Newspaper Page Text
ri'ni.ISIIEU WEEKLY. HERNANDO. : : MISSISSIPPI. NEWS Or THE WEEK LATEST NEWS OF THE WORLD TERSELY TOLD. NORTH, EAST, SOUTH AND WEST Notes From Foreign Lands, Through out the Nation, and Particularly The Great Southwest. The very Rev. John Marshall Lang, chancellor and principal of Aberdeen (Scotland) university, died Sunday. He was born in 1834 and was noted writer and lecturer. Rear Admiral Hedworth Lambton commander of the English squadron anchored in Yokohama harbor was granted an audience with the emperor Monday. Promptly at midnight Friday night the government of Saskatchewan province took over the entire tele phone system in that province recent ly purchased from the Bell Telephone company, and now the Bells are out of the vast tract from the great lakes to the Pacific. Manitoba and Alberta already had taken over the systems in their borders. After Dr. F. W. Page of Waverly, Mass., an alienist, had declared that Chester S. Jordan, on trial'for the murder of his wife, was incurably ill and could not survive three years, the defense attempted Friday to have a record breaking hypothetical ques tion of 31,000 words introduced. The court decided that the question was really a review of the evidence. New York City finds itself facing a problem in carrying out its agreement with Andrew Carnegie to provide sites for seventy-eight public libraries for which the ironmaster appropriated $5,000,000. So far the city has ac quired only fifty-five sites and will have to acquire twenty-three more. Antonio Cipollo was hanged at Fol som prison, California, Friday for the murder on March 4 of last year of Joseph Priano. Cipollo and a com panion enticed Priano up the Sacra mento river, stabbed him and threw him into the water after robbing him. Chas. W. Fairbanks, former vice president, concluded through agents Thursday a deal for the purchase of a $30,000 residence in one of the fash ionable districts of Pasadena. It is said he will make this his future home. L. W. Bingham, of Cleveland, a pri vate detective, was shot and probably fatally injured by his wife Thursday afternoon. After telephoning the po lice to come, the woman and her daughter ate ice cream. Contracts have been awarded by the isthmian canal commission ap proximating in value $1,000,000 for supplies of various kinds to be deliv ered during the fiscal year 1910. The Wisconsin house Wednesday killed the Stou woman suffrage bill by a vote of 53 to 34. Since the bill passed the senate four weeks ago the women of the organization did every thing within their power to influence assemblymen in favor of it Eugene Pearson, chief clerk of the United States army transport service in San Francisco was Wednesday on a charge of having em bezzled $1,145. Pearson's books are said to have shown several apparent arrested at shortages. The French government has award ed a first-class life saVers' medal to John R. Binns, for courage displayed when the White Star steamer Repub lic was run down by the steamship Florida off Nantucket last January. Binns was the Marconi operator on board the Republic. William E. Johnson, of Salt Lake, Utah, special Indian agent who has been investigating the source of sup ply of what is known as the "Peyote" bean, which has been sold to the In dians, condemned the supply of beans and bought them for the government, paying $2.50 per thousand. Chester M. Hamsher, in the federal court at Kansas City, pleaded guilty to a charge of signing his wife's name to love letters which he wrote to Neil Johnson, a wealthy man of Atchison, Kas., and he was sentenced to a year in Jail. Chief Inspector Cochran or the Den rer postofflce announced Wednesday that a mail pouch containing 29 regis tered packages had been lost from a Union Pacific train between Green River and Bryan, Wyo., Sunday night. Shafroth of Colorado ter it He Governor Tuesday signed the campaign ex penses bill passed by the recent legis lature, and the unique measure be law in ninety days. The bill 0s comes a ... W— — provides that the state shall contrib ute for campaign expenses every two years, 25 cents for each vote cast at preceding general election. Rev. W. P. Whitlock, aged 76, one ot the oldest and best known clergymen conected with the Methodist episcopal church, died Sunday at Delaware, O. Gilbert D. Preston, president of the Inter-State Coal & Coke company shot and killed himself Sunday in the bath room of his home a*t Columbus, Ohio. Cornelius Fellows, founder and the president of the National Horse Show association, died Friday, aged 69. It was largely due to his efforts that the annual horse shows held in Madison Square Garden attained their popu larity. H. Ota, councilor in the department | of agriculture and commerce for the I Japanese government, has been ap pointed comissioner general to the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition and will come to Seattle imediately to take charge of the Japanese exhibits, Fire caused by crossed wires Thurs day night destroyed the plant of the Piqua (O.) Home Telephone company. I A score of operators seated at the switchboards when the fire broke out had narrow escapes, the entire build ing being in flames a minute or so | assurances from the officials of the I department of justice that there would be an investigation of the charge of discriminating by the Harriman rail roads which were recently made by the merchants of Salt Lake and other! after it was discovered. Senator Smoot Thursday received cities in Utah. At least two persons were burned | to death and many severely injured in a fire which threatened to destrtfy a six-story tenement in New York. The fire, starting-on the third floor, worked up to the roof and imprisoned many families. When Margaret Tarney, a beautiful lG-year-old girl, saw' Des Moines offi cers arrest Charles A. Morgan, a mar ried man to whom she wrote burning love letters, she swallowed an ounce of laudanum. She was taken to a hos pital, where her condition is preca rious. Charles K. Shu, probably the first Chinaman to be made a justice of the peace in this country, was Wednesday invested with that authority by the comonwealth of Massachusetts. Shu ; | , .. , _ ... . . is a native of Seattle, Wash. New York is to have the highest hotel in the world, is plans filed with the bureau of building are carried out. They call for a thirty-one story struc ure, 376 feet high. The Rev. Edward Everett Hale, aged chaplain of the United States senate, was taken ill on his way from Wash ington to Boston "Wednesday, and is now confined to his home. Nat Goodwin has purchased the Her vey 60-acre orange grove near Fuller ton, Cal., paying for it $64,000. The ranch is considered one of the most attractive in that section. The annual edition of the "Quax," Drake University's student publica tion, was confiscated by the faculty and its editors threatened with possi ble expulsion unless two objectionable cartoons were withdrawn. The Florida house of representa tives Tuesday adopted a resolution en dorsing "the democracy of the match-1 less and peerless leader of the Demo cratic party, William Jennings Bryan." Former Congressman John J. Lentz of Ohio, Tuesday filed a petition in bankruptcy in the United States court scheduling liabilities of $87,082.41, of which $13,300 is secured and assets of $20,645. J. R. Capablanca, the Cuban cham pion, after fifty-two moves scored his second victory Tuesday night against Frank J. Marshall, in the fifth game of the chess match at the Manhattan club at New York. On account of the funeral of Maurice Powers, a former member of the Phil adelphla Athletics, the game between Washtngton and Phtladelphla Amert. , s can Leagues scheduled for Thursday at Washington will be postponed. Advices received Tuesday from Sydney, Australia, state that Jack London, the American author who started on a tour of the South Sea t 0 Islands many months ago in the sloop Snark has sold the boat at that port continued intermittently for the past I its sixteen hours at a point on the Great Northern, a mile east of Nyack, Mont., have completely blocked traffic and a [ in and gone to South America. Earth and snow slides which have I dozen trains, including four passen ger trains, are tied up qpeither side. I Adele Boas, the 13-year-old daugh- ' ter of Arthur E. Boas, is at home with her parents, the mystery of her disap-1 pearance having been dispelled and the case resolves itself into nothing more than the escapade of a child with a sudden desire to see the world. . .. . j. According to a dispatch received Monday night former Governor Low rey. of Mississippi, who is ill in New Orleans, has suffered a relapse and it is not believed he can survive for J y An unidentified wire tapper w r as I y caught sending results out of the 0 grand stand at Lexington, Ky. De- of tectlves stripped him of a pocket key and wires running down his trousers legs to heel plates connected with wires through nails on which be stood. I He was put off the grounds many hours. GREAT CONGRESS OF PEACE WORKERS HELD IN CHICAGO Thousands of the Opponents of Warfare, Including Many Distinguished Diplomats and Statesmen, Gather to Discuss Disarmament and Worldwide Arbitration. | Chicago.—Every civilized country on I the globe was represented in the ond National Peace Congress, which began here Monday. was the greatest of its kind ever held to in America, and brought to Chicago some 25,000 persons who are zealous workers in the cause of world-wide peace. Among these were eminent I statesmen and diplomats of this and other nations. Unfortunately, official dutieB prevented both President Taft, the honorary president, and Secretary | of War Dickinson, the president of the congress, from being present. On Sunday there were special serv I ices * n most of the Chicago churches, peace meetings under the auspices of 30c * a list and labor organizations, and a * arge mass meeting which was ad dressed President Schurman of Cornell university, Rev. Jenkins Lloyd Jones and Dr. Emil G. Hirsch of Chi sec The gathering "I. The men and women, now a a "The organized peace party has its of J. I. | cag0 Welcome to the Congress. Orchestra hall was filled to the limit Monday when the first session was called to order by Robert Treat Paine of Boston, the presiding officer, for governors, mayors and hundreds of clubs had been asked to appoint dele gates, and most of them had sponded. President Dickinson's ad dress, the same he delivered several weeks ago before the Hamilton club, was read, and the congress was then formally welcomed by Gov. Charles S. Deneen for the state, Mayor Fred A. Busse for the city and Rev. A. Eugene Bartlett, chairman of the reception | committee. The secretary then read a brief letter from President Taft, in which the chief executive heartily . commended the aims of the congress, Miss Anna B. Eckstein of Boston next was ln t roduced to the meeting and read a « World Petition to the Third Hague Conference." re This was f l I W . V \ » k >N William J. Calhoun. followed by an address by Dr. Benja min F. Trueblood, secretary of the American Peace Society, on "The Pres ent Position of the Peace Movement." What Has Been Accomplished. Dr. Trueblood said in part: "Let me sketch in the barest out lines what has already been accom plished. The interpretation will take care of itself. belleve , ha , tlle „ , s „ hm H|nd brnte (orce 8hou| J direct the policies of nations and pre side at the settlement of their dif ferences, are now thoroughly organ ized. A hundred years ago there was not a society in existence organized t 0 promote appeal to the forum of reason and right in the adjustment of international controversies. To-day there are more than 500, nearly important nation having its group of peace organizations. Their constituents are numbered by .tens of thousands, from every rank and class in society philanthropists, men of trade and commerce, educators and every Jurists, workingmen, statesmen, rulers even - International Peace bureau at Berne, Switzerland, binding all its sections into 0Q e world body. It has its Inter Pea ff c ™« re8s whl <* has held 17 meet ' n f 8 in 20 years-con gresses over which statesmen now feel ^ honor , de> Triumph of Arbitration, « n The positlon which the peaco movemen t has reached is no less dis y nc ti y determined by the practical at tainments of arbitration. We are this y ear celebrating what is really the 0 ne hundredth anniversary of the birth of our movement, for it was in 1809 that David L. Dodge, a Christian mer chant of New York city, wrote th® pamphlet which brought the move ment into being, and led six years later to the organization in his parlor in New York of the first Peace society in the world. There had then been no arbitrations between nations in our modern sense of the word 'nations.' In the 100 years since 1809 more than 250 Important controversies have been settled by this means, not to mention an even greater number of less important cases, the settlement "Of which involved the principle of ar bitration. Within the past 20 years so rapid has been the triumph of arbi tration that more than 100 interna tioual differences have been disposed of by this means, or between five and six a year for the whole 20 years. The Hague Conferences. "III. In order to determine further the advanced position which the peace movement has attained on its practical side, the two Hague confer and what they have ac complished must be taken into ac count. It is still the habit of some per sons to speak disparagingly of these great gatherings and their results. Some do it because they are satisfied with nothing short of immediate fection; others because they wish the whole movement for the abolition of war to fail. Othere do it purely from ignorance. "The first Hague conference gave us the permanent international court of arbitration, to which 24 powers finally became parties by ratification of tha convention. This court has now for eight years been in successful opera tion, and not less than four contro versles have been referred to it dur ing the past year. The second Hague conference enlarged and strengthened the convention under which this court was set up, and made the court the tribunal, not of 25 powers, but of all the nations of the world. "The high water mark of the work of the second Hague conference reached in its action in regard to fu ture meetings of the conference. The principle of periodic meetings of the conference hereafter was approved without a dissenting voice. The date even of the third conference was fixed and the governments urged to appoint at least two years in advance an in ternational commission to prepare the program of the meeting." Dean W. P. Rogers of the Cincinnati Law school brought this session to a close with an eloquent talk on "The Dawn of Universal Peace.'* Addresses Monday Evening. Monday evening's meeting was de voted to "The Drawing Together of the Nations, by Dr. Hirsch. The addresses were on "Independence Versus Interdepend ence of Nations," by Prof. Paul S. Reinsch of the University of Wiscon sin; ' Racial Progress Towards Univer sal Peace," by Rev. H. T. Kealing of Nashville, Tenn.; and "The Biology of War," by President David Starr Jor dan of Leland Stanford, Jr., Univer sity. At the same time another meet ing was in session in Music hall, with Miss Jane Addams in the chair. The speakers there were Joseph B. Burtt of Chicago, on "Fraternal Orders and Peace;" Prof. Graham Taylor of Chi cago Commons, on "Victims of War and Industry; '' Samuel Gompers, presi dent of the American Federation of Labor, on "Organized Labor and Peace," and John Spargo of Yonkers, N. Y., on "International Socialism a Peace Factor." Commercial and Legal Views. Two big meetings were held Tues day morning, one on commerce and in dustry, presided over by George E. Roberts, president of the Commercial National bank of Chicago, and the other on "Women and Peace," with Mrs. Ellen M. Henrotin of Chicago chairman! The former session addressed by Belton Gilreath of Bir mingham, Ala., W. A. Mahoney of Col umbus, O., James Arbuckle, consul of Spain and Colombia, St. Louis, and Marcus M. Marks, president of the National Association of Clothiers, New York city. The women heard Inter esting speeches by Mrs. Philip N. Moore, president of the General Fed eration of Women's Clubs; Miss Jane AddamB and Mrs. Lucia Ames Mead of Boston. "Some Legal Aspects of the Peace Movement" was the general topic of the Orchestra hall meeting Tuesday afternoon, and the chairman William J. Calhoun of Chicago. Prof. William I. Hull of Swarthmore college dis cussed the advances registered by the two Hague conferences, and James Brown Scott, solicitor of the state de partment, talked about some questions which the third Hague conference probably will consider, lems Capable of Settlement by Arbi tration" was the subject of a learned paper by Prof. Charles Cheney Hyde ences per was and was presided over for in far to as was Legal Prob of Chicago. In Mandel hall, at tha University of Chicago, a special session was held for universities and colleges, a feature of which was an oratorical contest participated in by students. Louis P. Lochner of Madison, Wis., spoke on "The Cosmopolitan Clubs." The general session of Tuesday evening was perhaps the most inter esting of the congress. "Next Steps in Peacemaking" was the topic. The audience was aroused to great enthu siasm by an eloquent and spirited ad dress by Congressman Richard Bar tholdt of Missouri, president of the American Group, Interparliamentary union. Another paper that met with deserved applause was that of Edwin [/, A q • :ii l m p> % /W Richard Bartholdt. D. Mead of Boston on "The Arrest in Competitive Arming in Fidelity to The Hague Movement." Competitive Arming. In discussing this question, Mr. Mead said: "Let us consider simply Great Brit ain, Germany and the United States. It is unnecessary to go further, be cause these three nations control the situation, and they are the chief sin ners. If these three nations began to day to act, with reference to arma ments, in accordance with the spirit and purpose of The Hague convention, the peace and order of the world would be assured to-morrow. "In 1898 Great Britain spent on her navy $124,000,000; Germany spent $29,000,000; and the United State* .spent $50,000,000. Britain spent $170,000,000; Germany, $83,000,000; and the United States, $104,000,000. The increase in precise ly ten years when there should have been decrease was enormous. Our own army expenses last year were as great as our navy expenses. Our navy expenses this year will be $30,000,000 greater than last year. We are to day paying for expenses of past wars and preparations for possible wars 65 per cent., practically two-thirds, of our total national revenue, leaving barely one-third available for all con structive purposes. What would Wash ington and Jefferson and Franklin say to this? We know what they did say about things of this sort. They would say to-day that the republic was stand ing on its head. Last year Great Hop® for tha Future. "This is what has come about in ten years in these three nations be cause The Hague conference in 1899 did nothing about the reduction or ar rest of armaments. As we now look back, we see that it could not do much directly at that time. The war sys tem of nations could be supplanted only by the gradual development of a system of International law and jus tice to take its place. When the first Hague conference created the inter national tribunal, it did indirectly the most probably which it could do in be half of the reduction of armaments, because it took a long step in furnish ing the nations with such legal ma chinery for the settlement of their dif ferences as makes recourse to war machinery more and more unneces sary and inexcusable. It has been in the line of this thought that the in ternational lawyers have had their hopeful assurance. Develop the legal machinery, they said, and the arma ments will perforce crumble of their own dead weight. "The continued and rapid develop ment during the decade of provision for the peaceful settlement of interna tional disputes has been something un paralleled in history. The leaders ol the movement for international justice are sometime^ reproached with being dreamers. The only trouble with them in the past ten years has been that, so far as the development of the instru ments of international justice are con cerned, they have not been able to dream daringly enough or fast enough to keep up with the facts." Among the diplomats who came to Chicago to attend the Peace congress were: Ambassador Count Johann Heinrich von BernBtorff of Germany; Herman de Lagercrantz, envoy from Sweden; Wu Ting Fang, envoy from China; Alfred Mitchell Innes, coun selor of the British embassy, and Dr Halvdan Kont of the University ol Norway. The Japanese, Turkish and French embassies also were repro seated. •a. ...■.