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Not one—but two new fare boosts planned! Chicago’s straphangers are facing not one fare increase—but two separate fare boosts! If the two proposed fare increases are approved by the banker-dominated Transit Board, the public will start paying at least 13 cents for a street car ride and 15 cents on the elevated by July 1. The Transit Board, which manages the Chicago Transit Authority, has the power to raise fares without a public hearing. It doesn't even have to prove that an increase is necessary. Already Chicago transit fares are the highest in the entire country, with the street cars charging 11 cents and the “L” lines de manding 13 cents for a ride on slow, outdated, uncomfortable, and inconvenient systems. Philip Harrington, Transit Board chair man, proposed the two fare boosts this week, claiming that “new equipment . . . has used THE CHICAGO STAR, JUNE 12, 1948 City ownership brings top wages to transit workers The contract now in negotia tion between the Amalgamated Assn, of Street, Electric Railway and Motor Coach Employees <AFL) and the Chicago Transit Authority will give Chicago trac tion workers the highest wage scales for such work in any city of the U. S. Some points of the new agree ment will go to arbitration, but the new wage scales have already been approved by the CTA. These will raise the hourly rates Os motormen from the $1.34 now paid them to $1.47. Conductors will be increased from $1.29 to $1.42, towermen from $1.40 to $1.53, and ticket agents from $1.12 to $1.25. The Amalgamated, which has refused to comply with the Taft- Hartley Act on principle, is also seeking a maintenance otf mem bership clause through dues check-off. Under the new con tract, Chicago traction workers will become eligible for S6O monthly pensions on reaching 65, Expose State Dept, hoax to scare visitors to Poland Chicago’s large Polish-Ameri can community—largest in the world —was the intended victim of the latest hoax of the U. S. State Dept, in its “cold war” against Poland and the other new democracies of eastern Europe. The State Dept, issued a re port May 25 claiming that the Polish government might force li CWTitti aim puDnsned WEEKLY by The Chicago Star Publishing Co., Inc.. 166 West Washington Street, Chicago 2. 111. Phone RANdolph 0580. Cable address: Chistar Frank M. Davis Executive Editor Carl Hirsch Managing Editor WUHam Sennett General Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATES (Except Canada and foreign) 1 Year $2,001 1 Entered as second class matter' June 25, 1946 at the post office at Chicago, 111., under the Act of March 3. 1879. Postal regulations require that all new subscriptions for military personnel stationed overseas must be accompanied by a written request from the person to whom the subscription is directed. up (CTA’s) cash resources.” There are at least real reasons for Har rington’s proposal. CTA’s funds are being drained by big investment bankers, who are admittedly getting “the highest interest paid anywhere in the country” on the CTA bonds they handled. And the CTA is probably the only mu nicipally-owned transit system which is re quired to be self-sustaining while spending millions for new equipment which should have bee'n purchased over the years by the former owners. The bankers didn’t want CTA to have any taxing power. Since last summer, street car fares have increased more than 37%, while "L" fares have gone up 30%. Street car fares rose from 8 to 9 cents under private ownership, and from 9 to 10 and later to 11 cents under CTA. In the same period of time—less than a year—“L” fares have been increased from 10 to 13 cents. providing they have worked on the Chicago transit system far 20 years. All workers are eligible for two-week vacations after work ing on the system for one year. This increases to three weeks after 20 years. In the case of the disability pension of SSO set up under the new contract, work ers are eligible after ten years. All workers are credited with a $1,250 insurance policy. The CTA group health plan pays workers S2O per week after the first three days’ absence due to illness, up to a limit of 26 weeks. A SI,OOO policy is also carried for pensioners. Other new contract benefits include a 30- minute relay rest period after four hours work, a night differ ential df five cents per hour, and complete seniority rules. Insurance, pensions, group health plan and vacations are paid for by the CTA, without salary deductions. American Poles visiting Poland to remain there, on the grounds that children bom anywhere to Polish parents are Polish citizens. Some 20,000 such cases are in dispute, the State Dept, claimed. * * * THE facts, made public by the Polish Ministry of Foreign Af fairs, exposed the State Dept.’s falsehood so completely that even Irving Pflaum, anti-Soyiet for eign “expert” of the Sun-Times, was forced to accuse the State Dept, of “an attitude . . . that’s dangerous and bad.” The facts: There were 63 cases in dispute, not 20.000. The Polish government itself eliminated 24 cases by deciding that the indi viduals were not Polish citizens. Furthermore, the Polish gov ernment was not challenging the U. S. citizenship of Polish-Ameri cans travelling on U. S. pass ports. The disputed cases in volved Poles born in the U. S., taken to Poland as children, who had never registered as foreign ers in Poland but had taken part in Polish life as Polish citizens. The U. S. attempt to deceive Polish-Americans caused even Pflaum to comment that "it sug gests a desire in the Stale Dept, to play power politics at the ex pense of truth and the American people's right to be correctly in formed by their public servants." Anti-fascist vets asked to file as foreign agents' Veterans of the Abraham Lin coln Brigade who fought fascism in Spain have been ordered by the U. S. Department of Justice to register as “foreign agents” for continuing on American soil the battle against tyranny to which many gave their lives. In a letter to the New York headquarters of the Brigade, Wil liam E. Foley, acting chief of the department’s foreign agents reg istration section, said in part: “Information received by this Department indicates that the Veterans of the Abraham Lin coln Brigade is engaging in ac tivities within the U. S. which require its registration with this Department under the terms of the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended. * * « "IT APPEARS that the Brig Godspeed MEMBERS of the 80th Con gress this week were happily looking toward ad journment. But nobody could be happier about adjournment than the long-suffering Ameri can public. From the angle of labor’s rights, civil liberties, the war danger and the American pock etbook, this undoubtedly will have been the costliest Con gress on record. On the plus side, the record is minus. And so to homeward-bound congressmen, the people could well say, “Godspeed,” and think whatever profaner thoughts they wanted to. Shutdown Down in Birmingham, Ala., the Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Co.’s six big coal mines were shut down tight this week. James H. Terry, United Mine Workers’ representative, said he didn’t know when the miners would go back to work. They quit work in protest over the fatal shooting of a fellow miner, C. L. Butler, a Negro, who was killed by coun ty deputies. New Model THE Ford (“Wage Cut”) Motor Co unveiled its 1949 prices this week, and they range from SBS to $125 higher. The new Ford itself goes on City council defers school Yed-hunt' The City Council committee on schools was expected to vote this week on whether to take up where the Chicago-Herald American left off in its read smear of Miss Emilie Noack, Senn High School civics teacher. Earlier action on the investi gation had been deferred until the scheduled Wednesday meet ing of the Board of Education. Supt. Harold C. Hunt was to amplify earlier statements that after a 10-day investigation by the board he found “nothing to sustain the charges, made by the Herald-American.” The committee’s vote to defer was taken after Aids. Frank Keenan (49th) and Robert E. Merriam (sth) argued against ade has been soliciting funds within the U. S. on behalf of the underground Spanish trade un ion movement and such activity constitutes the Brigade as an agent of a foreign principal, with in the meaning of the Act.” Chicago’s Herman Bottcher Post of the Vets replied: "In the last ten years we have worked continuously and publicly against Franco and can only con sider this request, made at this time, as pretty clumsy camou flage for the real purpose of the aetion, which is to cripple the anti-Franco movement in our country. “We are not foreign agents. “We are Americans proud of having fought fascism in two wars. We are anti-Franco and believe that most Americans support the Spanish anti-fas public display June 18—three days after wage negotiations get under way with the United Auto Workers. It makes sense to assume that with prices up, Ford workers will be readily granted the 30- cewts an hodr they are asking. And yet something tells us that Henry Ford II has no such thing in mind. Something wrong' SOMEONE remarked that the recent stories about the adventures of Gl’s and at tractive Soviet spies were cook ed up simply to bolster U. S. Anmy recruiting. Columnist Drew Pearson, however, sounded a note of alarm this week, opining that “there is either something wrong with our current Russian policy or else that policy has not been properly sold either at home or abroad.” Disturbing Pearson is the fact that “a total of four American citizens in Moscow have now either deserted to the Russians or denounced American policy toward Russia. All this, he says, plus the daughter of the Commerce De partment assistant now work ing for the Soviet Tass News Agency, plus the large and youthful fallowing of Henry Wallace, "make it appear that the United States is losing part of the cold war with some of its own younger generation.” Aid. Alban Weber’s (50th) pro posal to re-investigate Mi s g Hoack. Keenan and Merriam declared that the investigation was outside the province of.the council. * * * RUSSEL Ballard, chairman of the organizing conference of the Citizens Schools Committee, in a letter urging members of the Schools Committee to turn out at the Wednesday Board of Edu cation meeting in support of Miss Noack, declared: "We believe the suggested public hearing (investigation) before the City Council is un necessary and would set a dis astrous precedent of interference with school curriculum and leaching." Support for Miss Noack came also from the Progressive Party of Illinois. A Prog. Party spokes man charged “councilmanic witch-hunting,” demanding that the City Council call off further investigation. “Not once has the City Council felt justified in overriding the Board of Education's responsi bility for Chicago schools ... to investigate low pay for teach ers or the crying inadequacy of our school system. Not for one minute did Council choose to exercise its legitimate authority to investigate a recent appointee o he Board of Education who was in fact a leading member of the fascist-supported Ameri can Action. Inc." cists.” Sydney Harris, secretary of the Chicago chapter, pointed out that "if the Justice Department can get away with this, they will have established a beach-head from which they can advance against all who disagree with government foreign policy." Educator MARSHALL Field’s Sun- Times, which would like to see Gen. Eisenhower as the Democratic candidate for Presi dent, doesn’t seem much inter ested in Ike’s views on educa tion. We looked carefully through the Sun-Times this week after Ike was installed formally as president of New York City’s Columbia University, but we couldn’t find this interesting statement: "I have nothing to say about education. I don't know enough about it." To reporters at Columbia University, he admitted: “At least I was trained for that (military) business. I'm not so sure of this." But then, whaddya have to know to be an educator—in an era of thought control? Spain fights HERE are some amazing things happening in fas cist Franco Spain. This week, two Franco police agents were publicly tried and executed by Republican guer rillas in the village of Cesare in Galicia. First hand reports from in side Spain reveal that the guerilla movement has grown to the point where Franco is throwing artillery, tanks and planes into battle against them.