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\ the daily 1 x%t; 'g| • '/'V If ASSOCIATED PRESS NEWS SERV UNION ASSOCIATED PRESS SERVICE. PUBLISHED EVERY AFTERNOON EXCEPT SUNDAY , ;Y ^5pIE, Editor and Publisher 1—NUMBER 284. 4 I* 1 SUBSCRIPTION: flH&gR.«» V&WtJH GREENWOOD, LEFLORE COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY AFTERNOON. JULY 27, 1917. VOLUME SITUATION v® * to-totototototototototototototototototototototo' RRIkRR<«ERMM|«hKiMNKlMllllil*MR*i [ [ K Hniise AND SENATE RECESS: m FOOD BILL" REFEREES WORK f - M ton Awaiting Final Agreement ot Commit Measure—Probably Will Be Reached Tonight—Abandon Fight Congress tee on Associated Press) July 27 —Work on the continued by (By meeting informally abandon the fight for Congressional Com Wsshington Food Control Bill was L conference committee today whde the House and Senate are in recess siting the report. Some of the con, ,,. a gay that an agreement may be by tonight. The House Re st a publicans the creation of a AMERICA W LEARNED MANY lessons from her alues Associated Press Staff Correspondent Writes About the Trials Yet to Go Through—Bap tism of Fire the Worst of All. ntototototo ntototototo » V I. H.sdnuarters in France, i - Th. Associated Press)-The arrival of the îl contingents of the American ïv in France serve to recall the fact that the United States is enter in* a war already old and wise—wise with the dearly bought wisdom ef three long adventurous years—and steeped in all the diabolical wicked that incessant delving ipto the deviltries of destruction can Ifttaig to Having escaped the first terrors of veaoons which German science had 3Sd through tolling years of mill t»ry preparation, the American dlv isions will nevertheless «ptwltf e went tally into a seething cauldron which Ï grown from the unavoidable pol k y of 'fighting the devil with fire", They will have quickly to learn not only to take the awful German fright fulness with calm endurance, but to return it with an ever increasing measure. In doing this many nerve testing and soul-searching experiences undoubtedly lie before them, but there already thousands of young Americans in the Canadian and Brit ish ranks who have proved themselves traditionally worthy in the scorchin. flames of modern war. The American forces are fortunate indeed to be able to base their educa tion upon the bitter lessons learned by the French and British soldiers in all the eventful days that have fol lowed the first rush of battle in 1914. Marvellously complete books of in «traction have been bullded upon those experiences and out of these the American soldiers will glean the last word knowledge that will fit them for the foremost trenches. ness it are the foremost trenches. First of all, when they take their place, will come the baptism of fire German shells that scream in from the noisy black high - explosive •far and burst with terrifying re ports—sometimes in most unexpected places. The Germans are great be lievera both in noise and high-explo live. They even mix their adored "H E" with their shrapnel shells which break high in the air and send their bullets showering down with'the whine of an angry winter wind. The Amer icans soon will learn to distinguish the individual songs of the various shells for there is not the slightest doubt that the moment he discovers they are in the "line," the German wiH turn every available calibre of weapon against them in a flourish of introduc tory "hate." They will come over in order—these shrieking, grumbling missile«—ranging in size and noise *11 the way from the naaty little pip squeaks or whiz-bangs, up through the four-point-twos, the flve-polnt-nlnes *nd then on to what the British Tom mies laconically call ''the big stuff" —the eight and eleven-inch howitzer sheila and the projectiles from heavy calibred long range naval guns, known without affection aa "Whistling Percy«.* There will be little opportunity to hear a "Big Bertha," for those fam «us old 42-centimeter howitzers are aeldom used nowsdsys. It is believed that the Germans planned to bombard Arra« with them, using pfusslc acid "hells, but the British advance on Eds * or Monday last put a stop to that particularly nefarious scheme against the already sadly battered Artois cathedral city. There ii also awaiting the new American army a bounteous baptism « bomb» and hand grtnedM f#d thi mittee on War Expenditures. R. AND H. ON WAY. (By Associated Press) Washington, July 27—The Rivers and Harbors bill is on the way to conference today following its pas sage yesterday by the Senate by a vote I of fifty to eleven. It passed the House a month ago. Provision for a Fed j era j -Waterways Commission of seven j members was one of the points of dis ; pute. still more dismaying introduction to U. ehMlIy r.«!. .Ml» — r ; and its sinister swish of spraying bul lets—sounds well calculated to stab with a moment of fear the heart of the bravest men. But above all the American sol diers must equip themselves to endure the lethal gas that will be sent oyer agqjnst them in poisonous, vaporish elouds, or showered upon them in a deluge of heavily charged cylinders and sheila,. They must prepare to deal also with the treacherous lachryma tory gas which while not dangerous to life irritates the tearduct. unt.l one cries withhlmdcd, ! ye ® L*" Knurs. The .sorpri^ gases is their altogether Peasant smell, the leathal variety suggesting the clean odor of a sanitary hospital ward, while the so-called ear gas has the appetizing scent of crushed ripe applies, or cider, There is also the reason-shaking terror of the "flamenwerfer," with its roaring stream of liquid fire flaring with the velocity of a high pressure fire nozzle and with an offpouring of smoke rising like a black cyclone cloud to the heavens. The first day of their stay in battle trenches the Americans will make the acquaintance of a very old, but scarce ly cherished, friend of the Tommies and Poilus— another member of the Werfer family known as This is the German mine thrower or minewerfer, which flings over at short range great heavy projectiles known as "flying pigs" because of their wab bly, ungainly flight. They go off with a deafening roar, expending more en ergy on noise, however, than on ma terial damage. Minnie ergy terial damage. A notable development of the war has been the dread with which t e Germans have seen weapons of their own invention turned against them, and turned with a steadily increasing intensity. Their prisoners speak o the terror these weapons have caused and declare the German higher corn mand is realizing all too late the Frankensteins it brought into being, While the Entente allies are muliply ing these terrors on the lines laid down by Emperor William himself, the er mans, isolated so long from the wor find their resources and materials con stantly failing both as to means carrying on this style of warfare and what is more important to them, com batting the retributive measures un dertaken by British and French. . jsssr s suss second attack on Ypres when the Al He., little suspecting such a weapon had no protection whatever against SSTrSs gotten. But the manner m. which ^—iSSrts? in a of the Germane . to what they hoped would be a vie rio march to Calais and Boulogne, wil ever be one of the most r * .. j ies of the world war. 0 J . i British fairly bathe the ; every form of gas w e slightest opportunity offers and p oners all say their losses in tacks have been alarming Y ' Gas is sent over in cr k ee P' ng ."""T | fog, is shot over in bombs that sud new denly ex P lo f* ln . tr ® n ?f' eS _* n h ui- ti OT trances to dugouta. wile n thi «looping quart«« for troop« in r«« 1 J MANY ARE ALLED BUT FEW ARE CHOSEN ÄT I OSH liiilUJ til EXEMPTION , BOARD I ! SC nhl I.J 7L LUi 4j UB niin 1 . US.jGOVr \ fi L in' mi I, m 0) r unit I V » Hu* r frnïïni % 5 TTTÎTÏT (TTmT l • ■ • • ill* ctD-li . 115 a ilÿ: 1 & IlM ITT U I lliiiliii'lY I I nil! ! & ARTHUR JACKS is improving! Young Man Shot Tuesday Night Was Clear of Fever This Morning— Has Good Chance. Young Arthur Jacks, the seventeen year old white boy who was shot Tuesday night by another boy named Jim Smith, at Miller's Well nine miles from here and who is suffering from a bullet wound through the aBddfffen, which perforated the intestines six teen times, is much better and was en tire clear of fever this morning, ac cording to his physician. His chances now considered very for recovery are good. Young Jacks was first reported to i old but it has since be nineteen years been learned that he is only seven teen. According to information re ceived here yesterday afternoon from a source of authority there has been feeling expressed against the young recently by Jim Smith and two e the er un man of his brothers. Jacks accompanied by a young man home from friend were returning preaching services and stopped at the their mules. Smith and well to water of his brothers alleged to have approached the said to have declared fixing two been waiting near well and are their intention of From the account it seems began beating Jacks with a cane be fore alighting from his horse. The matter of the stolen watermelon was broached and lead to the shooting. The unarmed at the Jacks. that Smith wounded man was time and when brought to the hospital here had only a small pen knife and a watch in his pockets. FIGHTING IN CHINA. (By Associated Press) Shanghai, China, July 27—A corre spondent of the North China Daily News reports serious fighting at Cheng-Tu, the capital of the province of Sze-Chen, where Kwei- Chow and Yun-Nan troops have resumed the quarrel for the mastery of the city. The city iB in flames. The people are fleeing in a panic. _ of „ , line srif £ £ •«> ~ rubber with they find ma8k9> which to construct tj« ^ ar ® oil drums which shells which break over them spurting atreams of melted lead, are other cm! to. XTZllZLr th^half-finis^ the terror of J _ are ' OT ed letters found on frout line dwell upon war; or that some go so a desperate envy of the dead. If it happons you win see it in The Daily Commonwealth, , „ ., . » * »n. COTTON, GRAIN and provisions Ncw York Cotton Sixty Two Off and New Orleans Seventy Two Off at Close. I not The New York cotton market lost sixty points and New Orleans was seV enty two points down at the close. Spots at Ne wYoik were sixty off and twenty five up «t.$p* Orleans. Sales 1,023. ; he I NEW YORK MARKET. Prev. Open High Low Close Close 23.75 23.80 24.42 23.54 23.61 24.23 23.40 23.52 24.10 Oct. 24.40 24 40 i Dec 24.18 24.18 j an 23.98 24.00 Closed 62 off. New York Spots 25.20— 60 off. NEW ORLEANS MARKET. Prev. Open High Low Close Close 22.70 22.75 23.46 22.73 23.45 22.78 22.78 23.55 Oct 23.46 23.47 Dec 23.40 23.41 22.67 Jan 23.50 23.51 Closed 72 off. New Orleans Spots 25.00 25 off. Sales 1023. CHICAGO GRAIN MARKET. Close Prev. Close 2.22 1-2 1.63 1-4 58 7-8 .. ..2.26 WHEAT-Sept... CORN-Sept. OATS-Sept. 1.63 60 CHICAGO PROVISIONS. Close .40,35 . 20.50 Prev. Close 40.40 20.65 PORK-Sept LARD-Sept RIBS-Sept.. NEW YORK COTTON OIL MARKET Close. Prev. Close 13.74 1390 21.82 .21.60 at the are Sept. Nov. 13.67 .13.51 THE WEATHER Forecast. Mississippi—Generally fair tonight and Saturday. to. Father Attacked HtaMother and H. Pal J t^lJta day when the latter attacked th fighters mother. , Take The Daily Commonwealth. and Saturday. STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WEATHER BUBEAU. Julv 27 1917. Loeal Data, Greenwood, Miss. Hours Ending at 7 A. M. 94 degrees Lowest - 72 degrees At 7 a. m. - 75 degrees . 0.00 inches . . 9.6 feet UNITED For the 24 Temperature: Highest Precipitation • • - River Stage,7 a. m - - Change in 24 houra—fall J. H. STEPHEN, Loeal Observer. 0.3 feet FIGHTER IS SHOT. MANY SLACKERS atclarksdale Physician Member of Board Prevent ed from Attending Duties by Pleas for Exemptions. I Clarksdale hhs so many slackers, so many able bodied young men who do not want to go to war that Dr. T. M. Dye, medical examiner for the Exemp tion Board, was for three entire days unable to practice his, profession, or wait or. his patients because of "the which beseiged him to find if ; army he could not possibly give them some grounds for exemption." The Clarksdale Register is the auth ority for the fact that slackers aie so plentiful in that vicinity. In. part it said yesterday: "Numbers and numbers of young men, splendid physical beings, are lit erally 'quaking in their boots' and tak ing every means they can thin* of to I secure their exemption, even to go ing before the county exemption board and the medical examiner with the hop: of getting a pre-examination, exemption, but they are doomed to disappointment if they believe any action previous to the time the board actually begins it sittings will bring them exemption. "If exery man in every city in county in every state in the Un badly scared, for fear or ev ery ion was as they will pass the physical examina tion in the Selective Draft as some of the men in Clarksdale, Germany would have nothing to fear from the forces of Uncle Sam.' NEGRO SETS NEW SPEED RECORD Home Stretch Resulted Blowout on in Police Winning Over LeRoy Thomas in Race. H. j ^terit had lastad for-eral blocks Jtook a h»J -d ther, risked up * j rvS and fhe car in which , L poUce caught up with the race. Thomas crossad the Ymoo iver Thomas in Race. LeRoy Thomas, a negro, is now serv ing time on the City Farm, another negro from Kern Switch is back home sporting his new suit of clothes well pleased and half the town is talk ing about the race that took place with Thomas at yesterday afternoon playing fox and the police and others called to their aid playing the part of the hounds in close pursuit. Thomas has been living at Ke ™* Switch and when opportunity knocked a t his door he listened. e aval himself of the chance ta je g 3U it of clothes and a shirt for no j ing and wearing his new apparel- he Greenwood. The clothes be who so came to longed to the other negro licited the aid of a white man when he missed them. The white man ac companied him to town to look for .he clothes and soon after reaching Green wood the negro spied Jackson wear ing his suit. It was then the race be DRASTIC ACTION IN RUSSIA BRINGS SIGNS IMPROVEMENT i ' ■ in total* Mm Renewed Evidence of Solidity Shows on Other Entente Fronts Also—Allies Will Wage War Until Aims are Reached. (By Associated Press) Despite the continuance of unfav orable news from the Russian war theatre there are occasional signs of improvement in the situation. Petro grad newspapers last êvening report ed a somewhat better situation at the front probably the result of the dras tic measures authorized by the gov ernment to restore discipline. Simi lar stringent measures appear effec tive in dealing with the disorderly ele ments in Petrograd. In the meanwhile the Entente fronts elsewhere are giving renewed evidence The Allied conference in Paris has adjourned with a renewed déclara tion of their intention to 'continue the war until the- Central Powers are in a position where it will .not be possible for them again to pursue their policy of criminal aggression. of solidity. KOLOMEAD CAPTURED. (By Associated Press) Berlin, July 27--An official state ment says.that the Germans have cap tured the Galician town of Kolomead and are advancing rapidly oil sides of the Dniester River. The Em peror yesterday watched the extend gains at the Sereth Bridge head. The troops of the Archduke Joseph on td Rumanian front are re htreating. ' GOVERNMENT ' STRENGTHENED. (By Associated Press) ..Washington, July 27—Military re n to- to n to- to BIG STRIKE SET for tomorrow Switchman in Chicàgo'Terminals Will Walk Out—Government Trans portation Tied Up. (By Associated Press) Chicago, July' 27^Six ' thousand switchmen emploÿed in the ■ Chicago terminals are-' expected to strike to tomorrow morning according to an nouncement by Frank Hasler of the General .Managers conference commit Railroad officials said that the strike would probably tie op considerable government • transportation and said that it resulted from demands of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen for a closed shop. Brotherhood officials assert it is due to the failure of the-railroads to con cede to certain rules affecting work ing conditions. , , up which race. iver OFFICER LO SES HIS ARTILLERY and Riot Whistle "Lifted" Off of Him By Unknown 011 Streets of Greenwood. . . Gun Hive vou seen him? Il not watch r H him for he is suspicious of every ÏÏJto.'aTÏÏ » Ofc, °f .1.0 law a Deputy Sheriff and in all a \ ' b ut'he'has lost his fix tures of office In other words about four davs ago some one stole Mr. E. H Gripjen's revolver- and riot whistle while that, gentleman was on the YT you see'Vim shadowing anyone :[ VVliine hip pocket you will with a bulging hip PoeKe^y ^ ^ •one at ™* e he be so know that he is on And that the former is not a sus don't get gun pected German spy, alarmed. If he comes around you the best idea is to expose ÿôur gun pock so its to avoid suspicion So. far Mi'. Grippen has given out no information regarding the loss of his property which disappeared al days ago. He has a „ on his wheel and it was probably from that place- it tfas taken. It docs not possible that- it could baye been •ed front his pocke'. so sever babit of hanging Ms gun ac .he wear be seem rêne' bridge at a high rate, cast a tire, vaulted the railing and sailed to the (.found some thirty feet below, hitt ing terra firma -on -the. run. The cap ture was made -after a most exciting race of half an hour during which time some'*of the people of North Greenwood- thought the Germans lad »ttaokidM* have enormously strengthened the hands of the government at Pe trograd, according to a dispatch from Ambassador Francis to the State De partment today. They have shown the impossibility of the control of the army by the Soldiers Committees the the Ambassador reports and have lead to a universal demand fof strong er discipline, Petrograd, jTuly 27—The Russian cavalry threw back pressing Auatro | German infantry Wednesday in the re gi on southwest of Monastierzyska, Eastern Galicia, says an official state ment The Russian announcement a sayg that the Rumanians have ad vance( j toward the upper reachea of the g uc hita River and have consoli i dated their guns. The Rumaniahn» took many prisoners and six guns. verges RUSSIANS MAKE STAND. (By Associated Press) both'concluded their conference yesterday after announcing their decision to con troops'tinuo. the war until the objects for which they are fighting had been at tained. The agreements on all deew re- ions were unanimous. A meeting will be held in London to draw executive WILL FIGHT IT OUT. (By Associated Press) Paris, July 27—The Allied Powers measures. The Entente Powers decided to with draw troops as soon as possible from Ancient Greece, Tessaly and Epirua. totototototototototo. re PENN STATE TOO HOT FOR BLACKS Race Rioting Caused Death of Two • and Injury to Score of Other* —'Labor Troubles. (By Associated Press) Chester, Pa., July 27—With armed guards patrolling a large area of the city quiet was restored here early today after another outbreak of race rioting which exacted a toll of two lives, and caused the injury of a score of others. .. National Guardsmen and the state police assisted in restoring order after the rioting was resumed last night. Seventy four are under ar rest. The rioting was a direct result of the killing of a white man by ne but officials declare the impor groes tation of negro laborers from the South previously caused ill feeling. Rioting was resumed at noon. One negro was shot. METTS WILL BE MADE A MAJOR Capain of Local Battery and Other Officers in Jackson Today for Preliminary Examination*. All of the officers of Battery C., of the First Mississippi Regiment of LM* Artillery, m I*. I*«» standing what is known as tbeir p liminary examination, tn preparation for the transfer of from state control to that of the F b eral War Department on Auguat the flflfc of the Fir#t Reg iment of Artillery has already completed and the various fled offl ^ gelected but their com missions have not been given them because of the absence of the Govem er from the state. As soon as they are signed the personnel of the organiza tion will be announced. Captain A. C. Metts, of the Battery being the rank ing Captain in the Regiment will be made a Major and Lieutenant Harry Hulen will succeed him as Captain of the Battery. . The officers who are in Jackson to day are, Captain A. C. Motts, First Lieutenants Harry Hulen and Ray mond Reeves and Second Lieutenants J. L. Minor and James T. Loyd. They will return tonight. -O BIG REGATTA ABANDONED. Lynn, Mass,, July 27—(By Union Associated Press)-The championship regatta of the National Association of Amateur Oarsmen, scheduled to ,take place hew today,«» been aban doned on account of the war.