Newspaper Page Text
J. H. GAMBRELL, ) R. D.GAMBRELL, > Editors. OFFICIAL ORGAN — OK THE— PROHIBITIOX USlOX OF MISSISSIPPI. CLINTON, MISS. Silurihiif,... ...Juif IKS'» Unified at the Pott-office at ('Union, Mist , Second-class Muller. as BUSINESS MENTION. All i'nuiiuuuiciili<iiis intern It-. 1 for nulili eation, should Ik* sent in l lmrsilav morn ing, and should Ik* written on only one side *H |>:i[>er. Eveiy thing intended for publica tion should Ik* written on separate pi«*ees of D'lpcr from the business communication-.. 1 he columns of the Swoitn axi» Shik.i i» will !»eo|M*n to a limited nu miter of reliable advertisers at reasonable rates, but frauds will not Ik* advertised at any price. If, however, one d*K*s creep in, ii will be romtlv exj»osed when found nut. Aiblress all «■ommiinieatioiis to N\VOKI> AND SHIELD, Clinton, Miss* A REQUEST. M e want some friend of Prohibi tion and temperance iu *and county in the State to write, in forming us of the condition of the cause in that county or town. We want to see where our strength is and where our work is needed. PUHLISUER. tvery town BRIEFS. Rankin, Low ry's home county, in stmeted for him. Ex-Congressman J. B. Elam, of Louisiana, is dead. Benton county has (alien in with the Lowry column. Lowry has only to get 2oA votes to secure the nomination. Can any one tell us who the New .Mississippian wants to be Governor ? Organize! Organize!! and that will dig the political grave of the anti-local-optior.ist, deep and secure. anti-Prohi Tliat's help from the Let the good work go The Copiahan has an bition column, other side. on. Touch not the anti-local-optionist. Dn the day of making legislators let his name be utterly blotted out for ever. After using every other means pos sible the New .Mississippian grows su perstitious and falls back on thetalis nianiet?) words, "Burn this letter." And honest old I*ut whooped up his own county ami carried it by a large and enthusiastic majority.— Utica Comet. Jesso, jesso ; carried it for Lowry. - •»•«•* -- Frank James, the retired bandit, i< living on a farm near Independ ence, Iowa. He has joined the chinch and it is believe,! he has thoroughly reformed. -- ♦« - Result so far: Lowry, 100* votes; Darden, 12; Walker, 0« ; Feather stone, !b Total number of votes in Convention, 240; necessary to a choice, 121. Mr. W . B, Walker, of Aberd«*en, strikes the key-note of argument on the Prohibition question when lie says, "The liquor traffic lias no con stitutional rights in Mississippi." Most ot the papers agree that the Legislature cannot refuse able a demand as Local Option. This shows fine improvement. The last Legislature, it seems, not only could but did refuse. so reasou 'Plie New Mississippian is daily looking for the Lowry organs to claim the whole State. Just wait till after the 1 Dtli of August, for verily "your labor shall not he iu vain." When the Republicans of Ohio get Blaine and the Prohibitionists get St. John, what will the Demo- crats do? Cleveland will he busy and they will have to fall hack on Beast Butler or Belva Lockwood. - «M 4 » - Lincoln county instructs for Low ry Tiie vote was 27 to 22. I n comfortably close.—New .Missis sippian. Close because there were only five majority ; uncomfortable because the five were against you. It has come to a fearful pass in Mississippi politics. There is a ring in the State looking towards and working for the renoiuination of Lowry ! It comprises officers elect ed by the people, officers appointed by Lowry—yes, and even the people have gone into the ring almost bodily, carrying a large number of the papers. Such a case of affairs bodes good to the State, so we are told. Vote for no man for the legisla ture who is afraid for the people to vote on the whisky question by coun ties. Give the man who is afraid of the people a wide berth, lie came from the Philistine camp. It begins to look a little Lowry for the opposition in Mississippi.—N.O. Picayune. It looks so much that way that one of the opposition papers is already preparing to have his "crow" served in the most approved fashion. Bro. Martin, of the I'tica Comet, advises us to get a good roller-hoy to write our editorials for us, but after looking over his paper and seeing the disastrous effects of elevating a roller-boy to the editorial chair, we concluded to preserve the xlahis <jh<> in the Sword and Shield office. The friends of Prohibition must remember that as they are to stay in their respective parties, they are ex pected to do good work by purifying as much as possible those parties. Let no one who is a man of the saloon have office by the votes of Prohibitionists. 'Capt. Fred. Beall, of Clay county, is one of the most substantial lawyers and honorable, high-toned men in Mississippi. lie has more than once represented counter-petitions, an 1 if he thereby incurs the opposi tion of whisky men, it behooves the Prohibitionists not to forget him. Whenever members of the last Legislature announce lor re-election it would be well to consult their for mer record anil see how they stood on local option—whether they thought the "dear people" knew what they wanted or whether they thought the whisky ring knew best bow to "conserve personal liberty." Wesson is on a boom ; eight large brick stores in course of erection ; lots of candidates for post office, and six marriages one night last week.— Yazoo Sentinel. And why should it not he on a boom?—legitimate trade gets the money formerly spent in the saloon, the boys will come to see their wives oftener than if they frequented saloons—oh, it will do for girls to marry those kind of boys, and just here we wish to state that we are that kind. Dn August Iff, when the Democ racy of Mississippi together at Jackson, and with one foot supported by the Constitution and the other by the will of the people, shall take her seat on the as pirations of \\\, I)., F., et al., and shall take "Dear Bob'' on her knee, the editor of the N. M. will be heard groaning, "Burn—burn—burn this —burn—oh me!—burn the files." shall come JudgcJ. ii. Fora k er, the Republi can nominee for G jvM*nor of Dhio, challenges his Democratic oppo nent to a joint canvass, and Dr. Leonard, the Prohibition candidate, challenge's .Iudge Forakor. As the regulation of the liquor traffic will be the theme of debate and the chief objection to the Democrats is that "they are in favor of free we may look for spicy tunes. Judge will be in a bad fix when he gets between the Prohibitionist on one side and the whisky Democrat on the other, and can say nothing against one which w ill not he a:, en dorsement of the other. whisky," The We have been shown an article in th»* Raymond Gazette, "Vidette," answer it. signed by with the request that we The article has been read, but what the writer is aiming at is more than we can guess. Whether he is a Prohibitionist or a whiskyite;-whether lie believes in Christianity or does not; whether he he is aiming at the editor of ibis paper or at tin* editor of the Baptist Record ; whether lie believes in young people's courting or opposes it ; whether lie was drunk when lie wrote or is just naturally not talent ed, is all uncertain. Une thing only is plain, something had is the matter with that citizen. W. L. Mitchell, editor of the Haz lehurst Signal, announces himself as a candidate for the Legislature. He says he will not "scramble for the office," but gives the sovereigns to understand that if the lightning should strike himward, he will not dodge. W e will give any man a ginger cake who will find out what Mr. Mitchell thinks about Prohibi tion. At last accounts no man knew what he thought, unless the whisky men did. There is a lurking suspicion that his candidacy is in the interest of the repeal idea. \\ e ap point Dis. Howell, Bingham, and Lomax to feel the patient's Prohibi tion pulse, disgnose the case,and re- j port results far and wide. HON. T. F. It A N A It II ON "LOCAL OPTION." Editor Clarion : In view of the "local option" platform adopted by the State Prohibition Convention in session in Jackson last week, it may be well to consider the views of an eminent statesman on this question, written at a time when the Delaware Legislature contemplated adopting a Local Option Law." I refer to the letter of lion. T. F. Bayard herewith enclosed, and which 1 presume you will publish. Very truly, Washington, 1). C., March 8, 1881. My Dear Sir Ido not like to intrude my opinions unasked for upon members of the Legislature. 1 agree with you in thinking "local option" laws of very doubtful constitutionality, anti positive inex pediency. As I understand them they submit a law to popular VOTE, in local dis tricts, and this defeats the principle of our government, which is repre sentative in its character, and places the whole law-making power and discretion in the Legislature and not in the people in their mere nu merical force and primary capacity. If punishment of criminals w as to be adjudged and inflicted by "local^ option" instead of through acts of Legislature executed by judges and juries, it would be held wholly at variance with our theory of govern ment, and yet to apply such a rule to so widespread and daily a habit as the use of alcoholic or fermented beverages is in my judgment quite as unsafe. So far as my experience goes, a well regulated system of licenses, whereby revenue is largely, brought into the public treasury, coupled with severe penalties tor illicit sale, has proved the most efficient check upon the abuse of the liquor traffic. In many respects the question is a SUMPTUARY one, and laws attempt ing to establish sumptuary regula tions become inquisitorial and im possible of execution, so that in those communities in this country where they have been enacted, they have either aggravated the evil they were intended to prevent, or have fallen into contempt and uselessness, and been repealed. The statements I have seen of the real condition of those communities in which total Prohibition lias been attempted, have impressed me very strongly in confirmation of these views. Personal influence and example and precept, and the recognition ot »lie great truth that intemperance in the use of stimulants OF all kinds is a MORIUD PHYSICAL FACT both ill cause and effect is in my judgment, the proper view to commence with. Statistics abundantly prove that the attempted suppression by statutes of the use of alcoholic stimulants is accompanied by an increase in the use of opiates; and that open drink ing being stopped, secret drinking a Ab Conservative. in of in ; a the to are the as ensues. I do not believe any man lias a greater horror of intemperance than and my appreciation of its dan ami evil effects grows with my experience of human affairs; but the graver the evil, the more essential to apply the right principle to its cure, and for the reasons I have stated and many others, I hope the experi ment of "local option ' will not be tried by our Legislature, but increas ed checks under the license system be continued. ! gers he on en Yours sincerely, T. F. Bayard. The above letter published without comment in the Clarion of July 8th, has just come to our notice. As re is the constitutionality of local gav* option, the Supreme Court has had the misfortune to differ with Mr. As to the effectiveness of Bayard. such laws, it is only necessary to know that whisky men always oppose them, to recommend them to the Prohibitionists in Mississippi. But the objection to such a law is that it submits the question "to a popular vote in lojal districts, and this defeats in by we 1) tlu* principle of our government. Is that it ? Due of the principles of our government is that the people rule themselves, and surely it destroy that principle. can does not Another principle is that local nuis ances can be dealt with-and removed a in he in by local authorities. Does it des troy that principle ? But, says Mr. Bayard, our govern ment "is representative in its char acter and places the whole law-mak ing power in th? hands of the Leyi* hilare ." That's not so iu Mississip pi. When the N. J. & C. R. R. was being built, it was proposed that the counties through which it ran should subscribe stock ; the question came up before the legislature and an act was passed authorizing the voters of the county to decide by ballot whether or not they would subscribe. Did that violate a principle of our government? No, it was dealing with a question of taxes and county finance, and the people had the right to be beard. lie as to a j ment, Now, as a question that seriously affects finances, the liquor traffic is a question tor the people. And, more, it is a question of police regulation, ami all such questions are matters that eminently concern the people, and must go to them for final settle Mr. Bayard's objections can have but little weight in Mississippi, where local option iu one form has already been granted. Prohibition ists only want another and more general law, and according to Mr. B's idea, it must be a better law since it embraces more territory and is ''government on a larger scale. So far as my experience goes," says Mr. Bayard, "a well regulated system of license * * * has proved the most effectual check upon the abuses of the liquor traffic." Alas, for Mr. Bayard's experience ! cense the best way to check the abuse of the liquor traffic! ever heard of stopping an evil by al lowing it to go on ? Mr. Bayard does little honor to his reputation as a statesman when he voices such a to for nu to of and at as a a im and the very ot in is ill the of is the ' * a Li W bo Prohibitory laws would sentiments, he violated, of course, just as other laws are, but the license law is vio lated, and yet Mr. Bayard declared in la vor of such a policy being con tinued. Just here we will say what we be lieve the common sense ot our read ers will bear out: The license laws arc* violated more than prohibitory laws would be, because there are more loopholes of escape in the license law than in a prohibitory Bar-tenders are marvellously blind as to age. It is very hard next to, and often quite impossible— to tell a fifteen or sixteen year old boy from a 21 or 22 year old man. It is quite as impossible to find that precise line which divides the mod erate drinker from a drunkard, so for tear he will refuse to sell to one man who is a moderate drinker, the I poor bar tender sells to a hundred who drink themselves drunk two or three times a week. These difficulties and the fact that he has all the appliances in his favor, that he keeps a full supply of liquers on hand which may le, and continually are sold in violation f the law, ami the difficulty of proof, stand greatly in the way of the exe cution ol the present laws. On the other hand, a law prohibiting any such sales, in toto, would deprive the saloon man of any advantages of un certain age or habits ot his custoin . He could r.ot keep on hand a constant stock ot liquors to tempt The law would deprive him law. ers them. of the right to keep the appliances for its own violation, the supply of liquors and the bar-room fixtures being taken as prima facie evi dence of violation of law, and a man fourni drunk would be such evidence against illicit whisky seller, that they would be compelled to be care ful about selling very much to one a than dan my the to be man. It is no doubt true that there will be a certain amount of secret drink ing it open drinking is suppressed, but we challenge Mr. Bayard to affirm that there will be m .re secret drinking than there is of open drinking, or that the influence ol that secret drinking will be more detrimental to society. His asser tion that an increased use of opiates follows the "attempted suppression of alcoholic* beverages' shows that he believed that Prohibition prohib its, at least enough to make men take to some other stimulants. Secondarily, he is in favor of licensing the liquor traffic to keep men from using opium, but it is not and cannot be the policy of just government to foster one evil to out rank another, or to make it easy to oonur.it one special crime in order that men may not commit another. What we write about you, Bro. Martin, is not in a spirit of censure, but for your good. When you get so you can hold your own with us you will be prepared to lay aside your ink roller and t«ke up your pen in good earnest. 1 gave my Sword and Shield to a friend who was a great drunkard, . and he and his wife devoured its contents every week and he said to me, "it was worth its weight in gold to me." He quit drinking entirely. —A. J. Atkinson. We have said that Prohibitionists could not do a better thing than to take the Sword and Shield and give it to their friends. We wish 1,000 would follow Mr, Atkinson's example. If the Prohibitionists wish to suc ceed in West Point they must organ ize. If they will not do this, if they do not feel enough interested in the cause to spend some time and money in it; if they cannot work harmon iously together, hand in hand and shoulder to shoulder ; if they cannot lay aside all petty prejudices and animositias, they had j ust as well quit the drive—give up the ship. It is impossible to succed without thor ough orgahizàtion. You cannot, with undisciplined troops, hope to meet a disciplined army and over come it. Then organize, organize, organize, Let every Prohibitionist put his shoulder to the wheels and push with all his might. This is the only way to insure success.—Olay 0'omity Loader. 8th, re had Mr. of to the But that 1) of it troy was the ( act of our a OKU A NIZ AVION ESSEN Tl AI. SUCCESS. TO There is no doubt at all but that the Prohibitionists right now hold the balance 01 power in Mississippi. This being true, we will show our selves unworthy our cause it we do power in securing not utilize the such a Legislature as will give us local option by counties, no secrets to keep, have been given to the four winds of the earth, possible, to beat every candidate for the next Legislature who is unwill ing to pledge himself to vote for a bill relegating the whisky question to the people by counties, know this is just to all parties cerned. we must organize just ouglily as possible, the white people the colored people. It is sincerely hoped and expected that the whites will give special attention to the col ored people. They are with us in large numbers at heart, but need assistance. We have Our purposes We intend, as far as \\v COIl To *lo the work in hand, as thor Organize and organize The first thing accomplished by organization is it brings people to gether in the interest ot a common cause, and petty differences are for gotten. It solidifies effort. A point of vast importance is made, to start with, when we get the temperance forees in each county working earn estly to accomplish our object, and without this we cannot reasonably expect large results. Another point will be gained, the impression will be made that we are in real earnest, not playing with the matter, t.'an didates, in order to do the right thing, very much need to receive this impression. Then there are many waiting to see this evinced be fore they came into our ranks, great many men have not reached the point where conviction impells them to give allegiance to cur cause, but they infinitely prefer being with us for the sake of good company if they see we have the courage of our J ° convictions. Again, organization arrests publie 0,0 . . 1 T , attention and causes reflection. It nothing more could be accomplished A by organization than to cause the public mind to rest upon the wretch ed prostitution of morality, society and finances wrought by the liquor traffic, it would be more than worth the undertaking. But that w ill not be the end of it ; men who think will act, and act wisely, in the main. This is just the thing wanted. Let's have it at once. Moreover, organi zation strengthens conviction and encourages the work, amount of villifying has been and is yet to be done by whisky men, and it takes some courage to bear up under it—just a little more than some good people have, if they must stand alone. But let these know that be sides being in the right, the crown and glory of the land stand around them and it will give them a wonder ful amount of nerve, and they will make splendid workers. Organization creates enthusiasm, and our cause can bear a large amount of it without hurting any thing. We want Prohibitionists to become so enthused that they will talk Prohibition everywhere—in the home,around the table, in the parlor. Let the young ladies talk it to their visitors, and invite them to join the club with them. Talk Prohibi tion in town when you go to trade, because the merchants say if there are no saloons in town you won't go there to trade. Repel the vile slan der with your enthusiasm for Prohi bition. To conclude, the results of organi zation bring victory, and it will come in no other way. Every one may be assured of that fact. So, now, here it is, if we want to succeed, we will organize, meet and discuss different phases of ,the Prohibition question. Send for literature, which is very cheap, distribute it, have public dis cussions, have the ladies to read says, recite selections. In short, press the work. Semi us 2 cent stamp and get Constitution and By-Laws. A vast es use j No time is required for a new vice to become acclimate,! or naturalized in this country. Just at present the New York papers are greatly excited over the discovery of numerous opium joints. It was not until after a careful investigation that people could be convinced of the extent ot the evil. But New York was ready for anything in the shape of dissipa tion. The Chinamen opened their opium joints and men, women and children came forward to patronize them. To what extreme this de grading oriental evil will be cirried remains to be seen. In a land where hundreds of thousands of people liquor, morphine and chloral to cess, we may expect opium smoking to claim many victims. So we go, from bad to worse.—Atlanta Consti tution. ex KILLED IN HIS SALOON. Last Monday at Kosciusko a most revolting tragedy was enacted. P. Avery was killed in his saloon by town marshal W. A. Shipper, facts, as we learned them on the ground, are about those: On Satur day night previous to the killing, Avery's younger brother was drunk, and Shippey arrested and jailed him, the deceased became J. The whereupon surety for his brother's appearance in the mayor's court on But the offender j 1 ! i Monday lelt morning. Monday morning, without appearing court, the deceased proposing to pay the fine for him. Thin proceed- j mg greatly displeased the marshal, -| T i i * • ,i ! who declined to receive the money. which ended in j the liiarutwl** »hooting Avery .nee j through the left arm and once through the heart. Another shot .? , , . ,• i . .*.., , i fired but did not take ifleet. j Auery died almost instantly, and Shippey gave himself up to the . • *i l ! sheriff and was jailed. i This is quite terrible enough to be j in l i i.„f ; f ! the end of one drunken spite, t does not end here. The deceased in Hot words ensued, was no saloon in tragedy would not have ; God comfort the heart-broken widow if and burden the conscience ofpetition ! signers with the proportion ot their 1 ,, T . , , | ^uilt. We would not have to con 1 Iront that widow and lwrtwo father , I i i *i *]»*» ; n( i (nn p„t qo q It I less childitn at the ju l 0 inti t, « • s *g ner ot ' wlusk * v Petitions in Kos ciusko for all the world. God pity , , 111*^ ,,.i, the man who has helped to woik = No one could have learned with more pleasure than ourself of the « / . ,• ii4* j »« c* good fortune of our old inend L. S Wilson, the consumptive editor ot the New Mississippian, in securing the lucrative appointment as lie ceivcr of Public Moneys in Wyom-! mg. And we earnestly hope that the bracing mountain air will revive , . , , , ,, , . * • him, and hi mg back the coloi to Ins, wasted cheeks. We have heard of men going W'est to grow up with the country, but if the country grows up with him, it will do a large business. And if he ,i . . *ii grows any more the country will P* * * have to grow. We know it will be more pleasant for him out where the country is thinly populated and he will have more room. But we hate to lose him, and with the Rocky Mountains and E l both on the Western side of this thing we are afraid she'll tilt.— Comet. innocent wife, who is in very deli-j , , , • 4 .I,,' cate health, is prostrated by the tragedy and her life is almost de s „,n-„iol. Who » responsible for this good womans heart-aches anil w idowhood ? The signers of whisky ..... „ , petitions m Kosciusko, most tei Certain wise (?) ones have "if von will ta inly. a blane way of saying, let whisky alone it will let you Let this innocent woman's , , ... . ,. . heart-breaks forever give the lie to such sophistry. No man or woman is sale as l„n,. „ .Wro «re open saloons. alone." It is most likely that this case will cost the groaning tax-payers of Attala county a thousand or fifteen A Ilad there been hundred dollar. Kosciusko this sad occurred. is it to to go be their unhappiness. Afraid Slie'll Tilt. It is all nonsense to think of legis lating men into holiness. When the appetite is involved, you have got to control through moral suasion, ,, t 4 * . - through education. It is un- Amen can, it is absurd, to enforce a law against an appetite. If you suppress tim evil outwardly, you but drive it under cover. — From a Judge's Let m. ii , .j „ ... 1 lien ivliy ,lo you lavor the sup pression ot the Chinese Opium dens? Would you permit men to make, sell, buy and use all the opium they pleased ? Why do you favor the closing of houses ot ill fame in the public streets? Why attempt to ! . , . • . *4 v r *. *. leg.slate men into purity? Isn t it, un-American to seek to control pas sion as well as appetite by law ? Permit houses of ill-fame to become ter. as numerous and public as our grog shops, and tens of thousands of our young men whose passions are now asleep would be set aflame and fall. It is the business of government to make it easy to do right, and har, l to do wrong.—Voice. UEAII THIS Counties and committees desiring \o secure the services of a Prohibi tion speaker, can do so by applying at this office. We hope to hear from every county and community that wishes the benefit of an address on Prohibition. We are also prepared to furnish on application a copy of the Constitu tion and By-laws, recommended by the State Executive Committee for the organization of Prohibition clubs. Send a two-cent stamp and got one immediately. We must or ganize without delay. SPECIMEN COPIES. We will take pleasure in sending specimen copies to any who would like to work for the paper. The friends of temperance and Prohibi tion could not do a better thing for the cause than to circulate the j Sword and Shield. tf tf tciTi'itiiii:. X i M n i' < 'on For two months |>:ist Colonel A. Lou don Snowden, cx-Superinti iident of jin; Mint at Philadelphia, lias been working upon an invention to render feiting the United States coinage practi cally impossible. Some weeks ago he ruade a wooden model of his own with a twice bisected collar, which was in teuded to form raised letters upon the peripheries of the United States coins. After this had been tested he had sev eral steel collars made upon the same pattern and adjusted to the silver coinage pres: For davs and weeks eoiiuter enormous of tIn* ( 'ololll'l toggle* I mint. pcr»«;v**r**,l in experiments Snowden j that were often most disheartening, for 1 he fourni it a nearly intpo-siblo task to ! adjust the opening and shutting i bisect***! collar to the rapid But recently a final experiment of the motion of dies. was made, and it was a perfect >uecess. j 0 f round silver pieces, as >mooth -| as iee and as glistening as dew ! were placed m a tall hollow tube at tin* (,ut»;r edge of the press. These pieces j were embryo silver dollars. j ""S' SlEwa" ^ that it would work simultaneously with the opening ami shutting of tin* collar. i After the fly-wheel of the coining piv>s j had ma d c i few revolutions, the travel j u „ metal claws were adjusted to grasp the first round silver piece, ami then tin* ! machine was put at full speed, i s jj ver tlollars were stamped and lettered j by the new collar, ami began to pour f ! into the trav beneath like metallic hail, The shower of precious metal was al i owc d to continue without interruption Imps. With Tin . a LaVthqù.-i'k**. U kingdom j„ the northwest part of India. in**lint mg ' alt * of * a>imi,*n\ mad** lam ons tiv tin* poet Moon*. N*nngm*. the c . ;l j,i t .\|. i, as a population of about on.* looi.lr,-,! ao.l tW*£-««; tin,,„ami It q extends about tour nines along both • sidos of a duep and placid stream, about tlim . Imn.ln .i f.***t wid**. From its *h ! lightful situation and innumerable cau als, Seringur lias been called tin; Venice of Asi;i . £ nt t]u , ( . itv is< lhe most ! part, extrenioly filthy. The houses, j which are generally dilapidated, an* I built of thin bricks, with timber frames, many of them three stories high. .Sixty thousand persons can worship iu the »><>*!"«■• The capital is the center ot the shawl manufacture of < ashmen*, Thc> mt . n aiv tall? robust . well-forme, 1. ot und industrious; the women famous for their beauty and line complexions. They j are a gay people, fond of pleasure, lit endure and poetry, but are represent*«! lj . v ,mu, . v travelers as peerless in eiin 1 »ing ami avarice, and notorious* a«t • j dieted to king. Notwithstanding the Ins, i H .. lU | V t) f then* vale, the population, since the beginning of the present cen tmy, has been reduced from «00,000 to if Ahi,oo 0 by it earthquakes. he * lor, '* m ls l'*'* die British Government *ii ! came into control, but uumediatelv.soul ! ; . the country tor p.s. *.j 0 , 000 . I he present ruler, by a compact made at the time of t he purchase, is to b** assiste»! by the is British iu defending himself against his j of for two minutes, when the coining pres were ex , , .... was stopped and the doliais a . uiuetl The test confirmed ali expect atious. As each one of the expert M j ters appeared upon the edge, distinct, j gleaming, and without a Haw whatever. I Between the legend upon the eye of tic* ; uuW com ,.j. : pi ur ibus Uumn," silver I six-pointe*! stars appeared, as delicately ! formed as if graven under a microscope. The die work upon both sides of tin* r dollars was clear and without int ! i new ; perfection of any km,!. . The new corn ean not be mutated by coUUtcr f e jter.s because it cannot made in a mold or by any process t lifted out of a mold without injury 1» ; the lines upon their he e\ edges are of au*l cannot he taken out, except 1>\ in juring them and mutilated the molds. caust straight up and down, have letters and stars on 'The new unes their edges. Cashmere. pestilence, famine, ami Under the treatv of La enemies. Grant's Last Speech. W luit is believed to have been Gen. Grant's last public speech was made at a meeting of the chaplains of the north ern and southern armies held at Ocean Grove, N. J., in August last. At the gathering in the great auditorium, Rev. to J- Palmer, of New \*»rk, who en hsted at the age ot t am »»•*wv*d a - through the war, mail** au address <>t Wl . k . oUllN do , iu „. :ls f„ii ows: -The man j u ik*.xible iu peace, j calm iu defeat, magnanimous in vic it j lory—such a man, 1 say, can never he j belittled or disgraced by the sharks aud the sharpers of Wall street." When I the cheers, which continue»! for more t|um |ivo v ullt ,. s a . last G( . u (;railt t . allu . fonV! ,n!. ami. resting painfully ou Lis crutch, said in a low voice, which, however, could he heard distinctly iu the death-like hush: hour ago 1 might have mad»* to : but uow I a... almost atr:..»l to try. *. know, as few cau. tin* «rood tlioe ciiap it, laius have llulu .. Thui*. of the *,*..>!, j ]atioll t)ll , v i, av »* -ivcu to the ,ick au, l ? I dying; th'mk of ' the last mo I the boys in the field they have auxioii', sorrowing moiiiers aud fathers i have not words to express 1 appre T'hc sentence was never 'Tears stood iu the general s seat 'This is be invincible iu war, "An speech. 1 ages of sent to to to at hum»;! my thanks for this vvekoim*. ciate" finished. eyes, aud he dropped back iu his with a suppressed .-oh. iieved to be Gen. Grant's last formal appearance iu public, lie was driven back that uight to his cottage at Loug Branch. One of the latest of Mr. Gladstone's critics, Mr. T. 1 *. O'Connor, sai s of his appearance iu the house of commons: "He is the very genius of the place; his presence or absence makes all the difference whether parliament is infin itely interesting or abysmally dull, 'The. chief reason of this is that he js so frankly human, There is not an emo tion of the sensitive and weak human heart of which he is not the ready vic tim; attack enrages, praise delights, trouble worries, disaster grieves him. Through all the gamut of human feel ing he passes iu a single ni*r'it; and ho has a temperament that brings the ex pression of every emotion without a second's delay to his face. This change able and infinite play of passion i" a drama which is carried on nightly in the house of commons before the gen eral and public eye; it is a mighty 'and potent personality displaying before the whole attentively gazing world the 'nudity of his soul.'' * * Every de duction from Mr. Gladstone's character still leaves him supreme emiueuce as Lugland s greatest member of parlia ment."