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is a beautiful city nly for the wealthy The Tribune says, "You don't have to be a millionaire to enjoy Chicago," but the Star finds that it helps in view of the discriminatory distribution of park and playground facili ties. r , 'i This is the second article in the series by Sol Margolis on —J Chicago’s “step-child” neigh borhoods. to be a millionaire to take ad our vantage of the features that make it a great summer and autumn resort,” brayed the I ?g voice of the millionaire, the i V_ Chicago Tribune, in a recent editorial defending tlie place ‘ ment of the city’s public fa the cillties. tter Ordinary people in Chicago,” said the Trib,' “can stay home and enjoy equally fine facilities in the public parks.” ime * * * lare THE AGENCIES who distri ,cen bute these fine facilities 43 fig. swimming pools, 90 fieldhouses, a 214 skating areas, 417 soft ball ■ath diamonds, 579 tennis courts, and 27 running tracks didn’t have ordinary people in mind, ive In 1940 at least 10% of 75 com fween the needy. r . Fear is at the door of .. . and the things they need IBBafe'gff:idiipj ( The number is Dearborn 3050 Are you registered? Better make sure. Call up now. Don’t take a chance by waiting till the last minute. + The number is DEArborn 3050. Give your name and address, and check up. DEArborn 3050. * munity areas—mainly in low-in come neighborhoods had no parks or supervised playgrounds; about 33 percent had no field many American homes Chester B o w I e s' inventory of America reveals the uneven-ness of our "poverty and plenty" economy, but fails to point the solution. By Labor Research Assn. IN a chapter in his recent book, “Tomorrow Without Fear,” (Si mon & Schuster, sl.) Chester Bowles presents an illuminating survey of the low living stand ards of America in the prewar period. One of every three Americans “just didn’t have enough to eat”; one out of four was living in slums; fewer than half of our children finished high school; two out of five men inducted in- - to the service failed army and navy physical exams. house or facilities for bathing and about 50 percent lacked li brary branches. Controllers of the city’s recrea tional facilities are the Chicago Park* District; the Municipal Bureau of Parks, Recreation and Aviation and the Bureau of Rec reation of the Board of' Educa tion. ■ Tied tightly to Republican and Democratic machines they an swer first the tugs from aider men and ward committeemen in the “saver spoon” communities. The slum - area chieftains scramble over what’s left. The Big Three are jealous of their jurisdictions and have dodged demands of civic organ izations that they coordinate their plans. # * * THEY ignored the findings of a recent Citizens* Committee, ap pointed to investigate their op erations, which proposed that the agencies "cooperate in develop- In Bowles’ own words: “The good things of life, the oppor tunities for free and full living, were enjoyed by a very smail part of our people.” * * * HE reports that under the free dom of “free enterprise” the low est third of our population in 1940 lived in “really pitiable cir cumstances,” the middle third lived twice as well but still “did not share in the things that go to make up a ‘real American standard of living'.” Even the up per third, where comfortable liv ing standards did prevail for families at the top, included other families who lived only “on the fringe of the better things of life.” For the unemployed, at least 8 million of them in 1940 their situation can scarcely be describ ed as the “freedom to do or not to do.” Bowles’ outline of economic conditions in this country before the war is of particular value in dispersing any illusions that may have arisen on the basis of the so-called wartime bonanza and current postwar boom. « * » LIKE other New Deal writers, Bowles attributes most of our economic maladjustments to the small amount, or absence, of pur chasing power. Therefore, his so lution consists of government J' ' 'i 1 1 ing a master plan which will pro vide maximum facilities in rela tion to the location of housing, schools and parks.” The Committee pointed out that there existed “no coordina tion in planning, location of play facilities, programs or personnel between the three agencies.” In 1937 it had a valuation of $172,313,831.02, according to the Chicago Recreation Commission. Since then its value has been nearly doubled. Operating under state legisla tion the Park District is a city within itself. It levies its own taxes, issues its own bonds and generally governs itself. Its controlling board consists of five park commissioners ap pointed by the Mayor. This board is composed of a President, James H. Gately, also director ot the Pullman Trust and Savings Bank and president of the “Peo ple’s Store” in Roseland. * * * THE OTHER commissioners are William L. McFetridge, pres ident of the Building Service Em ployees International Union; Jac ob L. Arvey, Cook County chair man of the Democratic party; Stephan Witmanski and Robert Dunham, ex-vice-president of Ar mour and Co. planning and spending to keep the wheels of industry turning. In addition, he calls for a stand ard New Deal economic program of high purchasing power, high wages, maximum free competi tion, extended social security, tax revision, better housing, foster ing of foreign trade and assist ance to farmers. Purified “free enterprise”: All the improvements demanded by Bowles, he believes, can be ef fected through a purified and re formed capitalism. The bad rec ord that “free enterprise” wrote before the war has not shaken his faith in this economic con cept. * * • HE does not seem to see that ownership, of say, General Mo tors, puts a man in a different economic status from the man who works on the assembly line living by the sweat of his brow. Next in power to the Park Dis- f trict is the Municipal Bureau of ! Parks, Recreation and Aviation H which had a 1937 evaluation of B $4,209,991.82. OF THE Big Three the Chicago '• Park District is the largest. Created by a city ordinance It % is controlled by the City Council’s B Committee on Parks, Recreation ij and Aviation and operated by the if Department of Public Works. j§ Chairman of the Committee is H Alderman John J. Grealis, who j looks after his business as ass's- fj tant secretary of the American fl Propeller Corp., and the Aviation f§ Corp., when not looking after the J city’s recreational facilities. # * * SMALLEST of the agencies is j the Bureau of Recreation of the B Board of Education. Subject to fl the same limitations as the d Board of Education, the Bureau ■ is headed by Herman J. Fisher, f§ a Kelly appointee. To keep these agencies from J overlapping, the Chicago Recrea- f tion Commission was appointed gj by the Mayor to recommend B changes. To map out a city plan fl a special Chicago Plan Commis- jg sion was also appointed by Kel S iy- The Plan Commission, which B has already made recommenda- « tion which are a marvel in detail B and provisions for better living, J looks forward to 1965 when Chi cago will be the “city of the m future.” Meanwhile, children who live 1 outside the favored communi- % ties, must take recreation % where they find it —in alleys, 1 dumps, vacant lots and squalid I slums. Our national income is divided between profits and wages. Dur ing the war the share of wages as a percent of private produc tion stood still while corporate profits doubled. Despite this fact the profit-makers are now rais ing heaven and earth to get more profits. They are going to con tinue to oppose just as bitterly as ever, every attempt of the workers to increase their wages. At the same time they resort lo such crude measures as the de struction of price control which is the equivalent of a nationwide wage cut. Labor can agree with Mr. Bowles in desiring an economy of full employment and a na tional gross product of over S2OO billion. But it is certain that the “very small part of our people who enjoy the opportunities for full and free living” will oppose every measure that cuts into their profits.