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THE DAILY COMMONWEALTH t • I i & , • -fi —— —4 ASSOCIATED PRESS NEWS SERVICÉ UNION ASSOCIATED PRESS 8ESVICB. jTgILLKSPIE, - Editor and Publisher ^LUME 1-NUMBER 157._ PUBLISHED EVERY AFTERNOON EXCEPT SUNDAY ■A GREENWOOD, LEFLORE COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY AFTERNOON, MARCH 3, 1917. SUBSCRIPTION: KSJgfc Us 1= GERMANY ADMITS INTRIGUE MISSISSIPPI IS MADE RONE ■■fj « S WILL DO NOTHING THAT MIGHT LEAD TO HOSTILITIES That Information Given to the Senate by His Rep resentatives— Extra Session Probable Before Summer to Pass Appropriations. (By Associated Press) -, Washington, March 3—President intention of taking any Wilson has no action that might bring war with Ger unless Congress is summoned This was commun many in extra session. x . . icated to the Senate leaders today by representatives of the President, who takes the position that if n^ extra ordinary crisis arises it will not be to call an extra session be necessary 'UNION CLERKS CAUSE TIE-UP Efforts to Compel Memphis Business Men to Recognise Union Forces Stores to Close. (By Associated Press) Memphis, March 3—Efforts of Un ion clerks to compel recognition of the union resulted today in a tempor ary closing of approximately sixty business concerns in retail trade until the situation is adjusted. Each em ployee will be paid their usual wage during the enforced idleness. The ac tion of the merchants was caused by the demands made by the union which included a minimum wage of six' dol lars a week. GOVERNOR IN TROUBLE. (By Associated Press) Austin, March 3—Charges, which if proved, will be the basis for impeach ment changes against Governor Fur guson .were filed in the Texas House of Representatives today by Repre sentative Davis of Vanzandt county.' AUTO SALES IN FEBRUARY GOOD Leaving Out Sundays Average of a Car-a-Day Made in Sale of Li censes on New Machines. A car-a-day is the way the licenses for new machines go at the Sheriff's office in Leflore County and when that average in February, the wettest an ahortest month in the year it is quite evident that the automobile in dustry is not suffering because of lack of patronage in Greenwood and Le flore County. Repardless of the weather and road conditions twenty seven cars were li censed during the month just past, which means that twenty-seven cars were sold during that month. The record of a car-a-day was kept up during the entire year of 1916, more than 330 cars being licensed here during that period. Many of the cars sold during Feb ruary were high price machines. Fol lowing is a list of those baying new cars, their residence address and the ' kind of car purchased: Mrs. D. Fox Swift, Swiftown, Oad iliac. Mrs. P. S. Poindexter, Morgan City, Dodge. C. A. Wilson, Greenwood, Cadillac. M. C. Mobley, Geren, Cadillac. ■ W. M. Mayerhoff, Shellmound, Ford. Burke Court M. Co., Memphis, I Chevrolet. A. G. Abide, Greenwood, Buick. Thomas Lucas, Shellmound, Ford. J. E. Dennis, Greenwood, Ford. L. C. Theirs, Greenwood, Ford. H. L. Walton, Jr., Sunny Side, Auburn. Mrs. E. R. Bennett, Greenwood, Ford. Robt. Gardner, Greenwood, Over land. Jesse Quinn, Greenwood, Dodge. James Hunter, Itta Bene, Saxon. J. D. Sweaney, Minter City, Ford. M. S. McLean, Money, Cadillac. Dr. S. E. Osborne, Greenwood, Ov erland. Mrs. E. R. Stevens, Greenwood, Willys-Knight. Lee Arterbury, Greenwood, Willy«* Knight. W' .H. Gillion, Itta> Bena, Buick*. G- P. Elliott, Greenwood, Ford. Minter City Oil Works, Minter City, R ' R- Bemander, Money, Ovtrland. Chas. Quy Rickies, Greenwood, S- H. Montgomery, Greenwood) W. 1. Clark* Hinter City, for I , : i Ford, Ford. Paige. fore late in the spring and then only to pass any appropriation bill which may fail at the present session. MANN SAYS EXTRA SESSION. (By Associated Press) Washington, March 3—Republican Leader Mann announced to members of the House today, "There very prob ably" will bp an extra session before next summer. GERMAN MOVE HELPS WILSON The Hague Considers That Intrigue Strengthens American President's Hands. (By Associated Press) The Hague, March 3—The news of the German intrigue irf Mexico caused a sensation here and is regarded as a stroke of Treat fortune for the Allies and as strengthening the hands of President Wilson. EXCITEMENT AT COPENHAGEN. (By Associated Press) Copenhagen, March 3 — Startling revelations regarding Germany's in trigues in Mexico came like a bomb explosion in the national capital the Tubemde says today. NEW YORK DAY BY DAY. New York, March 3—(By Union Associated Press)—Tammany Hall may mean it and it may not, but nevertheless it is going to do the needful thing and go to Washington 1,000 strong to attend the inaugura tion of President Wilson on Monday. Relations between the White House and Fourteenth Street have not im proved as greatly as friends of both sides would like to see them, but the tension is not so tight as it was a few years ago. Perhaps a few plums that Tammany considers worth while may yet fall in the direction of the wig wam. At any rate, Charles F. Mur phy, head of Tammany Hall believes that President Wilson will support the plan to make James W. Gerard, the returning Ambassador to Germany a candidate for mayor of New York city next fall. Fashions in Peril. German submarines are threaten ing to sink the newest Paris fashions for American women as well as Amer ican ships. In the region of Fifth avenue shops that are headquarters for feminine styles there is a state of uncertainty that seriously threat spring gowns and Easter hats. This is the time of the year when the clever representatives of the leading establishments that import models go to Paris to pick the season's newest and choicest creations of fashions for American women. The submarine menace has temporarily blockaded this ocean travel. No Doubt of Their Loyalty. Most of the German beer saloons are now displaying the Stars and Stripes over the bar and the old chromos and prints of the Kaiser, Von Molke, Bismark and Fredsrick the Great are being gradually replaced by pictures of Washington, Lincoln Grant and Woodrow Wilson. Barten ders and waiters in all the best Ger man cafes have been instructed to avoid "war" conversation with cus tomers, and a similar rule prevails in barber shops, where a sudden silence is making life difficult for a lot of convsrsational tonsorial Teutons. Why They Don't Go to Church. Takers of the religious census who preparing for the coming of Bil ly Sunday have run across some inter esting reasons why people do not go to church. One old gentleman had the strangeat explanation yet. "I'll be perfectly frank with you, air," he said to canvasser a few days ago. "I am no longer of nny church. I have no intention of becoming n member of nnd church because I am so easily stirred that I loss all sense of propor tion and become too much intereated in the church's work. About six months ago I stepped into an impos ing odifleo near my home and heard n wonderful sermon about the mis sions and their work. When the col lection plate came around I put 60 cants In the piste. When I got out side my hand cleared and I realised that I had put in mom than I could •ford., l »imply l»vo to »top ens are / WILSON SIGNS BONE DRY BILL Postal Bill Containing Provision for Prohibition Now a Law of the Land. (By Associated Press) Washington, March 3—President Wilaan today signed the Postal Bill containing the "Bone Dry" provision for prohibition. The bone dry provision became ef fective when the President signed the bill. Six Southern states and eight others are effectéd. WILSON TO TAKE OATH TOMORROW Will Take It Again Monday Juat Be fore Inaugural Addreas—Oath In Private at Capitol. _ (By Associated Press) Washington, March 3—President Wilson will take oath of office in his room at the Capital at nooh Sunday. He will take the oath again Monday just before delivering the inaugural address. AMERICAN BOWLING CONGRESS. Grand Rapids, March 3—(By Union Associated Press)—Between 650 end 700 five-man teams'jvill roll for nat ional titles in the American Bowling Congress tournament will probably last until March 25. Cincinnati has entered II teamB, Pittsburgh 15, Buf falo 12, Detroit 50, Toledo 15, Cleve land 30, Louisville 10, Columbus, O., 12, Akron 10, and Indianapolis and Fort Wayne a combined total of 10. PRESIDENT TO TAKE OATH PRIVATELY. Washington, March 3— (By Union Associated Press)—President Wood row Wilson will take oath of office privately in the White House tomor row, since the regular day set fop the presidential inauguration falls on i Sunday this year. On Monday, it is expected that he will take another oath to make the inaugural ceremony complete in all the usual features, making the ceremony for delivering his inaugural address. The usual special session of Congress will meet Monday to consider nominations. This will permit the inauguration of the Vice-president in the Senate Cham ber, as-is the custom, with all the at tendant elaborate ceremonies. Washington is crowded today with friends of the President and mem bers of the national Legislature who have been attracted by the prospect of seeing and greeting Mr. Wilson ' Although it is certain that many . women's organizations will take part in the Inaugural parade, it is believed that the Inaugural committee has succeeded in putting a quietus on many of the sensational features planned by some of the suffragists. 1 1 CHUM BOB'S SPORTING TALK. Philadelphia, March 8— (By Union Associated Press) — Any sporting writer who is a stone's throw from Philadelphia today is'not true to his profession, although there are events at Kansas City and Grand Rapids which might well attract his atten tion. Some of the greatest athletes the world has known will be in ac tion at Exposition Hall tonight. Among them will be Ivan Meyers, Joie Ray, Fred Murray and the great est of all hurdlers, Fred Simpson. Meyers is a miller and runs for the Chicago A .A. Ray recently ran the fastest mile and a half ever rah in the Millrose games in New York. Simpson and Murray will appear in the fifty yards handicap hurdle event and alee in a special fifty yards hur die race, to which only the star per -1 formers of the country have been asked. Competing with them will be Ellers, Englela and McDonagh. Over 1 the one-mile route will ensue a hard | fight for first honors between Over ton, Windnagle and Les Carroll, the latter of Michigan. The fight between Yale and California in the graduates' race will be bitter. The competition between Yale, Yarvard, Dartmouth, Princeton, Cornell Cafifornia, Michi gan and Leland Stanford will be the greatest in the his tory of intercolle tiate athletics. The annual indoor meet of the Ken ne City Club takes place in Conven tion Halt tonight Among the star men who ere expected to compete and who are not in Philadelphie, ere Bob Simpson, the University of Missouri hurdler, Don M. Scott of the Univer ilty pf MiMtoipii hfiUar of (be ut' cony grain AND PROVISIONS New York Closed Twenty to Thirty Points Up. New Orleans Twenty Seven tj Thirty Three Up. The New York cotton market clos ed at noon Huy at a net gain of twenty to thifty points, the New Or leans market showing a gain of twen ty seven to thirty -three points. Spots at New York ware thirty up and thir ty eight up at (few Orleans. Sales 3,595 bales. NEW YORK MARKET. Prev. Open High Low Close Close Oct 16.25 16.60 16.05 16.50 16.25 Mch 17.45 17.60 17.45 17.65 17.35 May 17.17 17.61 J7.17 17.50 17.23 July 17.18 17.46 17.18 17.46 16.16 Closed 20 to 80 tip. NEW ORLEANS MARKET. Prev. Open High Low Close Close Oct. 15.86 16.18 J6.86 16.14 15.86 Mch 17.10 17.80 IfclO 17.33 17.00 May 16.82 17.16 16.82 17.12 16.83 July 16.76 17.67 16.73 17.03 16.76 Closed 27 to 33 qp. New York SpMs 17.75-30 up. New Orlesns Spots 17.13-38 up. Sales 3592. CHICAGO GRAIN MARKET. Cloip Prev. Close 1 84 7-8 Wheat May 1.88 7-8 Corn May Oats. 1.07 3-8 1.05 5-8 May .68 1-4 CHICAGO PROVISIONS. Close Prev. Close Pork May 83.16 82.47 Lard May 19.00 18.62 NEW YORK COTTON OIL MARKET Prev. Close. Ribs. Jan 17.55 17.22 i May Aug. Close. 13.54 13.14 13.14 13.54 THE WEATHER Forecast. Mississippi—Local rains and cold tonight. Rains and cold Sunday. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WEATHER BUREAU. March, 3, 1917. Local Data, Greenwood;'Miss. For the 24 Houra Ending at 7 A. M. Temperature: Highest • 44 degrees Lowest • 39 degrees At 7 a. m. • 41 degrees Precipitation.0.12 inches River Stege, 7 a.m - 23.3 feet, rising Change - '-.0.6 feet ' J. H. STEPHEN, Bocal Observer. Amsterdam, March 3—(By Union Associated Prees)—It is reported j from Berlin that the German Gov- j emment is building new submarines ; ât the rate of three a week. En couraged by the admission of Premier ! Lloyd-George that Great Britain will : feel the result of the submarine cam paign unless people of the nation sacrifice still more, Germany feels that her efforts are having telling ef fect, and it is stated that the Ger mans believe that England is not ad mitting all of her losses. » GERMANY BUILDING SUBMA-* RINES AT GREAT RATE. era. Tommy Burns, who proudly posed as heavyweight champion for a short period, is again threatening to stage an attempt comback. Bums has ac cepted a six-round bnrrle with Willie Meehan in Seattle this month. The one time title holder frequently gets the notion into his head that he would like to fight again, but he generally thinks better of it before it is too late, If he decides to go through with the affair with Meehan he probably will be cured for all time, as Meehan, al ional A. A. U. half-mile title, and 0th though as fat as Burnt himself, is far from being harmlos« at he looks, taka place between the Cubs and the Los Angeles Club of the Pacific Coast league ot Los Angeles today. The Cubs enjoyed their trip to the Coast and are anxious to «gat down to hard work. Take ftp Daily Commonwealth. An exhibition game is scheduled to o k CONGRESS ENDS NOON TOMORROW One Hundred and Two Members Close Their Legislative Careers With This Session. (By Associated Press) Washington, March 3—Congress adjourns tomorrow with the control of the next House in dispute. One hun dred and two members will close their legislative careers when the sixty fourth Congress ends, among this number are fifteen Senators. The session ends at noon Sunday by limi tation. JAPAN TRUE TO ALLIED POWERS Vice Foreign Miniater Issuea State ment in Regard to Proposition of Germany. (By Associated Press) Tokio, March 3—Vice Foreign Min ister Shidenara, in a statement today in regard to the proposition to join in a possible war against the United States said that it was to rediculous for words. Japan, he said, would re main faithful to the Allies. DIPLOMATS CABLING RESIGNA TIONS. Washington, March 3—(By Union Associated Press)—American ambas sadors and Ministers abroad are send ing in their resignations to the State Department today in order that the President may not be embarrassed at the beginning of his new term of office. Although it was reported a few months ago that many changes would be made in the diplomatic corps it is hardly thought that there will be great shift at present. The demands of the war Hbve put American diplo mats to a strain never before dreamed of and it is realized that in many in stances it would be almost folly to send new men to places occupied by diplomats who have Leen handling delicate situations in a masterly way. A few members of the corps are felt by officials to have proved themselves incapable of the peculiar duties im posed on them and as a result the inauguration of a second term is wel comed as an opportunity to strength en the service. SUGGESTIONS FOR GROWING A SPRING CROP OF IRISH POTATOES. SOILS: A well drained soil is es sential for the production of a good crop of potatoes. The soil best adapted to this crop is a deep, rich, sandy loam, with a clay subsoil. If possible, on which the preceding crop has been fertilized. SEED: The yield and quality of y° ur cro P depends largely on the seed you P lant > 80 >t > 8 important that clean, l^althy seed be used. Avoid the use of seed that become heated or frozen. VARIETY: ► The variety best adapted for the early crop in this sec tion is the Red Bliss Triumph. TREATMENT OF SEED FOR SCAB: Most seed potatoes on the market will be found infected with potato scab, a fungous disease caus ing ugly cankered spots on the tu bers. Soak the seed before removing from the sack for two hours in water containing one pint of Formalin (40 per cent, solution) to 30 gallons. This is best done by placing the sack in a barrel and coveting with the solu tion. After soaking pour the pota toes out to dry before cutting. Fermalin is not poisonous but if al- ! lowed to come in contact with the | hands should be washed off immed iately. CUTTING THE SEED: The tu bers should be cut so as to leave two or three good eyes on each piece. Al- ; ways cut above the eyes as the eyes have roots running toward the stem end. Do not leave seed in piles or bags after cutting. Seed that have been allowed to heat are unfit for planting. Remember that the size of the cut pieces determines largely the vigor of the plant and fairly liberal pieces should be allowed. PLANTING: Plant a^ early in February as conditions will permit, using 8 to 12 bushels per acre in 2 1-2 to 3 Teet apart and 15 inches in the drill. Prepare your land by plowing deeply and harrowing well. If planting is to be done by hand, drop seed in furrow opened by plow about four inches deep and ; press firmly into the soir with the j foot. Cover before the furrow be- [ conta dry. U «fwt tonna Won rows **«-"!» » -'■ft 1 iljw GERMANY ADMITS DETAILS OF MEXICO-JAPAN PLAN CORRECT Intrigue Not Generally Known in that Country— Press Suppressed—May Result in Zimmer man's Resignation. (By Associated Press) London, March 3—Foreign Secre tary Zimmerman's instructions to the German minister at Mexico City, published in the United States is ad mitted in Berlin as being correctly quoted, according to Reuter dispatches from the German capital by way of Amsterdam. The dispatch quotes a U.ir gram, ap parently sent to the bureau of a semi official German news agency, which states that the German minister in Mexico City was instructed in event the United States declared war he was to offer the Mexican government an alliance and arrange further de tails. The minister was to make no advances unless he knew for a cer tainty that America was going to de clare war. How the American government re ceived the information about the in structions, which were sent by a se cret way to Mexico, is not known. It appears, the dispatch says, that treachery must have been committed on American soil. A Central News dispatch from Am sterdam says that a Berlin telegram in regard to the Zimmerman instruc tions to the German minister at Mex ico City said that they were semi-offi cial. < PRESS SURPRESSED. (By Associated Press) London, March 3—The German NOTHING SAID TO MEXICO YET Provisioha! Minister of Foreign Af fairs Says That Government Not Approached By Germany. (By Associated Press) Guadala Jara, Mexico, March 3— General Aquilar, provisional minister of foreign affairs of Mexico, today formally denied that the Mexican gov ernment had been approached by Ger many with the object of orming an alliance hostile to the United States. GREAT CROWD TO SEE INTER COLLEGIATE». Philadelphia, March 3—(By Union Associated Press)—A crowd of 20, 000 persons is expected to witness the intercollegiate contests at Exposition Hall tonight. Practically every big university and college in the country has sent representatives to compete in the various events. t I I plants appear above ground, it should be broken by the use of a harrow. CULTIVATION: As soon as the plants appear above ground, the sur face soil should be well stirred with a harrow tooth cultivator. Good cul tivation should be maintained through out the growing season with an occa sional hoeing if necessary to keep down weeds. Toward the last the soil should be worked up around the plants to hold them erect and protect the tubers from the sun. Cultiva tion should be shallow and always performed when the soil is dry. HARVESTING: In the absence of a potato digger .plow two furrows on outside of row and run a two morse middle breaker directly under the cen ter of the row deep enough to prevent cutting the tubers. Do not 'allow them to stay in the sun. Always dig when the ground is dry. DISEASE AND INSECT PESTS: Potato bugs, flea beetles, and blight are the most serious enemies of this crop. PYROX is recommended for these pests. Use 1 pound to 6 gal Ions of water, mix thoroughly, keep well stirred and spray both sides of the leaves. The first application should be made when the plants are about six inches high or when the "STRIPED BACKS" appear .second application ten days later, and if nec essary make a third application. Pyrox may be obtained from your lo cal seed man or from Chris Reuter, FERTILIZER: Stable manure is | fine when applied to the preceding i crop, but should not be applied to the | crop when fresh. A good mixture for Commercial Fertilizer is; cotton seed meal, 400 lbs., acid phosphate i 200 lbs., kalnit 200 lbs. This to be app««d to ona acra. New Orleans, La. • W S.1 press has been ordered not to publish one word regarding the American Mexican revelations until further no tice, according to an Amsterdam dis patch. The dispatch says that only a few circles are aware of the intri gue and it is considered possible that the affair may result in the resigna tion of Foreign Minister Zimmerman and the ending of the diplomatic reer of Von Bernstorff. ca RUSSIAN STEAMERS SUNK. (By Associated, Berlin, March 3—Nil armed Rua sian steamers have been destroyed by German submarines recently. They were sunk near Hamerfest, according to a Christiana dispatch quoted by the Overseas News Agency. ACCIDENTLY KILLED. Washington, March 3—Misjor Hei berg, American Military Attche at Rome was accidently killed Thursday on the Italian front. The report to the State Department said that he was killed while on observation duty. GREEK STEAMER BUNK. (By Associated Press) Lonson, March 3—Reuter's reports that Greek steamship Procennisses, requisitioned by the Greek Royalist government to go to America for grain, torpedoed by and sunk by a German submarine. REVENUE BILL SIGNED TODAY y Designed to Raise $350,600,060 Through Special Taxes and Bond Issues for Government. (By Associated Press) Washington, March 3—President Wilson today signed the Revenue Bill designed to r&ise $350,000,000 through special taxes and bond issues. ARE STARVING NOW IN POLAND Mr. I. Gelman Receives Card Through the Linea from Hie Parent« at Walozen. A post card telling of conditions that exist in Russia and Poland, as a result of the terrific warfare that has been waged in that section has been received by Mr. I. Gelman, of this city, from his parents, who live at Walozen, Russia, just seven miles . from the firing line. The card was mailed on the I4th of November and was received just a week ago. blank side of the card was first writ childhood, speaking of the domestic life of the family and of the good conditions enjoyed. The card was in two parts. The ten, telling the actual conditions that existed, saying that the people of that country were literally starving. Over this was pasted a thin sheet of white paper upon which was written mes sages of good cheer, telling the son that all was well with his parente and even described the scenes of his Mr. Gelman received the card last Monday and after reading it threw it aside. It became damp and the white sheet paster on top of the card be came loosened. Mr. Gelman noticed something strange about the looks of the card and recovered it. Upon ex amination he learned that the mes sages of cheer and contentment were only a veil used to secure passage by the authorities of the true conditions. Mr. Gelman has been in the United States seventeen years, many of which he has lived in Greenwood. TODAY'S BIRTHDAY HONORS. Congratulations go today to: Former Mayor F. A. Busse of Chi cago, 51 yean old. * ' ^ Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, 70 years old today, Rt. Rev. Thomas F, Lillis, head .of the Catholic diocese of Kansas City, 55 yean oldteday. • ; > I a • J ■ ; Take The Daily Commonwealth.