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haulhuut signal. HOME MEN AND HOME RULE. "KKLSPffAJfc UtiklUM !■ IHt _ _ __ _ _— ■ ■ 1 ... - • -* — vol~21- NO. 2fi._ HAZLEIIURST, COPIAH COUNTY, MISS., FEBRUARY £>, I88(i._$2.00 A YEAR. — 1 ai PROFESSIONAL CARDS. * J. L. MEADE, Attorney nt Iiiiw, HAlLEHPRBT, MW. _. R. R. MII.LKH, M. C. CORK. MILLER & CONN, AUomeyM ill I ii»w IIAZI.KIintST. Miss. JO. PURSER, Alloi’iiey nt I IIAZI.KIII’KMT, Miss._ S. D. RAMSEY, Attorm'V nl 1 iinv, ii ISLRHt ROT, MlHR, L R. NIHRID, U. S. POPPR. H A R R IS & DODDS. AtJorneyK nt l^nw II AZI.KIU’ltST, Miss. ~ DR. JESSE R. JONES, l’r.icticimr Physician, llA/.I.KIiniST, Miss. DR. C. VV. PURNELL, Physician ami Snnycon, IIAZI.Kimt'T, MISS, c. k. mils r. k. jiu OATIS & OAT IS, Physicians ami Surgeons, HAZLKIII'UST, MISS._ DRTs. f7cA RR, I f(t 1 IIAZLEIIUIWT, Miss. (MfiTt lil< wrvi. 't t<» Ilit* |ml4ir mi l pim-miltst ,uti.(n<’ti >u. oi!l<*ov«r |Wt< t.tlli-M LiiiI.Iiiu. DK. J. H. MAGRUDER, r>K^rvriST, HA/.I.KHUUST, Miss. Alt h «rk gumnnt.vtl, OilUv* in Mn>'*rtt Iltil Luil.Uut;. u|t .mil « **n i «i It. r*i In. i G. D. LOW E, Justice of Pazca and Notary Public, lUZLEIIl’UST, Mt>S. nidio in front of Cotirllt >n*r. P.E.HEIWAY, ' IIAKKrt AM> I.LI Alim Unions, iltu^ivs anil Plows. icrcra os hash STEAM PIPES AND FITTINGS, Til CHADS, IM I’ll, ▲so tx tm any FARM AND MAC1NE ELACKSH1THING. T. or. aF»s3SJiu, Mmiufailur, r ami r- |>alr >, of lliuririps, IViirrmis aii'l Plows —AND— JENKHAIi FARM WORK. NImii> ,'ii Front *u«t »14o of tail* tu»l. Jerk Guaranteed and Prices Beassnailt TOHV'S HOUSE, No. 140 1‘oydra* Street, tUtn t fnSt. Cbarlo *‘i<l Cuto;> Nlrwti, .NSW ORLEANS, LA. LODGING AT REASONABLE PRICES. To>t i.Bt.MKRA. I*nipri-,t,*r. W. P. HUGHES, BOOT \.\i* SIIOKII IKKIL REAR OLI» TOMTOKKIC K. Good Work and Satisfaction Gcaranteed. lla/lclinrNt, >11**. Business College JACKSON, MISS. .Young men of ciif’kr iixl iptflllffiat who .i«*«ir* to make tlo*ir w». in th* world |iv It atilt* Of NOMIIIV and their own |q. duntrion* efforts, will hat* the ln>«0 ml vantage* offered them In »!*•« lii*»itii»lon f,,r MCt|u!riiig a thorough l u»m*«a rduca* linn. Kortr Dollar* uccur. *a •cbolirdilp for a c< ni| l«ta coursa in Hook'ICaepiug ami l‘*n uiamdiip. ' n. , Tt.* i utii * cip«u*o to occur* a Diploma n.w| not *nr«il *iu». including scholarship, II >«trd, lk oka, Htatiouwrv and W aching. Tim »ovud oaaoion of tbu writ Mtaldiah •d school lic^lu* Mi pt. 14th, ISv. Send for cirvulara uu l •|i*»ciincn» of |>an Uiau*hl|>. HOUDEBtmil & WYATT, Propneiofm. IOIjTZ^ HORSE AND CATTLE POWDERS ' . n «,*» ’- * "* Li»a fa it tmul l*o» il*r* *r* u*i tallin*. _ fi -to powi»r»willi-m*,wl wct«ill«ii a*to»* frwtia l*ow.l*r» n n prr<rn» i;»rr« IS PWIA r II, , I im*ifj*l OIIIV III I..I «mt rr*u* iwent? per onr *»; *>***• u.* l>uii*r ** tlAyV Vow trf* wltl <nr* i*rp t'*tll at.nort nut nJ.iH to wrnc h lion** uj t tttt.* «• wio'cck i nTT 1‘* rowl» *• WILL SI** »**t*S*CltOB. PM Otw/WMIW. l)*Tjr V. FOHTi. Froprutar, •aCcuiom.kb. L. L. BRITTAIN TT A WIT .TBirmiBT. m m m MIS -DEALER IN— General Merchandise, KEEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND A PULL LIKE OF Dry Goods and Groceries, Boots, Shoos, HATS AND CAPS. Boys’, Youths’, and Gents’ Clothing. —nw stock <>r— JiAIHIX 1>.U12NN (iOOI)S Is of tho Tcrj latest ityki, and prieea arc as low as the lowest. Ho ia now pro* pared t*> furuish Pianos, Organs, Violins ami other Musical Instruments AT LOW FIGURES AND OX REASONAMLE TERMS. *441 14 IMiiAl H CU,Pi<rtKT«"';>«U iou«c\jTcrri*Qi*c MU cwist "•? Kf«. CO. S, I. RAGSDALE, HAZLEHURST, - MISS., AOKNT Foil Tin: HAI.K OK Ilardware, Machinery, Boilers, Engines, Saw Mills, Corn Mills, Caneand Rice Mills, Hand and Horse Power Hay and Cotton Presses, Gins, &c. WOOD AMI* IB N WORK IM Machinery ol* All Kinds Turbine \V«t#r Wlirrln, f'lrviilnr Sawn, n. ltm„. Ku-ilm-s Oil*. Kuiory Wheel*,ami Aliil Supnlie- of nil kiiul*. W, -.11 Mu 1 or rj M lowBl i* mu M Imiiglit III New Orlm'in, HI. l.ouW or Mem j.bii. K tiniiitoH nu<l ealalo^iH* fumi-beU on eiM'Umtion. I Ha to In Stork a Full Awortmeiit of Hardware. Fall ami Kxamine Stork ami I'rirrs. ___ i MiLLSAPS & BROTHER, xxvTL«5X-.i3xxTjn«T\ - - - Misaissirn, PKAI.KHS IN— Steele Cry Goods, Groceries, Hardware,; HOOTS. SHOES. HATS, CAI’S, \NI» <ii:NI'.WAL Plantation Supplies. We have ju.l moved into t!»e IUw« Store, where we will le |'l« i*'*tl to ».e nur fo tr Wi i ,••!.: ' ■ toeknl freak new • «da Millaldetoll won. „ .. . . • | ut low |»r • ■■■ 'ii en«l examine our luwk we will ton* I ii i illv he*i> "ii l.:n i|.| .t".'k <-'t uiee tre.li icood-s nothin »hoddy, and inteii I t<l di.tfihute th* III ..Ml' tl.» ji-ojde. We mrlte the Ladle* e«|>.. ially to rail und r» amine i>ur lrr'»* tlood*. JOEL LILLY. INXILKIl«». IIUITTA1N. LILLY & BRITTAIN, Lower Story Masonic Hall, HAZLEHURST, MISS., -DKALEIW IN— General Merchandise, KEEl* nINSTANTLY ON HAND A FULL LINE OF GROGERIE S, AND RECEIVING A FULL LINE «>F Staple ami Fanry Hoods, Clothiii*, limits, Shoes, Hals, Domestic, Calico, Hosiery, Handkerchiefs, Lace, Trimmings, Canned Goods, Hardware, Ami «*v.Tvlliiii' u»ut!tv ki'p’ In * llrtt-.li** «'*tl him I •xaniiiu> our stock nml • ■* ' WE WILL M >T UK UNDERSOLD. F. M. It KDDI NOt KATE M. Mill ASTER. F. H. BEDDING 0 CO., FRONT STREET, OPPOSITE DEPOT, HAaiiiEiiun^T. - - - - ovcx«j«X3raxr'r^ IE'AI.MRS IN SrAI'LF. AND FANCY HITS. BOOTS, SHOES, l\B IIIBBWIHE. Highest Price Paid for Country Produce of All Kinds. SMALL PHOFIT AND QUICK SALES FOP CASH. H. BURNLEY <fc SON, WHOLKSXLE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN STATIONERY, TOBACCO, CIGARS, Toilet Articles, Notions and Sundries. LIBERAL DISCOUNT TO MERCHANTS ANO COUNTRY 0EALER8. Prescription* and Family Receipts Compounded with the Greatest Care and it Al Hour* of the Night WEST SIDE FRONT STREET, Hnaloliurat, - - - Mlsaiaaippl. MANUFACTURERS AND BOLE PROPRIETORS OF THE CELEBRATED Burnley’s Omuicura, the Great Chill Remedy. REAL WORTH. Bhs wug't vary pretty. Nor «m she very neats Her hernia were scarcely lltUag And likewlao were her feat. Bbe wasn't very graceful. Nor wa* the very tall; Bbe wasn't very braluy And didn't know it alL Bbe waau't quite patrician. Nor waa elte "Cmnme II feotT* In very many matter* She really ought lo know. She had a Bumuier temper. Her hair we* truly red; Blia wasn't always tender In eierythlug she s;itd. Out what a thcnUils. dear readaft You should not claim the earth, A million good Laid dollars Was what the girl waa worth. -.Urrrhnnt Tmretar. #♦ » . WONDERFUL INSTINCT. How a Pack or Trolnocl HoundB Tracked a Georgia Convict. At Oltltntrn 1 saw a rape between a convict anil the hound*. It cnnio about in this way: Mr. Williams claimed, that he was hacked by ('aptain James, that any convict could bo selected out of a hundred and sent o!V to cirelo through the woods, passing through a dozen different squads of convicts; that an hour later he could put his bounds on that convict’s track, and they would thread hint through the squads of con victs, never be shaken from hi* indi vidual track, and finally bring him up. I remarked that I could understand how the hounds might carry the convict’s track through a crowd of outsiders from some peculiar scent of the camp, hut not how they could separate one convict from another " There may be u hundred convicts,” he »aid, "clothed precisely alike, and wealing precisely the same shoes. They may feed together on precisely the same food, and sleep in hunk* tlint touch each other under precisely the same cover. And yet each of them lots a scent that marks him ju«t as distinctly to my hound* from his fellows as his appearance marks him under your de liberate study.” "And do you expect me to lielieve that the dogs can catch thi- scent from the living touch of his thick shoes on the hard ground?” "Undoubtedly. Ami further. Ho may stop in n squad and change shoo* with a convict, and the dogs will still follow him. On the bamlest ground, his scent will he plain to them, though his shoe soles are half an inch thick. When he runs through the woods when1 hi* clothes touch the hushes, they will trail hitu, heads up, iu full cry. lifty yards, running parallel, but away from where he ran.” "Ho you mean that you can take lifty convicts, all clad in convict suits, let them run through the bushes, then maid the convict the dogs are trailing, through the same bushes, and the scent of his body, left on the yielding twigs ns his clothes brush them, will lead the hound* through the maze?” ••Yes; lifty yanks away, they will run it parallel at full speed. To prove this. 1 will start a convict. I will let others follow him through the wood*. 1 will let hint make a semicircle in the woods with lifty yards radius. When the hounds come to this, instead of fol lowing the curve they will scent the opposite side of the circle, fifty yard* away, out aero** to it, take the track up there and follow it.” A gaunt convict, long of leg and think, was selected for the run. He was told to put oil quickly, circle ill the woods, take a swift run over the fields, roads and through *v«y squad of convicts he could find iu hi* way. This lie did. The hounds were then loating about the stockade yard as list less a lot of dogs a* over wen* seen. "I nil! tempted.” said Mr. Williams, "to let the convict ride a horse for a mile or two after he had run awhile. I have had dogs to trail a convict on horse back four miles, and then take the track where ho jumped from the horse.” Hy this time the flying con vict was a small speck on the broad Holds, and iu a moment more had melt ed into the horizon and was gone, as if, indeed, he had found that liberty for which his soul panted, and had gone as the strong-winged bird* go when they vanish in the blue ether. Iii an hour wo mounted our norsc*. Tho hounds wore still loafing in tho sunshine. Suddenly Mr. William*, squaring himself in his saddle, blow three quick, short blasts on tho cow’s horn that hung at his side. As if by magic, tho hounds nwaked, and charged at his saddle—eager, baying, frantic. “Nigger!” ho said, senten tiously. Like tho wind they were off, nose to tho ground, tails up, circling like beagles. Larger the circles grow, the hounds silent as specters, eye* and nose eating the earth for its secret. “They will pass over tho tracks of oon vict squads, bnt will open up on the first single track they find. If it is tho wrong track, wo will simply sit still. They will run it a hundred rods or so, and noting our silence will throw it off and search again. When they get tho right track, wo will halloo, and start after the hound that has It. The oth ers will at once join him and tho race is opened.” ’ At last a red hound, carcoring like mad across tho field, halts suddenly, tumbles over himself, faces about, Dows tho ground eagerly, lifts his head, “A-a-o-o-o-w-u!” nnd is off liko an arrow from a bowstring. “That’s tho track,” shouts Williams, and after tho howling houhd wo go. Tho other dogs join in pell-mell at first, then each houud true to tho track, in full cry and at rattling gait Away off to the left Captalu Janos calls attention to a moving speck against tho sky. “That is tho convict circling back to camp,” he said. On the dogs went, keen as tho wind, inexorable as fate, following the track of tho convict as true as his own shadow. Across the tracks of hundreds of others, along high roads, over fields. through herd* of cattle, by other con* victa that smiled grimly as they passed, the hounds went, holding the track of the Hying convict where it had been laid as lightly as a thistle on the linn earth, but where it left its tell-tale ' ■cent all the same. Nothing could j shnke them off—nothing cheek their furious ntsh. Over other tracks made by ronvicts wearing shoes from the same last and same Imix they went without hindrance, led by some intang ible miracle of the air, straight on a single trail. ••Now we’ll see them wind his scent fifty yards away," said Williams as we neareil a patch of forest. Close to this was a squad of convicts. These we hud stmt through the woods an hour before. We hud- made “trusties," walling singly, touch every hush and tree. Then the convict we were trail ing Vas mn through, making a half oircle, with at least fifty yards’ radius. The hound* entered the forest at a hustling pace, a small red dog lending. Suddenly the leader fnltrred for an in stant, with nose in air, then hurst with fierce cry to the left, ran obliquely for fully fifty yards, with head up, when he took up again the trnck of the convict, and lowered his head to the ground. He hail simply made a short cut across the semicircle, having caught scent of the convict on the hushes morn than a hundred feet away. I atu aware that this is incredible to those who have never seen it. I can not explain what it is that the Hying man, clad and shod as a hundred others, fed on the same food, chained daily to the samo chain, and sleeping in the same hunks at nights, imparts scent to a yielding tw ig touched by his clothes so that it attracts a hound fifty yards away. Hut it certainly does just that thing. The last te*t was now coming. Wc were moving a squad of convicts at work in a cotton field. We had sent the fugitive convict through this squad. We had then made them walk in a double circle around him. They then crossed and recrossed his tracks, many of them wearing exactly suclt shoes as he wore. One hour later the hounds struck this point. There was not an instant's pause. There was no devia tion. no let up in the pace. Through the labyrinth of tracks the hounds went, as swallows through the air. hurrying inexorably on the one track they had chosen. The end was now near. The convict having run hit race was seen leaning again*t a tree, and watching the hounda plunging toward hint. "Won't ho climb the tree?” naked. "No. the hounds are trained to simply bay the convicts when they come up with them. Otherwise the convicts womd kill them.” Ily this lime tin* hounds bad sighted him. They halted about twenty yards away from the tree against which he »lood nnd bayed furiously. Pretty music they made. , and not deeper than I have heard often and again under a 'possum tree. Mr. Willard railed them otV. and the convict came forward. "Dell! puppies is doin’ mighty well, Cap’ll," lie said, grinning as he lazily swung by on his way to the stockade. These dogs are not bloodhounds— I I doubt if there is a bloodhound in Georgia •though two are reported near Cartersville, descended from a pair owned hy Colonel deft' Johnson ill the days of slavery. The Oldtown dog* are foxhounds of the Kedbono breed, j trained for several generation* to hunt men. They nre never tempted hy | other game. They are neither fierce nor j powerful, and are relied on solely to( Hook Hr!urns to Its Original Owner. "A queer coincidence happened to me recently,” said a prominent local Judge this morning. "I was going up Grand River avenue ami was attracted by a lot of ancient books in an old-book store. Going inside 1 ran aero»s a novel by Anthony Trollope, my favor ite author. I did not remember hav ing read it, so I .bought the book and took it home. On reading a few pages that evening I recollected that I had read the book many years ago. My daughter theu pieked it up and hap pened to glance at the title page. There was tho faint outlines ot wnung which had been craned. We studied nt it for some timo when we deciphered •To iny dear wifo Julia from her hus band.’ As I read tho almost Illegible Inscription my wife took tho hook fr-mi me nnd deciphered the same words. Then she looked at the binding and burst into tears. •• *I»o you remember this bookP’ •aid she. ••I hordly knew what she meant at first, but it suddenly struck me that I bad presented her with that very book twenty-five years ago—a few weeks after our marriage. I recalled writing tho inscription in it: ’To Julia, etc..' and recognized my youthful handwrit ing. My wile remembered how she liked the gift when she first got it, and her chagrin at its loss. It had disap j peared, borrowed or stolen, a few weeks after I had given it to her. The | well-thumbed leaves showed it had j passed through many bauds during its circuitous trip of tho last twenty-live years. Wo now think more of that book thiin all the rest of tho library put together.”—Detroit Scm. Musical Accomplishment. Miss Birdie McGinnis is considoraUlo of an amateur singer in her own estima tion. It is a fact that she has a very good voice, but sho is obliged to catch her breath very ofton, being rather short-winded. •• What do you think about her sing ingf” asked her brother of a stranger who did not know that Hostcttcr was rels’ed to the fair singor. •• 1 like her singing very well.” was tho reply. “She has undoubtedly the finest asthma I ever heard on the sUge.”— LECTURE ON WALKING. A l*i»ii man'* Itiln for OMtlug Aloof to Mlpi*ory Wnihir. All hut doctors and men who sell linim' lit will bo glad to read tho ad vice that follows nliout the proper way to walk in these slippery time*. Tho advice came from a very old postman, jogging home from hi* daily round*. •• You’ve seen postmen climbing up front stoops, diviug Into basements mill scooting across the streets in the slipperiest kind of weather," the old man said, “but I’m sure you never saw a postman fall down, unless he was very young and inexperienced. Walk* lug, you see, is the most important part of a postman’s duty, igpt to ring* ing the door bell* #o a* to bring tho girl on the lirstring. I can tell you in two minutes how to walk; and if you remember what 1 aay you will never fall any more. ••In tho first place,you most go along witli your feet pretty far apart. That Is one important thing. Most persons j walk with their feet close together— i very close. That’s all right in sum mer, but in winter it’s all wrong. , Your foot is likely to land on a round piece of ice or auow and slip sidewise toward the other foot, which is going along all right. If your feet are close together, nine times out of ten the one that slips will knock the other one from under you, and down you go. If it doesn’t it will get so thoroughly mixed up with it that your ankles will curl all together, just like grape vines, and before you can get them straight ened out down you go anyhow. If | your feel are well apart, as they should be, you have time to think, reflect and get ready before the crash comes, and, perhaps, snvo a bone. Anothci* im portant tiling is.to land well on the ball of the foot wlieu you walk. If you can’t get tho ball of your foot down first, bring it down just as soon as you do the heel, anyhow. Come down llat-footcd. That Isn’t fancy J heel-and-toe walking, but it’s business, ami it's safer. And this is why. Yon may slip and fall a million times, and every time, if you notice anything, you will notice that it was your heel that slipped, and not the ball of your foot, it is always the heel that slips, i don’t know why, unless it is that the sole of the shoe, helug broader, gets a firmer bold. Ilioe two rules, it you ioiiow tnem out e;in fully, will savo you the price of n good many bottles of arnica. There are .o ne others, but they are not so important. One is always to keep the body limber as you go along; keep the legs Umber at the kuccs, too. It is al ways a stiff, dignified sort of a man that goes down, because he holds him* sell so that he is not prepared to lean quickly one way or the other and save himself, 1 don’t want to see the nation get round-shouldered, but to hold the shoulders too far hack in slippery weather i* not very good either; it fixes one already to fall. The best way to hold oneself is in imitation of those In dians that you see pictures of going along at a sort of jog trot, with their bodies stooping a little forward. Keep your eyes ou the ground in front of you, as though you*werc following a trail, and look for very slippery spots, and observe the other rules; and if you are a lady you can dispense with the humiliation of holding your muff be hind your hack, trying to make folks beli« ?<• you prefer to carry it that way.” —S. Y. Sun. A REMARKABLE TRIAL. On* Wlilrh Alworbed til* Attention of th* York'lilr* Prop!* Lone Ago. About tliu middle of the last century the county of York was deeply inter ested in the trial of the father of a large family who, when living in the greatest respectability, was accused of highway robbery. The trial was in York Ca«tle. The prosecutor was a youth of about twenty years of age, the son of a banker, and the prisoner a stout, athletic man of ll/ty. The pros ecutor had transacted his business as usual at the market town; ho had re ceived several sums of money in the presence of the prisoner; ho had dinod, nnd about live o'clock had set oat on his return home. It was a line sum mer evening, and he rode gently ^on. In a solitary lane he was overtaken by tho prisoner, who seized him and de manded his pocket-book. In tho first agony of surprise and fear tho prose cutor struek him a violent blow with his whip; but tho prisoner, who waa a very powerful man. dragged him from his horse, knelt down upon him, nnd took from luin his money and account books. In this situation the prosecutor begged very earnestly for Ids life. As ho lay under the prisoner he watched bis countenance, and saw that ho was much agitated. The robber desisted, arose, mounted his horse and rode away. It was then about seven o’clock in tho evening; but tho young man was so much exiiausted that ho did not reach homo till late at night. He im mediately stated these circumstances; but the improbability of his having been robbed in open daylight, on a public road, and of his having lost various memoranda which a robber would scarcely have taken, excited some suspicion respecting the truth of his statement. As tho Jury were leav ing the box. the young man who bad been robbed begged to bo heard. He was so much agitated that ho could scarcely speak. When ho recovered himself, be said: ••I stand here to plead for your mercy towards a man who listened to my voice when I begged for mercy from him! If ho had been deaf to my ciy, I should now bavo been In my grave, and be in the bosom of a re spectable family, with the wife who be lieved him virtuous and the children who loved him. It baa been proved to you that hU connections, his char acter, ids religiooa persuasion, would all linvo united to shelter him from eue picion; it has also been proved that I wm lame from my birth; that I mb feeble; dial I had exasperated him by a blow; and that he knew I could identify him; but tho kindness of his nature preponderated, it overcame the fear of disgrace, and he suffered me to de part, although I might bo the cause of his death I If you do not pity hla momentary lapse, If you do not respect his return to virtue, it would have been well for me if I had died! It is me that you will condemn! I shall be the vic tim of tho law, and he gavo nte my life in vain!” He was frequently interrupted dur ing this affecting appeal by the tears of the jury and the general distress of tho court. The prisoner was, however, found guilty, and was executed in duo course.—Leeds Mercury. POLAR CLIMATES. Only a lllght Chung* Wonld Cow flow Uml with V*rdnr*< The theory has long been advanrcd that tho poles of greatest cold are not coincident with the territorial poles, aud that tho lowest mean temperature is to bo found in the region of tho Lena river in Siberia. This idea was en couraged by the fact, among others, that tho Polaris party reported a mild er climate at Thank God Harbor than Kane experienced ubout two hundred miles further south. The part of tho argument, however, which relates to the Lima river valley is directly contra dicted by Lieutenant Groely’s observa tions for two years at Lady Franklin ltay, where he found the lowest mean temperature yet observed,—about four degrees Fahrenheit. Grinncll Land, therefore, as far as we yet know, is tho coldest part of the Northern hem isphere. Danish Greenland, whose mean tem perature hovers around the freezing point, is buried under hundreds of feet of Ice simply because about two inches of ico forms in winter more than is thawed out In summer. The author ities in terrestrial physics agree that it would requin* only a slight change iu climate conditions to remove Green land’s ice blanket and cover the land with verdure. Were it not for the presence of these immense ice raassca constantly refrigerating the air, the summers of Danish Greenland would bo as warm a> those of England. Mr. Wallace is of the opinion that if the two Arctic currents that flow south along both sides of Greenland were di verted from that country, tho great ice mantle would rapidly disappear, and the country might even become forest rlad and habitable. Mr. Croll agree* with him in tins opinion, ami both Mr. Croll and Sir William Thomson believe that it would not take a very large in crease in the temperature and volume of the Arctic branch of the Gulf stream to produce the same result. The powerful modifying influence that the great ocean currents from the south exert upon climates is nowhere so strongly manifested as along the north coast of Norway, which lias a milder temperature than any other part of the world in the same latitude. At this moment the little town of Boss** kop, lying at the foot of a third which opens into the icy wuters of the Arctic Ocean, wrapped in the twilight of its winter night, is subsisting largely on the grain that was raised last summer on the valley farms in a latitud- about six huudred miles north of the south end of Greenland. This fertile spot is the most northern place in the world where wheat nml rju ripen. It in tuo opinion «>r air uiinam Thomson ami othor physicist* that the prolific animal ami vegetable life which covered Greenland and the neighboring land* in a former geolog* leal age, whose fo*sil remain* have been found In abundance, wa* due to warm ocean current* Mowing north gt a lime when our continent had not yet risen above the surface to impede nr divert their course. There teems, after nil, to be no inherent improbability In the theory, to elncidate which two books have recently beeu written, thot human life existed, and perhaps origin ated, in these polar lands beforo the present populous part of tho earth wer* habitable.—#. Sun. SAVED BY POVERTY. Xfhr a Prudent Mamins Klcosed a take warm l.oter. At tho reception given to Lawrence Ihrrett by the Penn Club in Philadel phia tho other night an American who bad just returned from Europe after a long residence there aaid: “Marriage abroad is a business. Just before 1 left Marseilles a great trouble grew out of the circumstance that an American naval offlcc> then there did not know, or forgot, that fact. A beautiful French girl wn* singing at a musical party at a nobleman's house. Tho naval officer, who was present, was so smitten with her that he burst into tears at tho song before all tho company. He afterward called on tho girl's mother and waa accepted as a. suitor before ho know it. When the first feeling had worn off ho saw the situation be had gotten him self into with mamma, and went to Nice to get out of it. The mother, however, followed him there, and in sisted on his carrying out the promisa that she contended ho had made. He declared that ho had ucver offered him self as a candidate for tho girl's hand, ^he mother, all the same, threatened him with a salt. Before there had boen any question of intention, however, she had, like the prudent mamma she wti, written to Washington inquiring a* to tho officer’s financial condition. She received a reply Informing her that he had nothing beyond his good looks and his pay. She dropped him without more ado.”—N. Y. Yost. —At a party one evening. Bally, the painter, was speaking of a ball* who was a gnat favorite. “Ah.” said Sully, “she has a month lika an elephant.” “Oh, Mr. 8olly, how oan you be so rude?" “Rude, ladles, rude! What do yoa mean? I say she has got a mouth like en elephant, because It U loll of Ivory.”—Boston Record. MANUAL SURGERY. a Nm> MrlM tnr Lll»*r«ll«* IUi* riiiRrr ml I’Uunlortm Mil*"1 The method of liberating the ring finger of musician* by dividing the a«‘. cuasory tendon* of the extensor eonimu ni* digitoruui muscle is attracting in creasing attention. The weakness of the thirst or ring linger is due to two accessory tendons connecting its mo tive muscle with those of the second and little lingers. In consequence of this connection* the ring linger is incapable of free and independent motion. Every one hra probably noticed his own inability to raise his ring linger any distance allot* Jic plane of the hand when the neigh joring digits are not similarly elevate*., md, if a musician, lias found it a great inconvenience. Occasionally tl»e*« tendons are found to be present outy In one hand, which is usually the right, and in rare cases they arc entirely absent. The restriction which they im pose upon the motion of the ring linger cun be somewhat lessened by incessant practice, but can never bo entirely overcome. It is a continual disadvan tage, both in music and in other art** To free the ring huger uv aivimiig the binding tendons is not a new sug gestion. but it has only been during thn past year that the o|K*ratiou has ouuie into any prominence. Dr. William A Forbes, of Philadelphia, ha* given tho subjeet particular attention. The opera tion, as practiced by hint, is very sim ple, but should only bo undertaken by one well acquainted with tho anatomy of the hand. A narrow, pointed bis toury i» inserted into an incision !«•*• than one-sixteenth of an inch in length made through the skin and fascia, just below the carpal articulation of tho metacarpal bom* of the third linger, and above the radial accessory tendon of the hand, parallel with thr extensor muscle. Tho blade of the bislour) * kept horizontal, and the handle a somewhat depressed. In this position the blade is moved beneath tho ac cessor)’ tendon, and so far down ti e hand a* to Iw a little above and be tween the knuckle.* of tho third ami middle fingers. Tho instrument is now turned with tlm edge toward the skin. The middle linger being strongly flexed, and tho accessory tendon It'S •» taut by extending tho ring finger, a gentle sawing motion of the blado sever* the tendon at once. The bis tourx i* turned flat again, ami will drawn through tho incision. Tim mu don on the opposite side of the exten sor muscle, that is. between tlm third and little fingers, is divided in n similar manner. Not a quarter of a drachm of blood i* spent by the o|?xr;' tion. Each incision i» covered by ;t piece o( adhesive plaster, and a liguiv of-cicht baudage carried around the wri«t and hand. Two days after li« operation, the patient i« required »•* ex ercise on the piano in order to prevent the tendons from reuniting. A slight ■welling remains for perhaps a week, at the end of which lime the liberation is complete, and tbe ring linger can 1 « elevated an inch further above t o plane of the band. Dr. Forbes writes us tiint up to December IA. is**, ho bad performed the operation upon lift)-two patient*, and tiint in all case* the result was perfectly satisfactory The operation lias raised a great deal of opposition among more conservatito tmiMcian*. who maintain thut partial freedom bought by years of constant exorcise is preferable to perfect liberr tion gained by a few minutes' surgery. Others, again, contend that the method is unnatural, and tends to interfere with the designs of creation. But th * is nu objectiou which we need scarcely argue. Such a question should gi»« rise to no partisanship. If the null • d iie good it should bo accepted. If .6 docs not prove efficient, the suggestion has done no injury. The favorable ex perience of so large a number of pa tlents is certaiuly a strong argument a its favor. All of these people testify that the freedom resulting from the operation 1* most gratifying, and that they have experienced no loss of power in any other direction. Tho discussion has alio been takm up with much interest on the other side of tho water. One of tho most col* brated English surgeons. Dr. Noble Smith, has repeated the operation with perfectly satisfactory result*, lie r *.• omniend*, however, that it be per formed by an experienced operator, and in cases where the accessory ten dons arc well defined. Ho regards the risks of thn operation a* inflnltesitna.', but very properly add* that the patu 11 should, nevertheless, be warned tin % no wound can be made without sou.* danger.—Scientific American. Coming Exhibitions. The coming Centenary Art Exhibi tion at Berlin promise* to be most elab orate affair. There will be a huge con tral building, divided into twenty large galleries, a special annex (or historical art, and another (or sacred art. Clot* by will atand a copy of tlie Templo of Jupiter at Olympia, containing a pano rama of Pergamos. matched on the other side by an Egyptian building, modelled ou the Dakjeh Temple, to display a panorama of the German pos sessions in Africa. Bronze statue* of the different periods will ornament the grounds; while, to increase the attrac tions of the exhibition. Teutonio artiste are preparing a series of gorgeous his torical processions. Talking of exhibi tions, Greece has now decided on a grand national display in November, 1887, in the Palace Zappion at Athens. The chief object of the exhibition is to illustrate Hellenic progress within the last few yean; and. as an historical curiosity, the Olympian games will be resuscitated.— ,V. Y. Potl. —Emperor William, of Germany, never disposes of his time without con sulting the Empress. They take tea together, and the Kaiser gives a faith ful account of bis whereabouts during tbs day.