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situation to obtain credit there la advance for
his niinual supplier. The dcmai.dd cf Ida family are pressing and constant, and hp is obliged i,i ,sivk credit' in t ho ( vn v li t re Lc i? know n. The-morel. :; ' T from Uuxi to lirac what ho i "inK I his crop m -ihiros, becomes its pu; 'thar. Thus a kind of barter is constantly kc; t vp c -ivc? jii at and necessary to the one party nnd prof itable to the other. , Is it not a fact that Columbus derives her support nmrc from the trade she receives from Pickens, Fayette and from the "small planters of Noxubee and Lowndes and tho; counties adjoining on the Vv'cst, than from the many wealthy planters who surround her? Being the shipping port of millions of dol lars worth of produce is little advantage to a town unless the avails of it, or a portiou at ,.:it, ntv scattered among Us citizens. Now, it seems dear to me, that Columbus will lose, hy the construction of this railroad very lit tle of the profitable trade she now receives. She would rather largely increase it by the strong i ndue omenta which such a railroad .'.jan.'eti"n would enable her to offer. As suming that the profits of her business, are mostly derived in the manner 1 have suppos ed, ia there anything in the completion of the railroad, to change this current of trade? V ill the. small planter have any more real facilities for trade with Mobile than he ha3 now? And if he has would it be to his in terest to go there? Will not the daily de mands f his household be the same as now? Will he have any greater probable ability to buy at wholesale, his necessaries for thcycar than he now has? And is it not preposter ous to suppose that ho would send from week to week or from month to month to Mobile, buy at retail there, and pay freight and charges, which are always proportionably much greater on small packages than on large? lUut there will be a town built up at the rail road depot, where all our trade west will be stopped." If Columbus were a small J5 roads town without capital or influence, I admit there would be a strong probability cf a rival at the depot, but there is too much capital in vested here, there arc too many interests clus tering about the place, it is too well built, and has and will have too great facilities for trade, to admit such a supposition for a mo ment. There would be warehouses there, of course, and perhaps a grocery or two, but, if Columbus connect with the road, there could be little growth beyond this. Cotton would not of course be hauled across the rail road to town, it would be left at the depot; but tho owner, if it be a small crop, would come on himself to Columbus and purchase his goods, and sell his cotton by sample, or the cotton buyers could have an agent at the depot to receive and report upon it, or, if you connect by rail or plaukroad it would be very easy to go thither and inspect for your selves. With the facilities this road would give him, the. merchant of Columbus, from the comparative cheapness of rent, clerk hire, &C , &c, could afford to sell goods consider ably cheaper than they could be retailed at Mobile, thus making it the direct interest of cvt ry .small buyer within reach to trade here. On the other hand, he could pay so near the Mobile market price for cotton, that it would be far hotter fror the maker of five, ten, twen ty, or even fifty bales to sell here, than to mjrp T V V TT V T Tn. vr " . Thursday, Ec; tenter 15, 1S5L union statu tickct. . For Governor, - US. FOOTS, cf Hinds. ' For Secretary of State, t JAXIES A. HORN, "of Lauderdale. For Auditor, DANIEL It. RUSSELL, of Carroll For Treasurer, WILLIAM CLARK, of Hinds. 4 For Congress, 2d Djst., JOHN A. WILCOX, of Monroe. For the Legislature, Charles R. Crusoe, Capt John J. Seals, -.. -: William P. Jack. doubtless to some ciieut true. But even there' we ad thz ' rubs to be thrift be brgcr towns continue to incnase and Anally almost to swallow up thVsmjll.' Much of course depends upon their" sifiation for trade, but I do not know of a singft town of any note be ing injured by a railroid passing through or near it. On the contrary they arc always the gainers by thcui. What they loose in one way," they more than "make up in anoth er. But if we admit the remark to be true in the north and cast.litdocs not follow that - . i j ,. ,-. .... it will hold good in the South, where towns are mnch farther septate, and where there are comparatively feWof note or large popu lation in a- wide stretei. of country. So far as my observation has extended, I can assert with confidence that Instead of destroying interior towns in the outh, railroads have built them up. Look at Georgia. A few years ago the surveys for the State road were made through a wild jid very thinly settled country. Now tha rjilroad passes through the most prosperous and populous region of the State. Thriving villages are springing up every where along the line, and towns which at its .commencement had scarcely a name, arc now rapidly attaining wealth and importance. There arc Rome and Dalton and Marietta. The latter in 1844 had scarce ly 300 inhabitants, now it has three thous and. Atlanta, which eight years ago had no "local habitation or a name," now .boasts o vcr. five thousand inhabitants and promises to realise Mr. Calhoun's prophesy that it OT-We are authorised to announce W'M , i i , - . . 4ilL. C. GEltDlXU, as a candidate for the of- wuuiu wo mo inrgw interior ,wii m fico of Brigadier General, 3ml Brigade 4th Divis- OOUth. I might point to Macon, to Augus- ion -Mississippi Militia, composed of the coun . ' t-v . n ,Am I ties of Newton, Kemper, Noxubee, and Lowndes, Tenn., to Montgomery and Auburn iu Ala., were it desirable, for farther proof, but this is unnecessary find that thev have become a necessity to trade. And that town which expects to get along and re tain its prosperity and increase its growth in this go-ahead age without them, will very certainly find to its cost, that its enemy has come in and stolen away its trade while it slept Of all places, Columbus has the least to fear, and I had almost said has the most to hope, from the construction of this road. It is the largest town on the road from the Gulf hither, adistanceof about two hundred miles, and whatever may be the fate of the small towns above and below on the road, the citi zens of Columbus, if they connect them selves with it, need have no fears of seeing their town swallowed up by any rival exist ent or to come. It will rather bring the dawn of a new and brighter era in their prosperity than any they have experienced in the past or hope for in the future. r; RAIL ROAD. . . . Correspondence of the N. O. Picayune. Execution of Lopez. at the ensuing November election. A. K. Bly the, irrespective of Bar in- Tt were far more difficult to ;fluencc, present incumbency," or aught else, the town of any pretension in the South saf a Personal knowledge of his own com , . . J . ., , T . J potency, announces himself a candidate for has been injured by railroad. In fact fVico Chancellor for the Northern' District. The sacrament of the' Lord's Supper, will bo administered in the . C. P. Church, next Sabbath during morning services. Professional Skill. . The most beautiful specimen of artistic proficiency we have ever seen, was shown us the other day in a full set of artificial teeth wrought into perfect mould by the wonder ful ingenuity and skill of Dr. S. A. Salton stall, Surgeon Dentist of this place. This is only one of a number of specimens which we have seen, all bearing the impress of native genius combined with practised skill, the success of which in all the operations of dent istry have not only rendered Saltonstall dis tinguished in his profession, but have also been followed by a harvest of patronage, in cluding orders from some of the principal cities of the South-west. Hon. Jeff Davis. 'ho. 'tvheth-.-Mj.-'! - tchozCW rier, in :iy c ' iinuhity an event of the kind has ever 1 en ; nnqunecd, whu h' caused a deeper ;-l f poignant regret, or one which it sccic"! : or difficult to rer -rile, with anvimagicibl" state cf facts, lc img tos.tcu a result, thau the intelligence ct ue murucr of this good man on Friday last. Dr. Chamlerlain was ,about 53. years of age, and had fur 30 years devoted himself to the cause of education, and especially to the establishment of: Oakland College. . In this latter work belabored the last twenty-one years with a devotion, and total abnegation of self, 'that .-bowed Low entirely all consid eration -other than'" the good of his fellow-men were discarded by him. With nothing in temper, habits or manner to create an appre hension of injury from him, in tho breast of any man, we canj only account for the act which hurried him ' to the other world, by supposing the wretched man who inflicted the fatal blow, to have been under the mad dening influence of that demon which first dethrones reason frdm- its seat,; then. .seizes the reins and drives its wretched victim on to deeds of blood.' - .: . P. S. The Vicksburg Whit of tho 9th inst. says, we are not in possession of the par ticulars, farther than that Dr. C. was stabbed in his" ownhduseT'by 1 a' ian named George A. Briscoe,. - The perpetrator immediately fled. ." It will .b'e SQen by our tylegraphic dis patch that he has since been found, but. was so far gone from thereffects of poison which he had taken, that he died soon after,, , JKsjrTwo of the ; American prisoners who left New - Orleans on the Pampero with the ill-fated Lopez Capt," J. A'. Kelly and Col. Haines have been pardoned by the Captain General and set at liberty. No motive is as signed for this selecuonof two among so ma ny, the Governor paving simply .sent for them and told them t jiat he had concluded to ; -yy release them. The rest of the prisoner will doubtless be sent to Spain in tho first vessel. ' ; Cor. Pic. Sept. 3. i. Adar.is, Am".!-, Att s, T ,V. i ion. 'J- rr.e, Covington, Copiah, ; , Coahoma, Chickasaw,' Carroll, Choctaw, -Do Soto, Franklin, -Green, Hancock, . Harrison) -Hinds, -Holmes, . . Itawamba, Issaquena, . Jackson, Jasper, ,. J ones, r Jefferson, , Kemper, Lauderdale,, -Lavrence Ivcake,: Lafayette, LoTndes, . Monroe Marion, 3IadLson, Marshall, Neshoba, Newton, ' ' Noxubee Oktibbeha, . -Perry, Pontotoc, - Panolo, Pike, ' Rankin, Scott, Smith, Simpson, Sunflower, Tunica, . Tishcmingo, Tallahatchie, , Tippah arrcn 2 C:i ! I K' 1 1 V I-""-: '' " I . 2 '100 "3', 320 ', 2 250 3 ' 333 . i . o ; . 1- 129; 3 49t ,2 222 3 375 1. 41, ..-. 1 ' 89 2 152 7 2- - . 25 1 23 2 1G5 ' 3 190 2 431 1 . ' 2 . . 40 4 207 , 1 94 2 221; 2 330 1 1 142 1 1 15 4 1350 1 , 93 4 G89 ro 1 1 1 57 44 23 352 88 a : ti t, byai m i;. i o", . , t ) r - c eir ' f.i i cf. . .-onsob lath b r I (i ii.-.icnt; r I v- ;. IVJ: 1 ii'ity f t iy c 1 ;it; iM concur ' ; ' ll.-.t Kiv duty rupuirto Lie i ii 1 1" i jsuion wiucii I occupy as th D"o-niti" St?te Right Can didate f r Gove i. r. With emotion- of the deepe-t gratitude to the patriotic party bv which ! was. nominated, for the evidences of their unfaltering confidence, both in the nomination ana in the warm and hearty re ception with which. I have been met every where in tho canvass, 1 tender my "resig nation of the high' and honorable post of their chief standard bearer in the pending canvass, pledgiug myself to them and to the country, that I will to the last, serve the great cause of State Rights,' as faithfully , in the! ranks, as I have endeaored to do in my high position. ' J. A. QUITMAN. Monmouth, Sept." 0, 1851. . LATE FOREIGN HEWS. 10' r pn-fct-t that ;"; i tvat i i kill tf: ut i. .jSc"; Orleans Christian Air-at l l l GO' 150 37- Wayne, Winston, Washington Wilkinson Yalobusha, Yazoo, Friendship Cemetery, I. O. 0. F. j We have lately visited the ground, pur- chased by this Order and consecrated as thef Things about Town. 2 no opposition. 1 180 - 2 41 1 no opposition, 1 '. 82 : ' 3 120 2 146 Correspondence of the Courier. Washington, Sept.- 7, 1851. Nay ana, Sept. 1, 1851. Last evening the steamer Pizarro came off the harbor, and it was rumored that she had Gen. Lopez on 'board, but that he would not he brought in until after flight. A large body of soldicYs, whose dirty appear ance and tired, worn-.dovn countenances de noted tho severe and fatiguing duty they had recently undergone, marched through the streets, preceeded by a band of music, i : i it, it pay transportation, commission, and the thou-' a,we vu w"" l" ,7 -f- f" 1 J 1 - ; tic demonstrations ot joy rby the citizens who s;md nudotie cliarges, that somehow manage ; cr,wdod the house-tops and streets through to fasten upon it before the proceeds reach , which they passed. These had recently ar tho hands of the owner, So that it would be J rived from the seat of 'war, and were the deublv his interest to trade hor.v Then, tho ! Ki"rd to whoso care was entrusted the cus- j (it Ji'ipez.- iuany or tue lmiaDuants, For the Primitive Ilfpullican. BY O'lHUCt" LLVE, . ' i : Halifax, ScpL ,15. . The Steamer Europa arrived here to-day, bringing late Liverpool dates. . Cotton mar ket favors . buyers: Common American scarcely an 8th decline during week. Authorised Quotations : Fair bowed, : : : 5d. do Mobile : : . - : 5d. do Orleans : : : Gd. Sales week 3G 500. Speculators took 3000. Exporters 5000. Sales Friday G000 1500 of which to speculators. Market closed quiet. New Nork, Sept. 18. ' Pacific arrived to-day. Catharine Hayes the vocalist, is one of her passengers also Hacket the commedian. Gold in great pro fusion discovered at Bath West, New South Wale -." American machinist has succeeded in o pening great Braham lock, but Braham re- ; ,PIANOS ! FINE KAKOS !! TNFORMS the public that he has made an ar JL rangement with one ;of the mo eclecrated I miio lriannfactorles in the Uni?o! States by Which he Wilt ha t.mil,lftl tn iirrt,1, .i V - -..1.r in; ji unie oi loiunibu mid the fnrrouriiling country, -with Pi anos Of the ben quality, frch from tLe'hand oi tho .makers. The instruments offered by him will be warranted to . possess a fupcrior one and will be sold at a smali advance on t! K2 York prices. 1 They .will, also, be nut in tune by Professor Markstein. before delivery, wiihm.f any additional charge to tin? purchaser' He ha on hand, at present, two excellent i.. .ruraents and will receive a further supply ah soon as nav- .uiiuu opens, i'ersons desirmsr r?anos of nny peculiar style can bo accommodated in due sea son by calling and leaving their orders. Purcha sers are invited, to Call and examine for them selves. ' t ivnwpr.cnnptp S'ept. 18th, 1831. 25-3m.' , . ' '" tr N' ?"He al COn,lin to Veep on hand and for sale.ajrood supply of Cabins P..;f, V,. x0Jfi,ne..e,8!'in BureausBed-" Sr. i "l9"1''"' tre4,es, Look ing glasses, tc. ' " j. . XOTICE TO THE-CREDITORS OP IUR4.3I MOORE, DECEASED. LETTERS of Administration on the estate Hiram Moore,-late " of Columbus, in the county of Lowndes, State of Mississippi, dee'd. havinjr been granted to tbe uridersisned at the September Term 1831' of the Probate Conrt of said county, he hereby, gives notice to all per sons having claims against the estate of said de cedent to exhibit the sarpo within the time lim ited by law, or they will be barred. - CHARLES H. MORSE. Sept. 18, 1851. 25-6w. Administrator. PATENT 2IETALIC SERIAL CASES. last rcstinn; place of its members, their fam-l Tho tr.rmiW i,n f th 1.,-, t,i;t!nn ilies and friends. ! Its regularly arranged ;surpriSCs no one. It is gonerally supposed lu.t0 W ot guineas wnlVa nA nont 9no.wn(H mnfr-ut ctrnn rrl w . , . , ... , I rnnCC de JOinVlllC rClUSCS to Withdraw hlS ..ri.. , .-v ...... ..foV that was tlie vlctim ot treachery. with the disorder and confusion of the old burying ground. Already the white memo rials of Friendship rise over the graves of He certainly had assurances from Spanish officers and Creole leaders of support, and ho was counseled by them to bring with hini the loved ones, and nature's holiest emblems onl four bundred mcn; Thc place of land Siuce tho declension of Gen. Quitman, whose card to the State Rights party will be found in another place, the name of Senator Davis is currently used as a candidate for Governor against Gen. Foote. Whether Senator Davis will consent to such an arrange ment seems to be somewhat uncertain, altho' from present intimations we fear that he will, since the Holly Springs Jaclcwn ian already speaks as "by authority." ' If he should do soj it will inevitably be a clear case of un necessary self .sacrifice. . We shall await the result of his decision before we offer any .comments upon the.mcrits of such a contest have been planted by the hands of affection. We are glad to sec this appropriate place pre pared by the energy and activity of the Or der, whose motto is to "Bury the dead," as it gives to thc citizens of our town a place of interment secure from thc rude hands of thc spoiler or the ravages of the brute creation, The ownership of the ground secures a per petual care and atteution to the keeping of it in a proper condition, as the duty of its preservation devolves upon an institution that i perpetual, and an ample fund for that pur pose is set apart from the proceeds of the sale of the lots. A portion of the ground is laid off fortheu.se of the public and those who wish to purchase lots would do well to make immediate application to the Trustees. We hope those in the Order as well as those out of it who have fots in the ground will as early as possible improve each his own and that the coming Spring will be the time when every one interested will come forward and adorn each his spot of holy ground with such . r .1 : . i 11 . . .1. ' A.' : ' ' !- V opoui.rj ut in. iaim.au wou.u 1 mar-e uw , r, ' f Mi ltnA teff-Wo. h.-.vn fromiontlv rw.Vti ,,f Mn.r8 ehrmnel.sof trade, by divcrMfying tho pro-, ,Uvc (lirt r,prc,sentatives ' of tho i Leonard Scott & Co.'s (N. Y.) republication Ul Iai,u 1'-" j power 01 i.,r panisi, majesty, wn aiu not, of B1.lokwoo(1-S Maiazine; and of the Wi shrubbery and flowers as shall throw around Many prod tie's which initht easily be raised 1 seem to reu.U it much. j, T, , . . , , . .. , , . . . . , - ., md e,u' 1 th n bo i- o-d d.-,iaT,d will rtJ ' At a late hmr last night it was officially !lon Ivbnburgh,. orth British and West-the place a charm to raise themmd from the ' . ; - ' ' . i announced in the city that Lojk z was to be i mmstcr Quarterly .Reviews.-- The whole of , thought 'of death as a "King of Terrors," to ' - 4 t "j executed this morning, and at daybreak : them are sent by L.S. & Co. for SI 0. We the more pleasing reflection that he does but money at all. All these would primarily crowds were to be seen wending their w:iy;iavc r(ceived fmui the publishers. Black- 'open thc portals of another existence and that towaras trie small lort oi me J un a, out, ,uc ; wf!)d aml - EHwh rt.view fnr Juiv and amid these beauteous "scenes linger the spirits of the walls, at the entrance of. the harhor, i - . - -i v.. , J ... ; tf A, , , . . . , . ,, and directly opposite -the 31 oro Castle. I i 1,iust .it'thc publishers contribute great-,of the loved, ones that have passed to the ly to the dissemination or standard literature, ueiier.iana find their way here, be bought up here, and forwarded to the larger market. This would mv.- 1 v..-rit"f 7 find mir tr. hot 1,1 . ... . ., , homed in the stream, and, on neanng th soon net like a charm upon the crowth and :. . . '. ' i i1'1 b es juiuiuu wuvtu wcru see prosperity of the town. So much for the trade west. From Ala 1 un i y..u v. ju! 1 draw hither a much larger trade than now. The planter of the border count: would not delay their cotton for the uncertain rise of the Warrior and Bigby. 'obimbus would become a tolerable market ( itself, aud the planter would prefer hauling here, for he would then have three chances of .satisfactorily disposing of his crop, where he now has but one. There would be tho cer tiinfy of sending it at once to Mobile by rail road tho opport unity of selling for remuner ative prices here, and third the chance of a ri-c in thc rivers. Thc supplies for a large portion of these counties would either be pur chased hero or be brought through here, and the greater portion of their Mobile travel would seek the railroad."'" Tho'.cohipTetion of the railroad would largely increase the pop ulation, ami that increase1 would bci 'princi pally of the class most beneficial to the trade of tho town. Even during its construction, thc road would bring a large and profitable trade hither." There would bo the supplies of thc hands and teams at work upon it, to be furnished, and a hundred other means of trade jrrowiiiir out of this. In this trticlo I have spoken mostly of the merchant; what I have .said would prove equally true to the me chanic and tho artisan : what benefits one clasa of a community iu a measure benefits all. On this howerer, I have not time to en large. '; ' "" " V :" " . " Again what is to prevent Columbus from becoming a large' manufacturing ' town? With speedy and uninterrupted aeoctw to a gvd market, iu a comparatively healthy "re gion, and Surrounded by au abundance of the raw m i'cr'ul, it would j'eeiii, tb.v" Ma'uafactu riug m'li't be conducted here with 'reat a'd vAntxigo and prollt. ".' " ' " . I cjiac now briefly to cxatiiine the i encoof raiir'.-id'i uu.i:i town thru.: -1! v to be assembled, many of whom had been waiting for hours. The whole space be tween the runta fort and the Carcel was filled with troops, cavalry and infantry, who formed an immense square, in the midst of which was erected the scaffold, about twen- ing them' for so small an - outlay ty iect nign, tnc top surrounaea oy a Daico-j .,,., - ... ... r 1'RANCE AM M'AIN. l ie rniic by the republication of the above works, at ; We have been requested to say that appli such a small price as to place them in the ! cation for lots should be made to. either of hands of every reader. They deserve thanks, 1 the Trustees, W. L. Harris, A. E. Love, II. and all wishing to read the above, should a-j Hale. ' vail themselves of the opportunity of procur- A plan of the ground may be seen at the office" of Hale & Murdock. h Am-i thc carrota. This consisted of a small up-1 , ' -, , , , c, - right post, at the back of which was an iron b:i,a"r :,t Madnd h?."ff T0" SP n screw, with a long handle, and in front was j distance of France in protfttmu th. 1 iu of -Jr- the fatal collar and the chain in which the victim was seated. A short time after my arrival, a procession of priests, with long black caps, carrying a black flag or banner, passed into the Funta, which was surrounded j with soldiers, and about twenty minutes after-' wards thc tolling of a bell r gave notice that Lopez was approaching. ; The drums called the soldiers to order, and the mournful pro cession almost immediately entered the square. The qucCrly dressed priests marched first, after whom Came a detachment of the soldiers who brought him iu, dressed in the same duty clothes they: wore when they ar: riycd, andin the midst, with a priest on either sid,e, marched Nareisco Lopez. ,He was dressed in a long white garment resembling a shroud, with a hood which covered his head, but did not conceal his features; Thc pro cession moved slowly across the square to the scaffold, and Lopez ascended, together with a priest ana one or tvo oiacers. me negro excutioner had preceded him. - As well as I could see between the bayonets-of the soldiers,- Lopez walked with a firm step, and on reichmg the platform he kneeled down whilar the priest . recited a prayer. On rising, be took a cross in his hand and kissed it repeatedly. .0 no of the cCieerson thc scaffold then commanded silence in a loud tone, and in an instant everything was ns still as the graiT.. Lopez spoke for a fCiy niTintos, but the square ' formed by the sold icr.i v:asr,'so Jarpcathat it .was imp'.ssi: !e to ui.,un"ai;!i what he said. Jlis oiee how ever, sanded. cl'ir'atid- firni. He t1-" Cuba atrainst invasit n. " ' For the "Primitive Republican.". Starkville, Sept. 16th, '51.' Editor:--.:::-: -,'.: ?:: ' '' - An article of mine in the last number of -your paper, contained the pledge j jeSTRobert C. Winthr p lias leen nomi- of the Southern Rights 'Association in this nated 1 as a candidate for Governor, by the place witV comments thcreou: rThouyh not Whig State Convention of Massachusetts., ' .,., nf t '"n't. h"t.inio th wi.WM writ. t "e v. 'X - i r- ten,"yet I have siucu understood that Messrs. Lewis of the North Mississippi In ion- n fJ '.' .- . , , has hoisted the names of Hon. II. S. Foote - , J , . . y, . itt tv tv. i . any : such construction, as that placed upon for President, and Hon. D. S; Dickinson of . . . 1T . r r. Newr lork, for Vice President. - . 'i , ,. -. . . . , , v ., , X-Tuesday, says-the - Mobile AV.sr, i dieving that the construction placed upon it seems to have bcen'high festival among the."1 U1' former communication is fairly dedu- fishers, and a day of awful sacrifice among ; Clblc "om the language ot the pledge, and the fins. At Sangaron's, Do River, Mr. tnc ..doctrines" of that party, yet since the li: in little over an hour, took forty odd j most positive "declarations have been made, Trout and one Red Fish.'-" But the whole-1 as 1 uiiderstand, to the contrary, I would not saTe slaughter was at P. "::t Cbur. In three' wisu to hc considered as charging a princi hours the boarders at that establishment! P1 83 od5os a tbat of political proscripthm ing was indicated to Lopez by his Cuban friends. Some say that there will be other expeditions but I presume that there will bo none, unless the Government chooses to connive at them. The patent for Phillip's Fire Annihilator, was issued here more than a year ago. The American Company just organized for its manufacture and sale,' will' have an experi ment next week in the Navy-Yard. A house will be set on fire, ahd, while in flames, the' Fire Annihilator will be applied. This ap paratus, should it succeed, will be one of thc greatest boons that science has ever given to mankind' Our cities seem to be built only to be burnt; and the Fire Companies have become, in some of the large cities, almost intolerable, by provoking riots and disorders. The death of Justice Woodbury is much lamented here. He jvas better known in this city than any where else, in various of ficial capacities, for twenty-seven years. Every public station to which he was called, hc filled with credit; and in his private char acter, he was irreproachable. He was the nominee of his own State for the Presidency. 1 It is said that the vacant place on the Bench will be offered to Mr. Rufus Choatc who certainly will not take it. I hear that Mr. Choate, Mr. B. It. Curtis, and Chief Justice Shaw;-all of Boston, are spoken of for the' vacancy on the benchof the Supremo Court. The appointment must be made before the first of October next, when the Circuit Court is to held in that cir cuit."" :.; ' '"' 1" ; ' '"'-' ' '; , ,;. The Cuba prisoners, it seems, censure Gen. Lopez aud Mr. Sigur, of New Orleans. But those persons were doubtless themselves deceived, and as i the best proof of it the former hazarded and lost his life, and the latter his money, in the enterprize. ' The President, believing the prisoners to have beeirinveigled into the expedition by false representations, has interposed in their behalf, as I informed you by telegraph yes terday. - - RESIGNATION OF' GEN. QTJTTUAN. To the : Democratic':' State Eiyhts Parly of . 1 JriLSsissijyn. name as candidate for French Presidency. Potatoe disease committing great ravages in France, and is increasing in Ireland. Negotiations between Denmark and Aus tria have taken an unfavorable turn. Thc Ottoman Porte has declared that Hun garians cannot be released until January 1852. The U. SStcamer Mississippi there to take them f o U. S. Col-Jeff Davis. Gen. Quitman having declined being a candidate for Governor, we have run up the name of COL. JEFFERSON DAVIS. When Col. Davis, was in town yesterday he consented to the use of his name in case Quitman had Jcclinbd -consequently we are acting advisedly iu this matter. Jdccsonian. Sept, 11th We feel very sure that Col. Jefferson Davis will decline any tender now of the position ofcandidate it is not only his right, but" it is a duty he owes to his party, friends and State. I hose gentlemen who now manifest such determined zeal to fqrec him out, should remember that there was a time when four- fifths of the State'Rights party in Mississippi, 1 1 1 " : - 1 1 1 T ' ucsirca nis services, anu coma nave comman ded them, had public sentiment been respec ted. lhey were not unwarned of thc result time and experience have saiict ified those warnings, and we say to them now in their and our tribulation, take heed for thc future, and let your judgments, rather than your personal leanings cool deliberation rather. than sympathetic impulses, guide your f uture. Southern Standard, bept, Id. The News from Cuba. caught the almost incredible number of elev en hundred and eighty-eight trout. Of these, one lady took. 140, another 137, and Mr. J. M. T. had for his single spoil 370. r i I j""The fall term of our Circuit ; Court commenced on yesti I iy, llfn. F. 31. Rogers on the B. acb, prcbi ling with bis usual grace, se.;u ! turns i ti:n.3olf in. ihV.ckjlf, the cxecu J i!.,.,,lUt. r.m.l liia nCfik. 1.1 . . . i iVWW'-l t .1 . T ' - .' ' f i ii:a screw, aa iNarci.-co. x i u : si was v.ha' his (',.. A - slisrht .convulsive l i-! motion of tho hands was the - only mo e"nt and looking 1 "iTtV'.In'- i .at 11 Leet n fidelity; i 'he Gr.; t!.e timt.- i v:.w of d:c i? well as ever. 5 f .but La- c.T.ci '1 We did not u-ider-iood 1 oldnes an J n mind vice of the "i l-t I could perceive in t! hod', ice. It un-jin-i to ; 'e inj'irlou- i vVy. In -y ib:f:. '.'- ;.-..! t'-v.i - 1 1.1 . :' . :. .'p'tiion t; five to lb xnnicn: V'if l!: f-r upon men,, who expressly disavow it. i In fact, I feel fully assured, t hat most of those, who signed that pledge could never have done so had they regarded it as containing a principle so dangerous. And wbilj I think that thc Association has been extremely unfortunate in its selection of L" i.., yet, I am glad to know, and I regard it but justice so to state, that such construction is not sustained by the Association. OKTIBBEHA. Dxxr. Qui fur -reason coram here:; op Gi. ,idr.Ti'". 3 V , pvj i,. the I -I- Quitman. Gen. ' "i the canvass f )r ia'a publish".! c.i "y state, th .t 'ft' 1 1 ' '.ie "asdcciivj i ;-'S 'be wroi -j haud-j rf MR-TIGHT jIND INDESTUCTIBLE. For protecting the Dead, for ordinary In terment, for Vaults, for trantpotation,or for any other desirable" olject. : Price for Adult size $60, the smallest size 320 including ontside wood case, Coffin Plate engraved, and attendance. All sizes will be kept constantly on hand and furnished at tha shortest notice; also Wood Coffins to those who cjesire them will be furnished on as jrood terms as at any oilier establishment.' A Hersc can be furnished if required - ' fept. IS, lSOl. J. WO,MELSDORFF. N. B. An extra 'charge will be made where. attendance is required in the country. C0LUHUI7S k FEMALE INSTITUTE. THIS Institution will commence its regular session on Monday the 6th day rf, October next, and the Trustees with confidence reconi-. mend it to the liberal patronage .of tho pub'ic. a? it will enter upon the fourth year of its exist ence with prospects of increased success and usefulness.. The services of Mr. N. II McCais, have been engaged as Principal, a gentleman who gradua ted with distinction at the University ot Jvorth Carolina, and a native of that State.' :ind who is in every way highly qualified to tnk j charge of uch an institution, possessing not only all the? requisites for suclr, a station, - as a: .scholar, but bringing with Lira much experience, as a teach er. The very best Assistants the country eat afford will be brouglft to the aid of the Princi pal. ' ' -. . ; . ' lhe importance of sustaining a lemnle semi nary of high order in Columbus is, we belieVr lelt and 'acknowledged by all; V e present the Columbus Female Institute as admirably calcu lated to supply this want, and therefore as wor thy of all encouragement. We have engaged able and accomplished in structors ; the course of study is ful!, thorough and finished; the" buildings mid grounds'" are well adapted lor the purposes of a large Female School; the location is healthful, pleasanl,'anif retired, mid no exertions will be spared on the part ot the i rustees to make it . one of lhe first Institutions of the Southwest. To acromplisk ' this, we only invoke the patronage of n liberal' public and those especially who feel an interest" n losteringbouthern Institutions for the educa-- tioa of the rising generation. - Utiles anT Regulations: The scholastic year is divided into two sessions of five months, commencing respectively- on the ursi iuonuajr in vctooer anil .Luarcu. No Pupil will be received fora shorterperiod than one session, but can enter af anytime and will be charged from the time of entrance. . No deduction for tuition will be allowed, ex-' 1 cept.from continued sickness," and that, at the discretion" of Yhe Principal. In deductions for board, no fraction less than ha.ll a month will be considered. - :Z . - . It is the wish and recommendation of the Trustees, that nil the pupils from abroad, should board at the Institute. - . : . . The Young Ladies who board in the Institute will not be allowed to attend bals or parties, or receive visits except relatives. Their expendi tures and visits will also be supervised. The tuition and board for each scholar will in variably be required to be paid one half in ad vance, the other half at the end of the session. .t.v- 'TERMsr: "-''.-.-, ." .... . . I. Preparatory Department per session," $13 i ourtli Clas, per session, Third Class, . " ' " Second Cla?s, " First Class, " " Languages, (each.) - - Music on . the Piano or Guitar, Use of Instrument for, practising, . Drawing and Painting, - - Ornamental Needlework, . . , . Contingent Expenses, - Board per Month (in luding lights, . washing, bd and bedding.) Young Ladies, boardu.j iu the Institute, must ' u 15 20 20 . 20 :' 10 ,.?5 5 15 10 - 1 12 50 iVte!!' ,ntv all ovi f t . it i' i'uUU' e 1 all the y-UTi. '.- : .', I -r.r-.'...v. , V Oil - v. ; V. r ; u -i r The-result of die, recent election for the Convention, hovyever brought about, must be regarded, at least lor tho present, as decisive of the position e"or.tbe State and the great issue involved.. .. . . , - . j , .:v The majority have declared that they nre content with the late aggressive measures of Congress, and opposed to any remedial action of the State. . .'. .": - Although this determination of the people is at variance with my fixed opinion of the true policy of the State, heartofore expressed, and still conscientiously entertained; yet as a State Eights man, and a Democrat, I bow in respectful submission to the apparent will of the people. ';"', ' " ''Sl ' - ' : ' It is true the Stati has not vet snoken authoritatively j" even the acts of the Convcn- tion will not be binding until thev have been rati.cd by a';votef t;,: people j but ty ' election of noii-resisters to tho Cc-y. a majority of tho pr'cple have declare, v the course of policy ou the 't Livery Uestio" ishich' I deemed i--y duty ro' purine wL Governor; ii;. ; j .icij'. 3 wlh'ilwiu. ...dt(.i In-ua whiv.aali I l i .. . ......Illite. vi t ., ;-jtWi thstanu. ' ' ' .'".tlnent m ' .1 J LiV.t Li i. I ft iii c; ti. - ":. i ' It appears that, seeking to unite with Crit knden, General Lopez unfortunately delayed at Las Posas, that the Spanish troops, in the meantime,, closed in upon him from Havana; that the Creole population was ted to believe that he was defeated, or seriously, if not hope lessly, embarrassed, and that, losing men, and expending incalculably valuable ammunition, he kept up the desperate contest. Jb amine pressed . upon the war-worn band. Unused to long marches,: unprovided with provisions out of ammunition, after three or four severe engagements with the well-appointed troops of fcpam, they were forced, to separate and -i.i- it.. i miM l r " setK. eaieiy m.uie luuuuiains. iuuncr nun-, furnish their own towels;" and. every article or gcr ana uiooa-iiounus inc iauer.lurnisnea;ciotning raust be distinctly marked with, the by the recreant Creole population,) tracked VCT 3 iamo. them, , and they fell, almost unresistingly,! GEORGE R. CLAYTON, into the hands of treacherous Creoles and; r 7 p!e9"lent f Board of Trustee. Spanish ,oldiery. , . , ... C. ... V . mVV185LL.; A few faithful adherents remained by Lopez,; PickeSTiUe, Ala Teiale Institute. " until at his solicitation and urged by., tbe 0 R. BRADSHAW A. M. PrincipaL' pressure of hunger, the Cuban patriot, weak, ! . 1 wearied, fainting wiikhungcr, wasting under' T?!S!""e5 of )" InsiUf !?n T11 Vth ' i i i , i "Tnlrcorps of weil qualified Teachers be re a severe wound, remained alone, and lay down ; gUtned on Monday 6th of Octobek. - Catalogues careless whether rest or death came. ' The ' containing every necessary information with re- Spanish bloodhound was upon his path : and, sPe"to !erm9 ,4tc - 'ca be had by applying tv j j i.- "' . -i-v i a o ' i to the principal or the board of Triiec the dog and his master, Don Antonio Santos , v .. .. , jajifs m bfCKETT -' - Castaneda,(fit allies !) captnred the feeble and '" --i're : i 0f tbe Board, starving chieftain. ; ; . ' K SePu2nd, 1851, 21 a. ' , A. .1 - If it i - .11 TT 1 1 : ' ai me news vi mis capture, an iiaau mv r-f, T flamed forth in loyalty : and excitement., .7r,. , rf . f , '' lionfires were lit, feu dejmes were trca, rork-1 -t t,r d- nr,,! n -tiiTnnrniisnonuLee! fl motion of E.. P. Odi: , . .J . , - . .. V- members of the Board tl maue me weiKin ring whu s-ui'um. . - Upon the night of August 31st, the captive was brought to Havana, and the sun, of Sep tember 1st rr so c: " the morning of : his execution "The tea ."old on "which was the garote, was surrounded by thousands of troops i,as presided formin" a deep square. Into that thousands ! vation to thatl of tho r"I ''ibace looking on, Lopez passed He was dad in a long shroud and white hood ' "3 CcTity. i l. rA. '-. He of h spoke a" few words," declaring'the honesty as purpose and 'his love -for Cuba, was placed in " the fatal chair, tbs" screw turned, na -xar "co iiCpcz was be! one- f the following t"-,- lutions were adopted, to-wjt : - " Whereas, A. G. Weir, E- t .. '' the Press,.-r.t of this Board ha resigned his o..iOe end is about to remove from our county, tl . lore Resolved that the thanks of this Board l,c unbred to 1 dirt lor the able and dignified mani c r-in vLich lie- over our deliberat'.o;.- iiiite Lis c!e- 5 i uuon to mat important station, in im rerpovaf our county will lose a vigilant, i:Lf! an i i ft- ccnt offic-r and tl. ce"1 .;ty a good citizcii:"' Iii sever. ng the ties that L. bound Llm. for so many years to us, he has the consolation of car rying -with him the wannest wishes of a whole ecramus.Jty for the baoiuness and moneritv cf , T1-r' L i r : t o b r too L: tr. ;f vtbiO ricf but brill:,; -t.-tn the cowardly Creoles "-; I hey were tooc.)"": 1. -a a co 'V. r- i 1 i: "'nons. t-c Clerk cf tUTEonrd far- r ' ' " - - ' a Our lait; Fres ' upon r . .... .. ; i. .i y h--t r. -o . '.' '. ascfi r , iu n t' 'T-- rf ' " i.