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THE DAILY COMMONWEALT -# - I I - i PUBLISHED EVERY AFTERNOOîTeXCÉPT SUNDAY GILLESPIE, Editor and Publisher ASSOCIATED PRESS NEWS ! _ union associated mums ° SUBSCRIPTION: BSPI&SfJ« J. L GREENWOOD, LEFLORE COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY AFTERNOON. APRIL 13, 1917. Volume i-number 193 . HS& T-1 rn LEFLORE WILL RAISE FOOD CROPS— RAMIERS REPORTED OFF THE COAST • HUNDREDS attend meeting at the COURT HOUSE THIS MORNING tototototoM Food Production and Conservation Conference A Great Success—Much Good Expected to Re sult-Resolutions Adopted. Despite bad weather fully a thous ind people assembled at the Court House here this morning to attend tha Food Production and Conservation conference. The meeting was alive with patriotism and enthusiasm and will do much good in awakening the people of this section to the necessity of raising more food crops and getting the farming system on a more inde pendent basis. made and brass band music fur Numerous speeches were nished. A resolution was adopted giving the of the meeting and pledging sep- j gratcly the different classes of citi to the support of the movement, The farmers declared in the résolu tion that not over sixty per cent., of .their lands would be planted in cot ton this year and that the remainder would be devoted to grain. The bank pledged themselves to lend money for the furtherance of the acreage of food crops at an interest rate not to exceed five per cent., and the merch ants and other pledged themselves to lend the movement their every effort sense tens en and to see that a market was sup plied for the surplus of grain and food stuff raised. Among the crowd assembled were many ladies who braved the weather to lend their part to the success of the meeting. Of the hundreds of men who were present quite a number of them were from out of town, citizens of this county and several were pres ent from adjoining counties. The meeting was called to order by Mr. T. H. Baird who nominated Sen ator W. M. Whittington as Chairman. He was elected, as was Mr. W. H. Hays as secretary. The Greenwood Municipal Band played the "Grand National" medley overture while the entire audience stood. The medley begins and ends with the "Star Span gled Banner, which was cheered to the echo, as was "Dixie," • A group of about one hundred and fifty school children who spent an hour at the meeting sang "The Star Spangled Banner .while the audience stood. Following a Prayer by Dr. W. C. Tyree they sang "America. Dr. Tyree in his Prayer thanked the j All Mighty that this Country is a i Christian Country, that it has a Chris tian President and prayed that the guidance of God be given the Presi dent and his advisors during these ( ■ trying times. He asked that patriot- ] ism might burn on the altar of every! heart in America and that everyone j do all in their power for the freedom ! of the Country and the principle of Christianity that "Old Glory'' stands | to Mr. Baird read several messages from different people and organiza tions relative to the meeting being held, one of which was from the Greenville Chamber of Commerce, stating that that body heartily endors ed the movement. for. at the out son not out W. Mr. Senator Whittington in an eloquent and patriotic address declared that . the call of the Country comes to ev eryone and that those present had as sembled to manifest confidence in the great leader of the United States, President Wilson and our represen tatives in the Congress. At the men tion of President Wilson's name the audience cheered. , munition, men and food is what this Country should give as her part of the war declared Senator Whittington. If you cannot go you do as much for jfour Country by planting more corn and other food stuffs on your plantation and in your gardens, he declared. He asserted that is was as patriotic a duty to livs for your Country as to dis for your Country. How shall we increase the supply of foodstuffs for man and best in Le flore County was the question to be decided, he declared. In closing ha called on Judge W. M. Hamner for a speech. Judge Hamner opened his remarks with the statement that the Declara tion of Independence signed in 177$ was a Declaration- of Independence for America, end that the one issued in the Halls of Congress by Presi dent Wilson at the convening of the extraordinary session of Congress was a Declaration of Independence for the World. He touched upon the fact that some within the military age limit had not shown due interest in the call of the Country, and he nrged that these young men be awakened to the duty i All which confronts them. | Judge Humer deetawd that with!» can ter, the next year the government prob ably will take over a large part of the output of the factories and the pack ing plants, which, would prevent ship ments of foodstuffs and meats to in dividuals. He pointed out the short-, age of cars which has been exper ienced during the past winter and sug gested that the government probably will take charge of the cars for Fed every section must take care of itself and not become a burden upon the era] uee. He stressed the fact that government in times of stress. j He declared that the time has gone when a planter can raise his bale of cotton, haul it to town, sell it and go to the store and buy what he wants. He must raise it at home, ev erything that he needs and then fill in with cotton. Captain John A. Webb, of Jackson, was the next man introduced. He is connected with the Illinois Central Railroad system in*an official capa city, his work being connected with the demonstration farming of that system. He pledged the hearty sup port of the railroads in the movement. He offered some excellent suggestions as to how to change from a cotton producing section to a grain and food producing section. Mr. E. C. Mclnnis, district agent for the Delta of the Agricultural Demon stration work of the United States Department of Agriculture in a splen did address delivered from the shoul der and with facts and figures at his fingers ends told the assembled hun dreds of the exact condition that con fronts the Delta. He mentioned the labor question first and told them of great numbers of negroes who have been lead to the northern cities by promises of easy money and light work. He explained how these labor ers could be brought back. Mr. Mclnnis declared it was the desire of his department to increase every poultry flock in the state, en large every pig den and raise more milk cows. He declared there was enough waste on the average Delta plantation to raise sixty pigs. the cultivation of that staple he de dared that it made no difference if cotton brought a dollar a pound it was the exchange value of cotton that really counted. This statement brought several "Amens" from different parts of the audience, He declared that the Delta raises less than fifty per cent., of its hay and and much less than that of its meat, He said that it was as much our duty to see that the Allies were fed prop erly as to raise enough to eat our seves. He stressed the necessity of raising some surplus food, Among the people present were two score or more of negroes who gave Relative to the price of cotton and a every attention to the speakers and appeared to thoroughly take in the grave phase of the situation. When at the close of Mr. Mclnnis' address Senator Whittington threw the meet ing open and called for statements from those present the first answer was from a negro from the gallery who said: "Send me a set of the res olutions to Itta Bena and we will teach the negroes to raise more corn and cotton, end raise it better, and to hunt out German spies." ,The negro who made the statement was P. R. Gib son of Itta Bena. Several of the gentlemen present end one lady answered the cell for volunteer statements. The lady did] not rise from her seat but spoke right out in tha meeting end .declared that "the women ere going to do their pert." The gentlemen who spoke were: Mr. W. S. Wingfield, Mr. Mike Sturdivant, Mr. Ed Kearney and Mr. J. R> Bing ham, the latter from Carrollton, ell endoned the movement, A committee of three men from each beet in the County wee author ised by resolution drawn up by thé committee to eerve as an advisory board and to complete th eorganiza tion of e Food Production and Con servation Association. All were TiThe Wir Commonwealth. of to the the the ers NEGROES ELECTROCUTED. Three Put to Death In Oklahoma Pen itentiary Today. (By Associated Prats) McAllister, Okie*., April 13—Ches ter, Taylor, Charles Young, end .Wil liam Williams, negroes, were electro cuted in te ing state penitentiary today, victed of murder. railroad bill . REINTRODUCED Gives President Power to Use Roads, Parts of Equipment or Employes for the Government. (By Associated Press) Washinton, April 13—Power for the President to order railway officials to operate any part of the rolling stock during the war time as he may see fit without actually taking over the railroads given in the common carrier * re ff u l a ti°n bill of last session wag re introduced in an amended form by Chairman Adamson of the House Commerce Committee. The provisions permit the President to control and operate all railroads, telephone and telegraph lines, draft the employees into military service, the use of the military for protec tion of the lines and the increase of the personnel of the Interstate Com merce Commission from seven to eleven men were included. CUT OVER LANDS RICH. Those of Arkansas Will Raise as Much Grain as High Priced Lands of North. (By Associated Press) New Orleans, April 13—The cut ov er lands of Arkansas are producing food products of greater value per acre than the high priced areas of the richest northern corn belt states, as cording to W. R. Lighton, of Fayette ville, Ark., in an address before the cut-over-land conference today. SEARCH IS MADE FOR ALLEGED SPY Mysterious Man, Driving Team from Memphis, Having Veiled Deal ings With Colored People. Close search is being made in the ter ritory laying between Philipp and Ruby, Miss., by military and civil authorities for a suspicious character, thought to possibly be an agent of the German government said to have been making an effort to arouse the negroes of the South against the white people, according to information reaching here today. The suspicious actions of the man, who was driving through the country in a buggy, and the fact that he was making it a point to talk directly with the negroes and not otherwise show ing his business, lead to an investiga tion .which resulted in a determina tion last night to apprehend the man himself. His trail was taken after night and parties at Ruby were noti fied to be on the watch for him, as he was headed that way. Shortly afterwards his team, with i a negro driving, was stopped at Ruby by Mr. Price MLcemore and others but the white man had escaped and his whereabouts are unknown. It is thought possible that he learned of the intentions of the searching party to arrest him and rather than face the music took to the woods. The search coninyes. BUSY FACTORIES FEAR RE CRUITING HANDICAP. Washington, April 13—(By Union Associated Press)—The attention of government has been called to con ditions in the great manufacturing plants of the country and the embar rassment they will face in the event of most of the workers being called to the war, some plants hot with standing the fact that record orders had to be handles. Employers feel that this will be one of the most dif ficult problems to solve in connection with the entrance of the United States into the European war, and it is re ported that they have expressed their views to the proper government offi ciale. With the great plants biddng high prices for labor and finding it difficult to obtain an adequate supply, the possible withdrawal of competent workers is looked upon wth forebod ings. This is not a question of pa triotism, but merely of economics. A* the government will need many of the products of the factories, it is nrged that the draft upon their work ers be ae light ae possible. ALLIED COUNCIL PLANS TRADE WAR. Berlin, April 12—(By Union Asso ciated PYess)—According to the Ov ersees Agency, » conference of Enten te Nations began e conference in Rome today, which will last until April 20. The purpose of the meet ing la to discuss measures of economic wwfara after tin conclusion of peaco. i COTTON, GRAIN ANG PROVISIONS New York Closed Five to Sixteen Down and New Orleans Five to Thirteen Dawn. The New York cotton market closed five to 16 points off today and^New Orleans five to 13 down. Spots were unchanged. Sales, 3,013 bales. NEW YORK MARKET. Prev. Open High Low Close Close May 20 60 20.77 20 36 20 38 20.64 July 20 30 20.47 19 97 20 05 20.26 Oct. 19.08 19.17 18.89 18.96 19.00 Dec 19.15 19.22 18.97 18 98 19.05 Closed 6 to 16 down, New York Spots 20.85. NEW ORLEANS MARKET. Prev. Open High Low Close Close May 19.71 19.82 19 50 19.56 19.69 July 19.50 19.60 19.15 19.32 lj.47 Oct 18.66 18.64 18.27 18.45 -S&60 Dec 18.64 18.70 18.39 18.52 18.56 Closed 5 to 13 down. New Orleans Spots 19.81. Sales 3013. ' LIVERPOOL MARKET. Close. Prev. Close .12.62 12.39 MBy-June. July-Aug. Sept-Oct. Spots 13.08 12.46 12.85 12.22 11.94 Sales 4000. CHICAGO GRAIN MARKET. Close Prev. Close 2.21 1-4 WHEAT-May CORN-May. 1.36 1-2 OATS—May . 2.17 1-2 1.34 3-4 ,65 1-4 .65 1-4 CHICAGO PROVISIONS. Close Prev. Close 37.60 21.10 PORK-May.36.25 LARD—May RIBS-May... 20.80 19.82 .19,52 • tt NEW YORK COTTON OIL MARKE Close. 15.35 Prev. Close. 15.40 May 16.40 Aug. 15.30 H. GREENWOOD COTTON RECEIPTS. 111,566 100,717 Since Sept. 1, 1916,.I. Same date last year.... Weed ending April 12, 1917,— Same week last year. Stock on hand now. Same date last year. Increase of receipts over same date last year. 663 780 22,796 15,963 ing ..... . ,. Mississippi—Probably rain tomgnt luipi!,!,, TFSnFPA RTM FNT I the UNITED SIATES DEPARTMENT in 10,849 THE WEATHER Forecast. OF AGRICULTURE WEATHER BUREAU. April 13, 1917. Local Data,. Greenwood, Miss. For the 24 Hours Ending at 7 A. M. ern few here ably Temperature: Highest • 73 degrees Lowest • 55 degrees At 7 a.m. - 57 degrees 0.29 inches 34.4 feet - 0.6 feet Precipitation - - • - River Stage,7 a.m - - Change in 24 hours - - J. H. STEPHEN Local Observer. FOOD PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM There are in the Eleven Cotton States 6,500,000 HORSES AND MULES. If each of these were feed 2 lbs. of Cotton Seed Meal per day, it would release 4 lbs. of Corn each per day—and 200 days of such feeding to all horses and mules would release 100,000,000 bushels of corn for human food— and the mules woujd be benefited by the change. 4 lbs. corn at $1.25 per bu. costs 11 cents, 2 lbs. o£ Cotton Seed Meal at $40.00 per ton costs 4 cts. The feeder would thus save 7 cents per day or $14.00 per year on each head of stock. We suggest such feeding now and the planting of Soy and Velvet Beans or Peas in all Corn as an economic and patriotic duty. DR. TAIT BUTLER, Editor Progressive Farmer. E. R. LOYD, Director Miss., Experiment Stations. COTTON OIL GO. INDJANOLA, MISS. THE PLANTERS OIL MILL&MFC CO GREENWOOD, MISS. mm i n iittièê t i rtm i MM— u i f ffit MMMM t»< HOUSE DEBATING WAR MONEY BILL It is Hoped That Measure Will Pass Bjr Tomorrow Afternoon—To the Senate Next Week. (By Associated Press) Washinton, April 13—Debate the seven billion dollar whr revenue bill began in the House today with prospects of its passage before to morrow night. The only opposition looked for is of a perfunctory nature as most of the members are said to favor the measure. No effort has been made to limit de bate and.the discussion is expected to take wide range, possibly including the question of sending troops to Eu rope and conscription. It is hoped to report the bill to the Senate the firat of next week. on "DEFENSIVE SEA AREAS." (By Associated Press) Washinton, April 13—An executive order designating as "defensive sea ' Areas" the coast of the United States and insular possessions was made public today. In the South they are Havanna, Key West, Tampa, Pennsa cola, Mobile, the Mississippi coast and Galveston. AMERICANS BUY SHIPS. (By Associated Press) . London, April 13—A Copenhagen dispatch says that Danish newspapers report that Americans are buying a majority of the Norwegian ships un der constructien in American ship yards. HALF FOOT RISE IN YAZOO RIVER River Men Predict An Eighteen Inch Rise in Next Day or Two—Heavy !... Rain* in Hills. Another half foot rise in the Yazoo River was recorded during the twenty four hours ending at seven o'clock this morning and a rainfall of 0.39 inches during the same period was shown, according to local observer J. H. Steven's chart of the weather and River conditions. The River stage this morning was 34.4 feet. Yester day it was 33.9 feet. River men declare that an eighteen inch rise in the River is due in the next two days without further rain fall. Additional precipitation will cause the rise to be higher. Great volumes of water are pour ing into the Yazoo River from the Yallobusha and other streams that 14 drain the hill districts and it is this water which jg gwelling the floodg in the YaZ °°' HeaVy rainS h8Ve **»«>! in the northeastern and central north ed ern counties of the state in the past few days, according to reports. An eighteen inch rise in the River here will put the back water in po sition to do much damage and prob ably will result in some planted crops being covered with water. Famous Allegretti Chocolates Exquisite Norris Candies Full Line Magazines Hotel Irving Cigar and News Stand. GREAT DRIVE OF THE FRENCH AND BRITISH IN FRANCE CONTINUES totototopnto New Gains Made Over Germans by Both Forces —Many Prisoners and Machine Guns Cap tured—Several Ships Sunk. (By Associated Press) Great holes are being driven in the famous Hindepburg Line by the Brit ish in a powerful thrust from Lens to St. Quentine. Today's reports tell of advances along a nine mile front. The French in attacks have also orded successes between the Summe River and St Quentin railways. rec RAIDERS ARE REPORTED. (By Associated Press) BULLETIN. Washington, April 13. —Many reports of German raiders and submarines lying in wait near the American ports to destroy merce reached the Nijjvy Department today through civilian channels. Offi cial confirmation lacking. com BRITISH MAKE GAINS. (By Associated Press) London, April 13—(Jgrman positions on a wide front were captured by the British after severe fighting the office announces. The front attacked extended from Nargicourt td* Metzen Couture, a distance of nine miles. The British captured the town and wood of Guzeaucourt, Gauch wood and Sart Farm. FRENCH CAPTURE PRISONERS. Paris, ApriJ 13—The French made ' an attack this morning of a front north of St. Quentin. The Germans resist ed desperately but the French captur ed several lines of trenches, taking many prisoners and a considerable! number of machine guns. The French also made gains east of Coucy La Ville, taking prisoners and booty. war (By Associated Press) STEAMERS TORPEDOED, (By Associated Press) New York, April 13—Reports of the Highest Price Ever Reached at Chi WHEAT REACHES $2.25. I ! cago—New Record Every Day. (By Associated Press) Chicago, April 13—May wheat to day touched $2.26 and July $1.94 1-4. -o j FREIGHT SHIPPERS IN CONFER ENCE. Chicago, April 13—(By Union As- 1 »»crated Press)—Representatives of 14 national organizations of shippers beginn a conference here today to con gider what action may be deemed ad-, visable in reg8rd t0 the petition re ' cently filed by the railroads with the . United States Interstate Commerce ! Commission asking for a general in-|to crease in rates.-» The men who have I called the conference will urge, it is ! said, that no increase rates be grant-1 ed by the commission without full in -1 THE FIRST LINE OF WAR DEFENSE AT HOME IS THE FURROW— GROW ENOUGH TO FEED YOURSELF! ■? m X * n the tell torpedoing and sinking of tha Danish steamship Daisy and the British schooner Greenwood by German tab marines in the Mediterranean hare to* day by survivors from the two ves sels passengers on a Spanish vessel. VE8SEL NOT TORPEDOED. (By Associated Press) New York, April 13—Official denial from the Cuban authorities that the British vessel Treveal was sunk at Cienfueo by a German submarine wits cabled here today to the Republic of Cuba news bureau. rec 13. PRO-GERMAN PAPER WRECKED. (By Associated Press) Saopaulo, April 13—The Office« of the Diaro Alemando, a pro-German organ, were wracked last night by » mob of pro-Ally sympathizers. The presses were destroyed. the BRAZILIANS CALLED HOME. (By Associated Press) Rio Janeiro, April 13—Foreign Min ister Mullen has cabled the Brasilian, minister at Berlin asking him to urge Brazilians in Germany to leave that country within 24 hours. A decree has been issued withdraw ing exequitros to German consuls. Inspection of German vessela in. Bra zilian ports show that important parts ' are missing rendering the vessels ose lass. Renewed anti-German demon onstrations occurred last night, ' BRITISH REPULSED. (By Associated Press) Berlin, April 13—From Arras-Gav relle road to the' River Scarp«, the war office announces, Britiah divisions: which bwice attacked were repulsed, with heavy losses. Southeast of Am* several attacks in which the cavalry participated failed. ask that their side of the question be I vestigation of the subject, as required ! by law. The shippers, it is said, will INTEREST IN COWLER-MOBAN BOUT. j heard by the commission before final action is taken. New York, April 13—(By Union Associated Press)—Now that Carl 1 and Fred Fulton have shown their teetotal unfitness to dispute the world's heavyweight crown with chsm ion Jess Williard, unusual interest is shown in the bout here tonight be tween Tom Cowler ' the »»**<*» contender for the championship, and Frank Moran. The men are matched fight ten rounds before the Har lem Sporting Club and Cowler ia a favorite in the betting. o Take The Daily Commonwealth.