situation to obtain credit there la advance for
his niinual supplier. The dcmai.dd cf Ida
family are pressing and constant, and hp is
obliged i,i ,sivk credit' in t ho ( vn v li t re Lc
i? know n. The-morel. :; ' T from
Uuxi to lirac what ho i "inK I his
crop m -ihiros, becomes its pu; 'thar. Thus
a kind of barter is constantly kc; t vp c -ivc?
jii at and necessary to the one party nnd prof
itable to the other. ,
Is it not a fact that Columbus derives her
support nmrc from the trade she receives
from Pickens, Fayette and from the "small
planters of Noxubee and Lowndes and tho;
counties adjoining on the Vv'cst, than from
the many wealthy planters who surround her?
Being the shipping port of millions of dol
lars worth of produce is little advantage to a
town unless the avails of it, or a portiou at
,.:it, ntv scattered among Us citizens. Now,
it seems dear to me, that Columbus will lose,
hy the construction of this railroad very lit
tle of the profitable trade she now receives.
She would rather largely increase it by the
strong i ndue omenta which such a railroad
.'.jan.'eti"n would enable her to offer. As
suming that the profits of her business, are
mostly derived in the manner 1 have suppos
ed, ia there anything in the completion of the
railroad, to change this current of trade?
V ill the. small planter have any more real
facilities for trade with Mobile than he ha3
now? And if he has would it be to his in
terest to go there? Will not the daily de
mands f his household be the same as now?
Will he have any greater probable ability to
buy at wholesale, his necessaries for thcycar
than he now has? And is it not preposter
ous to suppose that ho would send from week
to week or from month to month to Mobile,
buy at retail there, and pay freight and
charges, which are always proportionably
much greater on small packages than on large?
lUut there will be a town built up at the rail
road depot, where all our trade west will be
stopped." If Columbus were a small J5 roads
town without capital or influence, I admit
there would be a strong probability cf a rival
at the depot, but there is too much capital in
vested here, there arc too many interests clus
tering about the place, it is too well built,
and has and will have too great facilities for
trade, to admit such a supposition for a mo
ment. There would be warehouses there,
of course, and perhaps a grocery or two, but,
if Columbus connect with the road, there
could be little growth beyond this. Cotton
would not of course be hauled across the rail
road to town, it would be left at the depot;
but tho owner, if it be a small crop, would
come on himself to Columbus and purchase
his goods, and sell his cotton by sample, or
the cotton buyers could have an agent at the
depot to receive and report upon it, or, if
you connect by rail or plaukroad it would be
very easy to go thither and inspect for your
selves. With the facilities this road would
give him, the. merchant of Columbus, from
the comparative cheapness of rent, clerk hire,
&C , &c, could afford to sell goods consider
ably cheaper than they could be retailed at
Mobile, thus making it the direct interest of
cvt ry .small buyer within reach to trade here.
On the other hand, he could pay so near the
Mobile market price for cotton, that it would
be far hotter fror the maker of five, ten, twen
ty, or even fifty bales to sell here, than to
mjrp T V V TT V T Tn. vr
Thursday, Ec; tenter 15, 1S5L
union statu tickct.
. For Governor, -
US. FOOTS, cf Hinds. '
For Secretary of State, t
JAXIES A. HORN, "of Lauderdale.
DANIEL It. RUSSELL, of Carroll
WILLIAM CLARK, of Hinds. 4
For Congress, 2d Djst.,
JOHN A. WILCOX, of Monroe.
For the Legislature,
Charles R. Crusoe, Capt John J. Seals,
-.. -: William P. Jack.
doubtless to some ciieut true. But even
there' we ad thz ' rubs to be thrift be brgcr
towns continue to incnase and Anally almost
to swallow up thVsmjll.' Much of course
depends upon their" sifiation for trade, but I
do not know of a singft town of any note be
ing injured by a railroid passing through or
near it. On the contrary they arc always
the gainers by thcui. What they loose in
one way," they more than "make up in anoth
er. But if we admit the remark to be true
in the north and cast.litdocs not follow that
- . i j ,. ,-. ....
it will hold good in the South, where towns
are mnch farther septate, and where there
are comparatively feWof note or large popu
lation in a- wide stretei. of country. So far
as my observation has extended, I can assert
with confidence that Instead of destroying
interior towns in the outh, railroads have
built them up. Look at Georgia. A few
years ago the surveys for the State road were
made through a wild jid very thinly settled
country. Now tha rjilroad passes through
the most prosperous and populous region of
the State. Thriving villages are springing
up every where along the line, and towns
which at its .commencement had scarcely a
name, arc now rapidly attaining wealth and
importance. There arc Rome and Dalton
and Marietta. The latter in 1844 had scarce
ly 300 inhabitants, now it has three thous
and. Atlanta, which eight years ago had no
"local habitation or a name," now .boasts o
vcr. five thousand inhabitants and promises
to realise Mr. Calhoun's prophesy that it OT-We are authorised to announce W'M
, i i , - . . 4ilL. C. GEltDlXU, as a candidate for the of-
wuuiu wo mo inrgw interior ,wii m fico of Brigadier General, 3ml Brigade 4th Divis-
OOUth. I might point to Macon, to Augus- ion -Mississippi Militia, composed of the coun
. ' t-v . n ,Am I ties of Newton, Kemper, Noxubee, and Lowndes,
Tenn., to Montgomery and Auburn iu Ala.,
were it desirable, for farther proof, but this
thev have become a necessity to trade. And
that town which expects to get along and re
tain its prosperity and increase its growth in
this go-ahead age without them, will very
certainly find to its cost, that its enemy has
come in and stolen away its trade while it
Of all places, Columbus has the least to
fear, and I had almost said has the most to
hope, from the construction of this road. It
is the largest town on the road from the Gulf
hither, adistanceof about two hundred miles,
and whatever may be the fate of the small
towns above and below on the road, the citi
zens of Columbus, if they connect them
selves with it, need have no fears of seeing
their town swallowed up by any rival exist
ent or to come. It will rather bring the dawn
of a new and brighter era in their prosperity
than any they have experienced in the past
or hope for in the future.
r; RAIL ROAD.
. . .
Correspondence of the N. O. Picayune.
Execution of Lopez.
at the ensuing November election.
A. K. Bly the, irrespective of Bar in-
Tt were far more difficult to ;fluencc, present incumbency," or aught else,
the town of any pretension in the South saf a Personal knowledge of his own com
, . . J . ., , T . J potency, announces himself a candidate for
has been injured by railroad. In fact fVico Chancellor for the Northern' District.
The sacrament of the' Lord's Supper,
will bo administered in the . C. P. Church,
next Sabbath during morning services.
Professional Skill. .
The most beautiful specimen of artistic
proficiency we have ever seen, was shown us
the other day in a full set of artificial teeth
wrought into perfect mould by the wonder
ful ingenuity and skill of Dr. S. A. Salton
stall, Surgeon Dentist of this place. This is
only one of a number of specimens which we
have seen, all bearing the impress of native
genius combined with practised skill, the
success of which in all the operations of dent
istry have not only rendered Saltonstall dis
tinguished in his profession, but have also
been followed by a harvest of patronage, in
cluding orders from some of the principal
cities of the South-west.
Hon. Jeff Davis.
'ho. 'tvheth-.-Mj.-'! - tchozCW
rier, in :iy c ' iinuhity an event of the kind
has ever 1 en ; nnqunecd, whu h' caused a
deeper ;-l f poignant regret, or one which
it sccic"! : or difficult to rer -rile, with
anvimagicibl" state cf facts, lc img tos.tcu
a result, thau the intelligence ct ue murucr
of this good man on Friday last.
Dr. Chamlerlain was ,about 53. years of
age, and had fur 30 years devoted himself to
the cause of education, and especially to the
establishment of: Oakland College. . In this
latter work belabored the last twenty-one
years with a devotion, and total abnegation
of self, 'that .-bowed Low entirely all consid
eration -other than'" the good of his fellow-men
were discarded by him. With nothing in
temper, habits or manner to create an appre
hension of injury from him, in tho breast of
any man, we canj only account for the act
which hurried him ' to the other world, by
supposing the wretched man who inflicted
the fatal blow, to have been under the mad
dening influence of that demon which first
dethrones reason frdm- its seat,; then. .seizes
the reins and drives its wretched victim on
to deeds of blood.' - .: .
P. S. The Vicksburg Whit of tho 9th
inst. says, we are not in possession of the par
ticulars, farther than that Dr. C. was stabbed
in his" ownhduseT'by 1 a' ian named George
A. Briscoe,. - The perpetrator immediately
fled. ." It will .b'e SQen by our tylegraphic dis
patch that he has since been found, but. was
so far gone from thereffects of poison which
he had taken, that he died soon after,, ,
JKsjrTwo of the ; American prisoners who
left New - Orleans on the Pampero with the
ill-fated Lopez Capt," J. A'. Kelly and Col.
Haines have been pardoned by the Captain
General and set at liberty. No motive is as
signed for this selecuonof two among so ma
ny, the Governor paving simply .sent for
them and told them t jiat he had concluded to ; -yy
release them. The rest of the prisoner will
doubtless be sent to Spain in tho first vessel.
' ; Cor. Pic. Sept. 3.
Copiah, ; ,
J ones, r
Newton, ' '
Oktibbeha, . -Perry,
2 C:i !
1 1 V
I-""-: '' "
', 2 250
3 ' 333
. i . o ;
. 1- 129;
1 ' 89
7 2- - . 25
2 1G5 '
' 2 . . 40
4 207 ,
1 , 93
m i;. i
o", . , t ) r - c eir
' f.i i cf. . .-onsob lath
b r I (i ii.-.icnt; r
I v- ;. IVJ: 1
ii'ity f t iy c 1 ;it; iM concur
' ; ' ll.-.t Kiv duty
rupuirto Lie i ii 1 1" i jsuion wiucii
I occupy as th D"o-niti" St?te Right Can
didate f r Gove i. r. With emotion- of the
deepe-t gratitude to the patriotic party bv
which ! was. nominated, for the evidences of
their unfaltering confidence, both in the
nomination ana in the warm and hearty re
ception with which. I have been met every
where in tho canvass, 1 tender my "resig
nation of the high' and honorable post of
their chief standard bearer in the pending
canvass, pledgiug myself to them and to the
country, that I will to the last, serve the great
cause of State Rights,' as faithfully , in the!
ranks, as I have endeaored to do in my high
position. ' J. A. QUITMAN.
Monmouth, Sept." 0, 1851.
. LATE FOREIGN HEWS.
;"; i tvat
.jSc"; Orleans Christian Air-at
Friendship Cemetery, I. O. 0. F. j
We have lately visited the ground, pur-
chased by this Order and consecrated as thef
Things about Town.
2 no opposition.
1 180 -
1 no opposition,
1 '. 82 : '
Correspondence of the Courier.
Washington, Sept.- 7, 1851.
Nay ana, Sept. 1, 1851.
Last evening the steamer Pizarro came
off the harbor, and it was rumored that she
had Gen. Lopez on 'board, but that he would
not he brought in until after flight. A
large body of soldicYs, whose dirty appear
ance and tired, worn-.dovn countenances de
noted tho severe and fatiguing duty they
had recently undergone, marched through
the streets, preceeded by a band of music,
i : i it, it
pay transportation, commission, and the thou-' a,we vu w"" l" ,7 -f- f"
1 J 1 - ; tic demonstrations ot joy rby the citizens who
s;md nudotie cliarges, that somehow manage ; cr,wdod the house-tops and streets through
to fasten upon it before the proceeds reach , which they passed. These had recently ar
tho hands of the owner, So that it would be J rived from the seat of 'war, and were the
deublv his interest to trade hor.v Then, tho ! Ki"rd to whoso care was entrusted the cus- j
(it Ji'ipez.- iuany or tue lmiaDuants,
For the Primitive Ilfpullican.
BY O'lHUCt" LLVE,
. ' i : Halifax, ScpL ,15. .
The Steamer Europa arrived here to-day,
bringing late Liverpool dates. . Cotton mar
ket favors . buyers: Common American
scarcely an 8th decline during week.
Authorised Quotations :
Fair bowed, : : : 5d.
do Mobile : : . - : 5d.
do Orleans : : : Gd.
Sales week 3G 500. Speculators took
3000. Exporters 5000. Sales Friday G000
1500 of which to speculators. Market
New Nork, Sept. 18. '
Pacific arrived to-day. Catharine Hayes
the vocalist, is one of her passengers also
Hacket the commedian. Gold in great pro
fusion discovered at Bath West, New South
American machinist has succeeded in o
pening great Braham lock, but Braham re-
; ,PIANOS ! FINE KAKOS !!
TNFORMS the public that he has made an ar
JL rangement with one ;of the mo eclecrated
I miio lriannfactorles in the Uni?o! States by
Which he Wilt ha t.mil,lftl tn iirrt,1, .i V -
-..1.r in; ji unie oi
loiunibu mid the fnrrouriiling country, -with Pi
anos Of the ben quality, frch from tLe'hand oi
tho .makers. The instruments offered by him
will be warranted to . possess a fupcrior one
and will be sold at a smali advance on t! K2
York prices. 1 They .will, also, be nut in tune by
Professor Markstein. before delivery, wiihm.f
any additional charge to tin? purchaser' He ha
on hand, at present, two excellent i.. .ruraents
and will receive a further supply ah soon as nav-
.uiiuu opens, i'ersons desirmsr r?anos of nny
peculiar style can bo accommodated in due sea
son by calling and leaving their orders. Purcha
sers are invited, to Call and examine for them
selves. ' t ivnwpr.cnnptp
S'ept. 18th, 1831. 25-3m.' , . ' '"
tr N' ?"He al COn,lin to Veep on hand and
for sale.ajrood supply of Cabins P..;f,
V,. x0Jfi,ne..e,8!'in BureausBed-"
Sr. i "l9"1''"' tre4,es, Look
ing glasses, tc. ' " j. .
XOTICE TO THE-CREDITORS OP
IUR4.3I MOORE, DECEASED.
LETTERS of Administration on the estate
Hiram Moore,-late " of Columbus, in the
county of Lowndes, State of Mississippi, dee'd.
havinjr been granted to tbe uridersisned at the
September Term 1831' of the Probate Conrt of
said county, he hereby, gives notice to all per
sons having claims against the estate of said de
cedent to exhibit the sarpo within the time lim
ited by law, or they will be barred. -
CHARLES H. MORSE.
Sept. 18, 1851. 25-6w. Administrator.
PATENT 2IETALIC SERIAL CASES.
last rcstinn; place of its members, their fam-l Tho tr.rmiW i,n f th 1.,-, t,i;t!nn
ilies and friends. ! Its regularly arranged ;surpriSCs no one. It is gonerally supposed lu.t0 W ot guineas
wnlVa nA nont 9no.wn(H mnfr-ut ctrnn rrl w . , . , ... , I rnnCC de JOinVlllC rClUSCS to Withdraw hlS
..ri.. , .-v ...... ..foV that was tlie vlctim ot treachery.
with the disorder and confusion of the old
burying ground. Already the white memo
rials of Friendship rise over the graves of
He certainly had assurances from Spanish
officers and Creole leaders of support, and
ho was counseled by them to bring with hini
the loved ones, and nature's holiest emblems onl four bundred mcn; Thc place of land
Siuce tho declension of Gen. Quitman,
whose card to the State Rights party will be
found in another place, the name of Senator
Davis is currently used as a candidate for
Governor against Gen. Foote. Whether
Senator Davis will consent to such an arrange
ment seems to be somewhat uncertain, altho'
from present intimations we fear that he will,
since the Holly Springs Jaclcwn ian already
speaks as "by authority." ' If he should do
soj it will inevitably be a clear case of un
necessary self .sacrifice. . We shall await the
result of his decision before we offer any
.comments upon the.mcrits of such a contest
have been planted by the hands of affection.
We are glad to sec this appropriate place pre
pared by the energy and activity of the Or
der, whose motto is to "Bury the dead," as
it gives to thc citizens of our town a place of
interment secure from thc rude hands of thc
spoiler or the ravages of the brute creation,
The ownership of the ground secures a per
petual care and atteution to the keeping of
it in a proper condition, as the duty of its
preservation devolves upon an institution that
i perpetual, and an ample fund for that pur
pose is set apart from the proceeds of the
sale of the lots. A portion of the ground
is laid off fortheu.se of the public and those
who wish to purchase lots would do well to
make immediate application to the Trustees.
We hope those in the Order as well as those
out of it who have fots in the ground will as
early as possible improve each his own and
that the coming Spring will be the time when
every one interested will come forward and
adorn each his spot of holy ground with such
. r .1 : . i 11 . . .1. ' A.' : ' ' !- V
opoui.rj ut in. iaim.au wou.u 1 mar-e uw , r, ' f Mi ltnA teff-Wo. h.-.vn fromiontlv rw.Vti ,,f Mn.r8
ehrmnel.sof trade, by divcrMfying tho pro-, ,Uvc (lirt r,prc,sentatives ' of tho i Leonard Scott & Co.'s (N. Y.) republication
Ul Iai,u 1'-" j power 01 i.,r panisi, majesty, wn aiu not, of B1.lokwoo(1-S Maiazine; and of the Wi shrubbery and flowers as shall throw around
Many prod tie's which initht easily be raised 1 seem to reu.U it much. j, T, , . . , , . .. , , . . . . , - .,
md e,u' 1 th n bo i- o-d d.-,iaT,d will rtJ ' At a late hmr last night it was officially !lon Ivbnburgh,. orth British and West-the place a charm to raise themmd from the
' . ; - ' ' . i announced in the city that Lojk z was to be i mmstcr Quarterly .Reviews.-- The whole of , thought 'of death as a "King of Terrors," to
' - 4 t "j executed this morning, and at daybreak : them are sent by L.S. & Co. for SI 0. We the more pleasing reflection that he does but
money at all. All these would primarily crowds were to be seen wending their w:iy;iavc r(ceived fmui the publishers. Black- 'open thc portals of another existence and that
towaras trie small lort oi me J un a, out, ,uc ; wf!)d aml - EHwh rt.view fnr Juiv and amid these beauteous "scenes linger the spirits
of the walls, at the entrance of. the harhor, i - . - -i v.. , J ... ; tf A, , , . . . , . ,,
and directly opposite -the 31 oro Castle. I i 1,iust .it'thc publishers contribute great-,of the loved, ones that have passed to the
ly to the dissemination or standard literature, ueiier.iana
find their way here, be bought up here, and
forwarded to the larger market. This would
mv.- 1 v..-rit"f 7 find mir tr. hot 1,1
. ... . ., , homed in the stream, and, on neanng th
soon net like a charm upon the crowth and :. . . '. ' i
i1'1 b es juiuiuu wuvtu wcru see
prosperity of the town.
So much for the trade west. From Ala
1 un i y..u v. ju! 1 draw hither a much larger
trade than now. The planter of the border
count: would not delay their cotton for the
uncertain rise of the Warrior and Bigby.
'obimbus would become a tolerable market
itself, aud the planter would prefer hauling
here, for he would then have three chances of
.satisfactorily disposing of his crop, where he
now has but one. There would be tho cer
tiinfy of sending it at once to Mobile by rail
road tho opport unity of selling for remuner
ative prices here, and third the chance of a
ri-c in thc rivers. Thc supplies for a large
portion of these counties would either be pur
chased hero or be brought through here, and
the greater portion of their Mobile travel
would seek the railroad."'" Tho'.cohipTetion of
the railroad would largely increase the pop
ulation, ami that increase1 would bci 'princi
pally of the class most beneficial to the trade
of tho town. Even during its construction,
thc road would bring a large and profitable
trade hither." There would bo the supplies
of thc hands and teams at work upon it, to
be furnished, and a hundred other means of
trade jrrowiiiir out of this. In this trticlo I
have spoken mostly of the merchant; what I
have .said would prove equally true to the me
chanic and tho artisan : what benefits one
clasa of a community iu a measure benefits
all. On this howerer, I have not time to en
large. '; ' "" " V :" " . "
Again what is to prevent Columbus from
becoming a large' manufacturing ' town?
With speedy and uninterrupted aeoctw to a
gvd market, iu a comparatively healthy "re
gion, and Surrounded by au abundance of the
raw m i'cr'ul, it would j'eeiii, tb.v" Ma'uafactu
riug m'li't be conducted here with 'reat a'd
vAntxigo and prollt. ".' " ' " .
I cjiac now briefly to cxatiiine the i
encoof raiir'.-id'i uu.i:i town thru.: -1! v
to be assembled, many of whom had been
waiting for hours. The whole space be
tween the runta fort and the Carcel was
filled with troops, cavalry and infantry, who
formed an immense square, in the midst of
which was erected the scaffold, about twen- ing them' for so small an - outlay
ty iect nign, tnc top surrounaea oy a Daico-j .,,., -
... ... r 1'RANCE AM M'AIN. l ie rniic
by the republication of the above works, at ; We have been requested to say that appli
such a small price as to place them in the ! cation for lots should be made to. either of
hands of every reader. They deserve thanks, 1 the Trustees, W. L. Harris, A. E. Love, II.
and all wishing to read the above, should a-j Hale. '
vail themselves of the opportunity of procur- A plan of the ground may be seen at the
office" of Hale & Murdock.
thc carrota. This consisted of a small up-1 , ' -, , , , c, -
right post, at the back of which was an iron b:i,a"r :,t Madnd h?."ff T0" SP n
screw, with a long handle, and in front was j distance of France in protfttmu th. 1 iu of -Jr-
the fatal collar and the chain in which the
victim was seated. A short time after my
arrival, a procession of priests, with long
black caps, carrying a black flag or banner,
passed into the Funta, which was surrounded j
with soldiers, and about twenty minutes after-'
wards thc tolling of a bell r gave notice that
Lopez was approaching. ; The drums called
the soldiers to order, and the mournful pro
cession almost immediately entered the
square. The qucCrly dressed priests marched
first, after whom Came a detachment of the
soldiers who brought him iu, dressed in the
same duty clothes they: wore when they ar:
riycd, andin the midst, with a priest on either
sid,e, marched Nareisco Lopez. ,He was
dressed in a long white garment resembling
a shroud, with a hood which covered his head,
but did not conceal his features; Thc pro
cession moved slowly across the square to the
scaffold, and Lopez ascended, together with
a priest ana one or tvo oiacers. me negro
excutioner had preceded him. -
As well as I could see between the bayonets-of
the soldiers,- Lopez walked with a
firm step, and on reichmg the platform he
kneeled down whilar the priest . recited a
prayer. On rising, be took a cross in his
hand and kissed it repeatedly. .0 no of the
cCieerson thc scaffold then commanded silence
in a loud tone, and in an instant everything
was ns still as the graiT.. Lopez spoke for a
fCiy niTintos, but the square ' formed by the
sold icr.i v:asr,'so Jarpcathat it .was imp'.ssi: !e
to ui.,un"ai;!i what he said. Jlis oiee how
ever, sanded. cl'ir'atid- firni. He t1-"
Cuba atrainst invasit n.
" ' For the "Primitive Republican.".
Starkville, Sept. 16th, '51.'
Editor:--.:::-: -,'.: ?:: ' '' -
An article of mine in the last
number of -your paper, contained the pledge j
jeSTRobert C. Winthr p lias leen nomi- of the Southern Rights 'Association in this
nated 1 as a candidate for Governor, by the place witV comments thcreou: rThouyh not
Whig State Convention of Massachusetts., ' .,., nf t '"n't. h"t.inio th wi.WM writ.
t "e v. 'X - i r- ten,"yet I have siucu understood that Messrs.
Lewis of the North Mississippi In ion- n fJ '.' .- . , ,
has hoisted the names of Hon. II. S. Foote - , J , .
. y, . itt tv tv. i . any : such construction, as that placed upon
for President, and Hon. D. S; Dickinson of . . . 1T . r r.
Newr lork, for Vice President. - . 'i , ,. -. . . . , , v ., ,
X-Tuesday, says-the - Mobile AV.sr, i dieving that the construction placed upon it
seems to have bcen'high festival among the."1 U1' former communication is fairly dedu-
fishers, and a day of awful sacrifice among ; Clblc "om the language ot the pledge, and
the fins. At Sangaron's, Do River, Mr. tnc ..doctrines" of that party, yet since the
li: in little over an hour, took forty odd j most positive "declarations have been made,
Trout and one Red Fish.'-" But the whole-1 as 1 uiiderstand, to the contrary, I would not
saTe slaughter was at P. "::t Cbur. In three' wisu to hc considered as charging a princi
hours the boarders at that establishment! P1 83 od5os a tbat of political proscripthm
ing was indicated to Lopez by his Cuban
friends. Some say that there will be other
expeditions but I presume that there will
bo none, unless the Government chooses to
connive at them.
The patent for Phillip's Fire Annihilator,
was issued here more than a year ago. The
American Company just organized for its
manufacture and sale,' will' have an experi
ment next week in the Navy-Yard. A house
will be set on fire, ahd, while in flames, the'
Fire Annihilator will be applied. This ap
paratus, should it succeed, will be one of thc
greatest boons that science has ever given to
mankind' Our cities seem to be built only
to be burnt; and the Fire Companies have
become, in some of the large cities, almost
intolerable, by provoking riots and disorders.
The death of Justice Woodbury is much
lamented here. He jvas better known in
this city than any where else, in various of
ficial capacities, for twenty-seven years.
Every public station to which he was called,
hc filled with credit; and in his private char
acter, he was irreproachable. He was the
nominee of his own State for the Presidency.
1 It is said that the vacant place on the
Bench will be offered to Mr. Rufus Choatc
who certainly will not take it.
I hear that Mr. Choate, Mr. B. It. Curtis,
and Chief Justice Shaw;-all of Boston, are
spoken of for the' vacancy on the benchof
the Supremo Court. The appointment must
be made before the first of October next,
when the Circuit Court is to held in that cir
cuit."" :.; ' '"' 1" ; ' '"'-' ' '; , ,;.
The Cuba prisoners, it seems, censure
Gen. Lopez aud Mr. Sigur, of New Orleans.
But those persons were doubtless themselves
deceived, and as i the best proof of it the
former hazarded and lost his life, and the
latter his money, in the enterprize.
' The President, believing the prisoners to
have beeirinveigled into the expedition by
false representations, has interposed in their
behalf, as I informed you by telegraph yes
terday. - -
RESIGNATION OF' GEN. QTJTTUAN.
To the : Democratic':' State Eiyhts Parly of
. 1 JriLSsissijyn.
name as candidate for French Presidency.
Potatoe disease committing great ravages
in France, and is increasing in Ireland.
Negotiations between Denmark and Aus
tria have taken an unfavorable turn.
Thc Ottoman Porte has declared that Hun
garians cannot be released until January
1852. The U. SStcamer Mississippi there
to take them f o U. S.
Gen. Quitman having declined being a
candidate for Governor, we have run up
the name of COL. JEFFERSON DAVIS.
When Col. Davis, was in town yesterday
he consented to the use of his name in case
Quitman had Jcclinbd -consequently we are
acting advisedly iu this matter.
Jdccsonian. Sept, 11th
We feel very sure that Col. Jefferson Davis
will decline any tender now of the position
ofcandidate it is not only his right, but" it
is a duty he owes to his party, friends and
State. I hose gentlemen who now manifest
such determined zeal to fqrec him out, should
remember that there was a time when four-
fifths of the State'Rights party in Mississippi,
1 1 1 " : - 1 1 1 T '
ucsirca nis services, anu coma nave comman
ded them, had public sentiment been respec
ted. lhey were not unwarned of thc result
time and experience have saiict ified those
warnings, and we say to them now in their
and our tribulation, take heed for thc future,
and let your judgments, rather than your
personal leanings cool deliberation rather.
than sympathetic impulses, guide your f uture.
Southern Standard, bept, Id.
The News from Cuba.
caught the almost incredible number of elev
en hundred and eighty-eight trout. Of these,
one lady took. 140, another 137, and Mr. J.
M. T. had for his single spoil 370. r i
I j""The fall term of our Circuit ; Court
commenced on yesti I iy, llfn. F. 31. Rogers
on the B. acb, prcbi ling with bis usual grace,
ti:n.3olf in. ihV.ckjlf, the cxecu
J i!.,.,,lUt. r.m.l liia nCfik. 1.1
. . . i iVWW'-l t
.1 . T ' - .' ' f
i ii:a screw, aa iNarci.-co. x
was v.ha' his (',.. A - slisrht .convulsive
l i-! motion of tho hands was the - only mo e"nt
i .at 11 Leet n
t!.e timt.- i
v:.w of d:c
i? well as ever.
We did not
1 oldnes an J
I could perceive in t! hod',
It un-jin-i to ;
'e inj'irlou- i
-y ib:f:. '.'-
- 1 1.1 . :'
five to lb
upon men,, who expressly disavow it. i In fact,
I feel fully assured, t hat most of those, who
signed that pledge could never have done so
had they regarded it as containing a principle
so dangerous. And wbilj I think that thc
Association has been extremely unfortunate
in its selection of L" i.., yet, I am glad
to know, and I regard it but justice so to
state, that such construction is not sustained
by the Association.
Qui fur -reason
, pvj i,.
' "i the canvass f )r
c.i "y state, th .t
'ft' 1 1 ' '.ie "asdcciivj
i ;-'S 'be wroi -j
MR-TIGHT jIND INDESTUCTIBLE.
For protecting the Dead, for ordinary In
terment, for Vaults, for trantpotation,or
for any other desirable" olject.
: Price for Adult size $60, the smallest
size 320 including ontside wood case, Coffin
Plate engraved, and attendance. All sizes will
be kept constantly on hand and furnished at tha
shortest notice; also Wood Coffins to those who
cjesire them will be furnished on as jrood terms
as at any oilier establishment.' A Hersc can be
furnished if required - '
fept. IS, lSOl. J. WO,MELSDORFF.
N. B. An extra 'charge will be made where.
attendance is required in the country.
C0LUHUI7S k FEMALE INSTITUTE.
THIS Institution will commence its regular
session on Monday the 6th day rf, October
next, and the Trustees with confidence reconi-.
mend it to the liberal patronage .of tho pub'ic.
a? it will enter upon the fourth year of its exist
ence with prospects of increased success and
The services of Mr. N. II McCais, have been
engaged as Principal, a gentleman who gradua
ted with distinction at the University ot Jvorth
Carolina, and a native of that State.' :ind who is
in every way highly qualified to tnk j charge of
uch an institution, possessing not only all the?
requisites for suclr, a station, - as a: .scholar, but
bringing with Lira much experience, as a teach
er. The very best Assistants the country eat
afford will be brouglft to the aid of the Princi
pal. ' ' -. . ; . '
lhe importance of sustaining a lemnle semi
nary of high order in Columbus is, we belieVr
lelt and 'acknowledged by all; V e present the
Columbus Female Institute as admirably calcu
lated to supply this want, and therefore as wor
thy of all encouragement.
We have engaged able and accomplished in
structors ; the course of study is ful!, thorough
and finished; the" buildings mid grounds'" are
well adapted lor the purposes of a large Female
School; the location is healthful, pleasanl,'anif
retired, mid no exertions will be spared on the
part ot the i rustees to make it . one of lhe first
Institutions of the Southwest. To acromplisk '
this, we only invoke the patronage of n liberal'
public and those especially who feel an interest"
n losteringbouthern Institutions for the educa--
tioa of the rising generation. -
Utiles anT Regulations:
The scholastic year is divided into two sessions
of five months, commencing respectively- on the
ursi iuonuajr in vctooer anil .Luarcu.
No Pupil will be received fora shorterperiod
than one session, but can enter af anytime and
will be charged from the time of entrance. .
No deduction for tuition will be allowed, ex-' 1
cept.from continued sickness," and that, at the
discretion" of Yhe Principal. In deductions for
board, no fraction less than ha.ll a month will be
considered. - :Z . - .
It is the wish and recommendation of the
Trustees, that nil the pupils from abroad, should
board at the Institute. - . : . .
The Young Ladies who board in the Institute
will not be allowed to attend bals or parties, or
receive visits except relatives. Their expendi
tures and visits will also be supervised.
The tuition and board for each scholar will in
variably be required to be paid one half in ad
vance, the other half at the end of the session.
.t.v- 'TERMsr: "-''.-.-, ."
.... . . I.
Preparatory Department per session," $13
i ourtli Clas, per session,
Third Class, . " ' "
" First Class, " "
Languages, (each.) - -
Music on . the Piano or Guitar,
Use of Instrument for, practising,
. Drawing and Painting, - -
Ornamental Needlework, . . , .
Contingent Expenses, -
Board per Month (in luding lights,
. washing, bd and bedding.)
Young Ladies, boardu.j iu the Institute, must
,ntv all ovi f t .
e 1 all the y-UTi.
'.- : .', I -r.r-.'...v.
, V Oil - v. ;
u -i r
The-result of die, recent election for the
Convention, hovyever brought about, must be
regarded, at least lor tho present, as decisive
of the position e"or.tbe State and the great
issue involved.. .. . . , - . j , .:v
The majority have declared that they nre
content with the late aggressive measures of
Congress, and opposed to any remedial action
of the State. . .'. .": -
Although this determination of the people
is at variance with my fixed opinion of the
true policy of the State, heartofore expressed,
and still conscientiously entertained; yet as
a State Eights man, and a Democrat, I bow
in respectful submission to the apparent will
of the people. ';"', ' " ''Sl ' - ' : '
It is true the Stati has not vet snoken
authoritatively j" even the acts of the Convcn-
tion will not be binding until thev have been
rati.cd by a';votef t;,: people j but ty '
election of noii-resisters to tho Cc-y.
a majority of tho pr'cple have declare, v
the course of policy ou the 't Livery Uestio"
ishich' I deemed i--y duty ro' purine wL
Governor; ii;. ; j .icij'. 3
wlh'ilwiu. ...dt(.i In-ua whiv.aali
I l i .. . ......Illite.
vi t ., ;-jtWi thstanu.
' ' ' .'".tlnent m '
.1 J LiV.t Li i. I
ft iii c; ti. - ":. i '
It appears that, seeking to unite with Crit
knden, General Lopez unfortunately delayed
at Las Posas, that the Spanish troops, in the
meantime,, closed in upon him from Havana;
that the Creole population was ted to believe
that he was defeated, or seriously, if not hope
lessly, embarrassed, and that, losing men, and
expending incalculably valuable ammunition,
he kept up the desperate contest. Jb amine
pressed . upon the war-worn band. Unused
to long marches,: unprovided with provisions
out of ammunition, after three or four severe
engagements with the well-appointed troops
of fcpam, they were forced, to separate and
-i.i- it.. i miM l r "
setK. eaieiy m.uie luuuuiains. iuuncr nun-, furnish their own towels;" and. every article or
gcr ana uiooa-iiounus inc iauer.lurnisnea;ciotning raust be distinctly marked with, the
by the recreant Creole population,) tracked VCT 3 iamo.
them, , and they fell, almost unresistingly,! GEORGE R. CLAYTON,
into the hands of treacherous Creoles and; r 7 p!e9"lent f Board of Trustee.
Spanish ,oldiery. , . , ... C. ... V . mVV185LL.;
A few faithful adherents remained by Lopez,; PickeSTiUe, Ala Teiale Institute. "
until at his solicitation and urged by., tbe 0 R. BRADSHAW A. M. PrincipaL'
pressure of hunger, the Cuban patriot, weak, ! . 1
wearied, fainting wiikhungcr, wasting under' T?!S!""e5 of )" InsiUf !?n T11 Vth
' i i i , i "Tnlrcorps of weil qualified Teachers be re
a severe wound, remained alone, and lay down ; gUtned on Monday 6th of Octobek. - Catalogues
careless whether rest or death came. ' The ' containing every necessary information with re-
Spanish bloodhound was upon his path : and, sPe"to !erm9 ,4tc - 'ca be had by applying
tv j j i.- "' . -i-v i a o ' i to the principal or the board of Triiec
the dog and his master, Don Antonio Santos , v .. .. , jajifs m bfCKETT -' -
Castaneda,(fit allies !) captnred the feeble and '" --i're : i 0f tbe Board,
starving chieftain. ; ; . ' K SePu2nd, 1851, 21 a. ' ,
A. .1 - If it i - .11 TT 1 1 : '
ai me news vi mis capture, an iiaau mv r-f, T
flamed forth in loyalty : and excitement., .7r,. , rf . f , ''
lionfires were lit, feu dejmes were trca, rork-1 -t
t,r d- nr,,! n -tiiTnnrniisnonuLee! fl motion of E.. P. Odi:
, . .J . , - . .. V- members of the Board tl
maue me weiKin ring whu s-ui'um. .
- Upon the night of August 31st, the captive
was brought to Havana, and the sun, of Sep
tember 1st rr so c: " the morning of : his
execution "The tea ."old on "which was the
garote, was surrounded by thousands of troops i,as presided
formin" a deep square. Into that thousands ! vation to thatl
of tho r"I ''ibace looking on, Lopez passed
He was dad in a long shroud and white hood
' "3 CcTity.
i l. rA. '-.
spoke a" few words," declaring'the honesty
as purpose and 'his love -for Cuba, was
placed in " the fatal chair, tbs" screw turned,
na -xar "co iiCpcz was be!
one- f the
lutions were adopted, to-wjt : -
" Whereas, A. G. Weir, E- t .. '' the Press,.-r.t
of this Board ha resigned his o..iOe end is about
to remove from our county, tl . lore Resolved
that the thanks of this Board l,c unbred to 1 dirt
lor the able and dignified mani c r-in vLich lie-
over our deliberat'.o;.- iiiite Lis c!e-
5 i uuon to mat important station, in im rerpovaf
our county will lose a vigilant, i:Lf! an i i ft-
ccnt offic-r and tl. ce"1 .;ty a good citizcii:"'
Iii sever. ng the ties that L. bound Llm. for so
many years to us, he has the consolation of car
rying -with him the wannest wishes of a whole
ecramus.Jty for the baoiuness and moneritv cf
L i r :
t o b r
vtbiO ricf but brill:,; -t.-tn
the cowardly Creoles "-;
I hey were tooc.)"":
-a a co
'V. r- i
t-c Clerk cf tUTEonrd far-
r ' ' " - - ' a Our lait; Fres
' upon r
. .... .. ; i. .i y h--t r. -o .
'.' '. ascfi r , iu
n t' 'T-- rf ' " i.
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