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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, March 13, 1920, Image 1

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"GHT niGIl COSt OF LIMNG
Your old furniture, office fix
tures or machinery can be quiet
ly turned Into cash through The
Journal Want Column
!
I
WEATHER FORECAST
Fair and colder Saturday with
V
. fresh northwest wind.". Sunday-
fair.
-a
VOL. XXII, NO. 322
PENS AC OLA, FLORIDA, r SATURDAY MORNING, . MARCH 18, 1920
PRICE FIVE CENTS
i rr. ill lit 7A I An u i i
an
$J WW
AIT
Modification of Lodge Reserva
tion Splits Democrats and
Republicans Alike.
ISSUE STILL CLOUDED
Attempt to Reach Agreement
Results, in Opposite Effect
and More Delay Ensues
Washington, Mar.' 12. A substitute
for the Lodge reservation to article
ten, which stood unchanged for many
weeks, the storm center of the peace
treaty controversy, was proposed In
the senate today by its author. Repub
lican Leader Lodge. The move, de
scribed by republican managers as a
step toward harmony and compromise,
at first led the senate In exactly the
opposite direction by starting a dis
cussion as to whether the new draft
was weaker In its terms than the old.
As a result ,the possibilities of final
tffreement remained as beclouded as
ever.
In general the substitute follows the
form of the drafts agreed on several
days ago In bi-partisan compromise
negotiations.
When the reservation was offered It
was declared among the republicans
that the negotiations had lined up al
most enough votes to ratify the treaty
on that basis but that final agreement
had not yet been reached. The re-?
publican leaders planned to obtain a
vote lat- today.
In representing the substitute Sena
tor Lodge said he did'so in the inter
est of compromise and not because the
new -draft represented any substantial
change in the meaning of the reserva
tion. "I do, this", he said, "in full conso
nance with what I have stated on the
floor of the senate several times. I do
not feel that I should be Justified that
I would be Insisting on the defeat of
the treaty on a mere phraseology of
any reservation. If I thought the mod
ification made any change in the sub
stance of the reservation I should not
only not offer it but I should vote
against the treaty with it included.
As represented the reservation reads
as follows:
"The United States assumes no obli
gation to preserve the territorial in
tegrity independence of any other
country by ha employment of its mili
tary or naval forces. Its resources or
any form of economic discrimination
to interfere in controversies ..between
nations whether members of the league
or not vnder the provisions of article
ten or t employ the military or naval
forces of the United States under any
articles in the treaty for any purpose
unless i: any particular pase until the
congress which under the constitution
alone hes the power to -declare war or
authorize the employment of military
or naval forces of the United States
shall, in the exercise of full liberty
of action, by acf, or joint resolution,
so provide."
It was apparent that the republican
leaders had failed to unite their col
leagues behind the new reservation.
Senator Frelinghuysen, republican of
New Jersey, who voted for ratification
last November, told the senate the
modification had a weakening effect
and that he would not support any
reservation which did not go as far as
the original. He offered a substitute.
The irreconcilable opponents of rati
fication also Indicated they would not
vote to substitute the new draft for the
old. but the leaders insisted they would
hold cloe to thirty votes. Compromise
advocates among the democrats pre
dicted that about the same number on
their side would vote for the substi
tute. It takes 64 votes to ratify.
ROBBERS HALT
BROADWAY CROWD
Smash Window in Jewelry Store
and Seize Valuables.
New Tork. Mar. 12 J While Broad
way was crowded tonight with thea
tregoers, three armed bandits smashed
.the window of a jewelry store at Thir-"ty-Seventh-st..
kept crowds at bay
with revolvers until they emptied the
contents of several trays into their
pockets, then escaped, shooting one
pedestriin who attempted to stop
them.
A few minutes later three men en
s tered another Broadway jewelry store,
a few blocks uptown, and after throw
ing pep;er in the clerk's eyes grabbed
some trays of jewelry and ran from the
store.
Two men alleged members of the
trio, were Arrested after a chase. Both
robberies were committed in the heart
Of the whitA lit-h
thousands who were thrown Into the
greatest excitement as police reserves
arrived on the double quick.
EDWARDS DECLINES
NEBRASKA TICKET
T.inco n. Nebr., March 12. Governor
KUward. of New Jersev, will not per
mit his name printed on the liallot for
the Nebraska primarv April 'JO, as a
candidate for the democratic nomina-
-n for. president, he telegraphed the
secretary of state hVc todav. He gave
no reason.
Washington. March l William O.
MeAdoo, y hose name, was recently en
tered in the Michigan primaries despite
hi spYotest, notified the secretary of
staic of Michigan today that should
the primary endorse hini he would r
lse Hie delegate from - inv oblica-
tions I j support him. . ..
TP
Ilk
II WORSE
SOUTH ATLANTIC
STATES UNITE
Will Work Together With Ob
ject Of Developing Foreign
Trade Interests South.
FLORIDA IS INCLUDED
War to Be Waged Against Rates
Held Discriminatory Against
Southern Ports
Greensboro, X. C, March 12. Or-,
ganization of the South Atlantic states
association with the object of -'developing
foreign trade interests of Flor
ida, Georgia. North and South Caro
lina, was effected here today at con
ferences of business and professional
men from those states.
It is proposed to wage war against
transportation rates deemed discrim
inatory to this section iand unduly
preferential to the northeast, It will
devote particular attention to Latin
American trade.
Mathew Hale, of Wilmington, X. C,
was elected president.
Officials from the United States de
partment of commerce, the Corn Ex
change Bank, of Philadelphia, and the
National City Bank, of New York
city, aided in the deliberations from
which the foreign trade program will
grow. Senators, congressmen and gov
ernors from the four states were pres
ent and took part in forming a legis
lative program to accomplish the de
sired results.
The South Atlantic states lace a
possible cancellation of the export
freight rates, which became effective
December 1 and 31, by order- of the
railroad administration, and which
placed the five South Atlantic ports
on a New York -basis. With the return
of railroads to corporate control, the
northern trunk lines, through Daniel
Willard, president of the Baltimore &
Ohio railroad, declared their intention
to cancel these rates, which action will
again force the southern manufac
turers and shippers to route southern
products through North Atlantic ports.
The forjrn trade conference will con
sider, Ways and means of maintaining
the opportunities for ' foreign trade
made possible by the establishment of
these rates and will also push, the de
mand for similar Import raivs.
William A. Wimbush, counsel for
the southern traffic association, one
of the speakers of the conference, in
No. 2 Continued on Pane Two.)
PRESIDENT MAY
ADJUST REPORT
White House Announces lie
Will Strive to Have Coal
Commission Agree.
'oaliinMnn xrarh 1" An-: effort tO
nmnneo iii ' differences between the
majority and minority' of the bitumi
nous coal strike commission will
made bv President Wilson H was.Mm
todav at the White House,
rtrr.-oiia caii fhat neither- the ma-
jority nor minority report would le
made public ir there was f"'""
of bringing the members of the com
mission to an agreement ou llieir Pi,r
cipal differences the amount of Uie
wage advance and the hours vt work
The miners represeniaim- '
commission refused to discuss his rec-
n,i,iinn lmt it was understood
he had 'held out for an increase of
wages of approximately 35 per cent and
for a seven Hour uaj .
The majority, Henry M. Robinson,
representing the publie. and Ribrandt
Peale the operators' representative,
recommended a wage advance o ap
proximately 2j per ceiu
m hours oi wui iv.
. John L. Lewis, president of the Ini
it;n. workers of America, who
hurried here last night from New York
where he has been attending the an
thracite hearing, eonierreu iuudf im
William . Green, secretary of the
miners' union," f.imiarizmg himself
with the facts. He still declined to make
anv statement.
Secretary Green said the, majority and
Mr NVhite were not far- apart on the
matter of wages and, he was hopeful
that the differences could be smoothed
out in fircct, confprences. The failure
of the -majority to recommend im
proved working conditions proved a
iconnAinimpnt to the miners, it was
said, as this had ben one of the ch'ef
demands of the men
Officials said tody thit John V.
White, the miners' represents t'.v. had
held out for a six hour day through
the negotiations between th-3 couunis
ioners"in an effort to rev.'!i an unani
mous agreement. The mines' origin
ally deniandd a six hour ,iiy and a
five day week. .
New- York. March 1. There httlc
possibilitv that there will be a sus
pension of work in the ".mthncil j coal
fields March 31, when the present con
tract expires. Phil Murray, inlenn-,
tional vice-president of the i'uit ',1
Mine Workers, said today. He ti l r
pronations for a new settlement i-rc
proceedingly satisfactorily.
JOli
ENGLISH BEAUTY IS
VISITING AMERICA
XKW YORK Lady Duveen, wife
of Sir Joseph Duveen of London,
famed art collector and dealer, has
come to the United States to visit
the large cities of the country.
TEACHERS NEED
INCREASED PAY
So Many Have Left the Profes
sion That the Country Is
Faced With Shortage.
Washington, March 12. The country
is faced with a serious shortage of
school teachers, chiefly through fail
ure to provide' adequate .salaries,. acT
cording to reports to the United States
bureau of education. Conditions are
becoming slightly better, however, the
reports state, in some sections, com
pared with those of last October when
the national educational assoc'ation
conducted an inquiry into the situa
tion. Uased on returns from state school
officials, the reports show that on
February 13 last, there were 18,27'J
schools closed ' because of lack of
teachers and 41,000 being taught by
teachers characterized as '"below stan
dard,' but being taken on temporarily
in the emergency."' Greater shortages
are shown to exist in southern states.
Responding to a questionnaire sent
out by the commissioner of education
a great majority of tne states in which
schools are closed report that children
are being transferred to other dis
tricts, while the remainder report
pupils losing their grade. To another
question as to what extent tax payers
are interesting themselves in paying
better salaries for teachers, the re
sponse was almost unanimous for an
increase. !
Salaries paid teachers in 1918, sta
tistics show, were on an average of
$606 for elementary teachers and 91.031
for those teaching in high "schools.
From salary schedules collected from
various states, giving salaries received
by individual teachers, in three coun
ties in each state, it is shown that
wages paid rural teachers fell far be
low the foregoing average in manv
states, many localities showing sala
ries paid as low as $150 and $200 a
year.
In 190 state, county, city and private
normal schools, representing 60 per
cent of the total normal schools in
the country there were 11,503 fewer
students enrolled November 1, 1919.
than during the pre-war period. - A
similar falling off Is shown in teacher
training departments in colleges,
while other departments show! great
increases in enrollment.
A. O. Xeall, of the bureau's division
oflrural education, said today there is
an; increasing withdrawal of men
teachers from the profession, the per
centage of male teachers in 1918 being
ouiy 17 per cent or one in every six.
- Reports from southern states show
the following shortages:
Virginia,' 2,000; Georgia, 1,500; Xorth
Carolina, 700.
t; The number of substitute or "sub
standard teachers empioyea m tnes;
states reporting weri- ...t
Virginia, 3,500; Alabama, 3.500;
Georgia, 3,000; Tennessee, 3,000; South
Carolina, 1,000.
ORGANIZED LOBBY
IN HOUSE CHARGED
"Washington. March 12. The exis
tence of -organized lobby of contrac
tors" aided by interested army otfi
cers with the motive of amending the
army bill to provide a separate con
struction corps, was charged in the
house today by Representative Madde,
of Illinois. Anthony of Kansas, Knut
son, of Minnesota. Wood, of Indiana,
all Republicans. The amendment was
tentatively adopted, 144 to 74.
ne3l ; Q
'if
j It 'A
- -! j??
f
STORM STRIKES
VAILEY STATES
Kentucky and Alabama Are Hit
by Tornado and Flood and
Six Lives Are Lost.
ICE INJURES NORTH
Bridges Are Carried Away in
Allegheny River Regions and
Ohio Is Affected.
Dry Ridge, Ken.. Mar. 1. Forty
persons, including thirty school chil
dren, were injured when a tornado
blew down a school house, general
store, three stock barns and damaged
otner Duiiajngs at snerman, .Kentucky,
today. None were killed. The dam
age is estimated at ?50,'000.
Greenville, Mar 12. Five negroes
killed and between 25 and 30 injured,
25 tenant 'houses were destroyed in a
rain and wind storm in AVashington
county, near Percy, early today, ac
cording to word recevp-dv hr ,tonight-
Huntsville. Ala., Mar. 12. Mastin
Lake Dam, two miles north of here,
went down early today and a great
flood swept through the western part
of the city. Bales of cotton were car
ried some distance from warehouse
platforms, the power plant was shut
down for several hours and a great
lake formed in the southwestern por
tion of the town.
Cleveland, Ohio., Mar. 12. Boats and
cottages along Rocky river were buried
today under miniature mountains of
ice,"following the breaking of a large
ice gorge last night and the flooding
of the low lands.
There was grave danger, it was said,
that further breaking of the ice with
continued mild weather would crush
and sweep, away many cottages and
boats.
Pittsburg, Mar. 12. An ice gorge 20
feet high, and stretching eight mile's
up river, broke loose at Freeport l?st
night, started with a, rush down the
Allegheny, ran into the county bridge
moving it ten inches out of line, tore
a number of flat boats, large barges
and house boats from their moorings,
washing them down the river into the
Ohio, and pounding them into splin
ters. According to reports ice in the upper
Allegheny is level with the t ridges and
the tracts of the Allegheny valley rail
road and much damage is expected
when it all begins moving down
stream.
The gorge which went out' today was
one of the heaviest in recent years
and when it broke, the sound of the
sound of the crash could be heard for
several miles.
Florence, Ala., Mar. 12. John Huff
man, head brakeman on L. & X. train
Xo. 53 was killed and engineman
George Marchbanks was injured when
the engine , and eight cars plunged
into a washout which occurred early
today between Jacksonburg and Big
Cut on the Columbia-Florence branch
of the Louisville and Xashville.
This entire section has been visit
ed by a torrential rain and the freight
train was proceeding slowly in the
No. 3 Continued on Page Two.
BROTHER ISAIAH
DRAWS CROWDS
Five Policemen Are Pushed In
to Mississippi So Great Is
Throng to See "Healer"
Xew Orleans, March 12. Crowds
seeking the services of John Cudney,
known as 'Brother Isaiah," and self
styled healer, became so great this
afternoon that five policemen were
pushed into the Mississippi river.
They were immediately dragged out
of the mud and shallow water, suffer
ing no physical harm.
The aged boatman retired at 6 o'clock
this morning after working all night
In his "treatments" of persons who
braved rain, river fog and cold to
await their turn before the lowly
houseboat, where "laying on of
hands" the boatman is alleged to
mave "cured many ailments.
At dawn many persons unable to
meet "Brother Isaiah" were returning'
to their homes while hundreds of
others were gathered on the levee
at Calhoun street waiting for the
boatman to again appear.
Dr. Oscar F. Dowling, president of
the state board of health, stated today
he was powerless to take legal action
against the boatman because he was
"accepting no money, prescribing no
medicines and violating none of the
rules of religious practice."
The Orleans Parish Medical Society
asked Superintendent of Police Mooney
to investigate the acts of the boat
man. Names and addresses oi peixjns
who claimed to have been "healed
of more or less serious ailments al
ready are in the hands of the police.
Twenty-five policemen are on duty
tonight keeping order while several
hundred persons wait their turn for
"laying on of hands." Thousands
thronged the levee during the day.
Stories of "cures" increased today and
only one deniaj was obtained by in
vestigators for local newspapers.
SIMS COKT
WILL HEAD ALLIED
PROBE OF RUSSIA
WASHINGTON Dr. Fridtjof Nan
seen, Norwegian explorer,, will head
the commission of eight sent by
the Council of the League of Na
tions to investigate conditions in
Hussia. The party is to start about
April 1. ,
SUFFRAGE VOTE
NOT POSSIBLE
Col. John Beard Says Special
. Session of Legislature Can
not Ratify Amendment.
Col. John S. Beard said yesterday
that the state legislature cannot ratify
the federal woman suffrage amendment
this year, because of constitutional in
ability. Col. Beard's contention is that
under the constitution, a federal amend
ment cannot be act Hi ob unless the
members of the legislature-.which votes
on the amendment are elected after the
amendment is submitted.
In a communication to The Journal,
Col. Beard says:
"A special to The Journal from Tal
lahassee announces that the governor
will, probably,, convene the legislature
in extraordinary session for the con
sideration of the proposed 19th (the
equal suffrage) amendment to the fed
eral constitution. The congressional
resolution, proposing this amendment,
was submitted to the several states
subsequent to the election of the pres
ent legislature of the state of Florida.
Every member of both. houses of the
present legislature of Florida was elect
ed prior to the submission of this pro
posed amendment by-congress to the
several states.
"Section 19, Article 10, of the con
stitution of the state of Florida de
clares: 'Xo convention nor legislature
of this state shall act upon any amend
ment of the constitution of the United
States proposed by congress to the sev
eral states unless such convention or
legislature shall have been elected after
such amendment is ubmitted.'
"Section '!, Article 16, of the consti
tution of the" state of Florida declares:
'Each and every officer of this stale,
including members of the legislature,
shall before entering upon the dis
charge of his official' duties, take the
following oath of office: "I do solemn
ly swear (or affirm) that I will sup
port, protect and defend the constitu
tion and government of the United
States and the state of Florida . . . .
So help me God."
"The legislature of 1911. very proper-
it. . i z1 1 1.
iv refused to aet iinon the tfith amend- i
ment to the federal constitution be -
cause one-half of the Florida state sen-
ate had been elected prior to the sub -
mission of the proposed 16th amend-
ment to the several states by congress.
The 16th amendment was the first;
amendment to the fedora! constitution
submitted by congress to the several
states after the adoption of the present
constitution of Florida.
"In 19i: the legislature of Florida,
verv properly, refxised to aet upon the
proposed 17th amendment to the fed
eral constitution for the samj reasons
that the legislature-of 1311 refused to
aet. unon the .proposed. 10th amer.d-
mentment. viz: that one-half of the
state senate had been elected prior to
the submission of the proposed 17th
amendment to the several states by
congress.
"But the present legislature when
convened in extraordinary session by
the governor, in 1918, did act upon and
ratifv the proposed 18th amendment to
the federal constitution, notwithstand
ing the fact that precisely the same
conditions existed as in 101 1 and 1913.
when the legislatures of those years
refused to act upon the ICth and 17th
amendments respectively, viz: one-half
of the state senate had been elected
prior to the proposal of the 18th
amendment by congress to the sev
eral states.
"If the legislature is convened in ex
traordinary session will it act upon
the proposed 19th amendment? It is
the same legislature that ratjfjed the
18th amendment only one-half of the
Florida state senate had been elected
prior to the submission by congress of
(No. 1 Continued on Pag 2)
J. i o
miis mm
SAYS BODS IS
POLITICALACT
Col. Keech Tells House Commit
tee Ex-Service Men Do Not
Need Monetary Relief.
FORDNEY IS INSULTED
Chairman of Committee Says He
v Wouldn't Spend Public Money
to Get Elected.
Washington, Mar. 12. Members of
congress will support soldier bonus
legislation in order "to get votes,"
Frank P. Keech of Xew York, a for
mer lieutenant colonel in the inspec
tor general's department declared to
day before ,the house ways and means
committee which is holding hearings
on relief legislation.
"I consider that an insult to members
of congress", declared Chairman Ford
ney. "I didn't mean It as an Insult, but
it is true", Keech replied.
"Members of congress are influenced
by the will of the people and rightly
so", Representative Garner, democrat,
Texas, commented.
"I consider it an insult for any per
son to say that I would spend two
billion' dollars of the public's money
to be elected to congress", Chairman
Fordney replied.
Representative Rainey, democrat of
Illinois told Keech he did not con
sider his remark an insult and that
he would appeal to the committee to
overrule Chairman Fordney'a effort to
suppress freedom- of speech among
witnesses.
"What was your salary before and
after the war?" asked Representative
Frear, republican of Wisconsin, after
the wrangle had subsided.
"I don't wish to give that", Keech
said.
"You are a broker and you speak
from the Wall-st viewpoint?" said Mr,
Frear. "Do you know of the boys on
the farm who lost, every thing as well
as the people who lived in Xew York?"
' "From conditions in Xew York I
would say that bonus Is not deserved
or needed by the average discharged
soldier", "Keech. replied. - - -
The witness added that he was con
cerned over the predicted decrease in
bond values. He objected to the sug
gestion of Representative Rainey to
place a, tax on the 23,000 men who be
came millionaires during the war.
"Initiative ceases when taxes become
high and such an additional tax would
be harmful", said he.
SHIP SERVICE
IS FAR SHORT
Although Tonnage Greater Than
' Before War Service Render
ed Not More Than Half
Washington. Mar. 12. Although the
world's ship tonnages are greater than
before the war the service rendered is
not more than half what it was for
merly, J. H. Rosseter, formerly direc
tor of operations of the shipping board,
told the senate commerce committee
today. Delays of all kinds have ma
terially reduced the efficiency of ves
sels, he said. Instancing etriKes in
many countries.
Xew Tork, Mar. 12. Strike tomor
row of several thousand longshoremen,
checkers and stevedores employed by
coastwise steamship lines was voted
tonight to enforce demands presented
several months ago for increased
I wages- and adjustment of working
hours. Union officials asserted the
j strike will affect the Mallory, Clyde,
j Morgan, Savannah and Old Dominion
Mines.
STANDARD OIL TO
DISH OUT BONUSES
Market Is South for Millions of
Dollars Worth of
Shares.
New York, March 12. The Standard
Oil Company of New Jersey, applied to
the New York Stock Exchange today
for permission to list ninety-eight mil
lion dollars of its common shares as
well as a like amount, of cumulative
non-voting preferred stock.
This is accepted by- Wall street as
meaning the company intends .to seek a
wider r.rket for its securities which
are now listed on the curb, and is be
lieved to foreshadow recapitalization
of shares of its subsidiaries with sub
sequent distribution of bonuses.
WASHINGTON MUM
ON PARIS PROTEST
Washington, March 12. State de
partment officials refused today to
deny or confirm published reports that
France had protested to the United
States government against President
Wilson's recent statement that a
"militaristic party under most pow
erful leadership" is In control in
France.
AIMS
Says Knowledge of Submarine
Movements Greatest Fac
tor in Saving Shipping.
DEPARTMENT DELAYED
Insists Washington Had Funda
mental Misconception of,
Defense "Problems.
Washington, Mar. 12. More shfp.
ping was saved by keeping track of
German submarines and routing ves
sels clear of them than by any othr
single measure. Rear Admiral Sims
told the senate investigating commit
tee today. He made the statement
in support of h,ls charge that the
navy department, had a "fundamental
misconception" of the problem of de
fending home waters rather than send -
ing many warships to Europe. Sims
presented many telegrams announcing
departure of the first raiders for the
American coast. He sent more than
three score founded on absolute In
formation obtained by the British ad
miralty, and proved the soundness of
his original recommendations that all
available forces should be concentrat
ed in European waters.
Disregard by the navy department
of his recommendations with regard
to adoption of the eonvoy system' was
described by Admiral Sims today as
"Infinitely more serious" M Its bear
ing on the war than other cases of al
leged inefficiency cited in previous
testimony before the senate Investigat
ing committee.
Admiral Sims said that early In 1917
the allies were compelled by the sub
marines to adopt the convoy plan for
protecting shipping and that on May
1 he "urgently recommended" Ihat the
United States give its cooperation, but
it was not until Juno 20 that Secre
tary Daniels replied he considered
American vessels having armed guards
were safer when sailing independent
ly. .,
The admiral said he again, urged
the immediate adoption of the convoy
system and stated his belief that arm
ing merchantmen did not offer suffi
cient guard against submarine attack.
On July 1 he received a gable outlin
ing an entirely new plan of protecting
merchant hips, formulated In the de-r
partmeot in which he said was widely ,
at varience with the British and
French systems and which he "cabled ,
the department would be a "funda
mental military error" resulting in "di
rect assistance to the enemy."
In an answer the navy department
submitted another plan, he said, and
asked that he present it to the Brit
ish admiralty. lie did so and was told
that the proposal had been tried out
by the allies early in the war without
success and that the admiralty desired
assurance of American cooperation in
the convoy plan so the first convoy
might sail from Xew York, July 8.
About the same time Admiral Jelli-
coe wrote him expressing grave appre
hension for the success of the convoy '
system unless the United States de
cided to participate, the admiral stat
ed. Finally on July 22 the navy depart
ment accepted the convoy plan for
transport ships and later accepted It
for supply vessels, the admiral testi
fied, but only after great pressure had
been brought to bear by the other al
lies and after many valuable weeks
had been wasted. Even as late as
August 10 he .said he received mes
sages from the department asking that
the convoy system be .explained, al
though "for four months I had been
exhausting my vocabulary In attempt
ing to explain the system.".
"It Is very difficult for me to mak
clear to you how the desperation In
which I found myself almost constant
ly during the early months of the war"
Admiral Sims said. "I reiterate there
was no question that these recommen
dations were right. The fact remains
that they were virtually all adopted
in the end." .
A misconception of the problem of
defending the American coast - from
submarine raids was partly responsible
for the failure of the navy department
to act on repeated recommendations
as to operation's abroad during the
early months of the war, the senate In
vestigating' committee was told today
by Rear Admiral Sims.
The officer said that during the first
six months of the war he was told .re
peatedly that operations abroad would
be dependent upon what could be spar
ed from the adequate defense of horn
waters. This policy was adhered to. he
said, despite his efforts to convince of
ficials in Washington that it was th
concensus of allied naval opinion as
well as his own, that the best defense
for the American coast lay in offensive
operations against submarines in the
eastern Atlantic.
As early as April 19, 1917 he said,
and several times thereafter he had
informed the department of the likeli
hood that the enemy submarines would
attempt raids in American waters, "to
divert attention and keep forces out ot
the critical area in the eastern Atlan
tic through effect on public opinion.
Admiral Sims insisted that he had
at no time overlooked or minimized
"the importance of the defense of homo
waters."
ATLANTA STREET
CAR STRIKE OFF
Atlanta. March 12. The street car
service? was resumed here this after
noon when unions voted to accept the
15 per cnt wage increase granted by
the arbitration .board.
it-

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