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The primitive Republican. (Columbus, Miss.) 18??-1852, September 18, 1851, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065038/1851-09-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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p. 0. BALDWIN,
OLD SERIES, VOL. IX
. Ij published wJ Ttedaf I,'or31E2-
OfriCE on the South East corner of Main and St.
John Srtttt. immediately above tht Grocery Start
of Thomas If- H'tltiaf-
TERMS:
Tmukb P".labs r y''ar i"vnrinbly in advance
-....t)iiii' Tow n subscribers, who will bechsirg
,.,1 J.I "ill when payment is delayed six months,
and Oil il not pain mini me cnu 01 wie year
RATF.S OF ADVERTISING.
One Dollar a square for first insertion ; and 50
G'lits a s.iiiare for each continuance. Tun lines
or li-it continue h square.
Thokkssionai, Cards a year $10 00.
For les time 1 '." per month.
Professional Card published & paper furnish
e 1 on" war at Jl'J 00.
OninrARY NVriCFS exceeding 15 lines char".
e,l at thi? discretion of the I nbnsher,
Advuk -risKXKN rs for the year contracted for
at a liberal discount.
All communications addressed to the Editor
must be postpaid, in order to insure attention.
job printing
Of all kinds Neatly and Promptly executed
BLANKS
For Sheritr, Magistrates, Constables, Clerks
he. furnished at shortest notice, from SI 25 to
91 01) a quire according to quality.
SOCIETIES IN LOWNDES COUNTY.
MASOMC.
Coli'mbvs Lodge, No. 5.
S. S. Franklin. W. M. N. E. Goodwin, Sec'y
Meet at Columbus, on the 1st Friday of each
month.
Lowndes Lodge, No. 114.
A. W. Lampkin, W. M. O. T. Keeler, Scc'y
Meets at Columbus, on the 3rd Friday of each
month.
Dabney Lipscomh Lodge. 144.
Scort Thompson, W. M. Richardson, Sec'y.
Meets at Cra wfordsville, on the 3rd Saturday
of each month.
CoLfiiars R. A. Chapter, No. 4.
C. H. Abert, II. P. N. E. Goodwin, Sec'y.
Meets ut Columbus, on the 1st Monday after
1st Friday of each month.
I. . O. F.
Covenant Lodge, No. 20.
Wm. Spillman, N. G.; Josiah Stalling, Sec'y
-Meet at Columbus, every Saturday night.
McKenprek Lodge, No. 32.
E. C. Kgglcston, N. G.: John A. Timberlake,
Sec. Meets at Columbus every Monday night.
FiiiKNnsiiir Lodge. No. 3S.
M. K. Cleim. N. C.; W. Dowsing, Sr., Sec'y.
Meets at liarton, every Friday night.
Tomhighy Encampment, No. 6.
Thomas II. Williams, C. P.: John K. Peirce
Scribe. Meets at Columbus, on the 1st and 3rd
Tuesdays of each month.
S. OP T.
Coi.jmmis Division No. 0, Sons of Temper
ante. The Mated meetings of tins Division, are
liel.l at Temperance Hall I't Columbiis, every
Tuesday eveiiint at 7 o'clock.
II E A It V , STOI) DART 4- CO,
WIIOU'SALE i RETAIL DEALERS IS
I! O T S A X I SHOES,
('trnrr (':, t! (inl Watrr St., Mohilr, Ahl.
Jno. Hkmiv, Alex. Stoddart,
J. W, I'li i.D, James Tait.
We would respectfully call the attention of
Planters. Traders and citizens cjenerally, to our
Very K.rttnxive Stork of the above articles,
which h ive been selected with the greatest care
as regards material and workmanship, especially
for this market.
We are at all times prepared to fiirni.-h to the
Trade, every style of Goods in our line, at satis
factory prices, and would respectfully solicit or
ders. Oct. 3rd, 1850. 121 6m. -
HENRY & CO.,
I iiinnrr-r a ml Dfalrrs in Foreign an Do-
uiCNtic Dry Coeds.
Comer Conti and Water Streets, MOBILE.
Are constantly receiving by Foreign Airivals
and from the best manufacturers in the country,
New and Reasonable GOODS adapted to the
Southern trade, to which they invite the attention
of Wholesale ami Ixttail 1'urch.asert.
PLANTATION (i O O I) S ,
In great variety : Blankets, Kerseys, Linseys,
Osnabtirgs, Urown Shirtings Sheetings, Bleach
ed do, Striped Domestics, Denims, Cottonades,
Tweedes, Kentucky Jeans, aattinets, Bed lick
ings, Checks, &c.
oviy ruiti: oxl,y.
Oct. 3, 1S30. 24 Cm. .
EMIRE NEW STOCK.
'PHE undersigned re- f OR YOOOD3
JLspectfully invite the L . 'Si '
citizens of Columbus and the surrounding coun
try to their large and handsome stock of Goods,
just receired and now opening ; consisting o.
Fancy and Staple Dry Goods ofevery style and
variety : CltUhinfr, Hats, Cant, Boots and Shoes,
comprising all the new styles, for Ladies, Gen
lie men and Children : Hardware, NaiU. Iron,
Castings, 11 eedinif Hots, Trace Chains (re, Sad
dles. Bridles. Martingales ifc. Crotkery, Glass
Wood and Willow Ware, and all other articles
usually krpt in their line.
In addition to which we have just received
LARGE AND DESIRABLE STYLES OF
UPEIKG GOODS,'
consisting of Grenadines Tissues. Columbians. Ori.
entals. Balzarinet. French. Jaconets, Bareges, Ah
bouni Checks, Plaid Silk Tissues, Organdies, Eng
lish and French Prints, Printed iJawn, French
Muslins, Bayudire, Embroided Muslins, ice. (cc.
ALSO We expect soon to receive some 3000
pair of RUSSETS and we invito our friends to
call and examine.
All of which we will sell on as goods terms
(cither for cash or on usual time) as can be
bought of nnv good house in the city of Mobile
COZAUT. HUMPHRIES, & BILLUPS.
Feb'y. i7, 1S51. . 45-1 y. ,,, V( .
D. ALLE.V
- - ( J. O. BAJ
' Tuscalo
BANKS,
MM
aioosa.
ALLE.V
BANKS,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
I MOBILE, ALA. :
Liberal advances will be rr.a.Ij on Cotton con
igned to their care.
Aprd 1S51.. 4tf.
Carriage Trlramla-s,
' , ' Axrlt, &c. ''
O RS'onmeni ot article m the above line
JL business will bo constat! i,
2
1 low for cU or no j ; er bv "" .
NO. 42:
SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT OF THE
LOWNDES COUNTY, MISS.
To the noni" Board of 'Police of Lowndes
vuuaty. . .. - -
The undersigned Treasurer of said coun
ty would respectfully tender to your honor
able body this as his semi-annual Report,
ot all monies received by him and all that
ho has paid out, since his last Report, on the
Jutu March last, and also all that is due
the county and as near- as I can ascertain
the amount of her indebtedness.
AMOUNT RECEIVED.
1851. DR.
March 25, To cash received of A. E. Love,
clerk, Jury tax,
do To cash receiv'd of J 31
Wynne, Jury Tax,
May '26, To cash retv'd of J. M.
Wynne, Tax collected for special
and couuty tax, , , , .
$1G5 25
273 00
7513 .29
7981 54
AMOUNT PAID OUT:
1851. DR.
March 12, By amount due Treasurer last
Report,
$2G 95
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J M Wynne R Oof election
4 00
2 00
2 00
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W B Kolb. clerk do
AT Moore, do
F L Dowsing do
JMWyneRO do
W E Vaughn clerk do
J Hacklcman do do
J II Wcstbrook RO do
W A Morse R O do
S Witherspoon clerk dq
Geo 13 Watts clerk of do
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W F Tunnell
A II Thomas
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J J Farnandis "
II J Belton
W II Hargrove"
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2 00
10 00
I)r D Q MeMichael post mortum
examination
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J J Holbert
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J J Gaston
J C Cox Jr
M M Fcamstcr
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W II Kceton "
G M Barksdalc "
J Cox, "
B II Cox R O
S S Franklin "
Jos Fcnnett "
Jas Kacklcman "
J A Harvey RO
J S Holbert
J J Taylor
J M Holbert "
J W Harris
B Gray R 0
JRTribbcll "
11 II Snell R O
J A Snell
J F Eckf.-rd "
J R Morris,
J A Snell
R 1) Hadon
B Robiuson "
A T Morse "
J E Montgomery '
D Ellis "
G T Hill
X. J Gilmer "
Daniel Ellis "
E Strong "
Wm. Holbert "
J W l'owcll
J R Russell
J C Cox Sr. "
R D lladen "
T E Cannon "
J S Lauderdale "
J L Kelly
A Copebuid "
Wm McCarthy "
C B Kceton "
K II Watts RO"
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B C Warren
Jno R Eggar
J M L Smith
J II Curtis,
J M Dixon
A J Cox
C II Abert
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J A Stone RO "
E P Odencal overseer poor
B Barry over assessment,
R Blakely repairs on jail
O T Keelecr Book for clerk
10 48
13 13
Wm Henderson keeping pauper 36 00
B F Bcckwith m b Police 21 00
Wm Taggot over assessment, . 1 35
3Ioses Jordan M B Police 24 00
E P Odencal " " 21 00
31 Jordan for Pauper 15 00
B Catley 2 GO
31 oses Jordan for Pauper 40 00
31 art ha Roberts " 5 00
R Robertson assessment book 16 61
Daniel Williams Services 33 33
S Woodfin witness vs slave 5 64
II R Owen Inquest as coroner, 10 00
Danl Williams Recording Book 25 50
' Ex-officio .15 00
" 4 assessment books 28 00
Stephen Stanley care of Son 25 00
A G Weir M B Police .1 21 OO
31 Jordan for Pauper . . 35 00
Danl Williams per Diem . 24 00
B F. Beckwi th M B Police . 24 00
J J Gaston overseer poor , .v 15 00
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A G Weir per diem mem bd pi ,; 9 00
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B F Bcckwith do do
9 00
E P Odencal . do do
9 00
10 00
do II R Owen inquest, r, .1
do John Hutchings clerk election
do W W Humphries , " . do
do . B A Vaughan do . ,
do A B Brownlee over assessment
do II II Dailey clerk of election
do J , A Dailey ret officer . : do
do A Belton clerk of election
do A L Crouch " do .
do John Lewis ret offi - do
do W T? Kolb clerk do.
; 4 00
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COLUMBUS, MISSISSIPPI, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 18,-1851.
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B II Cox " do
F S Randall ret oCi do
J S Lauderdalo " do
4 00
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And Dowdle - '
J R Tribblc clerk
J Robinson "
F M Crain '
EM Fant "
WSCox
Richard Wood "
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J O Suddoth
A D Suddoth
A J Cox -;
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T B Winston
Jerry Moore
A Mayo
II B Wakefield
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J S Holbert man
Win Taggot tl
J T Council' "
ThosKylc " '
J A 'Snell " ,
J 35 Mocre clerk .
J F Gardner man
Howell Adams "
J S Bryant "
W NNash clerk
II T Belton "
2 00
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Nelson Goolsby ma do
A 1) Kyle clerk , do
P II Jones man do
F G oolsby clerk - do
P II Jones man do
R II Snell ret offi do
J W Chandler elk do
B Swearingcn ret of do
Eli Abbot man do
Jas Swearingcn elk do
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Mat Minims " do.
J II Curtis man do
J S Belton clerk do
J J Toland man do
A D Suddoth clerk . do, ;
It C Gee manager do :
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do - J F Carr clerk of election
do J S Lauderdale , do
lo L L Lincecum man do
lo A Belton return offi election
do J S Belton clerk do
do F W Webb do do
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do J K Portwood mana do
do G 31 Barksdalc do" do
do J A Dailcv ret officer do
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do , W W Humphries man do
do E B Iloskins manager do
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W BKolb clerk do
Lewis Harris manager do
E B Iloskins do do
Lewis Harriss do do
N F Scales do do
II T Belton clerk do
W G Gerdine ret offi do
John Lewis do do do
J E Harvey clerk do
B A Yaughan clcjk do
Jas Riley manager do
31 3Iimms do do
J E Kolb, clerk do
Jos Fennctt manager do
A II Thomas do do
J K Portwood clerk do
G 31 Barksdalc re offi do
J Harvey return offi do
- F Webb manager do
J F Carr clerk do
J A Curtis do do .
A S Dismukes man do
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J S Lauderdale ret offi do
A Dowdle clerk do
II B Wakefield clerk do
J W Davis do do
J E Harvey do do
J II Curtis man . do
W C Worrell repairs on jail
J E 3Iontgomery pauper
W A Smith witness State
W Watson do do slave
E P Odencal board police.
O T Keclcr green bcraze
J T Connell holding inquest
Geo E Lj-on as constable
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24 00
G 00
12 00
2 00
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10 00
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do E C Eggleston blankets for jail
do 31 rs 31 Roberts support child
do J S Lauderdale manager election 2 00
do W T Woodfin inquest 10 00
do J A Sanford cost - 6 00
do A G Weir pr diem mem bd pol 24 00
do . Dan Williams record T report 6 00
do ; J 31 Wynne Sheriff pr diem 32 00
do A JEdmondson maps for county 10 00
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A E Love clerk for cx-officio ' 50 00
Mary Williams support 15 00
J A Snell for .Mary Williams 15 00
Taxes on Poor House ; 2 16
J Norman over assessment , 4 20
R Robertson assessing 1850 387' 23
31r Roberts support child ; 5 00
D C Richards books &c 84 97
Dan Williams extra services 29 45
A G Weir overseer poor '51 25 00
J 31 Wynne sheriff ex-officio 50 00
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do R Robertson census child & cot 50 00
do J II Borders by order board , 400 00
do.
N E Goodwin per diem 127 00
F G Baldwin printing T report 18 50
II II Worthington do 4 40
Dan Williams for grjury &o 20 0Q
J 31 Wynne ex-officio &c 150 00
Dan Williams ex-officio pr diem - 59 00
John II Borders cost returned 118 75
W II Lock support pauper 15 00
J S Cook as constable 2 00
N E Goodwin per diem , 47 00
John II Borders cost returned 400 00
Dan Williams per diem ' 39 00
T A Alexauder prosecuting slave 46 58
E C Eggleston keeping prisoner' 13 50
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George Thomas support pauper 21 00
Gray & Jones food for Pauper
E C Eggleston guarding jail v
J 31 Wyun ex-officio per diem
Dan Williams per diem ,
George Thomas for pauper ' "
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21 00
150 00
9 00
18 00
do C Pope for support '
do Dan Williams ex-officio
do: Dan Givens for panper
15 00
50 00
25 00
10 00
do J K Pierce for holding inquest
do Stephen Sturdy for pauper ,
- 25 00
286 30
10 00
do J31 Wynn commisaion
do J K Pierce iuquest .
do , Chapman & Smith printiug
do II R Owen inquest .
do Dan Williams the assess't book
do Sam Ilosmer trar.scrip
do E Strong tinberoJ rf land
15,00
10 00
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A S Humrhries
A Reedy
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teisrated, when Truth is left free to coabat
do Thos Bell do do ' 31 21
do John S Topp do do 43 80
do W A Short do do . : .. 42" 00
do E A Earvin do . do 12 00
do H Hastings do do . " 14 50
do J 31 31 organ do do . 6 75
do 'J V Harris do do 23 00
do DTurnipseed do do 11 50
do A V Brown do do 23 50
do E Strong , do do . 9 50
do PWGCock do do - 16 37
do W Banks " do do ' i 20 25
do W Brooks do do '1300
do JBGresham do do 15 00
do DrGrcsham, do do . 5 80
do Thos Brooks do do 10 00
do A & W 3Iotley do 6 00
do JTConncll do do 66 60
do D Turnipseed do do 12 00
do .W Whitfield do . do 26 25
do C3IcLareu do do 89 41
do A Reedy do do 9 89
do J W Powell do do ; 42 00
do i . Mary Brownrigg do 7 76
do J B Russell do . do 9 00
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W Gerdine do do 16 40
J D Riland do do 50 00
A &W Motley do " 29 80
D Dobbins do do 1 77
S Pool do do 5 50
C Perkins do do 13 85
TCBillups do do 99 50
II Stephens do do 25 00
W R Smith making road 300 00
A T 3Iorso timber off land 100 00
R S Jones do ' do f 12 06
R F Cook do do 2 50
Jamison & Hill do 12 22
B F Cook do do ,10 32
Jas Saunders do do 5 50
Wm Covington building bridge 450 00
II Stephen do do 50 00
Wm Covington . do 50.00
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J J Fernandis do
Wm Covington do
A T 3Iorse do
31 R Glenn ' do
J B Kceton Jury certificate
J A Clayton do
R C Moore do
Wm Lamb do
John W Peters do
Allen Parker - do
G II Tonilinson do
J K Ottley do
W J Fretweli do
Nelson G"isby do
Wm Taggot do
R 3Ieltou do
J Hearn do
G II Yaughan do
E Dowsing do
James Sykcs do
J S Lull do
E B Locke do
Richard Wood do
Jesse Prince Jury certificate
150 00
100 00
100 00
200 00
1 50
3 00
18 00
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9 00!
1 50
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3 00
3 00
4 30
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6 00
3 00
4 50
1 50
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B Graves -
John Overall
JCW'illctt
R A Timberlake
Aaron Collins - ;
L Gasion
John (r Stephens
W P Kceton
Dan Gilmer
Joseph W Edwards
T Hill
Jesse I'rince
Aaroa v ollins
W C Worrell
J A Glover
B A Vaughan
E Robertson
E Sherman
Thomas Kyle
R G nell
J T Gaston
A B Jones
Jesse Caldweil
J Beaty
W E Bradley
E B Locke
Amos Acker
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do
oo Z
00 do
00: io
00 il
00:do
00: do
00 I do
00;j
00!
00! do
00 1 do
00;
oo t
00; do
50 do
3 00
4
3 00 i
3 95 j
G5
02jS
02 do
do' A Leech
do Jasper Moore
do J 11 Brazier
do Sohn M Margon
do Jesse Prince
do G W G Saunders
do J G Thompson
do Alexauder Rabb
do Charles Ward
do A C Weir
do W C Miinins
do J M Arnold
do D C Richards
do Thomas B Winston
do B G Hendricks
do R H "nell
do Perry Mullen
do A M Wallace
do B Gray
do R tkaggs "
1
6
1
i
5
4 50
3 00
1 50
3 90
do J I Alionl
do Perry Mullen
do John F Carr
do J S Chandler
do D C Richards
do S G Wells
5 10
1 50
10 80
1 50
, 1 50
4 50
4 50
7 50
1 50
10 50
1 50
7 50
1 50
4 50
3 00
1 50
1 50
I 50
3 65
4 00
I 50
' 1 50
3 00
12 00
1 50
4 50
1 50
do J M Kirk
do B Gray
do W Harrington
do "Jesse Prince
do John Cheek
do R D Hayden
do
do
do
L A Merchant
W C Jennings
Jas Melton
Wiley Buck
A Thomas
E B Hoskins ,
J W Fields
George Vaughan
po
do
do
do
do
do
do
C Perkins manager of election
J G Harper jury certificate
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
Wiley Buck
A Belton.
D Baldwin
IV Rogers
O H Grinnell
J N Moore
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do"
do.
do
do
do
do -
do
.do
. do
do
do
.do
do '
do
do
riO
do
do
' do
do
do
y
d.
do
do .
do
t 1
(10
J V
i 1
. J
George Frazee
M Belk
1 50
, -1 50
do
do
J M Witherspoon
Thomas, Kyle- '
A Belton : - -A
Curtis s " . '
E B Mason ' ' ' "
W T Barry t.
A Belton
J Malory
J W Ward
J N Spears
J R Garyin
James Weeden ,
1 50
1 50
" 1 50
' 1 50
do
do
do
9 00
3 00
" 1 50
"6 00
00
6 00
6 00
10 00
7 02
' 9"0O
1 50
7 50
1 50
4 50
1 50
3 00
1-50
6 00
9 "00
C 00
o 00
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do J A McReynold3
do ;R Weod
do William Mack
do E A Hill
do ' James Bryant
do' O H Millican
do A M Mayo
do x O H Grinnell
do , N . Kartee
do L W Laws "
0J
00
75
do II L Bailey
do
II N Lawrence
00
C3
do
do
W h Taylor
Issaao Darter
J WNash
J :i Arnold
E ii liarlintsi
A M Pre.,
D Cu-ibe.!
'm A d' c ,
: :i Ar.-: ;
7 5a
15 00
OOjo
58!
do
do
:
' To
it."-
do
B J Garvin r
G B Tucker
M Bell
D H Harrington
J M Wood
F L Dowsing
B F Townsend '
W A Caldwell
James pikes 1
F A Alexander
John Scurlock
S Sampson . '
W II Lock
E A Hill
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
, do
do.
do
do
do
10
do
do.
do
do
do
do
.7 501
3 00
3 00
' ' 6 00
7 50
fl 00
9 60
4 50
10 50
3 30
S 1
1 CO
10 62
4 50
10 20
4 50
3 00
1 50
1 50
3 00
16 00
13 00
.r 6 16
f 6 00
40 00
23 25
2 00
20 00
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do
do ,Wm R Thompson
do George W Saunders
do J G Mephens
do M Belk
do - A A Kerr
do G H Lipscomb
do
do '-" E Robertson support of pauper
ao j pun K jfierce Jury Inquest
do A fiell jury certificate
do ' O II Millican do ;
do - J W Adams for Bridge
do . Lease on Court House and Jail
do W'E Gibbs clerk of election -
do
do
do
do
do
do
E':Q Eggleaton Jail expenses
John A landlord a Constable
John Overall jury certificate
Mary Williams pauper
Wm Henderson support of pauper
W II Lock do do
commissions on $7,931 54 at 3 pr ct
2 00
. 6 00
15 00
36 00
30 00
23944
do
Total :::::::
To amount received ;
do expended"
$7,S37 09
$7,981 54
-7,827 09
Balance m Treasury. -154 45
Amount due the county: .
One note vs. estate of A VWinter
due 1st January 1849 $286 00
One note on B S Long and others
due 1st Jan '50. Int from date
One note on W II Craven & P B
Wade dee'd due 10th May '48
One on do do due 10th 3Iay '49
Oneon do do due 10th 31ay '50
117 00
466 67
466 G6
466 67
$1803 00
The amount of the indebtedness
of the county as near as can be as
certained, is as follows: '
Ani't due E Abbott on Poorhouse
about $700 OO
, lu't of outstanding warrants near 1500
1
' - - "82200
The above amount of indebtedness docs!
j not include the allowances made afc-tbe rr
out term of tho court. The taxes assessed
lan, levied for the ensuimr vear. will be the
"b is;ini, !i 1 hl'wt vr:ir which uiin'iviif 1 :i $7000
i sani'": as tnt
Oo i ,,r th. rin the ti1vv nnmaiik if 'iiir'h-.I.-.nsJ
98hv oxnended . tn.-iv he sufficient' to defrav the
I 'J - .
i exnotiscs of thecouutv. In enumerating the
exntnses of the county, the expenses for hold
' 1 . i . . X. 1
ing elections and jury tax is not enumerated;
and the jury tax which will be collected at
th-' present term f the Court, will not be
-uffieif n' t pay jurrs for the present term.
The sib; vi' and" foregoing is a correct account
of all moneys received and expended by me
and the indebtedness of the county all of!
j which is respect Sully submitted.
E. B. GASTON,
Count Tr in surer.
Inquiries are frequently made in regard to
j (lie school funds appropriated by theLegisla'
to the different counties. There was
SO .some lniermamy nr-i-ue Assessor s rviuru,
r v. " 1 . ' -i
4 50 1 last vear, and in cuisequenceof that themon
3 00 1 ov ha3 not vet been distributed. You should
7 50 1 u,;c 's nV m y Kr ri presentativesatthe next
6 oo ! sitting of the Legislature to have. this matter
4 50 1 attended to," as the money is ready for the
J HI diffireut counties.
5 cc i To the Honorable Board of Police, and thro'
1 50 1 rroTt tin tTA rif-?7pr3 nf Lnxtmdps rnnntv. :
This bring my last, report, as my term of
'fficc will 4iori.lv expire, I beg leave to re-
10 SO j urn my sincere thanks to your honors, for
10 oo't'il!'rnn,;ca",'e l,lnncr u which we have trans
g &4 : acted the bumess of the county; and I feel
4 .W grt'itied that we have given general satisfac
1 50 ! ti n. ' To the citizens generally for the
gJ l eouiidence conferred on me from time to time
3 j) j I return my sincere thanks aud have only to
1 5ojs:'.y that I have at all times endeavored so
6 00 ! to diseharge the duties of this office in accord
" fiance with the law. I am now before you for
4 98 1 a different office; it is with you to say at the
l 50 j N ovember election, whether I will suit you or
7 'r,e;uot. . - .. .
50:
00 j
50!
50 ;
90 i
1. UUty IVVIIUUJj
E. B. GASTON.
-in. oxAw. cuxi, , To.wit
c Lowwfes County. ) ; ;
lliJj. toregoing account was this clay ex-;.,ortu continue. the agitation of this subject,
amined, corrected, allowed, and ordered to: the South will secede no mistake about it.
be filed, and five hundred copies to be printed, j It is now a struggle between two parties at
A G. WEIR, Pres. &c.
Columbus, Sept 9th, '51.
A The State of
i" 3IISSISSIPPI, )
des County. )
. j - ... . Low ml
I, Daniel Williams, Clerk of the Pro
bate Court and Ex-Officio Clerk of the Police
Court, do hereby certify that the forgoing
report has been duly recorded in the Treasu
rer's Docket. ' ' . - "'.;":'' ' . ,
ttf in testimony 01 iWmcn i nere-
, DANIEL WILLIAMS, Cl'k
Those marked thus () are in suit, r
y ' From , the Farmer's Cabinet. '
PllATTVILLK, ALA Aug. 81851.
E(h'(or of the Farnierrs Cabinet ? -" '
;' Gentlemen : Froni my earliest recollec
tion I have been a reader of your papers- It
was a welcome visit or whilst under my paren-
AfffliSa bv set mv hand and affix the scat buity lies with the Nor
Ai;? of said ; Court this 11th day of they be reckless?- will tl
"iiSiS September, A.D. 1S51. " ? own interest .' will they
' v x
tai root, ana sinau nas remintieu me oi some
of my happiest tliys those of my childhood.
Providence has, as you are aware, east my lot
in a land wHere ''society . and the domestic
institutions differ somewhat from .yours, . yet
I find as, ni.tfty warm-hearted ch ristiahs and
frienils.a3 in any country where I am acquaia-
:;: My iVjeet in writing' you. this letter is to
say a few w l oo iJ;e subject of i-'avery. "I
discover ? i vf late have tal. . inactive
part in t'l. :'md Imnst th,..!v you lire
mistakt'u !; "f views.': ', I presnrae.-ther'?
are, but -f.!v rsons; who have had a letter ll
chance toin ,-. themselves in, this motttrjr
than myself.; lly. business has made in. ;.e-!f
. , ....... ,
quaintea with nearly all ot the cot a. safari
and ric?-gr win county, ', 1 "1
among f our lirgv-t as1 1p -'I;Ir'
I have had opiv.irtntiities t 1 : ":'d
4 50
1 50
22 not only v, t . i
j negroi
it ion r.
bit
and over thirty where It does, and the result
of my observation is, tiat there h no situa-'
tion in which our negroes could bo placed
that they would be as well off and as happy
as in the one which ttey occupy, and I will
say lurther that it is my opinion no country
in the world can prod ice so large a class of
laboring people, who arc as happy and as well
provided for. :
I have, after carefully examining the sub
ject in nil its hearings tome to the conclusion
that Atncan slavery in rsorth America has
been a greater blessing to the human family
than any other institurion except the Chris
tian religion. - This remark will no doubt
surprise you, but I think if you will examine
the subject carefully and m'fhovt prejudice,
you will be convinced that 1 am not tar wrong.
I have space only to name the different points
or bearings and leave it tot you to investigate,
How happened slavery to.be introduced
into North America? Was it mere' chance,
ortdid the Great Creator of all things so or
der it? I think the latter. If so, was it not
for some great purpose', and what was that
purpose : I answer to ameliorate the human
family, to make them more happy and
prepare them for a greater amount of use
fulness. Every person who is familiar with
the, condition of the African race in their
own country know that they are.perhaps the
raost'degraded beings on the face of the earth.
Ignorant, indolent and savage, they are' little
above the brute creation, and so situated as
to have but littlo chance of their condition
being .materially improved , at present. If
this is the fact, has not the situation of those
who have been transported to this "country
as slaves been bettered ? Here they are well
led and clothed, taught industry and economy
agriculture and the mechanic arts, and the
Christian religion. They are taken care of
when sick, and in old age provided for. Here
I will leave you to reflect, and compare their
present with their past condition.
Now I will try to show that the condition
of millions of the white population of the
world have been benefitted by this institution
OOiHow many cotton factories would have been
1 in operation in the United States had not
OoHbe negro made 'the cotton? I answer not
"re probably than to clothe those who are
now employed in them. How many in En
gland and the balkmee of the world .' I think
not cno forth of what now arc in operation
Allowing this to be 'so, what would have
been the condition of Old and New England?
i Would they have been checked with rail-
' ,
roao
Would there have been a village at
- 1 every water-fall and coal-bed? Would the
fr,..U . t...l U. 1 ' It P A I
people, as a whole, have been as well fed and
clothed; n ould ow commerce have exten
ded over the whole world ? Would steamships
and other vessels have floated on every river
j and ocean? Would the laboring class have
been blessed with the luxugy of rice, sugar
and molasses? Would the telegraph wires
Lave extended trom city to city, State to State,
and nation to nation ? -3Iy answer to all these
questions isjjhey would not.., It is the peace
and prosperit)' cf the country that has done
it. What has given peace and prosperity
to the most of civilized nations? Is it not the
agricultural products of the country ? From
the production of cotton, sugar and rice mill
ions of peoplc have been employed, fed and
clothed,? ; Wo have had but few idlers, paupers
and beggars to create wars. Our cotton mills
and other manufactories which have been
built up have been the primary cause of
most of our internal improvements. Had
not slavery existed, millions of acres of our
most productive lands would be lying waste.
The climate and location is snch that it could
not have been cultivated by white persons.
The negro is peculiarly flitted for such lands
aud climate; the vertical sun and miasma of
the low grounds, so poisonous to the whites,
seem not to affect the health of the negro.
Africans would never have been brought
into this country but to make slaves of them,
for no one would have employed them but as
slaves ; they would therefore now be in Africa
in a miserable condition, our rich lands lying
waste, uud the. condition, of. the -world no
better than it was a century ago.
Now if these things are as I have stated,
would it not be folly uud madness to break
up our happy government on account of
. Ati lean slavery I And permit me to say that
thf slveh.ililiir 5st:ite urn nrrnr nn ; -iv:if
.ia very -..Hiill weight will
; whichever side it is thr.
on
the
the ftouta wneuitr the isoutu shall now se
cede or wait a little longer. The waiting
party are now in the majority, but 'one act
of the North will unite thorn. If the North
will sustaiu the Constitution of the United
- States,andletourdoiuesticinstitutiousdon
both parties will unit? and live peaceably and
friendly in the great family 'of States: if not,
both parties will units as oue man at the
South, and secede from the North; and I
will ask who would be the greatest suffer
ers? Now I affirm that the whole respor.si-
thern States. ill
icy not consider their
-not consider'Our in
terest? will they not consider the interest
of all nations and people on this globe ? for
I look upon this' Nation in some degree as
holding the, destiny of all-others.- If we
unite and continue as bne government, we
shall be tho most powerful cation on earth;
if we divide, we may bofeme the wakest.
.These are a few thought.;, Messrs. Editors,
which I felt ansiou3 to uommunieate to you,
a3 I do feel a deep inUrst;on this subject,
and it does seem to ma'i that - "should 'the en
lightened people at the 2f firth by .aside preju
dice and investigate thii "matter as they are
capable cf doing, they will ? at ecce halt io
their mad career. "-;'.-"; "';'
Tf you have no objection please insert this
in -the' Cabliitt. Xli you think toy; position
is wrong on' any point; let iuc.kuow,and-I
will try to clear ifc up to your satisfaction.
... v,..; . ... ,". ti,v - , - ' -
. ' DANIEL PRATT.
"iLLAN'dHOLY SiciiT.-Pr, Reid, a 'travol
throagfi'the' L. llinus" of "Perurf:u:td
:c-ly in the "desert of Atataaal'the dried
rii.i:.:: of an assetoolage; of human beings,
-is .inured in cumber," men, women
, tUdn.a seated in a semi-circle as when
v , and tstari' i irto the I vr..'n waste be
'i: '3 1 .1 not 'ui buried; life
:d.; .rt Jbf K-rh yth ss.t around;
I
invaders
ig left, th-y
Mill si: i -.,-.
dried Eke
Editor &. Proprietor.
NEW SERIES, VOL. 2 NO 25.
still keep theirposition,sittingupa9 in solemn
council, while over that dreadful Areopagus
silence broods everlastingly.
For the Primitive Republicau.
The Xlohile and Ohio Railroad.
A few words to the citizens of Coltabsi
Not long since I invited the attention of
the people of eastern Mississippi, to a some
what elaborate article, setting forth the lead
ing features of this great railroad enterprise.
The political excitement which was then
raging with such intensity has been succeed
ed by a grateful calm, and it is thought that
the time is favorable to obtain a patient hear
ing upon so interesting a theme as the one at
the head of this communication. In my for
mer article I considered the general baritig
of the great subject; in this, it is rny design
to localise. I wish more particularly to ex
amine the probable effects of the completion
of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, upon tho
town of Columbus. To the citizens cf thii
enterprising town this question is by no means
a new one. Many of you have bestowed
much thought upon it, and most of you, per
haps, have come to the conclusion that your
pleasant city would be injured rather than
benefitted, by the construction of this road.
Yet in the face of this conviction, you did
not hesitate, when the proposition was made'
to tax the county of Lowndes in aid of the
project, to come forward boldly and manful
ly and cast your votes in favor of the me'as
ure. White you believed it would invars the
town, you saw clearly its great importance to
the county and the State, and with none of
that small local prejudice that refuses to look
beyond the '"little limits of its own towr or
neighborhood," you came forward to the sup
port of . the measure with a magnanimity
worthy of the admiration, and I may add of
the emulation of towns similarly situated.
With this evidence before me, of the in
terest with which the people of this place,
view this great enterprise, J proceed with the
more pleasure to submit my poor reflections
upon the subject, asking for them no more
consideration than their truth and pertinence
demand. That they will receive all the at
tention they are worthy of, I have little doubt,
and if I am able clearly to establish tlie prop
osition with which I set out, it would certain
ly seem that the people of Cobamtus would
be induced to redouble their zeal and activi
ty in aid of this great work.
My proposition is, that the completion of
this railroad, so far from injuring Columbus,
will directly tend to its growth aud prosperi
ty. In support of this proposition I shall
first consider the sources of the prosperity of
towns in generd. Second, the situation of
Columbus regarding them, at present and
prospectively and thirdly, appeal to facts,
showing the effects of other railways upon
the towns through which they pass cr which
they nearly approach.
Of the two great routes surveyed betweea
Mobile and the Ohio river, kuowa as the
eastern or western routes the eastern ha
been found the most feasible, all things con
sidered, for the construction of the road.
Upon this route, however, various lines have
been run, and the exact location has not yet
been publicly made. Thus from the north,
line of Noxubee county to the north line cf
Monroe, two distinct lines are presented; no.
1 passing twelve, and no. 2 passing nine and
three quarters miles west of Columbus. Sa
however the road may be located, it can ia
no case bo more than twelve, and it my ba
less than ten miles distant from your town.
Now the country between these point is ve
ry favorably situated for their connection at
small comparative cost either by a branch
railrr-ad or by plank road. The former might
be constructed and suitably equipped for
from 030,000 to $100,000, aud the Utter
could be built for from say twenty thousand
to thirty thousand dollars. By such connec
tion Columbus would be more favorably sit
uated for business than if the road passed di
rectly through tha town,' and it would be so
clearly, the interest of her citizens and of
the railroad company, that the connection
should be made, that there cannot be the
shadow of a doubt that the construction of
the oue would speedily be fallowed by that
f the other. -I shall therefor? take it fcir
granted in mr- nrmimpnt that, thi r5pimll
connection will be made. - . ;
Let us now enquire, what ia essentiat" to
the growth and prosperity of a town or city?
-Some towns ere supported by commerce,
seme by manufactures, some by trade. -.The
town that can combine the most of these el-.
emenU is generally conceded to be the roost
prosperous. Country towns in the South
owe their growth and prosperity mostly t j
the trad-j which springs up bet ween their in
habitants and those of the agricultural dis
tricts around them. But what clan of agri
culturalists are prcStable to the town? Is it
the large landed and negro proprietor, whs
makes his hundreds of bale3 cf cotton annu
ally? Not at all. It is proverbial that tbesft
nif-n cnnml 1! f tf nine v ir the in r?n tr.ti.na
They never dispose cf their crops ia them;
they never purchase supplies there.- Their
traio an 1 custom mostly 'goes to the seaport
where they send their produce; and 15 a c:a-Bcqiv.n-o
they cara very little or, they rath
er vl, with contempt, the stiller i3n
it J. ' .. . .1 r t
struggling ior existence 10 tne cob airy. .iit
so, however, with the squall fc rn?r, wbo nsl:
from three to twsaty or thirty Ixlt:. cf c".-
t n, an I ra
kct. II: 3
in 1 vc',,;,-"'i
will sot warn
so
uc:
f t'
.ye
Uir; th,
t j t!v
' -ort to

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