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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, December 07, 1919, Image 1

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Tke Ten Days Sale of
December 1-10. ' 1
With the Proceeds a Great
Work Is to Be Carried On
: :1
v "i 1 i . f
Showers followed by clearing
and colder Sunday; " Monday fair
and colder, with fresh ' south
shifting to northwest winds.
C 3 ' -J
"Sick and Tired of Proposals to
Have Public Bear Additional
Burdens," He Says.
Leaders Mysteriously : Absent
From Indianapolis May Be
Trying to, End Strike.
Washington, D. C. Dec. 7.
Attorney General Palmer an
nounced shortly after midnight
that an agreement had , been
reached between -government of
ficials and Acting President
Lewis and Secretary. Green, of
the Miners under which ' com
promise will be proposed for ter
mination of the coal strike. The
proposal will be submitted to the
executive committee of miners
Tuesday.- It is" not announced
what the compromise was, though
it was stated it was proposed
by President Wilson. r
; Washington, Dec. . . The coal strike
cannot be compromised with the- con
J sent of the federal government "in any
fashion that will mean an advance in
price to the public, Fuel Administrator
Garfield declared tonight. He said ,h
"sick and tired of proposals to make
the public bear additional burdens,,"
Garfield said this will not be done' as
long as he is fuel administrator.; He
said the cabinet stands behind him, on
the principle involved. , "... "i V .. ,
Tndianapolis, Dec. 6 Despite .con-
tinued silence here concerning the
whereabouts of acting president Lewis
and secretary Green of the miners, it
is believed they are gone to Washing
ton where persons close in touch with
he miners advanced the theory that
they might try to end the strike. It
was said many . union leaders agree
that continuation of the strike would
cause prolonged injury to , the , labor
movement and that some move by
hhor to end it would not be regarded
as a suprise. Both Lewis sjid Green
are due here Tuesday to answer the
charges of violation of the injunction.
Springfield, Illinois, Dec. 6 F,rank
Farrington. president of the Illinois
district of the United Mine Workers,
was arrested at his home here tonight
:t a warrant charging contempt, of
Charleston, West Virginia, Dec. 6
Five hundred and forty miners, offi
cials and members of mine committees
in districts 17 and 29 of the United
Mine Workers, which embraces the
organized mines in the southern part
jf West Virginia were named in a
temporary restraining order of lhe
federal district court today,, which for
bids them unlawfully conspiring and
agreeing to keep the strike order in
effect - .:
i Tacoma. Washington, Dec. 6 Troops
j of the first and thirty-fifty regiments
j ff infantry from Camp Lewis, arrived
j at Eutte. Montana, today for duty at
coal mines. "".' ''-'
Minut, North Dakota, Dec. 6 -North
Dakota lignite miners went to work
today under a wage scale calling for
a fourteen percent increase.
Pittsburg, Dec. 6--Renorts that
"lion miners in the Pittsburg district
manifesting a disposition to re-
urn to work were denied at the offices
"f th Vnlted Mine Worker's of Amer
ica today. ..'..,
l,J'JUl mn are standing fast," said an,
":r;a!- Many of them have obtained
'I'ioyment on road work which the
i'JHTi weather has made possible and
tare setting along. Others saved their
jp?n"f' and they still , have ' their
f- jerty bonds and war savings stamps.
Vie man, the father of a family of
p was here yesterday and had in his
pket ;1f9 worth of .Liberty bonds. I
ciw r,f n0 distress among trie miners
Jwir families." '.--v V -
; Effects of the strike began to be felt
tht district today when several
; fnts closed. - "
c.ashin&ton, Dec. 6 How the coal
s. such as the present one may be
viated by development' of electric
sl"r by water was pictured to the
nate today by Senator Jones,' re
th7'ian f Washington, who urged
Senate lo act on pending legisla-
iTiimi nyaro-eiectric aeveiop
in navigable streams. , The bill
; s aiieady passed the house and was
e't aside by the senate during the
ra session on account of the treaty.
ultimate development of all power
"doie on navigable streams would
tuir mre Coal tnan tne country ac
' consumes now, the senator said.
Governor Roberts Serves Notice
on Both Miners and Op
erators of Mines
Executive Tells Large Audience
at Knoxville Time Ripe for
State to Take a Hand.
Knoxville, Tenn.. Dec. 6. In an ad
dress before a large assembly of citi
zens here this morning Governor A. H.
Roberts served notice on both
coal '
operators and miners that the coal
strike in Tennessee must be termin-'
ated. He appealed to
upon the ground of self-interest and
the higher ground of patriotic duty to
state and nation, and declared that
should they fail to heed this appeal
then the notice is served upon them
that, I shall forthwith take such steps
and employ such means as may seem
best calculated to produce the de
sired results. ; - .
The governor spoke in .Market 'Hall,
the city auditorium and was heard by
a large audience including many min
ers and' 'operators as well as inter
ested citizens from Knoxville and other
points in East Tennessee. He was ac-
tcompanied to the city by Attorney
General Frank M. Thompson, and ad
jutant General E. B. Sweeny with both
this afternoon. Several operators and
miners also called upon the governor
and discussed with him the strike
situation and the coal supply in this
4 There were indications' tonight that
operators and miners might reach a
tentative agreement and resume work
in coal mines in district 19, Tennessee,
and Kentucky, Monday morning.
fetriking miners who are not at
work by Tuesday morning must va
cate houses owned by coal companies
it was decided at a meeting of opera
tors after the governor's address.
I deeply regret." said Governor
Roberts in his appeal to the miners
and operators of Tennessee "to com
pose their differences and begin the
operation of the mines forthwith, the
time has come in the development of
the coal strike now on in-Tennessee
when I feel impelled by a sense of duty
to the public to take an active inter
est in the operation of the coal mines
in Tennessep. The people of Tennes
see are now facing a coal famine which
not only threatens great financial loss,
but imperils the health and lives of
the people. ' ,
"The coal deposits of Tennessee are
impressed, measureably at least with
a public trust and this trust and use
are so vital and necessary to the very
life, of the people themselves that it
constitutes in my judgment such a
right as should be protected and en
forced on behalf of the public. -
"As governor I shall not tolerate any
such use of property to be made as
will result in serious injury to the
public. The right to use property is
not absolute, but is relative only. The
owner of a gun has ho right to use it
to the injury of his fellows. Neither
has the owner of a coal mine the right
to use his property or decline to use
it to the detriment, and injury of the
public. Notice is hereby served upon
tnem mat tney must either ' exercise
their corporate powers or forfeit their
rights to do so to the state which con
ferred them. In other words, thev
must either mine coal or exhaust every
effort to do so, or be prepared to an
swer the state for its failure' through
its courts or military power as the
statel may elect. e
On the other hand the right to
strike is not in any sense, an absolute
one; indeed, the moral right does not
exist at all in favor of citizens en
gaged in certain employments. Here
is a . great coal , strike where a large
number of men have arrogated unto
themselves the right for the mere
sake r of a comparatively small in
crease . in wages to freeze the world
into submission to their demands,
throwing hundreds of thousands of la
borers out of employment for want of
material with which to work, and thus
wrecking our entire industrial sys
tem." The governor announced that since
the situation had' become acute and
"both sides in their stubbornness and
selfishness have manifested a dispo
sition to stand out against all en
treaties," it became his duty to inter
vene and assert the rights of the pub
lic "To this end, he declared, "I
nhA.lf itit1ov all the resources of the
state or Tennessee in oom men ana
iiiwnPRwnfln m
Every Indication Points to Elec
tion of Alabaman to: Suc
ceed Martin of Virginia.
Hitchcock's Friends Have Not
Given Up Fight But Appear
; Less Confident of Victory
Washington, D. C, Dec. 6. Every
indication points to the election of
Senator Oscar W. Underwood, of Ala
bama, - to be : Democratic floor., leader
of the senate to succeed the late
Thomas S. Martin, of Virginia.
The contest is between Senator Un
derwood and -Senator Gilbert M.
Hitchcock, of Nebraska, ranking mem
ber of the' foreign relations commit
tee, who has been leading the presi-
tdent'a fight
for ratification of the
Though names of other
peace treaty.
senators are mentioned for the place
it is only in a complimentary sort, of
r thom!way. ana tne reai ngm
is -between
the Nebraskan ana tne Aia Daman. .
: Senator Underwood's friends , were
very busy .campaigning .for him
during the short senate recess and
now have the pledges of more than a
majority of the Democratic senators
to support unaerwuuu,. xuc Kpaa
quite confident of victory. .. .'
The Hitchcock supporters' are still
working hard, however, and have not
given up the fight. They do not ap
pear so confident as the Underwood
men. ; ; v ' :
, The new. floor leader1 of the senate
Democrats -will be chosen , at a caucus
of the members to be held in perhaps
a week or ten days. -" ,.Tf''sv
The senate floor leadership carries
with it great prestige and responsi
bility. If held by a strong man i
becomes one of the most influential
places in the governmental machinery.
Ordinarily the steering committee
of the senate . Democrats would first
go over the situation and perhaps
make a recommendation to the caucus
that would have considerable weight.,
but that is out of the question in this
instance, because both Senators
Hitchcock and Underwood are mem
bers of the steering committee and
it would be extremely embarrassing
to either to have the matter brought
up in committee.
Only the absence of several Demo
cratic senators from the west pre
vents the holding of the caucus at
orce for the choosing or the new floor
leader. If the caucus was held now
there would be no doubt of Under
wood's election. . All the southern
Democrats .are on hand and lined up
for Underwood. The Hitchcock forces
expect to have the backing of almost
all, if not the solid strength of the
western Democrats.'
Senator Underwood and his friends
do not wish, however, to take advan
tage of the absence of the westerners,
who will, for the most part, line up
for Hitchcock, but prefer waiting un
til next week or the week following,
when almost all the Democrats are
expected to be on hand and a full and
fair vote can be obtained. . ' , ,
President Wilson will take no part
in the contest. He ts on the most
friendly terms with both Hitchcock
ana unaerwooa, and . believes .either
will make an efficient leader. Despite
the . numerous reports of disaffection
between President Wilson and Sena
tor Hitchcock, it can be stated with
authority that the closest, friendshin
exists between them and that th
president holds a deep admiration and
gratitude for Senator Hitchcock for
the courageous fight the Nebraskan
made in the senate for ratification of
the treaty in a way desired by the
Efforts of some Opponents of the
treaty to make it appear that there is
bad feeling between the president and
Hitchcock have failed to impress peo
ple in Washington acquainted with
the situation.
Much cf the support of Senator
Underwood for the leadership, by sen
ators outside the "solid South'" comes
from their recognition of his sterling
qualities of leadership, his keen politic
cal foresight, ability to judge character
and lead men. pronounced ability as a
parliamentarian, and vast knowledge
of the workings of the federal depart
ments, and the senate and ' house ;
As chairman of the ways and means
luiiiiuiLtco, aim uour leader for the
Democrats in the house from 1912 to
1917, Senator Underwood made a most
enviable record for getting things
done expeditiously, as his party wanted
them done, and with an entire absence
iricuon eitner in his party
among the Republicans. . . ...;
it -j faenator - Underwood is
Democratic floor leader, as he mna
m m..
tu Lamiy win ut?, win nave arnnm.
pIished a most unusua, thine
Committee v Finds r Passengers
; Are Being Carried at a
v '- Dead Loss '
The ordinance providing for the in-j
crease to seven-cent street car fares
1:3 to be offered to the city commis
sioners 1 Monday for thei action. A
recent audit of the company's books
showed! that the Pensacola Electric
Company is losing one 'and a quarter
cents for ecah passenger that it carries
over its lines, and the committee ap
pointed to investigate the justice of
the company's request appeared before
the commissioners last week and
urgently requested that the increase
be granted. .. -
: The street car company has agreed
that if the increase to seven cents is
granted, they will put on a two-way
service on the East . Hill line, will
complete the Big Bayou trestle, and
will supplement their equipment with
additional closed cars for winter use.
An official of the company, .when
asked . yesterday w'h.it the company
would do it the increase ws not
granted, stated that lie felt sure that
the commissioners "would . allow the
increase in fares, but that in the event
that they, did not it was more than
likely that the, street car service of
Pensacola would be forced into the
hands of a receiver. According to this
same officia., if this is done, it will
mean a general curtailment of the ex
isting service, for the company cannot
continue to operate at a loss.
Surgeon General Says 30,000
Beds for Treating War In
surance Patients Needed.
" Washington, Dec. 6 Asking con
gress for $85,000,000 to build and equip
hospitals to care for war risk insur
ance patients. Surgeon General Blue
of the public health service today re
ported that more than thirty thousand
beds would be heeded by July 1, 1921
No sites for the location , of the hos-
fpitals were proposed, the surgeon gen
eral urging that selections await- ap
propriation of funds to build the in
In estimating the hospital , facilities
to be needed, the surgeon general took
into account the treatment of select
ive service men passed by local boards,
but later rejected at camps. Legisla
tion providing for their treatment by
ithe government has passed the house
and now awaits senate action.
Dr. Blue also recommended that the
medical benefits be extended to men
who are suffering less than 10 per5 cent
disabilityi from ;war service, declaring
that these men eventually would suf-
Tel - S?rlOUS ULsauiuij uiucoa given
proper treatment now,
,Y Sri
Tallahassee. . Fla., Dec. 6.
j Governor Catts has removed J.
C.Van Pelt as sheriff of Es
cambia County and has appoint-
- ed H. W. Whitaker, in his stead.
- The order of removal; which was
1 iled' In the office of the secre-
. tary of state this afternoon, al
leged .neglect of duty in office.
The qualification- -papers have
been mailed out to Mr. Whit
Public Warned Railway Traffic
Be Unsatisfactory Until
Emergency Passes.
Wamin" to
the public that railway travel will be
-.rNffii.if an iinMtkfactnrv" until the
coal strike emergency is passed and
should be avoided wherever possible
was Issued tonight by Director Gen-
eral Hines. Many trains will be
taken off throughout the country.
Chicago, Dec. 6. Drastic curtail-
ment of msseneer train service?
, x x,-- - . i.
inrougnout me cuuuiry, me casiciii
- . . ... . .
and southern regional directors tak-
ing virtually the same action as- that
two davs ago by the central, north
and southwestern directors today had
been ordered as a fuel conservation
measure. As the strike of coal miners
entered its sixth week optimism which
roflopts,! ih actual favorahle Ho-
velopments reported from the coal
Additional industries today were
closed or had given notice that opera
tion would be , suspended after today,
while the coal saving orders that al
ready had put Chicago on a 6 hour
business day and affected, other cities
of the central-west, north : and south
west to a lesser degree, were extend
ed to other- places. At Chicago a six-
hour day beginning Monday was de
creed . and it was predicted by. mem
bers of the regional coal committee
that a few days' continuance of the
miners' walkout would force a four
hour day.
Washington, Dec. 6. All bituminous
coal mines now in . operation , must
close Within ; a week unless the rail
road administration pays for the coal
it has confiscated or diverted, says a
statement' today by the American
Wholesale Coal Association.
The association said the - railroad
administration had refused to pay for
the coal until a price it considered fair
had been fixed by Fuel Administrator
Garfield and that Dr. Garfield had re
fused to change his price ruling.
TMiiies which will be affected, the
statement said, are producing now 5,-
400,000 tons of coal, the sole supply for
the nation in .the present crisis.
"If the miners are to" continue to
produce coal they must have money
to meet their payrolls, said the state
ment. "The railroad administration is
taking 60 per cent of this coal. It has
paid for no confiscated or diverted coal
for sixty days and refuses to pay un
til la price which it considers fair is
fixed by Dr. Garfield. ; Dr. Garfield has
refused to change .his price rulings. So
long as this deadlock continues, coal
mines cannot get money for coal which
has been mined and fhnr,!d., ,
Noccalula Completes Successf ul
Dock Trial-Will Be
Loaded Here.
In tow of the Aiken tugs Simpson,
Dixie and Nellie, the giant freighter
Noccalula left her finishing basin at
Little Bayou yesterday afternoon short
ly after 2 o'clock and came into the
open bay. The big steamer will leave
this morning for Mobile where she will
go into dry dock to be painted, but
will return later in the week to be
loaded by the Pensacola Shipping!
The Noccalula underwent her dock
trial Wenesday which was successful
m every respect.
The vessel is the
third ship built
Shipbuilding Co. for the Emergency
,1 - Ieet Corporation and possesses ap-
pointments rarely seen in a vessel of
her, t'Pe- The quarters for her officers
1 Itrvv i parucuiany weu appomi-
nd outclass in many respects the
Cushnoc and Escambia which were
; turned out by the same company sev
J ert.1 monins ago.
oeerai oinciais or tne company.
KAI" " , l"e emergency
.uiu, .,u invueu
: guests will make the trin to Mrtn
. ahnarrl tho nraliil -r.-l,. 1, i
- ,t-'lvtra
he.rf ,toda Among those m the party
' Wl" "e: t captain raui r. Stewart.
i VU""M" r ra1K A-
! re"slw "tnt to the president;
iA- ' Haley, J. McRae, W. A. Rideout.
Myers, and Clyde Mallynn, of
the Emergency Fleet Corporation
1 ",a"cuan'' cunipuas aujusier, r.
'J6"' n,p s aia J' i" ""er. of
wesungnouse Engine Company; E. A.
Egan. purchasing agent, I. Graddock,
cashier, William Cowie, Lloyd's rep
resentative and Mr. Twitchell and
Cargo is being assembled for the
Noccalula by the Pensacola Shipping
Company and immediately upon her
return to this port loading of the ves
sel will commence. She will carry her1
first cargo to Liverpool.
Demand That Speaker Name
- Madison, Wis., Dec. 6. In a gathering
of more than 500 people to hear Colonel
Raymond Ronbins tell about eovict Rus
sia,, were pulled to their feet in excite
ment today when five soldiers who
served in Russia denied Robbins state
ment that American troops mutinied
there. They demanded that Rohbins
give the names of the organizations.
Names of men he said who signed the
affidavit but who, he asserted, were
unable at present to disclose, as Jt
would involve other persons and the
federal proceedings which ha-1 not yet
Washington, Dee. 6. Secretary Wil
son, and other officials of the depart
ment of labor will be called before the
house immigration, committee nest
week to testify concerning the delays
In dennrJLjfinn of radiral: nnd a.'frn.
Efforts of Publicity Campaign
Have Become Evident in .
State Press Comment.
Tampa and Key West Favorable
to Deep Water City; Jack
sonville Is Cold.
.Pensacola has little to fear from the r
other leading cities of the state in re- -gard
to the centennial deff gnation.
When the state commission meets at
Jacksonville next Saturday it should "
be able to complete the first half of -its
duties in march time by designating
Effects of the publicity campaign
conducted last week in. East and -Scuth
Florida by the Pensacola cen
tennial publicity committee are be
coming apparent in press comment
from the leading papers of the state.
Sentiment which before was adverse
is swinging round,; and those who
were lukewarm are now. openly in
favor of the Deep Water City:
The Florida Times-Union, of Jack
tville, says thta the (past -coaat
...otropolis doesn't want the - show. It
is understood that a meeting of the
leading business men was held re-,
cently and at that meeting, which was
secret, only One - tmn Tield out for 1
pushing claims for the, centennial.
That man. It ' is ' said, was . not Mr.
Logan, Jacksonville member of: the
state commission. . t
Tampa is. warmly in ravor of Pen- .
sacola. Sentiment in the Hillsborough'
city has never been for Jacksonville,
and when the four-fairs compromise,
was proposed, Tampa was not in favor.
The decision of the attorney general
was received with acclaim, and now
Tampa will be well pleased if Pensa
cola is designated.
Key West is heartily for Pensacola.
The straits city knows that it is in
capable of handling any part of the
exposition and will be glad to have
its farthest removed sister city named.
The Key West Citizen has endorsed
Miami was the only city in which "
opposition to a centennial of any kind
had developed. The chairman of tho
Pensacola publicity committee ap
peared before the Mrami chamber of
cemmerce Tuesday night, and after (
outlining Pensacola-s claims and '
plans, answered numerous questions '
as to the facilities in this city and '
the costs of the exposition.
At first, sentiment was strong
against the proposition. Put the Miami
chamber agreed to interpose no ob
jections to -having Pensacola named
as the site for holding the purchase
i F rank- u,.-!. c
I riK llams. Sr..
editor of the
ncala Rmn - ' l
"aI " fr' anJ one of the strong
, the state, has
w9rw. x-ensacola. Mr.
"rris urges the state commission to
j snate this city and proceed to
Perfect the organization necessarv
Awaits Mexico's
Answer to Bail
Washington. Dec. 6. Todav's devel
opment left a doubt whether the Mex
ican officials had really complied with
the request of the United States and
released Consular Agent Jenkins,
whose imprisonment brought the rela
tions to a critical point, official disl
patches said nothing about bail On
answer to this question seems to hinge
whether the sharp diplomatic corre
spondence will be renewed. Officials
are investigating whether J. Walter
Hansen, who is renorfori i
nished bail did so as an' agent of the
Mexican government which might take
as at least an embarrassing way
out of the situation.
The Hague, Dec. 6 The former Ger
man Crown Prince has renewed
lease on his house at Wieringen until
next spring.
Cleveland, Dec. 6. The style com
mittee of the National Cloak, Suit and
Skirt Manufacturer's Association today
recommended that women's skirts be
from three to four inches shorter next
4 ;
J '
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