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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, April 12, 1920, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87062268/1920-04-12/ed-1/seq-3/

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The Air Service Information Bureau
has issued a bulletin on phase of
Major Schroeder's flight. The infor
mation is interestingr to all pilots, ex
pilots and internal combustion en
gineers. The bulletin. follows:
Considerable trouble has been, ex
perienced by Mayor Schroder during
his big altitude flights on account of
the fiilure of his sylphon pump to
deliver gasoline to the carburetor at
hirh altitudes. Upon installation of
the Schroeder flowmeter in the gaso
line foed system he discovered boiling
of the gasoline at altitudes from 6,000
feet and up. This indicated by bubbles
appearing in the glass tube of the
flowmeter at about 6,000 feet. These
bubttes increasing in number and con
sequent failure of the pump Itself.
Experiments in the laboratory of the
material section, engineering division,
reproduced this situation exactly on
reducing the pressure on the gasoline
to pressures corresponding to atmos
pheric pressures at various altitudes,
and an analysis of the gasoline by
distillation process showed the gaso
line to be casing head gasoline rather
than straight run. As casing head
gasoline has a much lower boiling
point than called for by specifica
tions Nos. 3511-B covering domestic,
3512 for export, and S513-A for fight
ing gasolines, the conclusion was im
mediately arrived at that a gasoline
havln,r a higher initial .boiling point
and consequently conforming more
closely to the specifications would stop
the boiling that had been experienced.
Consequently a gasoline conforming to
specification No. 3511-B was ordered
from the Sun Oil Company and used
by Major Schroeder in his last two
fligth.s with no trouble whatever ex
perienced due to boiling. The matter
of condemning the gasolines used at
the field on the ground of not meet
ing specifications had been under con
sideration for sometime, but had not
been decided upon definitely as It was
something of an advantage to be. able
to uso the ordinary high test gaso
line on sale at all filling stations.
However, this Instance together
with trouble experienced in the dyna
mometer laboratory and increasing
complaints about exaporation losses
at the hangars led to condemnation of
the casing head gasolines and im
mediately increased the quality of the
gasolines to the point where they now
meet specifications.
The principal lesson drawn from this
series of experiences is the wide
spread prevalence of an incorrect im
pression among air service person
nel concerning -the efficiency of the
specific gravity test of gasoline. Most
all air service . personnel regard a
gravity of 65 baume or specific grav
ity of .721 as establishing beyond a
shadow of a doubt the efficiency and
general good qualities of the gaso
line. This, however, is not correct
as two gasolines, one straight run
and the other blended casing head
can be given identical specific gravi
ties but very different distillation
curves, that is to say plotted curves
which give the initial boiling points,
the final boiling point, and the Inter
mediate points. The casing head gaso
line will show considerably less power
delivered in the motor after It gets
there, than does the straight run gaso
line. By 'strait run is meant that
fraction from a crude petroleum dis
tilling off between such points as are
designated to constitute the fraction
known as gasoline.
Inspection of specifications Nos.
3511-B, 3512 and 3513-A, will disclose
the fact that specific gravity Is not
named as a requirement cf either of
the three gasolines but that entire de
pendence is placed on the distillation
curve. Specific gravity is of value
"Poor Man's Lawyer" Has
Its First Woman Attorney
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ii EGAL advice," said Miss
f M Dorothy Frooks, attorney
for .the Salvation Army at
National Headquarters, New York
City, "ought to be given away for
the asking. It ought to be dispen
sed like religion and medicine."
That is the reason why Miss
Frooks chooses to cast her legal
career with the Salvation Army, to
aid that organization in the part
of its work in which it serves as
"The Poor Man's Lawyer." That
is the reason why, armed with a
legal degree dated 1918, an admis
sion to the bar on which the ink
was scarcely dry, twenty-two
years of youth and more than
ordinary good looks, she opened
her office at Salvation Army Head
quarters, 122 West Fourteenth
Street, New York City.
- Miss Frooks has made good. She
has untangled many family snarls
without resorting to the divorce
courts. She has obtained justice
for tenement dwellers who have
been preyed upon by landlords,
installment collectors and loan
sharks. She has helped pay off
mortgages, settle wills and draw
up contracts.
It is no uncommon thing for
the Salvation Army to receive
urgent calls from the poor for
legal advice and assistance; and
when thecases are worthy the
Army obtains competent lawyers
and sees that justice is obtained.
Attorneys in many cities make
it a practice to give their services
free to those recommended by the
Salvation Army. Miss Frooks is
the first,-woman to do so. and the
first woman lawyer to "hang out
her shingle" with the Armv.
only in distlnguis hing between
straight run gasolines of the same
base ani is of no value whatever in
determining the quality of the gaso
line unless it is known before hand
wether the gasoline is from a paraf
fine or asphaltum base, and also that
it is straight run gasoline. The dis
tillation curve, on the other hand,
does give the relative efficiencies of
the gasolines and is the only known
reasonably short, test which can be
used for the purpose.
The Mountain Girl as She Is
For two centuries the hardy dwell
ers of the Blue Ridge Mountains, in
Virginia and Kentucky, North Caro
lina, and Tennessee have formed one
of the most picturesque peoples of the
nation. Their isolation from the rest
of the world, through nature's nat
ural barriers of mountains and for
ests, has been largely responsible for
insufficient school educationl failure of
industry and enterprise, prevalence of
feuds and "home made" law, accom
panied however by deep rooted ideals
of sturdy virtue.
The girl of the mountains, as you
have pictured her from the novels of
best known authors and still more re
cently from the modern "movie"
screen, is a lank, rugged, untutored. 111
dressed girl, a woman before her years.
She did all the hard work about the
home but otherwise differed little from
the men of the country, and she was
Just as dangerous a person to trifle
with, for of course she "toted" a gun.
This conception is all wrong and out
of date today and if you would know
The Great American Home
This is the
time. VEi.L
Move. J
TAfce me oot ibl A
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V?i Go ovEd "The.
I've GoT h
the mountain girl as she is, you must
revise all your previous ideas. Miss
Maid of the Elue Ridge is now a
sharp, alert, tidy, neatly gowned young
person. The same ruddy cheeks and
flashing eye with head held high, and
the sturdy frame and lithe figure are
still hers and will always be, for that
Is her heritage. But there is a dash
and vim about her that gives her an
entirely new character, a pleasing per
sonality and one quite as distinctive
though different, from her old self.
If you chance to see in her favorite
regalia, a brown middy blouse and
khaki skirt, scarf and olive drab roll
hat, you will best appreciate and Im
mediately recognize her. She is a
Girl Scout.
Scouting for girls has been intro
duced into the mountains and is
spreading like the growing of green
grass in spring. In Kentucky and Vir
ginia especially has scouting already
taken root. Girls are keen for the
scouting program of healthful and
helpful fun and activity, and parent
have accepted it for its worth.
In breaking down of the reserve an !
natural aloofness of these girls and
in bringing about the group idea of
participation in sports and compan
ionship, scouting has worked wonders.
All that her sister of the city or sub
urban town can do. Miss Mountaineer
can accomplish and not infrequently
excel, for she "catches on" quickly.
This is the case at Pine Mt., Marian
county. Kentucky, in the heart of the
Blue Ridge. Natural physical condi
tions have not changed much in the
mountains, however, and the magic
outward and mental change in the
girls Is simply, the product of one big
idea scouting. The schools still lack
electric light and hot water; thirty
miles is, as before, a long day's jour
ney, and Baltimore and Washington,
as England and the Alps, are "out
yonder" In the general direction of
the northeast where miles away lies
the nearest railway station. There is
only the vaguest conception of either
the United States or the Kentucky
At school the girls get up at 5
o'clock in the morning and do the
chores and after lessons are finished,
engage in the tasks about house and
field that Is their lot. And after a
day's work the size of which might put
to shame the efforts of many a city
dweller, the girls find time for a half
hour or more of scouting before sup
per, and for a whole two hours on
Saturday afternoons, when work is
finished by 3 o'clock. Bed time Is 8
o'clock sharp, which may account in
part for the general health of the girls.
What do the city girls think about
From the small beginning of one
troop with a single patrol, less than a
year ago there are now several hun
dred girls in the region enrolled as
scouts, and the movement is still in its
An interesting description of the life
of the district is contained in a letter
received last week at national head
quarters of the Girl Scouts, 189 Lex
ington -ave.. New York City, by Mrs.
Jane Deeter Rippin, national director,
from Miss Lucretia Garfield, In charge
of the Girl Scout work in the Ken
tucky mountains. Miss Garfield, from
Pine Mountain Settlement School,
Pine Mt., Marian Co., in Kentucky,
wrote as follows:
"The girls here do not have much
leisure time but they are keenly en
thusiastic about scouting. Every girl
in the school of ten years or over haa
joined a troop. Our meetings are
an inspiration to me. The girls have
not had as many years of "school as
girls of their ages in other parts of the
country, and it is therefore, harder for
them to meet the tenderfoot tests. Yet
they would not for one moment allow
me to make the tests any easier, and
as a result the girls are quite up to
"You will appreciate that our loca
tion makes it harder for the people
here to realize their connection with
the rest of the country. We are sur
rounded by mountains on all sides over
which we must climb to reach the out
side world. The nearest station is four
miles across Pine ML over a steep,
rough and dangerous trail, and the
nearest town of any size is some ten
or twelve miles farther. Most of the
children come from places even less
accessible, and it i3 therefore not sur
prising if to most of them New York
and Baltimore, England and the Alps,
are all "out yonder" or "away off
thre" generally in the direction of
the nearest station, which happens to
be southwest of here. To be sure the
older children are somewhat more en
lightened than this and those who
have been here for several years have
a fairly good theoretical knowledge of
the geography of the country and even
of their relation to the government aa
citizens of the United States. But
even so the rest of the country hardly
seems real to a child whose experience
has taught her that thirty miles Is a
good, hard day's trip.
"Our daily life is interesting. We
rise at 5:30 o'cZock In the morning;
that Is to say, most of us do; the girls
who are working in the kitchen and
the girls and boys who have charge of
making fires in the morning have to
get up an hour earlier. Breakfast is at
6 and immediately after breakfast
every child in the school except those
in the lowest grades starts work on
his or her particular bit of work about
the place. The oldest girls and boys.
those in the eighth grade, ranging
from about 16 to 20 years, attend
school from 7 to 11:45 o'clock and do
their manual work all afternoon and
for an hour after supper.- The girls
of the next lowest grades, up to the
age of 16 years work all morning and
go to school In the afternoon. Sup
per is at 5 and all the dishwashing
and other tasks are finished by 7
o'cloek. Then . the. upper grade girls
6tudy until 8 and go to bed. Tou can
see that there Is very little time or
energy left for anything extra, .
"Fortunately there is no school on
Saturdays and the girls get through
their work about 3 o'clock so that we
get about two hours of scouting.
Everyone is. eager for the time to come
when the children will not work so
hard, but until we have a few more
modern conveniences, such as electric
Y. W. C A. Sets Stage for Community Drama
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4 LL the world's a "stage" is proving true in a most literal sense The
Y. W. C A. is one of the latest exponents of the drama, and its
community oasreants. held in towns and cities all over the country.
from Dallas to Denver and from Georgia to Maine, have been a most
effective means of arousing community spirit and civic pride.. Dress
makers and draftsmen, actresses and artists, carpenters and cornetists
unite in putting on the performances.
All of the stages of the Y. W. C A. theatres are not as small as this
mod?l which Jirs. Donald Pratt, of the Pageantry Department, is building.
In the natural amphitheatres from one hundred to two thousand actors take
part. Miss Hazel MacKaye, sister of Percy MacKaye, of the Y. W. C
is now writing the plot for a Festival to be given at the Sixth Convention
of the Young Womens Christian Asociations of America in Cleveland, on
the week of April 13, at which twenty-five hundred delegates from this and
foreign countries are expected.
Xew York, April 10. An increase of
25 per cent in burglary insurance rates'
which has just been put into effect
has brought to light the fact that
employers, made timid by the short
age of domestic workers, are tolerating
thefts from their wardrobes, and wine
cellars in order to retain the few ser
vants they have "in captivity." Offi
cials of indemnity companies who give
this explanation declare that in many
cases employers have refused to allow
the servants in their households to be
Hght and hot water pipes, and more
big boys and girls to do the hardest
work, the burden on all cannot be
"This is the only school of any size
in these mountains for many miles,
and as the population Is scattered in
small clusters about the creeks, the
local council of scouts will probably
include all of the mountain district
about here." ;
questioned about thefts, through fear
that they will quit if annoyed.
Emboldened by this situation, dis
honest servants are reported to be
helping themselves to their employers'
effects, such as wine, clothing and
"Servants are privileged characters
in the homes of the wealthy through
out New York," said the head of one
security company. "In, many cases
holders of burglary insurance policies
have cancelled their claims against the
company ratner than to prosecute a
guilty servant, knowing that this
would mean the loss of his or her ser
vices." One Xew York lawyer recently re
fused to allow his servants .to be
questioned regarding a $1,000 theft,
saying: "Don't go near the house. If
the maids suspect you, they will
One investigator reported a case in
which a young servant girl had, in two
weeks, disposed of eight cases of
champagne and eight cases of whiskey
by holding wine parties in the kitchen
for her friends and entertaining them
with choice liquors from her employ
er's private stock. Although the
owner knew he could not replace the
missing beverages, he refused to prosecute.
or Headache
rub the forehead
and temples with
More than seven million barrels of oil
are being shipped out of Mexico each
Made to Grow
Long, Straight,
Soft and Silky
by using
A Guaranteed Hair Cmrcr. Renvrrw dmn
druff. Feeds tho rooU of th hair. Etop
failing hair at cue. Claana tha acai.
Prle 2So by mail on rooetpt of
ataccra or coin. AGENTS WANTED
Writ fir mm IImmIm
f the u u r r o
tin) LureJ muJ
23S A MonTTH
MP f UOT me!
lit Koye. ovt!
Move OUT
ITl!! Atk RIGHT H Wvepwe me. Ask Voo, vm at IMM
Wlt W AflfH -rr'-r OUT of HER&m sipe. y
- - It zrVr-Aa.

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