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AGRICULTURE FEEDING CATTLE IN THE SOUTH. Southern Farmers Can Not Afford to Grow Stock on Purchased Feeds. Now I want to go on record aa stating that the farmers of the South east will never do any great business in stock growing and feeding while they depend on the purchasing of feed stuffs for the finishing of their ani mals. What we want to do Is to grow on our own farms the feed consumed by our animalB, as we can grow feed at from one-third to one-half what the same feed would cost us on the mar ket, to say nothing of cost of trans portation. So I say If you are grow ing cotton, by all means feed your cottonseed meal; but If you are not In a cotton section, don't you pur chase very much meal, but Instead, grow corn and feed that, mean by corn Is the entire corn plant, not simply the grain, and we want to see 50 per cent of the crop grown Into the silo. There isn't a farm in the What I South that Is producing cotton that cannot produce corn as well, while there are thousands of farms on which com can be made a valuable crop that will not produce cotton at all. Harrow made a strong point In favor of cottonseed meal when he brought out the fact that the manure resulting from the feeding of this product was so rich In nitrogen. But look here! What business has 4he farmer purchasing nitrogen at 15 cents per pound when he can grow all he needs on his own farm for noth ing, it being simply a valuable by product from the production of our most valuable hays. The writer has grown feed and fed It to cattle and hogs In the great com belt, and for the past six years has been engaged in the same busix.css in North Carolina, and I tell you can didly that our crops are grown here at one-half the cost of production In the North. Our land has In the six years increased in value and produc tiveness about 400 per cent, while the Northern land has increased about 10 per cent. This cattle-feeding business means a great deal to the Southeast. To raise cattle profitably we must have grass. The grass roots bind our soils together, preventing washing and wasting of plant food to tl:e soil. They are harvested by the stock with out cost, except for fencing; so If you don't get within a few cents of the market value of the grain used In fin ishing your animalB you are still ahead, as the summer feeding of the animals costs very little. As the writer sees it, what we want to grow in the grain line is a product rich in fat-producing elements, as the South is the home of the legume and the securing of proteids is the least of the farmer feeder's troubles.—A L. French. Soaked Com for Pigs. One of our subscribers asks if it is beneficial and profitable to soak old corn before feeding it to his pigs. There are some of the very best feeders who praotice soaking their corn, when it is dry and hard, twelve to twenty-four hours before feeding, and believe that it is not only a satis factory way of feeding but that it pays, says the American Swineherd. They believe that the corn is easier digested when soaked than when dry and hard. There are other very good feeders who do not follow this system of feed ing, but feed the corn dry, asserting that it is not gulped down by the pigs like a slop made of ground feed nor like soaked corn; but requires more mastication, and, therefore, more of the saliva is intermingled with it, which is a necessary process to assist the digestion. Each clasB of feeders is equally suc cessful in its business.' While one per who feeds soaked com may se cure better results over another that practices the same plan of feeding, but who doesn't have the skill, or, as the boys say, isn't a bom feeder, com pared with the other who is more suc cessful, showing that a great deal of the advantages lie in the man him self. He doesn't overfeed and stall them, and thereby throw them off their feed. He watches them closely. He gives them charcoal and salt He gives them a change of feed for the variety and to keep them toned up. There has been a great deal of dis cussion on feeding soaked com, ground feed and dry com, and the ex periment stations show that there Is a 6 to 7 per cent gain from feeding com meal over feeding hard com as prac ticed by the same feeder. A breeder who Is anxious to get at the bottom facts' to possess the truth, should get as close to this matter as possible. Give It more good thought, observe your own results from your owh feeding, and then adopt that which proves best for you, with the Assurance that some of the best feed ers" practice, feeding com aa stated by Thermal* mom successful ways son you. that one. DAIRYING IN THE SOUTH. Has the Best Cow Feed in the World and « Fine Home Market. By dairy I mean the thing in its true sense, and not a creamery or combination of farmers to furnish cream or milk to a factory for the purpose of manufacture. I mean sim ply the farmer, his family, and his cows. It takes the three to make the proper combination for a farm dairy, and in this limited article we will only discuss these three, co-partners, as it were, leaving the other details for later work. 1.—-The Man Behind the Cow. He must not expect to make a suc cess unless personally interested and responsible. As evidence that l>e can make it profitable, just take a look for a moment at some figures taken from the last census, showing the relative value as regards profits in the different sections of the country: Increase Section. North Atlantic States South Atlantic States North Central States. South Central States. For Western States. So you see our section in profits per acre leads all sections except the Northeast, and comes within fifty-five cents of that section with Its home markets, and # fancy dairy butter re tailing at fifty and seventy-five cents per pound. These figures show his profit is all right. Yet It is a fact that the Northwest sends annually over two million dol lars worth of dairy products - Into these same Southern Atlantic States. Why is this so? Simply because our farmers do not take hold of the busi ness in a rational manner. He has the best cow feed In the world right at hand—cowpeas, cottonseed meal, corn fodder and alfalfa. He has a market for good butter at a higher price than the Western farmer who has to pay excessive freight commis sions. per acre. ....$7,87 7.32 6.46 3.46 3.74 2.—Tha Cow. It Is useless for him to try for the best results in dairying without the proper cow. I need not specify any particular breed, for there are several fine dairy breeds. I would only say, let each man get the best of the breed he likes best, and see that she bas a line of ancestors noted for milk and butter. Especially let him see to it that her sire Is a noted getter of dairy cows, for It Is from t&at side the dairy qualities come. And remember it is the breed before the feed that makes for dairy quality. Some cows you can feed on five pounds of cottonseed meal per day and not have as rich butter fat as some that get only corn fodder daily. In other words, It has long been an established fact that you cannot feed butter fat Into butter; It must be born there. But let her have a gentlo dis position, large digestive, well formed udder, large milk veins, strong con stitution tree of all disease, and you have—may I not say?—the ideal dairy cow. 3.—The Family About the Cow. It is a pretty well recognized fact that the family about the cow has a great deal to do with her profit. Even the dog must have a kindly feeling toward her and not disturb or worry her in any way. In early life the boy should be taught how to milk cleanly, carefully and quickly. I commenced milking at seven years of age, and taught my boys about the same time of life. I never could quite understand the chivalry of the man who allowed his women folks to do all the milking. True, as a rule, they are more careful and cleanly milkers, but this ought not to he so. They should know all about it, since often on the farm that may fall to their lot. But If they make the butter and see that it is kept sweet and clean and carefully fixed for market, that should be their part So I conclude: We have the mar ket, we have the feed, climate and need. The dairy proposition carried to the same extent as in Wisconsin would mean double values for our lands, better and richer lives for the farming community and more attrac tive homes, with better roads, schools and churches for our country.—I. C. Wade, In Progressive Farmer. Cow Peas. Don't think of not planting a full crop of cowpeas because you think the seed too high. Where seed is scarce plant in the drill and cultivate them with the pknr or disk harrow. One peck of good Beed may be made to completely cover the ground with vines If the vlney sort Is planted. Harvest the crop of seed and vine* when pods begin to turn yellow by cutting the vines off at the roots, rake up In good size stacks; when well cured stack or house all together. Thrash out peas and vines with a thresher or stick. This threshing of the tines improves the mechanical condition of the hay and solves the problem ad to the cheapest method of gathering cowpeas. _ . V v You can well afford to pay even r per bushel, for cowpeas rather thai do without the crop. ODD MUSEUM FREAKS RARE ANTIQUITIES TO BE 8EEN — IN KANSA8 CITY. Bones of an Unnamed Beast That Was 4C0 Feet Long—An In teresting Old Clock. In the Kansas City museum are the skull boues of an unknown beast that was 400 feet long and 60 or 80 feet high. The skull in the museum weighs 440 pounds, is seven and a half feet in diameter, and from the tip of the nasal bone to the top of the head the distance is 12 feet The eye sockets are four feet across. The brain cavity will hold half a bushel. A portion of a rib of this animal found near the skull is 14 feet long. From this a section seven feet long had been broken. Perhaps the rib was even longer when it was intact. 'Naturalists have been unable to name this animal," an attendant at the museum said. 'They say that, judging from proportions, It must have been 350 or 400 feet long and 60 or 80 feet high. Think of an ani mal more than a block long and as high as some four-story business buildings. The skull of this beast was found on Little Bear creek In the Cherokee strip in September, 1893. R. H. Phelps of Wichita, Kan., found a part of the rib protruding from a sand bar. An 'excavation was made and the remainder of the animal was ex humed." In another section of the museum are several teeth from the head of a mammoth. * These bits of bone are a foot tall and about two feet wide. One of them will weigh more than 50 pounds. They were found in Okla homa. And then there are "samples" of an other animal, a smaller one. These a i t-y\ r f a, 3 The Old Clock Made Entirely of Wood. are bones of a mastodon, a beast which in prehistoric days grew into enormous size. Some of the bones of its body are nine inches in diameter. One of its teeth is aB large as the crown of a man's hat. These bones were found in an excavation at Sec ond street and Lydia avenue June 27, 1900. But the bbnes of animals are only one of the fascinating displays at the museum. There are oriental collec tions, Egyptian relics, Indian pieces. There are birds, beasts, insects, fossils —curios In endless numbers. It would take a person a week to examine the Indian curios alone. The arrow-heads, tomahawks, pipes, beadwork mocca sins, are there in hundred lota. One little beaded v belt, made by a Crow Indian woman, is said to be the finest piece of work ever seen in the west. The belt is about two inches wide, the body of buckskin. It is covered with thousands of colored beads, worked in so that they show a series of American Beauty roses. There are arrow heads in the mu seum, collected all the way from New York to San Francisco. There is one large display of them, gathered in and around Kansas City. They were made many years ago by the Wyandotte, Shawnee and Creek tribes. Some old mortars and pestles, used by the In dians around this section of the west, for preparing food, are also on dis play in the museum. They seem so odd and crude. "One old relic of which we are very proud," said the custodian of the mu seum, "is this old Seth Thomas clock, made in Plymouth. It Is one of the old 'grandfather's' variety, a clock made entirely of wood. Its cogwheels are of wood, its regulator of wood. With the exception of the hands and a few wires, used as piss there is no steel or Iron in It. There are few of these clocks In existence." Qne of the rarest collections in the museum Is the property of Mrs. Clark Salmon, obtained from the ori ire^Lvory and mahogany im ages, trinkets in endless variety are in It. One rosary in the collection was" blessed by Pope Leo XIII. ent. "■ AN EXAMPLE TO OTHERS. The rude carving on the headstone shown here represents a young lady who died from the effects of tight lacing, and she appears to be in evi dent discomfort from the evils of the practice. Beneath this figure is a smaller one showing a man on horse • <* P&. X ij % m si back, riding, it is supposed, to fetch the doctor. This extremely quaint memorial Is to be seen in the ancient churchyard of Springkell, near Eccle fechan. DOG BRINGS UP KITTENS. The Foster Mother Satisfied, Though Sometimes Surprised. Down in Delaware City, Del., a young mother dog, when she turned to lick her four new born puppies, found they did not respond to her tender care. They had come Into the world lifeless. They were her firstborn and she was puzzled and grieved that they paid no attention to the soft caresses with which she strove to woo Itoem to her. She finally ceased in despair, and looking about her spied a mother pussy, to whom a pair of healthy kit tens had just arrived. Jealous and indignant sha flew to the happy mother and seized and shook her till the cat fled in terror and did not return. Then the dog, taking the kittens tenderly in her mouth, carried them to her box and adopted them as her own. There were only two babies In place of her four, but not being able to count she did not notice the lack. The kittens accepted the situation, throve and waxed fat. But since they are older and have become playful their conduct sometimes astonishes their foster mother. For instance, when they chase each other up a tree she looks after them with amazement and solicitude, ap parently reflecting that she never be haved that way when she was a puppy, and as soon as they alight on the ground again she seizes them In her mouth and carries them reprov ingly back to their box. There are probably other surprises In store for her when she finds that their lan guage, instead of being a bark, is a spit or a mew, but In the meantime she is happy and self-satisfied.— Country Life in America. Death Won. Death won in a game of hide-and seek played several days ago in the Dutch Kills section of Long Island City by little Andrew Mourler of that section, and several of his schoolboy friends. When it came Andrew's turn to hide his companions could not find him. They looked in all known biding places, but In vain. They even declar ed the game off and called "All home!" but there was no response from their missing companion. Some what mystified, his companions sepa rated and went home. Andrew failed to get in for dinner and his father went in search of him. He asked his boy's companions to tell all they knew, but they could say only that he went to hide, and that that was the last they saw of him. Rigorous search was made without success. A few days later, John Pekart, who lived Just across the way from where the Mou riers live, while grappling in his cis tern for a lost bucket, brought up the body of the missing boy. It Is sup posed that the boy jumped into the cistern to hide, and that the heavy, glazed lid closed down on him as he dropped into the water. Queer Wedding Invitations. Invitations to weddings in Wales are very businesslike. When the parents of the bride-to-be bid her friends to the ceremony, they bid them not to come empty handed. The cards say: "Whatever donations you may be pleased to bestow will be thankfully repaid whenever called for on a simi lar occasion. The parents of the bride and bridegroom-elect desire that all glft3 due to them will be returned to them on the above date and will be thankful for all favors granted." MRS. McXINLEY IS DEAD END COMES QUIETLY—DISSOLU TION WITHOUT PAIN. Sympthetic Friend* See ''Lady of Sorrow" Go to Reward—Fates Dyed Threads of Her Life With Tears. Canton, Ohio.—Mrs. Win. McKinley died at l:0o o'clock this afternoon. The transition from life to death was so peaceful and gradual that it was with difficulty that the vigilant physicians and attendants noted when dissolution came. There was no struggle; no pain. Mrs. McKinley never knew of the effort* made for days to prolong her life, nor of the solicitous hope against hope of her sister and other relatives and friends for her recovery. At the McKinley home when death came there were Sec retary Cortelyou, Mr. and Mrs. Barber, Mrs. Sarah Duncan, Mrs. Luther Day, Justice and Mrs. William R. Day, Dra. Portmann and Rixey and the nurses. It was by Secretary Cortelyou that the announcement of the demise was given to the public. As this was flashed over the land William McKinley post and George D. Harter post, G. A. R., were forming in line, and to the strains of a band playing "The March Relig ious, " went to the First Methodist Epis copal Church to listen to the annual memorial address which was given by Dr. Buxton, Mrs. McKinley's pastor. From numerous friends of the de ceased Mrs. Barber received telegrams of condolence on the death of her sister. Among them were telegrams from President Roosevelt and Vice-President Fairbanks. Mrs. McKinley will always be remem bered in America as its "lady of sor Her love for her husband and row. his great love for her have left a very tender and sympathetic memory to all the people of the country. Her life was as tragic as it was beautiful, and when she has been laid in the same tomb with her husband and the babies whose loss made her life sad, some one may write an epic of the ended history. RECTOR GOES TO THE BAD Said to Have Swindled Merchants Out of $100,000 Worth of Goods. Clarksville, Tenn.—John Thompson Hargrave, formerly rector of the Trin ity Church at Clarksville, has been jailed at Richmond, Va., on the charge of fraudulent use of the mails. Har grave's arrest was made by a postoffice inspector on the charge of "devising schemes to defraud by use of the mails." It is claimed by officers that Har-. grave is one of the most systematic crooks that ever operated in the United States. Hargrave's method of procedure is aa follows: He obtains the name of a firm which he selects as the object of his fraudulent schemes, orders whatever he wishes, signs himself as "The Rev erend," explains that he is an Episcopal clergyman, receives the goods, and in every one of upward of 100 cases ia said to have refused to respond with remittances. He is about 60 years old, has been twice married and is the father of four teen children. A batch of letters now in the hands of a Richmond inspector from attorneys, business men and also bills of lading are their basis for a statement to the effect that within the past six months Hargrave is thought to have swindled 100 business houses of upward of 8100,000 in portable property. SNOWSTORM IN CHICAGO. Severe Hail Mingled With Snow Causes Much Damage. Chicago.—Freakish, capricious May today handed Chicago a fierce snow and hail storm which had all the features of a blizzard excepting the low temper ature. The hail was very heavy and continued for some time. The snow, while not heavy enough to stall railroad trains, was a snow storm just the same. iTears are entertained that the hail has done much damage to the growing crops and fruit trees. It was severe enough to whip the smaller park trees into shreds and break windows. APPEAL TO SOUTH To 8top All Business When Da via Statue Ia Unveiled. New Orleans.—An appeal to all South erners briefly to stop business and all movipg wheels at 2 p.m. June 3, the moment of the unveiling of Jefferson Davis' statue at the Richmond reunion of the Confederate veterans, was issued here tonight by Gen. Lee, command ing the veterans. The order urges upon all Confederate soldiers in the United States and other parts of the world, all employes of labor and workers, their wives and children, that for five minutes they cease all oc cupation and with bared and bowed heads do reverence to the memory o! the Confederate leader.