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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, November 16, 1919, Image 1

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Read the Real Estate AOrts.
in today's Journal. To sell or rent
Real Estate, advertise in The Jour
. naL The Journal has been the lead
ing Real Estate medium la West
Florida for over 20 years.
I Fair Sunday and Monday.
Slightly warmer with gentle to
j moderate northeast - and east
I winds.
VOL. XXII NO. 205.
w -liiiw uemum piwmm
Republicans and Democratic
Leaders Vote Together on
Cloture Resolution to End
Reservations Would Provide for
Retention by Government of
Control oi Domestic Ques
tions. Washington, INov. 15. At last
clamping: down on debate by adoption
of the cloture here for, the first time In
history, the senate today in five hours
adopted ten reservations to the treaty
as written by, the foreign relations
committee ranging- . from domestic
questions, to the Monroe "Dictrlne,
mandates, Shantung, international
commission, expenses of the league of
nations, armaments, economic boycott
and alien property rights.
Not the least significant of the days
developments in view of senators who
expect a complex parliamentary wran
gle before final action was a ruling
by Vice President Marshall that
should administration senators vote
down ratification with reservations as
they intend to do, that they have the
opportunity later to get action on a
compromise . ratification resolution.
Republicans toolc exception to the de
cision, notifying the body that when
it come up they would seek to override
it by vote. f ; ,
Republican and democratic " leaders
voted together for the cloture'-which
means that until the treaty is dis
posed of no senator may speak in. all
more than one hour. It wag estimated
that step , would bring . final action
within a week. ; The vote adopting the
cloture was 78 to 16.
The action, invoking cloture for the
first time in the senate's history, re
sulted In an immediate speeding up of
the reservation program, the next res
ervation on the committee list being
adopted within one minute without
debate or a roll call. It related to
mandates. x
Tho, text of the reservation adopted
follows: .
"No mandate shall be accepted by
the United States under article 22,
part one, or any other provision of
the treaty of . peace with Germany,
except by action of the congress of the
United Stages. . ;
In taking up the committee reser
vation relative to the retention by this
ovemment of control over domestic
questions, the annate, by a vote of 52
to 43 rejected a substitute proposed
by Senator Hitchcock.
The sixteen senators y who voted
against adoption of the cloture rule
Republican: . Borah, Brandegee,
France, Gronna, Johnson. (Cal.) ;
Knox, LaFollette, McCormick, Pen
rose, Polndexter and Sherman. Dem
ocrats: Gore. King, Pomerene, Reed,
and Shields.
Herman Weasels, Alleged Of
ficer of German Navy, Con
fined in Tombs.
Washington, Nov. 15. Steps for the
trial by naval courtmartial of Herman
Wessels, alias Carl Rodiger, an al
leged German spy and officers of the
Germany navy have been taken by
the navy. Wessels t has been confined
in the Tombs since his arrest last
May. . .. : :
I. W. W. Worker Says Armistice
Day Shooting Scheduled
Three Weeks Ahead.
Centralla, Nov. IS.- The I. W. W,
planned the Centralla shooting three
weeks before Armistice Day, according
to an alleged confession by I- Roberts,
confessed I. W.f W. worker and In
dustrial Workers expected their hall
to be attacked Armistice Day.
Seattle, Nov. 15. Comparative quiet
reigned throughout the northwest to
day, although a number of additional
arrests of alleged Industrial Workers
of the world were made. United States
Attorney Saunders announced all I. W.
W. have been arrested in Seattle.
Radical r Organizations Find
Propaganda Among Negroes
Fertile Field, Justice Depart
ment Head Declares.
Washington, Nov. 15. The growth of
radicalism throughout the country was
attributed to the inadequacy of fed
eral laws . against preaching violent
overthrow of the government. Attorney
Generl Palmer declared tonight, re
plying to the senate's recent inquiry
as to what ; action had been taken by
the department of justice to curb ef
forts to establish a dictatorship of
the proletariat. . ; -
Palmer urged the passage of a new
law to take the place of the espionage
act when It ceases to be effective.
Activities of the foreign language
press have been a problem which they
were unable to meet successfully.
' Palmer also said that practically
all radical organizations of the. coun
try regard the negro race a fertile
field for their doctrine. He warned
that a , propaganda had . been , success- i
ful in many respects and the govern''
ment should guard against trouble In '
that direction. Some publications
printed especially for negroes, he said,
had been particularly Insolent and
their attitude- was traceable directly
to the leaders of radical groups and
not infrequently . to citizens of this
country who turned against the gov
ernment., -
House Defeats Bill That Would
Eliminate Separate Cars
for Races.
Washington, Nov. IS. By a vote of
142 to 12 the house ; today refused to
incorporate a provision In the Esch
bill that : would compel the abolish
fent of "Jim Crow'1 cars on southern
railroads, used to separate negro from
white passengers. The amendment was
offered by Representative Madden,
Republican, of Illinois, . but was voted
down by many northern , Republicans
joining with the southern Democrats.
Southern members attacked the
proposal, declaring that its adoption
would "disturb conditions in the
south, causing friction between the
two races that would result in blood
shed. ' .v j ..- ";
"This is not a proper question to be
raised at .this time." declared Repre
sentative Snyder, Republican, of New
York, approving the protests of the
southern members.' "No demand for it
is made by the colored people and we
have enough difficulties without bring
ing on this one. The north does not
realize what it means to the-people
of the south." r"-
Representative Stevenson, of South
Carolina.' Summers of Texas, and
Moore of Virginia .were the spokes
men of the southern delegations in
protesting . against the proposal, but
debatewas finally stopped by Repre
sentative Crisp, Democrat, of Georgia,"
offering a - motion to direct vote,
which" was carried over little opposi
tion. " , ., , , '
Holloway's Appointment By
Catts Illegal, Says Sheats
Tallahassee, Fla., Nov, 15. State
Superintendent William N. """Sheats
who has just returned from Atlanta
where he has been ill in a hospital
for several weeks has declined to ap
prove the requisition .for salary of
William ' M. Holloway, - recently ap
pointed by the governor as state rural
school inspector.
Mr. Sheats, it is understood, will
refuse to approve the requisition un
til the supreme court has passed upon
the legality of Holloway's appointment
and ordered him to make such ap
proval. '
The state superintendent takes the'
position that the appointment of Hol-
Federal Agents at Indianapolis
Are Gathering; Evidence . of
Violations, of Court Injunction
Adjustment Reached After
Stormy Session Covers Penn
sylvania,' Indiana, Ohio and
Illinois Fields.
Indianapolis, Ind., Nov. 15. Proba
bility of arrests in connection with
the government injunction against the
United Mine Workers - of . America
featured the coal strike situation here
tonight. .. ' " : -
. In connection with probable arrests
it became known " here that federal
agents are gathering evidence of re
ported violations' of injunctions '.with
the . view . to preferring charges for
contempt of court against members of
the union because agents say meetings
were held in various parts of the
county at i which it was voted not to
return to work. This it is claimed vio
lates the court order. It is also re
ported petitions were circulated among
miners to sign agreeing not to resume
work. ,
Washington, Nov. 15. The coal min
ers and operators in - conference here
today could not unite on ' the propo
sal of -Secretary Wilson tok negotiate
a nation-wide agreement, but did
agree to negotiate an agreement covering-
; Pennsylvania, ; Indiana,: Ohio,
Illinois fields. : ' v '
'The decision came after a stormy
session. Meanwhile' operators outside
of that field are conferring on whether
they would accept the' basis agreed on
for central fields. ' : j V
, Acceptance without qualification by
the miners workers of Secretary of
Labor Wilson's proposal for negotia
tion of a nation-wide scale- agreement
was announced at the conference by
John I Lewis, acting president of the
United Mine ' Workers of America. . -
, Because outlying operators are not
organized, Mr. Lukins said that no
time should be wasted, but that "pub
lic interest in an early settlement
makes It desirable - to continue as In
the past. - ;
Mr. 3L.ukins statement Immediately
brought from Mr. jLewis a charge of
bad faith. . . :,V -;. '.- 1
Charging that the operators ', in the
outlying districts had led miners and
the public to believe they were ready
to negotiate with the miners, Mr.
Lewis exclaimed: ; :
; "To gods, is there no more good
faith left Int man? Are miners of
America to be everlasting victims of
bad faith on the part of - the people
with whom they have to deal?
After announcing his acceptance of
the secretary's suggestion, Mr. ; Lewis
said: ;.V;.:'' .;V -: '-:. . " ' f-" ':.:"V
"I want to express my utter amaze
ment at the attitude of the coal oper
ators ' as stated ,by their spokesman,
Mr. Lukins. If, there is any one thing
which' has crystallized public ; senti
ment against the -mine workers, it has
been the oft-reiterated - cry that T the
outlying operators had not . been pre
sented with . demands by their work
ers although they stood , ready 1 and
willing to negotiate a wage scale, i
"Out of this crisis comes a far off
cry from Macedonia: ;We stand here
with spotless robes ready; to negotiate
a scale in the various states outside
the central competitive fields. The
estimable Mr. Lukins proposed to the
governor of Missouri that they were
ready to negotiate with the miners in
Missouri, "but Governor Gardner wired
me in protest and the -governor of
West Virginia and other other states
have done likewise." y. s
The statute under which the appoint
ment was made provides for the ap
pointment of two such Inspectors ly
the governor upon the nomination of
the state superintendent. Mr. Hollo
way was appointed by Governor Catts
without apcJroval of Superintendent
Sheats and in fact after Mr. Sheats
had make two or more nominations
which apparently were not acceptable
to' the governor. V
The governor is still out of the city
and the matter will doubtless rest
where it is until his return. It is be
lieved that he will ask the supreme
court for an advisory opinion as to
the legality of the appointment,
loway was illegal and is of no effect.
Judge Campbell Directs I Com-I
missioners of City of Pensa -
cola to Take Steps Leading to
Change to ' Aldermanic Form
If Writ Is Made Permanent Elec- j
tion Will Have to Be Called
Unless Appeal Is Made to the
Supreme Court.
Judge Campbell, of the Circuit Court,
has Issued a writ of mandamus to the
City Commissioners, directing - them
to forthwith. call a special election of!
the qualified voters at which the fol
lowing question shall be ' submitted:
"Shall the said City of Pensacola
abandon its organization unde the
provisions of law providing a commis
sion form of government?" v :
The writ is returnable to the Judge
of the Circuit Court . at DeFuniak
The judge will' hear arguments then," ;
or on a day to be agreed upon, as to
making the writ permanent. L , ; .
It the writ is made permanent, then
an election will have to be called, un
less an appeal is taken to the Supreme
Court.", The order follows:
The State of Florida to Frank D.
Sanders, Frank R. Pou and George H.
Hinrichs, Commissioners constituting .aDsence. . . r
the Board of Commissioners of ' the f the boats are ordered to sea the
City of Pensacola, Florida, and , tol raen are never certain they will re
every of them. Greeting: , V turn to the port from which they sail-
Whereas. the petition of J. Hereon ed- They don't know whether or not
DAlemberte, Dudley R. Saunders and to , tell their families to move or to
William L. Moyer has been j filed be
fore sthe Honorable A. G. . Campbell,
Judge of our , Circuit Court, in and for
Escambia County, with the suggestion
and allegations therein : contained' as
set forth in the copy thereor: hereto
of, and,' "whereas, thtr-said, petitioners
pray that1 the writ Of mandamus may
be- issued by this court, and directed
to the said Frank D. Sanders. Frank R.;
, , ... : i a
No. 2 Continued on Page Two
Commander Rizzo ' Is Left in
, Charge at Fiume While In
- surgent Italian Leader Leaves
i on Mysterious Mission.
Paris, Nov. 15. -Gabrlele d'Annunzio,
the insurgent Italian commander of
Fiume, is engaged in another, adven
ture along the Dalmatian coasts ac
cording to advices reaching the peace
conference here. He sailed from Flume
tho torpedo boat Valloa, accompanied
by a steamer carrying 300 shock troops,
the reports state. ' " .; -
He was said to have been followed
by an Italian warship, which wasva,ue m destroyers to Maine
merely observing his movements. The
debarkation point on the Dalmatian
coast ' is not known, but it Is thought
likely here that Zara has been selected.
It - is not t believed he would go to
Spalato, which - is garrisoned by. the
Jugo-Slave, ; . with . the surrounding
water controlled by Rear Admiral An
drews of the United States navy, with
the" armored cruiser Pittsburg and a
fleet or destroyers! . : "
.The advices to the ' American peace
delegation - were from. Vice Consul
O'Hara at Trieste. He forwarded the
report there that d'Annuncio had left
Fiume on the Valloa and had effected
a landing on the Dalmatian coast line.
Importance is attached in peace con
ference circles to d'Annuncio's move
ments, because Sunday is election day
in Italy, with Fiume the chief issue.
It Is generally thought he 1 is seek
ing to carry out a spectacular per-?
ation to strengthen the party, which
is reported in Paris to have lost, con
siderable ground m' Italy ffUring -the
past three weeks. The . Italian navy
was said C to be wavering perceptibly
on the torpedo boat Valloa, accompa-
Trieste, Nov. 15. A telegram to the
Trieste stock exchange says: ..
"Gabriele d'Annunzio left Fiume
Thursday night for an unknown' des
tination in a torpedo boat, followed
by other ships.. Rizzo was left in
command of the city- ' " . j
Commander Luiga Rizzo is com
mander in chief of the d'Annunzio
sea forces. His - daring exploit during
the war resulted in the sinking of
two Austrian battleships off the Dal
datian coast. i
Viti V liLl IrULlUH 1
Pensacola Could Become I the
Permanent Base for All of
the Destroyers in the Atlantic
' A " ; wonderful ' opportunity awaits
Pensacola. An opportunity- to serve
the nation, the state and the city. 'An
opportunity to serve the navy and the
men of the navy. Pensacola- can
become the permanent home of the
entire destroyer, force of the Atlantic
fleet. -: ; . .
' The officers and men of the flotillas
want a home.' They want a port where
they ' can be with their families, get
acquainted with their (Children and
make " friends with their neighbors.
There is, at present, no definite sys
tem of ) home ports for the destroy
ers. They run from Eastport, Maine,
to the Rio" Grande, and never know
what port will be their home. The of
ficers and' men, particularly the chief
petty officers, are unable to be with
their families except when they are
fortunate enough to obtain leave of
stay. They, can never settle .down.
A great majority of naval men come
from Inland cities. If a ship is based
on New York, for example, and a man
rents -a flat and has his wife join him
he can be at home nearly every night
there is no assurance whatever that
it will return to New York at alL It
may be ordered to Boston or to
Charleston. The result is that few
navy men are', ever joined ; by their
families. , They leave their wives in
the inland cities and see them only
when on furlough, perhaps once a
year.' ' '': y' :
The - greatest single drawback to
navj' life' is the lack of home ties. It
is even more potent than the small
ness of the pay check in taking men
away from the navy; ,
' But it is a "condition that need not
exist. Both England and France have
overcome it to a great extent. And
this .,is how. , , w.V.'.. -.
At several seaport towns, naval : col
onies have c been - established where
navy, men's families live and where
the boats always base. . I speak par
ticularly of ' the destroyers, although
the same plan has been carried out
with - the battleships. At these bases
there ' are torpedo ranges, athletic
fields, canteens, amusement houses,
all built for, . and operated by, the
navy. , : . --...
These ports are real "home-ports."
The boats always return to them. The
colonies are apart from the civilian
towns and yet part of them. The cot
tages are comfortably built and are
rented or sold at reasonable prices.
The men establish their families in
them and have real home-life.
The problem Is one that is vital to
the- country. There is no particular
one month and to Texas the next,
Cruisers for training should be made
in all waters In whch hostilities might
develop, of course, but when the train,
ing period is over, and the boats- are
to lie In port, let them always re
turn "home." -.' - '
'Now; for Pensacola's . opportunity.
The harbor is ideal for destroyer work.
A section of the upper bay could be
set - aside for torpedo ranges.' " A- col
onyrcould be started,' with comfortable
cottage built to be rented, or" sold at
fairr prcsfs on reasonable terms. And
the navy department and congress,
could be" offered the wonderful ad
vantage of ,a. port so admirably fitted
for the "work let the destroyers, . and a
people so willing to aid. " , ;
It,' is a proposition thatr is feasible.
More than ;that it is a proposition, in
No. 4 Continued on Page Two
Many Advertise City By
Use bi centennial Stamp
Pensacola's city commissioners ' are
advertising' the city by using' the
words . "Pensacola -The Centennial
City stamped on every envelope leav
ing their offices. The same practice
has been taken up by the various city
officials and in this way , the city is
getting some valuable advertising.
. A large i number of merchants have
also " introduced ; tide stamp method of
advertising the city. The stamps are
usually elijitir. m shape, about six
Inches the Ion g way and - three , the
dhort diameter. -
Advance of , About Thirty Per
Cent With More Liberal Al
lowances - for Families Prom-
, ised by Committees.
Cost of is Living Has Doubled
Since Nation's First Line of
Defence Received Increase
Many Would Leave Service.
Washington, D. C, Nov. 15.
Brought face to face ' with the rapid
decay of the country's first line of de
fense, congress is going to increase
the pay ' of the officers and enlisted
men of the American navy as quickly
as possible. Substantial increases all
along the line are imperatively neces
sary to' prevent wholesale desertions
and resignations -that, if continued but
a short while longer, will , leave the
navy with plenty of magnificent war
ships of" all kinds but with only of
ficers and men enough to operate' but
a few of them.
The pay of the line officers is to be
Increased about 30 per cent and more
liberal allowances are to be ' given for
the support of their families; the war
rant officers are to be given material
ly increased wages, and the pay of the
petty officers is to be increased to an
even higher percentage than that of
the two higher grades. .
The pay of the enlisted ' men will
likely not be Increased above the pres
ent minimum rate of $32.50 a month,
but liberal Increases will be made in
the pay of the men - who can advance
to the higher grades after four months
of service. '"'.-"I- "' "
Congress fully recognizes the very
serious situation . facing the navy,
whose ranks are being rapidly deplet
ed through officers and " men " leaving
the service in great numbers to ac
cept greatly increased remuneration
from private employers.
Secretary Daniels, Rear Admiral T.
J. - Cowie of the navy pay corps and
other navy officials have appeared be
fore . the house naval committee in the
past two weeks and unanimously urg
ed in the strongest terms that con
gress give liberal pay increases.
Admiral Sowie solemnly warned the
naval r committee 4that the morale of
the navy' is going to crack and that
It will be Impossible to retain enough
officers and men to man half the ships
unless generous increases are granted.
He urged that the pay of officers be
increased about 30 per cent -and that
of the enlisted men about 50 per cent.
These are the percentages of increase
provided in the Stiness bill upon
which the committee is working.'
The pay of the officers of the navy
has not been increased since 1903, al
though it is generally agreed that liv
ing1 costs have doubled since then. The
minimum pay of the enlisted men has
been 'increased from $15 to $32.50 per
month in the past years, but this is
said not to he sufficient to-meet pres
ent day conditions. ..- . --
The officers and their families are
in a serious plight. Secretary Dan
iels .desk is piled high with resigna
tions of navy officers. lie has de
clined to accept them, however, antici
pating that relief in the way of in-
No. 3 Continued on Page Two
It Is believed that in a week's time
every section of the nation, and many
foreign countries are reached by mail
from Pensacola merchants and others.
By using these stamps the centennial J
idea, is being put across, and it won't
be long before people will say, on hear
ing of Florida, "Why that's the place
where Pensacola is, and the Florida
centennial." , '
It is understood that small seals,
similar to the various Christmas seals,
will be sold this .year ' every booster
will be urged to use them on all maiJ.
Famous Authority on Economics
and International Law Says
Employers Must Recognize
Right of Men to Organize.
As Reasonable for Them to Be
Heard on WThat They Shall
Receive as It Is for Employers
to Earn Reasonable Dividends
(N. E. A. Special Correspondent.)
New Haven, Conn Nov. 15. Em
ployers must recognize the risht of
empolyes to organize,, says "William
Howard Taft -
Employers must realize that em
ployes "have as full a, right to live,
and as full a right to be heard as to
the question " of what they shall re
ceive and the terms of their employ
ment, as employers have to earn rea
sonable dividends on their invest
ments . " ":-
Taft said this in his first public in
terview on the great industrial unrest
now seething throughout America.
He added that property right will
survive,, that society will resume its
normal pre-war course, and that thrift
will continue to be rewarded by sue-
. . a . i i j I. . . Jt..
cess ana laziness, puiusiicu uj uia
tress.. : . v. - . ,
The former president analyzed - the
labor crisis in all its phases,, economic
and political,, and compared it with the
situation abroad. :
He took up in detail the various
stands of Elbert H. Gary, Samuel Com
pers, William Z. Foster, John Fitz
patrick and John I Lewis in the steel
and mine strikes. .
- He took no pains to spare either side,
but struck out whever he thinks
blows are needed.
War's Disturbance Called Colossal.
In his office overlooking Yale cam
pus, Taft began:
"Ohe war which has Just closed, was
one which may only be described as
colossal, with the disturbances in busi
ness and in economic conditions as
much greater than have followed pre
vious wars as the forces engaged and
destructive agencies used and losses
incurred were greater than in any pre
vious war. . ; . ;
"The mechanics of this war were
more important than in any previous
war, and this soon developed the utter
dependence of each country upon its
labor, skilled and unskilled, to supply
the absolute fightintg necessities at
the front.:
"The .war was in a certain degree,
indeed, fought in the workshops of the
contending countries.
"This indispensable part which man
ual labor played in the war did not.
workingmen, and it gave them such a
sense of their power that, in case of
any grievance, fancied or real, they
were anxious to exercise it. .
"The high wages they received were
a contributing factor in the high
prices they had tq pay for living, and
while I think wages probably in
creased, in greater proportion than the
cost of living among workingmen, who
could, through trades unions and com
binations, exert the power of which I
have spoken,-it nevertheless, left them
restless . arid . anxious to use their
power to improve their conditions and
to increase .their share in the Joint
product of labor and capital far abov
what it had ever been before.
Many Workers Seem Glad to Make Is
sue of any Difference,
"Such a movement for a constant in
crease of wages, of course, met resist
ance. That's what has , produced out
unrest and strikes, but these strike
are not confined today to a mere de
sire to better terms of employment.
In the present highly ser "tive con
dition of labor and in its ntff concep
tion of its own importance, many
workmen seem glad to seize on a
difference between them and theit
employers which they can make intc
an issue.
"On the other hand we must recog
nize that employers, some of them
have made enormous profits; othert
good profits, : and that business ha:
been generally very prosperous. Doubt
less profits have been exaggerated in
so far as the reports of them havt
been made to. labor. But by these re
ports, in part true and in part unsus
tained, labor has been : made to thlnl
It is not getting its proper share, an
that it should use pressure and thi
Mo- 1 Continued on Paae Fiva

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