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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, November 11, 1919, Image 3

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SENATE FIGHT
OVER ARTICLE
TEN IS BITTER
Developments at Conclusion of
Monday's Debate Were Prom
ising for Adoption of Reser
vation. -
IRISH QUESTION IS
INJECTED INTO FIGHT
By Reservation United States
Would Assume No Responsi
bility in Case of War Except
by Act of Congress.
"Washington, Nov. 10- Fight over
article ten of the League of Nations
covenant neared conclusion .today in
the Senate with developments pro
mising adoption of a reservation whol
ly unacceptable to the administration.
During the day a foreign relations
committee reservation almost identical
with the one President Wilson said
he would regard , as rejection of the
treaty, weathered all attempts to al
ter it and rallied repeatedly with sup
port which seemed to, assure Its final
acceptance. A vote is expected to
morrow. Its text fellowsr
'The United States assumes no ob
ligation to preserve the territorial in
tegrity or political independence of
any other country or to interfere in
controversies between nations.
whether members of the league or not,
under the previsions of Article X. or
to employ the military or navy forces
of the United States under any article
of the treaty for any purpose, unless
in any particular case the congress,
which, under the constitution, has the
vsole power to declare war or authorize
the employment of the military or
naval forces of the United States, shall
by act or Joint resolution so provide.
; Numerous amendments had been
prepared by Senators who wanted to
make the provision more drastic - and
considerable debate was expected, but
leaders hoped for a final roll call be
fore adjuornment tonight.
The resolution provides . that under
article ten which pledges a member
of the League of Nations to preserve
it against external aggression of ter
ritorial integrity, political independ
ence of all other members, the United
States shall assume no obligation to
use its naval or military forces except
on. the express authorization, of every,
specific' case. : . --.'!
Debate reached a high pitch of bit
terness several times. It developed
that another spirited clash on the
question of Ireland's status, Senator
Williams, Democrat, of Mississippi, as
sailed Irish Americans who opposo the
league. Senator Walsh. Republican,
of Massachusetts replied,, charging the
administration had undertaken to de
prive him of all federal - patronage be
cause he did not support the treaty
without qualification.
Except for the transposition of one
phrase, the reservation to Article X
Is the same as that which Persldent
Wilson declared during his western
trip he would regard as a rejection of
the treaty.
PENSACOLA MAN HAS
TWO FRENCH PAPERS
John W. Battle Has Journals Telling
of Armistice Signing.
John W. Battle of 27 East Greg
ory street, Pensacola, has been good
enough to submit to the Managing
Editor of The Journal copies of two
3f the leading French dailies of No
vember 12, 1918. , Le Matin carries
two banners which say "Germany Has
Surrendered" and "The Armistice Has
Been Signed." Across the bottom of
the front page is a streamer which
says "The War is Won."
Le Petit Journal calls the armistice
"Our Victory". Its banners say "The
Fighting is - Over Alsace and Lor
raine Are Ours." Le Journal tells
of the celebration in Paris after the
signing and calls on the people to
hasten to restore the republic to its
peace-time prosperity.
The
treatment
Is a simple effective remedy for sufferers from itching,
burning, skin troubles. Try today, bathing that uncomfortable,
irritated surface with RESINOL SOAP and warm water. After
you have dried it gently with a soft cloth, apply RESINOL
OINTMENT with the finger tips. Then see if you are not
surprised at the prompt and blessed relief.
ItMffiG
PEACE TREATY
IS PREDICTED
Only Direct Orders From Pres
ident Can Save Treaty With
Germany From Absolute Re
jection in Senate.
RESERVATIONS MAY BE
ACCEPTED AT FINISH
It Is Declared President .Has In
dicated He Had Rather Send
an Altered Treaty Back to
Europe Than None at All.
(BY GEORGE H. MANNING).
"Washington, D. C, Nov. 10. Only
direct orders from the sick bed of
President ilson in - the white house
can save the peace treaty with- Ger
many from absolute rejection in the
senate, according to all indications.
The senate is now voting upon res
ervations proposed by the republicans
of the foreign relations committee,
with the certainty of their adoption.
While the vote is being recorded, how
ever, the situation in the senate is re
solving itself into a : final contest of
strength which will come when the
resolution of ratification, embodying
the reservations, is voted upon.
The administration leaders of the
senate, scenting the adoption of strong
reservations to the treaty, have pur
posely produced a situation that is
bound to end with a deadlock over
the treaty. ;
The only way the deadlock can be
broken, apparently, is, for President
Wilson to send word to the democratic
friends of the treaty in the senate at
the last minute that the reservations
that have been adopted and included
In the ratifying resolution, are accept
able to him, and that he would rath
er send an altered treaty back to Eu
rope, than no treaty at all.
The president . went , considerably
more than half , way towards accept
ance of the republican reservations
in his talk with Senator Hitchcock,
administration leader , in the senatb's
treaty fight, last Friday.
The president told . Senator Hitch
cock that he was willing to accept res
ervations that would not "nullify" the
treaty, and even went so far as to say
that since one phrase in the McCum
ber reservation to article X had been
changed since the president on his
western trip announced its adoption
would, be regarded' by him as a rejec
tion of the treaty, the reservation was
still obnoxious but acceptable. .
He . endorsed, however, the plans of
Senators. Hitchcock and the other ad
ministration leaders in the senate, to
continue to oppose all reservations un
til the situation arose in which the
democrats , either would have to Join
with Senators Borah and . Johnson and
vote to reject the treaty, or accept
the republican reservations at the last
minute in order to secure ratification.
There is a strong belief among dem
ocratic senators that the president will
order the"" majority members of . the
senate to vote for ratification with the
reservations that are . being adopted.
The-nly thing that would prevent the
president taking such a step, it was
declared at the capitol today, would
be the absolute knowledge that Sena
tor Lodge could not count upon the
votes of the majority of the senate
to control the parliamentary situation
after the vote was had upon the com
mittee's resolution of ratification.
. The democrats have an alternative
plan to acceptance of the resolution
with the, reservations, in a ruling
which it has already been announced
Vice President Marshall will make Im
mediately after the vote is taken on
the resolution, in case the situation
from a democratic viewpoint, requires
it.
Should Senator Lodge not be as
sured of the support of a majority
of the senate af tei the vote is had on
the resolution, the administration
senators, led by Senators Hitchcock
and Underwood of Alabama, will vote
to reject the committees resolution.
when the vice president will rule that
the treaty is still before the senate,
and that any other senator can offer
any other resolution of ratification.
Unless Senator Lodge can muster a
majority to overrule the decision, the
democrats then will proceed to offer
resolution, until, they present one that
gcan gam the necessary two-thirds
RESINOL SHAVING STICK
gives a rich lather, full of sooth
ing, healing properties which leave
the skin comfortable and re freshed.
... All druggists carry the Resittol
products.
THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL: TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 11, 1919.
Palmer To Hold
. ' : Of hand Sup
GRAND JURY IS
INSTRUCTED ON
PROFITEERING
Judge Sheppard Directs That
High Costs Be Carefully
Looked Into Walker D. Wil
lis Is Foreman.
The Grand Jury faced a" heavy
docket at the 'opening of the United
States Court yesterday, and a number
of cases were disposed of.
Walker D. Willis was made foreman
of the Grand Jury, with Max J. Hein
berg as clerk. Judge W. B. Sheppard.
in his charge to the jury, instructed
them to look closely into the high
cost of living and to return indictments
against those who In their Judgment
were profiteering.
Cases of illicit liquor distilling, in -volving
Thomas Gray and Jack Martin
of Bay County, Sampson ' Burke, Jack
Wilson and John Smith, of Washing
ton County, and Fred Campbell, of
Escambia County, were tried. All
pleaded guilty and were fined $50.00
each. t
, The case of Joseph Katzman, for
wearing the uniform of a Canadian
officer, contrary to the statutes, was
tried, and dismissed. .Katzman, who
had been ' confined to the Jail since
October first, pleaded guilty.
Mose' Henderson, for illegally wear
ing a seaman's uniform In violation
of section five, and who has been
held in the county jail, came before
the court and his case was dismissed.
Henderson pleaded guilty."
' J. Homer Johnson, appearing for a
mercantile company, was fined $25.00
for violation of the pure food and
drugs act.
The' following civil cases were dis
posed of or set for hearing:
Ann Conway vs. L. & N..R. R. Co-dismissed-
Annette Jameson vs. Pensacola Elec
tric Co., dismissed. . ;
. John E;. Bon ifay vs. .Bagdad Land &
Lumber Co.., set for trial .November 21.
Cora Lowery vs. J. Q. .Van Pelt et als.,
iwo cases, set for trial .November 22.
W. Cooper Jones vs. E. F. Porter, et
als., set for trial November 24.
. W. C. , Brown vs. National . Timber
Co., set for trial November 19.
J. E. Bonifay vs. Bagdad Land &
Lumber Co., set for trial November 21.
George. Kinsley vs; Shipbuilding Co.,
set for trial November 22. .
Willie Davis vs. Pensacola Ship
building Co., set for trial November 25.
Pasquelena and G. A. Briggs vs.
Director General of Railroads and the
L. & N. Railroad Co., set for -trial
Nov. .17.
Pauline and Henry Whitwell vs. D.
vote. ' v " - . '
Senator Lodge claims he will have
the majority to. sustain him after the
vote on the resolution. In that event,
the treaty is dead, unless the president
by a specific order, revives it. Without
direct orders from the White house,
the treaty cannot , be ratified. There
are eighteen republicans, who will vote
to defeat the treaty, and " nearly as
many democrats who have announced
that they will vote for rejection unless
the president wants them to do other
wise. '-- ;
There are also more than a majority
of .the senate who will vote against
unreserved ratification. The hope of
the administration leaders is that
their program will prevail and they
can take control of the situation after
the vote on the committee's resolu
tion of ratification and maintain con
trol until they 'have been able to ef
fect a compromise between the forty
democrats who favor unreserved rati
fication, and thirty republicans who
favor reservations.
r- tifimievito
riAsnvnxn. Term.
24LBSL
ma..
if 'XV
Edicts On -Union
In Official Circles Situation Is
Regarded as Extremely Grave
and Getting Beyond Question
of Coal Strike.
Washington, Nov. 10. Reiterating
that the soft coal miners strike is
in violation of law Attorney General
Palmer in a statement, tonight. declar
ed in- emphatic terms that .the, law
will be enforced. He said "those who
conceive that resolutions of the ; con
vention or orders of officers of any
organization in the country, whether
labor or any other,' are superior to
the law .of the land will find them
selves mistaken. '
The. statement which is construed 'as
a reply to that of, organized labor
last night said the merits of the. con
troversy of miners, and operators is
not at stake nor had the government
done anything to affect the . right of
strike, but that the coal strike was
illegal and the government would en
force the law.
Official Washington accepted Palm
er's statement to mean refusal of
miners to cancel the strike " order to
mean fight to the end. There was
no attempt in official or labor circles
tonight to conceal feelings "that " the
situation is extremely grave and get
ting beyond the question of the coal
strike. - Reports ; that a roaring bliz
zard Is sweeping out-of the northwest
added to uneasiness. . ...
Abjuring loyalty to a temporary
administration which violates the
principles of democracy, Samuel Gom
pers speaking for American labor at
a dinner given tonight for delegates
to the International Federation of
Trade Unions, declared "We are tied
to no administration but we are free
men and propose to exercise the free
dom of our judgement." He said he
did not believe a Jrue understanding
of the coal miners strike had reached
the president because of his illness.
Responding to the address Leon
Jouhaux, leader of the French labor
delegation to the international labor
conference, . declared if workers of
the United States need the assistance
of workers of other countries they will
get it. The frontiers cannot separate
the interests of workers and private
interests cannot separate the work
ers. Indianapolis, Nov. 10. No agree
ment was reached by officials of " the
united mine workers regarding the
federal district court's ' order to call
off the strike of soft coal miners,
when it adjourned at 6:30. They
convened at 7:30 and 3 hours later
delegates Intercepted in the corridors
said the general committee expected
to stay in session until some decision
was reached. One man predicted this
would not be before 2 a. m. It was
said, however, should delegates agree
announcement is not likely until to
morrow. Officials have until 12:25 tomorrow
to report to the court with regards to
the ' cancelling the strike. ,
The American Federation of Labor
stood today before the cout as an
unqualified endorser -of th strike of
soft coal miners and as bitterly op
posed to the action of the government
in attempting to end . th strike
through injunction proceedings which
action it characterized as "so auto
cratic as to stagger the human mind."
Endorsement of the strike was an
nounced last night In a statement is
sued by the executive council of the
federation which pledged to the strik
ers the full support of organized la
bor and appealed to the "citizenship
of the country to give like "indorse
ment and aid to the men engaged in
this momentous struggle.
After going into the history of
events leading up, to the strike and
since, the statement declared the
course of - the government in securing
a court order at Indianapolis Sat
urday directing officials of the min
ers organization to call off the strike
by tomorrow night an invasion of
G. of R..R. and L. & N. R. R. Co., set
for trial November 17.
Henry Whitwell vs. L. & N. Rail
road,, set for trial November 17.
Frank A. Anderson vs. Page & Jones,
of Mobile, set for trial Nerrranber 14.
THIS IS IT!
The
Flour
That
Performs
Perfectly
All Ways Always
Laws .
erior To
DISCREMTJON
AGAINST PORTS
SOUTH REMOVED
Freight Rates for Export Now
on Equal Basis With North
Atlantic Ports From Interior
It Is Announced.
(By Georg6 H. Manning.)
Washington, D. C. Nov. 10. The
Railroad Administration has decided
to grant the same rates on freight
for export to the Gulf and South At
lantic ports as are now in effect to
the North Atlantic ports. The Inter
state Commerce Commission has 'de
cided to give aproval to a fourth sec
tion of the application and permit the
the rates to go into effect.
This will put Pensacola and other
Gulf and South Atlantic ports on an
equal basis with the North Atlantic
ports as a shipping point for exports
and will remove the discrimination
that has been workin gagainst the
southern port sand 1n favor of the
north for many years.
The new adjustment should build. up
southern harbors, increase the busi
ness, create greater terminal facili
ties and in many ways, benefit Pensa
cola and other southern ports.
There has been complaint for many
years of the Inequality of export
freight rates to the Gulf as compared
with rates to the North Atlantic
Some time ago Senator Fletcher to
gether with other southern senators
the rights of the miners and demand
ed the withdrawal of the injunction.
Use of the Lever act under which the
court proceedings were instituted was
severely condemned as "an injustice
to all liberty-loving Americans." Aft
er declaring that "by the facts in the
case the miners' , strike is justified;
we endorse it; we are convinced of
the justice of the miners cause," the
statement concluded with the appeal
to all citizens to support the strik
ers and promised support of organized
labor. :
Save
the Surface
and you
Save Air
LAST DAY DRIVE
FOR ROLL CALL
BUST BESTRONG
Pensacola and Escambia County
Behind in Quota and Urgent
Efforts on Part of Workers
Necessary.
APPEAL IS SENT OUT
FOR MORE VOLUNTEERS
Girls in Uniform Will Wind Up
. Solicitation of Donations With
Whirlwind Canvass This Af
ternoon. The Red Cross roll call, for Pensa
cola and Escambia county, closes this
evening, and announcement is made
at headquarters that volunteers are
needed to put over the last day of
the campaign.
Girls, wearing the uniform of the
Red Cross will solicit donations this
afternoon, and are asked to offer their
services, meeting Mrs. J. C. Dunham
promptly at 2:30 o'clock at the San
Carlos when they will be presented
with caps and arm-bands, giving them
authority to solicit.
It is believed, weather permitting
that today will be the biggest day
of the entire drive, teams from "both
the men's and women's division of
the city, to concentrate in an intensive
campaign, to carry Pensacola to its
goal.
All members of the local chapter,
American Red Cross, are urged to take
part in the parade this afternoon.
wearing white, with the Red Cross
veils, or caps. -
held an extended conference with offi
cials of the Railroad Administration
and urged more favorable rates on ex
ports to the Gulf.
As a result the Railroad Adminis
tration has issued the desire rate and
the necessary application has been
filed with the Interstate Commerce
Commission.
The Commission will grant the ap
plication in a few days it is under
stood, and there will be no unreason
able delay in making the rates effec
tive. Senator Fletcher has shown great
interest in this matter, the successful
conclusion of which will mean that the
Gulf and South Atlantic ports will be
able hereafter to compete on. an
equality with the North Atlantic ports
for export business. " .
Cffianffi of Ifour
onds upon
mm9 andDecoratmff
THE keynote of modem home art is simplicity,
color harmony and repose expensive furnishings
alone cannot create real home atmosphere. Your
taste and individuality are reflected by the artistic paint
ing and decorating of your home, outside and within.
For the Exterior of your bungalow, rich but subdued
Pee Get Mastic Paint shades, such as browns reds,
rrreens and soft vellows. should be used: white paint for
the casement windows and porch trimmings to give the
desired contrast.
The Roof should be a little lighter than the body
of the exterior. Use Pee Gee Creostain; it preserves the
shingles, renders them weatherproof and lends beauty,
to the appearance of the bungalow. .
The Interior should be quiet and , restful, and in
order to create such an atmosphere ; the ; walls and
ceilings call for harmonious color treatment., Pee Gee
Flalkpatt, the modern, sanitary, durable flat oil finhh, with its
twenty-four rich, velvety colors, 13 especially adapted for
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The Woodwork must harmonize with the furnishings
end decorative scheme of the rooms. With Pee Gee
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finest results in finishing interior or exterior woodwork
are obtained. Where a white,' tile-like surface is pre-
f erred, such as in bath and bed rooms, Pee Gee China
Enamel will give the desired effect, on walls and wood
work. It is easily cleaned and does not rum yellow.
Ask us for Color Cards. Finished Wood Panels and Free Paint
Books, "Homes and How to Paint Them," "The Modern Method of
Decanting" and "The Modern Method of Finishing Wood." or
write direct to Peaslee-Caulbert Co Incorporated. Louisville. Km
McKENZIE ORTING & CO.
Distributors for Pee Gee Paint Products
601-603 South Palafox Street, Pensacola, Fla;
8
CMC EXPERT
t ft i Fp nr Tipprn
OF PENSACOLA
Rotarians, Kiwanians, City and
,ouniy uuiciais near in
structive Address of Mr,
Albert.
SCHOOL BUILDINGS OF
CITY ARE CRITICISED
Emphasis Is Placed by Speaker
on Natural Advantages and
Resources That Promise Great
Future for This City.
Allen D. Albert, of Chicago, past
president of the International Asso
ciation of Rotary Clubs, was the guest
yesterday of the Rotary Club of Pen
sacola, and was entertained at lunch
eon at the San Carlos by the Rotarians
the Kiwanis Club and the Chamber
of Commerce, guests invited to meet
Mr. Albert being city . and county
commissioners and the board .of edu
cation of Escambia county.
Mr. Albert arrived from Montgom
ery In the forenoon, members of the
board of directos of the Rotay Club
.1 ta .l i . .. .. . -
nun hi me station inducting
W. B. Logan, vice-president; J. A. Mer
ritt, E. R.-Malone, I. H Aiken, Rev.
jonn . urown. J. L. Hendrick, W.
if. Watson, J. A. Jones. At 10 o'clock
he was taken for a drive about the
city, and to the navy yard and ship-
No. 1 Continued on Ps 10
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