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J. IL GAMBRELL, )
R. 1). GAMBRELL, | Editors. OFFICIAL ORGAN —of Tin: — viioniBiTiox u.vu.v or Mississippi. CLINTON, MISS. Scthii'day, 1 prU 4, 1885 Entered at the Post-office at Clinton, Miss., Second-class Matter. as BUSINESS MENTION? All communications intended for publi cation, should be sent in Thursday morn ing, and should be written on only one side of paper. Everything intended for publica tion should be written on separate pieces of paper from the business communications. The columns of the Sword and Shiei.d will beepen to a limited nmnberof reliable advertisers at reasonable rates, but frauds will not be advertised at any price, however, one does creep in, it will Ik* promtly exposed when found out. Victress all communications to SWORD AND SHIELD, Clinton, Miss* It*, ABOUT ANNOUNCEMENTS. It may be well to state just here that the terms of the Sword and Shield for announcing will be : For State offices .. For County offices For Beat offices. The value of the Sword and Shield as a live, wide-awake, straight-forward journal should not be ignored. Let those who intend to run for office in our next elec tions, and wish to appeal to the votes ot the temperance people all over the State, send in their an nouncements. $10 00 5 00 2 30 Pi'RUSHER. »»4 SPECIMEN COPIES. We will take pleasure in sending specimen copies to any who would like to work for the paper. The friends of temperance and Prohibi tion could not do a better thing for the cause than to circulate the îSword and Shield. tf Rooms of State Prohibition Ex- ) ECTTivE Committee, April 1st. i In view of the approaching meet ing of the Prohibition tdate Con vention, called to meet July 1st, in the city of Jackson, we urge an im mediate and thorough organization ot our friends throughout the State. Please organize at once and report list of officers to the Secretary, at Brookhaven. Chas. B. Galloway, Cli'n. B. T. IIobbs, Sec'y. J. H. GAMBRELL, Corresponding and Financial Secre tary of the State Prohibition Execu tive Committee, will speak at the following times and places, at 7h p. in. : Bolton,. Edwards . Natcliez. Fayette. Martin. L'tiea . Meridian . Lake.. Itarperville. Forest. Morton. Brandon .. April !», 10, 11 12 13 11, 13 ]-jo, 21, 22, 2i'>, 11am 27 2S 29, 30 Prohibitionists will please make all necessary arrangements for these meetings in their respective places, and circulate the appointments as far as possible. Let every friend of the cause, ladies and gentlemen, at tend. Those unfriendly to the tem perance reform are cordially invited to attend, also. HE'S GETTING ON HIE FENCE. Some time since—say two years ago—the New Mississippian, of Jackson, was very pronounced in its objection to "all sumptuary laws, classing Prohibition among these laws. But recently it appears that Edgar is getting ready to climb up on the fence and drop down on the biggest half. He is not so very out spoken as he was. While opposing Prohibition, he is getting to be in the condition of the Starkville editor, who was "honestly anxious to see the obteome of this question." Well, they will see, and then we'll see them climbing down on the right side. Just at present, a very hope ful sign of the times is the fact that so few papers seem to stand very firm on the other side of the fence* .- «M4 Mrs. M. L. Wells. This eloquent Christian woman will lecture on Temperance and also organize Woman's Christian Tem perance Unions at the following places : Lexington...... Durant. Starkville . C»lu!Uba* . Meridian. Shubnta. Enterprise. Macon... West Point. Okalona . April 3 and 4 5 6 and 7 8 H and 12 13 14 and 1« l(i 17 IS an*l If) NEWS AND NOTES. What is the quarrel between the Hinds County Comet and the Ray mond Gazette ? Therc is nothing that succeeds like success, and nothing that pro hibits like Prohibition. The Brewers Journal gives the sale of malt liquors during the year ending May 1, 1884, as 18,856,82(1 barrels. In the face of this enor mous consumption, is it not time'we were getting in earnest. The Prohibitionists of Chicago have decided to go to work and save that beautiful city from being a very sink-hole of vice and corruption. They have nominated a strong tick et, with W. II. Bush as candidate for mayor. The benevolent Mr. George W. Childs, of Philadelphia, has greatly gratified the treasurer of the Balti more fund for the relief of Confeder ate soldiers, by sending a check for $ 100 , Miss Beatrice Boueicault, second dauglik-r of the dramatist, was msrr ried very quietly on Wednesday in St. George's church, New York, to Mr. George Doswell Pitman, son of Samuel Pitman, a well-known dia mond merchant. Rowan county, Ky., is experienc ing a reign of lawlessness, growing out of an election trouble. The dep uty sheriff has been killed, the county attorney waylaid and wound ed, and the other officers have been run out of the countv. The Natchez Democrat, with its usual originality, comes forward with the question, "Does Prohibi tion prohibit?" In the face of this new (?) question, the friends of Pro hibition might take time to consider the practical hearings of the issue. We have noticed that those who do all they can against Prohibition are the ones who are most apt to advise the advocates of that measure not to "rush into politics and set their cause back by an ignominious defeat." Prohibitionists will take advice from those favoring the meas ure hereafter. I believe the intelligent portions of both races here in the South could be relied upon to unite in a third party movement with the tem perance men of the North, and the result would ha the abolition of sec tionalism in politics more quickly than by any other movement of which I know.—Rev. M. G. Hos kins, of Virginia. France does not seem to be much nearer the accomplishment of her purpose than she was before she commenced. The Chinese seem de termined not to be beaten. They have German officers and have given the French a very black eye recently at Long Son. They carried the key U the position and the French were obliged to retreat. Occasionally the New York Sun strikes a central truth. Recently it said : "It would be a great thing for Hon. John G. Carlisle if he could cease to be one of the pillars of the whisky interest." An editor might write a hundred years and never write truer words than these. The whisky ring will ruin the prospects of any man who is in sympithy with it, or who allows himself to be con troled by it.—Atlanta Constitu* tion. President Cleveland's salary is $137 a day. A snug little sum with which to set up housekeeping, but not too much for the Chief Execu tive of a great nation like ours.— Ex. That's not much. Unless some of our Presidents are misrep resented, they have made more tha r that, some going as high as thousands in a day ; but then Cleve land hasn't as much business talent as some men. The Paris Temps publishes a let ter stating that the twenty-five Ger mans who were engaged at Berlin by Li-Fong-Pao have all had to take Chinese names up<m entering the service of the Celestial Empire. Cine of them, who was formerly captain of a corvette, is now called Wang-Li Triang, which, when turned into English, means Mr. High Wall. He has just been promoted to the rank of Admiral, and commands the Chao Yung. Another German officer is now named Lin-Pao, or Mr. Six Cannons. The pay of these officers must be very high, for the common German gunners receive nearly $250 a month, and about $7,500 is the amount guaranteed to the family of each man in case he is killed by the French.—Times-Democrat. the Polygamous marriages have been treated for years as a crime against society in all civilized nations, and the matter of a man's religious be lief or want of belief doesn't enter into the question at all. nions must get in line with the pro gressive sentiment of the nineteenth century, or it will grind them to powder.—Philadelphia Times, Ind. We can see no reason why one man should be allowed to violate the law with impunity any more than an other. Elbert county, Ga., by a majority of 35U, voted out the whisky traffic on the seventh ult. The good peo- ple of Eiberton held a thanksgiving service the next day.—Advocate. There certainly was never a more appropriate time for a people to give thanks than when a great victory has been secured for God and home. Very soon all Georgia will be under Prohibition. Those who wish Pro- hibition to succeed are satisfied with the success ; otherwise, why do those who see its effects in neighboring counties vote for it in their own ? - ^ + mm - Luther Benson has closed his ef fective canvass in Mississippi, and has gone to Ins home in Ladoga, Ind. Eternity alone will reveal the amount of good Mr. Benson did in our State. Many a fervent prayer has ascended the great white throne for blessing to come and abide on him and his. Mr. Benson says the people of this State were uniformly good to him. W r e are glad he can say this. None but people with bad, black hearts can dislike or be unkind to Lutner Benson. Thousands of "latch strings" hang on the outside for him and his in Mississippi. The Mo'r The combination journal at Clin ton, the Sword and Shield, sug gests that no Prohibitionist should patronize a paper that does not sup port the cause of Prohibition. Won der if it thinks that Prohibition journals should get no support from the other side? We rather think he'd kick on the latter proposition, but it's a mighty pc or rule that won't work both ways.—Winona Advance. T lie Sword and Shield merely suggested that those who wished to raise sober sons should not give them to read, a paper which advocated saloons and drinking; and why should they? We are not afraid that anything that the Ad vance may publish will turn away any Prohibitionist, but why should any one take a paper that is not fresh enough to be called newsy, nor authentic enough to be of any value historically. Rev. N. C. Steele, a member of Prohibition State Executive Com mittee, writes to the Sword and Shield, that unless the Democratic convention this Summer incorpor ates a platform, admitting the right of Local Option, the Prohibitionists will put out a separate State and Legislative ticket. We do not know whether this means bluff or business, but if the latter, there will be more Mississippi dust raised than has been seen in this State for a long time.—Kosciusko Star. Dr. N. C. Steele (M. D., instead of D. D. ) is about right. Prohibitionists have begged and pleaded to the parties as long as they intend to, and they now demand Local Option of the Democrats, and the Demo crats will very likely grant the de mand. At any rate, business is meant by the Prohibitionists, and if dust must be raised, it will be a "dry" time for some whisky-soaked politicians. See if it dont, Johnnie. MARGINS. We have often wondered why, when the question of defeating saloons in any town is being agita ted, the merchants of the place are 4so apt to think it will injure the business of the town. It did seem to us that they would see that all the money taken in by the saloons was taken in at their expense. Take an instance : Mr. A. is a saloon keeper. Mr. B. is a merchant. Mr. Smith buys his dry goods, groceries, etc., from Mr. B. and his whisky from Mr. A. At the end of the year, he has not made enough to pay Mr. B. for his supplies. He has had some money all along, but not enough to pay Mr. B. any cash for provisions and at the end of the year, his crop will not pay his bill, and so Mr. B. must wait artother year, and in the end maybe lose. But Mr. A., the saloonist, has sold for cash and the money of the far mer goes to him instead of Mr. B. In the face of this, we could but be astonished when the business men of these towns brought up the business plea time and again. Talking recently with a friend, we wonder, when Tie | ef in expressed our < jy^r r ; _ "They know that as well as you do, but they are afraid to say any thing against thfSi saloons. Thecas^ is this : A farmer comes in from the country, and wants a jug of whisky. He does not want to be seen going into a saloon, so he gets his merchant to send for it. Thus far it is all right. Any man has a right to buy a gallon of whisky for anothor man, but here comes the trouble. The saloon keeper allows or gives the merchant a margin on the gallon of whisky. By this, the merchant makes a profit and in the eyes of the law' becomes an illicit liquor seller. At length, the contest for Prohi bition is brought on. Mr. B. would like to side with the Prohibitionist, but the saloonist comes to him and says: 'See here, Mr. B., do you re member that whisky you bought for Mr. Smith? Now, if you go with those fanatics, I'll have the revenue officers after you for defrauding the government out of its taxes.' But,' says Mr.^B., 'I just sent around and got it for him ; so that I did not sell it,' m l Let us see. You got $4 for that gallon of whisky, didn't you ?' " 'I believe so.' 'Then, I let you have it for $3, so that you actually sold the whisky to him at a profit ot one dollar. My saloon is your warehouse, and you have been carrying on an illicit bus iness. Now, it you go with those fanatics, I'll make it hot for you.' "Now," said our friend, can the merchant do? He can't op pose them, and he must make some excuse for not siding with Prohibi tionists, and so he brings in that ex cuse, that is an insult to every one of his sober customers, that it will in jure the business of the town." Ami then we saw. U k u What not not not nor THE STATE PROHIBITION CON VENTION. The State Executive Committee met in tiie city of Jackson on the 20th inst., and agreed to call a State Convention of Prohibitionists, July 1st, 1885. After reviewing the work of months past, and considering the reports from various sections of the State, the committee were encour-* aged to believe that our cause was never so strong in the convictions of the people, and that the day of triumph is near at hand. There are constant accessions of able, patriotic men to our ranks, while the zeal of old friends is quickened by a new flame. As attention is arrested and intelligent thought awakened, the friends of Prohibition are multiplied. This is already a potent, if not domi nant sentiment in Mississippi. We only need more thorough organiza tion to achieve the righteous end for which we earnestly contend. Our immediate objective point is a local option law which will enable the people btj counties and at the ballot box to determine the question of li cense or prohibition. The present petition law is unsatisfactory and largely inoperative, because it shifts the issue from a question of princi ple to personal f riendship and consid eration. For purely personal rea sons many a man signs a petition for license when his convictions pro test, and his unfettered judgment condemns. We want a statute that will compel a decision on the merits of the issue, free from the embar rassments of individual complaint nr appeal. Why the people should not have the right accorded them to de cide this question by vote, no one unfriendly to our cause has ever been able to answer. To accomplish jthis desired result we invoke the c<#dial co-operation of all good citizens, white andblaek, and of every religious and political creed. Our last £tate Convention adopted the following in its declara tion of principles: clare it to be our conviction that Ahe cause of prohibition should not be entangled with party politics. With out disturbing the party affiliations of any citizen, we ask his support of this great reform, which should be sacredly enthroned above the con tests for mere place and power. We do affirm, however, that intemper ance should not be countenanced in public officials, and that no drunk ard is worthy of support." And to that matured deliverance we are firmly pledged. We are, therefore, the enemy of no party in tin State, unless in regular organized and au thorized convention it pronounces against oui cause. Before the last two legislatures w'e presented oar appeal and it was not heeded. True there was a ma jority in the lower House of the last Legislature who were willing to ac cord the people the humble boon we asked, but by parliamentary tactics of N. D. to, is if a all to We further de .. | and unfriendly amendments, the measure was defeated. That history will pot be repeated; and to prevent its repetition the last State Prohibi tion Convention adopted the follow ing: I We believe it to be the true pol icy and the duty of the friends of Temperance in the several counties of the State to support only those for the Legislature at the next ap proaching election, who favor a gen eral local option law." We do not impeach any candi date's fidelity to the platform of his part, but his relation to this great non-partizan moral question must be interrogated. If he declares him self inimical to reform and in favor of the saloon, he cannot command our support. It is, therefore, the duty of Prohibitionists, in both po litical parties, to attend the prima ries and secure the nomination of good men who will heed the voice of the people in this mighty contest. So long as political "States" are ar ranged in the back rooms of saloons, we may expect the whisky sentiment to dominate our legislative halls. To avert this evil th u friends ~f reform must be heard and felt in the county of conventions. The indications are that tii'e State convention, called to meet in the city of Jackson on the 1st day of July, will be more largely at tended than any similar body ever assembled at the capitol. Every county must be represented, and every color, calling, avocation and profession. It will be a gathering of patriotic, loyal Mississippians, unde sirous of political preferment, but unalterably intent on the redemp tion of their beloved State from the domination of that matchless evil, the liquor traffic. The days of apol ogy are past and the tune for manly assertion has anived. We will come up from all creeds and from both parties and races, united in a com mon cause, whose watchword is holier than any party shibboleth and whose boundaries are broader than any ecclesiastical lines or race distinctions. of of of for li nr of Chas. B. Galloway, Ch n State Ex. Com. PROHIBITION PROGRESSING. We were at Paulding, Jasper county, on March 23d, 24th, and 25tb, to speak, per engagement. On arrival we found Lutlmr Benson ready to put in some strong pleas for the utter annihilation of the sa loon i afamy. Mr. Benson's speech was, as is always true, well received, except by a few liberty"(?) Irish men. The crowd was large, and composed, in the main, of Jasper's best citizens. Those who were pres ent will not soon forget that on Monday, March 23d, 1885, Indiana's great temperance cyclone visited Paulding. On Tuesday, Judge Mayers not having arrived, this writer spoke to the crowd on the results of the li cense law, the personel of the oppo sition movement,, the object and methods of the Prohibition Execu tive Committee. The best citizens of the county are leading the Prohi bition army, and rank and file are deeply and solemnly in earnest in their frank, open efforts to dethrone the liquor traffic, not only in Jasper county, but throughout the State. Paulding has the only saloon in the county now, and we w'ere assured that its application for renewal of license would be defeated on April 6th. This, too, despite the efforts of the whisky soaks to control the negroes by threats. It came to our ears that some negroes had been notified that if they signed against license, they would be made to suffer for it. These bulldozers are the identical bipeds who croak themselves hoarse lor "liberty."(?) These Benzinites will find that the majority of voters have a higher conception of liberty than themselves. The same party applying for a renewal of license iWas sued during the first days of court for $2,000, he having violated the law in. selling to a drunkard, and the claimant got a judgment against him, so we hear since leav ing. HICKORY. This is a Prohibition town under the present (aw. Since closing the saloons* there being no violation 'ot law, or drunkenness, the mayor has resigned and a part of the council has resigned. The whisky men want to renew their efforts to secure license, but they cannot petition until they have a Board, so they have petitioned Gov. Lowry to ap point a whisky man mayor. At this writing, the appointment has not been made. The leading citizens are* opposed to having a mayor ap pointed, because one is not needed, it put in and the whole design is to establish a doggery in the town. NEWTON. Prohibitionists are going into an organized effort here against the de mon drink, with flattering prospects of success. It is believed that the voters of Newton will never grant another license to retail damnation. The ladies.are being enlisted in the cause of temperance. This is omi nous. * FOREST. The next term of the circuit court here will be interesting both to Pro hibitionists and whisky men. Dar ing last year, w hisky petitions were filed and published three weeks. When the applicants for license saw theie would be a contest, the whisky Board allowed them to withdraw and add names to their petitions, thus making new petitions, which were filed, and the Board granted license on them without publication or one month's notice required by statute. So that the saloonists and the liquid Board are in mourning because of their sins or the righteous ness of the law, eithen, or both. It is more than probable that Judge Mayers will have this whole possee of sinners on the legal mourner's bench within a few days, tionists have now a majority peti tion against granting any more license for twelve months. PELAIIATÇHIE. This place was not long since burned, but there have been nine business houses erected and the place is looking up again. There is to operate against the morals of the town and vicinity one doggery, but there is a strong and growing senti ment in favor of Prohibition, and leading citizens say no more license will be granted. The ladies are very much interested, and that set tles the saloon question. HEIDELBERG Prohibi of is a Prohibition town and is building up without the aid of whisky. Pro hibition is working admirably, and the people are happy and prosper ous. io er At each of the above places we received a nice list of subscribers. UNITED STATES* OFFICERS AR RESTED. Panama, March 30. —The Star and Herald bulletins published to day say that the steamer Colon was seiz ed to day at Aspinwall by the revo lutionists, who demanded the deliv ery of a shipment of arras on board for the revolution. The agents re fused the delivery. Connor, local superintendent of the Pacific Mail Company, was first arrested, and later the captain and purser of the steamer were placed under arrest on board. Subsequent ly Capt. Dow, general agent of the Pacific Mail Company, Mr. Wright, United States consul, and a lieuten ant of the American man-of-war Ga lena were arrested and marched off to the cuartel. They were released at 6 o'clock on conditions that the arms should be delivered, and the delivery is now The American and En going on. glish war ships did nothing to pro tect foreign interests 'because the revolutionary chiefs declared they would resist their interference by force. The Americans are indignant at the insult to the flag and the outrage to their persons and property. Troops go from here to-night to at tack the revolutionists, who, howev er, are in strong fqrce, and with the arms from Colon will probably be able to control events in tbeir own way and in their own interests.— Times-Democrat. er by its of of It seems to us that it is about time for Uncle Sam to show his mus cle and demonstrate the fact that this government has a right to live and be respected. We are glad that the policy ot the country is for peace, but a country that allows her flag insulted, as this has been, and her officers imprisoned, will soon have to put up with worse, if worse can be. Major C. B. Calton, of New York, has recently said: "I manufactued liquor for twenty five years. I be gan the liquor business selling beer over my father's bar when 1 was fifteen years old. I know all about it and can make any kind. The adulteration of liquor is something know little about, and the extent A man stands you of it will surprise you. about as good a chance of being struck by lightning as to get a pure article of brandy in New York. With rectified whisky as a basis we can imitate any kind of brandy. The French are more expert than we are; we begin where they leave off, and God pity the man who drinks the stuff we make. We make cham pagne which you buy for the genuine article. It costs to manufacture four dollars a basket ; we sell it ten dol lars to dealers. We make the stuff and put it in our own bottles, make a facsimile label of the genuine, im port Spanish corks for the bottles and French straw and baskets to pack them in. We want to make a genu ine imported wine, We buy one bar rel of it. Our eooper takes the bar rel as a pattern and makes ours by ate bo — it They are new and bright. We put them through a staining process, and they come out old and musty and worn just like the genuine importa tion. Thirty-two deadly poisons are used in the manufacture of wine. Not one gallon in fifty sold here ever saw France. We sell thousands of gallons of whisky to France to have them come back to us something Of all poisonous liquors in the world bourbon whisky is the dcadly est. Strychnine is only one of the poisons in it. A certain oil is used in its manufacture, eight drops of which will kill a cat in eight min utes and a dog in nine minutes The most temperate men in New York are the wholesale dealers. They dare not drink the stuff they sell.—Ex. else. Hon. Joel P. Walker. Some time since, Hon. Joel P. Walker, of Lauderdale, was called upon to say whether or not his name appeared on whisky petitions. I can say 1 have seen it there more than once. He also has a public record in the journal of the Senate, and his name is always recorded .in the interest of the whisky ring, he is elected Governor, it should be done by those in favor of debasing our manhood, making inebriates of our bov If planting a bulwark in the in eiviliza way ot our progression tion and Christianity. W. II. Patton. Meridian, Miss. The Prohibitionists of Meridian had called a meeting at the Court House last Thursday night to or ganize a permanent Prohibition club. Owing to failure on the part of the janitor to light the Hall, sev eral came and left, though a fair aud ience assembled and organized with twenty-six members, with Dr A. 11. Smith, President; Prof. A. D. Mc Voy, Vice-President ; J. C. Cavett, Secretary. While the number is small, they are large in the faith that Prohibition, with God s help, will in the end triumph. They have counted the cost, realize that they must suffer abuse at the hands of the whisky ring, tain sound. They gave no uncer You may look for those "cranks" to'turn whisky out of Me ridian. March 26, 1885. W. H. Patton. Mrs. Mary A. Livermore in a re cent lecture on temperance at Paines ville, Ohio, thus detailed some of the horrible foot-prints of the traffic that had come under her own observa tion. She said that she had been solicited to visit the State primary school near Boston. She went and while standing on the platform as the children passed into the chapel the matron gave her story of each one. One child with an eye gouged out by a drunken and infuriated father, another, whose face seemed io be a one-sided formation. Her cheek and ear had been sliced off by her father, ivlien maddened by drink, brandishing a butcher knite ; anoth er child was armless because thrown froman elevated window by a drunk enjiarent and so severely injured that amputation was necessary ; most horrible of all the numerous cases was that of a little girl who had been thrown on a hot stove by a hot f tove by a drunken mother and severely burned l her screams bringing help before she was too badiy injured to be saved. Mrs. Livermore said she wept at the recital of their terrible wrongs. Yes, and a nation that tol erates a system ofiniquity that bears such fruits should not only weep but hide its bead in shame.—Herald. The Wages of Sin. Of all the arguments that have ev er come from the defenders of the li quor traffic, it seems to us that the weakest and poorest is this, that it brings a great revenue into the treas ury. Perhaps, it the State for a high price, would license men to go out upon the highway and rob and pil lage the travelers, it would bring the State a revenue. And it would be wiser and better and more merciful by far than to license that which robs its victims not of money alone, but of character and virtue, of good name and happiness and turns the once happy home into a hell on earth. The highwayman would not, as the rum fiend does, single out the brightest and best; would not wring the tears of shame and agony from broken hearted wives and mothers; would not turn his victims into wife beaters and felons and murderers, and this weu'd be better and kinder than the saloon. .. . And the man who was robbed upon the highway could go home to his wife and his daily toil, and build up his broken fortune. But the man who is robbed by the ta loon, must go back day after day to be robbed again of money and character, of self re> spect and honor. The State's partnership with the great curse brings a revenue, it is true,, but money is. out-weighed by the crime and misery which come band in hand with that wretched,sin stained revenue. 1 - Hinds County Comet. Tlie city of Charleston, in its corpor ate capacity, is about to undertake the driving of the deepest artesian well in the world. It will be driven in the main part of the city, and, as it is ex pected to furnish 4,000,000 gallons ot water per day, it is calculated, with the two smaller wells already down, to furnish a sufficient supply of water for .... the entire city for many years. The new well will be 2.000 feet deep, will bo at least six iuches in diameter at the bottom, and is to be completed by next August. England consumes annually five times as much tea as coffee.