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SEEK OIL LAND
UNDER RED PEB of Wichita Indians Now Set Up An into wind two the tery. cient Title to River Channel. HISiukY INVOLVED IN SUIT Question Engrosses Attention of Law* Oil Men, Land Owners and -Gives yers, Federal and State Official History of Wichita Claim. the der try of This question has been engrossing his the attention of lawyers, oil men, land and federal and state officials, ing ate of Texas claims ownership can ■ the claim of Texas under the 1 Tex.—Seldom has a case Austin. been filed in American courts in which has been involved to the ex hietory tent that it is in the question of the ■rship of the channel of the Red river, beneath the bed of which are owm valuable oil deposits. owners The in the bed of the river to the center of the channel, while the federal gov and the state of Oklahoma ; eminent opposi of the treaty of Spain in 1819. hich the northern boundary of the Spanish dominions in Texas was desig nated as the south hank of tife Red terms lay river. The federal authorities hold that the ownership of the Red river hod areas in dispute belong t< tribes which owned tlie adjacent res ervations. and the state of Oklahoma meandering tiie Indian j er maintains that, as a stream, the bed of the Red river is state property and for the benefit of the state school fund. should be leased Another Claimant. Joseph B. Thoburn, secretary of the , Oklahoma Historical society, has ad- | suggestion that j there is vanced the still another claimant to the owner ship of the oil hearing area of the channel of the Red river, namely, the Wichita Indians. Mr. Thoburn in the of an extended statement says: of the claims of course "Older than any ownership which are now being of the oil pressed for the bearing aroas of the channel of the Red river—older than any claim of f the State of Texas by rights derived ;ion posse from Mexico or Spain, and older than agy claim of the State of Oklahoma or of the United States which may derived from France been have through the purchase of Louisiana— is the right of the aboriginal owners of the land on both sides of the river, and these are the people of the Wich ita tribe of Indians. "The ancestors of the AVichita In- | dians have lived in Oklahoma and ad jacent states for a thousand years, and for approximately five hundred years past they have occupied the country on both sides of the Red river in that part of its course where it traverses the Burkburnett oil fields. In using (•he word 'occupied' in this connection, I do so advisedly, for these people have always been sedentary in their habits, living in fixed villages and de largely upon tlie cultivation pembng of the soil for their subsistence. "The rights of the Wichita Indians to the ownership of these lands has never been extinguished by purchase, j exchange or otherwise, though state and federal governments have seem- | Ingl y proceeded on the theory that no j such right ever existed. From the time of its foundation the federal govern- ! ment has always paid due regard, at least in form, to the extinguishment j of title to lands which were claimed ! by the several Indian tribes under ab original occupancy. The one exception j to this has been that of the Wichita Indians, who lived in the upper Red j river country, between the Canadian : ! , "In 1818 certain chiefs and warriors of the Quapaw- tribe of Indians, in ; at St. Louis with William the govern- j to a treaty by the terms* of which they ceded all of the lands in Oklahoma and Texas between the Arkansas and Can adian rivers on the north and the Red river on the south to the government, The fact that the Quapaw Indians lived in eastern Arkansas, that they seldom went as far west as the eastern boundary of Oklahoma and that they never by occupancy or otherwise exer cised any form of ownership or juris- ; diction over any of the lands within 200 miles of the region where the Wichitas were living, do not seem to | have entered into the consideration ÄiS.'X ! existence of the Wlchitas at that time. 1 and Brazos rivers. Indians Cede Land. council Clark and Auguste Chouteau, as com- missioners representing ment of the United States, entered in- Yet, with this Quapaw transaction as e government of the United a basis, n States executed a giant of these lands j to the people later. More than thirty years later the Wichita people first learned that their country had been! sold by the Quapaw and then granted to the Choctaws. If the government of the United States ever means to do the square and honorable thing by the Wichita Indians it will never have a better chance than it has at the present time. Their lands are gone—sold to strang ers without recompense to them and without their consent—but they still have an equitable claim to the owner ship of the Red River channel oil prop erties. and simple justice demands that they be given a chance to estab lish it." £6 -o BLANK FORMS—Rent. Share, an Lease Contracts; Abstract Blanks Notice of Protest; Promissory Notes Collateral Notes; Nurses Records Posted Sign Cards, For Sale and Fo Rent Sign Cards at The Daily Com monwealth Office. -o We have a hunch that the theft o confiscated whiskey from the store of the Richmond. Virginia city Jot WHY I Superstition Has Remainet Powerful in China America wears its superstitions apol ogetk-ally. The Chinaman is prou* of his; they are his encyclopedia social guide ana legal adviser rolle« j into one. Feng Shui is the Chines« creed of superstition. Feng Shui, oi wind and water, is a combination of two mysterious and powerful elements, the azure dragon and the white tiger which must meet at an angle for fa 1 vorable conditions to prevail. Ever I when lucidly and copiously explained Feng Shui remains a shrouded mys- , tery. To the Chinaman, Feng Shui is the j great thing in life. Following its com mands he warily avoids chances of ill luck. When he builds a house he places the windows at various angles in or der to confuse the evil spirits who may j try to get in. When his neighbor builds a house he watches proceed- j ires, and if the structure shows sign of becoming higher than his own he voices a protest on the plea that the good spirits who have been honoring his household with visits will be un nble to find their way over a project ing roof top. Strangely enough, these arguments are proposed and received with dignity, and unless the offender ! can think of some apt retort to show not doing injury to his 1 neighbor, he usually complies with the ; that he iS u request, The complications of Feng Shui are quite beyond the western mind. It is doubtful whether the Chinese under stand tie- mystic symbols and portents about which they so seriously and heir belief in the is, however, un igine an American de glibly converse, power of Feng Ima j disputable, eidfng whether to get married, wheth er to have an aching tooth pulled or where to plant a rose bush by con sulting the direction of the wind and taking the sign seriously, and you have some idea of the Chinese guid ing rule in life. , | Why Water Runs Off Duck's Back. The reason that water runs off a duck's back is that the feathers ducks are oily and, as .va ter and oil j will not mix, the w T ater runs olf in stead of soaking in, one reads in the Bo«)k of Wonders, published and copy righted by the bureau of industrial education, ,inc„ Washington, The feathers on a duck are so thick of D. C. on the body 0 f t he duck, top and hot f 0m that even if it were not for the oil which is on the feathers the water would have some difficulty in soaking But the main through the feathers, rea s< m hack cause water why the feathers on a duck's striking them to run 0 q- j S that the duck has an oil gland which is constantly producing grease or oil, and which the duck in giving his feathers a thin coating to make them slick, and when any water Ot hei nses | strikes the duck it runs off. birds which live in the water a great deal have this oil gland for the same reason. }ca is that of the quail. The price of tbe bird may be moderate enough, but th e loss caused by killing it is another ma tter. Why Quail Should Be Protected. The most expensive meat in Amer Competent authorities estimate that each quail is worth from $10 to $25 to the American farmer as a destroyer of insects and devourer of weed seeds. particularly true in those par t s of the South afflicted by the boil weevil. Quails are as fond of weevils than one farmer has noticed that when his fields are well stocked with quail t he cotton crop is safe, There is liable to be some very vigorous game preserving in Dixie on economic grounds rather than for sport, during tlie next dozen years.— Chicago Journal, j : This is are of cotton, and more weevils as How to Prevent Seasickness. In the future, sufferers from seasick ! ness will not be forced to undergo that , dreadful trial just to get across "the pond." AVe'll have airplanes to go ; f rom America to France and the tun ne i passage from France to England. But for those who still cling to sea j cr aft, inventors are trying to do away with the rolling motion of ships' cab j ns> which is the chief cause of the trouble. The principle on which they are working is that of suspending the cabin from a fore-and-aft axis by means of a gyroscope with a vertical axls of spin. By this means they hope to control the oscillation of the cabins an( j make sea voyages, a joy to all. —— - How to Thwart Burglars. ; Burglary has increased 80 per cent j n London during the past year, and burglary insurance companies are urg | ing policy holders to help them defeat the gentlemen who covet another peo ! .fl«.: 1 would remove the ordinary rim lock \ and replace it with a mortised lock, one sunk in the edge of the door, he said ; j would make his premises safer, a London official. "Tlie first can be j readily jimmied ; the second is almost burglar-proof." I How to Polish Bedsteads. | Brass bedsteads should not be pol-j ished with metal polish, as the acid | Just wash the i in it is too strong, brass parts with soap and water, and then rub well with a dry chamois leather. How London Utilizes '-■Movie«.'* At a movie show in London 2,000 children from primary classes wer« taught the rule of three, multiplica Mon. division and arithmetic generally on the screen. o The statistics of the first census of he United States were published iu »ne sma'l volume consisting of 66 The statistics of the 1910 required 12 volumes having in aggregate of more than 40,000 »ages. 'ages. :ensus -o If a Hohenzollem come-back is not confidently expected, why does the German republic insist on r emaining «jjBpcgiaÇ't .aAY; - OF GREAT INTEREST Monday The 29th, of December 1919. BEGINS AT THIS STORE THE GREAT SLAUGHTER ON ALL READY-TO-WEAR IN THE STORE jag P'S Bgg fly p|| INVENTORY TIME IS AT HAND and before taking this years inventory we will C UT P IC bb goods r.n the FIRST FLOOR so deep leaving no doubt in our minds that they will be sold out before we will get ready to close the doors and take stock. il r adv-to-wear on the SECOND FLOOR and other ( * 1 .1 u THIS WILL BE STRICTLY CASH SALE No Goods WiU Be Sent Out On Approval MONDAY I VEXING S PAPE R WILL. FURNISH YOU WITH PRICES, AND HOW LOW , THEY WILL BE SOLD L ASTONISH YOU ■v y. V V * ALL WE ASK COMPARE THAT YOU and WE MAY SHARE f j M rai F. GOODMAN DRY GOODS GO ^23 RTS HOUSE BILL NO. An act to authorize the Board of Mis sissippi Levee Commissioners in its discretion to take into its district the territory south thereof, between the intersection of the Yazoo River and Mississippi River and the south line of the present levee of said dis trict, or such parts thereof as Boar the they may deem best, and to con struct and maintain a levee there ■ on, and to authorize the for of Levee Commissioners Yazoo-Mississippi Delta in its dis cretion to contribute money of th district for the erection and main of said fine of levee ter.ance The said levee to be constructed east of the Mississippi river and of the channel of the Yazoo west River, connecting with the Missis other purposes. g ec j Be it erac ted by the legis lature the s t a te of Mississippi, that the materia j benefit ard protec , certain lands, situated within t or districts herein men the two levee out water, Board of Mississippi Levee Commis s i one rs are hereby authorized and e mpowdered ,by resolutions entered upon their minutes, to take into the ]evee district * as a part there ^ ^ nQw ' embraced in the warren County Levee District and to build and maintain m the said er rltory a line of levee in the discre tien of the said Board of Mississippi Levee Commissioners, and they are sippi Levee district at or near Brunswick, Warren County, Missis sippi, running in a southerly direc tion to, or near the west bank of the Yazoo canal, near Vicksburg, Mississippi, and to provide for the of bonds, and the levying issuance of taxes for the construction and maintenance of said levee, and for back tiored, from overflow from and from other causes, the es p ec j a iiy authorized and empower p(J tQ expend mo ney, and to issue bods .as authorized, in order to pro vide for the same if necessary to con struct and maintain the said levee east of the Mississippi River, and west of the present channel of the Y azoo Riyer, connecting with the Mississippi and running in a southerly, the west bank ! River, direction, to or near of the Yazoo canal, near Vicksburg, j Mississippi. That the Board of Levee Sec. 2. Commissioners for the Yazoo-Missis sippi Delta, be, and they are here-[ by authorized and empowered, in their ; discretion, to co-operate in the con- j struction of said levee, with the «aid j Board of Miss: -aippi Levee Commis- ; sioners, and each of the said boards j is authorized to co-operate with the j _and to ! of the same in | deem I other in said construction, share the expenses such proportions vas each may proper, or, the saH bcrzri cf Missis sippi Levee Commissioners may operate separately ,or jointly, with ! the Warren County Levee Board the construction of said levee, or to jointly with the consti- > J u mm tuted authorities of the federal gov eminent on such terms as may be Agreed upon, for the construction of sad levee, and the Board of Levee Commissioners for the Yazoo-Missis ippi Delta may contribute money, an( i i-sue bonds for that purpose for the assistance of the said Board of Mississippi Levee Commissioners in the construction of said levee. Sec. 3. That all authority now existing in the Board of Mississippi Levee Commissioners, authorizing ! ■ the appropriation of private proper ty in their distr : et for the purpose of constructing, maintaining and repair ing levees therein, is hereby confer red upon the said levee board for the purpose of constructing the above mentioned levee, and this power of appropriation may be exercised, and the expenses of construction paid in upon but that it shall be optional with the said Board of Mississippi Levee Com missioners to act thereon, and shall be optional with the said Board of Levee Commissioners for the Yazoo . tribute to the construction of saic. levee. Sec. 5^ That the said Board of Levee Commissioners for the Yazoo Mississippi Delta, if it shall operate with the said Board of Mis si,s^ppi Levee^Co-nmi,sioners in the ; co struc on e ,. psy all money which it so contributes for either of said purposes by bords to be paid for by special taxes le- ■ - ied uticn the total taxable property such proportions as may be agreed upon jointly by the said two levee boards, or separately ,by the said Board of Mississippi Levee Commis sioners, or in conjunction with the Warren County Levee Board. Sec. 4. That nothing in this act shall be deemed to be mandatory either of the said levee boards, M ssirsippi Delta, whether or not, or shall con- in what proportion it co- -f its district at an taxation equally and rateably in all of the counties of the said levee dis equal rate of trict. Sec. 6. That the said Boar* Levee Commissioners for the xazoo Mississippi Delta, be and they are hereby empowered and authorized, ! in their d scretion to issue bonds in they may deem proper, in an amount in j such sums as n °t exceeding $ any one year for the purpose of de fraying any expense of any appro priation that they may make under ; this law, towards the construction of j the said line of levee, the bonds to j be issued and payable as ; vided by law, and the proceeds there j of to be expended solely in the con j struction of the said line of levee, ! or the payments for damage for | rights of way thereof, and the bonds I shall be a lien upon all the taxable now pro property within the district of the co-jsaid last named levee board, and ! shall be paid by a special levy or lev in]lei of taxation levied equally and rateably ,on all of the taxable prop > erty in the Inst named district with THE DAILY COMMONWEALTH'S JOB PRINTINfi DEPARTMENT IVES PROMPT AND SATISFACTORY SERVICE SLND us your orders |||i iff gg [ffi K| fflj 1| g| ^ §3 ,. ut regard to the situation of saict counties. ^ec. 7 That all laws and parts of i ;awS i n conflict with this act, are j hereby repealed. passage _ j j Sec. 8. That this act take effect ! a d b e in force from and after its ; -LOANS ONE-HALF MILLION DOLLARS TO LOAN ON IMPROVED FARMS ANDCITY PROPERTY IN LEFLORE AND ADJOIN ING COUNTIES—LOANS RUN FOR 10 YEARS. WITH SMALL PAYMENTS ANNUALLY NO EXPEN F; NO Delays; Best Rate*« J. L. Bishop. Lawyer. Office Kimbrougb Bldg., East of Court House Square. PHONE N0.984-W -o Congress extended the scope of th pproaching 1920 census by providin hat a census of forestry and fores »roducts should be taken. These sub jects were never specifically covered >y any past census act. o As a boom director, Frank Hitch cock is no amateur. Y0 U Don't Feel JUSt np__ r Rctnd'a i XVlgilti 1 Ty oORCl S j y • Pille UIVci r Ills j When you wake up in the morning vith a bad taste in your montn, a tir-j fcd, sluggish feeling or a sick head- ; ache ,you may be assured that sorne-;^ thing within your system is radically;^ wrong. Colds, pneumonia and influ enza are readily attracted to a disor- ; dered system. Nine times out of ten the trouble may be found in an overworked or poorly regulated liver. Regulate your j liver and the eliminative organs can j easily be controlled. Bond's Liver Pills are better than a laxative. They give you that "Life is worth the Living" feeling. These pills clear the eliminative organs of all impurities, stir jup the liver, stim ulate the action of the bowels in an effective manner, yet they work so mildly that no weakness, griping pains or discomfort are felt by the ! ; , ! patient. There is no remedy on the drug market today that is a worthy sub stitute for Bond's Liver Pills. Sold by- all druggists at 25c a bottle. Your will be refunded if these pills (Adv.) money do not satisfy you. "40" HaS Conquered "RT AI ii î T>f ^A\ T dLuUi| i UiMJA j Scrofulous eruptions, pimples on th< fac(! are annovisi< r ,. and d is figuHng Sores, ulcers mucous pat ; ^ copper color0d spots> glandu . STVfcllings> inflamed eyelids, Wast gf the muscles >con stipation, a ; ! form of dyspspsia and stomach trou ble can all be the result of blood pois Number 40 For The Blood, old doctor's prescription, is the best treatment for all forms of blood pois on known to medical science. Made by J. C. Mendenhall, 40 years a druggist, Evansville, Ind. Sold by McIntyre Drug Co. (Adv.) IP 44 on. an o The ingenious machines used by the Census Bureau to count, sort and tabulate the information gathered by the census enumerators are the pro duct of the Bureau's own laboratory The sorting machines wil ltake care of 300 cards per minute, the counting machine can do 500 cards a minute and the tabulating machine is cap able of handling 400 cars'each min ute. Take The Daily Commonwealth.