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ma" I VOL. XXIV. NO. 4 COLUMBUS, MISS., SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 20, 1918. "Jut, Mv. $3.00 Per Year. LOCAL PLANTS COMPLY WITH FEDERAL EDICT ORDER OF FUEL ADMINIS TRATOR TO SUSPEND OPERATIONS OBEYED UKASE UNEXPECTED Proclamation Came to Country Like a Bolt From a Clear Sky. While managers of local factories were astounded by the edict of Fuel Administrator Garfield ordering in dustrial plants throughout the coun try to shut down for a period of five 'ays, the order has been 'Compiled with and not a single concern in Co lumbus that comes within the pro visions of theorder is now in oper ation. The largest industrial enterprise in the city is the Columbus Lumber Ccmpnny, and while the concern does not consume coal, waste lumber be ing used as fuel, the mill comes un !or the provisions of the order, and Mr. D, F. M.'Cullough, the manager states that it will be obeyed to the letter. ' There are numerous smaller lum ber mills not only in Columbus bu in the contiguous territory in Eas Mississippi and West Alabama, an? while most of them use refuse lum her for fuel, thsy too, have complier' with Dr. Carfield's order and erf closed down. According to informa tion received here, the manager of ruill in Pickens county, Ala., who :? sawing lumber on an order from the f-ideral government, on Thursday re-t-eived a telegram requesting him t" need up the work and early Fridav morning received another telegram f rjM J-ueb Director,. Garfield, order ing Kim to close down his mill. He was a little confused at first; bu nfter reading the order carefully de cided to comply with its provision and forwith closed his mill. The fuel situation in Columbus ir FtiFl acute. The local supply became completely exhausted Wednesday f.n l while a dealer received a single c:r the following day.it was quickly exhausted and during the past few days it has been almost impossible to obtain fuel. Many people have been endeavoring to secure wood, but the weather has been so bad that much difficulty has been experienced in- 'inducing the country people to h.iul it to town. Firt , Methodist Church. On account of the coal shortage there will be no evening service at ti e First Methodist .-"hurch today, but the pastor, Rev. S. L. Pope, will preach this morning at 11 o'clock in the Baraca room, which will be com fortable and which will easily seat two hundred or more people. Sun day school will be held at 9:45 o'clock. ' i This afternoon at 3 o'clock there will be a meeting in the pastor's study of the Every Member Cam paign committee, and all are urged to be present. Last Sunday a meet ing of this ''ommittee was held and was largely attended. Much inter est is being shown in the campaign which will take place next Sunday af ternoon. Making Good. Mr. J. Earle Waters, a Columbus hcv, who is with the 126th Aero Sfuadron, at San Antonio, Texas, hr i been highly honored by being up mod chief electrical signal officer of his squadron. Mn. T. A. Stinon, who resides on South Sixth street, and who owns a large place several miles south of Columhus, has very generously offer ed to donate to the local United Charities a large amount of wood in order to help relieve the present fuel situation. Rev. T. L: Holcomb, pastor of the First Baptist church leaves tomorrow fa:- Foplarville, where he goes to at tend the South Mississippi Bible Con ference. He is on the program to sneak ea.-n day during the meeting. The finance committee of the F rst Baptist church will meet this af'ernoom Reeular preaching ser vices win oe neia at tms cnuren today. oooaooooooonoooooo 0 o 0 A PROCLAMATION O O 0 Q As the Federal Fuel Adminis- 0 0 trator has ruled that no coal be 0 O. burned in business houses on 0 0 Monday, January 21st and as 0 O. it will work a hardship on our 0 0 merchants if some close and 0 0 some stay open, at the request 0 0 of the -local-Fuel Committee, I 0 0-therefctyroj'tjimi and declare 0 0' Mo'nday, tVe 21st to be a Holi- 0 0 day in Columbus, and request 0 0 that all business Houses re- 0 0 main closed for that day. 0 0 , D. S. McCLANAHAN, 0 0 Mayor. 0 0 Columbus, Miss., Jan. 19, 1918. 0 O 0 0000000000 000000 "GARFIELD KNOWS; PEOPLE DO NOT" GRAVITY OF. THE FUEL SITU ATION SHOULD BE REALIZED MORE BY THE CITIZENS." Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 19. "The people of the United States do not know all that Dr. Garfield knows about the gravity of the fuel situa tion," said W, E. Meyer, state fuel administrator, in commenting on the Hticisms that have been aimed at the fuel order. "Dr. Garfield can not afford to take the nation fully nto his confidence in the matter, for :hat would give information that vould be of value to our enemies livery patriot must back up the ad ministration in its efforts, even though some time it may appear to ;ome that mistakes are made. We hould never lose sight of the fact hat the authorities at Washington know more about conditions grow- r out of the war than we do, and ve must not forget that those at the iead of the government are doing heir level best to serve the interests t the whole nation in the best way iossible. . - "I f irmly-belie? that if everybody knew all the facts in Dr. Garfield's lossession, there would not be anoth er syllable of complaint raised against the fuel order. One of the great troubles is that many people hi.ve not yet come to a full reali zation of the seriousness of the sit uation faced by this country since we entered war." Equipment for Playgrounds. At the regular meeting of the Parent-Teacher's Association of Franklin Academy Thursday the need of playground equipment was discussed. It was decided that the Association would try to place some equipment on the playgrounds. It is desirable that the students develop their bodies along with their minds. One large element of success is that we should be physically fit and able to put 100 per cent of ourselves into our work. That we hould be good animals. Students on account of the vitiat ed air in the school rooms are more jubject to constitutional disease, such as tuberculosis and pneumonia, than the outdoor worker and they need exercise in the open air in or der to combat the tendences and dangers of these diseases. Educa tion or wealth without health is of tittle value. PROHIBIT SHIPMENTS TO RELIEVE CONGESTION Washington, Jan. 19. All ship ments from Ohio east in box ars ex cept live stock have been prohibited by all railroads. This announcement was made today at the offices of the I itate utilities commission. These embargoes are to continue indefinitely, officials said and are part of the general plan for clearing ur congestion in the east. Opposition Disappearing. Washington, Jan. 19. Serious op nosition to Dr. Garfield's "factory -hut down order" had d'sappeared loday. The country as bowing to the inevitable. Incidently the very ma terial modifications that were made 'n the original order, 'oupled with he assertion of President Wilson that it was necessary that the drastic action be taken, had resulted in the country accepting the situation with the best grace possible. Citizens over the country having teams and wagons not in use can make money and work for a worthy cause by hauling wood to the city to be used for fuel purposes. Read Shapira's advertisement on third page of this issue. MRS. McGEHEE TO SPEAK HERE ON JANUARY 28 IS STATE HEAD OF WO MAN'S AUXILIARY OF DEFENSE COUNCIL. WILL PLAN WORK During Mrs. McGehee's Visit Arrangements for Training " Will Be Made. It is officially announced that Mrs Edward McGehee, of Como, presi dent ofthe Mississippi Division ofthe Woman's Auxiliary of the National Defense Council, will deliver an ad dress at the Industrial Institute and College in this city Monday, January 28, and her coming is being looked forward to with a great deal of in terest not only by student? and mem bers of the faculty of the institution but 1y the people of Columbus gen--Iv. The Industrial Institute and Col 'sge, which is the headquarters for the work of the Woman's Auxiliary of the National Defense Council in M:ssissippi, has during the past year Introduced new branches and rear ranged several of its regular courses lo meet the demands made by thr women of the state for training ir wpr work. As the college is also th headquarters for the registrat'on o' women who nre tra'ned in work o' Vs cbarncter as well as those who dcire training it is easy to deter mine the needs of the different regi trants and to shape the curriculur "o as to meet the'r demands. During Mrs. McGehee's vis:t pi"" vvUl be made to have the work of the foUee meet the requirements of the Woman's Auxiliary of the National Defense Council more fully than ever before. National War Savings Committee. Sunday, February 8, has been designated "Thrift Sunday" and it is expected that every churth in Louis iana and Mississippi will observe the day with a special programme in cluding a sermon embodying the idea of the War Saving Stamps. Following up "Thrift Sunday" will be "Thrift Day," Feb. 4, when the work done in the churches the day before will bear fruit. Many churches in Louisiana and Mississippi have arranged special programmes in which children play a prominent part. Uncle Sam is rely ing to a large extent on the assis tance of boys and girls in the Thrift campaign and already hey have turned many millions into the treas urer at Washington. Mrs. Carsweli Dies. After an illness of several days with pneumonia, Mrs. 0. C. Carsweli died at her home on' Bell avenue yesterday morning at 5:15 o'clock. The funeral will be held this morn ing at the family residence at 10 o'clock conducted by Rev. J. A. Lee, pastor of the Second Baptist church, and interment will take place at Tabernacle cemetery. Mrs. Carsweli was only twenty one years of age, and was loved and admired by all who knew her. Judge T. M. Cuminings has reev a letter from his son, Mr. Louis ummings, who is now with the 24th Machine Gun Battalion at Camp Fremont, Cal., stating that he has been appointed assistant bookkeep er in the commissary department of hjs command. Mr. Cummings is an expert accountant, having graduated from a business college in Birming ham. The firm of Simon Loeb and Bro., offers a? a prize ? fine pa'r of shoe? he liy' ro-!'l clerk sell'ng the e3'. number of Thr'ft Stamp? --'th'n o short time. ' Mr. .T. P. Woowrd leaves today "T PMt'more end New York, whert S to snend several days on business. Dr. F. M. Vaughan and Mr. Crad dock Boyd, of the Dunbar neighbor hood, were in the city yesterday on business. Prof, and Mrs. A. N. Jarob have named their son Norman Maurice. Mr. Will Knox, of New Jersey, is in the city on business. ITEMS OF INTEREST OVER THE COUNTRY GIST OF THE" NEWS GATHERED HERE AND THERE AND PRE SENTED IN BRIEF FORM. Washington.' An infantry unit of the junior division, reserve offi cers training corps, has been estab lished at Porter Military Academy, Charleston, S. C, the War Depart ment announces. New York.- Opening of the Hell Gate Bridge route for freight ser vice beginning Thursday was an nounced here Wednesday night as a war measure to speed up freight movement. This route has been in operation for passenger traffic only since March. Minneapolis, Minn., Four ban dits, without masks, held up the Continental State Bank, in the business district, ; locked five em ployes in the vault and escaped in an automobile with $3,400 and a $500 pin taken from E. K. Strat- ky, president of the institution. Washington. The Interstate Commerce Commission Wednesday suspended proposed increases of 15 per cent in petroleum rates in the Middle West, which were to have rone into effect January 18, until July 18, to permit further investi gation. London. Of all the British ves sels damaged by enemy action be- 'ween January and October, 1917, it been found impossible to salvage ur only. Boston & Maine Railroad as a "ts of protect'ng the interests he commonealth, was suested the annual renort of Attorney Kenrv T. Atw".ll, made s 'M Tec's'ature Wednesday. The -od ;s in the hands of a temporary --oojrer. Wnshinion. Providing adequate housing fp.H'lit;es . for the thousand of new workers pouring Into the wa- irdustrial and ship build'ng centers will be1 Cue first-undertaken by Secretary Wilson, as Labor Admin 'strator, and his advisory council. Madrid. Further disorders have occurred at Malagar as the result of the closing of the workshops. Two women were killed and mny others were injured in fighting while the po lice were restoring order. New York. Walter J. Barron whose inventions resulted in the per fection of the typewriter, died of Paralysis at his home in Brooklyn Wednesday at the age of 71 years. Miss Frances P. Hooper, head of the biological department at the Mississippi Industrial Institute and College, has recently returned from New Orleans, where she had instruc tions at the Gulf Coast Division of the American Red Cross Society In the making of bandages and surgical dressings. Not only the students but a large number of the teachers are now practically devoting all their spare time to work of this character. About four thousand gauze com presses made by students and teach ers have passed inspection by officials of the Red Cross Society, and in ad dition to these a number of dressings have been made for the battleship Mississippi. While it has been customary in Columbus for many - years to cele- brat the birthday of Gen. Robert E. Lee, the custom was abrogated Sat urday. The natal day of the great southern chieftain has in the past been honored by the Stephen D. Lee Chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy, who always gave a din ner to local veterans; but this year the weather was bo cold and the la dies were so busy with war work of various character that it was deed ed not to give the customary dinner. Pay Your Taxes. Every citizen of the city and coun '" is urged to pay his taxes at once only a short time remains. Mr. W. K. Knox, president of thf T ikb E. Moore Stave Company, and Mr. W. H. Boyce, n accountant both of New Orleans, were In the city Friday and Saturday looking after the interests of the company. ,f's. -T. A. lee. wife of the pasxT of the Second Baptist church of this city, was called to Courtland, yester day, on account of the death of her mother, Mrs. A. A. Burnett, aged 84, one of the oldest citizens of Burnett county. Mr WVwdfin 0Mnr, of Mn phis, is attending to business matters in the -ity. MAYOR SETS MONDAY ASIDE AS A HOLIDAY ( ISSUES AN OFFICIAL PROC LAMATION TO THAT EFFECT. STORES TO CLOSE Committee Arranges to Secure Wood in Effort to Relieve Situation. A '.Stizens' meeting was held at the Chamber of Commerce Saturday for purpose of discussing the fuel situ ation and to make plans for the local observance of the order recently is sued by Fuel Administrator Garfield providing for a partial suspension of business on every Monday for the succeeding ten weeks. It was decid ed to observe the order to the letter, and in order that this may be ef fectually done Mayor McClanahan has declared Monday a legnl holiday in Columbus. Drug stores do not come under the provisions of Dr. Garfield's order, but in order to give moral weight and patriotic effert to the movement the proprietors of these establishments have decided to observe holiday hours, and for the same reason the white way lights smd electric signs in front of stores will be darkened on "undny and Thursday nights of each veek. The Columbus Railway, Lyht nd Power Company, wh;ch furnisher "urrent for both the white way and electric signs, does not consume coal, wood being being used as fuel at the power plant; but it is believed that the darkening of the lights will im "rea upon the people the seriousness f the s:tuat!on, thus serving as a stimulus to the general movement for the conservation of fuel of every chamber. The fuel situation here is still acute, and in order to bring at least partial relief it has been decided to establish a municipal wood yard. A committee consisting of Mr. W. N Pucket, chairman, Mr. L. A. Vauxhan and Mr. Parker Reeves were named to look after this undertaking, and public spirited citizens subscribed $65 for use in getting the enterprise started. This committee has arrang ed with the Lucas E. Moore Stave Company to purchase all wood brought to the plant of the concern in East Columbus. The company will pay $3.50 per cord for oak and $3 per cord for pine. The wood will be sawed into convenient lengths and will be sold to consumers at reasonable rates. There is practically no domestic coal for sale in Columbus. One firm has a small supply of steam coal whWi it is selling at $4 per ton, con sumers paying the cost of deliveries. The local fuel commission has power to commandeer coal for the use of domestic consumers, and will exer cise this right on the first car that shows up, but there is no means of telling when this will be, as no infor mation regarding shipments can be secured from the mine owners. A part of Section 4 of the order of the Federal Fuel Commission, says: "(B). Wholesale or retail stores, or any other stores, business houses or business buildings whatever, ex cept that for the purpose of selling food only, stores may maintain necessary heat on any of the speci fied days until 12 o'clock noon, and except that for the purpose of sell ing drugs and medicinal supplies only, stores may maintain necessary heat throughout the day and even ing." Delegate to Episcopal Council. At a meeting of the congregation of St. Paul's Church last Sunday, the following delegates and alter nates were 'hosen to represent this n-rish at the annual council which meets in Jackson on Tuesday, the 22d inst: Delegates: C. L. Moore, H. F. Slrarall, R. E. Johnston. Alternates: W. II. Brooks, E. R Hopkins, Ira L. Gaston. Two Cabin Burned. Two negro cabins in northeast Columbus were destroyed by fire Thursday afternoon. Another alarm was turned in Fri day morning from a house on Eighth street and Ninth avenue, south, own ed by Mr T. A. ftinxoi. Thf War, which was caused by Bparks from a chimney, was quickly extinguished. . B0OOOOD ocaoooo B O WEEK'S FORECAST. O The weather bureau at Wash O ington yesterday issued the fol O lowing forecast for the wet'k O beginning Sunday. January 20: O For South Atlantic and East O Gulf States: Snow or rain over O northern and rain over south O em districts Sunday, except fair O in the east gulf states. Ilain or O snow again about middle of the O week followed by fair weather O thereafter. Somewhat warmer O Sunday South Atlantic states O and colder Sunday night gen O erally. Temperatures below O. normal will prevail, generally 0 during the week. 0 O0O00OO 00O00O0 SCHOOLS WILL BE CLOSED MONDAY ON ACCOUNT OF FUEL SHORT AGE OTHER PLACES WILL BE CLOSED DURING DAY. On account of the local fuel situ ation the public schools of the city will be closed throughout Monday only. There will be no pictures at the Princes Theatre tomorrow on a-Vount of the fuel order recently i Although tomorrow h s been de clared a legal holiday iv, Mayor McClanahan, the four banks of tljrc city will probably remain open dun ic the day. 'ocal wholesale grocerman, on ye? terday received the fol'owin;T tel? 'ram from Fuel Admiit'stratoi Noycs: "Have no authority to c'ok vholesale and retail frocevs if thr ;omply with orders of January 17." Administrator Garfield issued ar irder Saturday exempting all hum Iries on a!J of the 14 days from tin provisions of the order issued Thurs day. ENCOUNTERED FOUR U-BCATS ON WAY OVER HERE A British Port, Jan. It. -An American liner has just reached this port after encountering four German submarines, one of which is believed to have been damaged by fire from the ship's guns. The first submarine was n;t'hted on a foggy night and the two eral't were so close together that they near rollided. The U-boat quickly submerged and the vessel put on mure speed. Kbr was apparently followed, however for later on two more submarine were sighted, one on each siue of th steamer. The ship's guns opened a hut fire and the gunners believe that one of the submarines was struck. The ship again escaped, but sev eral hours later another submarine was sighted. Again the gunner opened fire, but whether or not the U-boBt was hit is unknown. In the meantime a wireless call was sent out and destroyers canu up at top speed. Search was made for the submarine while the liner continued on her way to port. It was stated that great excite ment prevailed upon the steamshit while she was being threatened, but that there was no panic. Quettionaire Returned. Thursday was the last day on which registrars were given to re turn questionare3 to the local exemo tion board, and all who have failed to file same are warned to do so at once because they stand liable to be reported to the adjutant general. The work of 'flassifying the ques tionaires in slow and tedious, but Mr. J. R. Randle and the other member? of the board expect to be able to be- gin mailing out classification card.--1 bout the middle of the week. Kincannon in City. Hon. A. A. Kincannon, of M "ti his, former present of th" Mmiv sinpi Industrial Institute and Co!'ee 's spending a few d-'vs hT. Tr. K;"- csnnon is now superintendent of '.he city schools of Memphis, which are f'osed for a short time on ncco'ir.t ff the fuel situation. D:e in France. Edward Moore, thought to be a ne- i trro, and who gave hh . address ns! Tibbee Station, M;ss., died the r- i week from pneumonia.in the trenches in France. i Mr. P.n P'fh rwnf TVi- v with relatives in the Andrew' Chapel neighborhood. pi ave front is broken by hard pressure ITALIANS FRUSTRATE AT TEMPT OF TEUTONS TO TAKE VENICE. TWO -HOUR FIGHT Bitter Attack on Part of Enemy Forces is Finally Repulsed By Them. Home, Jan 19. Italian troops nave succeeded in breaking the press ure which the enemy has been exert ing on the Lower Piave in the sector iva.-est Venice. This is a triangle sector originally cleared of the cincmy when the whole region'was in undated by opening the canals. But iwcMly low water has permitted the iiiemy to renew his incursions almost to Capo Sile and the Venetian la- L'nemy patrols had established dugouts and posts in the lagoons at Agenzia Zuliana, just across the river tram Capo Sde, which commands the canal running to Porto Grande and i lie region back of Venice. During he early days of the week the Ital i.ia navy had bombarded the dugouts i.i.l destroyed 'the bridge on which ent-my was attempting .to cross he Agenda Trezza. The enemy ' . ie repeated attempts to enlarge i i pos.tou, but was unifbrmily re .' .-d. :';.!",: by the repeated checks, the erny brought his full fore? to bear .'riv fhy morning. They were met ciio.-cn Italian troops from the rvnadit-r and Bersaglieri brigades. Th Bersaglieri hewed their way o the. enemy's support line, The fight v.us stubborn for the, first two hours, ut the enemy gradually'gave ground ind was finally pushed back from; !u' position he had gained. The following communication :, usjed by the war office Friday: "Along the whole of the front 'iier- have been brief artillery ac tions utid limited patrol activity. Our ; rtilleiy made concentrations of fire the reverse of Col Saprile and Col Mella Heretta. The enemy's fire, wh.eh was more lively against the 'tuitheastern slopes of Montello, was ; n-'.wered by British batteries which '' " moving troops between Mina iiid Cftnareggio. "On the southern slopes of Sasso Uo'vo and on the northern, slopes f Monte Solamolo enemy patrols A. re driven bf.'k with hand grenades. "Durini; the actions of Monday, ': ue;-day and Wednesday in the Aso 'on? area and east of Capo Silea a f.otal of 13 officers and 478 men and !8 machine sum and two bomb Miro-.rer? were captured." Mr. Arnutrong Announce. Mr. Frank Armstrong is announced elsewhere in this paper as a candi l.'ite for -'hancery clerk. Mr. Arm Urong is the son of Hon. J. T Arm trong, who for many, years was prominent in local politics and who is generally recognized m one' of the mot efficient men who ever serv ed the county as a public official, his record both as circuit clerk and sher iff beintf above criticism. The present aspirant for offi is --.if well and favorably known 'hrourhout the county, and both he and hU father have numerous friends vi'o wiil doubtless be glad to give hi in their support in the impending race. Join Aviation Corp. Mr. Blair Harrison, a Columbus bev and brother of Mrs. John. Mac la 'Man, of this city, has passed the ' ysieal examination to become an ". S. aviator. He expects to visit hrs before going into service.- Mr. Will Harrison, also a brother - f Mr. Maclachlan and a member o'f 'ho Royp.l Flying Corps at ; Fort Worth, Texas, who was hurt some t'ire aro in an accident, will soon re ce've his commission. B'ihop Bratton Coming. Bishop T. D. Bratton expects to he. in Columbus on Sunday, Feb. 3, far the purpose of instituting', Retr. fi. L. Malorie into the rectorship of Paul's church, whose pastorate of fie church begins on February 1st. The-v services will be intenpstinn und impressive, and our peopft will ;,-ir. wlrH n;brn Brstton in ettend irkf to Mr. Malone a moat MTty welcome to this diocese.