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VOL. XXIV. NO: 58. COLUMBUS, MISS., THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 21, 1918. Semi-Weekly, $3.00 Per Year. WILLIAMS SAYS FARMERS MUST ALL DIVERSIFY DISTINGUISHED MISSISS1P PIAN GIVES SAGE AD VICE TO PLANTERS. URGES- FOODSTUFFS Points Out Existing Shortage And Says Needs Must Be Supplied. Washington Feb. 20. Senator John Sharp Williams, one of the largest growers of cotton in the Unit cl States, believes that the safest course the farmers of the south can steer this year lies in the eone of ii op diversification. He believes in the south going more and more into variety as a sound economic propo sition, but this year particularly he says should witness crop diversifica tion on a scale not hitherto attempt ed. So strongly does Senator Wil liams believe in diversification that less cotton Was cultivated on his plantation in Yazoo county last year than ever before, and if his wishes j.revail there will be only a limited acreage planted in cotton on his old home place this season. Senator Williams sees disappoint ment and danger, to the cotton farm er in ! the high prices the staple has commanded since last fall. Because of this fact, he said today, many farmers, apparently were - bent on planting for an increased acreage, and if this course is persisted in there is sure to be an over production next fi. He said that if the war should end before this year's cotton crop is ready for marketing, the price of the staple would tumble down to 8 or 10 cents, and even if the war goes on. another year r two he does not see a continuance of the present high prices of cotton. While the prob able duration of the war is purely a matter of speculation, some of its closest students' in Washington do not fix the end at a shorter distance than two years. Of course, it is re garded as humanly possibly to end the war sooner than before the end of another two years, but something would not now even dimly fore shadowefl would have 'to eventuate in theneantimr The allies on the western " front, for instance, might win a ilecisive victory over the Huns in the? latter' big drive now loom ing onthe horizon, but there can be no assurance in advance that such pood fortune is in store for the allied powers.' But the demand for food products and the high price at which they are scld will continue whether the war goes on another three or four years or is brought to an end before the year is out There is a shortage of food everywhere except in America, and the demand .upon its food sup plies are far less now than they will be by -the time of the next harvest. The transporting of food supplies is ass ured in any event, but no such as surance can be given as to cotton. Obviously.- the world needs cotton and wHl "get cotton if it can, but an overproduction of ' the staple and limited shipping facilities to carry it over seas mean low prices. Senator Williams said today that it was never more necessary for the f.outh to diversify its crops than this senson. 'and as one individual inter- erted in farming he intends to prac ti -e what he preaches by having a va ricty of 'food products cultivated on hi-t plantation. This does not, mean that no cotton will be grown on his place this year, but that the kingship of the staple will be disputed by Riain and grass crops. In other words, he intends to raise food for man and live stock. The Missisipp! wnator, however, was not optimistic as to the widespread adoption of the crip diversification propaganda, for the reason that SO-cent cotton this year appealed ' powerfully to the average man who makes a crop. . "You might as well shoot peas at Gibraltar," said the senator, "as to try to persuade some men this year that there is danger and disaster in an overproduction of cotton this .fr.ll." .. . . Senator 1 Williams believes, how- ever, that the farmers of the south are realizing more and more the wis dom and practical food in crop diver smcation. . , By R. M. GATES Good Housekeeping, 2 years, $2 WILSON NAMED TO HEAD STATE MASONIC BODY LAUREL MAN ELECTED MEETING HELD IN . NATCHEZ. MERIDIAN IN 1919 Next Annual Amalgamation To Be Held At Lauderdale County Capital. Natchez, Miss., Feb. 20. At the centennial election Tuesday night, of the Mississippi Masonic Grand Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, officers elected for the ensuing year were: W. L. Wilson, Laurel, Grand Master. L. A. Benoist, Natchez, Senior Grand Warden. E. L. Faucette, Newton, Junior Grand Warden. Rabbi; Abram Brill, - Meridian, Grand Chaplain. B. V. White, Meridian, re-elected Grand Treasurer. Frederick Gordon Speed, Vicks- burg, re-elected Grand Secretary. J. Rice Williams, Houston, reelect ed Grand Lecturer. J. Yaretsky, - Shuqualak, Grand Tyler. . ,V ? . . . miT i a t t ine oniy coniesi was ior junioi Grand Warden, five members. The next annual session will be held in Meridian. Organize Barber Union Mr. John Hart, of Toledo, Ohio, general organizer for the Journey men Barbers' International Union of America, was a visitor to Columbus the first of the week and while in jthe city organized a local union, -The local order will hold meetings pn the second and fourth Monday nights of each month. The following officers have been elected: Milton Draper, president; J. G. Pennington. yice-presidentj J. R. Grey, corres pondent and financial secretary; J. D. Burleson, treasurer; E. L. Bol ton, recording secretary. To Conduct Training School. The First Baptist church of this city is to conduct a training school for leaders, officers and teachers. The school wilT begin next Monday evening and will continue through out the week. The training will be in charge of leading Sunday school workers, among whom will be Mr. II. L. Strickland, of Nashville, organi zation secretary for the south; Mr. E. Byrd, of Mt. Olive, field secre tary of the Baptist Sunday School organization for Missisippi, and Miss Fannie Traylor, of Jackson, assis tant field secretary. Ellit Reappointed. Mr. Frank D. Ellis, who for four years past has so efficiently served as court stenographer for this, the six teenth circuit court district, and whose term expired the past week, was on Monday reappointed for the position by Hon. Thomas B. Carroll, of Starkville, judge of this district. Mr. Ellis, who resides in this city, is a most efficient stenographer, and during the time he has made Colum bus his home he has won many warm friends. Hanna Win Prize. Mr. Edward N. Hanna, the well known local photographer, has been awarded third prize, amounting to $25, by the judges in the de Pont- Davis Road Photographic contest recently held by the National High way Association. This is quite a com pliment, and Mr. Hanna s many friends here congratulate him upon his success. I Now la Franc.'" News reaches Columbus that Rev I. D. Borders, who for several years served as pastor of the Central Methodist church in this city, is now in France, having recently been com missioned as a captain in the Amer ican Expeditionary forces. Men Reexamined. Forty-five Columbians went to West Point Tuesday for re-examination by the district medical advisory board. These men had been rejected by the local board on account of phy sical disqualification and the govern ment appealed their cases. ITEMS OF INTEREST OVER THE COUNTRY GIST OF THE NEWS GATHERED HERE AND THERE AND PRE SENTED IN BRIEF FORM. Several additions have reecntly been made to the list of trains disj continued in Canada. It is reported from Berlin that a trust is being formed for handling ail motion picture films. Secretary Lane has recommended a bill for further protection of men engaged in the present war who prior to entering the service had initiated claims on public-lands. Men who are capable of handling horses are still wanted for the Vet erinary Corps. They must be phy sically fit and not of selective-service age. To meet the shortage of small sil ver change in Norway a large issue of 1-crown notes (at normal ex change the Norweigian crown is worth 26.8 cents United States cur rency) has been put in circulation. But 2,001 men have been exempt ed on the ground of "moral deficien cy." This phrase was defined by the President's regulation to include per sons convicted and sentenced for fel ony in any court of record. Stating that reports show men in army camps have made remarkable improvement in physique and bear ing, Secretary of War Baker has ad vised that troop parades be held in cities near the camps and canton ments. A large harvest of natural ice is being strongly urged. The Food Ad ministration states that assurance can not be given that there will be a sufficient supply of ammonia for the manufacture of the customary amount of artificial ice next sum mer. ' , , According to a statement by the manager of the Emergency Fleet Corporation, the Shipping Board now has 716 shipways, of which 312 are for wooden ships and 404 for steel construction. " The program calls for the construction in 1918 of eight times the tonnage delivered in 1916, at a cost of more than f 1,Q00,- 000,000. Women with a fluent knowledge of French are being trained in sev eral cities for work in France as telephone operators with the Ex peditionary Forces. They will not be sent over in one unit, but ordered to go in groups from time to time. No information can be given as to the locality in which the telephone operators will be stationed. Several employess of the United States Lighthouse Service have re ceived letters of commendation from Secretary of Commerce Redfield for courageous acts performed under conditions which were more than or dinarily hazardous on account of the severe weather of the present win ter season. Skillful seamanship was required, lives and property were preserved, and flames were extin guished. It is the opinion of the United States Food Administration that the gross maximum profit for wholesalers in flour should not exceed from 50 to 75 cents per barrel. The profit to retail dealers in original mill pack ages should not exceed from 80 cents to $1.20 per barrel, depending upon the character of service performed. Where retailers sell in amounts less than the original mill packages, the gross profit should not exceed 1 cent a pound. Patriotic Exerciie. Patriotic exercises will be held at the Franklin Academy on Friday, February 22nd, Washington's birth dav. The Primary department will be in the Primary Building at 1:30 and the Grammar School Depart ment in the chapel at 2:30. An invitation, is extended to the public. A free-will offering is" asked of every child and of all who attend from one cent to any amount This contribution is to be used for Red Cross work in the different grades. Dr. E. M. Jamison, Mr. E. O. Harper, Mr. J. B. Egger, Mr. Sam Dodson, Mr. O. M. Smith, Mr. Sam Smith and Mrs. Emily Egger, of the Caledonia section, were among those who visited Columbus yesterday. Mrs. J. D. Davidson left yesterday morning for Miami, Fla., where she goes to spend some time with rola tives. Mr. N. W. Whitfield's many friends regret to learn of his serious illness the past several days. COOaOD(00OOOOOODOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO WRITTEN BY MARTHA WASHINGTON. Kate Field's It is appropriate to Washington's birthday to print a copy of the O 9 only letter and signature of Martha Washington in possession of O 8 the United States government. This letter lay for more than O O ninety years hidden among some musty archives at the Capitol, and O O was later discovered by Walter H. French, clerk of the depart: O O ment of files, House of Representatives. The spelling, punctua- O O tion and other peculiarities are carefully reproduced: O B ' Mount Vernon.December 31st, 1779. O Sir: 9 While I feel with keenest anguish 9 the late Disposition of Divine Providence, O I cannot be insensible to the mournfull 9 tribute of respect and veneration which 9 are paid to the memory of my dear de- O ceased husband and as his best services 9 and most anxious wishes were always 9 devoted to the welfare and happiness of 9 his country io know that they wen 9 truly appreciated and gratefully remem- 1 9 bered affords no inconsiderable consolation. 9 Taught by the great example which 9 I have so long had before me never to 9 oppose my private wishes to the' public 9 will I must consent to the request made 9 by congress which you have had the 9 goodness to transmit to me and in doing 9 this I need not I cannot say that a 9 sacrifice of individual feeling I make to a 9 sense of public duty 9 With grateful acknowledgement 9 and unfeigned thanks for the personal 9 respect and evidences of condolence expres- 9 sed by congress, and your self. 8 I remain very respectfully 8 sir, 9 Your most obedient & humble 9 servant 8 MARTHA WASHINGTON. 8 88888888 8888888 CO AGED CALEDONIA CITIZEN SUCCUMBS DR. J. W. THOMAS, A CIVIL WAR VETERAN, IS TO BE BURIED TODAY. Many citizens throughout Lown des county mourn the death of Dr. J. W. Thomas, who yesterday morn ing at 1 o'clock passed away after a long and useful life, at his home in Caledonia. He was 88 years of i a 1 Mil age, ana ne naa oeen in in neaan for some time past. Funeral services will be held this morning at the family residence at JO .o'clock conducted by Rev. M. II. Armeur,of Baldwin, formerly minis ter of the Christian church in this city. Interment will take place at Egger cemetery. Dr. Thomas was a native- of Tennessee, and came to Lowndes county when quite young. He was brave veteran of the Civil War, having rendered his services as a doctor to the1 suffering soldiers. After the war he continued to practice medicine and up to a short time be fore his death did all in his power to bring relief to the suffering. He was a most worthy citizen and was loved and admired by everyone who had known him. He is survived by three children Mrs. S. L. Darnell, Mrs. A. M. Law rence and Mr. J. E. Thomas,' all of Caledionia, to whom the Commercial joins countless friends in extending heartfelt sympathy in this said hour. NEGRO BOY ROBBED STORE SAFE OF $175 Local officers are busily engaged in trying to locate Miis Allison, a negro boy, who it is alleged, at an early hour Monday morning en tered the grocery store of D. S. Cox and Son, located on Main street in this city, and after working the combination on a safe made away with $175 in cash. The negro had been employed at the store for sev eral months past. The negro's coat was found near the safe, and when he failed to make his appearance to clean the building the blame was placed on him. After taking the money he got for himself from the stock a new pair of shoes and also a red sweater belonging to one of the members of the firm. A Columbus negro saw Allison leave the city on an early morning train, and upon hearing of the rob bery reported the matter to the local police. Chief of Police Morton and Mr. Myrvck Cox hurriedly went to Ar tesia in an automobile but no trace of Allison was found. Mr. Sam Schwab, of Chicago, who is to soon again begin a dry goods business on Main street in this city. has arrived in Columbus. He ex pects his family next week. Washington. 9 8 9 8 8 9 9 8 9 9 9 8 8 9 9 9 9 O 0 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 9 9 888888989988889 PLANTER'S BODY INTERRED HERE FUNERAL OF MR. ROBERT W. PERKINS HELD AT ST. PAUL'S EPISCOPAL CHURCH. The body of Mr. Robert W.' Per kins, a wealthy Coahoma county planter, who died Monday at a hos pital in Memphis, was brought here for interment, having arrived over the Southern Railway at 2.20 o'clock Tuesday afternoon and having been taken to St. Paul's Episcopal church, where services were conducted by Rev. E. Lucien Malone, rector of the local church, and Rev. W. E. Dakin, rector of the Episcopal church at Greenwood. Mr. Perkins, who was 35 years of age, was one of the wealthiest planters in the prosperous delta sec tionand was well known in Colum but, having married Miss Laura Young, who is a daughter of Mrs. Alice Young, and who was for several years a member of the faculty at Franklin Academy, and who was ex tremely popular in local, social and educational circles. Quite a number of friendsfromothercities accompan ied the remains to Columbus, among those who attended the funeral hav jng been: Mr. and Mrs. Dryer, of Memphis; Mr. and Mrs. Perkins, and Mr. and Mrs. Mullen, of Clarksdale; Mrs. Alice Young, Mr. and Mrs. P V. Pollock and Mr. and Mrs. Price McLemore, of Greenwood, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Bh'i, of New York, wer? unable t" be in rttendance. .Vr. Perkins and Miss Youi.g were mar ried ut St Paul b fjiioopal church in this city several years ago, and Rev. Dakin, who was in attendance at the funeral service, performed the wedding ceremony. Interment took place at Friend ship cemetery. The following pallbearers officiat ed: Messrs. L. W. Stevens, Amzi Love. W. B. Harrington, Frank Owen, Warren M. Cox and J. R. Richards. The following ladies com posed the floral committee: Miss Joe Estes, Miss Sadie Hudson, Miss Ella Lou Terry and Mrs. Frank P Phillips. Pay Your Grocer Promptly. In this isrue of the Commercial i appears a nice size auvertisemeni headed "Pay Your Grocer Prompt ly." The grocer as well as any other business man needs cash in order to run h'.s business, and every one should consider thits -nat r. Many houseviws will end in several or ders during the day to the grocer and expect delivery of same. Each delivery costs the merchant money, and those ordering should be con siderate and try and make in one or-1 der all that is needed during the day. Otherwise they should themselves go to the store and take home the package. COLUMBUS IS READY TO HELP WESTP0INT0UT WILL EXTEND AID IN THE CARING FOR CAMP VISITORS. CONFERENCE IS HELD Local Committee Confers With Mayor of Clay County Capi tal. While all liberal minded Colum bians admire the doughty spirit ex hibited by citizens of West Point, which is located a few miles west of here in Clay county, in securing an aviation camp for their city, and would not undertake to rob them of any of the benefits which should rightfully accrue as the result of their enterprise, it is barely possible that our enterprising neighbor will need outside assistance in caring for the large number of people which will be attracted to their city by the presence of the embryonic flyers, and in the event that this need de velops Columbus will be glad to rend er all possible aid. With the view of ascertaining the needs which would probably develop, a committee of Columbians recently visited West Point and had a con ference with Mayor Cottrell of that city. . Mayor Cottrell received the visitors most cordially, and told them that if West Point found that it would be necessary to call on neighboring cities and towns to help her take care of the crowds he would be glad to have the assistance of Columbus in the undertaking. It seems that the War Department feared that the electric light plant at West Point would not be able to furnish sufficient illumination for the camp, and a government official con sulted with officials of the Columbus Railway, Light and Power Company regarding the running of a line to that city to furnish additional cur rent. The West Point municipal council has, however, decided to in stall machinery which will materially increase the capacity of the plant there, so it will not be necessary to secure additional current from this city. There is some talk of inducing either the Southern Railway or the Mobile and Ohio Railroad to operate shuttle trains between West Point and Columbus for the benefit of those who may desire to visit thit city, but nothing definite towards se curing a train service of this charac ter has yet been accomplished. Finance Committer to Meet. Mr. Thomas J. Locke, chairman of the Finance Committee of the loea: Red Cross chapter, has called a meet ing of his committee for tonight at 7:30 at the Chamber of Commerce. The purpose of the meeting is to out line plans for the support of the lo cal chapter in its splendid work of making equipment for the boys at the front. Some plan of permanent financing will discussed at the meeting. To Join Fighting Force. Mr. Everett Jacob's many friends in Columbus will be interested in hearing that he is to soon go to New York, where he goes to join Uncle Sam's forces. Mr. Jacob has for some time past been a government chemiBt stationed in Panama. He recently made a visit to his parents Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Jacob, in this city. & . Mr. J. Albert Loeb, who has been spending the past several weeks in New York City, purchasing a full and complete line of spring and summer stock for the' firm of Simon Loeb and Bro., Inc., has returned to Columbus. The many friends of Mr. James Ralston are glad to learn that he is improving after a long sickness. He is now in a Memphis hospital and hi mother, Mrs. B. E. Ser.rl, is at his bedside. Mr. T. H. McAdams, representa tive of the Clements Paper Co., of Nashville, Tenn., was in the city Tuesday transacting business. The many friends of Mr. and Mr?. W. A. Deale reeret to learn of the illness the past several days of their little daughter, Maurine. BUTLER QUITS AS HEAD OF THE INSANE ASYLUM RESIGNATION MAY STOP IMPEACHMENT PROCEED INGS IN HOUSE. MITCHELL IS NAMED Pontotoc Physician Appointed To Fill Vacancy Caused by Resignation. Jackson, Miss., Feb. 20. Dr. R. M. Butler has resigned. With a trial for impeachment star ing him in the face for mrny alleged irregularities in the conduct of the state insane hospital, of which he was the superintendent, Dr. Butler has tendered his resignation as stew ard to Gov. Bilbo and it has been ac cepted. Indications were last night that, inasmuch as the Senate had set no date for starting the court of im peachment, the House would drop the prosecution. Dr. Butler was charged with mis management and immorality in con nection with his superitendency of the state insane hospital. Dr. C. D. Mitchell, of Pontotoc has been offered the position. Dr. Mitch ell is at present president of the state board of health. The situation in regard to the staging of an impeachment trial against the superintendent of the state insane hospital, which has been practically the entire topic discussed in legislative circles for the past two weeks, growing out of the return of impeachment articles by the House of Representatives, seems to be somewhat clarified Tuesday night by happenings of the expected. ThiiJnay mean that, with tilt of ficial transaction as reported formal ly and constitutionally communicat ed to the Legislature through the Senate, which is the official and recognized custodian of the matter, the committee of managers hithertb selected, on the part of the House to represent that body in the official trial may be induced to withdraw its charges and let the matter rest where it is. As stated by Representative Frier son, of Lowndes, chairman of the special committee of the House and also chairman of the committee of managers, that committee will want the assurance officially and in writing that Dr. Butler has resigned and has eliminated himself from the horixon altogether before they will agree to ask the return of the impeachment documents. Or, in other words, "the committee will have to be sworn and the majority of thellouse will have to be shown beyond peradventure" that Hutler is out before it will consent to a quashing of the indictment. The developments of Tuesday af ternoon indicate that there was method in the play for delay when the matter of organizing the Senate into an impeachment trial court was brought up by Senator Shields on Friday. The suggestion to defer ac tion until Tuesday came from true and loyal adherents of the adminis tration, and the men who had their ears to the ground realized that Sen ators Franklin and Burrow but echoed the voice in the throne room. However, this may not mean a ces sation of the legal proceedings, a it was stated by a lawyer close to the leader on the Butler side of the case. "We don't want to shut off a trial simply because Dr. Butler has resigned. On the other hand, we want to try it out on the charges laid down, and before a competent court, and that is what will most probably be done." On the other hand, the proponents of impeachment or some of them saw in the action of Dr. Butler an opportunity to get out .t long, drag ging trial, which while it continues will be the means of blocking really important legislation, and in the in terest of economy and time saving they would not be averse to accept ing the situation as it looks. Mr. Graham Jones, a member of the U. S. Navy, is at home on a ten days furlough. . Mr. Jones made a trip across the Atlantic in a ship1 which was a convoy of twenty-five. Mr. T. J. Smith, a well known citizen of the Caledonia neighbor hood, was in the city on business Tuesday.