OCR Interpretation


The weekly Corinthian. (Corinth, Miss.) 1894-19??, July 31, 1897, Image 2

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065046/1897-07-31/ed-1/seq-2/

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ot
for
they
and
the
-Changes That Have Been
-Agreed Upon by Con
ference Committee.
per
the
per
In
be
on
tion
of
per
two
ad
and
'The Differences Between the House
and öenate Are Very Clear
ly Explained,
Mr. Dinffley States the Amount u.'
Revenue That Is Expected to
Be Realized.
The Conference Bill as Passed by
the House and Sent to
the Senate.
for
V«il Text of tine Su «rar Schedule -
Analysis of the Whole Rill as
Finally Agreed Upon.
of
and
of
not
Washington, July 20.—The tariff bill
was pushed through the conference
•tage yesterday after two houi's' dis
cussion before the full conference com
■aittee —democrats and republicans.
The democratic conferees offered
amendments to the report, but were
met) with the statement that it would
merely consume time to urge amend
ments, as they would be rejected.
Mr. Wheeler (deni., Ala.) offered
•mendments placing cotton bugging
•nd cotton ties on the free list; also a
substitute proposition for rebates on
these articles. These and other amend
ments were withdrawn; however, as
■there was no prospect of favorable ac
tion on them.
Seven
fSxpeotcd.
As to the question of revenue to be
raised by the bill, Mr. Dingley, in his
•peeeh, pointed out the difficulty re
■ulting from the large anticipatory im
portations. The bill next year, he cal
culated, would raise $225,000,000, $75,
100.000 more than the present law.
tVver $40,000,000 had been lost in this
gear's revenues by the importations of
wool and sugar and other things, the
duty on which was raised in the bill,
ao that he calculated that the bill this
year would raise $185,000,000.
New Sonar Schedule.
In
or
ad
ed
The rull text of the sugar schedule as
tinxlly agreed upon by the house and sen
ate conferees is as follows:
"Sugars not above No. 16 Dutch standard
ta color tank bottoms, sirups of cane juice,
naeiada, concentrated melada, concrete,
led concentrated molasses, testing by the
polartscope not above 75 degrees, .95 per
pound, and for every additional degree
abovn by the polariscope test .035 of one
«ent per pound additional, and fractions of
«.degree In proportion: and on sugar above
V*. Dutch standard in color, ajnd on all
«agar which has gone through a process of
refining. 1.55 cents per pound; molasses
testing above 40 degrees, and not above 56
degrees. 3 cents per gallon; testing 56 de
grees ar.d above, 6 cents per gallon; sugar
drainings and sugar sweepings »hall be
•abject to duty as molasses or sugar, as
the case may be, according to polariscopic
test. Provided, that nothing herein con
tained shall be so construed as to abrogate
er In any manner impair or affect the pro
visions of the treaty of commercial recipro
city concluded between the United States
«Ad the king of the Hawaiian islands on
January 30, 1875, or the provisions of any
«et of congress heretofore passed for the
«Execution of the same/*__
Daty
The conference restored the house rate of
TO per cent, on sugar cane. Saccharine is
made $1.50 per pound and 10 per cent, ad
valorem.
Hie confectionery paragraph is changed
-to read as follow's:
"Stigar candy and all confectionery not
specially provided for in this act,
valued at 15 cents per pound or less,
and on sugars after being refined when
tinctured, colored, or in any way adulter
sated. 4 cents per pound and 15 per cent,
«ad valorem; valued at more than 15 cents
.per pound, 50 per cent, ad valorem. The
weight and the value of the immediate cov
erings, other than the outer packing case
or other covering, shall be included in the
(dutiable weight and the value of the mer
chandise."
The republican conferees also made pub
lic a statement concerniing the conference
report in which it reviewed the changes
made. Of sugar the abatement says:
"The house differential between raw and
refined sugars and the general features of
the house schedule are preserved, and the
«enate amendments Increasing the differ
ential to one-fifth and providing for a re
duction of one-tenth of the duty on raw
augans not above 87 degrees, which would
have given a duty of 1.39 on 88 degree
«ugar and only 1.26
aure not adopted.
Sogar Cane.
87 degree sugar
Beet Snunr.
**In deference to the wishes of those in
terested in beet sugar production, that the
nate rate of 1.95 cents on refined sugar
night be retained as an increased oneour
«yement to this Industry, the duty on raw
«ugara i-s Increased .OVVfe cenits, so as to
make the increase on them'the same as the
Increase on refined sugar, and thus leave
the differential between naw sugar and re
fined the same aa in the house bill. And to
meet the objection which has been urged
that the house rates on low grade raw
«ugar show a higher ad valorem than those
on the higher grades the duty on 75 degree
«ugar is reduced .05 cent and then the duty
per degree increased regularly from .03
eent (as proposed In the house 'bill) to .03*4
«tnt. In order to raise the duty on raw
«ugara the same as on refined.
"By this arrangement the duty
«ugara of 100 degrees purity is nal-sed from
1-75 cents (as proposed originally by the
house) to L82% cents, and the duty
lined sugar is raised from 1 . 87*4 cents (as
proposed originally by tbo house) to 1.95
-cents, thus giving the sajne differential of
cent be tween ra»w and refined sugar at
thin point as was originally given by the
'fcoune.
"Am this arrangement will Increase the
«OTsnue over $2,000.000 and at the same
tfms give additional encouragement to the
production of sugar fcn this country, it is
< t fc«u g hc to be & desirable consummation."
Wool.
The changes in tho wool schedule made in
conference leave the duties on disputed
Items as follows:
Paragraph 354—The duty on wools of the
*r»t class, which shall be imported washed,
«ball be twice the amount of the duty to
Which they would be subjected imported
unwashed: and the duty on wools of the
$lr«t and second classes which shall be im
ported scoufed shall be three times tho
«otr to which they would be subjected If
tta«oru>d unwashed. The duty on wools
ra w
on re
ot the third claes, if imported in condition |
for Use in carding or spinning into yams,
which ghall not contain more than eight per
cent, of dirt or other foreign substance,
shall be three times the duty to which
they would otherwise be subjected. The
first
conference restored the house rates
and second class wool.
Paragraph 358—On
rools of the third
class and on camel's hair of the third class,
the value whereof shall be 12 cents
les«
per pound, the duty shall be four cents per
pound.
Paragraph 359—On wools of the third
class and on camel's hair of the third class
the value whereof shall exceed 12 cents per
pound the duty shall be seven cents per
pound.
Paragraph 3G2—Shoddy, 25 cents per
pound; on oils, wool extract, yarn waste,
thread waste, and all other wastes, com
posed wholly or in part of wool, and not
specially provided for in this act, 20 cents
per pound.
Paragraph 365—On yarns made wholly or
In part of wool valued at not more than 30
cents per pound the duty per pound shall
be 2Yt times the duty imposed by this act
on one pound of unwashed wool of the first
class; valued at more than 30 cents per
pound, the duty shall be 3V4 times the duty
imposed by this act on one pound of un
washed wool of the first class; and in addi
tion thereto, upon all the foregoing, 40 per
cent, ad valorem.
Paragraph 367—On blankets and flannels
in part
of wool valued at no more than 40 cents
per pound the duty per pound shall be the
same as the duty Imposed by this act on
two pounds of unwashed wocl of the first
class and In addition thereto 20 per cent,
ad valorem; valued at more than 40 cents
and not more than 50 cents per pound, the
duty per pound shall be three times the
duty imposed by this act on one pound of
unwashed wool of the first class and In ad
dition thereto 35 per cent, ad valorem.
On blsmkets composed wholly
for underwear, composed wholly
In part
of wool valued at more than 60 cents per
pound the duty per pound shall be three
times the duty Imposed by this act on one
pound of unwashed wool of the first class
and In addition thereto 40 per cent, ad valo
rem. Flannels, composed wholly or In part
of wool valued at above 50 cents per pound
3hall be classified and pay the same duty as
women's and children's dress poods, coat
linings, Italian cloths, and goods of similar
character and description provided by this
act; provided, that on blankets over three
yards in length the same duties shall be
paid as on cloths.
Paragraph 370—On clothing, ready made,
ar.d articles of wearing apparel of every
description, Including shawls, whether
knitted or woven, and knitted articles of
every description made up or manufact
ured wholly or In part, felts not woven and
not specially provided for In this act, com
posed wholly or In part of wool, the duty
per pound shall be four times the duty Im
posed by this act on one pound of un
washed wool of the first class and In addi
tion thereto 60 per cent, ad valorem.
Schedule on Carpets.
Paragraph 372 — Aubusson, Axmlnster,
Moquette and Chenille carpets, figured or
plain, aind all carpets or carpeting of like
character or description, 60 cents per
square yard, a/nd, in addition thereto, 40
per cent, ad valorem.
Paragraph 373—Saxony, Wilton and Tour
nay velvet
carpets or carpeting of like character or
description, 60 cenlts per square yard, and,
In addition thereto, 40 percent, ad valorem.
Paragraph 374—Brussels carpets, figured
or plain, and all carpets or carpeting of like
character or description, 44 cents per square
yard, and, in addition thereto, 40 per cent,
ad valorem.
Paragraph 375—Velvet and tapestry vel
vet carpets, figured or plain, printed on the
warp or otherwise, and all carpets or car
peting of like character or description, 40
cents per square yard, and, in addition
thereto, 40 per cent, ad valorem.
Paragraph 376—Tapestry Brussels carpet,
figured or plain, and all carpets or carpet
ings of like character or description print
ed on the warp
square yard, and, in addition thereto, 40
per cent, ad valorem.
Paragraph 377—Treble Ingrain, three ply,
and all chain Venetian carpets, 22 cents per
square yard, and, in addition thereto, 40
per cent, ad valorem.
Paragraph 378—Dutch wool and two-ply
carpets, 18 cents per square yard, and, in
addition thereto, 40 per cent, ad valorem.
Wood.
rpets, figured or plain, and all
otherwise, 28 cents per
The following was substituted for the
hewn timber:
the
The following was substituted for the
paragraph on hewn timber:
"Timber hewn, sided, or squared (not
less than 8 Inches square), and round tim
ber used for spars or In building wharves,
one cent per cubic foot."
The paragraph relating to sawed boards
ar.d planks was amended by striking out
the words "white pln'e" a't 11 per 1,000
Met and by restoring the house rate
on alt the other Items of the schedule,
making the rates 60 cents per 1,000 feet for
each side planed or finished, $1 for
tongued or grooved, and $1.50 If planed on
two «ides and tongued and grooved. The
legislative proviso to this paragraph In
serted by the senate was changed eo as to
read as follows; "That If any country or
any dependency Shall Impose an export
duty upon saw logs, round manufactured
timber, stave bolts, shingle bolts, or head
ing bolts, exported In the United Scates,
a discriminating charge upon boomstlcks
or chains used by American citizens in tow
ing logs, the amount of such export duty,
tax, or other charge, as the case may be,
shall be added as an additional duty to the
duties Imposed upon the articles men
tioned in this paragraph when imported
from such country or dependency."
Fence posts
cent, ad valorem. The house rate of 30 per
cent, ad valorem is restored on casks and
barrels, sugar box Shooks, etc.
The house rate of'two cents per thousand
and 15 per cent, ad valorem Is restored on
toothpicks, as is the house rate of 40 cents
per thousand upon butchers' skewers.
Tobacco.
per
It
at
two
per
a
reduced from 20 to 10 per
55
5
The conference accepted the senate rate
and language on wrapper and filler to
bacco, except that the rate
bacco was made $1.85 per pound instead of
$1.75. Thehouse rate on imported cigars, cig
arettes, etc., of $4.50 per pound and 25 per
cent, ad valorem was restored.
The senate made the rate $4 per pound
and 25 per cent, ad valorem. There were
no other changes in the schedule on im
ported tobacco.
wrapper to
of
at
is
in
the
to
the
im
tho
If
Silk.
The conference accepted paragraph 286
aa amended by the sonate v/lth the addi
tion of the words "or plush" before ribbons
in the first line, makine plush ribbons duti
able at $1.50 per pound, and 15 per cent, ad
valorem.
Paragraph 387. relating- to woven silk fab
rics, was accepted as amended by the
senate, except that the rate on cloth other
than black dyed In the thread or y
weighted in the dyeing so as to exceed the
original weight of the raw silk was changed
from $2.25 per pound to $2.60 per pound, and
that on cloth dyed or printed in the piece
from $3.25 to $3.50.
•n and
w
Cotton.
Paragraph 391, relating to manufactures
of silk, Is changed so as to modify the de
scription of Jacquard figured goods by pro
viding that they shall be "made on looms,"
and that they should be "dyed in the yarn
and contain two or more colors in the fill
ing." The rate is left at 60 per cent ad
lorem.
Paragraph 802, .In relation to cotton
thread and carded yarn, was amended by
the conference so as to provide that thread
colored, bleached, combed, etc., so as to
be advanced beyond the condition of
singles by grouping or twisting of two or
more single yarns, on all numbers exceed
ing 20, aud up to 30. are made dutiable at
one-quarter of a cent per number per
pound, and on threads of the same class
numbering 80 and above, three-tenths of
a cent per pound per number. In tbo
original house bill there was no division as
to numbers, all being made dutiable at the
rate of three-tenths of a cent per num
ber per pound. Tbe senate left the house
rate of three-tenths of a cent on the first
| division, and provided an ad valorem of
60 per cent. c.*i tne second.
A portion of that port of paragraph 315
relating to plushes, velvets, etc., which was
stricken out by the senate, was inserted,
though in changed form. The insertion is
a proviso to the effect "that corduroys com
posed of cotton
weighing
yard shall pay a duty of 18 cents per square
yard and 25 per cent, ad valorem."
In paragraph 320 the senate amendments
are all accepted, except that reducing the
rate on cotton suspenders and braces from
45 to 40 per cent, ad valorem. The para
graph inserted by the senate ( 201 %) pro
viding for an addi/tlomal duty of 10 per cent,
ad valorem on all cotton yarns finer than
No. 10 single and
of such yarns, was stricken out by the con
ference.
1 other vegetable fiber
•en ounces
over per squa
all manufactures made
Agrlcnl tarai.
Raw cotton, which the senate made
dutiable at the rate of 29 per cent, ad val
orem, was restored to the free list.
Paragraph 218, relating to cattle, as it
passed the senate, was changed somewhat
as to rates, $3.75 being fixed as the rate on
cattle valued at not more than $14 per head,
instead of $3.50, while a rate of 27*4 per cent,
ad valorem was fixed
cattle of a greater
value, instead of 25 per cent. In the senate
amendment.
The difference between the two houses
on beans was compromised, being made 45
cents per bushel.
The duty on seeds not specially provided
for was made 30 per cent., the senate rate
being 25 and the house rate 40 per cent.
The paragraph in regard to packed fish
was amended as fixed by the senate, so as
to be made to a-pply specially to fish in
packages.
I'a.nagraph 261 was amended so as to spe
cifically provide that fresh mackerel, hali
but or salmon should be dutiable at the
rate of one cent per pound, as well as the
pickled or salted article.
Dried Fruits.
Paragraph 262 In regard to apples, etc.,
was amended so as to omit currants, and
the house rate of 2 cents per pound on such
dried l^uits as apples, peaches, pears, and
berries prepared In any manner was re
stored.
The grape paragraph was altered so as to
require the payment of 20 cents per cubic
foot "of the capacity of the barrels or
packages."
Orange and lemon peels preserved and
cocoanut meat, etc., were restored to the
house rate of 2 cents per pound.
On pineapples the senate rate was re
tained.
On unshelled filberts and walnuts the
house rate of 3 cents per pound prevailed,
while on shelled filberts and walnuts the
senate rate of 6 cents per pound was sus
tained.
The conference struck out the senate
amendment providing for a duty of 2 cents
per pound on dead game ond game meats.
Paragraph 282, .relating to cocca, was
amended by leaving out cocoanut oil.
ul Wines.
The conference made but one change In
the schedule relating to spirits, wines, etc.,
proper.
The senate rate of 30 cents per gallon on
still wines containing less than 14 per cent,
of absolute alcohol In packages was changed
to 40 cents per gallon. The house rate was
60 cents.
The rates on mineral waters were com
promised, being made 20 cents per dozen on
pint bottles, 30 cents per dozen on quart
bottles. House rate of 40 cents and the
senate rate of 24 cents.
Chemicals.
Spirit»
The conference struck out the senate rate
paragraph relating to tartrate of soda and
potash and partly refined argols and re
stored the house paragraph.
There was a compromise on white lead
at 274 cents per pound.
The house paragraph in règard to oxide
of zinc and white paint was restored.
There was a general change of rates cm
lead, white acetate of lead being fixed at
3*4 cents per pound, brown, gray, or yellow
at 2 % cents, nitrate at 2 * 4 , and litharge at
204 cents per pound. These were generally
compromises between the rates of the two
houses.
Phosphorus was compromised at 18 cent 3
per pound.
The house rate on sulphur was restored.
The senate made an amendment to the sul
phur paragraph allowing crude brimstone
to come in at 60 cents per ton, but the con
ference struck this out, including this ar
ticle In the $8 rate, as originally fixed by
the house.
Paper.
On mechanically ground wood pulp the
house rate of one-twelfth of one cent per
pound, dry weight, was restored.
The paragraph In regard to printing pa
The paragraph In regard to printing pa
per was entirely rewritten. As amended
It is as follows:
"Printing paper, unsized, sized, or glued,
suitable for books and newspapers, valued
at not above two cen'ts per pound, three
tentlhs of a cent per pound; valued above
two cents and not above two and a half
cents per pound, four-tenths of one cent
per pound; valued between two and a half
and three cents per pound, five-tenths of
a cent; valued between three and four
cents, six-tenths of a cent; valued between
four and five cents, eight-tenths of e cent:
valued above five cents, 15 per cent, ad
valorem."
There is also a proviso exacting an addi
tional duty of one-tenth of a cent per
pound for each dollar of export duty per
cord Imposed by any country exporting
wood pulp to the United States.
Llthogranhlc Prints.
There are numerous changes in the para
graph relating to lithographic prints. The
rates on such prints on paper not exceed
ing 8-1,000 of an Inch In thickness Is
duced from the senate rate of 25 cents
pound Co 20 cents.
The next classification
re
per
covers paper
ranging from 35 to 400 square inches, fixing
the rate at 8 cents per pound.
For pa
per exceeding 400 square inches a rate of
55 per cent, ad valorem Is fixed. The sen
ate rate on prints Is reduced from 10 to
5 cents and on lithographic from 9 to 6
cents.
"Book 8 for children's use containing 11
luminated lithographic prints not exceed
ing in weight 24 oynces each, and all book
lets and fashion magazines or periodicals,
printed In whole or in part by lithographic
process or decorated by hand, 8 ccnt 3 per
pound."
The senate rate of 20 cents por pack.and
20 per cent, ad valorem fixed on playing
cards was reduced to 10 cents per pack and
20 per cent. tAl valorem.
Internal Revonne.
The internal revenue tax amendment re
lating to cigars and cigarettes made by the
senate was changed to read as follows:
"On cigars of all descriptions weighing
more than three pounds per 1,000, $3 per
1,000, on cigars made of tobacco or any sub
stitute weighing not
more than three
pounds per 1,000, $1 per 1,000; on cigarettes
made of tobacco or any substitute weigh
ing more than three pounds per 1,000, $3 per
1,000; on cigarettes weighing not more than
three pounds per 1,000. $1 per thousand."
The senate amendment providing for a
tax on stocks and bonds was stricken out.
Metals.
The house rate of 8-10th of
a cent per
pound was restored on round Iron of less
than 7-1G of an inch in diameter and bars
or shapes of rolled or hammered iron not
specially provided for.
The house rate
iron tn slabs, blooms,
etc., less finished than Iron in bars and
more advanced than pig Iron was also
stored.
The rate on Iron bars, billets, etc., in the
manufacture of which charcoal ts used as
fuel, was made specifically it $12 per ton.
In paragraph 127 the senate rate of 1 2-10
cents per pound or Iron or steel anchors
was increased to lVi cents per pound, the
house rate. The other amendments to the
paragraph,„made by the senate were
cepted.'
Fafa graph 12
re
auc
Spreads as follows:
"Hoop or banllttron, or hoop or band
steel'-cut to lengths or wholly or portly
^ufac.turcd Into hoops or ties, coated or
coated with pafçt or any other prepara
tion, with or without buckles or fastenings.
ma
rot
/
on
the
on
in
Dor baling cotton or any other commodity,
&-10 of a cent per pc^nd."
Steel Halls.
On railway bars, T rails, and punched
steel flat rails the conference re
stored the house rate of 7-20 of a cent. On
railway fishplates the senate rate of 4-10
cent per pound stands.
Paragraph 132 providing for an
duty of 2-10 of a cent per pound on iron and
steel sheets or plates, galvanized or coated.
ras made to
of
one
extra
was allowed to stand, but
apply only to "zinc spelter or other metals,
or any alloy of these metals."
The house rate of 2 cents per pound was
restored on polished or planished sheets of
iron or steel. On taggers' iron or steel, tin
plates and terne platos the house rate of
lVk cents per pound was restored. The
receded from Its proviso that the
house
benefit of the drawback provision in sec
tion 24 shall not apply to articles manu
factured in this country from Imported
tinplates, etc.
The conference amended the proviso to
paragraph 136 relating to wire rods uo as to
make it read as follows:
"That all wire or steel rods which have
been tempered or treated in any manner or
partly manufactured shall pay an addi
tional duty of one-half of one cent per
pound."
There were several changes In the para
graph relating to iron and steel wire.
Cutlery.
Changes I
In the paragraph relating to cutlery there
as but one change from the senate sched
ul
The conference made material changes
from both the senate and house rates on
shotguns, both in classification and rates
of duty.
On wheels for railway purposes a com
promise makes the duty 1^4 cents per
pound and 1*4 cents on ingots, blooms,
etc. Aluminum, in crude form, was made
dutiable at 8 cents and in plates at 13 cents
per pound.
The rate on Dutch metal was made 6
cents per package of 1G0 loaves.
The language and rates of the senate
amendments of the paragraph in relation
to lead ore were accepted without change,
but lead in pigs was made dutiable at 2%
cents per pound, instead of 2 cents, as fixed
by the house, and 2V4 cents as fixed by the
senate.
The senate rates on mica were advanced,
those on the unmanufactured article being
fixed at 6 cents per pound and 20 per cent,
ad valorem, those on cut mica at 12 cents
per pound and 20 per cent, ad valorem.
The rate of 6 cents a pound on nickel, as
provided by the house, was restored.
Dar tli on ware.
on
in
The senate language in paragraph 88 , re
lating to tiles, is retained, except that the
requirements that the tiles shall be for
floors and walls is stricken out. The house
rates were restored on Portland, Roman
and other cements.
Paragraph 91, relating to gypsum, was
amended so as to read as follows:
"Plaster rock or gypsum, crude, 60 cents
per ton ; if ground or calcined, £2.50 per ton ;
pearl hardening for papermakers' use 20
per cent, ad valorem."
The paragraph delating to pumice stone
was totally changed, the rate being made
$(» per ton on the manufactured article and
15 per centum ad valorem on the unmanu
factured.
The house paragraph relating to clays
and earths was adopted, and the house
rates on dried asphaltum and bitumen. On
fuller's earth the rate was fixed at $1.50
per ton on the unmanufactured article and
$3 per ton on that which has been manufac
tured.
The house rate on undecorated rocking
ham earthenware, paragraph 94, was re
stored.
In the next paragraph, relating to china,
the house provision including clock cases,
with or without movements, was restored,
making the duty 60 per centum ad va
lorem.
The senate receded from its amendments
to the rates on plain bottles, jars, etc.
Glass.
The paragraph (100) In regard to cut or
ornamented glass bottles was not changed
as to rates.
The conference restored the house rates
and language on unpolished cylinder,
crown and common window glass, but re
tained the senate rates and language on
polished cylinder and crown glass.
In the paragraph (103) relating to fluted,
rolled, ribbed, or rough plate gloss the sen
ate rates and language were retained ex
cept the house proviso to the effect
"thatall the above pllate glasswhen ground,
smoothed, or otherwise obscured shall be
subjected to the same rate of duty as cast
polished plate glass unsilvered."
The senate rates were retained on cast
polished plate glass, both unfinished and
silvered, as provided in paragraphs 104
and 105.
The house rate of 10 per cent, ad va
lorem, In addition to dther rates chargeable
on window, crown, cylinder, or plate
glasses where those glasses are bent,
ground, frosted, etc.. Is reduced to 6 per
cent.
The conference adopted the senate
amendments in paragraph 108 relating to
spectacles, eyeglasses, etc., with one
ception.
Paragraph 112, relating to stained or
painted glass windows, remains practical
ly as left by the senate.
The two houses compromised the rate on
freestone, granite, sandstone, unmanufac
tured or undressed, making it 12 cents per
cubic foot.
Flax.
The thread paragraph (330) Is a com
promise between the two houses, making a
duty of 13 cents per pound on threads made
from yarn not liner than five lea or num
mer, and t'hree-fourths cent per pound ad
ditional for each lea or number in excess
of five made from yarn finer than five lea
or number.
There la also a change In the next para
graph, relating to single yarns In the gray,
reducing the senate rate on yar
finer than 80 lea or number to 40 per cent,
ad valorem, which Is a compromise be
tween the two houses.
Floor mattlr.g 3 , which are taken from
the free list, where they were placed by
the senate, are made dutiable at 3 cents
per square yard where their value does not
exceed 10 cents per square yard, and at
7 cents per square yard and 25 per cent,
ad valorem where thoir value exceeds 10
cents per square yard.
Bags or sacks made from plain woven
fabrics and bagging for cotton, gunny
cloth and similar fabrics were taken from
the free list and the language of the house
practically restored In both Instances. On
bags the rate was made seven-eighths
cent per pound and 15 per cent, ad valorem.
The senate rate on handkerchiefs w
cepted.
not
ac
9
dries.
There were comparatively few dhanges
in the sundries schedule,
amendment on bituminous coals fixing the
rate of C7 cents per ton w
out Change.
The house rate of one cent per thousand
on loose matches was restored.
The house rates on haircloth
stored.
The senate rates an Jewelry were
tained.
The house provision In regard to dia
monds and other precious stones was re
stored.
Palnttngs, drawings and statuary were
again made dutiable at 20 per cent, ad
lorem.
The sena-te
a
accepted wlth
were re
re
va
the
as
2-10
the
the
Free List.
The following changes were made in the
free list:
The provision allowing cattle, horses
Sheep, or other domestic animals, straying
or driven across the boundary line of an
other country for pasturage purposes, to
be brought back free of duty Is modified so
as to continue this privilege for the speci
fied time of six months.
The conference restored to the free list
the house paragraph on books and engrav
ings Imported by authority of the United
States for the library of congress.
The paragraph relating to the free intro
duction of books, libraries and reason
able furniture of persons from foreign
countries was altered so as to provide that
re
auc
or
where they were not Introduced for sal*
they were to be allowed free
where they had not been »0 used for lees
than one year.
The conference restored the house pro
vision on camphor.
The following is the paragraph agreed
upon on anthracite coal in the freelist:
Anthracite Coal.
"Coal, anthracite, now especially pro
vided for in this act, and coal stores of
American vessels, but none shall be un
loaded."
Following is the paragraph agreed Upon
on coal tar in the free list:
"Coal tar, crude pitch of coal tar. and
products of coal tar known as dead or cre
osote oil, benzol, etc."
The conference restored raw cotton to
the free list.
The paragraph in regard to the free ad
mission of fish caught by American fisher
men was amended so as to include salmon
on the free list, which were especially ex
cepted by the senate bill, and as agreed
upon reads as follows:
"Fresh fish, frozen or packed in Ice,
caught in the great lakes or other fresh
waters by citizens of the United States."
On hide cuttings the house paragraph
was restored.
Manganese ore was restored to tlv» free
list, as was cocoanut oil.
The house phraseology of the paragraph
in regard to ores of gold, silver, etc., was
restored, which has the effect of making
free nickel and nickel matte.
The senate amendment making free
paintings, drawings and statuary was also
stricken out.
entrance
Reciprocity.
The reciprocity provision, as agreed to by
the conference, contains some of the feat
ures of both the senate and the house bills
on this subject.
It also contains some retaliatory meas
ures. It sets forth tts purpose to be that of
"equalizing the trade of the United States
with foreign countries exporting to this
country the following articles:
"Argols, or crude tartars, or wine lees
crude; brandies or other spirits manufact
ured or distilled from grain or other ma
terials; champagne or all other sparkling
wines; still wines and vermuth; paintings
and statuary."
The president is authorized to enter into
negotiations or commercial agreements in
which reciprocal concessions may be se
cured in favor of the products of the United
States. He is empowered to suspend by
proclamation the duties upon these articles
whenever equivalent concessions may lx
obtained, as follows:
"Argols, 5 per cent, ad valorem."
Brandies or other grain spirits, $1.75 per
gallon.
Champagne In bottles containing effie
quart, $0 per dozen; containing one pint,* $3
per dozen; containing one-half pint, $1.50
per dozen; containing more than one quart,
in addition to the $6 rate, $1.90 per gallon.
Still wines and vermuth, 35 cents per gal
lon, and other rates in proportion where
the goods are bottled.
Paintings, etc., 15 per cent, ad valorem.
The president is empowered to revoke the
concession when satisfied that the agree
ment is not adhered to in good faith by any
other country with which an agreement
shall have been made.
Retaliatory Clause.
What may be termed the retaliatory
clause of the provision is that which em
powers the president to suspend by procla
mation the provisions of this act providing
for the free introduction of coffee, tea,
Tonquin, or tonka beans, and vanilla beans
coming from any country which imposes
duties upon products of the United States
he may deem to be reciprocally unequal
and unreasonable. The rates which he is
thus empowered to fix are:
On coffee, 3 cents per pound; on tea, 10
cents per pound; on tonka beans, 50 cents
per pound; on vanilla beans, $2 per pound;
on cuts, $ 1 .
The president is required to act within
two years in securing these reciprocal
trade treaties, and they are to be submit
ted to the senate for its ratification.
Articles
20 per cent, in these treaties, and the presi
dent is specifically authorized to enter into
negotiations which will place certain
articles upon the free list for a specified
period of five years.
to be reduced to the extent of
WAS A "LEEMISH" CAR.
The Owl-Cur Passengers Finally
Foand Out.
He seemed painfully conscious of the
ludicrous figure he cut as he burst
through the wildly flapping curtains of
a north-bound, all-night ear aud
scraped himself into a seat which had
been neglected by the other occupants
on account of the sea of moisture which
it contained, llis face was belligerent
ly red and his widely-staring eyes, an
ticipating with maniacal vigilance any
tendency to laughter which his ap
pearance might provoke, blazed forth a
challenge to the entire car and success
fully dispelled the rising spirit of
jocundity.
The night was the most tempestu
ous of the present season, and in order
to escape the gusts of wind and water
that assailed the car from every direc
tion some of the "owls" had gathered
in the aisle, while others had perched
upon the backs oi seats, and some had
opened up their umbrellas. The con
ductor, with an air of intrepidity born
of a familiarity with situations of the
kind, passed to and fro among the pas
sengers collecting nickels. He was an
ideal "owl" conductor, bristling with,
a sense of his importance, and osten
tatiously indifferent to the comfort and
convenience of his guests.
"E:t ish leemish gharV" asked the
late wild-eyed arrival as the despot
jolted past.
The unintelligible gibberish met with
no response. Another block was passed
before the street car magnate came for
ward.
"E:! ish leemish ghar?" was repeated
somewhat petulantly by the Swede-
for he was now discovered.
Everyone but the autocrat seemed
buried in an effort to translate the jar
gon, and some even ventured so far
as to turn an inquiring eye up<Jg he
speaker. But the glances were q' * )y
withdrawn, for the glitter
placable hostility in those wH^xyes
had become intensified. SevevV more
blocks elapsed.
"Ez ish leemish ghar?"
And tliis time the potentate hac
stopped close by to take a fare.
"What?" snarled the latter, with
scornful intonation.
"Ez ish leemish ghar?"
For a moment there was a reflective
pause—his majesty was thinking.
"Limits car? Ves."
"Veil, vy don't you say so? 1 ask you
tray or four times."—Chicago Journal.
li
JuHt the Place.
Cobble—I've got one of the finest sub
urban homes you ever saw—solid
fort, old man.
Stone—That so?
oom
I'm thinking about
buying a suburban place myself.
Cobble—Then buy mine. — Brookltti
Uit.
FARM AND GARDEN.
BROAD TIRES AGAIN.
The Dei
and for Detter Ron«]*» Make»
Gratifying: I'rogreu,
The recent report on the
retasgftl
merits of broad and narrow tires by tha
agricultural experiment Btution at C«.
lumbia, Mo., will again eall attention
to this question so important to farm
ers. The advantage of brond tires i
obvious that the failure of farmer*
adopt them generally seems at ftm
sight strange. Eut there is a practical
reason for their apathy. When road»
are bad—and many roads, unfortunate
ly, are bad—the broad tire offers such
resistance that the vehicle
moved.
uso
to
cannot M
On the other hand, although
the narrow tire cuts deeply through th»
mud, it can be moved for that very
son, but, of course, with a great n.
penditure of strength on the part of tha
horse. For these reasons the averse*
farmer in a country where the road*
are frequently bad cannot be persuaded
to adopt the broad tire. A eonditioa
precedent, therefore, to the use of the
broad tire is the general improvement
of the roads, and ns that is a question,
of spending money, and often a good
deal of money, the argument in favor
of broad tires does not appeal to tha
farmer.
There are, however, many sign* that
the farmers are beginning to appre
ciate the great loss involved in the con
tinned use of narrow tires. And the
time is rapidly coming when they will
be convinced that the outlay f OT
thoroughly good roads would be
than offset by the saving in horseflesh
and wear and tear effected by the useof
broad tires,
about the matter at all will see thstnet
only could a much larger load be
ried on a good road with broad til»
on the vehicle, but it could be trans
ported much more quickly, and with
far less work on the part of the horset,
So good roads and broad tires are real
ly the most economical in the end,
though they may involve a comparât»
ly large initial expense. That is theu
gument that will finully come home U>
the farmers, who have thusrar been in
different to the question. And?; ' "
docs, the desired reform will be s
adopted.
Somewhat in the same line is the j
proposition to build steel roads for!
vehicles. But that plan would invoice
so great a departure from traditional!
ideas in regard to country toadp that it
is doubtful if it is feasible for the pres- j
ent. But an improvement in roadsfol-j
lowed by tlie genera) adoption cf broad j
tires for all vehicles would be a great*
step forward, aud would probably lead]
in time to the adoption of rails for alii
vehicles drawn by horses. Still furl
ther in the future looms up the posji-1
bilitv of propelling such vehicles by >1
motor, and then every road in thecoun-'j
try would be practically a railway.!
Visionary as some of these ideas mayl
seem, the great improvement of root* !
during the last few years show's that ttel
reform is making progres s«« , V, TfM
bune. I
more
Everyone who thinks
PM'

V
GOOD COUNTRY ROADS.
System Inder Which They Are M*i
t(lined In England.
The country roads in England a
well made, with deep foundations si
ample provision for drainage,
examples of the road-muker's art a
not be found anywhere else in I
■world. Scientific construction woi
not protect them, however, if they<
not receive constant supervision i
They are never allowed
Fin
a
he
)y
daily care,
get out of order.
The road-mender is always os I
ground, aud he is constantly at wo
Whenever he detects signs of wear
points where the water does not on
off rapidly after a heavy rain, hemei
the break by filling in a
broken flint, supplies of
stored by' the roadside every halft
He is a scavenger as well as a :
mender. He goes over the road l
day,, and removes everything W»
unsightly. Owing to his unremil
cure, the road is always free tM
ter, as well as in perfect repair.
There is no ditches at the sides; t
uo ragged ruts or pools of wl*
there are neither
harrow
which
are
the center;
nor stumps of trees, nor refus* J*«
ligure the roadway, and there isaN«
ly sense of tidiness aud
which is a source ol' delight toe« (
one passing over it.
The road-mender is hired tb k*
section of the roadway in OWjj
he neglects his work, a more fai
man is put in his place. 'There is*
inspector for every division of U*
ty, unci he has control of the
menders of his section. Thehffl|
acts under the direction of * 8,1
luittee of a latge committee of till
ty council.
An American expert estimât*
$40,000,000 is expended annually
United States on the highways WJ
material improvement from
the English obtain betterresuUg
er cost, it is because the off*
cure of their roads is a praoftj
of common sense, efficient loffi
They have good n'üds^*
they pay for them in local W
and insist upon having tbeWfJ
order. With the same pujuat*H
American country roads COP«
to minister to the comfort Ml
of rich nnd poor alike.—
panion. ]
)
/
re
«°n
ro **
!? cle
pt
* he
jjj*
SW
ment.
li
Hose B***ï
Worlds on
An Indiana subscriber a**J
bushes
r® D
kill worms on rose
no better plan tiian to sprajf
with u decoction of tobacco
tiou of cobalt.
'
|' ner
^ 0lar
lj° fl
lP a 8
If sheet* *
laid around the W*
per are
these are shaken by
the stalk with a stick,
■ill fa»
W
trou blesome worms ™
thus be utterly und qui
— Philadelphia Public h
is.
If a heavy blow ha*
melon vines, go over tg
en them out., BKj
height
st
E. •

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