on everything the West and South have bought from the North and East. : ' The West and South have organized to fight this tax to the finish. Either this tax on the South and West must be removed, or else the same tax must be levied on the Interior East; " If the present rule is good, we insist that it op erate bothy ways. We insist that Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Indian apolis and Columbus pay a higher freight rate on western wool and canned salmon than New York does.';'.'-"'' - -": We insist that Philadelphia, Trenton- and Hart ford pay a higher rate on southern cotton than Boston does. We Insist that Omaha and Kansas City pay a higher rate on southern cane sugar than Chicago does. Senate Bill 360, now pending before the Senate committee on Interstate Commerce, and House Bill 3136, now pending before the House committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, if ' enacted by congress, will put a stop to these discriminations. ' The West and South, are seeking the enactment of these bills. If they are not passed then we shall demand that the Interstate Commerce Commission make the violation of the Jong and short haul prin cipal universal and apply with equal force against the East and the North. SOUTHERN INTERIOR TRAFFIC ASSOCIA TION. Jackson. Tenn. RENO COMMERCIAL, CLUB, Reno, Nev. SPOKANE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. Spo . kane, Wash. MANKATO COMMERCIAL ASSOCIATION, Pendleton, Ore. PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION OF NEVADA, Carson City. - ' Florida Press Opinion Compensation of County Agents" - Most of the progressive counties of Florida seem to appreciate the work of their county agents. Moreover, the appreciation appears to be growing. Witness some of the amounts they pay these agents: Lee. $3,600; Palk, $3,300; Marion, $3,000; Alachcua, $3,000; Orange. $2,600; Palm Beach, $2,700; Dade, $2,700. Even little Bay county, situated far in the west end of the state with only 3,909 acres in actual cultivation in 1918, compared with the 6,740 acres In the same' condition" that year in Duval county, pays its county agent $2,400. But that the people of Bay county are wide awake and progressive Is shown by the Increase between 1916 and -1918 of more than 163 per cent in the acerage under actual cul tivation in that county compared with the less than 30 per cent increase in Duval county in that time. Bay county does not contain the "gateway of Florida." Its county agent has nothing to do but to counsel its farmers and aid them to improve their agriculture enough for one man to do, if done conscientiously. The. same Is true of the other counties named. Yet they appreciate their county agents and pay them generously. Their agents do not have to answer questions about the suitability of other-counties for particular lines of agricultural endeavor, such questions as visitors -to the state ask the Duval county agricultural agen questions which require' that he shall have some acquaintance with "the capabilities of all parts of the state. Most of them do not need to concern themselves with the stimulation , of production to meet the needs of a great local market. Duval county, if we remember rightly, pays its county agent about the same that Bay county does; Duval county has a county agent with a reputation more than state-wide as an expert in several lines of agriculture, recognized as an expert in some of them by the United States department of agricul ture, yet it pays .him no more than little Bay coun ty does its agricultural agent. It should aim to be the leader of the state, for it has a soil equal to that of any other and superior advantages in some re spects, yet It pays its county, agent no more than Bay county does Its agent. Times-Union. The Indian and the Berries ' From far-off Montana comes the story which, in brief, tells of an Indian who, for a number , of years has been" in the business of picking berries, which grow in luscious abundance in the locality of his wigwam, and selling them in the nearby settle ments, or towns, at the price of 5 cents per quart. For years this has been his unvarying price. Re cently, however, when, in the annual berry season, Mr. Indian made his appearance and offered of his product for sale his price had advanced to 2a' cents per quart He was asked why this very much higher price for the same variety and qualijy of berries he had been selling at the lower price. V He replied: "Heap big war someplace me just Viear about um." Judging by the mounting prices for many if hot most of the necessities of life, of the demands for higher and higher wages and less and less hours in a so-called work-day leads us to think that all the Indians are not in Montana. Jacksonville, Times-Union. No Need of a Lantern to Find Honest Man . Intone of the popular magazines there is an in terview with one of the leading business men of the country, one whose business is transacted with hun dreds of thousands, perhaps millions, of people every year. If is the" kind of -business that brings the men conducting it very closely in touch with the people with whom they deal, and this man has made deep studies in human nature. Asked to state, from his experience with all kinds of people, whether he would call the average man and woman honest, he replied that more than ninety-eight per cent of the people of this country were absolutely honest. That is, that proportion of the people would tell the truth on every occasion and that proportion would pay their debts," if it was possible for them to do so. .That is a pretty clean bin of moral health for the people of this country, and for the purpose of the argument may be taken as correct. Miami Herald. - , A Liquid for a Loving Cup When Harry Brown was here he informed us that Herb Felkel, one of the most snappy and ac curate writers on the Florida press, intended to soon swing around the circle, and would probably visit Ocala. We" are anxious for Ocala to make a good impression on Herb. "Won't some kind friend donote us a small bottle a large one would be better of moonshine. Even if Herb doesn't come, the liauid will not be wasted. Ocala Evening Star. WHEN A FELLER NEEDS A FRIEND 1 AirteeE-i;i . iZZ. THE' CHEERFUL CHERUb Don't expect jJmucK. For fc.ry TisjotsI tk".t you dLo TKe cK&.tce you Kve I or feeling " kirvd Is quite return enough I for . vou. , . 1 v . 1914 Great Britain and France de clare war on Turkey; Russian troops invade Turkish Armenia; kaiser di rects attack at Arras; repulse Bel gian attacks at Nieuport; British hold the Armentieres trenches un der heavy fire.' from German mortars. 1915 Teutons advance through So fia; clear road through Serbia to Bul garia; cabinet crisis in Greece over pro-German sympathies of king; Ven izelos caused Zaimis cabinet to fall; Poincare thanks America for help; Russians advance at Riga and bom bard Shlok; Joffre's soldiers hold trenches in Massiges region. 1916 Austro-German forces drive Rumanians from'Rosca heights south east of Altschanz and storm Ruman ian positions at Clabucetul Baiullui in Prahova valley, take 1,747 prisoners, 8 cannon and 20 machine guns; cen tral powers proclaim Poland aagin a nation; frontiers in doubt; ask for fighting aid from Poles in the mean time; allies launch , new attack on HIS PLEASURE. I went with Mr. Billious Bunque Last night to see a vaudeville show; He said he knew it would be punk. And yet he trought we ought to go, And there he sat, and every, act He panned, and every, song be moaned; He was impartial, that's a fact He didn't leave a turn unstoned. My tastes are simple, and I could Have quite enjoyed myself, and had A lovely . time I thought 'twas good Until he showed me it was bad. Of course he spoiled it all for me, And for some others sitting near; There hadn't been, asserted he, A decent show here for a year. I will not go with him again. For it's a waste of time and pelf; He's, one of those peculiar men Who can't bear to enjoy himself. If all the shows that came were fine, I do not think he'd go td oner-. He couldn't knock, he couldn't whine, And that's the way he gets his ifun. NOT WANTED. Miss Fortyodd awoke in the middle of the night to find a burglar ran sacking her -effects. - Miss Fortyodd did not scream, for she prided her self, among r other things, upon her courage. Pointing to the door with a. dra matic gesture, she exclaimed: "Leave me at once" The burglar politely retreated a step, and said: "I had no Intention of taking you.'' Detroit Free Press. HIS GOOD START. To what do you attribute your remarkable age and your wonderful health ," asked the visitor of the oldest inhabitant. . . ' 'Wal," answered the ancient one, "I reckon Pigot a pretty good .start on most people by being born afore germs were discovered, an so I have had less to worry about." Stray Stories. OH, RATS! They say that rents are so high in Jacksonville that even the rats and reaches are moving out. Sanford Herald. ' TKe There is something in October sets the gypsy blood astir; We must rise and follow her, When from every hill of flame She calls and calls each vagabond by name. Bliss Carman. THE BEST CUT. Speaking of the cheaper cuts of meat, a cut of about 50 per cent in price would be the best one we know of. Kennebes Journal. IN THE AIR. "Patched up peace with your wife aiyetr' "Not quite. My ma-in -law, my wife and her two sisters are discussing the terms." Louisville Courier-Jdurnal. ,. HE'D SHOW HIM. Judge Tou mean to say that you base your demand for divorce on the allegation that your wife can't cook a decent meal? That's no ground for divorce. Plaintiff Tour lordship, would you mind coming round and taking dinner with us some day? Stray Stories. ."N (Clip and past this in your scrap book). Copyright 1919, New Era Feature. WHAT HAPPENED NOVEMBER 5. s Somme front; secure diminatlng posi tlon near Wasiencourt. , 1917 Pershing's men fight hand to hand against overwhelming German forces; Teutons pierce Italian line, cross the rniddle of the Tagliamento river near Pinzano and take 5,000 men, Italians in retreat; prospect of allied igeneral staff in frneeting of British and French premiers; XJr. S. agrees with Japan on China; British in Palestine continue Baza attack. 1918 Americans cross the river Meuse, and despite all German efforts throw pontoons across the river at three points and cross, advance on west bank continues and more vil lages are liberated; Germans retreat on 75-mile front from the Scheldt to the Alsne; long list of French towns freed; Wilson transmits allied mes sage to Germany; tells Berlin that Foch will receive representatives to discuss an armistice; Republican vic tory in American general election; next congress to be Republican. WOULDN'T ENCOURAGE HIM. "Has your husband told you you must economize?" "Yes, replied Mrs. Flimiglt, but I'm not letting him bother he. He's one of those people who insist on taking up every fad that comes along," Stray Stories. . PRICE HAS GONE UP. "Now, Charlie, if you're very good I'll give you a penny." "I'm afraid I can't afford to be good for less'n a nickel, gran'ma not the way prices is today." Stray Stories. DAY1J Germans1 One year ago today, November 5, 1918, the Germans retreated on a 75 mile front in France, from the Scheldt River to the Aisne. Find a wounded man. . , ' Answer to yesterday's puzzle: Left side down, above gun stock.