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in today's Journal. To sell or rent Real Estate, advertise in The Jour . naL The Journal has been the lead ing Real Estate medium la West Florida for over 20 years. I Fair Sunday and Monday. Slightly warmer with gentle to j moderate northeast - and east I winds. VOL. XXII NO. 205. PENSACOLA FLORIDA, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 16, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS I TAFT IS mm I M II I II I II I II I I J I II I II I II III I 1 1 I I I It: mm mm mm w -liiiw uemum piwmm TEW RESERVATIONS COVERING . . MEROUS EIORTM ISSUES ADOPTED AT FIVE MIR SESSION Republicans and Democratic Leaders Vote Together on Cloture Resolution to End Debate. FINAL ACTION IS NOW EXPECTED WITHIN WEEK Reservations Would Provide for Retention by Government of Control oi Domestic Ques tions. Washington, INov. 15. At last clamping: down on debate by adoption of the cloture here for, the first time In history, the senate today in five hours adopted ten reservations to the treaty as written by, the foreign relations committee ranging- . from domestic questions, to the Monroe "Dictrlne, mandates, Shantung, international commission, expenses of the league of nations, armaments, economic boycott and alien property rights. Not the least significant of the days developments in view of senators who expect a complex parliamentary wran gle before final action was a ruling by Vice President Marshall that should administration senators vote down ratification with reservations as they intend to do, that they have the opportunity later to get action on a compromise . ratification resolution. Republicans toolc exception to the de cision, notifying the body that when it come up they would seek to override it by vote. f ; , Republican and democratic " leaders voted together for the cloture'-which means that until the treaty is dis posed of no senator may speak in. all more than one hour. It wag estimated that step , would bring . final action within a week. ; The vote adopting the cloture was 78 to 16. The action, invoking cloture for the first time in the senate's history, re sulted In an immediate speeding up of the reservation program, the next res ervation on the committee list being adopted within one minute without debate or a roll call. It related to mandates. x Tho, text of the reservation adopted follows: . "No mandate shall be accepted by the United States under article 22, part one, or any other provision of the treaty of . peace with Germany, except by action of the congress of the United Stages. . ; In taking up the committee reser vation relative to the retention by this ovemment of control over domestic questions, the annate, by a vote of 52 to 43 rejected a substitute proposed by Senator Hitchcock. The sixteen senators y who voted against adoption of the cloture rule were: Republican: . Borah, Brandegee, France, Gronna, Johnson. (Cal.) ; Knox, LaFollette, McCormick, Pen rose, Polndexter and Sherman. Dem ocrats: Gore. King, Pomerene, Reed, and Shields. COURTM ARTI AL TO r TRY GERMAN SPY Herman Weasels, Alleged Of ficer of German Navy, Con fined in Tombs. Washington, Nov. 15. Steps for the trial by naval courtmartial of Herman Wessels, alias Carl Rodiger, an al leged German spy and officers of the Germany navy have been taken by the navy. Wessels t has been confined in the Tombs since his arrest last May. . .. : : U WOBBLYS" HAD PLANNED RIOTS I. W. W. Worker Says Armistice Day Shooting Scheduled Three Weeks Ahead. Centralla, Nov. IS.- The I. W. W, planned the Centralla shooting three weeks before Armistice Day, according to an alleged confession by I- Roberts, confessed I. W.f W. worker and In dustrial Workers expected their hall to be attacked Armistice Day. Seattle, Nov. 15. Comparative quiet reigned throughout the northwest to day, although a number of additional arrests of alleged Industrial Workers of the world were made. United States Attorney Saunders announced all I. W. W. have been arrested in Seattle. PMER URGES B93E DRASTIC AM-RED LAU Radical r Organizations Find Propaganda Among Negroes Fertile Field, Justice Depart ment Head Declares. Washington, Nov. 15. The growth of radicalism throughout the country was attributed to the inadequacy of fed eral laws . against preaching violent overthrow of the government. Attorney Generl Palmer declared tonight, re plying to the senate's recent inquiry as to what ; action had been taken by the department of justice to curb ef forts to establish a dictatorship of the proletariat. . ; - Palmer urged the passage of a new law to take the place of the espionage act when It ceases to be effective. Activities of the foreign language press have been a problem which they were unable to meet successfully. ' Palmer also said that practically all radical organizations of the. coun try regard the negro race a fertile field for their doctrine. He warned that a , propaganda had . been , success- i ful in many respects and the govern'' ment should guard against trouble In ' that direction. Some publications printed especially for negroes, he said, had been particularly Insolent and their attitude- was traceable directly to the leaders of radical groups and not infrequently . to citizens of this country who turned against the gov ernment., - JIM CROW LAW NOT BE ABOLISHED House Defeats Bill That Would Eliminate Separate Cars for Races. Washington, Nov. IS. By a vote of 142 to 12 the house ; today refused to incorporate a provision In the Esch bill that : would compel the abolish fent of "Jim Crow'1 cars on southern railroads, used to separate negro from white passengers. The amendment was offered by Representative Madden, Republican, of Illinois, . but was voted down by many northern , Republicans joining with the southern Democrats. Southern members attacked the proposal, declaring that its adoption would "disturb conditions in the south, causing friction between the two races that would result in blood shed. ' .v j ..- "; "This is not a proper question to be raised at .this time." declared Repre sentative Snyder, Republican, of New York, approving the protests of the southern members.' "No demand for it is made by the colored people and we have enough difficulties without bring ing on this one. The north does not realize what it means to the-people of the south." r"- Representative Stevenson, of South Carolina.' Summers of Texas, and Moore of Virginia .were the spokes men of the southern delegations in protesting . against the proposal, but debatewas finally stopped by Repre sentative Crisp, Democrat, of Georgia," offering a - motion to direct vote, which" was carried over little opposi tion. " , ., , , ' Holloway's Appointment By Catts Illegal, Says Sheats Tallahassee, Fla., Nov, 15. State Superintendent William N. """Sheats who has just returned from Atlanta where he has been ill in a hospital for several weeks has declined to ap prove the requisition .for salary of William ' M. Holloway, - recently ap pointed by the governor as state rural school inspector. Mr. Sheats, it is understood, will refuse to approve the requisition un til the supreme court has passed upon the legality of Holloway's appointment and ordered him to make such ap proval. ' The state superintendent takes the' position that the appointment of Hol- ITT El Ulffl LEADERS IICOALSTRUffi BE ARRESTED Federal Agents at Indianapolis Are Gathering; Evidence . of Violations, of Court Injunction Order MINERS AND OPERATORS IN PARTIAL AGREEMENT Adjustment Reached After Stormy Session Covers Penn sylvania,' Indiana, Ohio and Illinois Fields. Indianapolis, Ind., Nov. 15. Proba bility of arrests in connection with the government injunction against the United Mine Workers - of . America featured the coal strike situation here tonight. .. ' " : - . In connection with probable arrests it became known " here that federal agents are gathering evidence of re ported violations' of injunctions '.with the . view . to preferring charges for contempt of court against members of the union because agents say meetings were held in various parts of the county at i which it was voted not to return to work. This it is claimed vio lates the court order. It is also re ported petitions were circulated among miners to sign agreeing not to resume work. , Washington, Nov. 15. The coal min ers and operators in - conference here today could not unite on ' the propo sal of -Secretary Wilson tok negotiate a nation-wide agreement, but did agree to negotiate an agreement covering- ; Pennsylvania, ; Indiana,: Ohio, Illinois fields. : ' v ' 'The decision came after a stormy session. Meanwhile' operators outside of that field are conferring on whether they would accept the' basis agreed on for central fields. ' : j V , Acceptance without qualification by the miners workers of Secretary of Labor Wilson's proposal for negotia tion of a nation-wide scale- agreement was announced at the conference by John I Lewis, acting president of the United Mine ' Workers of America. . - , Because outlying operators are not organized, Mr. Lukins said that no time should be wasted, but that "pub lic interest in an early settlement makes It desirable - to continue as In the past. - ; Mr. 3L.ukins statement Immediately brought from Mr. jLewis a charge of bad faith. . . :,V -;. '.- 1 Charging that the operators ', in the outlying districts had led miners and the public to believe they were ready to negotiate with the miners, Mr. Lewis exclaimed: ; : ; "To gods, is there no more good faith left Int man? Are miners of America to be everlasting victims of bad faith on the part of - the people with whom they have to deal? After announcing his acceptance of the secretary's suggestion, Mr. ; Lewis said: ;.V;.:'' .;V -: '-:. . " ' f-" ':.:"V "I want to express my utter amaze ment at the attitude of the coal oper ators ' as stated ,by their spokesman, Mr. Lukins. If, there is any one thing which' has crystallized public ; senti ment against the -mine workers, it has been the oft-reiterated - cry that T the outlying operators had not . been pre sented with . demands by their work ers although they stood , ready 1 and willing to negotiate a wage scale, i "Out of this crisis comes a far off cry from Macedonia: ;We stand here with spotless robes ready; to negotiate a scale in the various states outside the central competitive fields. The estimable Mr. Lukins proposed to the governor of Missouri that they were ready to negotiate with the miners in Missouri, "but Governor Gardner wired me in protest and the -governor of West Virginia and other other states have done likewise." y. s The statute under which the appoint ment was made provides for the ap pointment of two such Inspectors ly the governor upon the nomination of the state superintendent. Mr. Hollo way was appointed by Governor Catts without apcJroval of Superintendent Sheats and in fact after Mr. Sheats had make two or more nominations which apparently were not acceptable to' the governor. V The governor is still out of the city and the matter will doubtless rest where it is until his return. It is be lieved that he will ask the supreme court for an advisory opinion as to the legality of the appointment, loway was illegal and is of no effect. TO CITY BOARD Judge Campbell Directs I Com-I missioners of City of Pensa - cola to Take Steps Leading to Change to ' Aldermanic Form ARGUMENTS TO BE MADE WEDNESDAY If Writ Is Made Permanent Elec- j tion Will Have to Be Called Unless Appeal Is Made to the Supreme Court. Judge Campbell, of the Circuit Court, has Issued a writ of mandamus to the City Commissioners, directing - them to forthwith. call a special election of! the qualified voters at which the fol lowing question shall be ' submitted: "Shall the said City of Pensacola abandon its organization unde the provisions of law providing a commis sion form of government?" v : The writ is returnable to the Judge of the Circuit Court . at DeFuniak The judge will' hear arguments then," ; or on a day to be agreed upon, as to making the writ permanent. L , ; . It the writ is made permanent, then an election will have to be called, un less an appeal is taken to the Supreme Court.", The order follows: IN THE CIRCUIT COURT IN AND FOR ESCABIA COUNTY, STATE FLORIDA. The State of Florida to Frank D. Sanders, Frank R. Pou and George H. Hinrichs, Commissioners constituting .aDsence. . . r the Board of Commissioners of ' the f the boats are ordered to sea the City of Pensacola, Florida, and , tol raen are never certain they will re every of them. Greeting: , V turn to the port from which they sail- Whereas. the petition of J. Hereon ed- They don't know whether or not DAlemberte, Dudley R. Saunders and to , tell their families to move or to William L. Moyer has been j filed be fore sthe Honorable A. G. . Campbell, Judge of our , Circuit Court, in and for Escambia County, with the suggestion and allegations therein : contained' as set forth in the copy thereor: hereto attachmarked-part of, and,' "whereas, thtr-said, petitioners pray that1 the writ Of mandamus may be- issued by this court, and directed to the said Frank D. Sanders. Frank R.; , , ... : i a No. 2 Continued on Page Two FlVET-MffiOF Commander Rizzo ' Is Left in , Charge at Fiume While In - surgent Italian Leader Leaves i on Mysterious Mission. Paris, Nov. 15. -Gabrlele d'Annunzio, the insurgent Italian commander of Fiume, is engaged in another, adven ture along the Dalmatian coasts ac cording to advices reaching the peace conference here. He sailed from Flume tho torpedo boat Valloa, accompanied by a steamer carrying 300 shock troops, the reports state. ' " .; - He was said to have been followed BMJUMO AT MIWATCHED by an Italian warship, which wasva,ue m destroyers to Maine merely observing his movements. The debarkation point on the Dalmatian coast ' is not known, but it Is thought likely here that Zara has been selected. It - is not t believed he would go to Spalato, which - is garrisoned by. the Jugo-Slave, ; . with . the surrounding water controlled by Rear Admiral An drews of the United States navy, with the" armored cruiser Pittsburg and a fleet or destroyers! . : " .The advices to the ' American peace delegation - were from. Vice Consul O'Hara at Trieste. He forwarded the report there that d'Annuncio had left Fiume on the Valloa and had effected a landing on the Dalmatian coast line. Importance is attached in peace con ference circles to d'Annuncio's move ments, because Sunday is election day in Italy, with Fiume the chief issue. It Is generally thought he 1 is seek ing to carry out a spectacular per-? ation to strengthen the party, which is reported in Paris to have lost, con siderable ground m' Italy ffUring -the past three weeks. The . Italian navy was said C to be wavering perceptibly on the torpedo boat Valloa, accompa- Trieste, Nov. 15. A telegram to the Trieste stock exchange says: .. "Gabriele d'Annunzio left Fiume Thursday night for an unknown' des tination in a torpedo boat, followed by other ships.. Rizzo was left in command of the city- ' " . j Commander Luiga Rizzo is com mander in chief of the d'Annunzio sea forces. His - daring exploit during the war resulted in the sinking of two Austrian battleships off the Dal datian coast. i Emm IT AW. A I CM (QW Viti V liLl IrULlUH 1 TO SOLVE THE MIE PROBLEM Pensacola Could Become I the Permanent Base for All of the Destroyers in the Atlantic Fleet. : (BY LUCKY BALDWIN.) V ' A " ; wonderful ' opportunity awaits Pensacola. An opportunity- to serve the nation, the state and the city. 'An opportunity to serve the navy and the men of the navy. Pensacola- can become the permanent home of the entire destroyer, force of the Atlantic fleet. -: ; . . ' The officers and men of the flotillas want a home.' They want a port where they ' can be with their families, get acquainted with their (Children and make " friends with their neighbors. There is, at present, no definite sys tem of ) home ports for the destroy ers. They run from Eastport, Maine, to the Rio" Grande, and never know what port will be their home. The of ficers and' men, particularly the chief petty officers, are unable to be with their families except when they are fortunate enough to obtain leave of stay. They, can never settle .down. A great majority of naval men come from Inland cities. If a ship is based on New York, for example, and a man rents -a flat and has his wife join him he can be at home nearly every night there is no assurance whatever that it will return to New York at alL It may be ordered to Boston or to Charleston. The result is that few navy men are', ever joined ; by their families. , They leave their wives in the inland cities and see them only when on furlough, perhaps once a year.' ' '': y' : The - greatest single drawback to navj' life' is the lack of home ties. It is even more potent than the small ness of the pay check in taking men away from the navy; , ' But it is a "condition that need not exist. Both England and France have overcome it to a great extent. And this .,is how. , , w.V.'.. -. At several seaport towns, naval : col onies have c been - established where navy, men's families live and where the boats always base. . I speak par ticularly of ' the destroyers, although the same plan has been carried out with - the battleships. At these bases there ' are torpedo ranges, athletic fields, canteens, amusement houses, all built for, . and operated by, the navy. , : . --... These ports are real "home-ports." The boats always return to them. The colonies are apart from the civilian towns and yet part of them. The cot tages are comfortably built and are rented or sold at reasonable prices. The men establish their families in them and have real home-life. The problem Is one that is vital to the- country. There is no particular one month and to Texas the next, Cruisers for training should be made in all waters In whch hostilities might develop, of course, but when the train, ing period is over, and the boats- are to lie In port, let them always re turn "home." -.' - ' 'Now; for Pensacola's . opportunity. The harbor is ideal for destroyer work. A section of the upper bay could be set - aside for torpedo ranges.' " A- col onyrcould be started,' with comfortable cottage built to be rented, or" sold at fairr prcsfs on reasonable terms. And the navy department and congress, could be" offered the wonderful ad vantage of ,a. port so admirably fitted for the "work let the destroyers, . and a people so willing to aid. " , ; It,' is a proposition thatr is feasible. More than ;that it is a proposition, in No. 4 Continued on Page Two Many Advertise City By Use bi centennial Stamp Pensacola's city commissioners ' are advertising' the city by using' the words . "Pensacola -The Centennial City stamped on every envelope leav ing their offices. The same practice has been taken up by the various city officials and in this way , the city is getting some valuable advertising. . A large i number of merchants have also " introduced ; tide stamp method of advertising the city. The stamps are usually elijitir. m shape, about six Inches the Ion g way and - three , the dhort diameter. - mm PROPERTY RIGHTS WILL HE SAYS, AND THRIFT TO BE RETOED WAVY OFFICERS ARETO RECEIVE PAY 1CREASES Advance of , About Thirty Per Cent With More Liberal Al lowances - for Families Prom- , ised by Committees. FIRST INCREASE SINCE ROOSEVELT Cost of is Living Has Doubled Since Nation's First Line of Defence Received Increase Many Would Leave Service. (BY GEORGE H. MANNING.) Washington, D. C, Nov. 15. Brought face to face ' with the rapid decay of the country's first line of de fense, congress is going to increase the pay ' of the officers and enlisted men of the American navy as quickly as possible. Substantial increases all along the line are imperatively neces sary to' prevent wholesale desertions and resignations -that, if continued but a short while longer, will , leave the navy with plenty of magnificent war ships of" all kinds but with only of ficers and men enough to operate' but a few of them. The pay of the line officers is to be Increased about 30 per cent and more liberal allowances are to be ' given for the support of their families; the war rant officers are to be given material ly increased wages, and the pay of the petty officers is to be increased to an even higher percentage than that of the two higher grades. . The pay of the enlisted ' men will likely not be Increased above the pres ent minimum rate of $32.50 a month, but liberal Increases will be made in the pay of the men - who can advance to the higher grades after four months of service. '"'.-"I- "' " Congress fully recognizes the very serious situation . facing the navy, whose ranks are being rapidly deplet ed through officers and " men " leaving the service in great numbers to ac cept greatly increased remuneration from private employers. Secretary Daniels, Rear Admiral T. J. - Cowie of the navy pay corps and other navy officials have appeared be fore . the house naval committee in the past two weeks and unanimously urg ed in the strongest terms that con gress give liberal pay increases. Admiral Sowie solemnly warned the naval r committee 4that the morale of the navy' is going to crack and that It will be Impossible to retain enough officers and men to man half the ships unless generous increases are granted. He urged that the pay of officers be increased about 30 per cent -and that of the enlisted men about 50 per cent. These are the percentages of increase provided in the Stiness bill upon which the committee is working.' The pay of the officers of the navy has not been increased since 1903, al though it is generally agreed that liv ing1 costs have doubled since then. The minimum pay of the enlisted men has been 'increased from $15 to $32.50 per month in the past years, but this is said not to he sufficient to-meet pres ent day conditions. ..- . -- The officers and their families are in a serious plight. Secretary Dan iels .desk is piled high with resigna tions of navy officers. lie has de clined to accept them, however, antici pating that relief in the way of in- No. 3 Continued on Page Two It Is believed that in a week's time every section of the nation, and many foreign countries are reached by mail from Pensacola merchants and others. By using these stamps the centennial J idea, is being put across, and it won't be long before people will say, on hear ing of Florida, "Why that's the place where Pensacola is, and the Florida centennial." , ' It is understood that small seals, similar to the various Christmas seals, will be sold this .year ' every booster will be urged to use them on all maiJ. m labor SURVIVE BY PROSPERITY Famous Authority on Economics and International Law Says Employers Must Recognize Right of Men to Organize. EMPLOYES HAVE 1 RIGHT TO BARGAIN As Reasonable for Them to Be Heard on WThat They Shall Receive as It Is for Employers to Earn Reasonable Dividends (BY HARRY P. BURTON.) (N. E. A. Special Correspondent.) New Haven, Conn Nov. 15. Em ployers must recognize the risht of empolyes to organize,, says "William Howard Taft - Employers must realize that em ployes "have as full a, right to live, and as full a right to be heard as to the question " of what they shall re ceive and the terms of their employ ment, as employers have to earn rea sonable dividends on their invest ments . " ":- Taft said this in his first public in terview on the great industrial unrest now seething throughout America. He added that property right will survive,, that society will resume its normal pre-war course, and that thrift will continue to be rewarded by sue- . . a . i i j I. . . Jt.. cess ana laziness, puiusiicu uj uia tress.. : . v. - . , The former president analyzed - the labor crisis in all its phases,, economic and political,, and compared it with the situation abroad. : He took up in detail the various stands of Elbert H. Gary, Samuel Com pers, William Z. Foster, John Fitz patrick and John I Lewis in the steel and mine strikes. . - He took no pains to spare either side, but struck out whever he thinks blows are needed. War's Disturbance Called Colossal. In his office overlooking Yale cam pus, Taft began: "Ohe war which has Just closed, was one which may only be described as colossal, with the disturbances in busi ness and in economic conditions as much greater than have followed pre vious wars as the forces engaged and destructive agencies used and losses incurred were greater than in any pre vious war. . ; . ; "The mechanics of this war were more important than in any previous war, and this soon developed the utter dependence of each country upon its labor, skilled and unskilled, to supply the absolute fightintg necessities at the front.: "The .war was in a certain degree, indeed, fought in the workshops of the contending countries. "This indispensable part which man ual labor played in the war did not. workingmen, and it gave them such a sense of their power that, in case of any grievance, fancied or real, they were anxious to exercise it. . "The high wages they received were a contributing factor in the high prices they had tq pay for living, and while I think wages probably in creased, in greater proportion than the cost of living among workingmen, who could, through trades unions and com binations, exert the power of which I have spoken,-it nevertheless, left them restless . arid . anxious to use their power to improve their conditions and to increase .their share in the Joint product of labor and capital far abov what it had ever been before. Many Workers Seem Glad to Make Is sue of any Difference, "Such a movement for a constant in crease of wages, of course, met resist ance. That's what has , produced out unrest and strikes, but these strike are not confined today to a mere de sire to better terms of employment. In the present highly ser "tive con dition of labor and in its ntff concep tion of its own importance, many workmen seem glad to seize on a difference between them and theit employers which they can make intc an issue. "On the other hand we must recog nize that employers, some of them have made enormous profits; othert good profits, : and that business ha: been generally very prosperous. Doubt less profits have been exaggerated in so far as the reports of them havt been made to. labor. But by these re ports, in part true and in part unsus tained, labor has been : made to thlnl It is not getting its proper share, an that it should use pressure and thi Mo- 1 Continued on Paae Fiva