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DAILY WEEKLY SUNDAY Journal Publishing Compsny LOI3 K. MATES, President and General Manager. HOWARD LEH MATES. Fecretary and Trtasurer. Lomi'icted from to 1913 Under the Editorship and Management of CoL Frank L. Mayes MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS Audit Bureau of Circulation. American Newspaper Publishers Assoc'aIon Florida Press Association Southern Newspaper Publishers Association TO ADVERTISERS In rase of errors or ornis?iona in legal or other adver tisements the publisher does not hold himself liable for damage further than the amount reectred by him for soch advertisements. NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC. Ary erroneous reflection upon the character, stand ing or reputation of any person, firm or corporation rhlch may appear in the columns of The JOURNAL, win be gladly corrected upon It being brought to the attention cf the publisher . 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Cor. Intendencla and, DeLunaSU. LET LS HEED THIS WARNING. (In The Journal, under date cf December 22, A'Ai, the following editorial, written by the late Frank L. Mayes, appeared.) What reason is there for Pensacola? What ex cuse has she for being on the map? The answer is "Pensacola. Bay." Without the great Deep Water Harbor, whose im portance and value was recognized by the early dis coverers and which today is known in maritime circles throughout the world, there would be no reason for Pen-acola's existence. In fact, Pensacola would not exist. What has Pensacola done to take advantage of, and to utilize, this great natural resource? The answr i? nothing. The L. and X- road, the McLaughlin road, the Megfigel road (now the Pensacola, Northern and Gulf; and several other private wharf owners have taken advantage of the Deep Water facilities, but P':nsa:o!a as a city has made absolutely no effort tonialiZ'i the great naturaJ resources which are re sponsible for this city's existence. We boast that we have the greatest harbor on the gulf. It is true: we have. But what does that get us? nothing except by consent of the railroad or a private wharf owner. Wf do not even vise our own waterfront. We al low others to do so, but we deny ourselves the same privilege. We have the possibilities of a great world seaport, and we .-it idly by and permit other less fa vored ports to get the business while we take what comes by chance. The situation can be reversed by the construction of a city-owned wharf and-belt line railroad. The wharf will put Pensacola in a position to in vite steamship lines to enter and do business at this port. It will guarantee facilities which either do not now or which railroad whnrf owners refuse t oallow independent steamship lines to use. It will create business that cannot and will not otherwise corne. The city-owned belt line will put every industry in the city in touch -uith the city-owned wharr and with ether wharves and railroads doing business in the city. It will enable every shipper, manufacturer, wholesaler, and jobber to get to land from the waterfront with his freight and to have ttie benefit f either rail or water rates and service a bene fit that he does not enjoy today, and that cannot lie enjoyed so long as all the terminal facilities, and access thereto, are controlled by private interests- The public wharf and the belt line will enable us to say to steamship owners Come and we will give j ou wharf room for receipt and discharge of cargo, and cennectinn as well with all the industries and railroads in the city. The same facilities will enable us to .say to the manufacturer Come and you shall have raileonneclion with both the steamship lines doing business here and the railroad on whom you are dependent for your trade with the interior. If Prnsaenla decides to build this wharf and the belt line railroad it will mean business and prosperity fo- every business enterprise in the city and to the laboring man it will mean a steady job for the rest of his natural life. What argument can there be against such a proposition? The editorial, written eight years ago by Col. Mayes, one of the most ardent supporters of the mu nicipal dock and belt lin? movement,, went right to the very heart Of the matter. Again and jgain The Journal has recently pointed to the wonderful progress of New Orleans, and the fact that much of th i-jrogress is due to the mu nicipally owned docks and railway of that city, which today ranks second only to New York in com mercial importance. IP-ad the following eommuhi etion which appeared in the Vox Populi eoloumn on the ssrr.o page of The Journal, December 22, ijp. with the editorial by Mr. Mayes: Editor of the Journal: I desire to emphasize some facts brought out by Mr. Porch in his speech Friday night, and by reports of the New Orleans port com mission in regard to the New Orleans public docks and belt railway. First: That these terminals (I include '.his docks anil railway, have taken Iron: the private (including railroad) wharves their practical monopoly, and now handle 8ii jer ccxit of lac business of lac port. would therefore appear to be successful and well admlnlsterd. Second: That they have been the means of attracting new railroads to New Orealsn be cause they offer them the same chanee to do business, by connecting them with the indus tries and giving them access to the water front, that the established road3 enjoy. Third: That they promote the industry and trade of the city itself. Fourth: That they pay. putting by a sur plus after paying expenses, Interest, upkeep, and betterment charges. These are facts from the experience of a sister city. With a much larger trade. It Is true, but also with a correspondingly larger investment, and with hindrances and expenses from which we would be free. It would seem that we can profitably follow their example. G E. DOBSON. In that same issue of The Journal there appeared a news story, in which a letter to Jacksonville peo ple from Senator Duncan U. Fletcher, calls atten tion to the benefits to be derived from municipally owned terminals. In parts, this article says: United States Senator Duncan U. Fletcher has written the editor of the Jacksonville Metropolis, ad vocating the passage of the municipal terminal bond issue. In this communication, Senator Fletcher called attention to the increasing importance of all Gulf and Southern ports, in relation to South and Central American trade. In commenting on this trade he says, "Whether, when it once begins to move along one or more channels or many, it can later be diverted, is another question." At the meeting held by representatives of the Missippi Valley last week in Washington, the decla tion was made that the trade discrimination to which New York and allied interests have subjected this country, in the past, must and will be lifted-Fifty-three per cent of the voting population of the United States has combined to break that embargo. These men represent the great Mississippi Valley, thev are men with large interests in industries and A MESSAGE FR03I NEW ORLEANS. (From The Pensacola Journal, December 21, 1912.) Resume of speech made before the people of Pen sacola, by James W. Porch of New. Orleans, on mu nicipally owned docks, in the municipal and belt line railroad campaign. ' . In the first thundering speech upon a subject or general interest to be made within the white walls of the new Escambia county building, James W. Porch, of New Orleans, last night enthusiastically urged that Pensacola vote the proposed 400,000 for municipal docks and belt line railroad. ,Mr. Porch is a leading member of the New Orleans Progressive Union and ex-president of the New Or leans public belt commission. He is the man who first realized the things which must accrue to his city II it but owned or controlled it3 terminal facili ties. He Is the man who. more than any other, gave time and brains to promote the accomplishment of what he realized. He has studied conditions , in the North and the South alike and he impressed all those in the audience that he knew what he was talking about. For an hour and) a half last night he stood before a deeply attentive and possibly hypercritical audi ence and expounded the best doctrines of progres sivism. - Incidentally, he hammered at the ultra-conservatism of the South; pounded at the bugaboo of rail road "pull" and politics; battered the theory that Pensacola will some day amount to a great deal without terminal facilities under its own control and then kicked the cat of "natural growth" outdoors. The reat thing that Pensacola needs now, he showed, is municipally owned and controlled docks end a belt line. The ?400,000 proposed si plenty, he said, for the time and will put up large and substan tial docks and provide all the trackage needed to af ford access. Pensacola is a seaport, he said, and no theoretical opposition should stand in. the way of action favor able to the improvement on December 30, as once the docks and belt ajre secured the few seeming difficul ties will naturally disappear. INC. FEBRUARY 6. l'JZO THE GREAT ASV1ERIIGAM HOME they can do business more economically with South and Central America, and with the Orient, through the Panama canal, by shipping vio Southern ports. This means that the grasp that certain interests in New- York, and certain railroads, have had, and which has throttled the trade of the South, has been broken. BUT AT THIS MEETING IT WAS STATED THAT THE BUSINESS WOULD BE SHIPPED THROUGH THOSE PORTS WHICH HAD THE FACILITIES? Has Pensacola these facilities? It has not. It has facilities enough for the Louisville and Nashville. It has facilities enough for the Pensacola. Gulf and Northern. He said: "Public ownership of terminal facilities . placed under proper control is the one thinr vitallv manufactures, the products from which are shipped ; essential to the future of Pensacola and the develop to the nations of the earth. These men realize that ent of you rmagnificent harbor a harbor absolute ly the best In many respects that I have ever visited. "The seaport that does not control these things is now handicapped at the start, and after what New Orleans has shown and what Los Angeles has shown may be done, I will no longer have sympathy nor will any other student of conditions for the seaport which will not push forward and take ad vantage of its chance. "In New Orleans, since the city has owned its ter minals, our industrial prestige has grown one thou sand per cent. It Is all due to the fact that we have the terminal facilities, taken out of politics. "Pensacola is a seaport, but it's not on the map " f . - - - a A MOVIE. LET'S GET STARTED 1 t& eight ocuoci mo SOO Kf40I-WUAV A JAM THERE ALWAYS iS CN4 STEEP AFTHC TOO Cifc-T JHfc-Kti- lJ 1 II and I tell you now. in all sinceritv. tha tit unn-t be on the map in five years or ten vears or tivpntv It has facilities enough for some pr vate interests. ,.ear5 unjesg you make your 54QO guard it in the best possible way and forget all the bits of theor ythat you may have that there is any other way to develop." But it has not such facilities as will induce the large volume of trade to come to Pea3icola, for which this port is reaching out. New Orleans has that trade today. Mobile has much of it. Pensacola would have had mu'.h of t, hul the warning sounded by the late Frank L. Mayes, and other men of his calibre, been heeded. New Orleans hos gone forward within the last M I - - ! -Beimg traei f -7&7te MOVIES- The Times-Union is kicking about paying two bits for a pound of sugar. The T.-U. ought to know by this time that kicking does not get us anywhere. eight years, until its story seads like a business ro-! V, l 3 " iZ . "1"1"U1' mance-and it has gone forward WITH INTERESTS fl "SerS..m the Kmted State?' Eluding : iue uiwuiaie cweeiies, wouiu go witnout sugar for three days, maybe we could get rid of the sugar jinx. Commenting on the fact that it is said that repub licans are no longer republicans, nor democrats, democrats. The St. Petersburg Times declares that the "next thing we know we will find that we are not men, but monkeys." No wonder, with all the monkey shines that have been going on for an aeon or so. in away They WHICH HAVE PROMOTED IT, and not in spite of interests which have retarded it. Pensacola has gone forward during the past five years, IX SPITE OF INTERESTS WHICH HAVE RE TARDED PROGRESS. What that progress might have been, under different conditions, cannot be- es timated. But the past is dead It is useless to cry out re criminations and to remind one another of what might have been. What we need today is to act. To take warning from the past. To take hope in the splendid constructive, co-operative spirit generated here, and which has been able to overcome a few ob structionists. Pensacola today leads any port in Florida, with the exception of Key West, in exports. And we brag about it. But there was a time when Pensacola led the South. Pensacola was the first port to make lumber shipments to other countries. There was a day when the bay was filled with foreign vessels, loading and unloading here, the year round. j That day will return to us, if we force it but not unless we do. The boast that cargoes shipped! throucrh this nnrf m.ito I:",",.::, '--r Anjnsia Chronicle Praises Pensacola Decision i.. i uiKMiii.i4ii..ti, js iruj. out it aoe3 not get us After all. this Back To The Farm talk, now they tell us that the city child has five chances to that of the country child, when it comes to reaching ma turity. Maybe, however, it is because some men would rather be dead than live on a farm of course we do not refer to Florida farms. Florida Press Opinion aujwnere unless we get the trade. And we will not get the trade a3 long as this port is throttled. Talk about the condition of the city's finances is idle at this time. What has that to do with the sale of the bonds? Those bonds have already been voted. If we need more, let us put it up to the peo -Pie and vote more, and place those bonds on the market for sale. We need those docks ejnd we need other public improvements, such as good roads. It is idle to say that we are not able to pay for them. We are. ' One argument which has been brought against the saie of the bonds is tha the shipbuilding plant has recently discharged a number of employes. But the shipbuilding plant is more stable today than it has ever been, it is natural to suppose that the plant, wrrch has already completed two-thirds of it3 gov ernment contract, decs not need the same number of employes. , One million dollars has just been put Into the plant, and that means that it is here for good. Now wha two want to do is to ge busy with out public improvements as speedily as possible, and keep labor employed at good wages in Pensacola- The mu nicipal docks will help us to do this. Are we going to let this movement 'be blocked? Or aiv ve going ahead and grasp the bisgfst oppor tunity that Pensacola has ever had presented it? The Tampa Tribune boasts of the by-prodUct of preserves made of grade fruit orange, kumquat ,not considered quite up to the standard of th wiety shipped to mvket. Fro mwhat the Tribune soys, it might wel! be put on the. market as a buy-product. The Pensacola business axtd professional men have met and adopted resolutions "pledging themselves to acceptance of jury duty" unless they have an excuse entirely legitimate to offer. This means one of the most important duties of citizenship is to be shirked no longer by mean of intelligence, experience and Capability. That the business men, the professional men the very best type of citi zen should perform this duty of citizenship a3 a patriotic act. Every man should feel that offen ders of the law should be brought to justice, and that those unjustly accused should have a hearing before twelve fair, impartial, upright and intelli gent men, and the better quaJified he is as an in telligent, honest juror with a desire to see right and justice donls, the more acceptable should be jury service. to him Augusta Chronicle. NON-PROFIT BUREAU FORMED San Francisco, Feb. 5 The plan used by the United States army to place every recruit where he would do the most good Is being tried in a modified form in Pacific cost industries by a group of former officers, psychologists and specialists in vocational training and employment problems. These specialists have organized a non-profit bureau with Captain J. David Hou8er, formerly chief psycho logical examiner at Camp Kearny, as president- The organization has un dertaken surveys of the employment problems of' several large business houses including three hig department stores, a street railway company and several other concerns. It offers to give intelligence test to employes and applicants for position, to prepare scientific application blanks i for each concern. It. seeks to eliminate excessive labor turn-over attendent upon the ordinary hapazard method of employing. Research work is being carried for ward dealing with experiments in in dustrial democracy, profit sharing, plans for making the lazy employe work and plans for established pro motion schedules, regular complaint channels and other means for reducing discontent. Wilford FJ. Talbert of the Bureau of Personnel Research of the Carnegie Institute of Technology is director of the bureau here. The staff includes Dr. Roy W. Kelly, director of vocational guidance at Harvard University; Lieutenant C. C Stech, psychological examiner at Camp Dix, Funston and Logan; Lieutenant A. S. Otis, psycho logist and satistical analysist for the surgeon general's office; Major Lewis M. Terman, professor of education at Stanford University, and Dr. Ira B. Cross, chairman of the economics de partment of the University of Cali fornia, consultants. (Clip and past this in your scrap book). Copyright 1919, New Era' Features. WHAT HAPPENE D FEBRUARY 6. 1915. Austrians break Russian attacks in the Carpathians Russians drive Ger mans from positions on east bank of the Zzura; von Hindenburg continues violent attacks, near Borjimow. 1916. Blitish block Hoover's plan to re lieve Poland; Sir Edward Grey says Germans must first stop exports of food from Poland. 1917. Course with Germany to be firm but calm; to give excuse to charge that we seek war Xeutrals balk at fol lowing U. S.; Germany's power still too great to permit it. 1918. Germans send" ultimatum to Rumania demanding peace parley in 4 days Secretary Baker says forces for France depend on ships; h-;",!' . transports for 1,500.000 men Pr seeks blanket powers for p.-v: (! emergency; bill to give him author to coordinate nnd ronso'idate a'l p ernmental activities: Marshal Hindenburg and ttor.pr.- l Ludorv" now established in Belgium; lo headquarters far threatened dr!v British Home Army suffers cut n tions. 1919. Allies get peace offer from H Bolshevist government; agree -.? ference at Princes Island ar.rl of:'r assume national debt and piy '.r: est with raw materials I.oagup Xaticns plan to offer opportunity "Reservations;" Senators can ; n treaty at will according to npor-provision. OBITUARY. LOCAL WEATHER Everybody Please Stand on Their Heads. Pear Admiral Sims, in his testimony before the senate investigating committee says that when he was ordered to England in March, 1017, just before the UnitM States entered the war, he was "instructed by the navy department not to let the British pull the wool over your eyes," and that "we would just as soon fight the British as. the central powers." All who believe this story will please stand on their heads. It looks to a man up a tres that the admiral is manufacturing- political bufifc fof the next presi dential efection. The Sims' are in bad the profes sor and the admiral. Ccala Banner. Now we hear the glad Mdings that those wasp waited dresses that the boys having been wearing as business coats are going out. Thank Ifeavcn! Let us hope nobody lets 'eaa in again. One Thing She Can't Become. Woman is encroaching on another of man's special professions. A Miami woman has gone in for flying. She was a "good scout" in the aJr and is learning both the airplane and the hydroplane. Well, we mere men can console ourselves with the thought that a woman can never be the father of a large family. Lakeland Advertiser, (Compiled for Th Journal by the Weather Bureau Office) February 6, 1920. Sunrise, 6:46; sunset, 5:30. Moonrise, 8:12 p. m.; irioonset, 7:43 a. m. sext phase of the moon, last quar ter, 11th. High tide, 10:52 p. m.; low tide, 5: S3 a. m. Yesterday's Weather. TEMPERATURE 7a.m. 12n. 7p.m. Dry Bulb 47 40 53 Wet bulb 43 46 43 Highest 58; lowest 46; mean 52; normal 54; mean same date last year 83. Highest of record for February 78 degrees. Lowest of record for February, 7 degrees. RAINFALL: For 24 hours ending 7 p. m., 0. Total for thi3 month to 7 p. m., 0.02. Normal for February 4, 4!) inches. Accumulated excess this year to date 0.77. HUMIDITY: T 7 a. m., 72; 12 noon, 81; 7 p. m., 7. BAROMETER: 7 a. m., 30.1o; t p. m, 30.11. SMALL FIRES KEEP DEPARTMENT BUSY . Several calls for the fire depart ment were turned in today, in each case the damage was slight. Calls came in from 811 E. LaRua by Alec Shuberg; Virginia Howell, 1320 X- Al caniz; .412 X. Guillemardc. Itirry Smith anS SOI E. Belmoni. Ed. Fil-lingico. CAPT. A. C. FICKETT Capt. Arthur C. Fickett died at Philadelphia, January 25. Funeral services were held at 198 7th-ave., Brooklyn, Wednesday, Jan. 28, at 8 p. m. Capt. Fickett had many friends in Pensacola that he had made on his several visits here as the guest of Mrs. John G. Wood and family, and who will regret to hear of his death. He had been in the employ of the Luckenbach Steamship Company for many years, and during the period of the war commanded the Walter Luck enbach, doing transport duty. He was a man of -rare intelligence and great charm of manner. His health failed him in the latter part of the summer brought on by the heavy strain and responsibility experienced during the war. MRS. M. C- M'COY. Mrs. M. C. McCoy died at her home. 15 W. Liberty-st. Wednesd.iv : ic Funeral will be held at the ! "ir t afternoon. Burial will be at m. J oh cemetery. NEW OIL COMPANY LOCATES AT CHIl fJ Chipley, Feb. 5. Gen. ! ):. ! ',vi:h .,-.1 Scarlett today closed a t oil company in which h acres of his Orange Hill I sum of $10,000 cash with in the contract that the t 'mp im mediately begin the insuir-n -'' chinery to begin boring a wc-!?. The lease was made under Vr vice of a rioted geologist who ' the best Indications for oil i-i V Florida is on Orange Hill. T: . eral is elated in locating a str company on the hill. It is an secret that oil has been struck ' Chipley Oil company at the w : ' Falling Water. The city is nvfr. with prospectors. 1-LAV1JNISTQM ffl Sixteen years ago today, February 6, 1904, war was declared betweeo Russia and Japan. Find another Russian. AWW.H 1st Xfi&fili&i S.Uiiiei Right ide down, in huU $f XMitU K I.