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THE PENSACOLA JOURNAL, MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 12, 1920
THREE GAS BOILS AT MILE ALTITUDE TESTS MADE BY MAJOR SCHROE DER TEACH AIR SERVICE PER GONAL INTERESTING FACTS. The Air Service Information Bureau has issued a bulletin on phase of Major Schroeder's flight. The infor mation is interestingr to all pilots, ex pilots and internal combustion en gineers. The bulletin. follows: Considerable trouble has been, ex perienced by Mayor Schroder during his big altitude flights on account of the fiilure of his sylphon pump to deliver gasoline to the carburetor at hirh altitudes. Upon installation of the Schroeder flowmeter in the gaso line foed system he discovered boiling of the gasoline at altitudes from 6,000 feet and up. This indicated by bubbles appearing in the glass tube of the flowmeter at about 6,000 feet. These bubttes increasing in number and con sequent failure of the pump Itself. Experiments in the laboratory of the material section, engineering division, reproduced this situation exactly on reducing the pressure on the gasoline to pressures corresponding to atmos pheric pressures at various altitudes, and an analysis of the gasoline by distillation process showed the gaso line to be casing head gasoline rather than straight run. As casing head gasoline has a much lower boiling point than called for by specifica tions Nos. 3511-B covering domestic, 3512 for export, and S513-A for fight ing gasolines, the conclusion was im mediately arrived at that a gasoline havln,r a higher initial .boiling point and consequently conforming more closely to the specifications would stop the boiling that had been experienced. Consequently a gasoline conforming to specification No. 3511-B was ordered from the Sun Oil Company and used by Major Schroeder in his last two fligth.s with no trouble whatever ex perienced due to boiling. The matter of condemning the gasolines used at the field on the ground of not meet ing specifications had been under con sideration for sometime, but had not been decided upon definitely as It was something of an advantage to be. able to uso the ordinary high test gaso line on sale at all filling stations. However, this Instance together with trouble experienced in the dyna mometer laboratory and increasing complaints about exaporation losses at the hangars led to condemnation of the casing head gasolines and im mediately increased the quality of the gasolines to the point where they now meet specifications. The principal lesson drawn from this series of experiences is the wide spread prevalence of an incorrect im pression among air service person nel concerning -the efficiency of the specific gravity test of gasoline. Most all air service . personnel regard a gravity of 65 baume or specific grav ity of .721 as establishing beyond a shadow of a doubt the efficiency and general good qualities of the gaso line. This, however, is not correct as two gasolines, one straight run and the other blended casing head can be given identical specific gravi ties but very different distillation curves, that is to say plotted curves which give the initial boiling points, the final boiling point, and the Inter mediate points. The casing head gaso line will show considerably less power delivered in the motor after It gets there, than does the straight run gaso line. By 'strait run is meant that fraction from a crude petroleum dis tilling off between such points as are designated to constitute the fraction known as gasoline. Inspection of specifications Nos. 3511-B, 3512 and 3513-A, will disclose the fact that specific gravity Is not named as a requirement cf either of the three gasolines but that entire de pendence is placed on the distillation curve. Specific gravity is of value "Poor Man's Lawyer" Has Its First Woman Attorney it i tit .- ; 4 ii 1 m- TO r ; j - s mar?? ! Sis "vv i u , Si 7i ii EGAL advice," said Miss f M Dorothy Frooks, attorney for .the Salvation Army at National Headquarters, New York City, "ought to be given away for the asking. It ought to be dispen sed like religion and medicine." That is the reason why Miss Frooks chooses to cast her legal career with the Salvation Army, to aid that organization in the part of its work in which it serves as "The Poor Man's Lawyer." That is the reason why, armed with a legal degree dated 1918, an admis sion to the bar on which the ink was scarcely dry, twenty-two years of youth and more than ordinary good looks, she opened her office at Salvation Army Head quarters, 122 West Fourteenth Street, New York City. - Miss Frooks has made good. She has untangled many family snarls without resorting to the divorce courts. She has obtained justice for tenement dwellers who have been preyed upon by landlords, installment collectors and loan sharks. She has helped pay off mortgages, settle wills and draw up contracts. It is no uncommon thing for the Salvation Army to receive urgent calls from the poor for legal advice and assistance; and when thecases are worthy the Army obtains competent lawyers and sees that justice is obtained. Attorneys in many cities make it a practice to give their services free to those recommended by the Salvation Army. Miss Frooks is the first,-woman to do so. and the first woman lawyer to "hang out her shingle" with the Armv. only in distlnguis hing between straight run gasolines of the same base ani is of no value whatever in determining the quality of the gaso line unless it is known before hand wether the gasoline is from a paraf fine or asphaltum base, and also that it is straight run gasoline. The dis tillation curve, on the other hand, does give the relative efficiencies of the gasolines and is the only known reasonably short, test which can be used for the purpose. The Mountain Girl as She Is By ERNEST H. EDINGER. For two centuries the hardy dwell ers of the Blue Ridge Mountains, in Virginia and Kentucky, North Caro lina, and Tennessee have formed one of the most picturesque peoples of the nation. Their isolation from the rest of the world, through nature's nat ural barriers of mountains and for ests, has been largely responsible for insufficient school educationl failure of industry and enterprise, prevalence of feuds and "home made" law, accom panied however by deep rooted ideals of sturdy virtue. The girl of the mountains, as you have pictured her from the novels of best known authors and still more re cently from the modern "movie" screen, is a lank, rugged, untutored. 111 dressed girl, a woman before her years. She did all the hard work about the home but otherwise differed little from the men of the country, and she was Just as dangerous a person to trifle with, for of course she "toted" a gun. This conception is all wrong and out of date today and if you would know The Great American Home This is the time. VEi.L BELIEVE M LAST Move. J VJHEkl THELV TAKE- ME OUT OP THIS PLACE. TftEVi-L TAfce me oot ibl A 1 I BB CAREFUL How ) V?i Go ovEd "The. I've GoT h OOfi BESTPtSRES M THAT PA5KETJ CASKET -CLL SAY J j y the mountain girl as she is, you must revise all your previous ideas. Miss Maid of the Elue Ridge is now a sharp, alert, tidy, neatly gowned young person. The same ruddy cheeks and flashing eye with head held high, and the sturdy frame and lithe figure are still hers and will always be, for that Is her heritage. But there is a dash and vim about her that gives her an entirely new character, a pleasing per sonality and one quite as distinctive though different, from her old self. If you chance to see in her favorite regalia, a brown middy blouse and khaki skirt, scarf and olive drab roll hat, you will best appreciate and Im mediately recognize her. She is a Girl Scout. Scouting for girls has been intro duced into the mountains and is spreading like the growing of green grass in spring. In Kentucky and Vir ginia especially has scouting already taken root. Girls are keen for the scouting program of healthful and helpful fun and activity, and parent have accepted it for its worth. In breaking down of the reserve an ! natural aloofness of these girls and in bringing about the group idea of participation in sports and compan ionship, scouting has worked wonders. All that her sister of the city or sub urban town can do. Miss Mountaineer can accomplish and not infrequently excel, for she "catches on" quickly. This is the case at Pine Mt., Marian county. Kentucky, in the heart of the Blue Ridge. Natural physical condi tions have not changed much in the mountains, however, and the magic outward and mental change in the girls Is simply, the product of one big idea scouting. The schools still lack electric light and hot water; thirty miles is, as before, a long day's jour ney, and Baltimore and Washington, as England and the Alps, are "out yonder" In the general direction of the northeast where miles away lies the nearest railway station. There is only the vaguest conception of either the United States or the Kentucky government. At school the girls get up at 5 o'clock in the morning and do the chores and after lessons are finished, engage in the tasks about house and field that Is their lot. And after a day's work the size of which might put to shame the efforts of many a city dweller, the girls find time for a half hour or more of scouting before sup per, and for a whole two hours on Saturday afternoons, when work is finished by 3 o'clock. Bed time Is 8 o'clock sharp, which may account in part for the general health of the girls. What do the city girls think about this. From the small beginning of one troop with a single patrol, less than a year ago there are now several hun dred girls in the region enrolled as scouts, and the movement is still in its Infancy. An interesting description of the life of the district is contained in a letter received last week at national head quarters of the Girl Scouts, 189 Lex ington -ave.. New York City, by Mrs. Jane Deeter Rippin, national director, from Miss Lucretia Garfield, In charge of the Girl Scout work in the Ken tucky mountains. Miss Garfield, from Pine Mountain Settlement School, Pine Mt., Marian Co., in Kentucky, wrote as follows: "The girls here do not have much leisure time but they are keenly en thusiastic about scouting. Every girl in the school of ten years or over haa joined a troop. Our meetings are an inspiration to me. The girls have not had as many years of "school as girls of their ages in other parts of the country, and it is therefore, harder for them to meet the tenderfoot tests. Yet they would not for one moment allow me to make the tests any easier, and as a result the girls are quite up to standard. "You will appreciate that our loca tion makes it harder for the people here to realize their connection with the rest of the country. We are sur rounded by mountains on all sides over which we must climb to reach the out side world. The nearest station is four miles across Pine ML over a steep, rough and dangerous trail, and the nearest town of any size is some ten or twelve miles farther. Most of the children come from places even less accessible, and it i3 therefore not sur prising if to most of them New York and Baltimore, England and the Alps, are all "out yonder" or "away off thre" generally in the direction of the nearest station, which happens to be southwest of here. To be sure the older children are somewhat more en lightened than this and those who have been here for several years have a fairly good theoretical knowledge of the geography of the country and even of their relation to the government aa citizens of the United States. But even so the rest of the country hardly seems real to a child whose experience has taught her that thirty miles Is a good, hard day's trip. "Our daily life is interesting. We rise at 5:30 o'cZock In the morning; that Is to say, most of us do; the girls who are working in the kitchen and the girls and boys who have charge of making fires in the morning have to get up an hour earlier. Breakfast is at 6 and immediately after breakfast every child in the school except those in the lowest grades starts work on his or her particular bit of work about the place. The oldest girls and boys. those in the eighth grade, ranging from about 16 to 20 years, attend school from 7 to 11:45 o'clock and do their manual work all afternoon and for an hour after supper.- The girls of the next lowest grades, up to the age of 16 years work all morning and go to school In the afternoon. Sup per is at 5 and all the dishwashing and other tasks are finished by 7 o'cloek. Then . the. upper grade girls 6tudy until 8 and go to bed. Tou can see that there Is very little time or energy left for anything extra, . "Fortunately there is no school on Saturdays and the girls get through their work about 3 o'clock so that we get about two hours of scouting. Everyone is. eager for the time to come when the children will not work so hard, but until we have a few more modern conveniences, such as electric Y. W. C A. Sets Stage for Community Drama M fx fi ll It J - ; oa ttv. w. ....... 4 LL the world's a "stage" is proving true in a most literal sense The A Y. W. C A. is one of the latest exponents of the drama, and its community oasreants. held in towns and cities all over the country. from Dallas to Denver and from Georgia to Maine, have been a most effective means of arousing community spirit and civic pride.. Dress makers and draftsmen, actresses and artists, carpenters and cornetists unite in putting on the performances. All of the stages of the Y. W. C A. theatres are not as small as this mod?l which Jirs. Donald Pratt, of the Pageantry Department, is building. In the natural amphitheatres from one hundred to two thousand actors take part. Miss Hazel MacKaye, sister of Percy MacKaye, of the Y. W. C is now writing the plot for a Festival to be given at the Sixth Convention of the Young Womens Christian Asociations of America in Cleveland, on the week of April 13, at which twenty-five hundred delegates from this and foreign countries are expected. Ii SERVANTS NO LONGER PO OR INCREASE IN BURGLARY INSUR ANCE REVEALS GROWNG TIM IDITY ON PART OF EMPLOYERS. Xew York, April 10. An increase of 25 per cent in burglary insurance rates' which has just been put into effect has brought to light the fact that employers, made timid by the short age of domestic workers, are tolerating thefts from their wardrobes, and wine cellars in order to retain the few ser vants they have "in captivity." Offi cials of indemnity companies who give this explanation declare that in many cases employers have refused to allow the servants in their households to be Hght and hot water pipes, and more big boys and girls to do the hardest work, the burden on all cannot be lifted. "This is the only school of any size in these mountains for many miles, and as the population Is scattered in small clusters about the creeks, the local council of scouts will probably include all of the mountain district about here." ; questioned about thefts, through fear that they will quit if annoyed. Emboldened by this situation, dis honest servants are reported to be helping themselves to their employers' effects, such as wine, clothing and jewelry. "Servants are privileged characters in the homes of the wealthy through out New York," said the head of one security company. "In, many cases holders of burglary insurance policies have cancelled their claims against the company ratner than to prosecute a guilty servant, knowing that this would mean the loss of his or her ser vices." One Xew York lawyer recently re fused to allow his servants .to be questioned regarding a $1,000 theft, saying: "Don't go near the house. If the maids suspect you, they will leave." One investigator reported a case in which a young servant girl had, in two weeks, disposed of eight cases of champagne and eight cases of whiskey by holding wine parties in the kitchen for her friends and entertaining them with choice liquors from her employ er's private stock. Although the owner knew he could not replace the missing beverages, he refused to prosecute. EURALGIA or Headache rub the forehead and temples with SS6 VICE'S VAPORUl '-YOUR BODYGUARD" - ZO.QQ.kZO SHORT STUBBORN More than seven million barrels of oil are being shipped out of Mexico each month. 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