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v - - - . -. - ... , ?5.s2Ss . Seals December 1-10. With the Proceeds a Great Work Is to De Carried On .-, FLORIDA WEATHER Local rain Saturday: colder Saturday night; Sunday fair and colder; fresh southeast shifting to strong north winds. joo VOL. XXII NO. 231. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 13, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS RICTION ORDER i WWW III rfH 7f J 7 ED LIFTED BTRICTIONS GO OFF SUNDAY s Much Conservation of Coal as Possible, However, Is Urged by Committee. VOST OF MINERS AT WORK Work of Dr. Garfield, Resigned, to Be Transferred to Rail Administration. Atlanta. Tcc. 12 Immediate suspen n of all restrictions on the use of oa! and reinstatement beginning at siclnight Sunday night of all trains iken off because of the coal shortage xcept where such reinstatement in-5-feres with the movement of .'coal,' ,-ere announced tonight by the south ern regional coal committee on author -;:j from Washington. Bunkering of ?hi;s will also be resumed, preference beisg given first to inland water ves sls then, coastwise, then ships fly ng the American flag in overseas service, finally to foreign vessels. At the same time the committee urges as much conservation of coal i possible as the shortage is not made Washington, Dec. 12 As a result of :r. Garfield's resignation the work of se fuel administration probably will . transferred to the railroad administ ration, it was said tonight. The fuel Sministration received an unofficial siimate today that sixty-five to seven-,-five per cent of the miners returned work. Prices charged by coal operators ice thft government fpnfrax-t was Ve- tored because of the strike being scrutinized by officials of the railroad Aministratlou, will probably be sub mitted to the department of justice. Officials said bills are higher in manv instances than set by tne gov- rrmient and investigation will be xade to determine if justified -by ex- ing contracts in all cases. .... . Washington, Dec. 12 "We are sorry hat Dr. Garfield feels as he does he's one a fine job," said Secretary Turn- The view at the White House is that r. Garfield was not ignored in the set- emerit of the strike. Dr. Garfield s ends say he does not hold the view irtt he was; that his position is the ivernment should not have been put : the attitude of having surrendered the miners. lt developed today that there was a erence of opinion as to 'whetner i president's statement to the public a the coal strike should have been lade public last Saturday night before -was carried to Indianapolis. The president, White House officials lid, directed that the statement be public Saturday. Dr. Garfield -sierstood this would be done and ftr.day he told Secretary Tumulty he sieved the statement should be given immediately. The president's sec tary disagreed and it was said as- aed the responsibility." " - - - The mine union officials were said 'have told Attorney General Palmer 1 Mr. Tumulty publication ' of " "the Kir.ent before the Indianapolis con a?e would embarrass them in their -wts to have the miners- accept the ;aent s proposal. The miners re was made after Dr. Garfield had the conference, officials explained ; the White House, it was said Dr. Wie-M's Setter of resignation wasnot abi?. it Was assumed he would a it public. AMERICAN ACE HEARD BY HOUSE gton, Dec' 12 At a hearing & which five American Aces ad 'td iif fore the house subcommittee :cai department to coordinate all ;l ar tivities, Major J. A. Meissner, o-rrningharn, stated that.Lieutenant !t i:osevelt met his death by -I lost in a cloud bank and due to . r'"nce joined a German squad- He was then shot down. This ' niy hi3 second flight as a com- Nothing prices much too high Uoc- 12. The first "Fair C !"SUhI toclay by the Chicago i - p Su!!,"committee of the Illinois i'r:ce" committee show that is ,r!xs-'!lt stocks last women's , ,Ca:i be purchased as low as $23 at 15-25. shoes . $4.95. sf.'iOC's ?5.95, men's suits' and . a S24.50 each. Thpv caM u .stw York stock to be E IN FLOOD AREAS Montgomery Hard Hit; Utility Plants Commandeered , by ' ' City Authorities. MILLIONS DAMAGE DONE Shipping on North Atlantic lias "Been Greatly Crippled byl . Storms Past Two Days, j Montgomery, Dec. 12. Public utility plants not already owned by the city were commandeered this afternoon by the city of Montgomery in order to conserve fuel and power, which is prac tically cut off by the flooded Alabama river. The city was without water all day due to the crippled condition of the . Montgomery Light and Water Power Company's plant, but tonight power to pump water was supplied; by the Montgomery Traction Company. A bursting steam pipe at the gas plant due to floods made it necessary to close the gas mains tonight, but it is hoped to renew the gas supply to morrow. An effort will be made to morrow to resume street car service, although all power available will be devoted first to pumping water, oper ating food storage refrigerator plants, hospitals and other necessary build ings. The river is receding, but it will be forty-eight ; hours possibly before it leaves the industrial district, Macon, Ga., Dec. 12. It is esti mated tonight that Macon's flood los3 will exceed half a .million. The water is receding. Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 12. Cessation of rains for the past two days through- (No.,1 Continued on Pago Two.) IRISH REPUBLIC LEADER HOOTED Representative Mason's Consu lar Agent Bill Creates Furore in House. ! Washington, Dec. 12. Hearing .be fore the house foreign affairs commit tee . on Representative Mason's bil to appropriate funds for diplomatic and consular agents for the "Irish Repub lic" was punctuated With cheers md hoots and charges of pro-Germanism against Irish Republican leaders and some of their adherents in the United States '.threw the meeting into such a furore it could not complete the hear ing today. Committee room and adjoining corri dors were packed and jammed and spectators many times threw' the ses sion into disorder by yelling gratutious advice to the committee and witnesses. The crowd included many leaders of the cause of Irish . freedom in this country. . . ... Supporters of the measure contend ed that it represented an opportunity fofHcongress to do all it could consti tutionally toward full diplomatic rec ognition. Its opponents condemned it as an effort to involve the United States in a dangerous foreign situation, and pointed out that Great Britain with held recognition from the Confederacy even after it held the Union armis at bay four years, while Ireland has no effective army. . MERCURY IN BUTTE DROPS TO 50 BELOW Butte. Montana, Dec. . 12 Tr e last 24 hours has been' the coldest and brought more suffering to Buttl than since 1889, when the official weather records were rirst established hire. The official government thermometer in a sheltered corner on the rook of a bank, registered 28 below today, but other equally reliable records in ex posed places showed 50 below. CHAMPION 'ANGUS DIES OF BURNS Knoxville. Dec 12. Idoemere. the . grand champion bull of the Aberdeen Agnus class at the recent Chicago In- j ternational Livestock Exposition, died of a veterinary hospital here tonight as the result of burns when a box car in which he was being shipped from Chicago caught fire on a swi -;h at Oakdale. He was the property lof Dr. J. I. Hugrins, ' of Dandridge, Tennes see, and was valued at $50,000. 1 : ALEXANDER Wllil; SUCCEED REDFIELD . Washington. Dec. f The senate to day confirmed the nomination of Rep resentative Alexander, Democrat, of (Missouri, to be Secretary of Commerce, I succeeding Redfield, resigned. . . WATER REC DIG GERMAN NOTE CONCILIATORY Modification of Indemnity ' for Sinking of Fleet at Scapa Flow Is Sought Berlin, Dec. 12 Germany's reply to the last note from the supreme council of the peace conference has been sent to Versailles. Nothing has been given out relative to its contents aside from a hint that its general tenor recipro cates the conciliatory tone of the la3t communication from the Entente. . Reports state that the reply renews the government's disclaimor of respon sibility for the sinking of interned German warships at Scapa Flow and set forth exceptions to the supreme council's insistence upon compensation for the scuttled Vessels'. ' It is said' to claim that the -objectionable- passage from the letter t from Admiral Von Trotha, head of the German admiralty to Admiral Von Reuter,- commander of the German ships, was not trans lated properly and that it was "out of context with the rest of the letter:" On the. proposition that Germany sign the protocol to the peace treaty and permit the ' issue involving " the selection of indemnity, tonnage . to be adjusted later, it is reported the note proposes that the ' latter be forthwith submitted to a body of . experts- . This stand is taken because of the impor tance of the matter -to German harbor facilities.- It is hoped to obtain a,, con cession of the Scapa Flow issue and "it is believed the note indicates a meas ure of obstinacy over yielding on this point. Reports declare there are no inti mations in the German rely that the Berlin government has taken a. posi tion that failure to ratify the treaty by the United States has created an al tered situation, and, it is. hinted, it. is said, that treaty action by the United States Senate is a purely internal American affair that, does . not. absolve the other powers from the obligation of exchanging ratifications. Belief is expressed here that the re ply attempts to temporize in an effort to obtain a modificatfon of the 'demand for indemnity for vessels sunk at Scapa Flow. It is said also the reply seeks to persuade the Entente that demands for the extradition of German officers and men accused of violations of the law of war are fraught with ser ious international aspects. STORES ALLOWED BE OPEN LONGER Washington, Dec 1. Retail stores will be permitted to open nine hours on Saturday, to accommodate the heavy Christmas buying, the railroad admin istration announced tonight. CRUSHING THEM OUT ! LAST CHANCE G ET CENTENNIAL Pensacola Boosters Leave " For Jacksonville With. Expec tatio nof Success. Pensacola boosters for the centennial 20 strong left for Jacksonville last; night, accompanying John B. Jones, Pensacola member of the State com mission, to attend the meeting of that body today. It is believed that today's session will be the final one, so far as designation efforts are concerned. After Pensacola is designated, as local work ers believe it will be, the commission will necessarily proceed to work out plans for holding the show.. . .These plans will Include a definition of the scope of the exposition, ways and means for providing the necessary funds, designation of the actual site, surveys, and so on. The exposition will most likely be handled .directly by a local exposition company, under the supervision of the State commission. A general manager, having wide experience in such matters would most probably be engaged, and the entire proposition be handled through him and his staff, and of whom would work under salary. LEAGUE WORKER REACHES CITY Mrs. B. M. Boykin of Temper ance Organization Will Speak in Pensacola Sunday. Jacksonville, Dec 12 Mrs. B. M. Boykin of Atlanta, director of the Woman's department of the - South eastern division of the educational and temperance league will arrive In Pensacola Saturday morning and un der the auspices of the Escambia or ganization of the league will deliver several addresses Sunday; Arrangements for these addresses are in charge of Leroy V. Holsberry, and Sidney J- Braman, district mana-, ger at Pensacola. Mrs. Bopkin is pro minent In Georgia Women'sVlub circles and is a magnetic speaker. She is in teresting herself in this campaign be cause of its wide appeal trom an Americanization standpoint. TOiESCAMBIA IS HUS SHERIFF Van Pelt Denies He Was Ap pointed Sheriff Pro Tern By Whittaker. Technically, .Escambia. County, was without a sheriff yesterday. H. Whit taker who .received, his commission as sheriff of the county did not take oyer the duties , of the office , and left to attend to business in an adjoining county. Sheriff Van Pelt, , who has been removed from office by Governor Catts was at the office at the county jail throughout the day but stated that he was there as J. C. Van Pelt only and not as 'sheriff of the county. Mr. Whittaker will take over the duties of .his. office .this morning,, it is understood and is expected to appoint his deputies immediately thereafter. It was stated last night by legal au thorities that Mr. Whittaker oecanie sheriff upon the receipt of his com mission from the governor and that the duties of the office develved upon him from that moment. When he left the county yesterday without appoint ing a deputy to represent him during his absence it left the county with out a man' to act as a bona fide sheriff. It was stated yesterday that Mr. Whittaker had appointed Sheriff Van Pelt to as as chief deputy denied last absence, but' Mr. Van Pelt de-nled last night that such was the case,. He said that he had. not. been appointed a deputy under Mr. Whittaker nor would he accept such an appoint ment under' any consideration. ' Mr. Van Pelt said that Mr. AVhittaker of fered to appoint him. a deputy for, the day during his absence but he de clined the offer but he told Mr. AVhit taker that he would look after the of fice for him until his return. Speculation is rife as to who will be named as deputies under Sheriff AVhit taker. The names of H. J. Mackey, J. A. Hicks and B. A. Davis have been freely mentioned as possible ap pointees. " EMMA GOLDMAN ABANDONS SUIT New York, Dec. 12 Rather than be separated from Alexander Berkman, her cdmpanion of many years, Emma Goldman announced tonight through her attorney that she had abandoned her . legal fight-in the Supreme court to prevent her deportation. Tt Berk man must go, I and the rest will go with' him." The statement said, re ferring to the courts refusal to halt the Berkman deportation, it character ized tbe government's act, as like that of the "Czar of Russia." PINE FORESTS OF SOUTH DEPLETED Lumbermen and Naval Stores Operators Are Turning At tentions Westward. LABOR MAY BE AFFECTED There Is Question as to Whether Western Forests Will Be As Productive. (By George H.' Manning.) Washington. Dec. 12 The long leaf pine forests of the south are becoming so rapidly depleted by heavy cuttings of timber and destructive methods of turpentining that many turpentine operators who depended on this species for naval stores are now turning their attention to the Western forests as a possible source of such stores when their present stands of timber are no longer productive, the agriculture de partment announced today. Investigations conducted by the agri culture department have shown that methods of turpentining similar to those carried on in Florida and Georgia can be used readily and profitably In the west, it is said. Before the turpentining of trees In the West can be done successfully and profitably, the agriculture department states, it will be necessary to import a large number of skilled laborers from Florida turpentining regions or train a large number of men in the methods used in the south. Some. doubt is expressed by the de partment as to whether the western stands of timber that grow in the high altitudes, where the warm season is short a.nd the flow of resin rfecessarily limited,., will yield enough resin, with out excessive slashing, to make tur pentining -profitable.- - -: . - -- WILSON GIVES UNREST RECIPE 'Fuller Knowledge of American Institutions" Thing Needed Says President. New York, Dec. 12. The cure for social unrest in this country is a "fuller knowledge of American institu- Hons," declares President AVilson in ' an article written for the Current number of The Independent. . "Men today are blessed with a new curiosity about their governments," says the president. "Everywhere they "are demanding that the doors behind i which secret policies have been incu- ; bated be thrown open and kept open j henceforth. The doors that do not re spond to the keys the people hold will be battered down and- -free passage ways erected in their stead. "Autocratic governments of the past have lived' by concealment: free gov ernment must live by understanding. In the new- day that- is dawning only those governments that have no se crets from their peoples can long en dure. I do not say that such a gov ernment will make no mistakes but I do say mistakes will be fewer and more easily corrected when all governments are guided by well 1 informed public opinion. Unrest is evident everywhere throughout the world. It is not of it self a disease, but a. symptom .of dis ease. In our own country the disease j lies principally "outside the govern ment. Those who think otherwise are mostly the newcomers and men they have influenced. The cure for their disquiet is a fuller knowledge of Amer ican institutions. In this nation the people have in their ballots the. instru ments of peaceful change." HOUSE APPROVES EXPENDITURES Washington, . Dec. 12 Expenditures of more than $2,000,000 at army camps, and aviation fields in the southern states were approved tentatively today by the house which is considering a bill making the funds available for the war department to complete its military projects throughout the country. None of the items carried in the bill for the southern camps were rejected. Among the land purchases approved tenta tively was Chapman field in Florida, at $71,500. FARM PRODUCTS SET HIGH RECORD Washington, Dec. 12 Record prices and bountiful production sent the value of farm crops harvested to an unpre cedented total of $14,090,740,000, ex ceeding the value of last years crop by almost a billion and a half were shown by the final estimates today in the department of agriculture. - DREDGE CAUCUS IS RETURNING United States Engineers la Push Work at Pensacola to Maintain Efficiency. TO REMOVE SMALL SHOAL Chief of Engineers Praises Har bor and Entrance and Says Government Needs It. Major W. A. Johnson, engineer corps U. S. A, has notified Mrs. A. R. Beck, secretary of the Chamber of Com merce, that the U. S. dredge, Caucus, sailed from Norfolk, December 8, for St. Andrew's Bay where it will be en gaged for 2 -12 to 3 months in clear ing and deepening the channel. Fol lowing this work, the dredge will pro ceed to Pensacola to remain on duty until a small shoaling place to one side of the secondary channel is cleared. In his letter. Major Johnson says there Is plenty of water at Pensacola and the shoaling place in no way inter fereswith navigation, except for such ships as proceed out of the main chan nel. He believes, however, in the value of Pensacola harbor and says the gov ernment realizes its strategic and ec onomic value and will take ewry means to maintain it. There is, however, he says, one shoaling place which will be removed. In the meantime he has asked the lighthouse service to place a buoy on the shoal so as to prevent all inter ference. Major Johnson says he is going to give Pensacola harbor his personal attention because It is such an ex cellent one. President Blocker of the Chamber of Commerce had taken the dredge matter up with the engineering corps, as veil as with the. two senators, and Congressman Smithwick. He Is high ly pleased that the work Is to be done so soon. The Rotary and Kiwanis clubs also, some weeks ago. addressed resolutions to the senators and to the congressman from this district. Congressman Smith wick was to have spoken to the Ki wanis club when he was in Pensacola during the recent recess, but was un able to reach the city in time, for the luncheon. He discussed the dredge proposition with members of the club, however, and assured them it would receive personal attention. ATMORE GARAGE MAN IS KILLED Ralph Clark, a garage man of At more, died late yesterday afternoon as the result of injuries sustained, when his automobile overturned near that place shortly after three o'clock. Mr. Clark, with a traveling man from Georgia was returning to Atmore from a trip and were evidently driving at a lively rate of speed when the car struck a slick place on the road and skidded into a ditch overturning as it went over, pinning Clark underneath. The stranger with him was painfully injured but not seriously, according to reports reaching Pensacola. JESS WILLARD A PROFITEER? Kansas City, Dec. 12 A federal war rant charging profiteering In the sale of cordwood was issued today against Jess Willard. the former heavyweight champion. He is to appear in court tomorrow. PARDON BOARD DEFERS ACTION Tallahassee, Dec. 12 The pardoning board was still in session today. Among the cases presented were that of J. L. Hollingsworth, convicted of embezzle ment in Hillsborough county and that of John L. Branch, convicted of a sim ilar offense in the same county. It is said that it will be several days before any action will be taken on the cases now presented. PHILLIPS APPOINTED IN WASHINGTON COUNTY Tallahassee, Dec 12 Governor Catts today made the following appointments William F. Phillips of Chipley to be probation officer for Washington county for a term of four years; W. H. Roat of Apalachicola, to be county surveyor of Franklin county; C. Law son Smith of Crawfordville to be pro bation officer of Wakulla county for a term of four years; John H. Baisden of Kissimmee, to be county commiss ioner for. the fifth district of Osceola county to succeed B. H. Guy, resigned : A. J. Sweat to be sheriff of Baker county to succeed I M. DyaL resigned ; W. C. Lightfoot of Bradentown to be supervisor of registration for Man atee county to succeed Henry P. Curry, resigned.