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Rally against Iynchings heie Monday
THE CHICAGO Plight of 'Poor GM’ moves workers to take attion General Motors’ employees at the big electromotive diesel works were deeply touched this week, as they read of the sad plight of the corporation being “forced” to seek a price in crease of SIOO per car. Immediately taking up a col-, lection in the shop, AI Rubio, Bob Ezydorski, Dino Pellegri ni, dames Burton, and Ray Ser go gathered 87 cents, which they sent to GM president C. E. Wilson “to help tide you over”. The GM workers indicated v : Hit Lichfield farce The Chicago area executive committee of the American Vet erans Committee yesterday pro tested the “shanghaiing” back to. the United States Os Capt. Earl J. Carroll, former Lichfield dention camp trial prosecutor, and called for a full-scale congressional in vestigation of Army and Navy disciplinary camps. Citing Capt, Carroll’s courage ous fight to bring the spotlight of public attention to bear on Army abuses of the court-martial system, the committee called the ordering back of Carroll to the United States "another move of Sandra has sawdust, not ants. In her pants Sandra Witkowski, age 1, lias no* ants in her pants. She has sawdust. It makes her cry. Her mother, Mrs. Helen Witkowski, of 825 N. Wood St„ appeared this week before the City Zoning Board of Appeals to try to stop the Duncan Meter Co. from building an addition $ to its wood-working plant. “My Ijaby takes a lot of diapers”, said Mrs. Witkowski. “I have to hang them up in the yard, and when I take them down they're full of sawdust. “Sometimes it gets so bad that it seems to be raining saw dust on a sunny day.” \ ; ' . ' A; sirnt ** nn From Page 1 committed treason to the United States of America, betraying his country when it was at war and fighting for its life. He could be found in all lay ers of society. Sometimes he was a newspaper magnate, tipping off the enemy to ■ plans of a battle. Sometimes he belonged to a shirt organization, plotting to set up a local Hitler. Sometimes, he was an editorial writer, slandering -our wartime president and commander in chief. Sometimes, he ran a filthy little newspaper, copying Nazi propaganda off the airwaves. And sometimes, he sold secrets to the enemy. Once, indeed, an effort was made at a mass trial, but these were the little fish, and even that case was thrown out of court. *■ # * (B) The foreign traitor who seeks refuge. He, too, is varied in origin. Sometimes he is a Rus sian soldier, called to the front, deserting the field of battle, out of cowardice. Sometimes, he Is a fiictator’s right hand man; his country has thrown out the fascists, so he that they were confused to hear that the giant corpora tion’s operation was unprofit able, since they had read the day before that GM had in creased its assets valuation by over half a billion dollars since January Ist, 1945. Apologizing for offering Mr. Wilson such a small sum, the workers explained that they were laid off three days last week “while GM counted up its assets during inven tory”. high officers to whitewash fellow officers who either through neg i lect, dereliction or incompetence ■ permitted these abuses to exist." in calling for the investigation, i. the committee said that Carroll’s charges of abuses by the military of the court - martial system is amply substantiated by a com parison of the sentences given Sgt. Judson H. Smith and Col. James A. Killian, commander of the 10th Reinforcement depot at : Lichfield, England, i Smith, a prisoner, was given 1 three years of hard labor and a : dishonorable discharge while Kil ; lian was fined SSOO and re ’ primanded. takes refuge here. Sometimes, he is a dirty little international thief, but because he is willing to malign honest men, we give him refuge. Usually, he writes a book, or lends his name to a ghost-written book, giving the so-called "inside dope” about his native land. The book is lies and filth, but it goes, and he ends up with a fat maga zine or newspaper contract. * * # (C) The third type of traitor is more complex. He too sells out his country and humanity, but he does it under the guise of fighting Communism. He might have been a member of the Communist Party for a month or two. That gives him ac cess to inside dope. Or he might have visited Russia at one time or another, which gives him the background to be a professional anti-Sovieteer. Almost always, he has been a radical of one sort or another, §md he operates now as a dis illusioned martyr who has seen his principles betrayed. He turns up at literary cocktail parties. Middle-aged, frustrated women love him, and he warms their beds regularly and weeps about his lost ideals on their shoulders. * * # He writes for the Social Demo- National leaders are flying to Chicago to speak at the giant downtown demonstration against lynchings in Dixie and race violence on the south side to be held Monday, Sept. 16 at 5 p. m. on the corner of State and Madison Streets. Michael Quill, president of thci United Transport Workers Un j ion, Rev. Malcolm Cotton Dobbs, executive secretary of the Ala j bama section of the Southern j Conference for Human Welfare and Canada Lee, noted actor, will be featured together with lo cal civic and union spokesmen. Sponsored by the Chicago Citi zens Committee Against Lynch ing, an organization composed of 50 religious, union and civic groups, the rally will demand ac tion from the federal government to stop the current wave of race terror which has killed 11 Ne groes in Southern states within the past t\yo months. # * * THE demonstration comes on the heels of a new outbreak of vandalism against Negroes and Mexicans in Chicago where more than 50 homes of colored citizens have been bombed or burned in the past year. Already a city-wide event, the demonstration climaxes a num ber of community protest meet ing held after the massacre of two Negro couples in Monroe, Ga. The Committee has issued spe cial invitations to Southern clubs and fraternities in the city. Thej Rev. Verle Blair of the Church of Our Master has sent out a special call, to a white churches to participate in the demonstra tion. .... #, # # LOCAL leaders who will spark plug the meeting, the first of its kind in the city, include key speakers Aid. George B. Kells of the 28th ward, Sam Parks of the United Packinghouse Workers of America, and Mrs. Rebecca Styles Taylor of the Chicago Northern District Ass. of Colored Women’s Clubs. Mayor Edward J. Kelly has been invited to become a sponsor of the event by the Committee which complimented him on the resolution against lynch terror and the Ku Klux Klan which he introduced into the City Coun cil. The Committee pointed out to the mayor the “particular ap propriateness of State and Madi son Streets, the world's busiest corner” as a site for an anti lynch demonstration by compar ing the bond rallies held here to raise money to fight fascism dur ing the war. crat and Trotskyite rags, but that is a sideline, a labor of love. His big money comes from the Boss Press, the great newspaper and magazine chains. Every one of them must have their own pri vate renegade, and some have a whole string of professional traitors. It pays well; some of these characters earn from fifty to one hundred thousand dollars a year. This, of course, is the real Judas Type, who has sold his soul to the devil, and who con stantly reiterates those old and weary Judas Words, ‘'Christ be trayed Christianity—the Soviet Union has betrayed socialism.” But the space I have at my disposal is near used up, and I have only begun the catalogue. At some later date, I’ll talk of those who betray labor from within, of those who wear the name of liberal and betray ev erything dear to men of good will. Quantitatively, treason has in creased, but the traitor runs to type. If he ever decides to form a society, I would suggest a name: “The Thirty Pieces of Silver Club." Anti-Negro terror mounts in Ist Ward MRS. Mattie Calhoun, above, htfd to jump from the third floor when her home at 249 Alexander Street went up in flames August 31st. The blaze, worst of a series of deliberately-set incendiary fires in the First Ward, came after repeated threats to Negro residents of the area by hoodlums bent on driving them out of the area. Rape, arson, and murder thn a terrorist move to drive Negro : worth district of the First Ward, v to cover what may develop into i • • * Negro-hating hoodlums have terrorized residents of the neigh borhood for more than a year, without any police action. The law was forced to make a stand last week, however, when Fire Atty. Earl Downes began investi gating incendiary fires that have swept a dozen Negro occupied homes in the crowded slum. Now, uniformed Negro officers are patrolling the area from 22nd St., to 24th St., west of Wentworth Ave., 24 hours a day. The investigation, which show ed evidence of an organized ter ror campaign to drive Negro voters from the patronage-rich ward began after a fire early Au gust 31, in which six persons were injured. Residents of the community, too terror-stricken to permit use of their names, re vealed that continuous threats have been made against them. They credited the threats to “gangsters”, who ordered them to move, or be burned out. # * * BEFORE the scope of the anti- Negro pogrom extended to the field of politics, where Demo crats and Republicans have long vied for control of the ward, sus picion pointed to Mary “Ange lina” Ellis. Mrs. Ellis, owner of most of the buildings in which fires have occurred, has an un savory reputation with police. She was under investigation as an arson suspect, several years ago, but was cleared. She was ruled out as a current suspect, however, on the basis of the huge profits she makes from renting. Mrs. Ellis rents exclu sively to Negroes, and charges $lO a week for one and a half room cubby holes, without heat or sanitary facilities. Her proper ty is in bad repair and most apartments are fire traps. For a time, officials sought to credit a revenge motive, because Mrs. Ellis has been threatened several times by persons she re fuses to name. This possibility was ruled out as a major factor Friday morning, when two men ■eats were combined last week in families from, the crowded Went while police officials vainly sought a major political scandal. raped Mrs. Charles Johnson in her apartment at 329 W. 22nd pi., and threatened her with death if she did not move. The building she lives in is owned by a Chi nese. THE MEN described by Mrs. Johnson as a Mexican and an Italian, forced their way into her apartment at gun point early Friday morning when no police men were on duty in the area. They searched her belongings, claiming they were looking for weapons. After ransacking the apartment, the men raped Mrs. Johnson, and attempted to rape her 16 year old daughter Laura, who was with her. Before they left, the attackers warned Mrs. Johnson to move or be burned out. They told her they intended to clear the neighbor hood of Negroes. Those they do not burn out, they threatened to kill. Mrs. Johnson’s husband came home before the rapists left, and they forced him to ac company them to the street, threatening to shoot him. They then fled the scene in opposite directions. Following Mrs. Johnson’s com plaint, Captain Doyle of the third police district doubled the guard over the area, SINCE Pearl Harbor, there has been an influx of Negroes into the troubled area. Although many families have lived there for 20 years, major disturbances only began since V-J day. Residents feel that a great change in the voting population would upset the delicate political balance in the ward which is so arranged that Republicans hold many : state offices, while the alderman is a Democrat. Many jesidents feel that hood lums are being used locally to maintain this balance through terroristic acts. Daily, families are moving from the neighbor hood, despite the doubled police guards. Most of thefn feel that the terror wave will begin again, as soon as the police details are removed.