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The Columbus commercial. (Columbus, Miss.) 1893-1922, December 08, 1895, Image 5

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Elisabeth Cady Stanton and Her
Great Life Work.
Tha Ftmeu Advocate of Female Mufrraft-e
ad Kqul Rlsjhts Now Klghty Inn
f Age -Some Rrforma She 11m
Written for Ttalt Paper.)
On November 12, 1815, ai born to
Judge Daniel Cady and Margaret Liv
ingston Cady, at Johnstown, N. Y., a
daughter destined to become famoui
all over the world at a friend of the
oppressed, a crusader against legal in
justice to wanen, a leader among true
reformers, scd the equal in wit, elo
quence, learning and real statesman
hip of the foremost men of America.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the 80th
n ni versa ry of whose birth is about to
I celebrated, waa a child of marked
intellectual ability, and had the bene
fits of a thorough education. Ilex at
tention waa early called to the marked
differences made by society between
the training of boys and girls, mani
festly to the detriment of her own sex,
and she was quick to perceive that the
law s of the land were in direct conflict
with the natural rights of women. Ue
ing in the habit as a child of spending
much time in the law ofiice of her fa
ther, she there heard discussions on the
injustice of those laws, and in her child
ish innocence she wished to cut out of
the law books the obnoxious statutes,
thinking that this would abolish the
legal wrongs.
One of her first disappointments was
the refusal of Union college to admit
her to its courses because the was a
woman, and this led her to think more
seriously of the injustice put upon
women by custom and prejudice. Tak
ing up the study of law she became
thoroughly conversant with that sub
ject, especially with the luws relating
to women; knowledge that has been of
the greatest usefulness to her in her
chosen work. Soon after her marriage
in 1840 to Henry lirewster Stanton, the
anti-slavery orutor, journalist and au
thor, she went to London as a delegate
to the anti-slavery convention.
Ilecnuse she was a woman she was
ret used a sent in the convention; but
there she met Lueretia Mott, the fore
most female character in American
history. This chance uepuaintance
hip pointed out to Mrs. Stanton her
own field of work, in to which she entered
with all the zeal of an enthusiast. The
American women determined thut
when they returned to America they
would have a woman's convention, but
this was not held until 1848, ut Seneca
Falls.N. Y.,whereMr.and Mrs. Stanton
were then living. Mrs. Stanton was the
chief agent in calling the convention,
and wrote the resolutions and declara
tion of the aims of the convention. One
of the resolutions was the first decla
ration in favor of woman suffrage, and
rend as follows:
Iteaolved. Tbnt It la the duty at ton women
of this country to secure to themselves their
sacred right to the elective franchise.
Old Judge Cady thought his distin
guished daughter must have lost her
mind when he read this resolution,
went to see her, and tried to reason her
out of her position, but without suc
cess, for she was made of as stern stuff
os he when it cHine to maintaining what
he believed to be right. In this mat
ter she was in advance of some of the
most noted reformers of her own sex.
notably Lueretia Mott, who tried to
dissuade Mrs. Stanton from pressing
the franchise eluuse in the Seneca Falls
convention, but five years luter, at the
Clevclund convention, proposed to have
it adopted in honor of Mrs. Stanton. Her
hard and earnest work as crusader
nguinst the unjust laws relating to
married women may be said to have be
gun in 1S34, when she addressed the
.New York legislature on the rights of
married women, at which time she
demonstrated her unusual ability as
on orator nnd jurist. About this time
nlso she began her advocacy of laws
allowing divorce for drunkenness on
the part of the husband, and addressed
the New York legislature on that sub
ject in 1900. Again in 1807 she wns be
fore! the legislature and the constitu
tional contention of New York, main
taining that during revision of the con
stitution the state was resolved into
its original elements.nnd that therefore
citizens of both sexes had the right to
vote for members ef the convention.
From 1655 to 1865 Mrs. Stanton was
president of the national committee of
the suffrage party. In 1SG3 she was
president of the Woman's Loyal league,
and until 1890 was the president of the
Nat ional Woman's Su ff rage association.
When Mrs. Stanton be-jan her work
for women she found the condition of
married women under the common law
almost us degraded as that of the slave
on the southern plantation. The Seneca
Falls declarations demanded all that
the most radical friends of the woman's
rights movement have since demanded:
Equal rights in the colleges and uni
versities, in the trades and professions,
the right to vote, to share in all political
offices, honors and emoluments, to com
plete equality in marriage, to personal
freedom, to property, wages aud chil
dren; to make contracts, to sue and to
be sued, and to testify in courts of jus
tice, foremost In the advocacy of nil
these thing, Mrs. Stabton was one ol
the first dress reformers of the country,
and one of the first women to wear
bloomers, more than 40 years ago.
Little by little have some of the re
forms demanded in IMS been brought
about, though some so gradually that
it seems now as though there never w as
a time when the American married
woman had absolutely no rights under
the law other than the right not to be
Mrs. Stanton's public addresses,
whether before conventions of women
or before state legislatures, arc classics.
In her address before the New York as
sembly in 1860 on the bill pending to
give woman the right of suffrage, she
spoke of the natural rights of woman as
inalienable: "We do not nsk man to
represent us," she said. "It is hard
enough in times like these for man to
carry backbone enough to represent
himself. So long as the mass of men
spend most of the time on the fence,
not knowing which way to jump, they
arc surely in no position to tell us where
we had better stand." One of her first
triumphs against legislative prejudice
was the passage of the act concerning
the rights and liabilities of husband
nnd wife by the New York assembly in
March, 1800.
She was an early advocate of health
ful exercise nnd of rational clothing
for girls. "The girls must be allowed
to romp and play," she said in 1S51,
"climb, skate and swim; her clothing
must be more like that of the boy
strong, loose-fitting garments, thick
boots, etc., that she may be out at all
times and enter freely into all kinds of
sports." The young women who now
ride wheels, play tennis, and engage
in other healthful exercise without be
ing frowned upon as hoydens by the
community, have much for which to
be grateful to Mrs. Stanton. Speaking
of dress in 1853 she said: "A true mar
riage relation has far more to do with
the elevation of woman than the style
and cut of her dress."
Nothing ever discouraged her in her
work except the listlessuess and ap
athy of the women themselves, ninny
of whom claimed, in answer to every
appeal, that they had all the rights they
wanted. To Lucy Stone she wrote in
18J6: "We may continue to hold con
ventions, we may talk of our right to
vote, to legislate, to hold property, but
until we can arouse in womuu a prop
er self-respect Bhe will hold in con
tempt the demands we now make for
our sex." A hard worker for coeduca
tion and for equal rights in education,
she has seen the barriers to those right
torn away from the doors of many of
the great institutions of the country;
and has seen state after state enact
laws giving to married women the right
to control their own property, to vote
at school elections, as well us other
rights long denied.
Some of the fruits of her great work
may be seen in state constitutions,
such ns that of Colorado and Texas,
from which the word "male" has been
omitted; while in Wyoming and Utah
woman has full suffrage. When she
legun her work the bare proposition
that women could hold public otlice
cutis fuctorily was looked upon as evi
dence of insanity or worse; but now in
several states women are eligible as
school superintendents, and -many
women hate held the ofiice of postmas
ter. She has taught the world, as much
by her noble example and churacter
as by her writings and addresses, thut
character, even womanly character,
does not and cannot suffer from too
much breadth of thought, nor from
too active a sympathy in and too large
an acquaintance with human interests
aud affairs, but must become more and
more enriched by larger ideas, larger
experience and greater activities.
Quoted, ridiculed and abused into
fame, the world w ill before long come
to recognize Elizabeth Cady Stanton
ns one of its truly great women and
one of the great characters of America.
She has fulfilled the prophecy of the
good old friend of her childhood. Iter.
Simon Hosaek, who taught her Greek
and said: "Dear child, it is your mis
sion to help mold the world anew."
1 1 !fyi a
Royal Stuffs Demanding; Royal
Purses Are the Rag-e.
Velvets Which Are Truly (lorcroiu Kvea
Though They May Be In Poor
Taate Blouea Erlveti Out by
Louis XV. I'wU.
Special Chicago letter.
The materials most sought after at
the present moment are fine face cloths
and velvets that call for fur and jet as
their trimmings royal stuffs demand
ing plethoric purses.
The face cloths of to-dny are in ele
gance and finish like unto those of yes
terday, but yesterday's velvet gave forth
no hint of the gorgeous splendor of
those now in vogue. Some are printed
on white grounds in such gay, not to
say striking, colors as to be only lit for
opera wear and the most elegant oc
casions. In sharp contrast to these
gaily-colored ones is a pretty leaf
pattern in subdued green on
grounds of dull red, old blue and
silver grey. These latter will be
mostly used for waists and the new
Louis XV. coat which will be much
worn as the seuson advances. The love
ly flower designs on colored and bluck
grounds are intended for sleeves and
bodice trimmings, and will also be used
for the new panel trimming outlined
with jet. Happily these printed vel
vets are held at such a figure that they
can never become common, aud the
same may be written of the dainty
chintz-flowered silks which are their
companions In beauty and price.
Many of the handsomest reception
and evening gowns are made of plain
colored or black velvet; and when one
is cut a la urincy" by a master hand,
nnd given luxurious trimmings of suble,
it makes a regal garment and one any
woman would be happy to count among
her most cherished possessions.
A gown fashioned in this way was In
a lovely pale shade of green, trimmed
with narrow bauds of sable round the
hem and square-cut neck, while the
short purled sleeves were of transpar
ent jeweled muslin finished by a band
of the fur fastened by small emerald
clasps. I might remark in passing
that the princess dress has been re
stored to its old-time popularity, which
will be pleasing news to many women.
It is a gow n easy to get into and is gen
erally becoming, provided one is not too
scraggy nor on the other hand too
Chinchilla fur is the idol of the hour
and promises to become almost price
less, should the furor for using it con-
fl. I,
' i i.r lis . 4
tinne any length of time. It trims
many of the most stylish gowns and
outer garments Imported for midwin
ter wear and has even invaded the do
main of milinery a velvet toque
trimmed on the left side w ith three stiff
chinchilla tails being quite the proper
caper. It really makes an ideal trim
ming on dark cloth or velvet, and de
spite its delicate color does not read
ily show soil, and is also easily cleaned
Next in popular favor is the soft, band
carscute w hich is much used for band
trimming and can be bought in any of
the fashionable widths. In the more
expensive bands the edges are coh
ered with white satin upon w hich are
stitched rows and row s of the narrow
est black silk braid, giving a lovely silver-like
effect, es pleasing as it is un
common. A chic, up-to-date fancy is, when the
skirt is given a trimming of caracule,
to have the dress the same, w ith a jew
m )
XA y
eled belt worn round the waist. It
makes an exceedingly swell costume,
but can only be suucessfully worn by
the tall, slender w oman. A gown I saw
in Slate street yesterday had this Idea
tery prettily carried out. Tl e bodice
and hem of the skirt were of caracule,
the former boasting the long shoulder
team outlined with jet, while the skirt
and sleeves were of tun-colored face
cloth. At the neck was a high choker
collar w ith six turned-over tabs just
what all well-regulated collars should
Lave, the simple, undraped ones of last
season leing absolutely unknown to
the fashions of the moment.
There is so much lilerty allowed in
lioth gowns and hats this season that a
woman can dress herself according to
ber own sweet will, cun wear what is
becoming and still be in the fashion.
The only thing she must have is a very
full skirt,
ho boilice can tuke care VO
The latest skirts are made enormous
ly full without godets, and absolutely
without stiffening. They are much
plaited in the back, hare three sinali
plaits on each hip and fall in long,
graceful folds all around. I should like
to emphasize what 1 said before, that
there are no godnts and no stiffening.
For street and daytime wear skirts re
liiain severely plain, excepting when
flir bands are used; but for evening
dresses the best modistes use a garni
ture of ribbon nnd laee or bands of dark
fur, and sometimes all three in combi
nation. The skirt garniture in the pic
ture is one much used on gowns intend
ed for small evening affairs.
Among recent iniiortutions one sees
very few separate blouses to be worn
with any skirt. The little Louis XV.
coats have replaced them, except for
evening wear. These coats, while ex
ceedingly pretty in themselves, have
the added charm of novelty and are
bound to take immensely. They can
be mude as elaborate as one's fancy
and purse will permit, or, on the other
hand, in severe simplicity. In the lat
ter case their only ornnmentution are
handsome buttons In some unique de
sign. The prettiest ones, however, are
nmde to open over u vest of either jew
eled muslin, luce or dark fur with
brand, sharply-pointed revers which
end at the waist under two large paint
ed porcelain buttons. An exceedingly
picturesque model in dark green bro
caded satin had a w ide collar of white
cloth embroidered in shaded giee-n
. Jil
silk and edged with silver fox, while tha
vest, ulso of silver-fox, opened over an
inner one of the white embroidered
cloth. Another extremely stylish de
sign is the one shown in the picture
made of black velvet and worn w ith a
skirt of dark blue chintz flow ered silk.
The pointed opening over the checked
silk plustron is something entirely dif
ferent from the usual mode nnd allows
some latitude in the matter of garni
ture. In this instance the trimming
toil.-dsts of square tabs made of canury
cofored, striped ribbon w ith dainty jew
eled buttons placed near the shoulders
and at the wuist.
I have seen Borne lovely things in the
way of theater bodices made of white
chiffon with an applique of fine black
lace. Sometimes by way of variety tho
lace is traced with silver sequins and
the bodice finished with a narrow belt
of jewels on gold galloon.
Others I saw were of printed velvet,
very elegant and rich-looking, but I
cannot recommend this material uulest
one can afford a good dressmaker. No
ill-made bodice ever looks in the least
degree like a well-made one, and it re
quires the hand of an expert to con
trive a collar band and properly put iu
a sleeve, when made of heavy velvet.
( apes will be the wrap most worn
this season, ns they are best adapted to
the toilettes now in vogue. The new
f hupes are not long enough to conceal
the figure, and yet of sullicient length
to cover the arm and afford some
warmth. Of course, a cape of fine fur
is the most desirable of all possessions
just now, but it is quite beyond the
reach of many, so an excellent substi
tute has been provided in the shape of
handsome cnjies of velours du nord.
The one in the illustration is made of
this ideal material, and one cannot
make a mistake in copying it. The
epaulettes are of jet fixed into rosette
on the shoulder and the w ide collar is
f. x. The back is cut so as to fall in two
loose pluits, which add much to the
charm and cleganceof the garment.
A very Frenchified and chic cajw is
made of blue and black plaid velvet
with trimmings of white cloth and an
infinitesimal edging of gold braid. A
cloth cae not the leust bit "dowditied"
had clotli ajvplique work, elaborately
Xtted, placed round the edge and front
with a broad, comfortable-looking col
Itr of Astrakhan bordered with black
n, art in. This garment should recom
mend itself to the elderly matron who
is ever deploring fashion's inattentions
to her needs. Kate GAnoxEn.
Typewriter for tha Blind.
A typewriter for the use of the blind
has just been invented. It works like
sn ordinary typewriter in impressing
Uie print of letters, but also makes a
raised cut on the other side by whio
the blind can read.
t-. . A 1 -1 9i sW I A
Calvin Brloe, of Ohio, Is a Man of
Great Strength.
The Karly Kirns;! of Menatnr Terklna,
f tallfornla-lfavld Bnry-tt Mill
Highly Esteemed at W ashing
tonOther Hralny Moo.
Special Waahtastoa Letter.
Senator Calvin S. lirice, of Ohio, is
one of the ablest men in public life to
day. It is true, he is accused of being
a very rich man, but his oldest friends
know that he has a right to be rich, for
he accumulated his own fortune, lie
was a very poor boy, very homely and
w ithout any Indications of genius that
nnylxxiy could see. He was jolly and
good-natured, even if he was poor; so
. i 1.. .i i. w i.. u..
. i j
fVA"B uul" I,c BrL 111 "7 1 ,vjv i w u i.n-
tlOn. He is emmeutly a self-made man,
and his history is worthy of emulation
by any young man in the land, lie is
just SO years of age, but he looks much
younger. His bushy hair is dark
brown and his thick beard isalmostred.
He looks somewhnt like a Hebrew, but
Is of straight Anglo-Saxon stock. Ills
father was a Presbyterian minister, and
lirice is a religious man, although not
active in church work. Wiien the Pres
byterian general ussembly was held
here two years ago. Senator I'.rice w as
called on for a little contribution to
help defray the expenses of the locnl
churches, and he gave IIOO, greatly to
the surprise of the clergyman, who
never dreamed of getting more than
$:.'0 from any one man. When only 16
years old young lirice enlisted in the
8(ith Ohio infantry. He came out of the
war a captain, in July, 18CS, before he
was quite 20 years old. He then
studied law, practiced, aud finally be
came engaged in business enterprises
which have made him weulthy. He has
been au active working democrat for
many years, and has served his party
with great distinction. He is oue of
the most genial, likeable men in the
senate, and is an important factor in all
Senator George C. Perkins, of Califor
nia, is S6 years of age, having been born
in 1839 iu Kenuebunkport, Me. He Is
regarded as oue of the rich men of the
senate, and he also is entitled to enjoy
his accumulations, for he was a very
poor boy and made his own way in the
world. He was reared on a farm, but.
when only 12 years old, be shipped as a
cabin boy, and spent several years at sea
in that humble capacity. He then
shipped before the must as a commoa
sailor and went all the, way to Califo:-
nia in thut capacity. It was a rough
experience for a boy only 16 years oid,
but he was hearty, healthy, ambitious
and strong, so he did not mind the hard
ships. When he reached California he
went to Oroville; where he engaged in
business and rapidly prospered. Me
then engaged iu bunking, mining, mill
ing and steamship business. During
the past 23 years he has been building,
buying aud operating steamships in the
l'acifiu ocean, from Mexico, California,
Oregon, Washington and British Co
lumbia clear up to Alaska. He was
elected governor of California iu 187!'.
and w as appointed to the senate in 189'i
to succeed Senator Stanford, w ho died
while a member of the renate. His term
of service will expire March 4, 1807, but
he will probably be reelected to succeed
himself for a full term of six years.
Senator Perkins is one of the most un
pretentious men 1 have ever met with
in public life, lie has no coldness or
difliileuce In private conversation; but
on the contrary is as entertaining as
any mun in private life could be, and in
bis presence no one can feel embar
rassed because of his high posit ion. As
a matter of fuct, the poor boys who have
made their own fortunes and become
prominent never assume the "airs" that
are put on by some who are born rich.
Senator Perkins is an orator of great
ability, and when he addresses the senate
receives the respectful attention of a
large audience.
Senator David Dennett Hill, of New
York, is a man worthy of bis great rep
utation. When only 21 years old he
was admitted to the bar, began the
practice ol law, and was appointed city
attorney ef Elmira. He has been in
public life, almost constantly, and has
acquitted himself creditably on all oc
casions. When he was first elected to
the senate, his critics said that he w ould
link out of sight in that august assem
blage. He did not sink. He Is not a
sinker. Be quietly attended to his sen
atorial duties until the silver fight of
191, whaa ba participated in debaU
V I t if 'i rt e.'-."---
l 1 of
nd gave utterance to strong opinions.
When the tariff debate of 18U4 occupied
ths attention of the senate, he spoke a
number of times, and then received rec
ognition for his true worth. He bad
been called "nothing but a politician;
but then he showed himself to be a con
stitutional lawyer and statesman equal
to the best men who had ever held posi
tions upon the senate floor. He refused
to vote for a tariff bill which included
the income tax clause, and concluded
his speech by saying: "Sink or swim,
survive or perish. 1 cannot and w ill not
vote for this bill." Ho was the only
democrat who voted against the meas
ure. Since that time the supreme court
has sustained Senator Hill, by declaring
the income tax unconstitutional. He
is a great man, but like many other
great men is not appreciated for hie
real worth by his own generation. We
do not always elect our greatest men to
the presidential ofiice. Blaine, Tbur
man. Clay, Webster and others of like
renown could not reach the white house.
No greater men of their generations
achieved the honor. So it seems will
be the case with the great senator from
New York, who has aspired to the high
est honor in the gift of the people. Hie
party, as a whole, does not seem to have
appreciated him at his true worth.
Senator Orville H. Piatt, of Connec
ticut, has been a senator for 18 years,
and will probably be elected to succeed
himself for a fourth term. The sen
sible people of the New England states
aud of the sutithern states are
accustomed to retaining their good
men iu public life until they become
strong and influential in national af
fairs. But the people of the middle
states and of the western states have
not all of them yet learned the
value of e.'rience in public uffairs,
and they change their public servant
all too often. Senator P.utt was for
many years chairman of the commit
tee on territories. It was during his
chalrmunship thut the states of Mon
tana, North Dakota, South Dakota,
Washington, Idaho and Wyoming were
admitted to the union. He has served
his state and the nation with distinc
tion, and his labors have been diligent,
continuous and painstaking. He is a
member of the important and exacting
committees on the judiciary, patents,
Indian affairs and revision of the laws.
It takes time, strength and sun?rior
ability to fulfill the functions of mem
bership of those committees of the sen
ate. He is a modest, quiet, unpreten
tious senator, but his standing in tha
senate is of an enviable character. He
is a forceful public speaker, and his
remarks are weighty, because of hie
high rank aud splendid reputation.
Nobody ever questions the correctness
of his statements, no matter how parti
sun the debates may become. He la
one of the great men and one of the
good men of this age.
Senator William F. Vilas, r,f Wiscon
sin, is a man of great ability. He is 5S
venrs of age, but still in the vigor of
virile and aggressive strength. His
life has been a busy one, and he is never
huppy unless he is busy. I had the
good fortune to serve him as a Bubor
(iinato for a short time when he was
postmaster-general aud learned to ap
preciate his qualities of heart as well as
bruin. He w as a soldier during the civil
war, then studied law and has practiced
ever since. While he Was postmaster
general and secretary ef the interior he
performed more work than any other
two memlwra of the cabinet. He is a
great orator, and it was largely due to
his personal efforts that the state of
Wisconsin was carried by the demo
crats in 1890, with the result that he
was elected to the senate to succeed
Senator Spooner, who, by the way, was
a magnificent senator and a superior
man. When 1 first met Seuator Vilas,
in 1SS5, he wus one of the handsomest
young men 1 have ever known. His
hair was black, and there wns not a
trace of gray in his well-trimmed beard.
His eves are large and expressive and
his ma uners gentle and mild. Hut he is
a forceful man, and of tireless energy.
Senutor John li. Gordon, of tieorgia,
is now tj'i years of age, but as erect, stal
wart, soldierly iu upcuruuce as whea
he gullantly led the confederate soldiers
in many a hard-fought battle. He has
long been the most popular man in his
slate, and bus the hearts of the young
men of tieorgia close pressed to his ow u
heart, for they a I most w orsh i p hi in. Ho
was a brave soldier und w as eight times
wounded in battle, (ien. Lee regarded
him as oue of the ablest generals, and
he commanded a wing of Lee's army
when that great confederate soldier sur
rendered his army to tien. tirunt. Im
mediately thereafter lieu. Gordon re
turned to private life aud took part iu
olitical affair. When the democrats
carried Georgia iu 1871' Gen. Gordon waa
elected to the senate. He served two
terms, but resigned his seat and entered
upon private business. He was elected
governor of Georgia, and again elected
to the senate in lt'J0. He can stay la
the senate as long us he lives, for his
people delight to honor him; and he coo
lers honor upon his state by his distin
guished services. He is a magnetid
orator, and as a lecturer has won re
new n. Smith D. I'RX.
A Word to the Hnlky.
A hearty laugh contains the oil
To grease the hlna-e made still by toll
Hural he Turkeft
1 - J

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