Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXII NO. 239
PENSACOLA, FLORIDA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 22, 1919. PRICE FIVE CENTS FAMOUS .PLANE IS N IG HT SPENT 0 N K OWNERS BALK AT PLAN Question Still Open as to Wheth er President's Commission ; May Function. NOT BOUND TO ACCEPT Operators Claim Plan WTould Take From Them Power to Fix Wages and Prices! Washington, Dec 21. The coal op fntrs of the United States through heir executive committee, explained urthor tonight their reasons for re fine; to participate in the goyern- a?nt's plan for settling the soft coal Renewing their ' denial that previous moments bound them to accept the overnmont s plan, the operators as srtcd that while they were bound by Jic strike settlement proposals of forr :r Fuel Administrator Garfield, the avernment proposals as accepted by -.be miners differed vitally. , They said hey never heard of them until after :sty were presented to miners in In i:ir.aiolis. , It was pointed out that the SrfieM plan would establish a board rth merely advisory powers while the run miners -accepted would involve a ward with powers to raise wages and prices o coal. .." . ; . Insistence of'operators left open to jight it was held the question -whether be commission the president named Saturday will be able to function. The executive committee did not say. how tver, that operators would stand aloof from the commission in its investiga tions and devision. -.Indianapolis. Dec. 21. Miners feel thryTnirie'trciUe.l fairly by the corn mission the president appointed Sat urday to investigate the coal situation, Ellis Searles, editor of the Mme wore ers' Journal, declared tonight. POSTAL CLERKS 11TEND HEARING All Branches of Postof f ice Ser vice to Have Chance to Present Salary Claims (By GEORGE H. MANNING.) ? Washington, Dec. 21. Employees In ail branches of the postal service in r,ori,la, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina will be given a hear ts on the readjustment and re classification of salaries by the joint congressional commission On postal salaries sitting at the Piedmont hotel, Atlanta, on Saturday,. January : 3, it announced today, 0 - , This commission was appointed un der authority of the last annual post- office appropriation bill to take tes timony of postal employees of all branches of the service and recom mend, readjustments and re-classifi-''on of salaries. The readjustments of course, result in Increased salaries all along the line, to meet ie generally recognized need for in cases to meet the greatly increased cost of hvir.jr. , : :, The membership of the commission, imposed of the leading members of 'ie senate and house postoffice com mittees, is as follows: Senators Bank ae3, Alabama: McKellar. Tennessee. and Gay 0f Louisiana, democrats; Ster- ampshire. republicans; Congressmen -uWn. Tennessee; Rase, Kentucky. Bell, Georgia, and democrats; Steen oa Minnesota, and Madden, Illinois, Leaving; Atlanta .Tanuarv 4 th Cc'fflin:5sion will go to New Orleans hold hparlnin oV Va. (Imn.U I O V LilU UUC OIU t61, Cmnlovepq : from Trfu!s!a-na -y , . . - ,,' 'swsippi, and such employees II Alaijama and Tmas net -nrffT f-S there to Atlanta or St. Louis. 1a tO be hparH tn nnfifv i" of the commission at "Wash At prevlous hearings forty or have appeared.to testify, but only could be heard and , the others ked to file statements of their Jj0ST LAWMAKERS homeward bound , '-s'imgton, Dec. 21. Negotiations Negotiations compromise on - the peace and conferences On railroad lee- s"r? 'romise to be the only activi- . the few mcmhprs nf: MnirrAsa -;"e,here during .the holiday re- rr, ,'"a ocgan last night. It is ." ro have rov compromise . m.-nt ready sooa after congress UNDESIRABLES ARE DEPORTED Cargo of Anarchists 'Leave on ' Army Transport Under Sealed Orders. DESTINATION CONCEALED 1 ' Berkman, Goldman and 249 Other Passengers Believed - Bound to North" Sea. New York, Dec. 21. The U. S; army transport Buford, the ark of the soviet, sailed before dawn today with a cargo of anarchists, ; communists and radi-' cals, banned - from America, for con spiring against the government. The ship's destination is hidden, in sealed orders, but the' 243 passengers v it carried are expected to be landed at some, far northern port giving access to soviet , Russia. Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman are ' the most prominent radicals aboard. New York, Dec. 21. "Long live revolution in America,"' was chanted defiantly bythe motley crowd as the Buford passed the statue fo Liberty. "The government signed its death warrant in the deportations, said Miss Goldman, one of the three women aboard. She said,, she would organize a society in Russia to carry on the propaganda in the United States. One woman sobbed as she left. -. When informed last night of departure this morning, the male anarchists or ganized a soviet and anarchist com mune of America and elected Berk 'I man grand commissary. They all obeyed all his orders proinpy in get ting ready to leave. He declared He wifs going ' among friends and was happy, He-- said he expected to" co operate with Lenlne and Trotsky in ruling Russia. All were well supplied with funds and clothes. Berkman said the cash would average two-thousand dollars each. : Immigration officials furnished warm clothes , to all who : hadn't supplies themselves. ' A , great many more are expected to be deported, as the de- apartment of justice has carded index or 60,000 raiicals. ,v - ' Th deportation of Emma Goldman and her devoted companion, Alexander Berkman, ends a joint career of thirty years in the United States, during which they preached the overthrow of the government y violence. He spent sixteen years and she three years In jail, but they were. never punished for the part their teachings played In at tacks by others on life " and property. Berkman served fourteen years for shooting Henry Clay Frick" and two years for urging young men to abstain from registering for the draft early in the war. Miss Goldman was in prison two years for opposing conscrip tion and one year for inciting to riot. Berkman was never, brought to trial on indictmehtfor murder in connection with the preparedness day bomb outrage in San Francisco. Miss Goldman' was acquitted of illegal dist ribution of birth control literature. Their joint activities as publishers of. the anarchistic magazines, "Mother Earth" and "The Blast," suppressed during the war, combined with their addresses a anarchists meetings, helped cause the assassination of President McKinley, the government charged in its deportation proceedings. The confession of ' Czolgosz described the Influence Miss "Goldman's writings had on him. - .---: Their Influence was traced In the dynamiting of the Los Angeles Times. Matthew Schmidt and David Caplan, now in jail with others for that crime, were "of the Goldman clan," Attorney General Palmer said. They were suspected of receiving money to oppose preparedness by the United States before the United States entered the war. They co-operated with German spies in endeavoring to promote a revolu tion in India during the war. . .. . They were the- pioneer 'radicals in the United States. Now there are 60,000 Reds here and 472 disloyal for eign language newspapers, according to Attorney General Palmer. : ' ; ; , Denounced by judges and other pub lic officials from President Roosevelt down as enemies of the country' seek fj Inc to destrov it m rA&A lrd i women anarchists who greeted tbemM with kisses as "beautiful characters, one hundred years ahead of their times,, they so Increased their follow ing that it, was easy for them to pro vide $15,000 or $25,000 bail in cash or Liberty bonds. Yet fines of $10,000 each for opposing the draft were unpaid. They had no property, they, said. For more than ten years, their de portation had been agitated and at (No. 2 Continued on Page Two.) SHOW i t-Si ' .- . ASSERTS PRICE Wannamaker Believes Mahuf ac c turers Could Pay Dollar a Pound and Make Profit. Columbia, Dec. 21. JV Skottowe Wannamaker, president of the Ameri can . Cotton association, . says, that a proposition has been made confident ially to him by a great financial syndi cate to have . the members of the as sociation pool their holdings of raw cotton for. the purpose of raising, if possible 2,000,000 bales, same tov be paid for by the. syndicate at present market ' prices, . the members of the association so pooling to be guaranteed against any loss -in case of a decline and to be paid one-half of advance in price any day: the parties selling the cotton desire to make final settlement between this date and August 1. : Mr.. Wannamaker saj's the offertwas declined "because ' the association is opposed to any combine or even any apparent combine that would even seem in the slightest degree to indi cate that approved of or wished to profit by profiteering or any apparent violation of the anti-trust laws. They will gladly abide by the law of supply and demand, holding their cotton, until this law is submitted to operation. "We refused this offer, first, be cause prevailing prices are faf below a just price based ' upon supply and demand and the 'price of the manufac tured product. Second, ' because the holders can finance their own cotton and receive the great advance in price which is "certain due to-the fact that we are facing a. world famine in raw cotton. The market is already enor mously ?. oversold. Third, because 'the demand f or American cotton will be at least 15,000,000 bales, and, even if the government estimate of 11,000,000 bales which every indication shows is 500, 000 "bales too high, should prove correct still - there1 is a tremendous shortage. "Under these conditions I urge the members of i the association to - hold their spot cotton-.f In addition to this, as October, cotton , on me xew iorK contract is iar Deiowmcobiw pro- ucllon i .wge ie:p .iuS COTTON IS LOW out the south to buy the amount of cot ton they would make for October deliv ery Plant their lands in-feed and food crops, which .will prove far more pro fitable and a better business proposi tion. Both our experts and Prof. John A. Todd, the great English expert, on cotton, show an enormous world short age in the supply of raw cotton before the 1920 crop becomes available re gardless of" the enforcement : of ' the ' (No. S Continued on Page Two.l THEM THAT YOU DO GIVE CHILDREN WORTHY GIFTS Appeal of Sub-Tax District Com mittee to Parents Urges Sup J port at School Election The campaign committee of the sub tax school . district organization is urging parents to vote for the sub-tax district with the slogan : "Give your children a Christmas present worth while.' :y :. . . - , Excellent progress is being made to gain support for the movement and it Is believed that the election, which is to be held tomorrowvat the usual-polling places will be successfully carried. Tax-payers generally v are ; reported in favor of . the sub-tax district be cause It is everywhere conceded that Pensacola needs better schools. Pen sacola is the only district In the county without a sub-tax school district and a comparison of the excellent school at Gonzalez, for example, with the Pensacola high school, indicates the imperative need of the ; sub-tax. FROM THE AIR JBACK TO PULPIT "Flying Parson? Announces He Has Quit to Resume Preaching New York, Dec. 21. Lieutenant Bel in ,V. Maynard, winner of the recent trans-continental air race, announced today he had resigned from the army air service to resume his work as a clergyman." 5 He expects to be out of the service by January i. SENATE MILITARY PLANS ANNOUNCED Contemplated Legislation Would Provide Compulsory Training , Washington, . Dec. 21. Legislation amounting to practical reorganization of the army with protection from out side attack as its primary purpose and with compulsory military training of boys eighteen to twenty one was ag reed upon tentatively .by the senate military sub-eommittee, Senator Wads wOrth : said tonight. The agreement provides for a standing army of. 280, 000 with .the national guard a part of - the reserve. The plan ' is to " be worked out. later. - DUE DES TEACHERS WILL PAY LOW FARE Senator Fletcher Arranges With Railroad Administration For Convention 'Rate (By George H. Manning.) Washington, D. C, Dec. 21. Hun dreds of teachers in Florida and their friends will be pleased to learn that through the efforts of Senator Duncan U. Fletcher, the United States rail road administration has agreed to au thorize a reduced fare of onend one third the one way rate for the round trip from .- their homes to attend the Teachers convention to be held at Bradentown, Florida, from Dec. 30 to January 3, inclusive. . J. W. Craig, chairman of the south ern ' passenger traffic committee, At lanta, advised Senator Fletcher today that tickets to Brandentown will be sold at the regular one way fare on any -date between December 26 and 31, inclusive, and provided as many as 250 persons "attend the convention, holding certificates from agents show ing payment of full fare on the going trip, return railroad tickets will - be sold them at . one-third the regular rate up to January 5. Senator Fletcher has forwarded this ; information to H. J. Dame, Inverness, chairman of the executive committee of, the teachers association in order to have the necessary publicity given to it among the teachers, and insure a large attendance at the convention. Senator Fletcher was chairman of the board of public instruction of Duval county from 1900 to 1906, inclusive, and has always taken a great pride in all matters affecting the interests of the teachers. TRAIN HITS AUTO FIVE ARE KILLED Accident Occurred Near Jack sonville Yesterday After ' noon. Jacksonville, Dec. 21. An automo bile containing a party of young peo ple going -to the woods for Christmas holly was cut in two by an Atlantic Coast Line passenger strain near here this afternoon and five persons killed. The dead - are, Mrs. W, B. Talley, wife of a prominent architect. Herbert Simmons, fourteen, Ralph McMillan, thirteen, James Selby, twelve. Roberta Cravey, twelve, Sarah Talley. twelve was. badly hurt and -may not live. TO - ER.T POLITICS BOH IN WASHINGTON President Wilson Expected to Announce Intentions Before Democratic Meeting WOOD BOOM DISTURBING Republican Bosses Fail to Kill General's Popularity and . Are Growing Nervous Washington, Dec. 21. Before the smoke clears i away from the booming of the big political guns at the meet ing of the democratic national com mittee here on January 8th it will be known whether President Wilson will be a candidate for a third term or who the next democratic presidential stand ard bearer will be. The republican national committee met here last week without taking at:y steps to indicate who their president ial nominee .will be. The republican selected Chicago, June 8th, as the place and time for holding their nominating convention. Instead of trying to. pick the presidential nominee the republican national committee devoted the better part of its time and effort to trying to squelch the boom for General Leon ard Wood. None of the numerous other candidates gained any headway and It was not noticeable that the en thusiasm for General Wood at the gathering was lessened by thej efforts of the "bosses" to kill it. - v The meeting of the democratic nati onal committee here on January 8th will sink into, insignificance in political Importance in comparison with the Jackson day d Inner to be held at the Shoreham- hotel here that night. This banquet for which 800 covers are to be laid will really be a rally for the democrats. All the apparent demo cratic presidential candidates will be on" hand to make speeches. Requests v nave oeen maae ior iar murp viia.ii me 800 places at this dinner. So pressing have been the requests for admission that seats around the hall are to be arranged for 500 enthusiastic demo crats who want tp hear the speeches although they cannot hold the knives and forks. President Wilson will attend the Jackson day banquet if he Is suffici ently recovered in health by that time and will make a speech. The marked improvement in the president during the. past ten days would make it appear that he will attend.. The speech he will likely de liver will indicate whether he wishes a' third term, it is believed. If the presi dent is unable to attend he will send an address to be read to the assembled democrats, it is expected. Should the president make it clear that he will not again be a candidate he will not suggest the men to succeed him. it is believed, remembering the fate of for mer candidates brought forward by re tiring presidents. Indication by President Wilson that he will not again be a candidate will open the way for the boom of about a dozen prominent democrats. It Is the rather general belief here that the president will inform the gathering that he will not be a candidate. This will likely crystalize the sen timent for one of the many candidates who have wished for several years that" the presidential .lightning would strike them. Eight years ago at the Jackson day banquet the democrats gathered in much the same way they are expected to next month and listened to speeches by Champ Clark, . Woodrow Wilson, William Jennings Bryan and Oscar W. Underwood, from the speeches they delivered it was freely predicted when the banquet was over that Woodrow Wilson would be the. party nominee because he had made the best speech and best impression. This time speeches will be delivered by the president, if he can attend, by William G. McAdoo, Champ Clark, A. Mitchell Palmer. ' Governor Cox and Senator "Pomerene of Ohio, Senator Underwood and probably several other prominent democrats, ' The Jackson day dinner has hereto fore been held each four years under auspices of the democratic organiza tion of the District of Columbia. But this year and hereafter it is to he an annual affair under auspices of the national organization as a party get together no matter if the party is in glory, or despair. - The real business before the demo cratic national committee meeting will be the selection of the convention city and the date. ... Six cities. St. Louis, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Indianapolis, Kansas City and San Francisco are in earnest after the convention, with prospects of being selected In the order named. The republicans last week set June 8th for their convention. It is usual for the democrats to convene about ten days or two weeks later, in order to prevent the republicans get ting out with their nominee and get- (No. 1 Continued on Page 6.) DAY EE NC4 EXPECTED1 THIS HORNING Lieut.-Com. Read and Machine Which Flew Across Atlantic Comes From 'Mobile. j MISSING TWELVE HOURS Landed at Grand Isle, Supposed to Be a Town, But Destroy ed 26 Years Ago. ' The giant navy seaplane, KC-4, in ' command of Lieutenant-Commander Albert C. Read, is expected in Pen- sacola this morning. According to i plans announced some weeks ago by the recruiting service the plane will " spend Christmas In Pensacola and may remain for some weeks thereafter. It has been said that a non-stop flight to Norfolk, to take place early in Jan uary, has been discussed, but the plans have not been announced. Mobile, Dec. 21. The seaplane NC-4 landed safely here this afternoon after having been anchored twelve hours at Grandisle, Louisiana, during a heavy, fog. The plane left Galveston yester-. day for Mobile. . Lieutenant-Commander Read " said he had much trouble with fog, having to seek the surface of the water four times because of mist. The radio was capable of. Only twenty miles when the craft was on the water. He decided to land at Grandisle because it was shown on the map as a town, but it was destroyed by a tidal wave 25 years ago, drowning 300 persons, and the NC-4 found only a fishing -camp and lighthouse Jn which the' officers and crew "spent the night. . ' - 1 1 Coming into the bay this afternoon the NC-4 had 'a narrow escape from collision with the Moss Piont, a launch which apparently misunderstood th signals. The NC-4 leaves tomorrow for Pensacola. , . TRANSPORT MEN HELD IN IRONS Members of Steamship America Charged With Mutiny on Hiffh Seas New York, Dec 2.1. Eleven members of the crew of the transport America, including two petty officers charged with mutiny on the high seas, and other crimes, were taken from the ship in irons when she docked at Hoboken today. Other arrests are expected to be made as the ' transport crew is re ported as having been in almost open rebellion since leaving New York last November on the trip to Europe and return. William Calkins,, ordinary seaman, who is said to have an I. W. W. card and is believed to be a professional agitator is being specially investigated Gambling, thefts of personal prop-, erty, attempts to enter staterooms of two passengers, concealing of pistols which was believed were stolen, and attempts to fight their way ashore at Brest, are charged - against members of the crew which Is made up of civi lians. " Sixty members of the crew were only prevented from going ashore at Brest at the points of pistols. WAR CRIMES OF GERMANS PROBED Paris. Dec. 21. Under Secretary of State for Military Justice Ignace, left for London this morning to take part in making up a list of Germans charged witn war crimes, wnose aenvery to the entente is to be demanded. Con ference will be held in London to de termine on a plan for joint action of Great Britain, France and Belgium. Paris, has a list of five hundred names among which is one of the former kaiser's sons, also those of the former Crown Prince Ruppercht, of Bavaria, and several generals and commanders of prison camps in Germany. In all, the paper says, about i,tK0 persons will be arraigned. The former kaiser's case will be dealt with separ ately from the London conference. HOOVER HAS PLAN TO FEED EUROPE New York, Dec. 2i Approval of a plan by Herbert Hoover to supply food to central Europe on credit by using capital of the United States Grain cor poration was announced tonight Jy Julius II. Barnes, United States wheat director.