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Cont'd St. Charles From Page 1 in turn, appointed his chum. Col. H. E. Thornton, as assistant di rector, and Thornton, also a Na tional Guarder. placed Hodgin in control of the St. Charles reform school. Os course, Hodgin is also a Colonel in the National Guard. * * * HODGIN is on the skids. He may be replaced any Jay now— possibly by Charles 'W. Leonard, now director of the social serv ice department of the Catholic Youth Organization in Chicago— since the Illinois Youthful Of fenders Commission has been stumping for his ouster. He submitted his resignation last April, when things began getting hot, but no action has yet been taken. Before taking me on a tour of St. Charles, Hodgin briefly out lined the workings of the insti tution. At present, 427 bc-ys, be tween the ages of 10 to 17, are wards of St. Charles. There are also 39 in Hodgin’s words “tougher boys,” serving time at the Security Branch of St. Charles, in Sheridan, 111. Sheri dan —aptly called “Little Alca traz” by St. Charles’ wards —is nothing more-or-less but a prison cell-block set in the flat prairies 50 miles from St. Charles. * * * WARDS of St. Charles are housed in 14 “cottages” on the grounds, and “honor wards” live in the institution’s seven “farm cottages.” Although St. Charles receives $3,000,000 biennally from the state, it is operated on a self-sustaining basis. Hodgin, and former St. Charles administrators, like to boast that the boys are getting good voca tional training “I wish that when I was a boy,” Hodgin re marked reverently several times, “I had had the opportunities that these boys have to learn a voca tion.” But actually the boys themselves sustain the institu tion. St. Charles’ wards work the I, farm acres owned by the state institution; they tend its THE CHICAGO STAR, JUNE 19, 1948 Bias costs bar $300; press smothers story A State st. tavern has been ordered to pay S3OO damages to a Negro against whom it dis criminated, The Chicago Star learned this week. The Star also found out that the daily newspapers had the facts in the case three weeks ago, although they refused to print the story. The case was heard before Judge Samuel Heller in Munici pal Court. On May 27 he ordered Peter Nechipor and his son. Peter The Chicago ft Cwr.cu ana puDnsned WEEKLY by The Chicago Star Publishing Co., Inc.. 166 West Washington Street, Chieago 2. 111. Phone RANdolph 0580. Cable address: Chistar Frank M. Daria Executive Editor Carl Hirsch Managing Editor William Senneti General Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATES (Except Canada - and foreign) 1 Year $2.00. Entered as second class matter June 25, 1946 at the post office at Chicago, 111., under the Act of March 3, 1879. Postal regulations require that all new subscriptions for military Kersonnel stationed overseas must e accompanied by a written request from the person to whom the subscription is directed. It's time to have the truth about St. IT’S time for Illinoisans to begin to wonder why St. Charles, the Illinois State Train ing School for Boys, is breed ing not curing delinquent boys. It’s time that we knew the facts . . . about what goes on inside St. Charles the sadis tic beatings, harsh discipline for young boys who have known nothing but kicks and slaps and abuse. Last week The Chicago Star front-paged the story of Joseph L. Minnifield’s resignation from his post as supervisor of Social Service at St. Charles. Then. The Star charged that. "St. Charles has been exposed often during its 50-year life span in periods of political shake-up . . . but each time local newspapers lifted the lid covering St. Charles' abomin able operation . . . just long enough for a shake-up in the 'school's' administration, then hogs, chickens, turkeys, cows; they can its food; they prepare its meals; they operate its laun dry; they tend its grounds; shovel its coal; bind its books. There is even a barbershop “school,” where all wards get haircuts from “students.” * * * THERE was still little indica tion of the real story of St. Charles, when Col. Hodgin com pleted his summary of the “school’s” workings, and rose from his desk to take me on a tour of the grounds. But outside Hodgin's office, in the reception room, sat a young boy with his arm in a sling, and bandages around his head.. "He cracked up on the farm." Hod gin muttered nervously, hurry ing me through the room to the outside porch. "Yes. that's it—• he cracked up on the farm." I wondered . . . how was this boy injured. Could he possibly be the victim of St. Charles’ no torious discipline—that Col. Hod gin was later to admit? Jr., owners of she State Tavern, 501 N. State, to pay damages to Peter Gallagher. * * * GALLAGHER told Judge Hel ler that the discriminatory act occurred about July 31, 1946, after he entered the tavern and ordered a bottle of beer. “He was informed by the de fendants and their agents that the defendants would not serve drink ... to any member of the Negro race,” Gallagher’s suit charged, adding that he was theti “compelled ... to leave the tavern”’ At Judge Heller’s request, the Mayor’s Commission on Human Relations assigned two investi gators, one Negro and one to the case. Judge Heller said they report ed that the Negro had to pay 50 cents for a bottle of beer which cost the white investigator only 25 cents. A glass of draft beer cost the Negro investigator 20 cents, the while man only 10 cents. Mac Dougall Hq. Curtis D. MacDougall, Pro gressive candidate for Senator, this week opened campaign head quarters in his home at 537 Jutl son av., Evanston. Earle A. Bronson, 800 Simpson st., Evans ton, was named treasurer of the volunteer MacDougall for Sen ator Committee, which is now engaged in a fund-raising drive. Charles! the wraps were carefully put back on the scandal." The Star hit the nail right on the head. In this past week, local newspapers came out for blood. They want a shake-up in the personnel at St. Charles. But why is the superintend ent of St. Charles. J. C. Hod gin. on his way out? What is his Iwo-and-one-half year rec ord? What conditions will a new superintendent find ex isting at Illinois' crime incu bator? And why is the politi cian who holds the actual ad ministrative reins at St. Charles —Governor Dwight Green— ig nored, while newspapers make scape-goats out of his appoin tive administrators? Unhampered by the political apron strings which bind other local newspapers, The Utaj isn’t afraid to tell the story. This week The Chicago Star begins a series of articles, in order to arm its readers with the inside story of St. Charles. 'Sun never sets . . / Hans Von Kaltenborn, reac tionary news commentator on the Mutual network, calls charges that U. S. foreign policy is im perialistic “Communist propa ganda.” But last week H. V. Kalten born, the man with the authorita tive voice, in effect admitted the charge. Commented Kaltenborn: "The sun never sets on Ameri can armed forces." In pre-Kaltenbom days, the phrase used to be: “The sun never sets on the British Em pire.” Two truths PRESIDENT Truman was homeward bound from his “non-political” tour this week—and one thing at least had come out of it. It was obvious that if Truman is renominated the Democrats will conduct a high ly-demagogic campaign, making with the talk about civil rights, price control, social welfare, etc. It shouldn’t be hard to prove how thoroughly Truman himself sabotaged this program in col lusion with the Republicans. Out of all the political jab bering as the ’4B campaign got into full swing > two statements emerged as pure truth: TRUMAN: "This is one of the worst Congresses we've ever had." THE GOP: "Truman is one of the worst Presidents we've ever had." Speed demons IT may take Congress 100 years to pass good civil rights, housing or minimum wage legislation, but when the boys are dealing with their own bread and butter they can real ly cook with gas. The Senate took just three minutes to pass a bill on June 3—one that provided $55,362,726 to pay congressional salaries. And in that near-record three minutes, the' Senators found time to add $503,036 to the or iginal amount voted by the House. This amendment, reported one newspaper, made it neces sary for the measure to be re turned to the House "for ex pected quick agreement." But quick. n Aa long as you can't afford to eat, Dillingshy . . . We can dispense with your lunch hour ... Furniture workers give solid vote to Wallace CIO furniture workers wound up their sixth constitutional con vention in Chicago last week with unanimous endorsement of Henry A. Wallace for President. All top officers of the union were re-elected unanimously. The convention also went on rec ord with resolutions: ■ Denouncing the Mundt bill, or any facsimiles of it; Calling for CIO unity in sup port of the militant policies on It's in the mind ABOUT a month ago Emil Schram, president of the • New York Stock Exchange, told a congressional committee that inflation is “a state of mind.” This new pseudo-psychiatric school of economics now has a fervent disciple none other than Alfred P. Sloan, chairman of General Motors Corp. Sloan, at a stockholders’ meeting in Wilmington, Del., re cently, reported the company’s profits for the first three months of 1948, after all taxes and bills, were $96,500,000 as compared with a mere $60,800,- 000 for first three months of 1947. Then, after consulting his dream-book, Sloan came out with this gem: "The profits of the industry in genera] are more emotional than economic." It such profits are emotional, the boys are mighty close to an hysterical jag. Science has confirmed that a Chinese girl has gene nine years without eating. Employers need not bother sending scouts to China. It is also reported that this method cannot be taught to American workers. which the organization was founded; * * * CONDEMNING the Marshall -plan as Wall Street-inspired; Opposing the draft or universal military training; Asking Federal legislation to halt lynching, racial discrimina tion, restrictive covenants and .the poll tax; Ending the embargo on arms to Israel. Whose truce? THERE is an ominous quiet in Palestine this week. It is truce without peace. Among those who are watch ing and supporting the valiant struggle of a long-tortured peo ple for a homeland, there is a fear that the truce was a defeat for the Jewish people. Will the Arabs be in a stronger position when the fighting resumes? The hint that the truce was a U.S.-British-Arab piece otf treachery is contained in a re cent statement by Britain's puppet, King Abdullah of Transjordan, who declared in amazement over Jewish hero ism and resistance: "They have turned it into a second Stalingrad. They refuse to surrender." Was the truce engineered to give the Arabs time to regroup their forces, secure more sup plies and prepare for a new assault? Cardiogram ON the University of Chi cago campus, the maga zine “Pulse” sometimes gets pretty close to the heartbeat of the students and faculty. In a poll on the presidential race in its current issue, the magazine produced an interest ing cardiogram. Henry Wallace was far in the lead with 42 votes from the 160 faculty members who partici pated. His two closest rivals were Stassen and Taft with 26 each. Sidelight: A theology profes sor wrote in the name of Wil liam Z. Foster, Communist leader.