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VOI XXV. NO. 13. COLUMBUS, MISS., THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 19, 1918. Semi-Weekly, $3.00 Per Year. COTTON PRICES ARE TO BE SET PEACE OFFER NO COTTON TO INEW DRIVE IS Pumped Dry OF AUSTRIA HAS BE GINNED FOR 10-DAY PERIOD LAUNCHED BY BYGOVERNMENT BEEN REJECTED THE BRITISH mm -- - i . . ." . ' - i. ni . EXECUTIVE ORDER SOON TO BE ISSUED BY PRES IDENT WILSON WILL BE 25 CENTS This is Figure Tentatively Agreed Upon by Govern ment Officials. P. M. Harding, of Vieksourg, loueral loud administrator for Missis sippi, bag issued an order proviuiu thut no coiton be ginned-within ttie borders of tue state for a period ol ten days. The order becomes effec tive at midnight tonight and will remain In force until September 28 at midnight. The order Is said to have been isaued because cotton Beed are lay ing up rotting, as the railroads are so busy hauling freight for the gov ernment that they can not spare cars to' transport them to points where oil mills' are located. In addition 'to this, the government officials seera to be of the opinion that farmers should devote their time to picking while the weather is pro pititious, and not be in such a hurry to get their cotton ginnea. A press dispatch from Vieksburg giving the details of the order fol lows: , . ' Beginning Thursday night at mid night all cotton gins throughout Mississippi will cease ginning for a period of ten days, in compliance with an order Issued from the office of P. M. Harding, federal food ad ministrator for Mississippi late today. This was agreed upon and announce ed at a meeting which was attended by representative farmers, ginners and cotton seed crushers through out various sections of the state. READY FOR DRIVE. The Lowndes County, Woman's 'Coinmitqee of the Fourth Liberty Loan drive to be launched on Sep tember 28, has completed its or ganization and have planned and in tensive campaign both in volume ami in amount. Mrs. II. F. Simrall, whose ability and enthusiastic Inter est has been factored in the success of former loans, is the chairman for the county; Mrs. F. P. PhilUps, vice chairman; i Mrs. William Baldwin, sales-manager; Miss Mary Eillups, publicity manager. A thorough canvass of the city and county has been arranged. BREWER KAILHOAD 81 R'.EOX. Dr. W. C. Brewer has geen ap pointed local surgeon for the Sou thern Railway in Mississippi, the ap pointment having been made by Chief Surgeon Inge, of Mobile. Dr. Brewer succeeds Dr. R. C. Molloy, who recently went to Mobile to en gage in government work. GASOLINE OKDEK OHSEKVED. The request of Fuel Administrator Garfield, that owners of automobiles refrain from using them for pleas ure purposes on the Sabbath was rigidly observed here last Sunday. Trucks were used In hauling mail and for other necessary rurposes, but the number of joy riders was so small as to be practically negliblo. LEAVE HERE TODAY. Messrs. Carrol Hackleman, Harvey Cook and S. M. Nash, Jr., who have been drafted, leave today for A. and M. College, where they will begin instruction for war work. PIGGLY WIGCLY STORE" OPENS SATURDAY NIGHT Everything will be in readiness for the big openjng of the Piggly Wiggly store on South Market street Saturday morning at 9 o'clock, and which will remain open until 10 p. m. While the Piggly Wiggly is the latest style of gro cery business, tHe one in "this city will make the sixty-seventh" to be. opened in the United States. Mr. W. E. Carothers, of Memphis, special agent of the Piggly Wiggly Stores, ia here supervising the open ing of the new store, wnieh is to be managed by Messrs. Cox, of Starkville. The public ia, invited to attend the opening. You will feel better if you keep your War Savings pledge. PRESIDENTISSUES STATE- MENT THROUGH SEC- , RETARY LANSING TERMS WITHHELD Will, However, Entertain No Offer for Mere Discussion of Peace. Washington, Sept, 8. TnV United States (Govepnment's unconditional rejection of the peace proposal by Austria-Hungary speaks for all the nations arrayed against the Central Powers is the belief of officials here today. -America's answer issued by Secretary Lansing last night upon authorization of President Wilson almost immediatedly upon delivery of the Austrain note by the Swedish minister constitutes one of the shorf est important notes recorded in American diplomatic history. iAfter stating that "the U. S. feels that there is only one reply which it can make to the Imperial Austro Hungarian government," President Wilson let forth the position of the United States government in a gle sentence as follows: "It has repeatedly and with can dor stated the terms upon which the United States would consider peace and can and will enter no proposal for a conference upon a matter con cerning which it has made its posi tion and purpose so plain." Prof. J. R. Vaughan, whose home is at Steens, and who recently went east to take up Y. M. C. A. work abroad was rejected and has re turned to this city. An order, was issued allowing "no one in the draft age to do oversea duty, unless it be domestic service, and Prof. Vaughan decided to return to Steens and take Up farm work. Mrs. Sarah Sheffield has been named to represent the Y. M. C. A. in the unified drive for funds for war activities which is to be under taken here in November. Among the many Caledonia citi zens who spent yesterday In Colum bus, were Messrs. C. V. Ussery, T. J. Smith, G. W. Myers, J. Y. Whitley and T. L. Dowdle. Mr. James M. Savage left the pa't week for a visit to San Antonia, Tex. He was accompanied as far as Mem phis by his mother, Mrs. H. M. Sav age. Mrs. 0. B. Sears, who has been spending the summer with her hus band In Missouri, has returned to take up her work at I. I. & 0. Mrs. Lyda Sykes' many friends are glad to welcome her home after an absence of several months. Mr. and Mrs. Ed Staub hive nam ed their little daughter Martha Vir ginia. Mrs. Harry Wood, of Starkville is visiting Mr3. J. W. Jone3. MICKIE SAYS tp -rweas.' out of -These JEST REMEMBER "fMt VOVJO.' SOLDIER SONS aOT SOME SPARE TM6 WHEN HE STS 'ROUND AND VrfONOERS S aOH' ON BACK HONE. NVVi DONfCHA SEND HVM THE OLO HOME PAPER NME DON.T CHARGE ANNTHNQ EXTRA.J T SEND It TO FRANCE fiinuuiiinni fflw s H. S. NICHOLS SHOT BY W. M. WARE Mr. Ware, Who mediately Gave Himself Up to Sheriff Williams In a difficulty which took place on the Ware plantation, about eight miles northeast of Columbus yesterday evening, Mr. W. M. Ware shot H.S.Nichols. According to statements shooting, his life having been threatened by Mr. Nichols, who.was armed and who was in the act of drawing his pistol when shot down. 1 The tragedy resulted from a dispute over business matters, Nichols, it is belonged to Ware and to which he had brought to Columbus to be stored. The two men had a heated conversation -over the telephone while Mr. Nichols, who rented land from Mr. Ware, was in Columbus, to fight. . Mr. Ware, who has a son navy, came to this county a number of jears ago frcm Kentucky, and has made numer ous friends, being generally recognized as an honorable, high-toned gentleman. Immedi ately after the shooting he came to Columbus ar.d gave himself up to Sheriff Williams. I Nichols had been living in months ago from Wisconsin. -- . : 1 ' MAER IS NAMED COUNTY DIRECTOR EDITOR OF COLUMBUS DIS PATCH T6 DIRECT GENERAL WAR WORK CAMPAIGN. , Hou. P. W. Maer has been nameJ as chairman for Lowndes county for the general war work campaign which is to be undertaken in Novem ber, (lie appointment Having b.eu made by former United States Sena tor LeRoy Percy, of Greenville, state chairman. Mr. Maer who in editnr of The Columbus Dispatch, ia well known throughout both Missianippl and Alabama, having served for four years as collector of the port of Monilo. Mr. Maer has selected the follow ing staff to assist him In the cam paign: Treasurer, A. B. Lawrence; director ot extension work, F. P. Phillips; director of advertising, V. B. lines; director of speakers, R. E. Johnston; director of colored speak ers, Torter Harris; director of wom an's work, Mrs. Z. P. Landrum. Dis trict chairman have been named as follows: District 1, Dr. E. W. Jami son; district 2, J. P. Woodward; dis trict 3, Pyof. B. G. Hull; district !, R. B. Hardy; district 5, Galus Buc'n. SMALL FIRE AT CAFE. Fire which broke out at about 1 o'clock Monday afternoon at Cirh's cafe on North Market street, caused damage amounting to about 1 $75, several hundred oyster Jpails and other stock having been burned. The fire made it appearance on the econd floor of the building, and its origin is a mystery. Miss Marie" Cady left Monday for f Houston, Texas, where she goes to j twuh ia Rust school, of rhich Prof. Richard Leigh, a former Columbian, is principal. ' IN DISPUTE OVER BUSINESS MATTERS Claims He Shot in made to officers, Mr. Ware was said, having refused to surrender receipts for cotton which and it is said that when Nichols ! who commands the battleship the county only a short time, He was about 3d years old and ' Jt-.?.rrr. COL. J. P. MAYO i IN NEW POSITION RESIGNS C0MM1S$10HSHIP TO i ACCEPT JOB AS vjfAl ERWAYS DISBURSING OFFICER. Col. John P. Mayo, a former prominent citizen of Columbus who for the p.ist four years has been commissioner of immigration at New Orleans, has tendered his resigna tion to accept a portion as disburs ing officer of the Mississippi-War rior Waterways Commission. Col. Mayo during his long resi dence was recognized as one of the city's most progressive, patriotic and public spirited citizens, and has ; numerous friends here who will be interested to learn that he has un-1 I'dertaken this new and exceedingly j I important work. LIEUT. HARDY PROMOTED Mr. and Mrs. R. B Hardy, of the prairie, have received a telegram from their wm, Lieut. Robert Hardy, stating that he had been promoted to first lieutenant. Lieut. Hardy entered the camp without previous military training less than one year ago. Lieut Hardy, who i3 now stationed at Columbia, S. C, having graduated as second lieutenant from the third officers' training camp at Ccmp Pike, Ark., four months ago, has made a fine record showing for himself a very quick promotion. The W. C. T. U. members are urged to attend an important meet ing to be held at the home of Mrs. John R. Laws, this afternoon at 5 o'clock. Is your vorA to Uncle Sara ... i ..... and Back the Bys! Make good yo ir War Savings pledge. Self Defense Im and almost instantly killed Mr. entirely justifiable in the went home he went prepared Truxton in the United States having come here a few was married. EXPRESS AGENTS ARE TRANSFERRED JOYNER GOES TO JACKSON, TENN., AND BROOME COMES HERE FROM MACON MISS. Mr. J. W. Joyner, who for a nui i ber of years past has been agent the Southern Express Company In this city, has been transferred to Jackson, Tenn., and Is to be succeed ed by Mr. James Broome, now agent at Macon, Mis. The rompauy, like all other similar corporations, Is under ledeial control, and the change wua maur by direction of government otflcialM. Mr. Joyner has made a most effi cient agent and deserves his pro motion. Mr. Broome, hiu successor. Is well and favorably known her", having served for sometime as cash ier of tho local office before being transferred Ut Macon. Miss Anna Barringer's .friends in Columbus will regret to hear that Bhe will not return to the I. I. & c. this winter but will be la Wash ington doing government work. Mrs. Will Ilamner and little daughter, Harriett, will leav tomor row for their home In Greenwood, after a lovely visit to Mrs. Hamner's mother, Mrs. A. T. Sale. Mrs. John Ethridge and children left Monday for Meridian, where they were met by Mr. Ethrldge, and they will leave this week for their homo In Jacksonville, Texas. Miss Reita Craddock left the past week for Lake Charles, Lo Mr;'. Craddock will join ber later and they will keep house ' there. Vr. G M. F!'n lft Mcdtiy tnw Washington. D. C, to attend the Lumber Convention. ORDER ISSUED BY STATE FOOD ADMINISTRATOR P. G. HARDING EFFECTIVE TONIGHT All Gins Must Stop at Mid night and Not Resume Op erations Until Sept. 28th. A presg dispatch sent out from Washington Tuesday states that the Federal government will soon fix the pi ice of cotton, and that the pvlre agreed upon is 25 cents per pound. witli a possible Increase to 28 cent later. The present market price of the staple Is 33 cents. For some time past pressure has been brought to bear on the govern ment to have the price of cotton fixed. Tho movement, however, was stubbornly opposed by Southern senators and congressmen, and it was thought for a while that this oppoHltion would prove effective: but the Western representatives be came too Insistent. They contended that as the government had fivnl the pile of wheat the same pollcv should be adopted with regard to cotton, and the government seems to have finally reached this conclusion WOMEN IHUXO THEIR P.HT. WASHINGTON, Sept. 18 Women by the thousands are responding to the appeal of employers to take the places of men entering the army and to fill new positions created by In dustrial expansion, according to the monthly review of the federal re serve board. From all parts of the country come reports that women are helnlnc in factories, offices, stores, warehouses, street tars and on the farms where harvesting creat ed an Immense demand for workers. The rate of increase of women's em ployment now Is much greater than two months ago. and some Indica tions are that in a few more month a number of men withdrawing for military service. The review aa made public today shows that women are spending more of their new earnings for clothing Retail dealers In alf cities where many women recently have left their homes to work elsewhere report booming buslneH!. This Is contrary to the policies of economy and self- denial urged by all government agencies as a war measure. Owing to recent government f'P ervision of employment agencies, Industries now report much morr stable labor conditions, but a con tinued excess of demand for more workers than can be supplNl. Many anticipate a shortage this monto with the return to school of thou ands of teachers and children whe have been working during the sum mer. AGED LADY DIES. Death came suddenly yesterday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock to Mrs. Alice Mims, of Tampa,Fla., who was her visiting her daughter. Mrs. S. J. -McConnell, on College and -Ninth streets. Mrs. Mims was taken ill late Tuesday night an I gradually grew worse until the end came. Mrs. Mims, who vaa i t.obie Christian woman, was known by many people in this county who join the Commerciarin extending sympa thy to her two daughter and one son. The funeral will probably be held at Crawford today. TOM EVAXS PWMtTEl. The many friends of First Lieut. Tom Evans, son of Mr. fnd Mrs. W. Q. Evans, of the prairie, join the Commercial in extending congratula tions to him upon being promoter, to a captaincy. Captain Evau? for some time past has been Katlonel at Camp Travis, Texas, but he win probably be transferred to some other camp at an early date. Prof T F. McBeath has received a messase from his son, Mr. Thomas McBeath. stating that he has be-n promoted to sargeant first class. Sar geant McBeath is now stationed at Carothers Field, near Fort Worth, Tex. Mrs.' 0. M. Cox and Mr. E. P. Y"S'.22P3 !?8v wek for Louis ville, Kentucky, to visit F.sv. and Mrs. Dunbar Ogden. DIRECTED TOWARDS HUN POSITIONS NORTHWEST OF ST. QUENTiN METZ THREATENED Americans Make Appreciable Advance and Gain New. J Strategic Positions. With the Allied Forces in France, Sept. 18. With the Americans smashing forward south of M?tz, the French ad vancing north of the Aisne river, and the allied forces plunging ahead on the Balkan front, the British struck a brand new blow northwest of St. Quentin today. The new British assault fol lowed a successful blow on Tuesday which put Holnon village in their possession. Holnon is only two and a half miles from St. Quentin. The Americans have taken and passed Vcndieres on the Moselle and were almost in Pagny-sur-Moselle at last re ports. Pagny-sur-Moselle is about 10 miles southwest of the great German fortress of Metz, but is much closer to the double chain of defensive works surrounding the city. The French after a series of brilliant attacks have now gained a foothold on the western end of the Chemin-des-dames, the road which lies upon the strategic line of hills just north of the Aisne river. ' KH.rrUML HOPES" IN TWO (.RAVES Montlcello, Miss., Sept. 18. Two graves, purporting to contain the po litical hopes of Governor Theodore Bilbo and Senator Vardamaa, were found on the court house square Sun iiay atorniug. The following in scriptions were placed at the head of these graves: "At Rest" over that of Governor Bilbo, and "Mr. Too, Uiliie" over that of Senator Vardaman. The funeral party was composed , of unidentified persons. The many friends of Captain John R. Dlnsrnore (Personnel Officer) of the 3I"th Infantry, 87th Div., will be Interested in knowing that he luu landed safely over sea. Captain Dinsmore was practicing law in Ma con when diplomatic relation with Germany were severed. He attend ed the first Officers Training camp at Ixigun H. Roots and was comuils--doncd as Captain there. Later he was promoted to Personnel Officer. Mrs. Dlnsrnore who is pleas tntly re membered here as Miss Avery, a graduate of 1917 class of I. 1. & C, will reside in Memphis with her mo ther during the absence of the cap tain. PAULINE FREDRICK AND 'AL LIED WAR REVIEW AT THE PRINCESS TODAY. The attraction at tEe Princess for today is an exceedingly strong pro gram. Pauline Fredrick, in "The Final Reckoning" is the feature at traction, it is a big powerful mod ern drama, the kind best suited to the art of Miss Fredrick. , Also as an added feature, the Princess will offer every Thursday in addition to the regular program, 'The Allied War Review." . These are official Government pictures, and are genuine authentic scenes of the Allied Governments. One of these War Pitures will be shown every Thursday. The program for to-day should prove a hie attraction.and no doubt large crowds will he in attendance. j Admission is 10 and 15 cents.