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WOMAN'S BEST FRIEND.
Elisabeth Cady Stanton and Her Great Life Work. Tha Ftmeu Advocate of Female Mufrraft-e ad Kqul Rlsjhts Now Klghty Inn f Age -Some Rrforma She 11m AoeomplUhed- Written for Ttalt Paper.) On November 12, 1815, ai born to Judge Daniel Cady and Margaret Liv ingston Cady, at Johnstown, N. Y., a daughter destined to become famoui all over the world at a friend of the oppressed, a crusader against legal in justice to wanen, a leader among true reformers, scd the equal in wit, elo quence, learning and real statesman hip of the foremost men of America. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the 80th n ni versa ry of whose birth is about to I celebrated, waa a child of marked intellectual ability, and had the bene fits of a thorough education. Ilex at tention waa early called to the marked differences made by society between the training of boys and girls, mani festly to the detriment of her own sex, and she was quick to perceive that the law s of the land were in direct conflict with the natural rights of women. Ue ing in the habit as a child of spending much time in the law ofiice of her fa ther, she there heard discussions on the injustice of those laws, and in her child ish innocence she wished to cut out of the law books the obnoxious statutes, thinking that this would abolish the legal wrongs. One of her first disappointments was the refusal of Union college to admit her to its courses because the was a woman, and this led her to think more seriously of the injustice put upon women by custom and prejudice. Tak ing up the study of law she became thoroughly conversant with that sub ject, especially with the luws relating to women; knowledge that has been of the greatest usefulness to her in her chosen work. Soon after her marriage in 1840 to Henry lirewster Stanton, the anti-slavery orutor, journalist and au thor, she went to London as a delegate to the anti-slavery convention. Ilecnuse she was a woman she was ret used a sent in the convention; but there she met Lueretia Mott, the fore most female character in American history. This chance uepuaintance hip pointed out to Mrs. Stanton her MRS. ELIZABETH own field of work, in to which she entered with all the zeal of an enthusiast. The American women determined thut when they returned to America they would have a woman's convention, but this was not held until 1848, ut Seneca Falls.N. Y.,whereMr.and Mrs. Stanton were then living. Mrs. Stanton was the chief agent in calling the convention, and wrote the resolutions and declara tion of the aims of the convention. One of the resolutions was the first decla ration in favor of woman suffrage, and rend as follows: Iteaolved. Tbnt It la the duty at ton women of this country to secure to themselves their sacred right to the elective franchise. Old Judge Cady thought his distin guished daughter must have lost her mind when he read this resolution, went to see her, and tried to reason her out of her position, but without suc cess, for she was made of as stern stuff os he when it cHine to maintaining what he believed to be right. In this mat ter she was in advance of some of the most noted reformers of her own sex. notably Lueretia Mott, who tried to dissuade Mrs. Stanton from pressing the franchise eluuse in the Seneca Falls convention, but five years luter, at the Clevclund convention, proposed to have it adopted in honor of Mrs. Stanton. Her hard and earnest work as crusader nguinst the unjust laws relating to married women may be said to have be gun in 1S34, when she addressed the .New York legislature on the rights of married women, at which time she demonstrated her unusual ability as on orator nnd jurist. About this time nlso she began her advocacy of laws allowing divorce for drunkenness on the part of the husband, and addressed the New York legislature on that sub ject in 1900. Again in 1807 she wns be fore! the legislature and the constitu tional contention of New York, main taining that during revision of the con stitution the state was resolved into its original elements.nnd that therefore citizens of both sexes had the right to vote for members ef the convention. From 1655 to 1865 Mrs. Stanton was president of the national committee of the suffrage party. In 1SG3 she was president of the Woman's Loyal league, and until 1890 was the president of the Nat ional Woman's Su ff rage association. When Mrs. Stanton be-jan her work for women she found the condition of married women under the common law almost us degraded as that of the slave on the southern plantation. The Seneca Falls declarations demanded all that the most radical friends of the woman's rights movement have since demanded: Equal rights in the colleges and uni versities, in the trades and professions, the right to vote, to share in all political offices, honors and emoluments, to com plete equality in marriage, to personal freedom, to property, wages aud chil dren; to make contracts, to sue and to be sued, and to testify in courts of jus tice, foremost In the advocacy of nil these thing, Mrs. Stabton was one ol the first dress reformers of the country, and one of the first women to wear bloomers, more than 40 years ago. Little by little have some of the re forms demanded in IMS been brought about, though some so gradually that it seems now as though there never w as a time when the American married woman had absolutely no rights under the law other than the right not to be murdered. Mrs. Stanton's public addresses, whether before conventions of women or before state legislatures, arc classics. In her address before the New York as sembly in 1860 on the bill pending to give woman the right of suffrage, she spoke of the natural rights of woman as inalienable: "We do not nsk man to represent us," she said. "It is hard enough in times like these for man to carry backbone enough to represent himself. So long as the mass of men spend most of the time on the fence, not knowing which way to jump, they arc surely in no position to tell us where we had better stand." One of her first triumphs against legislative prejudice was the passage of the act concerning the rights and liabilities of husband nnd wife by the New York assembly in March, 1800. She was an early advocate of health ful exercise nnd of rational clothing for girls. "The girls must be allowed to romp and play," she said in 1S51, "climb, skate and swim; her clothing must be more like that of the boy strong, loose-fitting garments, thick boots, etc., that she may be out at all times and enter freely into all kinds of sports." The young women who now ride wheels, play tennis, and engage in other healthful exercise without be ing frowned upon as hoydens by the community, have much for which to be grateful to Mrs. Stanton. Speaking CADY STANTON. of dress in 1853 she said: "A true mar riage relation has far more to do with the elevation of woman than the style and cut of her dress." Nothing ever discouraged her in her work except the listlessuess and ap athy of the women themselves, ninny of whom claimed, in answer to every appeal, that they had all the rights they wanted. To Lucy Stone she wrote in 18J6: "We may continue to hold con ventions, we may talk of our right to vote, to legislate, to hold property, but until we can arouse in womuu a prop er self-respect Bhe will hold in con tempt the demands we now make for our sex." A hard worker for coeduca tion and for equal rights in education, she has seen the barriers to those right torn away from the doors of many of the great institutions of the country; and has seen state after state enact laws giving to married women the right to control their own property, to vote at school elections, as well us other rights long denied. Some of the fruits of her great work may be seen in state constitutions, such ns that of Colorado and Texas, from which the word "male" has been omitted; while in Wyoming and Utah woman has full suffrage. When she legun her work the bare proposition that women could hold public otlice cutis fuctorily was looked upon as evi dence of insanity or worse; but now in several states women are eligible as school superintendents, and -many women hate held the ofiice of postmas ter. She has taught the world, as much by her noble example and churacter as by her writings and addresses, thut character, even womanly character, does not and cannot suffer from too much breadth of thought, nor from too active a sympathy in and too large an acquaintance with human interests aud affairs, but must become more and more enriched by larger ideas, larger experience and greater activities. Quoted, ridiculed and abused into fame, the world w ill before long come to recognize Elizabeth Cady Stanton ns one of its truly great women and one of the great characters of America. She has fulfilled the prophecy of the good old friend of her childhood. Iter. Simon Hosaek, who taught her Greek and said: "Dear child, it is your mis sion to help mold the world anew." 1 1 !fyi a KATE GARDNER'S CHAT. Royal Stuffs Demanding; Royal Purses Are the Rag-e. Velvets Which Are Truly (lorcroiu Kvea Though They May Be In Poor Taate Blouea Erlveti Out by Louis XV. I'wU. Special Chicago letter. The materials most sought after at the present moment are fine face cloths and velvets that call for fur and jet as their trimmings royal stuffs demand ing plethoric purses. The face cloths of to-dny are in ele gance and finish like unto those of yes terday, but yesterday's velvet gave forth TB1MMED IX TUB LATEST STYLE. no hint of the gorgeous splendor of those now in vogue. Some are printed on white grounds in such gay, not to say striking, colors as to be only lit for opera wear and the most elegant oc casions. In sharp contrast to these gaily-colored ones is a pretty leaf pattern in subdued green on grounds of dull red, old blue and silver grey. These latter will be mostly used for waists and the new Louis XV. coat which will be much worn as the seuson advances. The love ly flower designs on colored and bluck grounds are intended for sleeves and bodice trimmings, and will also be used for the new panel trimming outlined with jet. Happily these printed vel vets are held at such a figure that they can never become common, aud the same may be written of the dainty chintz-flowered silks which are their companions In beauty and price. Many of the handsomest reception and evening gowns are made of plain colored or black velvet; and when one is cut a la urincy" by a master hand, nnd given luxurious trimmings of suble, it makes a regal garment and one any woman would be happy to count among her most cherished possessions. A gown fashioned in this way was In a lovely pale shade of green, trimmed with narrow bauds of sable round the hem and square-cut neck, while the short purled sleeves were of transpar ent jeweled muslin finished by a band of the fur fastened by small emerald clasps. I might remark in passing that the princess dress has been re stored to its old-time popularity, which will be pleasing news to many women. It is a gow n easy to get into and is gen erally becoming, provided one is not too scraggy nor on the other hand too plump. Chinchilla fur is the idol of the hour and promises to become almost price less, should the furor for using it con- fl. I, ' i i.r lis . 4 LOUIS XT. COAT. tinne any length of time. It trims many of the most stylish gowns and outer garments Imported for midwin ter wear and has even invaded the do main of milinery a velvet toque trimmed on the left side w ith three stiff chinchilla tails being quite the proper caper. It really makes an ideal trim ming on dark cloth or velvet, and de spite its delicate color does not read ily show soil, and is also easily cleaned Next in popular favor is the soft, band carscute w hich is much used for band trimming and can be bought in any of the fashionable widths. In the more expensive bands the edges are coh ered with white satin upon w hich are stitched rows and row s of the narrow est black silk braid, giving a lovely silver-like effect, es pleasing as it is un common. A chic, up-to-date fancy is, when the skirt is given a trimming of caracule, to have the dress the same, w ith a jew Jilii m ) XA y eled belt worn round the waist. It makes an exceedingly swell costume, but can only be suucessfully worn by the tall, slender w oman. A gown I saw in Slate street yesterday had this Idea tery prettily carried out. Tl e bodice and hem of the skirt were of caracule, the former boasting the long shoulder team outlined with jet, while the skirt and sleeves were of tun-colored face cloth. At the neck was a high choker collar w ith six turned-over tabs just what all well-regulated collars should Lave, the simple, undraped ones of last season leing absolutely unknown to the fashions of the moment. There is so much lilerty allowed in lioth gowns and hats this season that a woman can dress herself according to ber own sweet will, cun wear what is becoming and still be in the fashion. The only thing she must have is a very J full skirt, itself. ho boilice can tuke care VO The latest skirts are made enormous ly full without godets, and absolutely without stiffening. They are much plaited in the back, hare three sinali plaits on each hip and fall in long, graceful folds all around. I should like to emphasize what 1 said before, that there are no godnts and no stiffening. For street and daytime wear skirts re liiain severely plain, excepting when flir bands are used; but for evening dresses the best modistes use a garni ture of ribbon nnd laee or bands of dark fur, and sometimes all three in combi nation. The skirt garniture in the pic ture is one much used on gowns intend ed for small evening affairs. Among recent iniiortutions one sees very few separate blouses to be worn with any skirt. The little Louis XV. coats have replaced them, except for evening wear. These coats, while ex ceedingly pretty in themselves, have the added charm of novelty and are bound to take immensely. They can be mude as elaborate as one's fancy and purse will permit, or, on the other hand, in severe simplicity. In the lat ter case their only ornnmentution are handsome buttons In some unique de sign. The prettiest ones, however, are nmde to open over u vest of either jew eled muslin, luce or dark fur with brand, sharply-pointed revers which end at the waist under two large paint ed porcelain buttons. An exceedingly picturesque model in dark green bro caded satin had a w ide collar of white cloth embroidered in shaded giee-n . Jil JlH Ur-TO-UATE CAPE. silk and edged with silver fox, while tha vest, ulso of silver-fox, opened over an inner one of the white embroidered cloth. Another extremely stylish de sign is the one shown in the picture made of black velvet and worn w ith a skirt of dark blue chintz flow ered silk. The pointed opening over the checked silk plustron is something entirely dif ferent from the usual mode nnd allows some latitude in the matter of garni ture. In this instance the trimming toil.-dsts of square tabs made of canury cofored, striped ribbon w ith dainty jew eled buttons placed near the shoulders and at the wuist. I have seen Borne lovely things in the way of theater bodices made of white chiffon with an applique of fine black lace. Sometimes by way of variety tho lace is traced with silver sequins and the bodice finished with a narrow belt of jewels on gold galloon. Others I saw were of printed velvet, very elegant and rich-looking, but I cannot recommend this material uulest one can afford a good dressmaker. No ill-made bodice ever looks in the least degree like a well-made one, and it re quires the hand of an expert to con trive a collar band and properly put iu a sleeve, when made of heavy velvet. ( apes will be the wrap most worn this season, ns they are best adapted to the toilettes now in vogue. The new f hupes are not long enough to conceal the figure, and yet of sullicient length to cover the arm and afford some warmth. Of course, a cape of fine fur is the most desirable of all possessions just now, but it is quite beyond the reach of many, so an excellent substi tute has been provided in the shape of handsome cnjies of velours du nord. The one in the illustration is made of this ideal material, and one cannot make a mistake in copying it. The epaulettes are of jet fixed into rosette on the shoulder and the w ide collar is f. x. The back is cut so as to fall in two loose pluits, which add much to the charm and cleganceof the garment. A very Frenchified and chic cajw is made of blue and black plaid velvet with trimmings of white cloth and an infinitesimal edging of gold braid. A cloth cae not the leust bit "dowditied" had clotli ajvplique work, elaborately Xtted, placed round the edge and front with a broad, comfortable-looking col Itr of Astrakhan bordered with black n, art in. This garment should recom mend itself to the elderly matron who is ever deploring fashion's inattentions to her needs. Kate GAnoxEn. Typewriter for tha Blind. A typewriter for the use of the blind has just been invented. It works like sn ordinary typewriter in impressing Uie print of letters, but also makes a raised cut on the other side by whio the blind can read. i t-. . A 1 -1 9i sW I A I SENATORIAL LEADERS. Calvin Brloe, of Ohio, Is a Man of Great Strength. The Karly Kirns;! of Menatnr Terklna, f tallfornla-lfavld Bnry-tt Mill Highly Esteemed at W ashing tonOther Hralny Moo. Special Waahtastoa Letter. Senator Calvin S. lirice, of Ohio, is one of the ablest men in public life to day. It is true, he is accused of being a very rich man, but his oldest friends know that he has a right to be rich, for he accumulated his own fortune, lie was a very poor boy, very homely and w ithout any Indications of genius that nnylxxiy could see. He was jolly and good-natured, even if he was poor; so . i 1.. .i i. w i.. u.. . i j fVA"B uul" I,c BrL 111 "7 1 ,vjv i w u i.n- tlOn. He is emmeutly a self-made man, and his history is worthy of emulation by any young man in the land, lie is just SO years of age, but he looks much younger. His bushy hair is dark brown and his thick beard isalmostred. He looks somewhnt like a Hebrew, but Is of straight Anglo-Saxon stock. Ills father was a Presbyterian minister, and lirice is a religious man, although not active in church work. Wiien the Pres byterian general ussembly was held here two years ago. Senator I'.rice w as called on for a little contribution to help defray the expenses of the locnl churches, and he gave IIOO, greatly to the surprise of the clergyman, who never dreamed of getting more than $:.'0 from any one man. When only 16 years old young lirice enlisted in the 8(ith Ohio infantry. He came out of the war a captain, in July, 18CS, before he was quite 20 years old. He then studied law, practiced, aud finally be came engaged in business enterprises which have made him weulthy. He has been au active working democrat for many years, and has served his party with great distinction. He is oue of the most genial, likeable men in the senate, and is an important factor in all legislation. Senator George C. Perkins, of Califor nia, is S6 years of age, having been born in 1839 iu Kenuebunkport, Me. He Is regarded as oue of the rich men of the senate, and he also is entitled to enjoy his accumulations, for he was a very poor boy and made his own way in the world. He was reared on a farm, but. when only 12 years old, be shipped as a cabin boy, and spent several years at sea in that humble capacity. He then shipped before the must as a commoa sailor and went all the, way to Califo:- nia in thut capacity. It was a rough experience for a boy only 16 years oid, but he was hearty, healthy, ambitious and strong, so he did not mind the hard ships. When he reached California he went to Oroville; where he engaged in business and rapidly prospered. Me then engaged iu bunking, mining, mill ing and steamship business. During the past 23 years he has been building, buying aud operating steamships in the l'acifiu ocean, from Mexico, California, Oregon, Washington and British Co lumbia clear up to Alaska. He was elected governor of California iu 187!'. and w as appointed to the senate in 189'i to succeed Senator Stanford, w ho died while a member of the renate. His term ENATOIl CIOIIUE C. PEHK INS, CALIFORNIA. of service will expire March 4, 1807, but he will probably be reelected to succeed himself for a full term of six years. Senator Perkins is one of the most un pretentious men 1 have ever met with in public life, lie has no coldness or difliileuce In private conversation; but on the contrary is as entertaining as any mun in private life could be, and in bis presence no one can feel embar rassed because of his high posit ion. As a matter of fuct, the poor boys who have made their own fortunes and become prominent never assume the "airs" that are put on by some who are born rich. Senator Perkins is an orator of great ability, and when he addresses the senate receives the respectful attention of a large audience. Senator David Dennett Hill, of New York, is a man worthy of bis great rep utation. When only 21 years old he was admitted to the bar, began the practice ol law, and was appointed city attorney ef Elmira. He has been in public life, almost constantly, and has acquitted himself creditably on all oc casions. When he was first elected to the senate, his critics said that he w ould link out of sight in that august assem blage. He did not sink. He Is not a sinker. Be quietly attended to his sen atorial duties until the silver fight of 191, whaa ba participated in debaU V I t if 'i rt e.'-."--- SENATOR C.VLVIH g. BRICE, OHIO. l 1 of It nd gave utterance to strong opinions. When the tariff debate of 18U4 occupied ths attention of the senate, he spoke a number of times, and then received rec ognition for his true worth. He bad been called "nothing but a politician; but then he showed himself to be a con stitutional lawyer and statesman equal to the best men who had ever held posi tions upon the senate floor. He refused to vote for a tariff bill which included the income tax clause, and concluded his speech by saying: "Sink or swim, survive or perish. 1 cannot and w ill not vote for this bill." Ho was the only democrat who voted against the meas ure. Since that time the supreme court has sustained Senator Hill, by declaring the income tax unconstitutional. He is a great man, but like many other great men is not appreciated for hie real worth by his own generation. We do not always elect our greatest men to the presidential ofiice. Blaine, Tbur man. Clay, Webster and others of like renown could not reach the white house. No greater men of their generations achieved the honor. So it seems will be the case with the great senator from New York, who has aspired to the high est honor in the gift of the people. Hie party, as a whole, does not seem to have appreciated him at his true worth. Senator Orville H. Piatt, of Connec ticut, has been a senator for 18 years, and will probably be elected to succeed himself for a fourth term. The sen sible people of the New England states aud of the sutithern states are accustomed to retaining their good men iu public life until they become strong and influential in national af fairs. But the people of the middle states and of the western states have not all of them yet learned the value of e.'rience in public uffairs, and they change their public servant all too often. Senator P.utt was for many years chairman of the commit tee on territories. It was during his chalrmunship thut the states of Mon tana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington, Idaho and Wyoming were admitted to the union. He has served his state and the nation with distinc tion, and his labors have been diligent, continuous and painstaking. He is a member of the important and exacting committees on the judiciary, patents, Indian affairs and revision of the laws. It takes time, strength and sun?rior ability to fulfill the functions of mem bership of those committees of the sen ate. He is a modest, quiet, unpreten tious senator, but his standing in tha senate is of an enviable character. He is a forceful public speaker, and his SEXATOK WILLIAM F. VILAS, WI8C0NBIX, remarks are weighty, because of hie high rank aud splendid reputation. Nobody ever questions the correctness of his statements, no matter how parti sun the debates may become. He la one of the great men and one of the good men of this age. Senator William F. Vilas, r,f Wiscon sin, is a man of great ability. He is 5S venrs of age, but still in the vigor of virile and aggressive strength. His life has been a busy one, and he is never huppy unless he is busy. I had the good fortune to serve him as a Bubor (iinato for a short time when he was postmaster-general aud learned to ap preciate his qualities of heart as well as bruin. He w as a soldier during the civil war, then studied law and has practiced ever since. While he Was postmaster general and secretary ef the interior he performed more work than any other two memlwra of the cabinet. He is a great orator, and it was largely due to his personal efforts that the state of Wisconsin was carried by the demo crats in 1890, with the result that he was elected to the senate to succeed Senator Spooner, who, by the way, was a magnificent senator and a superior man. When 1 first met Seuator Vilas, in 1SS5, he wus one of the handsomest young men 1 have ever known. His hair was black, and there wns not a trace of gray in his well-trimmed beard. His eves are large and expressive and his ma uners gentle and mild. Hut he is a forceful man, and of tireless energy. Senutor John li. Gordon, of tieorgia, is now tj'i years of age, but as erect, stal wart, soldierly iu upcuruuce as whea he gullantly led the confederate soldiers in many a hard-fought battle. He has long been the most popular man in his slate, and bus the hearts of the young men of tieorgia close pressed to his ow u heart, for they a I most w orsh i p hi in. Ho was a brave soldier und w as eight times wounded in battle, (ien. Lee regarded him as oue of the ablest generals, and he commanded a wing of Lee's army when that great confederate soldier sur rendered his army to tien. tirunt. Im mediately thereafter lieu. Gordon re turned to private life aud took part iu olitical affair. When the democrats carried Georgia iu 1871' Gen. Gordon waa elected to the senate. He served two terms, but resigned his seat and entered upon private business. He was elected governor of Georgia, and again elected to the senate in lt'J0. He can stay la the senate as long us he lives, for his people delight to honor him; and he coo lers honor upon his state by his distin guished services. He is a magnetid orator, and as a lecturer has won re new n. Smith D. I'RX. A Word to the Hnlky. A hearty laugh contains the oil To grease the hlna-e made still by toll Hural he Turkeft 1 - J A i