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VOL XXIVNO. 48. COLUMBUS, MI33., THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 17, 1011. Hrn ,7-Wreniy, $3.00 Per Year. COLUMBUS IS NOW ENTIRELY OUT OF COAL LAST LUMPS ARE HAULFD AWAY FROM THE LOCAL YARDS. RELIEF UNCERTAIN Dealers Havc Order Out But No Deliveries Have Been Promised. There's not a pound of coal for stle in Columbus, and lKal dealers are reluctantly forced to refuse all requests for fuel from shivering citi zens whose supplies are exhausted and need replenishing. The local fuel situation, which has been serious for several days past became acute Wednesday, when the last lump of coal was sold and local dealers were forced to suspend busi ness until additional supplies can be secured. . "Some of the local dealers exhaust ed their stocks several days ago, bu Mr. J. T. Wood, who has been in the fuel business here for many years managed to keep enough coal or hand to supply the urgent needs of his customers until Wednesday, when the last black diamond was hauled to the bin of an eager purchaser. As there was no coal left to provide heat for employes, Mr. Wood closed his yard, thereby fostering the move ment for the conservation of fuel This act did not, however, prevent him from receiving requests for coal r s the telephone at his residence was kept busy throughout the day by parties who desired to know when he . would be in a position to supply their wants. He could give them little en couragement, however, for while he ...s 4!rdriuu:..foi'ioal-ht Va ..re ceived no bills of lading and can not tell when' a shipment will arrive, Most of his coal comes from mines in Walker county, Ala., and a3 the own ers of these mines maintain' office? in Birmingham the bills of lading almost invariably come from that city, frequently reaching here a day or two after the coal has arrived. Mr. Wood hopes, therefore, that a car of coal will roll in soon. He has no definite information to that ef-fe-'Jt, however, and is making no promise to prospective purchasers regarding deliveries. The local fuel administration board, which consists of Messrs. F. P. Phillips, F. C. Owen and S. B. Street, Jr., is doing every thing possible to relieve the famine and held a meet ing yesterday afternoon to discuss the situation. At this meeting it was decided to limit purchases of coal tc half a ton and this rule will be ad hered to by dealers when supplies are received. The same prices formerly maintained will continue in effect, dealers being permitted to add a reasonable sum for making deliver ies. It was reported to the commissior. that Messrs. Lindamond & Puckettj received a bill of lading for a car of coal yesterday afternoon, and the( fuel may reach Columbus today. There is no danger of students at the Industrial Institute and College suffering from lack of fuel, as Mr D. T. Gaston, secretary of the in solution stated last night that he had c:: hand a sufficient supply of coal to Inst at least thirty days. SUPPOSED BOMB IS FOUND IN DRYDOCK An Atlantic Port, Jan. 16. A si pposed bomb was found today in a drydock at a United States naval Ht'jtion in which one of the largest United States battleships was dock id. The supposed bomb was about six inches long and shaped like a tele phone receiver. A fuse was attached to it. Written on the side, in Ger man, were the words: "This is a 25 g'.'cond explosion bomb.'' It was found by one of the crew oa one of the top steps of a stairwaj leading down to the bottom of th drydock. The supposed bomb was at once turned over to the department of justice and agents started a thorough investigation. The missile was lying immediately opposite the side of a monster war ship. Master Harry Dashiell's many friends regret to learn of his illness the past few days. MEN 21 YEARS OLD MUST REGISTER BILL MAKING THAT PROVISION SOON TO BE ENACTED BY CONGRESS. Washington, Jan. 6. The gov rrnmtnt has decided on draft rtg 1st ration of all young men a fast as they become 21 year old at the means of keeping filled the ranks of the war army. It was derided against raising the draft age limit above SI years. An administration bill was Intro duced Tuesday at the request of the war department, by Chairman Cham berlain of the Senate military com mittee to register for draft all men who have reached 21 since June 6, 1917, when the law became effective. The administration's support teems to assure its prompt passage. The bill agrees with the recent recom mendations of Provost Marshal Gen ?ral Crowder. Other administration bills intro duced Tuesday by Chairman Cham berlain at the request of the war de oartment will supplement the draf aw to make it workable under con ditions that have developed. Onf vould permit furloughing of nation al army troops for harvest work or ither civilian duty; another would eliminate enemy alien population from basis of calculations for draf' quotas by irlaking the basis for each Uate the number of men available in class 1. Mutilated German Soldiers Give Back Iron Cross to Kaiter. London, Jan. 16. An appeal is being circulated among the mutilat ed German officers and soldiers hav ing the iron cross asking them to re turn the crosses as a protest against the fact that a number of "home warriors" and leaders of the Father land party are wearing the same insig nia, according to an Exchange Tele graph dispatch from Amsterdam. There has been a large response, 1, cw('e(ikfro5nK.Illin .aWa being sent to the war minister the first day the appeal appeared. Pay Your Taxei. Every citizen of the city and coun ty is urged to pay his taxes at once, as only a short time remains. SCHOOL OPENING TO BE POSTPONED INCLEMENT WEATHER WILL MAKE IT IMPOSSIBLE TO OPEN BUILDING JAN. 28. It is probable that the extremely cold weather will force the post ponement of the opening of the new Stephen D. Lee High School, which was announced to take place Mon day, January 28. When the date for the opening was selected it was thought that the building would be completed by that time, but cold weather has retarded the work and the postponement is now regarded as iractically certain. In fixing a new date for the open ing the council will probably be guid 3d by the wishes of Hon. Blewitt Lee. general counsel of the Illionis Cen tral Railroad, who has been invited to make the opening address, as Mr. 'iee is a busy man and the council will endeavor to fix a date upon whirh it will be convenient for him to come to Columbus. Mr. Lee it the son of the late General Stephen D. Lee, after whom the building is named, and is a native of this city. Columbus occupies a warm place in his heart, and he always seems glad not only to further but to personally participate in any local undertaking, having been the principal speaker when e monument erected by the Stephen D. Lee Chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy, to the memory of Lowndes county soldiers who lost their lives in the civil war was unveiled here in 1912. Delegate Appointed. The American Good Roads Con gress and, the fifteenth annual ses sion of the American Road Build ers' Association will be held in St. Louis, on the 4th to 7th of Febru ary, tnd the Mayor of St. Louis has invited the mayor of the South jrn 'nd other states to appoint delegates to the same. Mayor McClanahan has appointed Messrs. T. J. Locke, Gus. Hauser and B, A. Lincoln from his county to represent Columbus at theae meetings. COLD LOOSENS TIGHT GRIP ON COLUMBUS MERCURY RISES AND ELE MENTS BECOME TRANQUIL OLD SOL APPEARS Freeze Remind Old Citizent - Of Colder Weather in For mer Year. People ef Columbus are slowly re- ;overing from the effects of the se verest weather which this section has experienced in many years, and if the coal famine, which Is now the greatest local menace, can be reliev ed, normal conditions will soon be restored. According to the government ther mometer the weather was the cold est experienced here since 1898, and he low temperature probably oc casioned more suffering than was in duced by similar conditions two de cades ago, as the shortage of coal made it impossible for some people to secure a sufficient amount of that commodity to made their homes and places of business comfortable. While press dispatches report the Tombigbee froze over at Aberdeen, which is only about 25 miles above Colu:r.bu3, the stream did not solid ify here. Some ice formed in the river, but it was ?nfined to com paratively small particles, and there was nothing approaching a complete congelation of the stream's waters. According to statements made by some of the oldest local citizens, the last time that the Tombigbee froze solid at this point was in January, 1877. It is a matter of local history that the river was frozen so hard at that time that it was not only possi ble but comparatively safe to skate on its glassy surface. An old citizen who remembers the freeze in 1877 states that while many Columbians desired to skate on the He they were a litfle afraid to take the risk and that Mr. W. R. Shaw, who was then among the young residents of the city, but who now resides at Temple, Texas, set the pace, having been the first to cross the frozen body of water on metalic runners. Old Sol was in evidence Wednes day, and many citizens who are heartily tired of icy winds and slip pery sidewalks, sincerely hope that the backbone of the cold snap has been broken. NOTED GERMAN FLYER TAKES FATAL TUMBLE Amsterdam, Jan. 16. The death of Vice Sergeant Max Muller, one of the most successful German air men, is reported in a Munich dispatch to the Lokal Anseiger of Berlin. Muller was killed in a fall resulting from a defect in his engine. He claimed 38 victories in aerial en gagement. Negro Cabin Burnt. A two-room negro "abin owned by Mr. T. W. Morris, and located on North . Fifteenth street, between Ninth and Tenth avenues, was de stroyed by fire about 2:45 o'dock Wednesday morning. Several nd adjoining buildings were slightly damaged. The origin of the fire is unknown, and the damage, which was a total loss, amounted to about $300. Parent-Teacher' Meeting. Mrs. J. C. Meadows announces a special meeting of the Parent-Teacher Association at Frrnklin Academy this afternoon at 3:30 o'clock. The meeting is one of special importance and all members are urged to be pre sent. Among the Columbus boys who have been in the national army and stationed at Camp Pike, and who have been recommended for the third ofTWers training camp is Mr. Mars den Waddell. His many friends ex tend to him congratulations. Mr. Franklin Brown, of Areola, Miss., spent the first of theweek here with his family. He was accompanied to the city by Mr. Jack Aldridge, a former citizen of Columbus. Sailor at Horn oa Visit. Mr. Josephus Wood, who is a mem ber of the U. S. Navy, is at home on a' visit to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. T. A. H. Wood. BOARD RESCINDS SURVEY ORDER MAD NO LEGAL AUtHORITY TO PROVIDE FOR THE PRO POS tD UNDERTAKING. The board of supervisors which a short time ago appropriated $4,000 for a pollution survey of Lowndes county, has recinded it order, hav. lng been advised by County Attorney C. L Lincoln that there was no legal authority for such action. The proposed survey was to have been made under the supervision of the state board of health and was to have been sponsored by the Rocke feller foundation. IU estimated cost wat $8,000, and the county was to put up one half of this amount, the remainder being furnished by the Rockefeller foundation. It is understood that a bill is to be introduced at the present session of the legislature delegating to boards of supervisors throughout the state Authority to appropriate money for surveys of this character. Even hould the bill pass, however, it is 'eared that difficulty, will be exner !enced n Inducing the local bonrd to make the necessary provision for a survey in this county, as there was strong opposition to the undertak'ntr when it first came upi for considera te, two out of the five members of the board having voted against the appropriation. f Many enterprising 1 citizens, how ever, recognize the value of the pro posed survey, and when the matter again comes up for consideration will put forth every effort to induce the board to make the necessary appro priation. 1 STUDENTS ADOPT ORPHANS OF WAR THREE FRENCH CHILDREN JAKEN UNDER. PROTECTION BY COLLEGE GIRLS. Students of the Mississippi In dustrial Institute and College, who for several months past have been active in war work of various kinds, have recently given additional evi dence of their patriotism and altru ism by adopting a number of French children whose fathers have lost their lives on the field of battle. The work is carried on under the direction of Mrs. Gessner T. Smith, head of the department of, modern languages, and each one of the French classes has adopted an or phan. The freshman :?ass has taken under its protection little Alex He gron, who is not quite four years old and who resides at Au Plessis Cellier, Naison Mahe, Chatenay-les- Nanteo, . Loire-Inferieure, France. while the second year class is sup porting little Cecile Dutrey, who was born December 13, 1907, and whose address is Beaumardiss, France, and members of the Junior and senior classes are jointly supporting little Jeanne Jousselin, who was born June 4, 1908, and who resides at La Gras- siere, Commune de St Thomas de Conac, Charente-Inferieure, France The children under adoption were selected for the college students by Mrs. J. H. Gray, chairman of the Vicksburg auxiliary of the Americar Society for the Relief of French Wr Orphans. RECOVER MONEY STOLEN FROM CAMP BANK Camn Funston, Kans., Jan. 16. The loot taken from the army bank by Captain Lewis R. Whisler, mur derer and suicide, was found today hile there has not been an oppor tunity to count it, it is believed that the entire amount that a check of e funds of the bank showed miss ing $62,825.21 has been recover ed. Report Far Above Last Year. According to the report of Mr. C. B. Stinson, the government cotton statistician for this section, there were 6,2G5 bales of cotton ginned in Lowndes county prior to January 1, 1918, compared to 2,299 bales ginned prior to the same date in 1917. Stanley Named Director. Superintendent of Education E. A. Stanley haB been named as local director to have charge of the sale of War Saving Stamp3, and he will no doubt puBh'the movement in the city to every advantage. Patronize our advertisers. HUN LEADERS THROW ASIDE PEACE MASK MILITARY ELEMENT OF GOVERNMENT HOLDS . WHIP HAND. TO PUSH FIGHT All Talk of Peace Treaty With The Entente Allia Hat Been Silenced. Washington, Jan. 16. German of ficialdom has abandoned all discus sion of peace by negotiations. Late advices to diplomats quartert from neutral nations bordering on Ger many emphasized this Tuesday. They agree that the military element is in complete control. A German military dictatorship is certain, although for a time tt pro bably will be concealed under a new aggressive Chancellor and Foreign Minister. But the next move will swing the militarists into complete power and they are expected to ride rouirhshod over all moderates. This action followed complete pub lication of President Wilson's war aims throughout Germany. Publication was accompanied with a strong editorial comment, bitterly attacking the President, insisting his' peace aims were intended to nide ine weakness of the Allies. The confidential advices received here also emphasized the use that the Germun press is making of the re ports of shortage of foodstuffs and other supplies in Great Britain, France and Italy. Once more the cry that the subma rines are winning in being raised everywhere, and it is being used to confound the moderates who have advocated peace by negotiation. With the acssion of the war party complete evidence is at hand that the forthcoming German offensive will be on the greatest scale ever con templated. Reports of the War College here and 'to the military attaches of the various missions in this county, place the probable date that it can be ex pected as between the middle of next month and April 1. That it will be stupendous in s'tope also is certain. As a visiting British general describ ed it in discussing it, it will include: 'Action on land, on sea, in the air and under the sea." The German U-boats are being massed to take their part. The rest of the navy will do the same. And in the latter connection officials say that the German navy will strike, with its entire strength, for the first time in the war. Germen aeroplanes also are ex pected to attempt an offensive, and it is known here that the new Ger man standardized aeroplane, made from stamped metal along new lines is ready to take the air. These ma chines are being manufactured by the hundreds, and were designed by the German General Staff to combat America's efforts to dominate the air during the coming summer. Germany also has been ncen rat'np every possible man on the front from the North Sea to the ''whs frontier for weeks, leaving no defensive forces on the Russian front. Just where the big German blow w;ll be felt on land is not known. The British expect it will come ""ainst their lines. The French take the contrary view and look for it against one of their fronts. If t comes on schedule it will not be gainst Italy, as the snow will pre vent that. But wherever it comes. all of the reports from the other side indicate supreme confidence that it will fail. General Pershing has discussed the probable offensive in his reports to the War Department. What he said is withheld, but the officers who know de-iare that he is certain that Germany's efforts will fail, and that when they do, the offensive will defi nitely pass for the period of the war from the Germans to their enemies. And this, officials who know declare, it not brag or bluster. It is the cold blooded tmalyiis of the men who know the maximum power that Ger many, with her Austrian reinforce ments can muster, and who know what is behind it alL The Ezell Clothing Company has an advertisement in this issue and many fine bargains are offered. OCTOGENARIAN IS CALLED TO REWARD FUNERAL OF MR. J. N. BI.ASIN GAME WAS (HELD HERE TUESDAY MORNING. Mr. J. N. Blaaingame died at the home of his daughter, Mrs, II, I Bowlin, 608 South Fourth street, Monday afternoon. Deceased was nearly 90 years old, and death re aulted from a complication of ail ments incident to his advanced age. Funeral services were held at the Bowlin home at 10:30 o'cWh Tues day morning, having been followed by interment in Friendship ceme tery. The services were conducted by Rev. S. L. Pope, pastor of the First Methodist church. Mr. Blasingame, who was an octo genarian, being born September 21. 1828, waa a noble Christian gentle man, having during his lifetime beer a member of the Methodist Church He was a native of Pickens county. Ala., having moved to this city r number of years ago. He wns loved and admired by all who knew hm 'lis daughter, Mrs. Bowlin, hag the irtfelt sympathy of many friends her bereavement The following gentlemen officiat d as pall bearers: Messrs. C. P Lovell, T. A. McGahey, L. L. Locke Fred Vaughn, George Senter anr W. Myrick Cox. i Little Baby Die. The Angel of Death entered tlx home of Mr. and Mrs. Llewellyn K Hatchett, 220 Fourth street, south, about G o'clock last evening and took to heaven their three month? old baby boy, Llewellyn, Jr. The Commercial joins many friends in extending to them deepest sympathy. Funeral services will be held at the family residence at 2:30 o'clock this afternoon, conducted by Rev. S L. Pope, pastor of the First Metho dist church, and the remains 'H tenderly laid to rest in Friendship ?emetery. Mr. " Houston " PurrettV Vmny friends regret to learn that he re ceived painful, though not serious injuries the past week, when he had the misfortune to fall upon an ice glazed sidewalk. ITEMS OF INTEREST OVER THE COUNTRY GIST OF THE NEWS GATHERED HERE AND THERE AND PRE SENTED IN BRIEF FORM. Buenos Aires The Foreign Min ister has signed an agreement with the British and French ministers to sell 2,500,000 tons of wheat to the Entente Allies. Washington The food adminis tration announces that it intends to make compulsory the employment of a certain percentage of potatoes in bread making. This is for the pur pose of taving real foods. Amsterdam Austria Hungary has officially recogniced the indepen dence of Finland, according to a dis patch received here from Vienna. Ruleville, Miss. Fire here Mon day destroyed three buildings in thf business district, causing a loss es timated at $40,000, covered by in surance. For a time the pr'mc'.p-' parV of the town was threatened with destruction. The origin of th fire has not been determined. Washington Individuals who bir and sell securities for investment o speculation will not be consider'1 "dealers in securities" under the I" ternal Revenue Bureau's recent ru' lng on the optional plan for report ing inventories. A Pacific Port The second of th 8,000 ton standardized steel mer chantmen under construction for thf emergency fleet corporaton wa' launched Monday, thirty days afte the first launching ami sixty day? after the second keel was laid. Washington The American Re.' Cross, it was announced Monday night, had appropriated $4,771,900 for military and civilian relief ir iti ly for its seven month period be ginning last November 1. Washington President Wilsor has given his approval to the day light saving bill which has been pass ed by the Senate and is before the House Commttee on interstate ano foreign commerce. The bill, if made law, will set the "locks ahead an hour and Senator Cailder, author of the bill asserts it would save 1,000,. 000 tons of eoal a year. CONSERVATION OF FOOD IS TO BE ENFORCED VOLUNTARY ECONOMY IS FOUND TO BE IN EFFECTIVE. MEASURE DRASTIC Will Force Hotels, Restau rants and Dining Cart to Prevent Waste. Washington, Jan. 16. Stricter economy of food is to be required of the Ameri'an people by the new laws put in the milking Tuesday in Con cress. Food administrator Hoover has ap proved the amendments and they are -x-pected to pass promptly as supple mented to the present food control1 net. Wheatless and meatless days and other economies necessary that nerica may help sustain her co holligerents would become manda tory by the law instead of voluntary is at present. Such new laws, the fdixl administration hold, are neces sity to protct the millions of loyal Viioaiu co-operating in food sav ;nr against the wastefulness of a few d;vidiin!s and of public eating houses which are paid to handle pro bably 60 per cent of the food tup ply. ' In the Senate the administration bill was Introduced by Senator Pome rcne. In the House it was introduced by Chairman Lever of the agricultu ral committee, who made this state ment explaining its provisions: "The food situation the world over is acute, and demands upon us are '.rrowing each day. With a disrupt ed labor situation production is ap proa hi ng its maximum and the vital Vslion, tlicrefe-e, is on?, of vation of foodstuffs. We must Btrike at the waste evil. The administration has undertaken to do this through voluntary agreements and has suc ceeded wonderfully well both in sav ing and in stabilizing prices but there is a percentage of recalcitrants, who constitute the fly in the ointment of the whole situation, and these we have not been able to reach by ap- oeals to their patriotism. We pro pose to reach these under the bill which Senator Pomerane and I are introducing today. "The bill is espe'fally aimed at hotels, restaun nts and dining cars ( public eating places. In such estab-Mr-hment, I should think, probably 50 per cent of the food of the coun try i consumed, and it is in sucn nbscei that we find the trreate?t waste. There should be power in the hwh of the food administration to fix the portions of the vittal necessi Hpr that may be served to any one ;ndividual. There is no excuse for -ny hotel carrying on its bill of fare for serving a steak whi4i would cost tf? to $10. The waste is too great." Una Caalieri, Noted Operatic Prim Donna at Prince Today. The patrons of the Princess, will he given a treat today in the showing of Cavalieri, the internationally fa mous prima donna, in a Paramount nroduction of Mme. de Gresac's story "The Eternal Temptress." It 's a matrnificicntly staged drama of 1 besHit;ful woman's power over men, nd Csval'eri with her beauty and t-ondfrfnl roncnet;sm w'.ll grip you 'n the role of a modern vampire. Hundreds of thouands pay fancy trices every year at the Metropolitan Onera house to see Cavalieri, who iide from her ability as a singer, is "on!dered the most beautiful woman in Europe. And this is probably the only chance many will have of seeing th's noted star. Matinee at 3:00 and 4:45. Night at 7:30 and 8:45. Admission: Children 5 and Adults 15 cents. Stockholder Elected. Stv '.holders of the Columbus Nat ional Bank have elected the follow hg directors for the ensuing year: B. A. Weaver, J. T. Wood, T. O. Bur ns, L. Marx, J. S. Billups, J. L. Walk er, T. B. Franklin, C. L. Lincoln. This bank is one of the oldest and strongest in the state, having been one of the few southern financial in-' stitutions which weathered the stress ful civil war period. Miss Cora Goodson has returned to her home in Coppers Cove, Texas, after a visit to relatives here.