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TH? PENSACOLA JOURNAL, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 8, 1919. ? 5 i ' 1 -si . t i t 7 . 1 ' t i ft: 41 r'.i . s 5ft; ' DCcIa rented DAILY WEEKLY SUNDAY Journal Publishing- Company LOTS X. MATES, PretlJeflt and anr! Manari HOWARD LEB MATES. Secretary and Treasurer, Conducted from 18 W to 1916 Under the Kditor-hip an - Mtnatemtnt cf CoL rrink U Mayes. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS, Audit Bureau of Circulation Am erkmn Nep&Pr Publishers Association - 'Florida Pren Association Southern Nwppr Publisher" Association TO ADVERTISER In ease f errors or omissions In legal or thr adver tisement the publisher does not bold blmf liable for daman farther than the amount received by him for each advertisements. NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC Any erronoy reflection upon tha character, stand In or reputation : of .any person, firm or corporation which may appear in the column, of The JOURNAL ill be gladly corrected upon It being brought to the attention of the publisher SUBSCRIPTION RATES 13 One Week. Dally and Sunday ....... Two Weeks, Daily and Sunday -2 One Monttv Dally and Sunday -63 Three Months, Daly and Sunday 1-65 Six Months, Ia!!y and Sunday r -2 One Tear. Daily and Sunday ....T......'.. 6.50 Sunday Only, One Tear 1.50 The Weekly Journal. Oae Tear 1.50 Mall subscriptions are payable In advance. KDITORIAL. DEFT PHONES s. and Mar, 1500 ' Manaelncr Editor 21 Advertising tnr. 4 Ur1" scitT Kditor 4S Office: Journal Bid;.. Cor. Xntendencla and DeLuna Sta. BITSIN'KS? OFFICE. PHONES rrs. The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news credited to It or not otherwise .credited In this paper and" also to local news published. ;i - . . . - - ' Entered as Second class matter at the postofflce In Pensacola. Fla-, under Act of Congress. March S. 1&79. Advertising Rates Furnished , on Application JOURNAL PUBLISHING. COMPANY Pen sacola. Florida; - V'sshlngton Bureau: Geo. II. Manning, Manager Washington. T. C. Represented In the General Advertising Field by CONE, LORENZEN &' WOODMAN, New York. Chicago. Detroit.. Kansas City. Atlanta - THE NATION'S SIUPPIXG POLICY. The government now owns something more than i.200 ships. Some of these are splendid vessels; others were- emergency craft, built because they could be got quick, and these cannot be economically operated, nor do they fit Into properly balanced merchant marine, according to The Manufacturers' Record, which In an article appearing In the current Issue discusses the Nation's Shipping Policy, In its relation to the south. - - , The Manufacturers Record says : "The government fleet3 were brought Into being under war legisla tion, which appeared as riders on appropriation bills, and this legislation provides for the disposal or the fleet within sis; months after the proclamation of ppace by the president. But there is earlier legis lation, that 'under which the shipping board was created, which provides for a tenure of five years after peace is declared, and there Is. nothing to pre vent me presniem irom aisposmg" or me war fleets by turning them over to. the shipping board. The necessity for the sale of the vessels within six months, therefore, is technical only and can be read ily overcome. The Green bill, which passed the house by an overwhelming vote, is thought by some of the best advised senators merely to restate an assignment of power already existing in the president. It does cot represent a solution of the problem. In the senate a number of bills have been pre sented by Mr. Jones of Washington. A feature of the Jones program Is a lease of vessels to corpora tions, such as those which have recently begun to operate from southern ports, until such time, lim ited, as these corporations have been able to develop sufficient business to enable them to stand on their own bottoms, when the vessels they have can be purchased outright by them 'on liberal terms. . What the southern ports are asking for, "as we understand it, is not government ownership, but the Incorporation , in any legislation of provisions which will permit leasing -under terms- similar to those now obtaining until such time as the new routes being developed have strengthened. We stand with them on such a proposition, and we believe that congress will do so. likewise. It would be sheer madness to throw away the rich national asset which men of brains and vision,.not only in the South, but all along the cost, are manifesting In opening up new' trade" routes and .reaching into new territory where American man ufacturers can dispose of their products. And so would it be madnessto formulate a shipping, policy so stringent that the financial resources -of the new companies would be unable to meet Jthe re quirements. Sound business sense requires a policy of construction, not a program of ruin. - ' It Is. unfortunately, true that the theory of pap has long held sway In the South. Washington was looked to as an Aladdin's lamp, which need only be rubbed to bring prosperity to any-community. That is a policy of subservience. It has only been a few months since the. cotton growers discarded their old havit of begging for decent prices, began relying on themselves, and undertook to fight their own battles. ' The taste of victory has come into their mouths. ' - . : The uses to which Liberty Bonds can be put are legion. We do not know that it would require considerable prestidigitation to make some of those held in the South liquid capital for the promotion ; of enterprise. ; But not by an appeal to sentiment. s We advise no man to give up a government bond for a bond of some corporation for sentimental reasons. But where great trade developments are under way and a citizen may use the capital he has accumulated in the form of Liberty , bonds to share in such de velopment, helping not only his own locality, but having more than a reasonable ..nance also to reap reward for his faith and judgment, then there Is no necessity for burying Liberty bonds in the cellar and encasing them in cement. The South needs great, aggregations of . capital. "it needs to divert 4ts many tiny sireams of wealth ulate in joyous enterprise of it3 own, a kind of spec ulation which all men approve. One of the great assets of the South la its ports. They have ben too long neglected. They are their hlnterland3 mouths of sustenance. We believe, therefore, that if these ports will present their ease to congress in a broad-minded but tenacious way, not asking to be given anything, but urging the formulation of a policy which will permit the. de velopments they have begun, without undue bur dens, they will find the national legislature to be willing and ready to co-operate, Bui the goal al ways should be ultimate purchase and complete financial independence for the various companies and corporations which now require some help In their development work. individuals, wish to take part In the campaign, the Red Cross will heartily approve of their doing so. A ST. PETERSBURG WAIL. - Says the St. Petersburg Independent: . "Lard is all right in Its place, but its place Is not a' trunk that is sent as baggage on a railroad car. . Yet, there are many persons coming to Florida with lard and other semi-liquid and liqnld foods In their trunks." . , j SXAILS SAFE THERE Partridges and doves- were hunted , in Philadel phia streets. up to 1720, says a history note. This brings to mind the saying yiat snails are not now eaten in "the City of Brotherly .Love" because Phil adelphians are" not quick enough to catch them Fort Myers Press. ' Florida Press Opinion - GRACEVILLE COTTON MARKET Graceville, one of the best cotton markets in West Florida, is doing a splendid business just now in the fleecy staple. According to. the Graceville News, there have been approximately 3,000 bales of cot ton ginned and sold in that thriving little town. The season opened August 7th, when the -first A .fSM Soffar Manufacturing Indastry bale was ginned, later having been sold at auction "Within two years from this date there will be at forty, cents per. pound. - Since that time the ,located 60 near Iiai feat it can and will be called nrlce has fluctuated, at one time faUinr as low-a Miami Institution, a great sugar manufacturing as 25 cents, but It stayed at that level only a industry. i Tirfe fhl.'Mnnni. . I, ? ' . m . I , . short while, and since striking the high grade, has! "i"x" ivr lue Vl -uu nn- cllmbed steadily, until it has now reached 39H. j he souhera " Prtion e state can readily , be All of the cotton sold in Graceville is not grown ! Around this first well-financed plant , . . .. , .. . , ;'- i will grow others and still others until thr lower end in that Immediate section, but comes from Del?- - 0. . , , , . " . , , , . J ,r of the state of Florida will be the greatest sugar wood, Neals Landing, Marianna, Cypress and Kynea-' ,,. e., . , . , . , , .i,I7 r. J producing section of the country. -It will eventually ville, in Jackson county; Altha, Carr ... and even ' , . a , ... . 4 , . , , - . , jral Cuba in this one great industry. Blountetown, in Calhoun county; Chjpley, CaryvUle . 3n yesterday mornings HeraKf there was a cir and other points in Washington- county, and even cumstantial account of the formation of a corpora from Youngstown, Miilville, and other Bay county )tion which has secured a large tract of land within places, some a distance -of seventy-five miles, ac- ' fifteen miles of this city, which the company pro cording to the Graceville News. I poses to plant in" sugar cane. It also proposes to Noma- and Bonifay farmers ginned and sold quite erect a sugar 'manufacturing plant, taking its raw a lot of cotton in Graceville, while Do tham, Black, material from the land3 which the corporation has Hartford. Slocomb and Geneva were marketf across acquired. The plans are all completed, the company the Alabama line, passed up by farmers to take ad- i3 financed and all that remains to be done Is to put vantage of Graceville, where buyers have always 1,16 Plans into practical operation. This will take made it a rule to give the very top of the market time, -of -course, but within two years the factory or for all products, making the little town tlvi ideal factories will be completed, the sugar cane, yet to be planted, will be matured and operations will cer- place for the sale of cotton and other staples. A CHRISTMAS OFFERING tainly begin. Ther standing of the men composing the cor poration and their financial ability are an assur ance that nothing will prevent the carrying out -of the plans, which mean so much to this state. In a few days men and .women of Pensacola, ..In terested in the Home for the Aged, soon to be es tablished here, will ask a free-will Chrstmas offer-j This great project will carry other things in Its ing, that the home may be built and properly Tnain- train, all of which will contribute to the prosperity tained. It is the hope of those who are bending of MIaml anrJ this portion of Florida. Necessarily, their energies to that end, that tire Woman's Home, ,thls industry will bring new families into the city so long a part of Pensacola's community life, may and into the county. It will give employment. !n be broadened in its scope, that a new building may season, lo a large number -of men. Those who be erected, far more commodious and comfortable come from other-states will necessarily have to have than that which is now. In use. and that the home homes, and many new residences in Miami, as well may be built to include both sexes, in order that as at tne scene of operations, will be a result of the husband and wife may not be separated, in their establishment of this great industry, declining years. Incidentally, but very important, too, will be the No charity could possibly be of more vital" con- fact lnat the establishment of a sugar ' mill will cern, than that which lends itself to the care of the bring additions to the herds of cattle raised In the aged those who, after a long life, having reached a COunty. There will be by-products from the factory time when strength is gone, energy depleted and on whlch cattlc may be fed witQ great profltf and there is not power left to battle against circum- m order to make this by-product of value, large stances, must rest, their case on public benefaction. numbers of cattle will be Imported and fed here. There is none among us who has not some dear This alone, would'be a great thing for the county. one who is facing towards the west. At this Christ- Mjnarai Herald mas season, when love and good-will shine forth j - from happy faces, and ring out in Yuletide songs, Surprise Pulled orf ' there must be few who will fail to, respond to an , appeal for those whose need of care and love and The removal of the sheriff and solicitor of Es material things Is great, and yet whose wants. afer cambia county b the governor is a little hard m all, are so little compared with what" we throw understand. People who are acquainted, with both away with so prodigal a hand, at this season of of the8e otticers tell us they are competent and pienty j capable. It strikes us that the situation in Pen- The'llome'for the Aged should be built on a sacola- wh,ch 18 admittedly bad, is no worse than cornerstone of faith cemented with civic pride and miht be expected in any other town where whls illuminatcd with the light of love; it should be key has been sold for the past three hundred years, roomy enough and comfortable enough for a real and we fail to see how the removal of these two home and it should be the pride of every Pensa-, officers, and the substitution of two new ones, "loss colian to make it so. j familiar with the situation than those who have the 'Christmas offering for the Home should be.! been removed, is going to improve matters. If and will be, a generous one, for those for whom lf removal of these officers was a political play. ia mtPmiPrt have (riven much, and the return that then it was about as big a "surprise" as any the shall be made to them should be such as will reflect'' governor has yet pulled off. .u - 4, r-h-ie cojrt. ''inasmuch asf Reports as to the removal of ye have done it unto the least of these, ye have done. Hicting. the report being denied from Tallahassee. llliO aj. TTjuiuus, Ui illC J1U1UXC3 UUUUIJT ilUVCl the Bheriff are con- it unto Me." tiser, and other parties . at Bonifay, clajm 'that the TIIF CIIRISTM4S SEALS i prospective ssucce&sor oi air. van rcu nas Deen xen- i ; , . , .. , . , .'dered the 'appointment and has taken steps looking The National Tuberculosis association is about to . . . , . . it . . " . . f begin its campaign for the sale of Red Cross Christ- i mas seals. In view of this campaign and the mis understanding that may arise in the minds ' of the public, it is necessary that a clear definition of the Red Cross position should be made. It is - already evident that such misunderstanding does exist. People In the country see in 'tire newspapers and in advertising the name: of . the Red Cross associated with this campaign, and they inevitably jump to the conclusion that the Red Cross has no sooner con cluded one campaign than it is inaugurating another. This is not the case. ,." ; The National Tuberculosis association has'for some years been carrying on this sale of Red Cross Christ-; mas -seals with the consent of the American Red Cross. When the question came up for considera tion this year, the Red Cross felt that it was for the advantage of both organizations that the right to carry on the campaign this year should not be de nied. It is clear that the American Red Cross is vitally interested In 'the success of the National Tuberculosis' association. It is the strongest or ganization of its kind in" the country, and its work has been of inestimable benefit in the efforts toward a solution of a very, serious' health situation. That being the case, the American Red Cross is eager that the National Tuberculosis association shall be ; suf ficiently financed, and as a consequence approves of this campaign and hopes sincerely for its suc cess. On the other , hand it should be made perfectly clear that . the Red Cross Is . not officially conduct ing this campaign, either nationally , or through its .chapters. It Is not in any sense a joint enter prise in so far as conduct of the campaign goes. It Breeze, ia a. Mninntm financed and ODerated solelv Tiv thn ' into broad rivers of capital, where great power can J National Tuberculosis association, and chapters are be developed. The South does not have to speculate j not officially to lend ' their organizations to irie la New York. By rg0TiatlES its funds it can spec-j conduct cf this .campaign. If chapter members, as" than ever. Milton Gazelle. Who s WIio and Why ? From newspaper - accounts of the present centen nial mixup, it seems that it will be necessary " to call the commission together again to have them straighten out the question of "who is who and why."- As matters were left by the last session, of- the commission on the site of who should hold the centennial and which resulted in a split four ways has since become very unpopular, Tampa; or Miami do not seem to. be interested in the matter: and Jacksonville has not made the efforts that Pensa cola has to procure the right to hold the centen nial ia their city. Pensacola, according to legal pro cedures -of some time past, has paved the way to finance the project and seemingly has the best end of the argument in holding it. Pensacola is going" after the centennial in the big way and will no doubt secure it. DeFuniak Breeze. '- ' Editor Reed Is Getting Pessimistic And now after all the hell-o-bu-loo and Inciden tally we might leave off the last three syllables, that has been aroused about deporting undesirable aliens it develops that this country has but little or no authority to deport-, these trouble makers. As a result -they are being- held on Ellis. Island,; fed, clothed and cleaned up,, for a time, and then re leased, on bond, 'to go out and continue their dirty work of trying to overthrow this government. Not only are they not being really punisffed, but they are learning that this great nation, which talks eo much, is 'apparently unable to punish them, so we mayexpcct them to become even more aggressive TALLAHASSEE 1 Tallahassee, Dec. 5. "Circus Day" in Tallahassee on Monday brought a huge crowd , of nearby visitors into the city, and in connection witrrthe same event, many parties of young people attend ed. Mr. and Mrs. Culley are receiving the congratulations of their friends upon the arrival of a little son born on Tuesday. The little man will re ceive - the name Walter Joheph, for his father and paternal grandfather. Rev. and Mrs. R, G. Newsome were tendered a surprise party by the mem bers of the First Presbyterian church on last Wednesday evening, immediate ly after the prayer meeting service. Each of the guests .brought a surprise package, and opening of the packages proved great fun for all present. The dance of the fall season was tendered by the young men of the city last Friday evening to the young ladies and their visitors. About twen ty couples enjoyed the dancing. The music was furnished by Jennison's Moultrie orchestra. Among those pres ent were: Miss Kathryn Reese, Miss Lucile Reese, Miss Mary Jane Lawson, Miss Marjorie Hall, Miss Bessie Mil ton of Marlanna, Miss Lucile Grider, Miss Eunice DeVane, Miss Russ of Marlanna, Miss Staples, Mr. H. T. Keith, Mr. George Martin. Mr. J. A. Peel, Mr. J. A. Grant, Mr. W. A. Bass, Mr. Bradley Bass,' Mr. J. W. Collins Jr., Mr. W. K. Collins. Mr. H. M. John son, Mr. H. D. VanBrunt and Messrs. Monroe, Budd, Burghart, Cox and Love of Quincy. Mr. and Mrs. Jack Mc Farlin of Quincy, Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Parramore, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Guerry, Mr. and Mrs. V. I. Hancock and Mr. and -Mrs. David Brandon of Thomas ville. - MISS BLACK IN RECITAL. - Miss Mabel DeCamp Black.- Instruc tor in voice at the State College for Women gave an interesting and enjoy able recital at the college auditorium on Thursday evening. Miss Black who has been a co-teacher with Samuel Rl cardjO Gaines, composer in Columbus, Ohio, and who is a graduate under Dr. Ferry Lulek at the Cincinnati Con servatory of Music is possessed of a beautiful voice and made a most ex cellent impression .upon her hearers. She was assisted by Miss Gertrude Isidor, violinist. The usual weekly. lecture of the history v. department --at the State Col lege for Women was delivered ' on Thursday afternoon, the lecturer on this occasion being the Rev.. S. V. Lawler, whose subject was "Some Evils of the War and their Effects." A large audience gave Mr. Lawler an attentive hearing, and pronounced his address both helpful and inspiring. In the celebration of their tin wed ding anniversary, Mr. and Mrs. Thorn, as A. Yon entertained at a six course dinner at their home on College-av. last Monday evening. ; Covers were laid for ten and the dining table was most attractively set, being spread with cluny mats .and centered with a basket hoding large white, chrysanthemums and sprays of ferns. ; For. place cards hand .'painted cards with small tin spoons .attached were used.. The house was tastefully decocted with white - chrysanthemums and. plu mosa ferns, while the color scheme of. green and white was carried out in detail. -v. ;,. ; - After the dinner, Mr. and Mrs. Yon were showered with air manner of use ful tin gifts. Those-present were: Mr. and Mrs.- Carl Mitchell, Mr. and Mrs. Milton .Smith, Mrs. . I D. "Yon, Mr. Harry Mullikin. Mr. J. Will-Yon and little Isabelle Yon. '- . Judge E. - C. Love of Quincy, judge of the circuit court of the ' second judicial circuit pent Jiie week in Tal lahassee presiding over ; the f aq term of the circuit court" for Leon county. Senator and Mrs. Park -Trammell ar rived in Tallahassee on Tuesday. Mrs. Trammell 'is spending several da vs in the city with Mrs. George Talbot Whit field, while Senator Trammell left Wednesday for-a short visit to Pensa cola..- - , , -. , - . .. ; .. ' Mrs. F. R. S. Phillips has returned from Jacksonville where she had charge of the Leon county exhibit at the state fair. ( Hon. Xathan P. Bryan of Jackson ville, spent Tuesday in (the city on business before the supreme court. Dr. R. C. Turner of Hattisburg, Miss issippi, arrived in the city this week to accept a position as assistant state -eterinarian with the state live stock sanitary Doara. ur. xurner is aewm panled by his wife and son and has proceeded to Orlando, where he will have his headquarters. ; Mrs. John S. Winthrop spent Thanks giving in Jacksonville, the guest of her daughter, Mrs. James H. Randolph. Dr. J. W, DeMilly left Wednesday for Orlando, where he went on busi ness for the state live stock sanitary board. Hon.. John E. Hartridge of Jack sonville spent Tuesday in the city on business before the supreme court. Sheriff Angus Morrison of Craw fordville spent Wednesday in the city on business before the circuit court. Mrs. John Manly and son, of Bos ton, Georgia, - are the guests of Mrs. W. A. McRae over the week end. Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Wight and fami ly of Cairo, Georgia, spent Thanks giving in the city, the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Winthrop. Mr. O. O. McCollum of Jacksonville spent Tuesday in the city on business before the supreme court. S. May Walker has returned "from a short visit to Jacksonville. Miss Lillian Walker of Los Angeles, California, who has been the guest of Dr. and Mrs. H. E. Palmer, left last week for New York City. Dr. Fred Speer and wife arrived in the city this week by motor from Ohio. Dr. Speer has accepted a position as assistant veterinarian with the state live stock sanitary board and will be stationed at Gainesville, to which point he has proceeded. ' Robert L. Anderson of Orala camp up Tuesday to appear, before the su- j preme court. ' George Parker of Thomasville is spending the week end with his daugh ter, Mrs. W. A. McRae. John IT. Bird, a prominent attorney of Clearwater, spent Wednesday in the city on business before the su preme court. Hon. B. J. Hamrick of Montlcello spent Thursday in the city in attend, ance on the circuit court. John Manly of Boston, Georgia, wi'J arrive 'in the city on Sunday, to te the guest of Mr. and Mrs. W. A. McRae. HEALTH BOARD OF STATE BUSY WITH COMING OF TOURISTS, SUPERVISION OF BATHING POOLS IS TIGHTENING. Jacksonville. Dec. 7. With the !n influx into Florida of thousands f f visitors from all parts of the United States, the sanitary engineering de partment of the state board of h?aUh is tightening up "its supervision over the swimming poos throughout x'm slate. ' Under a law passed by the last leg islature, the sta.te board of health U given full power to regulate the snai tary conditions of swimming porls, the law covering the water in tin pools, bathing suits and pharaphernal: and bath houses. No pool or bathing place where suits are rented can l?e operated in the state without a r"' mit from the state board of health, this permit being revokable at any time. George W. "imona, Jr., chief sani tary engineer of the state board oi health, is chairman of the nitionrd committee on swimming pool sanita tion of the American public hea!th as sociation. Mr. Simons has made a comprehensive study of swimming pool sanitation during the last year and is determined that the Florid i pools shall be the best, from a sani tary standpoint, of any in the Unite.l States. With the exception of Cal:- fornla, Florida Is the only state in tht union with a law regulating swimi ming pool sanitation. -afeit--irt sflgf (Clip and past this in your scrap book). Copyright 1919, New Era Feature. . -";' 1914 r " ... Austrians drive Russians out of ar tillery range of Cracow. Germans at tack At Yser river; advance at St. Eloi near Ypres repulsed by Allied counterattack; German staff forced to abandon Roulers on account of .shell ing. President Wilson in message to congress declares we will not turn America. Into a military camp; opposes agitation for disproportionate national defense. 3 German cruisers sunk by British: Vlce-Admiral Sturdee's squad ron sinks the "Scharnhorst," "Gneises. nau" and 'Xeipslg'V off Falkland Is lands; clears sea of German raiding fleet. ' ; :.v; . -r 1915 Washington sends Austria sharp note on "Ancona sinking; demands disavowal, punishment of captain, and assurances for future. Anglo-French forces withdraw from Krtvolak salient. President Wilson's cabinet In confer ence takes steps to suppress plotters against neutrality. 1916 Greeks make warlike preparations; Kaiser congratulates King Constantine for victory over the Entente in Athens; British denounce him. Germans gI Immense food supplies in Rumania; large wheat supplies will relievs threatened shortage. Berlin report 18,000 more Rumanians captured fce tween mountains and the Danube. v 1917 American destroyer, Jacob Jonc sunk by submarine in North Atlantic; 69 officers and men are lost; vessej torpedoed 500 miles-at sea and weal to bottom quickly. Italians withdrs farther on Aslago Plateau; Au3txo Germans aiming thrust at Valstagns between Mounts- Tondarecar and Bacl enecche. Trotzky, Bolshevist ForeigS Minister, demands statement of Allied war aims; gives them a week to accep. or reject armistice plans; rumor a' new government will repudiate all Rus sian foreign loans. 1918 Fighting in Berlin, alarmed Germani in Coblenz and Cologne call American! and British to keep order. Presided Poincaire makes General Petain Marshall of France in ceremony a' Metz. 1919 Americans are buylar Red Croei Christmas seals."