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WHEN FERTILIZERS SHOULD BE
APPLIED. As a general rule, which has but few exceptions, the greater part of the fer tiliser should be applied to the coll be fore planting the crop it Is Intended to benefit. This rule is not only In accord with theoretical considerations, but is also abundantly sustained In actual practice, sui shown by carefully conducted field ex periments instituted for the express pur pose of ascertaining the truth, says Hon. R. J. Redding, Director Georgia Experi ment Station, Department of Agriculture, In Vlrginia-Carollna Fertilizer Almanac. The theory underlying the rule is the fact that most of the ingredients compos ing a commercial fertilizer are not im mediately soluble and avallible, but must undergo certain chemical changes In tho ■oil before the* plant food will be in tho proper condition to be taken up by the roots of the plants. .This is particularly true In regard to salts of potash, and in less degree to acid phosphate. It is a fact, also, that some forms of potash, notably kalnit, cause chemical changes in the condition of the plant food already present In a soil, whereby the before in soluble and non-availabie plant food al ready In the soil, becomes available. The organic substances which are large ly used in the make up of commercial fertilizers for the purpose of supplying nitrogen to the plants—such as cotton seed meal, dried blood, fish scrap, tank age, etc., also require time in which to undergo chemical decomposition and such change of form as will enable the roots to appropriate the nitrogen. Even sul phate of ammonia, a highly soluble chemi cal salt, which sometimes enters Into the composition of a fertilizer In a very limited amount, must undergo a complete chemical decomposition In the soil before the plants can make any use of the nitro gen, which It contains In the form of ammonia sulphate. This must be con verted into nitrate, or nitrate of lime. Nitrate of soda is the one chemical fertilizer salt that Is Immediately avail able, producing a very prompt effect when applied to a growing crop (and It should be applied to none other). Acid phosphate and potash may be ap plied to the soil and bedded on from two to six weeks before planting time. It Is claimed by some experts that potash salts may be applied with better results even several months before planting. A more practical and convenient rule, how ever, Is to apply a complete fertilizer from one to three weeks before planting the crop, when the latter Is a corn, cot ton, tobacco, or other summer-growing crop, always taking care to mix the fer tilizer thoroughly with the soil of the open bedding furrow In which It shall be applied and then "listing," or throwing two furrows on It. ' Experiments on the farm of the Georgia Experiment Station, projected for the purpose of comparing on the one hand the effectiveness of a complete fertilizer applied two weeks before planting, and, on the other hand, the effectiveness of tho same quantity of the same fertilizer applied In the furrows with the seed, were followed by an unexpected and sur prising result—viz., the cotton seeds plant ed on the plats in which the fertilizer had been applied and bedded on two weeks before, came up quicker.and gave a more uniform stand of more vigorous plants than resulted on the plats In which the fertilizer was applied In the furrows with the seeds. While this result was not contemplated, It was quickly explained by the fact that the fertilizer that had been in the ground two weeks had under gone the chemical changes already allud ed to, and Its plant food was ready for the Immediate wants of tho young plants. This result suggests that it may be ex pedient, In any case, to apply a small quantity—say 20 tp 25 pounds—of nitrate of soda in the same furrow with the cot ton or corn seeds, which may be done with perfect safety with cotton seeds, and without danger to corn if not placed in immediate contact with the seed. APPLYING FERTILIZER AT THE TIME OF PLANTING. This may be understood to mean either applying the fertilizer, bedding on It and Immediately planting the seed; or it may refer to the practice of putting the fer tilizer in the furrow with the seed. In the latter case, there Is always a mani fest danger that the coming growing sea son may be unusually dry, In whkti event the fertilizer, being so lightly covered, may not be dissolved and properly dis seminated through the soil. It may also follow that the fertilizer being so concen trated—en masse, as It were—around the tender rootlets of the young plants that the latter may be Injured, or "burned"— a not Inconsiderable danger. The plan Is not advisable except when a very light application Is to bo made per acre. This caution is especially applicable to seeds that are planted in very shallow furrows and bflt lightly covered, such as cotton, and It Is generally safer to Inter pose some soil, or, better, deposit the fer tilizer In one furrow and plant the seeds in a furrow immediately beside; or, vies versa, plant the seeds first In the furrow, and then the fertilizer In a furrow closa beside It. But the preferred plan Is to bed on the fertilizer, and then plant tha seeds, after harrowing down the beds. I have often applied 60 to 100 pounds of a "complete" fertilizer per acre In the furrow with the cotton seeds; but It was "away back" in the late sixties and early seventies when fertilizers sold at J40 to $G0 a ton, and very light applications were supposed to be in the interest of a wise economy. We did not know much about fertilizers in those days, and were afraid to "put too much guano on the cotton." That time has passed and gone, and the up-to-date farmer has found that 500 and 600 pounds of fertilizer for cotton, a properly balanced high-grade fertilizer, to each acre of cotton Is not dangerous or excessive, but simply liberal and judi cious. Indeed. It Is a question of simple arithmetic. If 100 pounds per aero is profitable, and It costs no more labor to cultivate an acre with 600 pounds of ap plied fertilizer, then why not increase the amount invested In fertilizers, and, if thought advisable, reduce the area and the labor account? Now, the well-informed farmer only wants to know If the fertilizer be proper ly balanced for the crop he wishes to grow, and Is sold at a fair price, and he Invests liberally. Just as he would do in buying anything at such a price that ho may sell at a profit of from 60 to 100 per centum and upward. A high-grade, hon est fertilizer will meet this requirement. There Is another Justification for the B ractlce of applying fertilizers at the Ime of planting—viz., when the farmer failed to put In his order at the prop er time. He may then, according to the proverb—"better late than not at all"— S ut in the fertilizer with the seed, or at io time of planting. has Tip to Prodigals. takes notice," philosophically said old Brother Dinger, who was a great hand to cogitate, "dat In dese days, whilst we are dess as glad as we ever was when a sinnah refawms, we don't make so much fuss about .it as we used to. We respects and in dawses fils action as much as we evei did, butwve don't shout so loud. Nowa days, de prodigal bring along his own calf; if he don't he's ll'bl'e to bdtt up ag'in disapp'intment. Wq's, ^ h«fl| mo' for solid business, dene tithes, and lots less for noise, daw we used to was, YassahP'—Puck. MAN OP DELICATE NERVES. Rotsnthal, the Pianist, Made Much Trouble in Hotel. Rosenthal, the pianist. Is one of those entitled to have his crankiness termed "the eccentricities of genius," says the San Francisco Chronicle. When he inspected his rooms at the Majestic upon his arrival very late the other night, he went softly to the ad joining doors, and placing his ears close to the crackr, exclaimed in broken English, "Zgodd, no sounds pass thees." After nodding his ap proval of the grand piano and the fur niture he frowned at the tan-colored window shades. "Must green." He was assured that a change would be made especially for him thn next day. At five o'clock in the morning Ros enthal, clad only in his pajamas, came scurrying excitedly down stairs and into the office, where the drowsy night clerk was nodding at the desk. "Ze street cars! Noise! Must stopped! Nervous me! I cannot sleep." The clerk hurriedly sent for Mana ger Gustav Mann, and Mann spent two hours telliug Rosenthal funny stories in German trying to divert his mind while the clerk was upstairs squaring the mangement for waking a guest on the Gough street side and ordering him to move at once to the Sutter street side as a gas pipe had burst under the floor and had to be re paired! Q 0 m ALL WOMEN SUFFER from the same physical disturbances, and the nature of their duties, in many cases, quickly drift them into the horrors of all kinds of female complaints, organic troubles, ulcera tion, falling and displacements, or perhaps irregularity or suppression causing backache, nervousness, ir ritability, and sleeplessness. Women everywhere should re member that the medicine that holds the record for the largest number of actual cures of female ills is 7 , MRS. A. M. HAGERMANN Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound made from simple native roots and herbs.. For more than thirty years it has been helping women to be strong, regulating the functions per-. fectly and overcoming pain. It has also proved itself invaluable in pre paring for child birth and the Change of Life. Mrs. A. M. Hagermann, of Bay Shore, L. I., writes:—Dear Mrs. Tinkham:—"I suffered from a displacement, excessive and painful functions 60 that I had to lie down or sit still most of the time. Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound has made me a well woman so that I am able to attend to my duties. I wish every suffering woman would try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and see what relief it will give them." Mrs. Pinkham's Standing Invitation to Women Women suffering from any form of female illness are invited to write Mrs. Pinkham, at Lynn, Mass, for advice She is the Mrs. Pinkham who has been advising sick women free of charge for more than twenty years, and before that she assisted her mother-in-law Lydia E. Pink hara in advising. Therefore she is especially well qualified to guide sick women back to health. Women's troubles very often occur regularly at a certain time every month. Be cause this may have been so all your life, is no reason why it should continue. Many thousands of women, who had previously suffered from troubles similar to yours, due to disorder of the womanly e.gans, have found welcome relief or cure in that wonderfully successful medicine for women, For Wine of Cardui Woman's I am well pleased with the results of using Cardui. I have Mrs. Leota Forte, of Toledo, 111., writes: taken three bottles and am now perfectly well, free from pain and have gained 25 pounds tn weight." Eye Write today for a free copy of valuable 64-page Illustrated Book for Women, if you need Medical Ad vice, describe your symptoms, stating age, and reply will be sent In plain sealed envelope. Address : Ladles Advisory Dept., The Chattanooga Medicine Co., Chattanooga, Tenn. WRITE US A LETTER ' B2 Never is a sincere word utterly lost. Never a magnanimity falls to the ground, but there is some heart to greet and accept it unexpectedly.— Phillips Brooks. A Natural Remedy—Garfield Tea! It is made of simple Herbs. Take it for consti pation, indigestion, sick-headache; it reg ulates the liver, purifies the blood, brings Good Health. The average woman seems to think she is responsible for all her hus band's joys, but that all his sorrows are due to his own foolish actions. Mrs. Winslow's Soothing: 8yrap. For children teething, softens the corns, reduces In flammation, allays pain, cures wind collo. 25c a bottle. Instead of throwing stones people who live in glass houses should grow violets at a dollar a bunch. Itch cured in 30 minutes by Woolford's Sanitary Lotion. Never fnils" At druggists. It's about all some people can do to keep from being done. I]R y 1 ill r ri I V Rooauee ot thoce ugly, grizzly, g;ay hall's. Use 4i LA CREOLE" HAIR RE8YORER< Price* tf.OO f retail* PE-RU-NA A MEDICAL COMPOUND In an 7 medical compound *s much depends upon the manner in which it is compounded as upon the ingredients used. First, there must be a due proportion of the ingredients. Each drug in the pharmacopeia has its special action. To combine any drug with other drugs that have slightly different action, the combination must be made with strict reference to the use for which the compound is intended. The drugs may be well selected as to their efficacy, but the compound ENTIRELY SPOILED BY THE PROPORTION in which they are combined. It taken years and years of experience to discover this proportion. There is no law of chemistry, of pharmacy, by which the exact balance o i proportion can be determined. EXPERIENCE IS THE ONLY GUIDE. In compounding a catarrh remedy Dr. Hartman has had many years' ex perience. In the use of the various ingredients which compose the catarrh remedy, Peruna, he has learned, little by little, how to harmonize the action of each ingredient, how to combine them into a stable compound, how to arrange them into such nice proportions as to blend the taste, the operation and the chemical peculiarities of each several ingredient in order to produce a pharma ceutical product beyond the criticism of doctors, pharmacists or chemists. WE REPEAT, THAT AS MUCH DEPENDS ON THE WAY IN WHICH THE DRUGS ARE COMBINED AS DEPENDS UPON THE DRUGS THEM SELVES. The compound must present a stability which is not affected by changes of temperature, not affected by exposure to the air, not affected by age. It must be so combined that it will remain just the same whether used in the logging or mining camps of the northwest or the coffee plantations of the tropics. A complete list of the ingredients of Peruna would not enable any druggist or physician to reproduce Peruna. It is the skill and sagacity by which these ingredients are brought together that give Peruna much of its peculiar claims as an efficacious catarrh remedy. However much virtue each ingredient of Peruna may possess, the value of the compound depends largely upon the manner and proportion in which they are combined. The right ingredients, put together rightly, is the only way a medical compound can be made of real value. A Positive CURE FOR CATARRH/®® Ely's Cream Balm is quickly absorbed. —Co8 Gives Relief at Once. It cleanses, soothes, heals and protects the diseased membrane. It cures Catarrh and drives away a Cold in the Head quickly. Restores the Senses of Taste and SmelL Full size 50 cts. at Druggists or by mail; Trial size 10 cts. by mail. Ely Brothers, 5& Warren Street, New York. sasi HICKS* GAPUDINE Oj IMMEDIATELY CDKE8 Headaches and Indigestion Trial bottlo Me At droX stores All earthly joys go less to the one Joy of doing kindness.—Geo. Herbert :r & f) W. r % t m % You farmer* probably will not deny that you "plough for money"— for that i* your business, the noblest occupation on ear*h. See that you get the most m§ney out of your ploughing—or for your crops—by using liberally h i\ Virginia=Carolina Fertilizers. They will greatly "increase your yield* per acre," and help you to obtain the largest possible amount of money for your labor. Decrease your acreage if you will, but double your use of Virginia-Carolina Fertilizers, and you will see, feel and hear your pockets jingle with i your increased profits. Did you get from us or your fertilizer \ dealer a copy of our free almanac ? It's a beauty, and full of \ fanning information. 8ALES OFFICES: Richmond, Va. Norfolk, Va. Durham, N. C. Charleston, S. C. Atlanta, Ga. Memphis, Tenn. Shreveport, La. Montgomery, Ala. >• y Baltimore, Md. Savannah. Ga. "Increase Yield? Par Acre* m Citeffi HERE'S AN EXAMPLE of what plant foods can do for farmers. The picture on the - right shows plant development and potato yield ( 55.8 lbs.) of a small patch, treated with P0TAS On the left, a patch of same size (yield 21 lbs.) planted at same time, in same soil, but untreated. These pictures are taken from an experiment sta tion bulletin, compiled in Our Free Book, "Profitable Farming which gives authentic and authoritative accounts of experiments and actual results of practical and scientific farming. It is invaluable to the farmer who is anxious to improve his products and who is work ing for a,wider margin of profits. Send for it to-day. Sh »» GERMAN KALI WORKS Atlanta, Ga„ 1224 Candler Bldg. * New York, 93 Nassau St., or To eonvlnoe any woman that Pax. tin* Antiseptic will Improve bcr health aim do all we claim for It. We will send her absolutely free a large trial box of Paxtlne with book of mitruo tions and genuine testimonials. Send your name and address on a postal card. cleanses and heals mucous mem* brano af fections, such as nasal catarrh, pelvic catarrh and inflammation caused by femi nine ills; sore eyes, sore throat and mouth, by direct local treatment Its cur ative power over these troubles is extra ordinary and gives Immediate relief. Thousands of women are using and reo ommendlng It every day. CO cents at d rugglsts or by mall. Renu mber, however, IT OOBT8 YOU NOTHING TO TRY IT. THE K. PAXTON CO., Uoaton, Maas. FREE PAXTINE Abundant Hair grow* out of loose, pliable, flesky scalps BaUbeads Lave tight, dry, thin scalps. Barry's Tricopherous nourishes starved scalps. It bnilds them np the same as good food reboilds the body. At you druggist's, 50 cents per bottle. ra nnoCV new dimcoveky; rives M quick relief and cures worstcasea Book of testimonials und 1U days' treatment FRKIS. DU. 11. U.GBBBN'8 SONS. Box R. Atlanta, UA. A GENTS WANTED to sell hosiery and underwear. Possible buver in every fami'iv. Outfit free* Victor!;, kiilttlss Co., Met*thU, Team* A. N. K.—F (1907—13) 2171.