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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, March 12, 1920, Image 1

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fight men cost of living
Your old furniture, office fix
tures or machinery can be quiet
ly turned Into casrfi through The
Journal Want Column
Rain Friday; Saturday colder
and probably fair, fresh south
winds shifting- to northwest Fri
day night.
VOL. XXII, NO. 321
Representatives of Public and
Operators Recommend 25,
Per Cent Increase.
Secretary Green of Miners Has
Expressed Belief that Differ
ences Will Be Ironed Out
Washington, Mar. 11. The commis
sion appointed by President Wilson to
settlo coal strikes split definitely on
quest Ions of wage increases and hours.
The majority, with Henry M. Robin
son, representing public, Rembrandt
Pealo, representing the operators, in
their report to the president today is
understood to have recommended
general wage advances of approxi
mately 25 per cent with no changes in
hour and working conditions. This
advance includes the 14 per cent
granted when the strike ended.
John P. White, representing the
miners, refused to concur in this set
tlement. He is preparing a minority
report in which it Is reported he will
recommend a seven-hour day and in
created wages of about thirty-five
per cent.
Secretary Green of the miners union
after a conference with Secretary Tu
multy at the White House said there
are no radical differences in the two
reports, and expressed hope that dif
ferences will be ironed out at joint
meetings. The president in inviting
the commission ' to undertake settle
ment said it was important that their
conclusion be unanimous. Some ad
ministration officials and miners ex
pect the president to reqeust the two
sides to get together on a basis of
two reports.
The wage increase proposed will ab
sorb the 14 per cent granted when
the miners returned to work last No
vember, so that the actual Increase is
11 pt r cent over present wages.
Th-a majority recommended that the
check off system, by' which the oper
ators collect from the miners dues to
the unions, be retained. It also recom
menced that the question of differ
entials be "referrfd to a" special com
mission to be appointed by the joint
wage scale conference and to report m
two years.
Tha wage increase would not be
made retroactive. The commission did
not ask that the powers of the fuel
administration be conferred on it.
The majority recommendations were
submitted today to President Wilson, J
but have not yet, been made public.
White House officials saying they
were awaiting . the minority report
from Mr. White.
Rembrandt Peale, representing the
operators, Joined with Henry M. Rob
inson, representing the public In sign
ing the majority report.
The report for several days in an
effort to compose its differences and
maku a unanimous report as it was
requested ; to do in the letter from
President Wilson creating it last No
vember. The majority made no recommenda
tion as to price increases to cover tne
advance in wages. Its statement that
it did not ask for fuel administratior
Powers was taken to men that it held
that the question of Increased prices
was one for the fuel administration to
By "Laying of Hands'? New Or
leans Folk Unburdened of
Ills They Say.
New Orleans, March. 11. While
crowds early tonight still jammed the
streets leading to the little houseboat
of Jchn Cmlney, of Canada, who calls
himself "Brother Isaiah," plans were
being made by the city and state med
ical authorities to investigate publish
ed statements of persons who claimed
thev had been cured of various ail
ment by the boatman's laying on of
the l-ands. Statements published today
that a number claimed Cudney healed
them even of ailments of major im
portance caused crowd3 to gather.
Kev West, March il What appear
ed t") have been the wreckage of a
large passenger airplane was found
bottom up bv fishermen last night in
the channel off Mirquise and towed to
shallow water, but it could not be as
certained if there were any bodies in
the Machine. , Naval authorities are in
vestigating the wreckage today. It is
state! there is no airplane missing in
this district.
Washington. Mar. 11. Unable to
make both ends meet on their pres
ont nav. officers are resigning, and
enlisted men are deserting from th?
arm" and navy "in droves." Senators
YVadsworih a Poindexter told the
(senate today .. t
Declaration This Country Re
sponsible for Delay Turkish
Settlement Surprising.
Paris Editor Says President's
Reference to Imperalism of
France Aimed at Foch.
Washington, Mar. 11. Surprise was
expressed at the State Department to
day at the statement of Earl Curzon
placing on the United States blame
for delay in settling the Turkish ques
tion. "The State Department has never
been informed of the decision of the
Supreme Council at London, and its
opinion has never been asked," said
one of the officials. Members of the
American peace delegation were asked
about the settlement of the Turkish
settlement at Paris last year but the
Council refused to discuss the matter
It was learned the United States
position will be announced as soon
as officially informed of the settlement.
Paris, Mar. 11. President Wilson's
charge against France made in the
letter he sent early this week to Sen
ator Hitchcock are said by "Pertinax"
political editor of the Echo de Paris to
"be aimed at France by name, but at
Marshal Foch by Implication."
"The so-called Imperialism of
France" says the writer, in discussing
Mr. Wilson's letter, "consists In the
conviction, fortified by all the lessons
of history, that to guarantee herself
against attacks from Central Europe
she must hold the Rhine bridgeheads."
In the course of his article "Perti
nax" says President Wilson went to the
session of the supreme council on May
29, 1919, much perturbed and read to
Premiers Clemenceau and Lloyd
George a letter from Pierepont B.
Noyes, American member of the
Rhineland commission who declared
the agreement reached on May 11 for
the administration of Hie Rhineland
was "more brutal than Its authors
themselves would desire as it provides
for intolerable oppression of 6,000,000
innaouants or tne region during many
Mr. Xoyes letter added that Amer
ican officers with whom he had dis
cussed the question strongly supported
his view and was accompanied by a
plan of occupation involving a mini
mum of military domination, it is said.
"This plan" the article asserts, "was
nothing more or less than the conven-
(No. 2 Continued on Page Two.)
Mexican Political Situation Is
Still Clouded Though Elec
tion Is Almost at Hand
Mexico City, Mar. 11. With the
presidential election less than six
months away, the political situation
in Mexico is so obscure that it Is im
possible to state definitely whether
there are three or six candidates.
President Carranza has been em
phatic in his statements that he in
tends to retire when his term of office
expires next December. He has de
clared for honest elections and a
peaceful transfer of power.
A recent conference of seventeen
.Mexican governors neia in tne na
tional capital took cognizance of their
chiefs attitude by issuing a manifesto
to the people in which they pledged
their support to the legally elected
president. The governors conference
was declared by the local press to
have deep political significance inas
much as elaborate plans were made
by the executives for holding elections,
each governor to exercise complete
control over the voting in his state.
One significant part , of their pro
gram was the elimination of the fed
eral army from politics. This was
In accord with a recent order from
the War Department, made at the di
rection of President Carranza, to the
effect that army men must not meddle
in politics. "
Generals Obregon and Gonzales are
conducting vigorous campaigns each
being aided by an official newspaper.
Ignacio Ponillas is an avowed candi
date although as yet he has not for
saken his ambassadorial duties in
If the present administration favors
one of the three announced candidates
Obreeon. Gonzales or Bonillas it
has kept the fact carefully concealed.
Obregon and President Carranza ap
pear to have broken after a friendship
of year's standing and Kl Monitor Re-
publicano. the Obregon organ, is vehe -
ment in its attacks upon the president,
Joplin, Mo., Mar. 11. Three
men were killed in a tornado that
struck Nevada, Mo., this after- '
noon destroying part of a three-1
story building occupied by the
Bank of Nevada, and blowing
out windows in the courthouse. '
Springfield, Mo., Mar. 11. Ten'
persons are known to be dead,
one is reported dead, two miss
ing, and eight injured as the re
sult of a tornado which swept
through the Valley . of Turkey
Creek in Taney county today.
Palacios Admits He Carried Cor
. doba Letter to Jenkins in
Arranging' Kidnapping.
Mexico City, Mar. 11. Procopla
Palacios, described as being a rebel
colonel and second in command to the
bandit leader Federico Cordoba, under
pressure of jbl "third degree" examina
tion by the police of Puebla,' yester
day told the inquisitors that he car
ried letters from Cordoba to William
O. Jenkins former United States con
sulor agent at Puebla, for the purpose
of arranging details for the kidnap
ping of Jenkins by Cordoba. Palacios
was recently arrested at Puebla be
cause of his alleged connections with
Press dispatches from Puebla, con
taining the foregoing Information say
that Palacios at first denied he was a
member of Cordoba's band but under
the police inspector's "third degree"
examination he later admitted carry
ing the bandit's' letters to Jenkins,
the dispatches declare.
Palacios the advices' said also in
formed the authorities that ' anoiner
part he took in the alleged conspiracy
was to bring horses from Cordoba's
camp to the Mayorazco factory near
Puebla where Jenkins metim andh
accompanied him to Cordoba's head
quarters. The Puebla police plan to confront
Jenkins with Palacios the dispatches
say- .
Washington, Mar, ll.--Relatives and
friends of Americans kidnapped by
Francisco "Villa need have no concern
as to their safety and may dismiss all
fear that they may be held for ransom
if they repose full confidence in a
communication recently received from
the Mexican bandit leader. According
to his note of reassurances, he has
adopted the only practical means he
can think of to get a friendly conver
sation with various representative
Americans who cross his trail, and,
while they are his "guests" they will
be treated with every consideration
and returned unharmed and unrobbed
to their friends.
The substances of Villa's communi
cation was transmitted unofficially to
officers of the intelligence branch of
the war department coincident with
consular report received at the state
department announcing the release of
Joseph Williams, who had been car
ried off into the mountains by Villa
last week after an attack on a train
in which Williams was a passenger.
Williams was the fifth American cap
tured by the outlaw in' two months.
all of -whom have been released with
out the payment of ransom.
It was explained in the message
Villa succeeded in getting here, that
only a vague idea of what was going
on In the outside world could be had
where he was and the desire to learn
more, to gain the Americans point-of
view and a determination to give op
portunities to carry back with .them
some of his own theories of what a
government In Mexico should be had
caused him to determine to gather in
his guests where he might find them
regardless of their willingness vo ac
cept his invitation. He added that
from time to time others would be
brought in, but urged those Interested
not to become alarmed for it was no
part of his plan either to injure them
or collect ransom.
Washington, March 11. When The
Journal correspondent asked Congress
man Smithwick today if he had any
statement to make relative to the an
nouncement of the second candidate
against him he replied that he did not
but remarked, '"If the first candidate
to announce should convince the folks
that he is good for all the things he
says he is in this announcement, and
the last candidate should prove that he
has a corner on patriotism, then the
outlook for just a plain ordinary per
son like me is somewhat gloomy."
Mr. Smithwick seemed to be. quite
optimistic, however, with never a sus
picion of gloom.
Miami, March 11. Liquors valued at
io.uuu were seized in a residence at
Palm Beach Monday, it became known
today. Two men were arrested as go
betweens, but the principals are said
fto be still at large. It is supposed it
j was smuggled from the Bahamas.
Coal Miners and Operators Are
Charged With Enhancing
Prices of Necessities
More Than Half of Defendants
Understood to Be Operators;
Names Not Made Public
Indianapolis, Mar. 11. Indictments
charging conspiracy were returned
against 125 mine operators and miners
by a special federal grand Jury this
afternoon. The indictments were
drawn under the Lever act and
charges as reported are to enhance
the price , of necessaries by restrict
ing distribution limiting manufacture
and by other means,vand conspiracy
to commit offenses against the United
States as defined in the criminal code.
Those indicted are chiefly from In
diana. Illinois, Ohio and western.
Federal District Judge A. B. Ander
son fixed bonds in some of the case a
ten thousand, and some five thou
sand. The defendants will be arraigned
May 4. Names will not be made pub
lic until aresti The grand Jury had
been Investigating the coal industry
since December and it is understood
some violations charges antedate sigiy
Ing of the armistice.
More than half the defendants are
operators, it was said.
Commoner's Statement That He
Would Not Abide by Instruc
tions Starts Argument.
Lincoln. Neb Mar. 11. W. J. Bry
an's rfcpnt statement that if. elected
a delegate. to-the demorati.c. natlonajN
convention he would no vote tor the
presidential nomination of United
States Senator G. M. Hitchcock has
been replied to by J. H. Mithen, man
ager of a Hitchcock-ror-President
club with a statement that "Senator
Hitchcock's friends welcome the is
sue" and "will meet Bryan in every
precinct in Nebraska."
Mr. Mithen said Mr. Bryan had
"spent many years preaching in favor
of constitutions and now he asks the
people of Nebraska to elect him as
delegate and Instruct him, and then
serves notice on them in advance that
instructions to him will not be bind
ing." '"
"He has always taken the position
that the rules that govern men's ac
tions do not apply to him," Mr. Mithen
Among reasons by Mr. Bryan for his
opposition to Senator Hitchcock was
that -the senator had voted against
submission of the federal prohibition
and suffrage amendments.
t m n. "Hats for worn-
en members of parliament" have made
their first appearance, the enterprise
of a Regent Street fashion store which
has been beseiged by interested fem
inine shop gazers.
rx, vota thus labelled are
brimless and of the biretta university
cap and tricorner style. Black and dark
brown are the only colors used. One
coquettish model has a long .n c
sel dangling over the right ear.
WashingtonrIar. ll.-The census
bureau to announced' the population
of Louisville, Kentucky, is 234,891. an
increase of 4 9-10 per cent over 1910.
St. Joseph, Missouri, 77,3o. an in
crease of four.
Washington, March il. Recommen
dations that the in ted States accept
mandate over Armenia are understood
to be contained in the report of the
American mission under Major Genera
llarboard that recently tonr-jj that
country to obtain first hand informa
Greenville, S. CL. March II President
Rjcgs, of Ctemson collet called a
meeting of trustees of the institution
next Saturdav to consider the situation
arising from'the departure of virtually
all under classmen after differences
with college authorities, it was an
nounced tonight. Upper classmen will
be given a ten-day holiday pending ef
forts of settlement o f the trouble
which arose over methods of - discipline.
The Tidewater Coal Exchange
the- government coal controlling
agency under the president's
latest proclamation, has directed
that W. C. Dlllard continue his
duties as port coal officer for
the L. & N. R. li. at the Port of
Pensacola, In accordance with
the rulings, Mr. Dlllard directs
that permits must be obtained
for bunkering ships for foreign
ports and for export cargos to
foreign and insular ports. Per
mits are to be obtained from J.
W. Howe, 149 Broadway, X. T.,
through Mr. Dillard.
Noted Educator Speaks at Ar
mory Hall Tonight on Work
at Mooseheart Home.
Albert Bushnell Hart, scientist, phil
osopher and lecturer of national repu
tation will lecture tonight at the Ar
mory hall under auspices of the local
order of Moose. Dr. Hart is professor
of the science of government in Har
vard University and is touring the
Southern states In company with Mrs.
Hart. They arrived in Pensacola yes
terday. ;Dr. Hart will give a picture of
Mooseheart, the orphan's home of the
Moose and will take up the vocational
education of children. He will out
line the aims and purposes of Moose
heart and will describe the activities
of the home. The lecture will be free
to the public.
Dr. Hart is using his vacation year
from the university in visiting many
states and his tour will also take him
through California, Honolulu and then
through the north. The tour will take
a year to complete. In every city
where there is a local order of Moqse
the professor lectures on the wonder
ful work "being done at Mooseheart.
Ten years ago Dr. Hart made a tour
of the South and at the conclusion of
the journey wrote a book of his ob
servations. It was called the Southern
South, and attracted a great deal of
favorable comment at that time.
Mooseheart, said Dr. Hart, Is the
pioneer- institute of-ivocatiOnal edu
cation. The home has over 800 chil
dren and these are all being taught
useful trades and professions. The
Institution is making book educational
practical, continued the professor, and
it is establishing a national reputation
as being the school that trains for
The home has an income of over
a million dollars annually and the
plan is valued at over two and a half
million. It has 1,000 acres of the best
loam black land that could be found
in the state of Illinois, said the pro
fessor. The Institution has been watched
and assisted by the foremost educa
tors in America, and has the endorse
ment of Roosevelt, Wood, Monroe and
many other prominent Americans.
There is not another institution In
America that Is doing the work that
Mooseheart is, he said. The school
is managed by a board of governors
consisting of eight men. This board
has complete control of the institu
tion under the order of Moose. Dr.
Hart is one of the governors.
In speaking of Pensacola, Dr. and
Mrs. Hart were both enthusiastic.
They complimented the city upon hav
ing such a hotel as the San Carlos,
saying that in all cities they had vis
ited in the south that they had never
been guests In any hotel showing the
courtesy, friendliness and .home-likeness
as the San Carlos.
Dr. Hart said that Pensacola should
be the gateway for all tourists going
or coming In the southern part of the
state. Campaigns should be staged
in having the railway offices sell
tickets byvway of Pensacola, allowing
stop-overs in this city. '
Dr. Hart visited several places of
historical interest In the city yesterday
and today will visit the naval sta
tion, Fort Barrancas and the old fort
San Carlos.
London, Mar. 11. Empire cotton
growing on a commercial basis almost
Immediately was foreshadowed from
the meeting held yesterday In the
house of commons which was attended
by some of the . Lancashire members
of the house and others financially
interested in the cotton trade, accord
ing to the Manchester Guardian, which
says it was suggested that fifteen mil
lion pounds sterling be provided for
commercial development of cotton in
some British colony or colonies to
be selected.
"Washington, Mar. 11. Announce
ment by Secretary Houston that no
more loans be made to allies is be
lieved tonight to Indicate adoption by
the treasury of the policy favored
by debtor nations of deferring interest
payments for the next three years or
more. More than nine billion dollars
of ten billion authorized by congress
has already been advanced to the
allies. -
Corona Coal Company Structure
Will Hold 3,000 Tons in
Reserve for Bunkers.
Bin Is City Block Long and Ten
Feet High Will Prevent
Shortage in Rail Tie-up
To facilitate bunkering . ships the
Corona Coal Co. of New Orleans, has
completed a huge coal bin at the G.
F. & A. wharf with a capacity of over
3,000 tons of coal. The bin was com
pleted yesterday and is ready to re
ceive the first train load of bunker
coal. The local office will be under
the supervision of I. B. Whiteman of
the CoronaT Co. Mr. Whiteman left
yesterday to confer with the home of
ficials of the company.
The big coal bin will contain more
than 60 cars of bunker coal when
filled to capacity, or more than 3,000,
tons. It Is planned to keep the bin
full, from which to draw coal for
ships when railways are unable to de
liver the coal from the tracks.
The bin is more than a citv block
in length and is 10 feet in height. It
is built of heavy deal timber and runs
parallel with the G. F. & A. tracks
near the dock. Coal from the train
may be dumped Into the bin direct
from the' cars without beiner handled
and when needed It is taken from the
bin by a steam shovel working on a
crane. The shovel empties into cars
and the cars run up the chute to the
cpal chute of the G. F. & A. From the
latter cnute tne coal is emptied direct
Into the ship.""-''
With the buildinsr of the bier coal
bin Pensacola, as a coaling port' for
ships, will have the best facilities for
bunkerine shins of anv nort In th
Gulf. Ships entering this port for coal
in the past have depended upon the
railroads for coal supplies, but with
the completion of the bin, a reserve
supply of coal will be kept on hand to
coal more than one ship. The Indian,
the largest ship that makes this port
takes only about 2,000 tons or bunker
The J. Frank Seavev. Which
Docked at Bruce Dry Docks, ,
Is Abandoned at Sea. -
The American four-master schooner
J. Frank Seavey was abandoned at
sea and the crew landed safely at St.
John, New Brunswick, according to
telegrams received here yesterday.
The Seavey left Pensacola about a
week ago, bound for Cuba. She was
caught in the heavy gale and became
The Seavey came into this port re
cently from Spain and was dry docked
by the Bruce compaay where a new
bottom, steering gear and other re
pairs were made. The schooler was
owned by a Boston company and had
been used in trans-Atlantic trade.
The schooner left Pensacola with a
pargo of lumber and was commanded
by Capt. Nicholson. She was loaded
here by Frank Rivers. No details of
the wreck was given In the advices
received here.
Atlanta. March il.--Cotiferences of
company and union representatives to
day failed to settle the street car strike
after the men refused to obey orders
of their international officers to return-
The company made no effort to
operate cars. '
Union leaders reiterated Ihey are un
able to accept fifteen per cent wage
increase the arbitration board granted
because it would not give the men a
"living wage." The company Issued a,
statement saying the union violated
their agreement to abide by arbitra
tion and that the issues become one of
"law, order, Americanism . or chaos,
anarchy, radicalism."
Washington, Mar. 11. The navy is
prepared to commander fuel oil neces
sary for Its fighting ships if its re
quirements are not covered at "rea
sonable" prices, when bids are- opened
I Tuesday, Secretary Daniels announced
today. . . .
Asserts That Months Were Lost
Before Squadron Was Order
ed to Join Grand Fleet. .
Admiral Tells Senate Committee
That Hoover Can' Explain
Desperateness of Needs.
Washington, Marcn 11 Charges that
the Atlantic fleet was not kept in read
iness during the war were added by
Rear Admiral Sims to his arraignment
of navy department policy in his testi
mony today before the senate investi- .
gating committee. He declared that
months were lost before the battleship
squadron was ordered to join the Brit
ish grand fleet and when ordered it
was necessary for them to dock first,
causing a delay of another two or three
He read a cablegram from the navy
department dated July 10, 1917. con
taining an outline of the department's
policy, and declaring that "while a
successful termination of the present
war must always be the first allied aim
and will probably result in diminished
tension throughout the world, the fu
ture position of the United. States must
in no way be jeopardized by any dis
integration of our main fighting fleet."
The same cablegram, Admiral Sims
said, contained this statement. "The
navy department announces as lis gen
eral plan of action the following:
"Its willingness to send its minor
fighting forces in any number not In
compatable with home needs to any
field of action deemed advisable by the
allied admiralty council; its" unvgjlling
ness as a matter of policy to separate
any division from the main fleet for
service abroad although it is willing to
send .the entire battleship fleet abroad
to act as a united but cooperating unit
when the emergency is deemed to
warrant it."
With regard to this message and
statement of policy Admiral Sims said
it was the' "first definite statement of
policy I had received, arriving a few
days over three months after wc had
declared war."
"The astounding features of this pol
icy were, however; that while It stat
e dour intention to cooperate to the
'fullest degree, still such cooperation
was conditioned first upon an ftdequate
defense of our own waters and next
upon the future position of the United
States after this war was finished."
said the admiral. "I am wholly unable
to conceive of any war policy,- particu
larly in a world war of this nature,
which was certain to exhaust all of the
participants with, the possible "exception
of ourselves based upon the require
ments of any possible future war,"
A message received from the navy
department dated July 5 to the effect
that several small vessels were being
sent to augment his forces "indicated
that they were at 'last beginning to.
realize that there was a war being
fought in European waters,", declared
Admiral Sims.
On July 30 Admiral Sims testified he
sent the navy department a review of
the discussions of the allied naval
council in which he stated that "it was
made apparent that closer coordination
of effort should be Immediately estab
lished between the United States and
the 'allies,", and reiterated his previous
requests for more small craft with
which -to fight submarines.
Even as late as January, 1018, he was
still calling for more destroyers. Ad
miral Sims, said, and by that time he
declared his predictions that the allies
would lose the war unless the United
States gave more complete naval co
operation -were being justified by re
sults and th.5 navy department were be
ginning to carry out his recommenda
tions of six and eight months before.
On April 23, August 24, and Septem
ber, 1918, Admiral Sims said he wrote
the department expressing his disap
pointment at the apparent non-success
of the destroyer building program . in
the United States and urging the neces
sity of "speeding" production of anti
submarine craft and sending every
available small vessel to the war zone
even at the. expense of the protection
of the coasts of tne United States.
"I am only introducing testimony so
far along In 1918 at this time to bring
out the accumulated effect at not hav
ing thrown our full weight into the
war at the beginning." the admiral said.
"The situation was so serious and the
consequences of failure so terrible that
I went beyond the channels which the
navy afforded me and enlisted the ser
vices of such men as Ambassador
Page." .
Herbert Hoover will be called to tes
tify in the asenate investigation of the
navy's conduct of the war:
Rear Admiral Sims told the Inquiry
committee that Mr. Hoover had an in
timate knowledge of the situation In
Europe at the time America entered the
war and asked that he be summoned
to substantiate the admiral's testi
mony with regard, to the gravity of the
allies' position at that time.
Admiral Sims said he had received a
note from Mr. Hoover saying he would
be here Saturday and Chairman Hale
agreed to call him on that, day.
Admiral Sims said he would like lo
have the former food administrator
called before he proceeded further in
order that there should "be no doubt in
my mind that I have substantiated te
part of my. letter in which I described
the gravity of the crisis whit h w
faced in 1917 and pointed out how near
(No. 1 Continued on Pfl 2)

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