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PENS A COLA JOURNAL, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 5, 1920 .
FOUR THE DAIL WEEKLY . SUNDAY. Journal Publishing Company IX5I3 K. MATES, President and General Manager. HOWARD LEE MAYES, Secretary and Treasurer. Conducted from 18a9 to 1915 Under the Editorship ana Management of Col. Frank L. Mayes. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS Audit Bureau of Circulation. American Newspaper Publishers Assoc'aMon Florida Press Association Southern Newspaper Publishers' Association TO ADVERTISERS In case of errors or omissions In legal or other adver tisements the publisher does not hold himself liable for danage further than the amount received by Mm for Bach advertisements. NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC. Any erroneous reflection upon the character, stand ing or reputation pf any person, firm or corporation hlch may appear In the columns of The. JOURNAL will be gladly corrected upon It being brought to the attention of the publisher SUBSCRIPTION RATES One Week, Dally and Sunday One Month, Dally and Sunday .15 .63 Three Months, Daily ana Sunday 195 Six Months, Daily and Sunday 3-S9 One Tear, Dally and Sunday Sunday Only, One Tear The Weekly Journal, One Tar 1,50 All subscriptions are payable In advance. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper ind also to local new published. Entered as second class matter at (the postofflce In Pensacola. Fla.. under Act of Congress. March S. 1879. Advertising Rates Furnished on Application JOURNAL PUBLISHING COMPANY Pensacola. Florida. Washington Bureau: Geo. H. Manning, Manager Washington. D. C. Represented In the General Advertising Field by CONE, LORENZEN & WOODMAN. New York. Chicago. Detroit. Kansas City. Atlanta UUS1N3CSS OFFICE, EDITORIAL DEPT. PHQNFS sf3 PHONES Advertising Mgr. 4S Managing- Editor 38 Pres. and Mgr. 1500 Society Editor 38 Office: Journal Bldg.. Cor. lntendencla and DeLuna. Su. THE CHARGE OF THE LIGHT BRIGADE. . (With t.pologics to the One Hundred and the late Lord Tennyson.) Half a League! Half a League! Half a League onward! Into the enemy's camp, rode the One Hundred! "Forward the Light Brigade! Charge the Whole Bunch." we said; On to the capital, On, on to Jacksonville. Rode the One Hundred. "Forward the Light Brigade!" Was there a man dis mayed? Not though the others knew Someone had blun dered ; Thcir's not to hurt the guy; Their's hut to reason Why? Thcir's hut to do or die I Into the enemy camp Rode the One Hundred! Speakers to Right of them! Speakers to Left of them! Speakers in front of them, Volleyed and thundered! Jeered at with many a yell, Boldly they spake, and well, Into th'e mouth of hell Went the One Hundred! Flashed all their keen wits there, Flashed, as they met hot air, Piercing the speakers there, While the state wondered; Plunged in the battle smoke, Straight through the lines they broke, Tampa and Jacksonville reeled from the sabre stroke, Shattered and sundered! Then they came back to us, (Not quite One Hundred.) Speakers to right of them, Speakers to left of then:, Speakers 'behind them, Volleyed and thundered! Stormed at with shot and shell, While Tampa's glory fell; They, thc.t had fought so well, Came back from Jacksonville; Back from the mouth of hell, All th; t was left of them; Left of One Hundred. ' When can their glory fade? Oh the wild charge they made! (Some of us wondered.) Honor the charge they made Honor the Light Brigade Noble One Hundred! Sims Is still simsering. That navy squabble is making us sea-sick. A game fisherman Is not always a game hunter. One comfort is that sooner, or later, we won't need any more coal- 4 The race is on but it will be a long time before we can pre-fix. a "w" to that "on." Don't fo-gct the centennial meeting this evening at the city hall. Everybody is Invited. A movie pirate and a commercial pirate have much in comman they look as bad as thej are. Entering a protest is usually easier than getting it through the House. But then entering- a house often easur than making a -getaway. Hoover is looming up on the horizon until it be gins to look as if he is going to shut out the Sun light and carry The World before him. Wc are a Tar Heel ourselves, and we always did believe that Secretary Daniels was more than a "paper official," but now we know that he is the real goods and has the real goods, to boot, on st.me of those who ought to be loyal to their country, bul too.buy playing politics, , THE FIGHT FOR FREIGHT RATES. At the joint meeting of the Chamber of Commerce, the Rotary and the Kiwants Clubs, Dr. Louis deM. Blocker urged upon the business men present the im portance of paying Pensacola's proportion of the ex penses of the work which has been inaugurated by the Mississippi Valley Association, to secure and maintain parity of freight rates for the South-Atlantic and Gulf coast. There is absolutely no movement before the people today of greater importance than this. Through political chicanery and favoritism in Washington, twenty-two states find their prosperity imperiled through an arbitrary system of rate-making, and are informed that the small amount of relief they have been able to obtain, they may not be allowed to re tain. At a recent conference held in Washington, representatives of the Mississippi Valley Association, speaking for th people of twenty-two states and parts of four others, not counting the South Atlantic States, comprising more than half the population of the union and 53 per cent of its voting strength, is sued their ultimatum to the effect that they are going to ship goods to foreign countries through the ports that serve them best. Of this the Manufacturers' Record says: v "There was no bluff in this ultimatum. It was not an hysteric outburst. It was simply the state ment of a calm, deliberate decision, reached after months and even years of consideration. If. there fore the Interstate Commerce Commission now has the authority or is likely to re-establish the artifi cial differential enjoyed by New York, Congress will, as Congress ought, provide against the possibility of such a result by the inclusion in the impending rail road bill of a proper inhibitory provision, to be ef fective not in the case of southern ports only, but also of any .ports similarly threatened by the intri cacies of rate-making." On the floor of the House, Senator Randall recent ly said: "The idea of freight being compelled to pay the same from Pensacola. Mobile or Nevy Orleans to Havana, is so unfair that the spirit of American fair play will never, never consent to it, when it is once called to the attention of the American people." Says the Record: "From New York to Havana the distance is 1186 miles- From Charleston, 646'miles, 45 per cent less; from Mooile to Havana, 553 miles; 53 per cent less, 53.4 per cent less, s But exactly the same ocean rates prevail between New York and Havana as between either Charleston or Mobile and Havana. "From New York to Vera, Cruz the distance is 2070 miles ; from Charleston to Vera Cruz the distance is 1455 miles, or 29.7 per cent nearer, From New Or leans to Vera Cruz is 789 miles, almost 61 per cent nearer than New York. But the ocean rates are the same. That is why New York ha sbecome a congest ed funnel." Continuing its argument, The Record says: "Doubt less Mr. Willard and the trunk lines for which he speaks are not responsible in any way for this ab surd rate-making which has enabled them to haul for shipment at New York great quantities of goods for Cuba and elsewhere that could have been sent by Southern ports at a savings of hundreds of miles of carriage, but is it not remarkable that these trunk lines, the recipients indirectly of so indefensible a rate-making scheme, should have the hardihood to come into court and complain against export rates via Southern ports which are not discriminatory in any way, but merely eliminate discrimination against them which. formerly existed? Nor is it true that there is an inequality of over land haul which argues against the rates given to the Southern porfs. From Chicago to New York by the Pennsylvania lines is 91o miles; to New Orleans it is 929 miles by" the Illinois Central, while the slight dif-witfl forein craft." He states that Great Britain is ference is more than made up by the greater ease of sellin its government ships at 125 a ton. Our ship handling in New Orleans. One route from Chicago to 1 pins board is wanting $200 and $225 per ton. Mr. Savanah is 1004 miles. But from Chicago to Boston ; Munson declares that $100 per ton should be the is 1137 miles. Yet Boston takes the same import and i fiffure' 50 that sma11 operators can get into the field export rates as New York. Is it discrimination in fa vor of Savannah tQ give it a rate equal to that of Boston for the shorter haul? The truth is that the allocation of ships- to South ern ports and the granting of fair rates, combined with- the earnest desire of the 'Midwest to use the most economical and natural routes of shipment threatens to bring about the very thing which the nation ought most emphatically to desire a distri bution of its foreign trade through a number of ports. This does not threaten the financial integrity of the Eastern trunk lines, which will continue to have more busiaess through New York than they can properly handle. Mr. Willard on behalf of the trunk lines serving the North Atlantic ports, "has'served notice that the Interstate Commerce Commission, upon the return of the railroads to their owners, wilt be asked to can cel the recent export rates granted to the Gulf and South Atlantic ports; which means to establish the j discriminatory rates which heretofore have com- pelled the outgoing traffic of the country to move through a funnel, of which New York is the small end. it The technique of rate making is a study by itself. Certain discriminations, long practised and and ten aciously adhered to, have been acquiesced in for so many years that the attempt to restore equity and fairness very naturally breeds a sincere antagonism i nthose who have been the recipients of the special favor. Opposition to equality of -opportunity for the Southern ports is not, therefore, unexpected, and it may be pr-j-doned; but the one thing that could not be pardoned or condoned would be the re-enslavement of the Southern ports and of the great Midwest traffic territory by the re-establishment of the in iquitous, ruinous and utterly unjustified discrimina tion which has for years built up New York, at the expense not only of the Southern ports, but likewise of all other ports in the United States. In 1918 the great trunk lines serving the North At lantic port failed to earn their government guar antees in the sum of about $200,000,000; in the same period the lines serving Southern ports earned a sur plus of $12,000,000. So ran the testimony at the hearing before the Railroad Administration in July. There is a reason for this and it is congestion. How monstrous the discrimination against South ern ports has been it would take a volume to relate. For instance, three loaded freight cars leave the South for every one that enters. That is a terrific burden on any section. Roads are not going to send their cars into territory where they got but the one way haul. But so decisive have been the preferential rates in favor of New York that it has been impos sible for experts to move via Southern ports. It was ' ' ? 1 " . pointed out that in order to build up the southbound traffic it would pay the Railroad Administration ir it got only half rates for shipments so moving. "Emp ties" cost money. Russia spent billions in money and millions in lives to obtain a warm-water T)ort. This nation fifty years ago abandoned its warm-water ports. True New m Pardon us but this is Mr. Tennyson's language.) York harbor is not ice-bound, but the roads enter ing New York ofteri are subjected to serious delays by snow and ice. There are no such barriers in the South. In time of loading and discharging cargo there is a saving which would more than equalize any excess mileage haul to the South. The nation's traffic has become too big for one port. It is a physical impossibility to handle all the ships which the government is operating out of the port of New York. The terminal burden has. to be distributed, and there are plenty of ports to which to distribute it. But, as a matter of fact, last July, the figures of the Shipping Board showed that 75.7 per cent of the board's tonnage was allocated to New York. Newport News had 8.7 per cent; the Pacific Coast, 7 per cent, and the . South Atlantic and Gulf ports combined 8.6 per cent." The concessions already made to the South have had a tendency to stimulate southern trade. The fight for parity of freight rates must be .won; but the South must do its part in this fight. And par ticularly the Guf ports, which are more directly concerned than any others, owing to their proximity to the Latin-American countries and the " Panama canal. Pensacola is the nearest large port to the Panama canal, by direct water route, so the importance of the part that Pensacola business men must play in this fight, may hardly be over-estimated. Florida Press Opinion The Right Kind of Subsidy. Some years ago we heard little else but the de mand for a subsidy to American shipowners, so we could have our flag in the ports of the world. Generally speaking, "subsidy" in that day and time figured out to be a- handsome sum of money turned over to a favorite, while the little fellow, or the favorite's competitor, was deprived of any help and left to die. So the word "subsidy" got to be about as much loved by Americans as the word "propaganda" is today. The government is now proposing to do something to help re-establish the American shipping com merce that is, if it ever had any to speak of. It is very anxious to have the ships held and owned by the government go into the hands of those who will develop lines to points away, and will build up a great carrying trade in freight and passengers. It has the way presented to do tb.is. Sell the ships that are to be sold to Americans first, at a price that will make it possible for all to buy. Despite the gen eral belief in Washington that every American is today a walking bank-vault, there are still some very alive and good business men who are not able to pay in millions for ships, who, if given opportunity to pay in thousands, would soon build up lines and develop business that would astonish the govern ment itself. We do not know about the figures mentioned by Frank C. Munson, of the Munson (steamship) Line, but we do know he is on the right track when he tells the senate commerce committee, "shipping board prices on vessels built during and since the war are too high to allow American operators to compete and help build up the merchant marine. He is right. The subsidy needed today for Ameri can merchant marine is ability to buy from the gov ernment,, in preference to all outsiders, ships at a price that will let the little man in. Tampa Tribune. Sixteen-Foot Roads For Florida. The state road department has adopted a wise course in deciding in favor of a sixteen-foot per manent road building instead of the proposed nine foot policy. The Metropolis last .week suggested the advisability of building the new state highways with a width of sixteen feet, believing that this would re sult in greater satisfaction for all concerned, for the present and future. To build nine-foot roads is to ' only buil( inadequate roads and while they serve to ,UelP tne situation some, they prove a constant source of trouble and inconvenience to the traveling nublie. The sixteen-foot road is the least width which should be Permitted on any state constructed highway, and the Metropolis wishes to express its compliments to A 1 1. 1. 1 1 . . the state highway department for taking this broad view of the situation. John E. Gilbert, a member of the commission from Jacksonville deserves credit for assisting in putting the policy of a wide road as ag,irst a narrow rtad over. lacksonviHe Metropolis. Position an Honorary One Only. Tuesday of last week Hon. W. W. Flournoy was tendered fire position of a member of the board of control by Gov. Catts, and Saturday he filed his formal acceptance. Mr. Flournoy is a graduate of the university in the class of 1806, and served on the faculty as commandant of cadets and instructor for three years after that time. He will be a valuable addition to the board which has jurisdiction over all matters connected with the College for Women at Tallahassee,, the University at Gainesville, and the Deaf and Blind School at St. Augustine, and the game board as the state plant board has control of all mat ters relating to the eradication of plant diseases. The position is entirely an honorary one and its du ties require a sacrifice on the part of any one ac cepting the position. DeFuniak Breeze. While most of the counties m West Florida seem to have taken rather an early start with the political game, Walton county seems to be taking it easy and biding her time, which is all nice and proper. But, take it from us, the volcano Is going to commence bejehing political fire and brimstone pretty soon. We have been surprised the past week to learn of the prospective candidacy of at least four men for a certain office for which our goose bone had told us there would be only two candidates. DeFuniak Herald. r-5 ,o if VIEWS OF JOURNAL READERS The Journal is glad to print short communications from read ers on any topic of interest. Letters should be typewritten if possible, and double spaced. Pensacola, Fla., Feb. 4, 1920. In reference to the statement of the president of the Chamber of Commerce that the belt line and municipal docks should not be built because the city was bankrupt. I would like to sug 1 1915. Russians cross Bzura in drive on Warsaw Urge LT. S. , protest to Ger man Sea Order our tacit acceptance of "war zone" theory might imperil our interests. 1916. Artillery preparation presages Ger gest that no project could be carried through that were an obstacle, as ac cording to London Statist, a financial paper, the whole world is bankrupt As they state in an analysis of the cur rency inflation of the world, the face value of the paper currency issued dur ing the war is greater than the value of all the gold and silver produced in the world since the discovery of America. On a gold standard this is certainly a world bankruptcy. Yet we will con tinue to finance projects I suppose. And certainly the municipal docks are( more important to our future growth man attack Page and Wilson's action Spain to represent us diplomatically in Germany Presi dent Wilson visits Secretaries Daniels and Baker to discuss army and navy program. 1918- Liner Tuscama carrying 2,179, U. S. S- LOCAL as a city than any other now contem plated. We will simply be off the map without them. Taxes are hard to pay, yet for that purpose any one with any prid? in their city in a commercial way, ought willing to shoulder the in crease. Now is the time to do really constructive work as a seaport. Respectfully, MINNIE WOLFE RUTHERFORD. K h (Compiled for The Journal by the Weather. Bureau Office) Pensacola, Feb. 0, 1920 Sunrise, 6:37; sunset, 5:2U. Moonrise, 7:12 p. m.; moonset, 7:ii a. m. Next phase of the moon, last quarter, 11th. High tide, 10:30 p. m.; low tide, 8:1-1 a. m. Yesterday's Wc-tflier. TEMPERATURE 7a.m. 12 noon 7p.m. Dry bulb 52 59 5-1 Wet bulb 48 51 48 Highest, 00; lowest. 52: mean, 5G; nor mal, 54. Mean same date last year, 57. Accumulated excess this year to date, 87. Highest of record for February, 78. Lowest of record for February". 7. RAINFALL For 24 hours ending 7 p. m., 0. Total for this month to 7 p. m., 0.02. Normal for February, 449 inches. Accumulated excess this year to THE CONTENTION BETWEEN PRESIDENT WILSON AND UNITED STATES SENATORS The ratification of Article 10 of the League of Nations Treaty by the senate without reservations would have th effect of depriving congress of its constitutional power to decide j when, and' against what nation the United-States shall go to war, and giving it to officers of the league of nations. President Wilson contends that Ar ticle 10 shall ber retained witliout res ervations that alter its meaning. And United States senators contend that it shall not be ratified without such reservations as shall reserve- to con gress its constitutional power to decide when and against what nations the United States shall go to war. It has been suggested that the peo ple shall decide this contention at the polls. But it cannot be legitimately decided in this way. Because- both President Wilson and our 'United States senators have taken an oath to obey the will of the people as expressed in our federal constitu tion. And in this instrument the peo pie have conferred upon congress the power and duty of deciding when and against what nations the United States shall go to war. MRS. JAMES BENNETT. Richmond, Ky., January 30, 1920. SHOES OR NO SHOES IS THE QUESTION Rangoon, Feb. 4. The eternal shoe question has again bobbed up and been finally settled. Ancient usage dictates pagoda visitors be barefoot. Young Burmese "conscientious objectors" in sist, that shoe are far more religious. The British government lias ruled that the trustees of each temple shall de cide 'the shoe matter with respect to the wishes of a majority of their con gregations. 666 has proven it will cure Ma laria, Chills and Fever, Bilious Fever, Colds and LaGrippe. : r J -V1T A-i MM ft (Clip and past this in your scrap book). Copyright 1919, New Era Features. WHAT HAPPENED FEBRUARY 5. troops sunk off Irish coast; 101 !);: are lost Polish army seizef Krylr: Commander of Bolshevist forces Or man plotters sentenced to prison violation of espionage art; 2 are Ani. r ican citizens Lord llhc"d la, Brit:. food controller tells parliament con. mittee that Britain faces food rr in next two months General von II r denburg predicts that he will i e Paris by April Bolshevi'd tid.' separation of church and state in sia; church property confiscated. 1919. Americans repulse BoIsheviUi Vaga front Bremen bombarded a: rebels ousted. on Saloniki lines. 1917. Balfour discuss President -8 date. 0J4. HUMIDITY 7 a, m., 72; 12 noon, 58; 7 p. m., BAROMETER 7 a. m., 3O.03; 7 p. m., 30.0S. WEATHER SIBERIANS FACE INTERNAL WAR Washington ,Feb. S. Another r. lution has broken out in Vladi. -" the Siberian port through v American expeditionary forees arc l ing returned home. Major Ccrif Graves in a mesrage dated F-;n-fi. received today, said the oudaeak purely local and revolutionists in control of the city, that all troops are patrolling streets t l tect citizens to prevent robbery. Secretary Baker said th. f-ut; r will not Interfere with the r;; of American troops. The revolutionists pint form, d reported, declares against civil v. Siberia and for the end of f interferenee in Siberian affairs. One hundred and eleven years ago today, February 0, 1809, Felix Me delssohn, the composer, was born. Find a musician. Answer to yesterday's puzzle: Top side down, at right Itg. L nr.if-3 Si