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Contract is key issue
in UAW Harvester strike 4 By ISABEL CARR As The Star went to press this week, 24,000 CIO United Auto Workers in the Interna tional Harvester Co. chain— including 4,500 in the Chicago area—went out on strike. “No contract —no work” was the slogan of Local 6 at Harvest er’s big sprawling plant in subur ban Melrose Park. Wages weren't the issue this time. Harvester workers recently won an 11-cent increase. The 3.000 militant rank - and - filers who turned out for picket duty at the giant plant's nine gates at 6:30 a.m the first shift Tuesday morning, are safeguard ing their union's security by fighting for a good contract. * * * Two weeks ago a vote author izing the strike was given by the membership of seven locals in the UAW-CIO Harvester council —at Melrose Park, Ft. Wayne, India napolis, Springfield, Evansville, and Louisville. However, Harves ter officials were notified that a dispute existed in June. The Chicago Daily News and Chicago’s other dailies reported that a company spokesman said Harvester was “perfectly willing” to negotiate with UAW, but union officials put the lie to this state ment. The strike was called by the union after almost 72 hours of continuous discussion at the Con gress Hotel—when, according to the union, company officials “re fused to resume the discussion.” THE CHICAGO STAR, AUGUST 21. 1948 By PETER WILLIAMS DU SABLE CENTER began a fine series of “Appreciation Parties'—honoring Chicago artists and writers—last Saturday, with a Bon Voyage tea for sculptor Marion Perkins, and writer Robert Lucas, both Rosenwald Scholarship winners. This Friday (Aug. 20), it's a Welcome Home party for St. Clair Drake, co-author of "Black Metropolis," recently returned from studies in Europe ... at the Center (4845 S. Wabash), 9 p.m., donation SO cents. * * * PEOPLE'S CHORUS, after a brief summer vacation, resumes regular Tuesday night meetings, Aug. 24, 8 p.m., in Room 723, Kimball bldg., Wabash at Jackson blvd. If you want to sing for Wallace, now's the time to come out and get in the group. Call Virginia Aplon (PLAza 3437) for further info. * * * ILWU Local 208's throwing a boat ride party Friday, Aug. 27, with dancing, re freshments, games, etc.—cost, a buck and a half. fLnn Shelton, head of the activities com mittee, says the boat leaves Michigan av. bridge at 9:30 p.m. and returns there three hours later. You can get tickets at the local's office, 166 W. Washington. . . . * * * STOLEN from Lakeview AVC's bulletin, “The Lake-Viewpoint": "Ellman returned from the Progressive Party convention a wiser and tired b0y.... Bob Heile returned from his honeymoon in the sarro shape as Ellman. . . ." Incidentally, folks, Heile is Prog. Party candidate for Municipal Court clerk. The union’s contract expired at midnight on Monday. * * * HARVESTER officials had re fused to negotiate changes in the old contract contested by the union. They have offered only the old contract to the union—and the old contract includes loss of two paid holidays. Harvester refuses to discuss day work inequities, to discuss stan dardization of contracts in all locals of the UAW chain. The company also has refused to fol low any arbitrated decisions. On Monday, UAW secretary Carl Shier reported on negotia tions to employes of the Melrose plant. When the Company reffused to bargain, the strike was called. "Here's a dollar, dad. I figure the least i can do is pay for my room and board now that I'm working" Mam«* Hcu.cn convniOHT teaa caatoonc-ov-thc-month MAY DE SOUSA, 66, noted light opera singer in the early part of the century who starved to death after she became too weak to continue working as a scrubwoman, was given a decent burial here this week by the American Guild of Variety Artists (AFL). Her body had lain unclaimed in the County Morgue for three days. Miss de Sousa had not been a member of the union, but AGVA Regional Director Jack Irving said that "one of our policies is that no theater artist will ever be buried in potters' field ..." * * * EMMET DEDMON, Sun-Times' books edi tor, has just finished first draft of a new book. Emmet's first book, a war novel called “Duty to Live," was published in '46. * * * Sorry to hear that Ernie DeMaio, UE-CIO Distr. President, is ill in the hospital. Wife, Mary, says he'll be out of circulation for two or three weeks. . . . * * * DAILY VARIETY, the film trade journal, report sthat "Confessions of a Communist Spy," a picture to be released by Producer John Sutherland through United Artists, will not be made after all. . . . Maybe the mem ory of jfie vast picket lines and protests that snowed "Iron Curtain" under was too much for Sutherland. . . . * * * I. F- STONE, N. Y. Star columnist, has a new book coming out in September—" This Is Israel"—to be published by Boni & Gaer. Stone arrived in Palestine a week before the Decla ration of Statehood, and remained throughout all the fighting. The book, which will sell at sl, paper bound—and $2.50, cloth edition will contain 100 photos taken in Israel by top photogs. • * * PROVES what we've been saying all along. Only American film picked among five best foreign films of 1947 by Stockholm, Sweden, critics was—you guessed itl—Charlie Chaplin's "Monsieur Verdoux." THE MELROSE Harvester plant was completely shut down on Tuesday. The mass turn-out on the picket lines blocked the company’s repeated attempts to run foremen through the lines and into the plant. Solid strikers like Fritz Knoll, a union guide, and Frank Caru siello, headed a "flying squad," making sure all plant gates were checked. Guys like Joe Wiikow ski. an alternate committeeman in Dept. 38. sparkplugged at strate gic gates. The Sun-Times erroneously re ported that “about 100 AFL mem bers” remained “on the jobs” at the Melrose plant. But actually, you could have counted the num ber of AFL stationary engineers —power house employees—that were on the job on the fingers of your two hands. * • • ALTHOUGH “last ditch” nego tiations resumed Wednesday, the union was prepared to stick it out, as one rank-and-fiier bluntly put it—“until hell freezes over” •—unless Harvester listens to UAW membership’s just de mands. In order to cut down the drain of strike benefits on the UAW treasury—if the strike is a long one—the union has asked members to work at other jobs and still put in hours of picket duty each day. Discussing this tactic, many strikers emphasized the need for continuing mass picketlines as of "number one importance" while holding down other jobs. “We got to show Harvester we mean business,” said one striker, pointing out that the powerful Harvester chain, too, had dug in for a fight. Auto workers took note of the fact that the company had sprayed certain machinery with protective materials, in preparation for the machine stop page. South to meet Wallace soon NEW YORK—Henry Wal lace is going to tour the South again—and once more Jim Crow will take a beating. He will tour seven Southern states speaking only to non segregated meetings—during the week beginning Sunday, Aug. 29. Curran man is new NMU port agent in Chicago The Natl. Maritime Union has raised its local office in status from a sub-branch to an agency, local officials reported this week. New officers-of the NMU here are Fred McNall, port agent, and Austin Hughes, patrolman. Both are members of the right-wing faction headed by Joe Curran, international president, whose slate won the national election following a campaign marked by extreme violence, including the murder of a Curran opponent. McNall said that port agents and patrolmen are not elected regionally but as part of a na tional ticket- Harold McCormick, progressive patrolman here whose place has been taken by Hughes, has gone to Toledo, Ohio. He intends to ship out from there soon, ac cording to reports. Surprise! WASHINGTON—(FP) More than half of the plants visited by wage-hour inspectors showed some violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, according to a Labor Dept, report. Un-Americans cause death BOSTON—Decent-minded Americans this week mourned the death of Harry D. White, former assistant Secretary of the Treasury. White had been red-bailed and smeared in the House Un-American Committee's wild "spy" circus. Because of heart trouble. While was forced to rest for 10 minutes after every hour of testimony while he was on the stand at the com mittee's hearings, flatly denying the charges as "unqualifiedly false-" Three days after testifying, the committee’s attacks on him proved too great a tax on his heart. He died of a heart attack. BL : "I BOSS CRUMP took a licking when CIO, AFL, and independ ent unions united behind Senate candidacy of Rep. Estes Kefau ver (D., Tenn.) (above). Kefauver won Democratic primary, equiv alent to election- Hit pool bias A member of the Mexican consulate’s office will address a meeting sponsored by the Civil Rights Congress, Wednesday, Aug. 25, 8 p.m., in the Art Gal lery at Hull House, protesting discrimination against Mexican youth at Willow Springs swim ming pool. On July -31, 23 Mexi can kids were refused admission to the suburban pool. It will be his first campaign tour since accepting the Progres sive Party nomination for Presi dent. The tour will take him to more than 20 cities in Virginia, North Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Ten nessee. Travelling by plane, auto, and special train, he will stop off to speak at luncheons, plant gates, university campuses, two state political conventions, and several mass rallies. “Wallace will devote major at tention to the Four Horsemen of 1948—those who advocate war, high prices, Jim and at tacks on labor ancNdemocratic rights,” his campaign manager, C- B. Baldwin, said. UE 1154 rejects T-H affidavits At the regular meeting of Stewart-Warner Local 1154, United Electrical, Radio & Ma chine Workers (CIO) last week, a resolution to sign the Taft- Hartley non-Communist affida vits was overwhelmingly de feated by a vote of 90-4. John Duff, a leader of the lo cal’s discredited committee for CIO policy, presented the resolu tion. Stewart-Warner workers also elected Ruth Hunt, Negro shop steward in Dept. 20, to its ex ecutive board. The following dis trict council delegates were also elected: John Kelliher; Leonard Baker; Sam White; William Samuels; Earl Gilles; Ted Kop ala; Ed Glab.