Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXIV. NO. 51.
COLUMBUS, MISS., SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 27, 1918. Semi-Weekly, $3.00 Per Yew. WOMEN ACTIVE IN WAR WORK TO MEET HERE STATE COUNCIL OF NAT IONAL DEFENSE CON VENES AT COLLEGE. .HAVE FINE PROGRAM Mrs. William Ogden Wade and Mrs. Edward McGehee Among Prominent Speakers. The Mississippi Division of the Woman's Auxiliary of the National Defense Council will meet at the In dustrial Institute and College in this city tomorrow, and an unusually attractive program has been prepar ed for the occasion. The address of welcome will be delivered by Hon. H. L. Whitfield, president of the col lege, and prominent among the speakers will be Mrs. William Ogden Wade, of New York, an official of the national organization, and Mrs. Edward McGehee, of Como, presi dent of the Mississippi division. The registration headquarters for the state is located at the Industrial Institute and College, and in the en rollment recently held under the supervision of Miss Emma Ody Pohl, a member of the faculty of that in stitution, a total of 12,103 Missis sippi women registered for war work. The program for the meeting fol lows: Morning session 10 to 12:30. Union singing, "America." Invocation. Address of welcome, Hon. H. L. Whitfield. Address, Mrs. William Ogden Wade, New York. Address, "Food Production and Home E:onomic8," ; Mis Victoria Hill, Tupelo, Miss. Address, Prof. R. M. Pate, Missis sippi A. and M. College. Address , "Mobilizing the Wo men," Mrs. Edward McGehee, Como. Miss. Afternoon session 2:30. Roll call of county chairmen. Reports from county organiza tions. Explanation of departmental work, national, state and county. Women in Industry. Child Welfare. Maintenance of existing social service agencies. Health and Recreation. Education. , Liberty Loans, War Savings. Home and foreign relief. . Round table discussion of plans for organizations in every county throughout the state. . Adjournment. MERCHANTS TO BE CLOSED TOMORROW HOLIDAYS WILL BE OBSERVED HERE EVERY MONDAY1 UNTIL MARCH 25. In order to conserve fuel the busi ness houses of Columbus will remain c losed throughout tomorrow and on every Monday until March 25. The following petition was circulated throughout the business section of the city Friday by Messrs. R E. Leigh and Sidney Loeb. "Believing it to be the patriotic duty of merchants to comply with the government request to conserve fuel, we the undersigned merchants of Co lu nbus heneby agree to keep our v,U res closed on next Mondajrand every Monday thereafter until March 25: Simon Loeb and Bro., R. E. Leigh, Harris Hardware Company: Lipsey and Chapsky, F. W. Wool worth Co., Shapira's Shoe Store, W. C. Beard, Inc., Kaufman Brothers; Idal Millinery Store, Columbus Ele trie Supply t House, T. F. Burleson and J. D.Burleson, A. J. Rombach, Columbus Clothing Co., Charles C. Buder, Gunter Brothers, Carl Tesch L. B. Divelbiss, J. B. Tolleson, Mike Kcrby & Bro., A.Feinstein, M.Runc1. man, S. Levenson, The Steen Co., E. B. Beard, Kerby and Wakefield, H. Hirshman, J. J. Price, Ezell Cloth ing Co., L. Rosenzweig & Co., Co lumbus Hardware and Furniture Co., F-"iH Herdware Co., A. Grwrtt Music House, Store. The Broken CLERK OF TUPELO BOARD IS FIRED ALLEGED UNPATRIOTIC RE MARKS RESPONSIBLE FOR DIS . MISSAL OF R. S. PORTER. Jackson, Miss., Jan. 26. Orders were issued from the adjutant gen eral's office Friday for the summary removal of R. B. Porter, of Tupelo, chief clerk north Mississippi district exemption board, for disloyalty and unjust and unfounded criticisms against the government. Complaints against Porter were filed with the provost marshal gen eral by Congressman E. S. Candler, several days ago, based on letters re -teived from Tupelo citizens and General Crowder in turn ordered the adjutant general's office to investi gate. Major J. M. Hairston, assistant adjutant general, was sent to Tupelo and on the basis of his report, a summary order for Porter's removal was issued. Investigations showed Porter had made many criticisms of the govern ment for entering the war, had made frequent verbal assaults on Presi dent Wilson, and had denounced the Red Cross as a grafting organizn tion. It also developed that Por ter had been discharged from, the Tupelo police force prior to his em ployment by the exemption board be cause of utterances against the gov ernment. BAKER WANTS TO MAKE STATEMENT SECRETARY OF WAR SEEKS OP PORTUNITY TO DEFEND HIS COURSE. , Washington, Jan. 26 Srcret-yy of War Baker intends to defend the American army from all strictures made upon it He also has demand ed the right to make this defense be fore the senate committee on mili tary affairs, whose chairman, Sen ator George Chamberlain recently attacked the "inefficiency" wfiich has kept the nation unprepared to wage a successful war. The secretary P'riday sent a letter to Senator Chamberlain asking that a meeting of the senate committee be called without delay to hear him and that " all members of the sen ate and the house who are disposed" to be given opportunity to attend. The Baker letter was as follows: "My Dear Senator Chamberlain: The questions which have arisen with regard to the conduct of the war re quire an explicit statement from me for the information of your commit tee and generally for information of congress and the country. "I feel that in justice I owe such a statement to the splendid officers and men of the army who have for gotten themselves and labored with such sacrifice and I think, success, in the building of a great army. It is due also to the great number of men of business and of affairs who have accepted the invitation of the war department to come to Wash ington and brought their business experience, their talent, and their judgment in public affairs. And I think that the people of the country are entitled to have at large a sum mary of what has been done by America in the war. "I, therefore, respectfully request that your committee arrange an op portunity for me to make such a statement and that the time and place be fixed as to enable all mem bers of the senate and the house of representatives who are disposed to attend. "If this request can be complied with I shall be happy to be advised at your earliest convenient of the time and place. "Cordially yours, "NEWTON D. BAKER." Hog Raisers to Meet. A meeting will be held at the court house in this city at 1 :30 o'clock next Saturday afternoon for the purpose of organizing the L6wn des County Duroc-Jersey Breeders' Association. Among those in atten dance will be Mr.. P. H. Saunders, assistant director of Pig Club work in Mississippi, and Mr. P. L. Wells, demonstration agent for Lowndes and Clay counties. Five minute talks on beg raising will be made by sev- Dollar 'eral local farmers who have had ex ' J perien?e in this industry. OPPOSITION OF C0L.R00SEVELT TO HELP WILSON TURNS NONPARTISAN SIT- UATION INTO A BITTER PARTISAN FIGHT. SOLIDIFIES PARTY His Endorsement of Senator Chamberlain's Speech Had Discounting Effect. In a dispatch sent out Friday from Washington in regard Jo the activi ties of Col. Theodore Roosevelt in that city, David Lawrence, corres- pondent of the New York Evening Post at the National Capital, says: "Col. Roosevelt, who helped Mr Wilson to the presidency in 1912 and then again in 1916, has again come to the rescue. What might otherwise have been a really non partisan situation with many Demo crats in sympathy with Senator Chamberlain has now resolved itself into a bitter partisan fight. Mr. Roosevelt has solidified the Demo cratic party behind the president There are a few Democrats who have not been voting with the president such as Senator Hitchcock and Sen ator Vardaman, but the great ma jority are going to stand by the pres ident in his plea for no interference by experimental bodies or organiza tions in the existing war making ma chinery. "Mr. Roosevelt helped for this reason. unquestionally President Wilson erred when he allowed his de nial of Senator Chamberlain's New York speech to go forth as a person al impeachment of the Oregon sen ator. He drove the chairman of the ouiite'nnntary affairs rommittee into a position in which he had to justify his original statement that the military establishment of the United States had fallen down. In doing so the Oregon senator told many grewsome and regretable truths, but he also stretched matters and exaggerated, and when all the facts are known of what the United States has done thus far in the war the things of which the Oregon sen ator complains will be found to have been a part of the military record but by no means a complete commen tary. Indeed, Mr. Roosevelt's prompt indorsement of Senator Chamberlain has led many Democrats to discount the statements made by the Oregon senator and attribute them to over zealous oratory and personal pique." Will Register Aliens. Mr. John Morton, chief of police, is in receipt of a tetter from Maj. W. S. Vardaman, United States Mar shal for this district, giving special instructions relative to the registra tion of aliens next month. The registration will begin simul taneously all over the country at 6 o'clock a. m. on February 4, and ending at 8 o'clock p. m., on Feb ruary 9. The la provides that all unnaturalized German males over the age of fourteen years must reg ister. Chief Morton states that no fee will be no charge for gratuities ac cepted from registrants by registra tion officers for administering oaths or for any other services in connec tion with the registration of German alien enemies. Tax Collector Here. Income Tax Collector Sid M. Jor dan, of Louisville, Miss., has arm ed in Columbus, and will remain here until February 13 looking after the collection o'f income taxes. It is the duty of Mr. Jordan not only to collect taxes but to give advice regarding the making out of state ments and all other phases ot the work. He will maintain headquarters at the Lowndes county court house and will be glad to rbnfer with all citizens who desire to consult him. Funeral This Morning. The remains of Mr. Wood Bailey, the 22-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Bailey, who enlisted in the navy in December and who died the past week from pneumonia at Nor folk, Va., arrived in Columbus Fri day and were taken to the family residence near Caledonia. The funer al will be held this morning at 10 :30 o'clock, conducted by Rev. T. E. Greeory, pastor of the Centra! Methodist church and interment will take place at Rowan cemetery. 000008000000000000 0 0 REGISTRATION OF WOMEN 0 0 FOR WAR WORK. . 0 0 0000000000 000000 Miss Emma Ody Pohl, head of the department of physical education at the Industrial Institute and College, who supervised the registration of women forwarwork recentlyheld un der the auspices of the Mississippi Division of the Woman's Auxiliary of the National Defense Council, has issued the following statement show ing the number ' of registrants in each county as well as as the chair man in each county: Adams, 512, chairman, Mrs. Joseph Kuehine; Alcorn, 94, chair man, Mrs. W. E. Small, Jr.; Amite, 26, chairman, Mrs. R. F. Priest; At tala, 320, Chairman, Mrs. E. C. Cole man; Benton, none, chairman, Mrs. Hattie Gresham; Boliver, 22, chair man, Miss Mary Bailey; Calhoun, none, chairman, Mrs. E. D. Mat thews; Carroll, 154, chairman, Mrs. J. W. Conger; Chickasaw, 135, chair man, Mrs. A. L. Jogoe; Choctaw, 86, 'hairman, Mrs. Velma Adams; Clai- born, 163, chairman, Miss Henrietta Person; Clarke, 211, chairman, Mrs. D. H. Heidelberg, Clay, 331, chair man, Mrs. W..C. White; Coahoma, 320, chairman, Mrs.-Walter Clarke; Copiah, 228, chairman, Mrs. A. B Pitts; Covington, 325, chairman Mrs. H. C. Halloway; De Soto, 21, chairman, Mrs. J. D. Choate; Forest, 331, chairman, Mrs. Lyn. Connor Franklin, 86, chairman, Mrs. R. E. Bennett ;George, 28, chairman, Mrs W. D. Ratliff ; Greene, 18, chairman, Mrs. C. E Andeny; Grenada, 170, chairman, Mrs. L. A. Morrison; Han cock, 85, chairman, Miss May Ed wards r Harrison, 607, chairman, Mrs. A. Hartman : Hinds 937, 'fcair man Mrs. rrecmani urougner; Holmes. 286. chairman, Mrs. Kate De Loach; Isaquena, 63, chairman, Mrs. Marie Spears; Jtawamba, 18, chairman, Mrs . A. TV- Cleveland; Jackson, 123, cnairmani Mrs,; J. Q. Ford; Jasper, 4, chairman, "none Jefferson, 103, chairtnao. Mrs. J "C. McNair; Jefferson Davis, 34, chair man, Mr. James L. , Bfrry; Jones, 164, chairman, Mrs. W, R. McGof an; Kemper, 29, chairman, Mrs, W. S. Carter; Lafayette, none, chair man, Mrs. L. A. Olson; Lamar,, 62, chairman, Mrs. J. W. Ovetreet; Lauderdale, 341, cViairra''.' Mrs. J. E. Wates; Lawrence, 62, chaiman. Miss Annie L. Arrington; Leake, 22, chairman, Miss Estelle Lang Ford; Lee, 185, chairman Miss Linda Kin cannon: Leflore, 159, chairman, Miss Mildred Spurrier; Lincoln 106. chairman. Mrs. David Cohn: Lowndes, 303, chairman, Mrs. Wm. Baldwin; Madison, 341, chairman, Mrs. J. J. Edwards; Marion, 47, chairman Mrs. H. L. White ; Mar shall, 108, chairman, Mrs. E. M. McGowan; Monroe, 624, chairman. Mrs. Thomas Cole; Montgomery, 550, chairman, Mrs. B. H. Trotter; Neshoba, 33, chairman, Mrs. J. T. Lester; Newton, 109, chairman, Mrs. Sam Grizzle; Noxubee, 140, diair man, Mrs. Tom Brame; Oktibbeha, 110, chairman, Miss Mary Gay Panola, 34, chairman, Mrs. Sue Rice Pearl River, 23, chairman, Miss (Continued on page 4.) EVERY MEMBER CANVASS TODAY MEMBERS OF FIRST METHODIST CHURCH TO RAISE CON FERENCE FUND. The First Methodist church will hold its Every Member Canvass this afternoon, during . which time the home of every member of the church will be visited by committeemen for the purpose of raising contributions to the annual conference fund A! committee, composed of twenty or more gentlemen, has been elc.ted to make the canvass. The members of this committee have recently held two very enthusiastic meetings; they have organized and appointed sub-committees to prepare for the work today. . v Every member of the First Metho dist church is requested and expect ed to remain at home this afternoon until the committee calls for the yearly conference fund. This fund is not for the pastor's salary, but for the benevolent causes supported by tne cnurcn inrougnoui me worm.. Cox and X- L Lawren0e; J. D. The committee, imposed of thejCooper and j c. Coivin. Joe Cook following gentlemen, are requested ! and Walter Beard. H 1L Duncan to meet at the study of Rev. S. L.Jand Feix Gunter; J. W. Joyner and Pope this afternoon at 1:30 o'clock:fC. R. McQueen; Ed Miller and J. R. T. W. Lewis and George Senter;; Randle; Joe Shull and M. E. Ingle G. D. Hams and R. L. Terry, A. A. I bert; J. J. (Vindhrm rnd Dr. W. H. Breast and L. L, Locke; W. E.!Eubanks: Lester Lang and P. C. Leech and Joe Love, Jr.; Myrick Hairston. NO DECREASE IN ATTENDANCE AT THE COLLEGE WAR HAS NOT AFFECTED ENROLLMENT OT THE LOCAL INSTITUTION. TO MAKE. A REPORT President Whitfield is Prepar ing Data for Submission to Legislature- The Mississippi legislature recent Iy adopted a resolution calling upon the heads of the different education al institutions supported by the state to submit reports showing the pre sent attendance at those institutions as compared with that of last year, and while Hon. II. L. Whitfield, pres ident of the Industrial Institute and College in this . ity, hus as yet re ceived no official communication re garding the matter he is at work on the desired data and will have the report ready when called for. It is known that a great many young Mississippians have responded to the call to arms during the past few months, and knowing that the attendance at male college.? through out the state had been materially depleted, the legislature desired to obtain accurate information regard ing the number of students now en rolled at these institutions, so that appropriations for support and maintenance could he made ac cordingly. The Industrial Institute and Col lege, being a female institution, haH not been affected by war; but the school was nevertheless included in the number which must submit fig ures showing the present attendance as compared with that of last year, and President Whitfield is more than willing to comply with the mandate of the state solons. His report will show that there has been no falling off in the attendance at the local in stitution, the number of students now enrolled being practically the same as last year. Definite figures are not yet obtainable, but President Whitfield states that his report will show a difference of less than o dozen students in attendance during the two years which the document will cover. Marguerite Clark at Princess Mon day in a "Sub Deb" Story." The patrons of the Prin-'ess will no doubt be delighted to know that dainty little Marguerite Clark, will be the attraction for Monday, the 28th, in the second of Mary Roberts Rinehardts famous "Sub Deb" stories, "Bab's Diary." This is a de lightfully pleasing little picture, and that Miss Clark is ideally suited for the -fharacter of "Bab" will be at tested to by the many who saw her in "Bab's Burglar" and we promise that is even better than the frst one. Matinee at 3:00 and 4:45. Night at 7:30 and 8:45. Admission 10 and 20 cents. NOTE: The Princess will be closed Tuesday the 29th on account of th Fuel Administration ruling. First Methodict Church. Preach in'e at 1 1 :00 o'clock this morning. Subject, "God's Call to the linusual." Evening servkte at 7:15 o'clock. The night service will be in part a re port of the canvass committee, each pair reporting the result of their work for the afternoon. The pastor ...:u L ..u n. ...V. . . i , TV t TU-A i I jeci uemK 1 ne i-aie iiiui ,jvun Gives." We have plenty of coal for the day, church will be warm, and all who come will be heartily welcomed Worship with us if you will. Mr. J. A. Watson., leaves this morning for Camp Hancock, near Augusta, Ga., where he goes to re ceive his commission as field clerk. v Mr. A. T. Bush's many friends re gret to learn of his serious illness at his home in South Columbus. ITEMS OF INTEREST PACKERS MADE OVERTHECOUNTRYAN ppQpj jq rrrr:LrPrlSTop inquiry SENTED IN BRIEF FORM. The number of women employed in munition factories has increased from 3,500 in 1910 to more than 100,000 in 1917, a--ording to a re port made to the National Leugue of Women's service, and 1,266,000 wo men are engaged in industrial work which is directly or indirectly neces sary to carry on the war. Lnder the new food regulations Swiss people are allowed one-fifth oi pound of butter per person pot month. Four tons of shipping capacity art required to transport a soldier, and another ton is. necessary for hit- equipment. In addition, it takes 50 pounds of ship capacity a day t keep him supplied with food, cloth ng and ammunition. The United State, import in .-; be fore the war as much as JlO.oon.ooo worth of aniline dyes a year, in If months of last year exported dye- alued at $12,500,000. ' A milion checks a month will soon be going forward from the bureau of war-risk iiiRurnive , to safeguard America's fighting forces and th-h families. Applications from soldier; and sailors for insurance rre near $4,000,000,000. TEACHERS APPROVE PROPOSED LAWS LOWNDES COUNTY PEDAGOGUES INDORSE BILLS NOW PEND ING IN LEGISLATURE. At a called meeting: of tha Lown des County School Teachers' Asso ciation which was held at the court' house Saturday resolutions indorsing two bills vitally affecting education al matters throughout the state which are now pending before tin legislature were adopted. One of these bills provides that each county elect a school commission of t'm members, one from each supervisor's uisiri'ic, lo supervise the manage ment of the schools, while the othei provides that the county superinten dent of education be elected by this commission instead of by the quali fled voters, as is done under existing statutes. Both resolutions were introduced by Prof. H. G. McGowan, head of the horticultural department, at tin Mississippi Industrial Institute ani1 College, and Prof. McGowan state that their introduction whs not it tended to cast any reflection upor Prof. E. A. Stanley, the present sup erintendent of education in Lown des r'ounty, whom ho considers ar unusually efficient man. Prof McGoWwJ believes, however, tha' the proposed laws are progressive ir their nature, and, therefore, askef' his fellow teachers to indor.se the bills. Mrs. M. M. Green, secretary of thi Lowndes County Red Cross Chapter appeared before the pedagogues am' requested them to undertake the or ganization of a Junior Hod Cross So ciety here. While the county a present has no organization of thi; character, pupils of the Harrow Me morial School have knitted an af ghan, which was on display at tb.t meeting, and pupils at Franklir Academy are now at work on a simi lar garment. Superintendent of Education Stanley urged the teach ers to take up the Red Crops v-m-l In their schools and also requestet' them to do everything possible to in terest pupils in the sale of war tsv ings stamps. Thrift Story By Columbus Boy. "By-Products of the Thrift LlVa,' a most interesting article, has been written by Mr. Julian B. Sherrod, of this city, who holds a position in the department of Science in the Vicks burg high school. The story being so timely and of general interest ha.-' been accepted by Mr. Thomas, of Grenada, director of sn'f of War ! Stamps in Mississippi, who has print ed twenty thousand folders contain ing the article, which will be dis tributed throughout Mississippi. Mr. Sherrod, who is a bril'fanf young man, is a son of Mr. ami Mrs W. H. Sherrod. of this citv. and the Commercial joins many friend-" ir congratulating him upon the ston written. CORRESPONDENCE SHOW. ING THEIR ACTIVITIES BROUGHT TO LIGHT. LETTERS LURED Shewed That Packers Feared Criminal Prosecution as Re sult of Quiz. Washington, Jan. 26. Activitie behind the scenes in Washington ' during the agitation in 1916 for an investigation into the live stock and oacking industry were revealed Fri day in correspondence .taken from he confidential files of Swift & Com pany, of Chicago, showing the ef forts of the big pa cking firms to de feat any inquiry into their business. The correspondence was introduc ed at the resumption of the fed cm! trade commission's invitation '.hich was transferred abruptly from 'lie middle west when Walter Twora dy, an agent of the commission, un earthed from the Swift files docu ments regarded as of such sensation 's! importance that Francis J. Heney pceiiil counsel, and his assistants !nirried here from Chicago to put the discoveries into the official record. During the period covered by the correspondence there were pending in Congress resolutions introduced by Representative Borland, of Missouri and Doolittle, of Kansas, proposing inquiry into conditions of live stock marketing, which cattlemen had charged permitted the packers to manipulate the market as they chose. A report on the situation made by counsel to G. F. Swift, Jr., and other ofiVvrs of the firm, said: "We believe the situation to be serious and recommend that every 'hing be done in every direction to head off the present movement. We believe that as it stands today noth ing could stop criminal prosecu tions, f In addition to working in Wash nt'ton the packers went to the source f the agitation for an inquiry. Their records showed they were kept in formed of the plans of the Ameri can National Live Stock Association oy T. W. Tomilson, secretary, and made their preparations to nullify 'he association's work. In addition "educational" work was undertaken 't the association's conventions and outuel recommended that the pack ers assist conservative elements in he various associations to gain con riA and hush the opposition. EXAMINATION MAY TAKE PLACE HERE 'RESIDENT WHITFIELD WILL ASK GOVERNMENT OFFI CIALS FOR LOCAL QUIZ. For several months past many tuder.t'i of the Mississippi Industrial " utitute and College have been uc 'Jvidy preparing themselves for war work of various kinds, and a number of young ladies who have been study iuj stenography with the view of en tering the employ of the federal gov ernmcrt had planned to go to West P-dnt for the purpose of undergoing ;t civil service examination which is to lie held in that city on February President Whitfield believes, how ever, that government officials can be induced to hold an examination in Columbus, as the number of stu dents who would enter the contest is imply large to justify such action. He will take the matter up with the t roper authorities, and it is extreme- iy likely tnai nis enori xo nave pro vision made for the lcKfel examina tion of applicants for positions will be crowned with success. Miss Catherine Hillard, head of the millinery department at W. C. Beard's, is in New York purchasing stock. Mr. L. H. first of the business. Shapira will spend the week in the Delta cn