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W^55T ■ HAZLEHURST, JOSS., NOV. 3,1887. $2.00 A YEAR. FARMERS DEPARTMENT Im ike Mmlerett mf Ike •Mlllmmee* S.L l. —11 ' THIS PAKEKKS ALLIANCE. 4 nmmlbrm *4dmpted f* the lirmmlt mud JVeede »f Mmmtkerm *grirmiiur*—Mlt Seepe. € hmr~ eteler mrnd Fmrpmtee, The following is a conversation be tween a reporter of the Tennessee Farmer and N. II. Elliot, National Lecturer: q. “When and where did tbo Al liance originate!’’ A. “It originated in 1872, in Lam-1 pastas county, Texas, among farmer* and stockmen for protection against! depredations of horse aud cattle thierea and land swindlers!" Q. “When did it begin to enlarge the scope of its purposes!*' A. “In 1875 it nppeared in Parker <*mnty, and was theu cultivating so cial and charitable relations among its members and also inagurating iu a smill way a credo system of srlliug ntnl baying together. It has grown and spread and developed until now we have 134 organised counties in our State, with a membership ot 251,000, and a State Alliance officered aud fully .equipped to manage tbo busi ness and look after tbe iuterestsof this large btnly of members ’’ •• a a Q. “To what uo you asrnnc me ran id growth of your order in Texasl” A. “It is due to several causes, but it may he briefly stated, that the great depression in agricultural interest*— the utter helplessness of the farmers jo control tbo products of their labor— the general system of servile dej»end ance which was gradually but surely fastening itself upon. These crashing •evils were growing upon os aud exci ted deep concern, if not alarm among our thinking fanners, aud they were anxiously looking for relief; so, they were not only ready, but anxious, to adopt such measures of relief as arc offered by the Alliance; hence they went into it by hundred* and thou sands.** Q. “Is your order, in any sense, u political organization!” A, “In partisian sense, No. There are impoitant Teasons why it cannot be. The Alliance is of necessity a secret older, and we know that party politics introduced into a secret busi ueaa organization would kill it, theu we could not belong to any order that would require us to keep our pol itical principles or action a secret. Of coarse we uot only tolerate, but we encourage and require our members to study the science of economic govern ment. It is a business and not a pol itical organization.*’ Q. 4‘^ on say it >■ of necessity a se •riet order; will you pleaso explain why?" A. ^Simply to secure success. W© are learning some lessons fro® other interest* and other classes. One of the most important lessons is, that to succeed in any business, the plans and methods to be employed in its prose cutions are not to be made public, Merchants, banks, railroads, corpora tions of any kind do uot throw open their plans and purposes to the world, if they did they would never succeed. We, the farmers of the South, must adopt the same wise precautions. We are a secret order simply because the recognized successful systems of our age admonish us that it is the road to success in all business enteiprise. The only secrets, 1 am fieo to say, that we have, are our business plans and some machinery by which we protect ourselves against imposition.” Q. “Who aro eligible to member ship in yonr ordert” A. “I will quote the language of our ('enstitution on this subject,” and he read as follows: “Farmers, farm la \»orcrs, mechanics, country physicians, (not engaged in the drug business) and ministers of the gospel? All per rons becoming members mur.t bo of good moral character, believe in the exist once of a Supremo Being, boot iudustiious habits—must be a white person and over the ape of 1<> years. Q. “What is your aggregate mem bership, and chiefly in vrhut territory ?’ A. “Abont 1/200,000, chiefly in 8 Southern States/’ Q. “Are you not affiliated with the Allianco of tho Northwest?” A. “Wo arc not. That was origi nated in Chicago, by Milton George, a brother of tho noted Henry George. Theiis in an open political organisa tions, r.nd there is not, nor can there be, any affiliation between us.” Q. “How was yonr order received .by tho press and the business men of your State, and how do they regard it I now. A. “At first tho business men trea ted the matter very lightly, and pre dicted it* early and uttor failure, and the press sympathised with that view, and assumed and declared that we were h secret political order, but now thcro is not a paper in the whole State that is not our steadfast friend, and the leading dailies arc giving us their active and earnest support. The busi ness men aa a nil© are roost kindly toward us and our order, and its suc cess has their confidence and encour ageraont. Q. “Well, hare you had any trouble with political parties or politicia nst” A. “With the parties as such, no. Chronic office seekers, political trick sters aud disappointed soreheads hate given us some trouble, but we are bow in a position to paddle our own canoe.” Q. “You say you havo cotton yards of your own—will you give we the methods by which you run these yards, aud something of the beneiits you claim for thcmt” A 4* detailed statement ot the whole system, would perhaps be longer than you would like to have in your paper at this tin^f and as it is tho duty of myself and all organizers \to explaiu fully and in detail this system to your people, 1 will give you only an out line. Each of these cotton yards is in charge of a bonded officer—(by the way nil of our officers are bonded, salaried men. We havo no men paid iu any wsy by commission). We have every faeihty that any cotton exchange or mercantile association has for ob taining the exact state of the market at any point in the world aud at any hour, and our machinery is such that within one hour from the time our dispatches are received at State head quartet's, every agent ill the State knows the price of cotton for that day, and every farmer belonging to the Al liance can kuour what his cotton is worth if he will ask. 80, a farmer bringing his cotton to our yards can take his sample and go on tho local market (aud wc always cucourago them to do so) and know whether or not to sell, then we can send sample to State Headquarters, where wo uro thoroughly prepared to get him tho prices ill tho best markets. It costs him from ten to twouty-five cents per bale.to havo his cotton weighed and for storage—no matter how long he n»ay waut it stored. He pays of course the insurance which is very lit tle. We are prepared under tho sumo system to haudle our other products and our stock. Under this system, also, wo havo arrangements perfected by which wo cau ami do make purcha ses for our members, aud so porfect is the system that we confidently expect to make a nst saving of over one mil lion dollars to our members during next year.” Q. “Well, you strike heavy at the “middle inau” by your plan, do you uoit” A. “No, we do not proposo to do awsy with tho middle men—they are aq important factor in our great social fabric and we could not well do with out them. We make no war on any one. We encourage all men engaged in a legitimate business aud want to gee them prosper and succeed, but thers are checks aud balances which are essential to tho well-being of so ciety, und we propose to sec that mid dlo inon nor any gtlior class shall absorb what justly belongs to us. Tbe Alliance is fouuded on Truth aud Justice, and justice in all wo ask At the hands of tho business world. This granted and ve will tako care of our Scl VCA. Q. “Does tlio Alliance own and op erate co-operative stores!” A. “Yes, a few, hut under our sys tem, known as the Macune Wade SyBtem” we, as a rule, find out wo are uhlo to mako very satisfactory terms with our own merchants and for tho present wo recommend this system. It is perfect and givos satisfaction to all merchants who deal with ns. This will be explained fully to your people as wc proceed iu tho work of organi xation.” Q. “Well aro tho financial advan tages of your order oonfined to baying and selling!” A. “Why bless your life tlieso are only the beginning of a vast system of financial design, which we hopo will penotrnte every department of our in dustries. Wo havo already perfected a system for establishing manufactur ing enterprises, and nnder which we have now in operation twelve fine Holler Flouring mills and fivo others iu process of construction and several eottou factorios projected, two of which wo hope sooo to have in opera tion. The south must become whot naturo designed—a great manfacturing district,—we must work up our vast store of raw material if wo would |bc como the prosperous and powerful people that wo ought to be. Wo, of Texas,-cling with filial love to the dear old South and wo want to quick en her into now life, by grasping and utilizing new opportunities. We hove the most abiding faith in tire nerve aud pluck of our people id in the scheme, which for eight loi have worked earnestly tc it is with prido we all truth that to tho fores!/ indomitable pluck a»*d ^toW devotion of Dr. C. W. Mucuue, tU’Prudent of our National Alliance, are indebt ed for oar success and tto high plaue we occupy in tho business world. We not only wish to see tho material de velopment of the South, but we have other grand objects to accomplish. We want and must work tor the mor al, social und intellectual development of our people, and this is a part of our declared purpose.” A. “Wo uso organizers, whoso lec tures are always public, but the great propclliug power of tho movement is our Alliance organ, the Southern Mor cury, which is largely patronized and extensively read by our order. It is tho property of the Alliance and wo could not do 'without it, neither can tho Allianco prosper in any State un less it has an organ, patronized and rend by tho membors. It is a silent but powerful and eloqaent advocate of our noble principles, and the father and his whole family are receiving “lino upon lino and precept upon pro cept” overy week and thus we oducate our people to cherish aud love the principles they have espoused. No alliance can live grow and prosper that does not road its papor- this we have found by experience, to be strictly truo. Fatten inf Hors. Wo have often stressed tho import ance of constant attention to the hogs. From now on is the time to pash the fattening process. The weatheris now mild, and but little food is necessary to keep up the auimal heat and carry on the vital processes in tho aoinnl economy. After ft while, when the weuthor grows cooler, and ospccially iu Xoxeinbcr and December, a vory large part of the food consumed by animals will be utilized for the pur pose of keeping tho body warm. An ear of corn, or its equivalent of other food, fed during the pleasant full woutker, will go farther than two ours fed in Docembor and January. Mixed farming is most useful in keeping up the soil to a degree of fer tility. Tho specialties engaged iu should be iu keeping with the soil and conditions of tho farm. L SCHOOL DEPARTMENT. C»n4nctc4 htf D. H. Burch, Life Is What Wo Mnko It. Let's oftoner talk of noble deeds, And rarer of the had days; And sing about our happy ones; And none about the sad days. Wc were not made to fret anil |lgh, And when grief sleeps to wake it; Bright happiness is standing by— TbU life is what we make it. Then hero’s to those whose loving benrts Shed joy and light about them! Thanks lie to them for countless gems Wc ne'er had known without them. Oh! Tills should be a happy world, To all who may purtako it; The faults our own, if it is not— This world's what wo make it. Let's And the sunny side of men, Or be believers in it; A light there is in every soul That takes the pains to win it. Oh! there's a slumbering good In all, And we perchance may wake it: Our hands contain the magic wand— This life U what we make It. —Practical Teacher. A Change Needed. One of tho greatest obstacles in tho way of eminent success in the opera tion of our freo school system is the emergent demand upon tho labor of the youth of the rural and agricultu ral sections of tho country. Boys have to work on the farms, aud girla too, and tho time that should be given to school is given to the farm work, aud is in many cases necessarily so. How to obviate tills difficulty, and how to bring under school influence all the children of school age, is a problem that cannot be solved under tho pres ent conditions. The statistics of the burcan of education show an alarming degree of illiteracy in the Southern States. There are no statistics of the county, which can show the amount Of illiteracy here. Yet, if a correct -us should be taken to-day, the. I figures would startle us. The public scfc»ol system has been in operation in Mississippi about 20 years, and during tbut time there has been paid out for the cducatiou of the children of Copiah county, nearly $400,000, an amount sufficient, if all had availed themselves of it, to have left no one tweuty years of age, uuable to read aud write. Tho South has carried a greater burden of illiteracy than all the other States of tho other States of the Union, and under all the circum stances of demoralized labor and depressed flnnnces. Sho has contrib uted moro than any other section of the country, to the education of her youth. This speuks well for the splr-. it of the people, aud it is to. be hoped that soon there shall be no native Mississippian, twenty years of age, classed as an illiterate. Tile thatanqua Circle. Our circle is now fully organized and as soon as the literature is re ceived we will begin work in earnest. Fifteen names are enrolled. We are a month behind with the reading, but hope, by deing extra rending, to make up for lost tiino. The circlo meets at tho residence of Mr. J. A. Coy.ngton on Saturday evening, the 5th of Nov. A full attendance of the members is requested, and any who are interested in the C. L. 8. C., are cordially Invitod. Our aim is tho mu tual help and encouragomout of those who are dosirous of pursuing tbo C. L. S. C. course. On account of tho delay in procuring our literature, wc cannot have tho regular program at tho next meeting, so have prepured a special one. Roll Call. Quotations from favorite authors. Name the author and hU principle novels. Committee’s report. Discussion of tho plan of study for the ensuing year, by the members. Paper—The object of our circlo and duties of its members—MUs Cora Burch. Heading—Mrs. C. M. Bankston. 8ong—Music-Miss Ollie Cato. Instrumental solo—Miss C. Coving ton. Critic-Mr*. Birdsong. TV to at Is Education? What is education? This question has been answered thousands oft lines, and yet tho teacher needs to examine himself over at frequent intermix to see what meaning ho attaches to the term. This is especially needed ; i o term is misused and the public are sure to use tho term in a wrong sense, We hear of “educated” horses and feel that the term cannot he applied to pigs, dogs, and birds, because the spiritual faculty is addressed in edu cation. We aro told that “John Smith got his education at Yale College,” and feel that this is another mistnteiueut, at all events a very partial statement. No man can get an education at a col lege as he can got a bushel of beaus at r storo. He eau be assisted at a col lego to educate himself and that is all. Wo are told that “Jnne Brown has finished her education,” and hear oh inquiring that she is a “rosebud,1' nud her ago is eighteen. We feel that i there is a misstatement here, tor edu cation corresponds to mental growth, and mental growth does not slop hero nor hereafter. So that wo doubt whether Miss Brown 1ms been educa ted at All. A judge in one of the courts lately said, to a prisoner who had committed a mean crime while drunk: “I shall be severe with yon for I see you are an educated man.” Here as in the other instances education is con founded with familiarity with book*. “If you intend to make a merchant of your son,” said oue flour denier to an other, “don’t educate him, it will ruin him.” This man intended to givo good advice, but it looks very much like wicked foolishness. Geo. McDonald aaya, “They had a conventional training vulgarly railed education,” and says a plain truth. lUnjr go to college and grt what in ‘vulgarly called education.” Tim schools deal with what is “vulgarly celled education.” A gentleman lately said, “I was, when a young niau, iu a shop under tie superintendence of Mr. Geo. Bates; he saw my careless work and came to me, and from that con versation I came out a now* being. I owe everything to him.” Ilero was a ease of genuino education. Almost any one can “post up bills,” —patience, industry, a pot ot paste, and ability to road, so they will not bs wrong sido np are all that is needed. So, to “tack up,” us it were, in the iniud, the multiplication table, and other useful information requires about the same; tbs cry that comes up from the school-rooms evinces this, “Oh, it needs so much patience.” Now, tlu> management of children does need pa tience, but education does not. Amt the more power to educate one ha.*, the less the drafts on his patience. This is ovinccd in the kindergarten: the children are taught to play; ir. the routine school they are forbidden to do so under pains and penalties. The teacher must ask himself over and over again, “Am I educating!" All throughout tho training and the in struction, there mnst be a vein'of ed ucation that binds it together and ditects it, and causes it to become part of tho life. “Take fast hold of instruction,” says Solomon, “for she i» thy life.”—Praticol Teacher. Gov. Gordon, of Georgia, said in an interview on tho 24th, that prohi bition had been triod in one hundred out of one hundred and thirty-wren counties of that State, and that ;!n* result was good in all; that Atlanta had not been damaged, and thore w.n no fear of trnde being diverted, ant that the chango for the better wiir « peclally noticeable among the negroid. Jefferson Davis reviewed thirty thousaud Confodorate veterans at Un - con, Ga., on Wednesday of last week. Do not allow potutors to be expos* od to the sun any longer than U need* cd to dry them. - ft i ♦ »— ■ — Unedacatcd genius is less useful than educated Ignorance.