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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, December 22, 1919, Image 1

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Question Still Open as to Wheth
er President's Commission ;
May Function.
Operators Claim Plan WTould
Take From Them Power to
Fix Wages and Prices!
Washington, Dec 21. The coal op
fntrs of the United States through
heir executive committee, explained
urthor tonight their reasons for re
fine; to participate in the goyern-
a?nt's plan for settling the soft coal
Renewing their ' denial that previous
moments bound them to accept the
overnmont s plan, the operators as
srtcd that while they were bound by
Jic strike settlement proposals of forr
:r Fuel Administrator Garfield, the
avernment proposals as accepted by
-.be miners differed vitally. , They said
hey never heard of them until after
:sty were presented to miners in In
i:ir.aiolis. , It was pointed out that the
SrfieM plan would establish a board
rth merely advisory powers while the
run miners -accepted would involve a
ward with powers to raise wages and
prices o coal. .." . ; .
Insistence of'operators left open to
jight it was held the question -whether
be commission the president named
Saturday will be able to function. The
executive committee did not say. how
tver, that operators would stand aloof
from the commission in its investiga
tions and devision.
-.Indianapolis. Dec. 21. Miners feel
thryTnirie'trciUe.l fairly by the corn
mission the president appointed Sat
urday to investigate the coal situation,
Ellis Searles, editor of the Mme wore
ers' Journal, declared tonight.
All Branches of Postof f ice Ser
vice to Have Chance to
Present Salary Claims
Washington, Dec. 21. Employees In
ail branches of the postal service in
r,ori,la, Georgia, North Carolina and
South Carolina will be given a hear
ts on the readjustment and re
classification of salaries by the joint
congressional commission On postal
salaries sitting at the Piedmont hotel,
Atlanta, on Saturday,. January : 3, it
announced today, 0 - ,
This commission was appointed un
der authority of the last annual post-
office appropriation bill to take tes
timony of postal employees of all
branches of the service and recom
mend, readjustments and re-classifi-''on
of salaries. The readjustments
of course, result in Increased
salaries all along the line, to meet
ie generally recognized need for in
cases to meet the greatly increased
cost of hvir.jr. , : :,
The membership of the commission,
imposed of the leading members of
'ie senate and house postoffice com
mittees, is as follows: Senators Bank
ae3, Alabama: McKellar. Tennessee.
and Gay 0f Louisiana, democrats; Ster-
ampshire. republicans; Congressmen
-uWn. Tennessee;
Rase, Kentucky.
Bell, Georgia, and
democrats; Steen
oa Minnesota, and Madden, Illinois,
Leaving; Atlanta .Tanuarv 4 th
Cc'fflin:5sion will go to New Orleans
hold hparlnin oV Va. (Imn.U
t61, Cmnlovepq : from Trfu!s!a-na
-y , . . -
,,' 'swsippi, and such employees
II Alaijama and Tmas net -nrffT
f-S there to Atlanta or St. Louis.
1a tO be hparH tn nnfifv
i" of the commission at "Wash
At prevlous hearings forty or
have appeared.to testify, but only
could be heard and , the others
ked to file statements of their
homeward bound
, '-s'imgton, Dec. 21. Negotiations
on - the peace
and conferences On railroad lee-
s"r? 'romise to be the only activi-
. the few mcmhprs nf: MnirrAsa
-;"e,here during .the holiday re-
rr, ,'"a ocgan last night. It is
." ro have rov
. m.-nt ready sooa after congress
Cargo of Anarchists 'Leave on
' Army Transport Under
Sealed Orders.
1 '
Berkman, Goldman and 249
Other Passengers Believed -
Bound to North" Sea.
New York, Dec. 21. The U. S; army
transport Buford, the ark of the soviet,
sailed before dawn today with a cargo
of anarchists, ; communists and radi-'
cals, banned - from America, for con
spiring against the government. The
ship's destination is hidden, in sealed
orders, but the' 243 passengers v it
carried are expected to be landed at
some, far northern port giving access
to soviet , Russia. Alexander Berkman
and Emma Goldman are ' the most
prominent radicals aboard.
New York, Dec. 21. "Long live
revolution in America,"' was chanted
defiantly bythe motley crowd as the
Buford passed the statue fo Liberty.
"The government signed its death
warrant in the deportations, said Miss
Goldman, one of the three women
aboard. She said,, she would organize
a society in Russia to carry on the
propaganda in the United States. One
woman sobbed as she left. -.
When informed last night of departure
this morning, the male anarchists or
ganized a soviet and anarchist com
mune of America and elected Berk 'I
man grand commissary. They all
obeyed all his orders proinpy in get
ting ready to leave. He declared He
wifs going ' among friends and was
happy, He-- said he expected to" co
operate with Lenlne and Trotsky in
ruling Russia. All were well supplied
with funds and clothes. Berkman said
the cash would average two-thousand
dollars each. :
Immigration officials furnished warm
clothes , to all who : hadn't supplies
themselves. ' A , great many more are
expected to be deported, as the de-
apartment of justice has carded index
or 60,000 raiicals. ,v -
' Th deportation of Emma Goldman
and her devoted companion, Alexander
Berkman, ends a joint career of thirty
years in the United States, during
which they preached the overthrow of
the government y violence. He spent
sixteen years and she three years In
jail, but they were. never punished for
the part their teachings played In at
tacks by others on life " and property.
Berkman served fourteen years for
shooting Henry Clay Frick" and two
years for urging young men to abstain
from registering for the draft early in
the war. Miss Goldman was in prison
two years for opposing conscrip
tion and one year for inciting
to riot. Berkman was never, brought
to trial on indictmehtfor murder in
connection with the preparedness day
bomb outrage in San Francisco. Miss
Goldman' was acquitted of illegal dist
ribution of birth control literature.
Their joint activities as publishers
of. the anarchistic magazines, "Mother
Earth" and "The Blast," suppressed
during the war, combined with their
addresses a anarchists meetings,
helped cause the assassination of
President McKinley, the government
charged in its deportation proceedings.
The confession of ' Czolgosz described
the Influence Miss "Goldman's writings
had on him. - .---:
Their Influence was traced In the
dynamiting of the Los Angeles Times.
Matthew Schmidt and David Caplan,
now in jail with others for that crime,
were "of the Goldman clan," Attorney
General Palmer said.
They were suspected of receiving
money to oppose preparedness by the
United States before the United States
entered the war.
They co-operated with German spies
in endeavoring to promote a revolu
tion in India during the war. . ..
. They were the- pioneer 'radicals in
the United States. Now there are
60,000 Reds here and 472 disloyal for
eign language newspapers, according
to Attorney General Palmer. : ' ; ; ,
Denounced by judges and other pub
lic officials from President Roosevelt
down as enemies of the country' seek fj
Inc to destrov it m rA&A lrd i
women anarchists who greeted tbemM
with kisses as "beautiful characters,
one hundred years ahead of their
times,, they so Increased their follow
ing that it, was easy for them to pro
vide $15,000 or $25,000 bail in cash or
Liberty bonds. Yet fines of $10,000 each
for opposing the draft were unpaid.
They had no property, they, said.
For more than ten years, their de
portation had been agitated and at
(No. 2 Continued on Page Two.)
i t-Si ' .- .
Wannamaker Believes Mahuf ac
c turers Could Pay Dollar a
Pound and Make Profit.
Columbia, Dec. 21. JV Skottowe
Wannamaker, president of the Ameri
can . Cotton association, . says, that a
proposition has been made confident
ially to him by a great financial syndi
cate to have . the members of the as
sociation pool their holdings of raw
cotton for. the purpose of raising, if
possible 2,000,000 bales, same tov be
paid for by the. syndicate at present
market ' prices, . the members of the
association so pooling to be guaranteed
against any loss -in case of a decline
and to be paid one-half of advance in
price any day: the parties selling the
cotton desire to make final settlement
between this date and August 1. :
Mr.. Wannamaker saj's the offertwas
declined "because ' the association is
opposed to any combine or even any
apparent combine that would even
seem in the slightest degree to indi
cate that approved of or wished to
profit by profiteering or any apparent
violation of the anti-trust laws. They
will gladly abide by the law of supply
and demand, holding their cotton, until
this law is submitted to operation.
"We refused this offer, first, be
cause prevailing prices are faf below
a just price based ' upon supply and
demand and the 'price of the manufac
tured product. Second, ' because the
holders can finance their own cotton
and receive the great advance in price
which is "certain due to-the fact that
we are facing a. world famine in raw
cotton. The market is already enor
mously ?. oversold. Third, because 'the
demand f or American cotton will be at
least 15,000,000 bales, and, even if the
government estimate of 11,000,000 bales
which every indication shows is 500,
000 "bales too high, should prove correct
still - there1 is a tremendous shortage.
"Under these conditions I urge the
members of i the association to - hold
their spot cotton-.f In addition to this,
as October, cotton , on me xew iorK
contract is iar Deiowmcobiw pro-
ucllon i .wge ie:p .iuS
out the south to buy the amount of cot
ton they would make for October deliv
ery Plant their lands in-feed and food
crops, which .will prove far more pro
fitable and a better business proposi
tion. Both our experts and Prof. John
A. Todd, the great English expert, on
cotton, show an enormous world short
age in the supply of raw cotton before
the 1920 crop becomes available re
gardless of" the enforcement : of ' the
' (No. S Continued on Page Two.l
Appeal of Sub-Tax District Com
mittee to Parents Urges Sup
J port at School Election
The campaign committee of the sub
tax school . district organization is
urging parents to vote for the sub-tax
district with the slogan : "Give your
children a Christmas present worth
while.' :y :. . . -
, Excellent progress is being made to
gain support for the movement and it
Is believed that the election, which is
to be held tomorrowvat the usual-polling
places will be successfully carried.
Tax-payers generally v are ; reported
in favor of . the sub-tax district be
cause It is everywhere conceded that
Pensacola needs better schools. Pen
sacola is the only district In the county
without a sub-tax school district and
a comparison of the excellent school
at Gonzalez, for example, with the
Pensacola high school, indicates the
imperative need of the ; sub-tax.
"Flying Parson? Announces He
Has Quit to Resume
New York, Dec. 21. Lieutenant Bel
in ,V. Maynard, winner of the recent
trans-continental air race, announced
today he had resigned from the army
air service to resume his work as a
clergyman." 5 He expects to be out of
the service by January i.
Contemplated Legislation Would
Provide Compulsory
Training ,
Washington, . Dec. 21. Legislation
amounting to practical reorganization
of the army with protection from out
side attack as its primary purpose and
with compulsory military training of
boys eighteen to twenty one was ag
reed upon tentatively .by the senate
military sub-eommittee, Senator Wads
wOrth : said tonight. The agreement
provides for a standing army of. 280,
000 with .the national guard a part
of - the reserve. The plan ' is to " be
worked out. later. -
Senator Fletcher Arranges With
Railroad Administration
For Convention 'Rate
(By George H. Manning.)
Washington, D. C, Dec. 21. Hun
dreds of teachers in Florida and their
friends will be pleased to learn that
through the efforts of Senator Duncan
U. Fletcher, the United States rail
road administration has agreed to au
thorize a reduced fare of onend one
third the one way rate for the round
trip from .- their homes to attend the
Teachers convention to be held at
Bradentown, Florida, from Dec. 30 to
January 3, inclusive. .
J. W. Craig, chairman of the south
ern ' passenger traffic committee, At
lanta, advised Senator Fletcher today
that tickets to Brandentown will be
sold at the regular one way fare on
any -date between December 26 and
31, inclusive, and provided as many
as 250 persons "attend the convention,
holding certificates from agents show
ing payment of full fare on the going
trip, return railroad tickets will - be
sold them at . one-third the regular
rate up to January 5.
Senator Fletcher has forwarded this
; information to H. J. Dame, Inverness,
chairman of the executive committee
of, the teachers association in order to
have the necessary publicity given to
it among the teachers, and insure a
large attendance at the convention.
Senator Fletcher was chairman of the
board of public instruction of Duval
county from 1900 to 1906, inclusive,
and has always taken a great pride in
all matters affecting the interests of
the teachers.
Accident Occurred Near Jack
sonville Yesterday After
' noon.
Jacksonville, Dec. 21. An automo
bile containing a party of young peo
ple going -to the woods for Christmas
holly was cut in two by an Atlantic
Coast Line passenger strain near here
this afternoon and five persons killed.
The dead - are, Mrs. W, B. Talley,
wife of a prominent architect. Herbert
Simmons, fourteen, Ralph McMillan,
thirteen, James Selby, twelve. Roberta
Cravey, twelve, Sarah Talley. twelve
was. badly hurt and -may not live.
TO -
President Wilson Expected to
Announce Intentions Before
Democratic Meeting
Republican Bosses Fail to Kill
General's Popularity and
. Are Growing Nervous
Washington, Dec. 21. Before the
smoke clears i away from the booming
of the big political guns at the meet
ing of the democratic national com
mittee here on January 8th it will be
known whether President Wilson will
be a candidate for a third term or who
the next democratic presidential stand
ard bearer will be.
The republican national committee
met here last week without taking at:y
steps to indicate who their president
ial nominee .will be. The republican
selected Chicago, June 8th, as the place
and time for holding their nominating
convention. Instead of trying to. pick
the presidential nominee the republican
national committee devoted the better
part of its time and effort to trying
to squelch the boom for General Leon
ard Wood. None of the numerous
other candidates gained any headway
and It was not noticeable that the en
thusiasm for General Wood at the
gathering was lessened by thej efforts
of the "bosses" to kill it. - v
The meeting of the democratic nati
onal committee here on January 8th
will sink into, insignificance in political
Importance in comparison with the
Jackson day d Inner to be held at the
Shoreham- hotel here that night. This
banquet for which 800 covers are to
be laid will really be a rally for the
democrats. All the apparent demo
cratic presidential candidates will be
on" hand to make speeches. Requests
v nave oeen maae ior iar murp viia.ii me
800 places at this dinner. So pressing
have been the requests for admission
that seats around the hall are to be
arranged for 500 enthusiastic demo
crats who want tp hear the speeches
although they cannot hold the knives
and forks.
President Wilson will attend the
Jackson day banquet if he Is suffici
ently recovered in health by that time
and will make a speech.
The marked improvement in the
president during the. past ten days
would make it appear that he will
attend.. The speech he will likely de
liver will indicate whether he wishes
a' third term, it is believed. If the presi
dent is unable to attend he will send
an address to be read to the assembled
democrats, it is expected. Should the
president make it clear that he will
not again be a candidate he will not
suggest the men to succeed him. it is
believed, remembering the fate of for
mer candidates brought forward by re
tiring presidents.
Indication by President Wilson that
he will not again be a candidate will
open the way for the boom of about
a dozen prominent democrats. It Is
the rather general belief here that the
president will inform the gathering
that he will not be a candidate.
This will likely crystalize the sen
timent for one of the many candidates
who have wished for several years
that" the presidential .lightning would
strike them.
Eight years ago at the Jackson day
banquet the democrats gathered in
much the same way they are expected
to next month and listened to speeches
by Champ Clark, . Woodrow Wilson,
William Jennings Bryan and Oscar W.
Underwood, from the speeches they
delivered it was freely predicted when
the banquet was over that Woodrow
Wilson would be the. party nominee
because he had made the best speech
and best impression.
This time speeches will be delivered
by the president, if he can attend, by
William G. McAdoo, Champ Clark, A.
Mitchell Palmer. ' Governor Cox and
Senator "Pomerene of Ohio, Senator
Underwood and probably several other
prominent democrats, '
The Jackson day dinner has hereto
fore been held each four years under
auspices of the democratic organiza
tion of the District of Columbia. But
this year and hereafter it is to he an
annual affair under auspices of the
national organization as a party get
together no matter if the party is in
glory, or despair. -
The real business before the demo
cratic national committee meeting will
be the selection of the convention city
and the date. ... Six cities. St. Louis,
Cleveland, Cincinnati, Indianapolis,
Kansas City and San Francisco are in
earnest after the convention, with
prospects of being selected In the order
named. The republicans last week set
June 8th for their convention. It is
usual for the democrats to convene
about ten days or two weeks later, in
order to prevent the republicans get
ting out with their nominee and get-
(No. 1 Continued on Page 6.)
Lieut.-Com. Read and Machine
Which Flew Across Atlantic
Comes From 'Mobile. j
Landed at Grand Isle, Supposed
to Be a Town, But Destroy
ed 26 Years Ago. '
The giant navy seaplane, KC-4, in '
command of Lieutenant-Commander
Albert C. Read, is expected in Pen-
sacola this morning. According to i
plans announced some weeks ago by
the recruiting service the plane will "
spend Christmas In Pensacola and may
remain for some weeks thereafter. It
has been said that a non-stop flight
to Norfolk, to take place early in Jan
uary, has been discussed, but the plans
have not been announced.
Mobile, Dec. 21. The seaplane NC-4
landed safely here this afternoon after
having been anchored twelve hours at
Grandisle, Louisiana, during a heavy,
fog. The plane left Galveston yester-.
day for Mobile.
. Lieutenant-Commander Read " said
he had much trouble with fog, having
to seek the surface of the water four
times because of mist. The radio was
capable of. Only twenty miles when the
craft was on the water. He decided to
land at Grandisle because it was
shown on the map as a town, but it
was destroyed by a tidal wave 25
years ago, drowning 300 persons, and
the NC-4 found only a fishing -camp
and lighthouse Jn which the' officers
and crew "spent the night. . ' - 1 1
Coming into the bay this afternoon
the NC-4 had 'a narrow escape from
collision with the Moss Piont, a launch
which apparently misunderstood th
signals. The NC-4 leaves tomorrow
for Pensacola. , .
Members of Steamship America
Charged With Mutiny on
Hiffh Seas
New York, Dec 2.1. Eleven members
of the crew of the transport America,
including two petty officers charged
with mutiny on the high seas, and
other crimes, were taken from the ship
in irons when she docked at Hoboken
today. Other arrests are expected to
be made as the ' transport crew is re
ported as having been in almost open
rebellion since leaving New York last
November on the trip to Europe and
William Calkins,, ordinary seaman,
who is said to have an I. W. W. card
and is believed to be a professional
agitator is being specially investigated
Gambling, thefts of personal prop-,
erty, attempts to enter staterooms of
two passengers, concealing of pistols
which was believed were stolen, and
attempts to fight their way ashore at
Brest, are charged - against members
of the crew which Is made up of civi
lians. "
Sixty members of the crew were
only prevented from going ashore at
Brest at the points of pistols.
Paris. Dec. 21. Under Secretary of
State for Military Justice Ignace, left
for London this morning to take part
in making up a list of Germans charged
witn war crimes, wnose aenvery to
the entente is to be demanded. Con
ference will be held in London to de
termine on a plan for joint action of
Great Britain, France and Belgium.
Paris, has a list of five hundred names
among which is one of the former
kaiser's sons, also those of the former
Crown Prince Ruppercht, of Bavaria,
and several generals and commanders
of prison camps in Germany.
In all, the paper says, about i,tK0
persons will be arraigned. The former
kaiser's case will be dealt with separ
ately from the London conference.
New York, Dec. 2i Approval of a
plan by Herbert Hoover to supply food
to central Europe on credit by using
capital of the United States Grain cor
poration was announced tonight Jy
Julius II. Barnes, United States wheat

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